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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Illinois B
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One section of this work opens in second person describing how Mrs. Parker shows rooms for rent, and concludes with Elsie Leeson being taken to Bellvue from the title area. In addition to "The Skylight Room," one story in this collection tells of how Jimmy Valentine opens a safe to rescue a child, while another sees "Silky" Bob arrested after his friend Jimmy makes a twenty-year-old appointment, but turns out to be a cop. Another work in this collection spites Frank Norris by focusing on Nashville, Tennessee. Bill and Sam are forced to pay Ebenezer Dorset $250 in one work of this collection, which also contains the stories "A Retrieved Reformation," "After Twenty Years," "A Municipal Report," and a story about Jim and Della's ironic Christmas presents. For 10 points, identify this collection of short stories that contains "The Ransom of Red Chief" and "The Gift of the Magi," named for the population of New York and written by O. Henry.
Answer: The Four Million
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The "Day of the Vow," now called the "Day of Reconciliation," marked a covenant they purported to establish with God before their chief victory, which led to a short-lived republic. They chafed under Ordinance 50 and relentless skirmishing in the east, and men they elected as their leaders included Potgieter. They were promised a large cessation of land in Natalia upon recovery of one man's cattle, but that man later reneged and ambushed and massacred Piet Retief's men at Weenen. In response, a force of them took advantage of a superior defensive position on the Ncome River and under Andres Pretorius, killed 3,400 of Dingane's Zulu. The victors at the Battle of Blood River, for 10 points, name this group of pioneers, the first of the Boer to leave Cape Colony.
Answer: the Voortrekkers [accept Great Trekkers; or Those who trek ahead; prompt on Boer]
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This man's lesser works include an 1815 essay titled England and the English and he subcategorized capitalists into entrepreneurs, investors, and 'savants' who refine products and processes. He also attempted to describe a society which sought to improve its citizens' morals in his early essay Olbie. Robert Palmer wrote a biography of this man subtitled "An Economist in Troubled Times," and along with Destutt de Tracy, he was important in championing the work of Etienne de Condillac. This man's most famously stated that no long-term surplus of goods can be possible, and thus argued against the existence of a "general glut." For 10 points, identify this French economist, best known for his eponymous Law of Markets, which can be stated as "supply creates its own demand."
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Say
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A former NBA player with this surname currently plays for Syria's Jalaa Club and dazzled the 1996 NBA draft with his white suit and fedora after he was taken ninth by Dallas. Another player with this surname was drafted by the Wizards last year and promptly traded to the Celtics; he was a former high school teammate of O.J. Mayo, and Michael Beasley's highest-scoring teammate at Kansas State. In addition to Samaki and Bill, another man of this surname is depicted in a YouTube video by "NorthMass" in which he dunks from the free throw line over Marcus Camby and does the "truffle shuffle," and another in which he sinks a "four pointer" to win the 2008 NBA Finals with his old team. That man with this last name took a whopping eight three pointers per game in a season that saw him help Paul Pierce upset the Pistons in the 2001-02 Eastern Conference Semis. For 10 points, give this surname of a pudgy former Celtics great currently scuffling for the Memphis Grizzlies, Antoine.
Answer: Walker
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Given epithets including "Bromios" and "Taurokeros," this character was raised by residents of Nysa, and his attributes included a thyrsus and kantharos. His mother was eventually made into the goddess Thyone, and this figure was honored via songs known as dithyrambs, which were sung at such festivals dedicated to him as the Lenaia. In Orphic legend, he is given the name Zagreus, and Hera has the Titans rip him to shreds, though Zeus saves his still-beating heart. This figure spared Acoetes while turning the rest of the pirates that had kidnapped him into dolphins, and he ritually sodomized himself on the tomb of his guide Prosymnus. He married Ariadne after Theseus left her on Naxos and drove Lycurgus of Thrace insane, and he was born from Zeus' thigh after his mother died after Hera tricked her into demanding that Zeus show himself in all his glory. For 10 points, identify this son of Semele, the Greek god of revelry and wine.
Answer: Dionysus [accept Bacchus or Oeneus]
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One of its namesakes performed a similar experiment wherein a Wheatstone bridge was setup to measure the resistance of a wire in a given orientation and finding the change in the resistance by rotating the setup because of Lorentz contraction along with A. O. Rankine. This experiment also led to a paradox between Maxwellian Electrodynamics and Special relativity which is reconciled by accounting for the changing electromagnetic momentum. The idea for this experiment was proposed by George FitzGerald, whose calculations showed that a charged parallel plate capacitor that is freely suspended orients itself perpendicular to the motion of the earth. For 10 points, identify this experiment which, like the Michelson-Morley experiment, sought to study the motion of the earth flowing through the ether and obtained a null result, and was performed by an Irish scientist and his grad student.
Answer: Trouton-Noble experiment [accept Trouton Rankine until "Rankine"]
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The two people who were the targets for this action were both present at the younger one's wedding, with the elder standing in for the bride's deceased father Elliott. One person who attempted to do it wrote extensive letters to Dr. Adin Sherman, and claimed that his target was not the "citizen." Another person who tried to do this was executed after admonishing capitalists for trying to take his picture. One person who tried to do this was an anarchist named John Schrank who claimed that that William McKinley's ghost told him to do it, while another was an Italian named Giuseppi Zangara, who killed Chicago mayor Anton Cermak instead. This action was once thwarted by a pince-nez eyeglasses case, after which the target gave a speech claiming it would take more to down a Bull Moose. For 10 points, name this action attempted in 1912 and 1933, against a certain Theodore and Franklin Delano.
Answer: attempting to assassinate a Roosevelt [accept attempting to assassinate Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt; accept equivalents like shoot/kill; prompt on shoot/assassinate the U.S. President or equivalents]
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This work states that Dante's Paradise would be as bright as Vauxhall London because all of its "blessed spirits" would be lit up with goodness. It describes how moral consciousness will yield asceticism similar to that of St. Francis or Christ in "Denial of the Will to Live" and discusses the nature of homosexual relationships in "The Metaphysics of Sexual Love." It states that the greatest purpose of art is to communicate the Platonic Ideals and that music mimics the structure of the world in its third book. It claims that life is suffering and that humans are left to blindly strive and in a "great extension" it applies the "Ding an Sich" beyond humanity to all things. For 10 points, name this pessimistic metaphysical work with an appendix critiquing Kant, the most famous work of Arthur Schopenhauer.
Answer: The World as Will and Idea [accept The World as Will and Representation or Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung]
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A blurry picture featuring a crucifix hangs on a brown wall in the upper-left corner of this painting along with a pendulum clock. A vessel containing several spoons can be seen hanging at the top right of this painting, and two windows can be seen in the back wall of this painting along with a pillar which lies to the right. The scene is lit solely by an oil lamp hanging from the ceiling toward the center of the painting. The rightmost figure has her left hand on her knee with the index finger pointing to the ground, as she pours a dark liquid into small white cups. Of the five titular people only the leftmost figure is a man, and a woman wearing a white bonnet is looking at him while she faces the viewer with a fork in her outstretched arm to consume the title food. For 10 points, identify this painting by Vincent Van Gogh depicting peasants dining on the titular tubers.
Answer: The Potato Eaters [or Der Aardappeleters]
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This man's written works include a collection of 52 essays entitled Kindergarten Chats and The Autobiography of an Idea. His namesake T-shaped bungalow was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina, while a building this man originally designed for R. Deimel & Brothers, the Dexter Building, was destroyed in a 2006 fire. Larry Millet's book The Curve of the Arch is about another building designed by this man that features two huge arched windows and green terracotta trim, the National Farmer's Bank of Owatonna. His only work in New York is the Bayard Building, and he criticized Daniel Burnham for that man's classicism after designing the modernist Transportation Building for the Columbian Exposition. His other Chicago buildings include his last collaboration with Dankmar Adler, the Carson, Pirie, Scott Building, and he also designed Clinton, Iowa's Van Allen Building. For 10 points, identify this Chicago School architect of St. Louis's Sullivan building, who believed that "form follows function."
Answer: Louis Henri Sullivan
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The discovery of bromodomain and chromodomain-containing proteins which bind to the amino tail of these proteins was cited as evidence for a "code" associated with these according to a landmark paper by Jenuwein and Allis. Gcn5 and the SWI/SWF complex found in yeasts modify this class of proteins, and CENP-A is homologous to one of the proteins and is found in centrosomes. Their namesake acetyltransferases add acetyl groups to lysine residuses near the amino terminus, and they contain large amounts of basic residues which facilitates their interaction with DNA. Discovered by Albrecht Kossel, for 10 points, identify these octameric proteins around which DNA binds to produce nucleosomes, which come in H2, H3 and H4 varieties.
Answer: histones
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The central locale of this work is home to a Roman amphitheater that was reportedly the site of a burning-hanging that saw a husband-killing woman's heart leap out of her body. One character dies of a miscarriage brought on by seeing an effigy of her and the protagonist riding on a donkey. After two characters have a falling-out over the treatment of an employee, they hold competing balls, and the protagonist's is ignored. Jopp blackmailed one character into getting him a job, and before returning the love letters written to him, he read them aloud in an inn. One relationship in this novel begins when the title character sells faulty grain to some bakers and hires a corn expert. Characters in this novel include Richard Newson, Lucetta, Elizabeth-Jane, and Donald Farfrae. For 10 points, name this novel in which Michael Henchard sells his wife and child, written by Thomas Hardy.
Answer: The Mayor of Casterbridge
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One person associated with this period removed installed Dagobert as the abbot of Farfa after ousting corrupt monk Campo. Another figure in this period called a council at Hohenaltheim, earning the friendship of King Conrad, but that man was allegedly smothered in prison after his brother Petrus was murdered. In addition to John X, this period saw the reign of Lando, and much of the information known about this period comes from the writings of Liutprand of Cremona. It began with the office of the man who is alleged to have illegitimately fathered the future John XI, and who re-exhumed the body of Formosus and beheaded it in the Second Cadaver Synod, Sergius III. For 10 points, identify this period in which the papacy was under the control of Theodora and Marozia, two women of the Theophylacti family, unarguably Stephen Webb's most favorite period in the Catholic Church's history.
Answer: Pornocracy [or Rule of the Harlots]
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This work argues that the title entity created an "implosion" that, like a gas confined in a small space, produced many "collisions and interactions." One prominent metaphor in this work is the title entity as a "magnet," which it notes must come before the "container," which is another metaphor for the title entity as a "storehouse, conservator, and accumulator." It notes that the title entity creates a "negative symbiosis" when it focuses too much on death, and concludes that it should be an "organ of love" in its final section, "Retrospect and Prospect." This work argues for an "organic" version of the title entity that is integrated with, but not ruled by technology. Subtitled Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects, for 10 points, name this book that discusses the past and future of the metropolis, by Lewis Mumford.
Answer: The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects
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In the first poem in this collection, the speaker asks "shall I stand before thee face to face," while the speaker "in pleasure and pain stands not by the side of men." Another poem in this collection sees the speaker talk of a woman who "reigned and yet dwelled alone and apart" and who the speaker keeps "in the core of his heart." One poem in this collection notes that "I thought that my voyage had come to its end at the last limit of my power;" the three described poems are "I Shrink to Give Up My Life," "A Final Gift," and "The Poet in Me." A quote by the author of this collection about children who "seek not for hidden pleasures, they know not how to cast nets" ends its introduction. This collection centers on the concept of the "Lord of my life," and it opens with the lines "Thou has made me endless, such is thy pleasure." For 10 points, identify this collection of poems with an introduction by W.B. Yeats, written by Rabindranath Tagore.
Answer: Gitanjali [accept Song Offerings]
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This process can be used to analyze monolayers and surfaces in the sum-frequency generation method, and it process can be performed much faster with a technique that uses several frequencies simultaneously and employs Fourier transforms and an interferometer to yield qualitative and quantitative data about the sample. Solids can be dissolved in mineral oil and placed between potassium bromide disks in this technique in the nujol mull preparation, and every compound has a unique absorption spectrum in the fingerprint region. For 10 points, identify this spectroscopy technique which characterize the vibrational motion of covalent bonds and uses light between 400 and 4000 wavenumbers, contrasted with UV-Vis spectroscopy.
Answer: Infrared spectroscopy [or IR spectroscopy]
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The title characters of this work meet when one of them is "playing horse" and fooling around with some blue plums. One of the title characters addresses the other as "My Lord you" and questions why she should "climb the lookout." The speaker later notes that the "paired butterflies" that are "yellow with August" hurt her, and mentions the moss that has accumulated on the gate. The speaker hears monkeys making sorrowful noises, and desires to be informed of a journey down the River Kiang, so she can meet her husband "as far as Cho-fu-sa." The first English translation of this poem was published in Cathay, in which it was attributed to "Rihaku." For 10 points, name this poem about a woman whose husband went "by the river of the swirling eddies," a poem by Li Po that was translated by Ezra Pound.
Answer: "The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter"
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The Delft Island is located off of this country, and Mundal Lake lies along its west coast. One can observe estuarine crocodiles from the Kirindi Oya river in the Bundala National Park located in this country. The Kalu River is the second longest river in this country and to its west lies the Gulf of Mannar. The Knuckles mountain range is located in this country, and the city of Jaffna is located in its north. The Esala Perahara is an important festival in a city which houses the Asigiriya Cricket stadium, and visitors there should not miss the temple containing the sacred tooth of the Buddha. In addition to Kandy, this country's gem shopping center is located at Ratnapura, and one can see several ancient Buddhist sites in the city of Anuradhaputra. Somehow connected to its northern neighbor via Adam's Bridge, for 10 points, identify this country whose largest city is Colombo.
Answer: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka [I guess accept India until "Mundal Lake"]
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His first crown was allegedly taken from an effigy of the Virgin Mary. In the battle that saw his downfall, a German mercenary named Martin Schwartz was killed, and late in life, he became a royal falconer after serving loyally as a royal dishwasher. His attempt to grab power resulted in a landing at Piel Island and the battles of Bootham Bar and Doncaster, where his forces were led by John de la Pole, the Earl of Lincoln. Roger Simons educated this man and first presented him as Richard of Shrewsbury, First Duke of York, but later decided he was the Earl of Warwick. For 10 points, name this man who, like Perkin Warbeck, was a pretender to the throne of Henry VII, and who lost the Battle of Stoke Field, ending the Wars of the Roses.
Answer: Lambert Simnel [accept Edward VI or Edward, Earl of Warwick from those die-hard Yorkists]
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The retry and lazy mod mapping methods are used to make the FNV one of these work for non-powers of two. The Zobrist version is created using chess or go positions, while the Miyaguchi-Preneel construction is used in one of these known as WHIRLPOOL. The Pearson one avoids bit-shifting, while Pagh and Rodler were the first to describe the cuckoo version of them, and the Merkle-Damgard construction method can be used to create them. Several of them are used in Bloom filters, while rolling versions of them are used to find substrings in blocks of text in the Rabin-Karp algorithm. Rainbow tables work like them in reverse, and the closer to purely injective one of them is, the more "perfect" it is said to be. Bucket, chaining, and linear probing methods are used to resolve the most common problem in their namesake tables; that problem occurs when two inputs produce the same output and is known as a collision. For 10 points, identify these functions which generate a fixed-length key for every input value.
Answer: cryptographic hash functions [accept hashing, hashes, hash tables, hash maps or other similar answers, accept an appended "cryptographic" even when the question isn't specifically talking about a cryptographic hash function]
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TB. One of this author's creations is initially sold to Captain Justo, whom she murders, and later falls in love with Gereba, and in another work, Fadul Abdala and Castor Asuncao inhabit a village named "the big ambush" established by Natario de Fonseca. While aboard the Rakuyo Maru, he wrote about orphans such as Pedro Bala in his Captain of the Sands, in addition to writing Tereza Batista, and Showdown. Ascanio falls in love with Leonora while the title character seduces Ricardo in his Tieta, the Goat Girl, while the title character marries Theodoro, but still loves the formerly deceased Vadinho in Dona Flor and her Two Husbands. For 10 points, identify this author who wrote about the wife of Nacib Saad and cook of Vesuvius bar in Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon.
Answer: Jorge Amado
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Illinois B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The composer of this work claimed to have written it in forty-two consecutive nights. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this operetta in which Falke, Rosalinde, Adele, and Count Orlovsky hold a ball in order to get revenge on Count Eisenstein, who had previously abandoned a drunken Falke, who had been dressed as the title animal.
Answer: Die Fledermaus [accept The Bat]
[10] This composer, better known for waltzes such as "On the Beautiful Blue Danube", wrote Die Fledermaus.
Answer: Johann Sebastian Strauss Jr. [accept II or the Younger for "Jr.," accept Johann Sebastian Strauss, prompt on Strauss, and do not, for the love of god, accept Richard Strauss]
[10] This other Johann Strauss Jr. waltz was originally entitled Hand in Hand, but was renamed at the suggestion of Fritz Simrock to honor Wilhelm II and Franz Josef.
Answer: The Emperor Waltz [accept Kaiserwalzer or Opus 437]
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This man tried to convince Emperor Ai not to give his male lover Dong too much power. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this long-reigning Chinese emperor of the second and first centuries CE, who set up a strong Confucianist state and ordered China's first census.
Answer: Emperor Wu of Han [accept Han Wu Di or Han Wu Ti; or Liu Che]
[10] Emperor Wu was one of the greatest rulers of this Chinese dynasty split up into Eastern and Western portions, which followed the Ch'in dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms period. This dynasty gives its name to China's largest ethnic group.
Answer: Han Dynasty [or Han Chao]
[10] Wang Mang broke up the two periods of the Han Dynasty by establishing this dynasty, which ended when Wang died in the siege of Chang'an.
Answer: Xin Dynasty [or Xin Chao; or Hsin Dynasty; or Hsin Ch'ao]
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Identify the following variably related to electronic circuits, for 10 points each:,
[10] The Zener or Avalanche is one type of this device whose ideal version is able to pass current perfectly in one direction and generates infinite resistance in the other.
Answer: diode
[10] This type of diode developed by a Japanese, have a p-n junction which is much more heavily doped than usual, and has a narrow depletion layer. Therefore, electrons tunnel through the potential barrier.
Answer: Esaki diodes [prompt on tunnel diodes]
[10] Though Gautam cannot tie this into diodes, name this counterpart to Thevenin's theorem, which states that any network of current sources, voltage sources, and resistors is equivalent to a single current source in parallel with a resistor.
Answer: Norton's Theorem
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This story opens with two men fighting over making punch. For 10 points each.,
[10] Name this story in which a large steamer that wrecked. By the time the narrator gets out to the ship again, the Greeks have already picked it clean.
Answer: "After the Storm"
[10] Taking place while the two central characters wait 40 minutes for a train, the man tries to convince Jig that her slated operation, which is insinuated to be an abortion, is "perfectly natural," but Jig later tells him to shut up.
Answer: "Hills Like White Elephants"
[10] "After the Storm and "Hills Like White Elephants" were both penned by this author of "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place."
Answer: Ernest Miller Hemingway
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Answer the following concerning Delphi, for 10 points each.,
[10] This figure stole the Tripod of the Oracle at Delphi, and the struggle between him and Apollo, with Athena in the middle, is depicted on the east pediment of the Siphnian Treasure House.
Answer: Heracles [accept Hercules, Alcides, or Alcaeus]
[10] This stone, whose name means "navel," marks the center of the universe. Zeus determined its exact location by releasing two eagles who flew around the world in opposite directions until they met.
Answer: the omphalos
[10] The priestesses at Delphi derived their name from this creature, which chased the pregnant Leto across Greece and, after she finally gave birth, was shot to death at Delphi by the infant Apollo.
Answer: Python
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Name the following about rap battles that, if they occurred on regional sections of a message board, Charlie Dees would probably butt in on, for 10 points each.,
[10] In the "Texas" subforum, Charlie butts in and tells this rapper of to "kill himself" for dissing fellow Houstonian Mike Jones as "Dike Jones" in "You Got Wrecked." Charlie better watch out when this rapper sees him rollin', because he might just be hatin'.
Answer: Chamillionaire [accept Hakeem Seriki]
[10] In the "East Side vs. West Side" thread in the "Comparisons" forum, Charlie drops in to tell Lil' Cease, a member of this Biggie-mentored group, that he is "totally retarded" for not stopping Notorious B.I.G.'s assassination. This group hit it big with singles like Player's Anthem and Get Money off of discs like Riot Musik.
Answer: Junior M.A.F.I.A [accept Junior Masters At Finding Intelligent Attitudes]
[10] Charlie jumps in the "G-Unit castoffs" thread to insult this former Fiddy confidant as "stupid as fuck" for stabbing Jimmy James Johnson at the VIBE awards, and thus not seeing his debut Straight Outta Cashville hit the big time.
Answer: Young Buck [or David Darnell Brown]
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According to various sources on the internet, this man led an attempt to colonize Brazil, and Florida but was pretty unsuccessful. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Hugenot who won the Battle of Jarnac in 1570, after which he negotiated the Peace of St. Germain.
Answer: Gaspard de Coligny Marquis de Chatillon [accept either]
[10] This position, held by a man who ordered the Massacre at Vassy, was also held by a man who plotted the assassination of Gaspard de Coligny along with Catherine de Medici.
Answer: Duc de Guise [or Duke of Guise]
[10] In the late 1500s, a certain king of Navarre, a king of France, and a Duc de Guise were involved in this religious conflict, which pretty much ended when some guy came to power and declared "Paris is worth a mass."
Answer: War of the Three Henrys [prompt on "French wars of religion"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man proved Fermat's last theorem for the cases where n equals 5 or 14. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man better known for showing that infinitely many primes exist in an arithmetic sequence whose first term is coprime to the difference and, in addition to Dedekind, names some eta function that is related to the Reimann zeta function.
Answer: Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
[10] Dirichlet also names this statement which can be stated as if there are n+1 objects to be placed in n boxes, one box must contain at least two objects.
Answer: Pigeonhole Principle [accept Dirichlet's box or Dirichlet's drawer or something similar]
[10] When evaluated at 2, Dirichlet's beta function gives this quantity named for the dude who also hypothesized that only two powers which satisfy the equation x to the p minus y to the q equals one are 3 squared and 2 cubed.
Answer: Catalan's constant
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The title character is encountered in a cave with a leaf-stuffed mattress on the Isle of Lemnos. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this play with a chorus of sailors, about a snake-bite suffering Greek archer who is eventually convinced to fight for Odysseus by Heracles.
Answer: Philoctetes [or Philoktetes]
[10] This playwright who "Heard it long ago on the Aegean" wrote Philoctetes in addition to a trilogy about some dude named Oedipus.
Answer: Sophocles
[10] This Sophocles drama also features Heracles, who gives Deianara a tablet about how he wants his estate to be divvied up. Deianara inadvertently kills Heracles in an attempt to regain his love.
Answer: The Women of Trachis [accept Trachinai]
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This event came about after a 1290 edict that followed a 1275 statute. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this event that followed a crackdown on coin-clippers.
Answer: the expulsion of the Jews from England [or from Britain; accept Edict of Expulsion; prompt on expulsion of the Jews; since the UK and Great Britain didn't come about `til later, England or Britain is the only acceptable country]
[10] This long-shanked king and successor of Henry III expelled the Jews from England.
Answer: Edward I [prompt on Edward Longshanks]
[10] Edward I's son, the future Edward II, became the first Prince of Wales following England's conquest of the Welsh that resulted in this Statute that incorporated Wales into Britain.
Answer: Statute of Rhuddlan
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Identify the following regions of the brain-stem, for 10 points each.,
[10] This is the large mass of white and grey matter attached to the dorsal surface of the brain-stem. It is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements and regulating balance. Its name also means "little brain."
Answer: cerebellum
[10] This crescent shaped structure is degraded in Parkinson's disease and it lies dorsal to the cerebral peduncles. It is closely connected to the basal ganlia and is important in motor control.
Answer: substantia nigra
[10] This is the collection of nuclei that along the midline of the brainstem regulates sleep and arousal. It is known for its fabric like appearance.
Answer: Reticular Formation
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According to the MoMA, the title animal of this painting may just be a "veiled depiction of Maria Franck." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painting whose title animal is lifting up her rear legs and probably letting out a giant moo, as she "frolicks" in a rather red landscape.
Answer: The Yellow Cow
[10] This artist painted The Yellow Cow in addition to painting several pictures of horses and other animals. Works of his include Cheerful Forms, Playing Forms, Forms in Combat, and Broken Forms.
Answer: Franz Marc
[10] Franz Marc founded Der Blaue Reiter along with this official Russian artist of Andrew Hart's basement. He painted the group's namesake painting, whose other works include Yellow, Red, Blue and a series of several Compositions.
Answer: Wassily Kandinsky
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The speaker claims that the subtitular memories are "shadowy recollections" that are a "master light." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem that begins: "There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream / The earth, and every common sight / To me did seem / Apparelled in celestial light."
Answer: "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood"
[10] This poem by that same Wordsworth dude who wrote "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" talks of a single "highland lass" who is singing to herself.
Answer: "The Solitary Reaper"
[10] Wordsworth also wrote a poem about returning to this structure along the Wye that his sister Dorothy had previously visited.
Answer: Tintern Abbey [if someone starts saying the full name, just stop them when they say "Tintern Abbey"]
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It is a verbal act determined by reinforcement or deprivation. For example, if Chris Ray says "candy" and is rewarded with candy, it is likely that he will say "candy" the next time he desires candy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this "crazy" verbal operant which was first described, along with echoics, tacts, audience relations, textuals, and intraverbals, in 1957's Verbal Behavior.
Answer: the mand [or mands; accept and "mand," was it crazy]
[10] Other accomplishments of this author of Verbal Behavior include writing Walden Two and inventing a namesake "box" that he used to study operant conditioning.
Answer: Burrhus Frederic Skinner
[10] In this work, somewhat of a sequel to Walden Two, Skinner described the need for a "technology of human behavior" and claimed that people do bad things because they are rewarded for it and that social engineering can replace bad with good.
Answer: Beyond Freedom & Dignity
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Albert Judd leads a mutiny against this character. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German botanist who moves to Australia, determined to cross the continent. After his death, Laura Trevelyan makes him into a legend in her role as a teacher.
Answer: Johann Ulrich Voss [accept Voss]
[10] Voss is the title character of a novel by this Australian author, who also documented Hurtle Duffield Courtney's struggles as an artist in The Vivisector.
Answer: Patrick White
[10] Though Voss and The Vivisector are White's best-known quizbowl works, in the real world he's probably best-known for this novel in which Miss Hare owns a house named Xanadu, Mordecai Himmelfarb escapes the Holocaust, and Alf Dubbo is an aborigine painter.
Answer: Riders in the Chariot
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It has thermal and kinematic components, the former of which is attributed to the high temperature of the ionized electrons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this effect which occurs due to the inverse Compton scattering of CMB photons passing through galactic clusters or regions.
Answer: Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect
[10] This effect causes a redshift or blueshift of CMB photons because of a time varying gravitational potential well that those photons pass through. As a result of this, photons coming out of a potential well lose less energy than they gained coming into the well.
Answer: Rees-Sciama effect [or integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect]
[10] The intensity of the CMBR is lower in a region of the spectrum named for these two dudes, who name some law for blackbody radiation which fits low frequencies very well but results in the ultraviolet catastrophe for high frequencies.
Answer: Rayleigh-Jeans [or John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh [accept either] and Sir James Hopwood Jeans]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Since Matt Weiner can't bomb Japan, name some attempts by Japan to bomb Matt Weiner, for 10 points each.,
[10] Perhaps mistaking the fortifications for Matt Weiner's head, a Japanese submarine attempted to shell this fort in Oregon, the only time that a mainland US military installation was attacked during World War II.
Answer: Fort Stevens
[10] This air raid, the first time the mainland United States was ever aerially bombed by a foreign power, involved a Japanese plane dropping incendiary bombs in a forest in Oregon in an attempt to start a forest fire.
Answer: Lookout Air Raid
[10] A battle about as fierce as Matt Weiner's scathing internet forum attacks on anime was fought over the islands of Attu and Kisku, which are located in this island chain, whose namesake state entered the union right before Hawaii.
Answer: Battle of the Aleutian Islands
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man began building the Harimandir at Amritsar, which later became the Golden Temple. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name the first Sikh martyr, this son of Ram Das band compiled the Kartarpur Pothi, but Jahangir ordered his execution. He also started compiling the Guru Granth Sahib.
Answer: Guru Arjun Dev Ji
[10] This man was made a Guru at age five, but Ram Rai opposed his appointment. He died after appearing before Aurangzeb to discuss the but didn't really appoint any successor, and was followed by Guru Teg Bahadur.
Answer: Guru Har(i) Krishan Ji
[10] The son of Tegh Bahadur, this Guru created the Khalsa, and in one tale he slew five Sikhs who were willing to sacrifice themselves for the faith before resurrecting them. He also appointed the Adi Granth to be his successor.
Answer: Guru Gobind Singh [accept Gobind Rai]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his intellectual rivals dubbed "not much of a lawyer, and least of all a philosopher." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German jurist of Elements of Universal Jurisprudence.
Answer: Baron Samuel von Pufendorf
[10] Pufendorf may be best remembered for his tract on the duty of these two title figures; the book theorizes a natural right to liberty and a "common kinship" which results from nature.
Answer: Man and Citizen [prompt on German words]
[10] Pufendorf had a long-standing feud with this philosopher who theorized the principle of sufficient reason and was a big fan of monads.
Answer: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some works that surely line the walls of Hell, for 10 points each.,
[10] This novel sees the narrator send Tina a thousand quid at the end, not realizing he was duped with a worthless portrait of the title poet. Juliana Bordereau basically blackmails the narrator, who is after the correspondence that she had with the title poet.
Answer: The Aspern Papers
[10] Mrs. Grose and the nameless governess in this work realize that Miles and Flora have come under the influence of Miss Jessup and Peter Quint, a couple of GHOOOOOOSTS!
Answer: The Turn of the Screw
[10] Like the previous two novels, this one was written by Henry James. Maggie Verner confides in the hilariously named Mrs. Assingham after her husband doesn't buy the title vessel.
Answer: The Golden Bowl

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