Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_q2gd2nei8lvqrnvj4ph3iunjs4, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Illinois A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A follower of Hans Hut named Hans Romer invoked his participation in this battle when urging his followers to carry on the goals of the Eternal Council. The participants in this battle left Heinrich Pfieffer behind to defend a nearby city, which was also the signing site for eleven articles that set up a new theocracy. One side's leader in this battle is at the center of the largest oil painting in the world, by Werner Tubke. This battle was an enormous bloodbath that saw one side's Landsknechte mercenaries incur as few as six casualties while inflicting as many as ten thousand. This battle featured the army of George, Duke of Saxony and Philipp I of Hesse dominating the forces of Thomas Muntzer. For 10 points, name this 1525 battle in Thuringia, the final blow that quelled the Peasants' War.
Answer: the Battle of Bad Frankenhausen
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The approximate magnitude of this effect is given by a factor equal to the expectation value of the exponential of minus the square of the direct product of the scattering vector and initial scattering center displacement. That factor gives the fraction of scattered particles experiencing this effect and is named for Waller and Debye. Zeeman splitting due to nuclear magnetic fields can be measured by this effect combined with the Doppler effect, a measurement known as its namesake spectroscopy. This effect is a momentum-space analogue of zero-phonon optical emission. It was first observed in solid iridium, which was found to exhibit sharp resonances like gases in x-rays. For 10 points, name this phenomenon in which a certain fraction of gamma rays emitted by atoms in a solid are emitted recoil-free, an effect named for its German discoverer who won the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Answer: the Mossbauer effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel expounds on the differences between Athanasian and Arian sports. Another character loves Karl Barth and claims that the role of ministers is to "burn [sinners] with the force of our belief" in a ridiculous German accent. Besides Fritz Kruppenbach, other characters in this novel include a disgraced former coach who lives in a motel and sets up the protagonist on a date to a Chinese restaurant, and golf enthusiast and soft-sell minister; those characters are Marty Tothero and Jack Eccles. In this novel, the baby Rebecca June is drowned in a bathtub because her mother is drunk. The protagonist cheats on his wife Janice with Ruth Leonard, and starts out as a Magi-Peel salesman. For 10 points, identify this first in a series of four novels about former basketball star Harry Angstrom, by John Updike.
Answer: Rabbit, Run
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One YouTube video depicting this game shows a man nicknamed "The Nigerian Nightmare" leaving carnage in his wake. The sequel to this game for third-generation consoles had the subtitle "Final Edition." This game's opening animation showed the skyline of a city at dusk as the camera pans downward. An unsuccessful fourth-generation sequel to this game has a cover with a blurry ball hitting a blurry player, while the cover of this game itself asks whether you can reach the title place and sees third word of the title used to mostly cover a logo. A DS adaptation of this game subtitled "Kickoff" is due out this fall. The first sports game with both licensed team and player names, it also saw an expansion to 11-on-11, from the 9-on-9 of its predecessor, which notoriously contained an x-factor that led to a badly broken Bo Jackson. For 10 points, identify this NFL Football game for the NES, SNES, and Genesis.
Answer: Tecmo Super Bowl [do not accept Tecmo Bowl]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One doctrine in interpreting this legislation has been subject to the so-called "Quick Look" modification, which partially shifts the burden of pleading. The aforementioned doctrine is in line with the ideas of George Hoar, this law's part-author, and states that only unreasonable situations are governed; it is appropriately known as the Rule of Reason. This law was necessitated by an annovation of C.T. Dodd. The imprecision of definitions in this law was exploited by the defendant in U.S. v. Grinnell and has partially led Alan Greenspan to liken it to an abortionist. A 1914 addendum extended the right to sue to those harmed by the activities of parties breaking this law. For 10 points, identify this piece of competitive law legislation bolstered by the Clayton Act, that sought to limit the power of cartels and monopolies.
Answer: the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 [prompt on Sherman Act]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first synthesis of a molecule with this property was performed by Herges et al. A Polish group synthesized a compound which contains para-phenylene rings attached to a porphyrin group that is able to rapidly interconvert between this property and a similar property. A set of rules formulated by Dewar and Zimmerman that include this property can be considered a form of the Woodward Hoffman rules that take it into account. This concept was first introduced by Heilbronner, who showed that it can arise when n atomic orbitals are each at an angle of pi over n with respect to the ring, and it is only possessed by systems which have 4n pi electrons, which violates Huckels rule. For 10 points, identify this property possessed by certain organic molecules which lack planarity, and is named for some mathematician with a one dimensional strip.
Answer: Mobius aromaticity [prompt on aromaticity until "Heilbronner;" prompt on "Huckel aromaticity" until "a similar property"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Bargello museum is located in this city, which also contains the Santo Spirito Basilica and the cathedral of San Lorenzo. Calcio Storico is traditionally played here, and this city is also home to the Explosion of the Cart celebration. The current mayor of this city was initially arrested, and then fined for ordering trees to be cut down to build its tram system, and has also sued Wikipedia for slander and libel; his name is Leonardo Domenici. The hills around this city include Poggio Imperiale and Carreggi, and are collectively called the Senese Clavey Hills. A bridge over the river running through it contains an elevated corridor to the Palazzo Pitti and is called the Ponte Vecchio. For 10 points, identify this city on the Arno historically ruled by the Medicis, the capital of Tuscany.
Answer: Florence, Italy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Classification schemes for these entities include ones proposed in 2003 by Krot, and in 2006 by Weisberg, which both attempt to explain reclassify "primitive" types. Some of these entities exhibit the distinctive Thompson microstructure, which manifests itself as the Widmanstatten pattern. Another subclass of these objects is typified by extensive recrystalization; notable traceable examples include the so-called HED and SNC clans, which contain examples named for Diogenes of Apollonia and Shergotty. These entities are likely responsible for the formation of tektites. In addition to the Pallasites and achondrites, these objects include the chondrites. These rocks are conventionally superclassified into stony, iron, or stony-iron categories. For 10 points, name these objects, the remnants of rocks from space that have landed on Earth.
Answer: meteorites [grudgingly accept meteoroids or meteors]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A dog in this novel licks the tears from a woman's face, which earns it the nickname "dog of tears." This novel begins with an old man coming to a stop at a traffic light and refusing to begin again, causing a passerby to drive the man home. While some characters are stuck in a hospital, a gang led by a man with a gun forces them to pay for food, and forces the women to submit to rape, although a doctor's wife stabs them with scissors and sets fire to their barracks, allowing her to lead the patients to her home. The characters in this novel have no proper names, but some of the protagonists include "the boy with the squint," "the girl with the dark glasses," and the central eye doctor, all of whom are quarantined and band together after being stricken with the title condition. For 10 points, identify this novel about not being able to see, by Jose Saramago.
Answer: Blindness [or Ensaio sobre a cegueira; or Essay on Blindness]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the leadup to this conflict, one side failed to renew the Bilateral Treaty on Immigration, in no small part due to anger over the increased presence of one side's shoemakers in the other's capital city. The National Conciliation Party won a victory in elections following this conflict after Fidel Sanchez Hernandez apologized for his role in it. The creation of FENAGH spurred on one side of this conflict, which saw one side's leader Oswaldo Lopez Arellano provided weapons by Anastacio Somoza. This conflict saw the last battle between propeller planes, and it was spurred when a political party was created by the United Fruit Company. Also known as the hundred-hour war, for 10 points, name this Central American conflict that saw rioting at subsequent sporting matches between Honduras and El Salvador.
Answer: the Soccer War [or Football War; or Guerra del Futbol; accept 100-Hour War early]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Three men in hats stand with their backs to the viewer in a painting of one of these by Caillebotte dominated by the color blue and set in Paris. Van Gogh's Japonaiserie series includes one of these "in the rain." Seurat painted one at Courbevoie and one of these also painted by Van Gogh can be seen in front of some smokestacks in the background of Seurat's Bathers at Asnieres. Canaletto depicted the Rialto one, while Hokusai did a series of "View of Famous" ones, which inspired Whistler's Nocturn in Blue and Gold, subtitled after the "Battersea" one. Pissarro's treatment of one of these shows a spreading willow tree, a busy park square with an equestrian monument, and the "Neuf" one in the background. A rabbit scampers away from an oncoming train on the deck of one in Turner's Rain, Steam, and Speed. For 10 points, name these structures that also name a German expressionist movement that involves Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller.
Answer: bridges
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Kucklick and Robinson both worked to extend this thinker's "general science of order" in collecting his "Logical Essays." This person aimed to solve the problem of evil using so-called process theism by rejecting the idea of God as other in "The Problem of Job." One central work of this writer argues that a commitment to self-consciously asserted will is the root of all morality, an assertion that forms the basis for his anti-Nietzschian theory of community. In addition to writing The Philosophy of Loyalty, this man argued that the title issue is "In what sense, if any, can the modern man consistently be? a Christian?" in another work, a condensation his 1913 Hibbert lectures; those are respectively The World and the Individual and The Problem of Christianity. For 10 points, name this foremost American exponent of absolute idealism.
Answer: Josiah Royce
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One offspring of this deity was the namesake of a town whose residents were proverbially stupid due to the sea air and that was founded after the offspring in question was devoured by horses because he fell asleep. Besides Abderus, this god's other children include one he fathered on either Aglaulus or Pandrosus, the herald Ceryx, while the Romans held this god and Carmenta to be the parents of Evander. He fathered another herald who had perfect memory even after death, the Argonaut Aethalides, and another of his offspring attempted to rape the nymph Lotis, but tragically failed. Yet another of this god's sons fathered Iambe on Pan and turned Syrinx into his namesake pipes. This father of Priapus and Pan also created a namesake half-man half-woman with Aphrodite. For 10 points, identify this Olympian deity, who carried the caduceus and helped out Perseus by lending him his famous pair of winged sandals.
Answer: Hermes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Long falsely attributed to this person were two cantatas of Lovies Busbetzky and two keyboard suites of Nicolas Lebegue. This musician's own 19 keyboard suites visit every key except B. This late practitioner of the stylus fantasticus was pictured along with Theile and Reincken playing the viola da gamba in Johannes Voorhout's Domestic Music Scene. His 3 variations on Lully's aria "Rofilis" have proven less germinal than his widely performed 32 G major variations on "La Capricciosa." This man took up the mantel of Franz Tunder and presided over the height of Abendmusik as music director of the Lubeck Marienkirche, while his cantata cycles include Was frag ich nach der Welt and Membra Jesu Nostri. For 10 points, name this Danish-German composer and organist, perhaps best known today for J.S. Bach's long journey by foot to hear him play.
Answer: Dieterich Buxtehude
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote a play about McClean, a freshman congressman who hates Washington and who is entangled in grafts involving his fiance's father, as well as one about Van Van Dorn, who is determined not to sell the titular mountain peak. He wrote a play in which the title character's ghost appears to Henry VIII after she refuses to annul her marriage. In addition to Both Your Houses, High Tor, and Anne of the Thousand Days, this author adapted Cry, the Beloved Country to the stage and wrote the lyrics for Knickerbocker Holiday. He collaborated with Laurence Stallings on an exposition of the disillusionment of World War II soldiers, and a play in which Mio Romagna attempts to prove his father Bartolmeo's innocence, an adaptation of the Sacco and Venzetti trials. For 10 points, identify this author of Winterset and What Price Glory?
Answer: James Maxwell Anderson [accept John Nairne Michaelson]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A function named for this person was the subject of the Polya conjecture and oscillates infinitely often. This scientist names the measure that is the product the differentials of a Hamiltonian system's coordinates, and a theorem named for him says that the integral of that measure is constant, which implies that the phase space density is constant for a Hamiltonian system. The numbers named for this thinker are transcendental, but arbitrarily close to rationals. A better-known result due to this mathematician which is often used to prove the fundamental theorem of algebra, states that bounded, analytic functions are constant. This man proved the completeness as basis of the solutions to the equation for which he is best known as second namesake. For 10 points, name this mathematician best known as the second namesake of a second-order differential eigenvalue problem along Jacques Sturm.
Answer: Joseph Liouville
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character of this novel was born when her mother assisted a snake-bit Indian man who impregnated her and ran away. This novel ends by noting that the reader gets to decide whether the title character's love wears out, or goes on forever. The protagonist befriends a cook named Elvira and a transsexual named Mimi. The protagonist dumps a bunch of shit from an ornate chamber pot over a cabinet minister's head, and finds love after becoming Comandante Rogelio's mistress. One section talks about a hare-lipped Turk named Riad Halabi, whose wife Zulema seduces his cousin Kamel, and then kills herself. The title character eventually finds love with an Austrian boy named Rolf Carle after becoming a successful television scriptwriter. For 10 points, name this semi-autobiographical novel by Isabel Allende.
Answer: Eva Luna
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This amino acid is found on the active site of the E1, E2, and E3 enzymes involved in polyubiquitination. The domain between the L1 and L2 domains of the Insulin growth factor-Insulin receptor are rich in residues of this amino acid, while the n-acetyl modified variety of this amino acid is an antioxidant, and is used in treating acetaminophen poisoning. Compounds that are being tested to treat conditions like Chagas disease inhibit a protease with this amino acid at its active site, and those proteases are exemplified by caspases and papain. The termination codon UGA sometimes encodes for a selenium containing variant of this amino acid, which is synthesized from serine and a similarly named compound and it exists as a dimer in oxidizing environments, containing a disulfide bond. For 10 points, identify this amino acid, which, along with methionine has sulfur in its side chain.
Answer: cysteine [accept cys]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The plan for this clash was doomed after forces for one side were crushed about a month before at La Roche-aux-Moines, which prevented their stirring up expected local revolts. In the aftermath of this battle, one of the defeated commanders was promptly restricted to his original domain of Brunswick. The aggressors counted on the support of the rebellious Ferrand of Portugal and Renaud of Dammartin, both of whom were captured in the wake of this battle, which contributed to the appointment of Frederick II as Otto IV was crushed and narrowly escaped with his freedom. The winning side was able to assert its claim to large chunks of Norman and Angevin. A decisive victory by the French over the Flemish and Germans, for 10 points, identify this July, 1214 battle which allowed Philip II Augustus to assert control over France and led in part to King John's granting the Magna Carta.
Answer: the Battle of Bouvines
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author begins one of his works by discussing the difference between the New and Old Left in the context of student demonstrations in the "The Problem of Violence" and argues it is possible to eliminate "surplus repression" in "The End of Utopia." This thinker attacked Richard Nixon in his work "Watergate", and in another work, he argued that society should transform quantitative into qualitative change. In addition to Liberation from the Affluent Society, this author of Repressive Tolerance argued that an "economic whip" served as an instrument of repression for sexual desires in a work of his subtitled "A Philosophical Enquiry Into Freud," while in another work, he argued that the ideology of industrialism produces false consciousness. For 10 points, identify this sociologist, who wrote Eros and Civilization and One Dimensional Man.
Answer: Herbert Marcuse
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
TB. Both Hugh Dalton and Stafford Cripps tried to replace this man with his Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, but both attempts failed when Bevin refused to cooperate. Some of the changes made during this man's tenure were the repeal of the Trades Disputes Act and the creation of the National Park system. Under the terms of a trade agreement, this man allowed Soviets access to some jet engines. Some of the aspirations laid out in the Beveridge Report were fulfilled when the National Health Service was created, but this man was removed from his highest post as a result of Hugh Gaitskell's "Austerity Budget." Under this man, India, Burma, and Ceylon became independent and he attended the Potsdam Conference. For 10 points, name this man, who nationalized the Bank of England, and who both succeeded and preceded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister.
Answer: Clement Attlee
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Illinois A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This series of artworks was influenced by the Toltec-Mayan Chac Mool figure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of statues, examples of which adorn the exteriors of the UNESCO building and the Fitzwilliam Museum.
Answer: Reclining figures [accept Reclining nudes, Reclining women, or similar answers with Reclining in them]
[10] This British sculptor is best-known for his Reclining figures series, as well as a bunch of Mother and Child statues.
Answer: Henry Spencer Moore
[10] This Henry Moore sculpture on the University of Chicago campus is located at Chicago Pile-1, the first atomic reactor. It resembles a mushroom cloud smashed into a skull.
Answer: Nuclear Energy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
So-called classical tests of this theory include measurement of the anomalous perihelion precession of Mercury and the observation of light from stars behind the sun. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this theory of gravity based on the equivalence principle.
Answer: the general theory of relativity [accept GR; prompt on relativity]
[10] A third classical test of general relativity was this experiment, in which gravitationally blueshifted iron-57 photons were made to absorb in a moving iron-57 target.
Answer: the Pound-Rebka experiment [accept names in either order]
[10] Another way to test G.R. is to measure this effect, a corollary of gravitational time dilation, in which a signal going around a mass travels an additional length proportional to the mass's Schwarzchild radius.
Answer: the Shapiro delay effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1989, a member of this entity was elected president of Poland. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this organization that got its start in a Gdansk shipyard and led to the prominence of Lech Walesa.
Answer: Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity [or Solidarnosc]
[10] These series of discussions occurred at a namesake meeting place and saw Minister of Internal Affairs Czeslaw Kiszczak agree to form a Polish Senate and President.
Answer: Round Table Talks [accept Round Table Agreement]
[10] This former editor-in-chief of Solidarity's weekly magazine became the first non-communist PM in the Warsaw Pact states when he was elected the first Prime Minister of the Third Polish Republic in 1989.
Answer: Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This case's plaintiff was named Alonzo, and refused to refund fifteen dollars. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Supreme Court case that ruled that the namesake Alabama man was not personally liable for taking money for work not performed, arguing that this would contradict the Thirteenth Amendment.
Answer: Bailey v. Alabama
[10] This governor of New York and served as Secretary of State for Warren Harding and resigned from his seat on the Supreme Court to lose an election to Woodrow Wilson in 1916. He wrote the majority opinion for Bailey while serving as an Associate justice.
Answer: Charles Evans Hughes
[10] Hughes's term as Chief Justice saw him write the majority opinion for this case, which overturned Adkins v. Children's Hospital and found that Washington's minimum wage law for women was constitutionally valid.
Answer: West Coast Hotel v. Parrish [accept either, and in either order]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author collected her essays in the book Hawai'i One Summer. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this author, who wrote China Man, in addition to a semi-autobiographical novel in which she imagines herself to be Fa Mulan in the section "White Tigers," The Woman Warrior.
Answer: Maxine Hong Kingston [or Maxine Ashley Hong]
[10] Maxine Hong Kingston's only work of fiction is this novel, about Wittman Ah Sing's adventures in San Francisco. It's partially based on the story of Sun Wu Kong.
Answer: Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book
[10] Another Asian-American writer is Amy Tan, who wrote this book about the Chinese-born Kwan and the American-born Olivia, who are half-sisters.
Answer: The Hundred Secret Senses
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its binding affinity is decreased by 2,3-Bisphosphoglycerate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this heterotetrameric protein, whose F8 histidine residue is bound to an iron atom which itself binds to an oxygen atom.
Answer: hemoglobin [accept hb]
[10] This zinc containing metalloenzyme, found in red blood cells, catalyzes the conversion of carbon dioxide and water to a namesake acid.
Answer: carbonic anhydrase
[10] The most abundant plasma protein, this helps maintain osmotic pressure, and in humans is synthesized in the liver. The type found in bovine serum is often used in ELISA assays.
Answer: albumin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about everyone's favorite world tree. No, not the furry pen and paper RPG which features the Zi Ri, a race of "immortal hermaphrodite dragons," Yggdrasil. For 10 points each:,
[10] This corpse-eating resident of Nastrond is one of several serpents who gnaw at the roots of Yggdrasil, the world tree. His name means "Malice Striker."
Answer: Nidhoggr
[10] This well lies beneath the root of Yggdrasil that extends into Asgard. The Aesir are said to hold council here, and it takes its name from one of the figures that are said to come from it, the Norns.
Answer: the Well of Urdr [accept Urdarbrunnr]
[10] This eagle hangs out between the eyes of a hawk at the top of Yggdrasil. His pastimes include sending Ratatosk to deliver insults and gossip to Nidhogg.
Answer: Vedrfolnir [accept Vedrlaufnir]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One chapter in this book discusses the "meaning of meaning it." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this "study in psychoanalysis and history," which examines the title figures "fit in a choir" and noted that he was able to resolve his identity crisis with the help of religious conviction.
Answer: Young Man Luther
[10] This man wrote Young Man Luther, in addition to creating a theory which proposed an 8-stage development pattern. He also wrote Childhood and Society and developed an eight-stage model of psychosocial development.
Answer: Erik Homberger Erikson
[10] Erik Erikson did work on personality, a subject that was also studied by this man, who assisted Leon Festinger in writing When Prophecy Fails. His work on personality culminated in his namesake two-factor theory, which argued that emotion has both physical and cognitive components.
Answer: Stanley Schachter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This battle was fought on the slopes of a volcano near Quito. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this decisive loss for Melchor Aymerich, on May 22, 1822.
Answer: Battle of Pichincha
[10] This man was the victorious commander at Pichincha. He was a loyal deputy of Simon Bolivar and was often called the "Hero of Ayacucho" for his victory there.
Answer: Jose de Sucre y Alcala
[10] In the leadup to Boyaca, Simon Bolivar pulled out a crucial victory at this swamp over Jose Maria Barreiro.
Answer: Vargas Swamp [or Pantano de Vargas]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work is sometimes paired with two letters written to the Morning Chronicle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that holds that life is art and art life, names Christ the forerunner of the Romantics, and dodges accusations lobbed at its author at Clapham Junction.
Answer: De Profundis
[10] In this Oscar Wilde play, Jack wishes to marry Gwendolyn, but she loves him for his fake name, which she thinks is the most beautiful in the world. Jack is also the guardian of Cecily, a young heiress.
Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest
[10] The title group of this Oscar Wilde play is a terrorist group that wants to kill the Czar. The title character becomes one of their assassins and falls in love with Czarevich Alexis.
Answer: Vera: Or, the Nihilists [prompt on the Nihilists]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The rapid rotation of the A star of this system may have been fed by accretion from a recently discovered anomalously low-mass white dwarf companion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this star, the brightest in Leo and dimmest first-magnitude star.
Answer: Regulus [prompt on Alpha Leonis]
[10] Regulus lies very nearly on this plane, defined by the great circle of the apparent motion of the Sun. Because of its proximity to this plane, Regulus is frequently occulted by the Moon and transited by Venus.
Answer: the plane of the ecliptic
[10] The rapid rotation of Regulus A makes observable this effect, in which an oblate star is more luminous near its poles. It can be explained to first order by von Zeipel's theorem.
Answer: gravity brightening [accept gravity darkening]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title clash of this work occurs at bottom center, where a red cart conveys a pale man in blue robes and sandals who aims a basket of fish at his counterpart, who is pushed around on a large barrel of beer and brandishes a skewered pig. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this allegorical work set on a busy plaza outside a church and bar.
Answer: The Battle Between Carnival and Lent [accept close equivalents]
[10] The Battle Between Carnival and Lent is a work of this Dutch master of The Tower of Babel, the apex of a painterly family carried on by his namesake son and his other son Jan.
Answer: Pieter Bruegel the Elder [accept Bruegel the Peasant; prompt on partial answers]
[10] Another busy, allegorical Bruegel work is this one, illustrating over one hundred peasant sayings. It features two naked asses hanging out windows, one belonging to a cheat who is throwing cards onto an awning, the other to a man trapped in a niche of a tower onto which someone is dropping hot coals.
Answer: Netherlandish Proverbs [accept close equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Yevgeny curses a running statue in this poem after it begins to chase him in the streets of St. Petersburg, which occurs after the Neva floods. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this poem.
Answer: "The Bronze Horseman"
[10] Rodgay, Farlaf, and Ratmir are guests at the feast that begins this poem, which celebrates the marriage of the two title characters. One character is the daughter of Prince Vladimir, but she's been abducted by a sorcerer.
Answer: "Ruslan and Ludmila"
[10] The title character of this Pushkin short story is Samson Vryin, who drinks himself to death after Minsky runs off with his daughter Dunya, leaving him abandoned in the title place.
Answer: The Station-Master [or Stantsionnyi smotritel]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The unnamed Lieutenant in this novel rounds up hostages from villages and shoots them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about a whiskey priest with a child in the Tabasco region of Mexico. Padre Jose has been forced to marry a woman by the government, to his distress.
Answer: The Power and the Glory
[10] Graham Greene also wrote this novel, about the author Bendrix and his lover Sarah. Sarah refuses to divorce her husband Henry, and she breaks off the relationship after a V-1 bomb almost kills Bendrix.
Answer: The End of the Affair
[10] Graham Greene wrote a short story called "Across the Bridge," much like Heinrich Boll, whose "Across the Bridge" begins this collection of "Rubble Literature" short stories.
Answer: Traveller, If You Come to Spa [or Wanderer, kommst du nach Spa; accept close English equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Fakhr is on hajj in Mecca in 930 CE. Answer the following about Fakhr's experience, for 10 points each.,
[10] Fakhr's hajj is being largely ruined by this millennial Ismaili sub-sect, which has established a republic in Bahrain and invaded Mecca as part of a revolt against the Abbasids.
Answer: the Qarmatians [or Qarmati or Qaramitah]
[10] Fakhr is especially distraught that the Qarmatians stole this Muslim relic, which Fakhr, like all Muslims until recently, was to kiss during each tawaf around the Kabba.
Answer: the Black Stone of Mecca [or al-Hajar al-Aswad]
[10] Fakhr's hajj is further spoiled by the Qarmatians having thrown dead bodies into this sacred well, which Fakhr has meant to visit like all hajjis.
Answer: the Well of Zamzam
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
First implemented in the IAS machine, this architecture separates the memory from the CPU, in contrast with the Harvard Architecture. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this stored-program computer architecture, a significant improvement over ENIAC's fixed-program structure.
Answer: the von Neumann architecture
[10] John Backus' lecture "Can Programming Be Liberated from the von Neumann Style?" criticized this namesake feature of the von Neumann architecture, which is caused by the limited bandwidth between the CPU and memory.
Answer: the von Neumann bottleneck
[10] The von Neumann architecture can be considered one implementation of the universal form of these theoretical computers, originally idealized as a read/write head operating according to a symbol table and with a register on an infinite tape.
Answer: Turing machines
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
You might be surprised to hear that Norman Mailer, Woody Allen, Molly Ringwold, and Peter Sellars appear in this film. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this film in which Sellars stars as "William Shakespere Junior the Fifth," who is trying to rewrite the title play after all culture is lost in the Chernobyl meltdown.
Answer: King Lear
[10] King Lear was directed by this New Wave Frenchman, who appears as Professor Pluggy, repeatedly Xeroxing his own hand. He also directed Bonjour Tristesse and Vivre sa vie.
Answer: Jean-Luc Godard
[10] This other Godard film makes liberal use of jump cuts and a handheld camera. It sees Michel steal a car, shoot a policeman, and hang out with his newspaper-huckster girlfriend before getting shot trying to escape his life sentence.
Answer: Breathless [or A Bout de souffle; or Out of Breath]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Spanish-American war was a splendid little war. For 10 points each:,
[10] This then-Ambassador to England and later Secretary of State wrote to Theodore Roosevelt that the conflict had been "A splendid little war." He was the architect of the Open Door policy and wrote some Pike County Ballads.
Answer: John Milton Hay
[10] Proposed by its namesake to ensure that the United States did not colonize Cuba, this "amendment" was a response to McKinley's "War Message" and stated that the United States could militarily occupy, but not control, Cuba.
Answer: the Teller Amendment
[10] Congress passed an excise tax on this activity to pay for the war, then forgot to repeal the tax for about a hundred years. A book related to this activity was at the center of the landmark copyright case Feist v. Rural.
Answer: making telephone calls [accept obvious equivalents; accept long distance phone calls]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Consisting of nine pieces including "The Vagabond" and "I Have Trod the Upward and Downward Slope," this piece was largely orchestrated by a later assistant to the composer, Roy Douglas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this song cycle, a setting of poems by Robert Louis Stevenson, highlighted by "Whither Must I Wander?"
Answer: Songs of Travel, song cycle for voice & piano (or orchestra)
[10] This composer of the Songs of Travel set to music many other works by authors from his native British Isles, including The Pilgrim's Progress, Five Mystical Songs, and On Wenlock Edge.
Answer: Ralph Vaughan Williams [neither accept nor prompt on partial answers]
[10] Among Vaughan Williams' most beloved works is a Fantasia on a Theme of this much earlier composer, a collaborator of William Byrd known for his Spem in Alium.
Answer: Thomas Tallis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hippias and Prodicus are among the people in this work. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Socratic dialogue that features Socrates debating a sophist regarding whether or not virtue can be taught.
Answer: the Protagoras
[10] The Protagoras contains an implied recitation of this other Platonic dialogue, in which characters like Aristophanes and Alcibiades talk about the nature of love.
Answer: the Symposium
[10] Socrates debates the nature of courage with two generals, the title character and Nicias, in this dialogue. Socrates shoots down their ideas that courage is "perseverance of the soul" and "knowledge of future good and evil."
Answer: the Laches [prompt on Courage]

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_q2gd2nei8lvqrnvj4ph3iunjs4, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0