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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Chicago Roast Beef Icee
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this work has "Negroid" lips, and another character believes that "two halves must unite" to form H2O. This work's main character has a dream in which he has uncomfortable sex with an old wooden chair. Late in this work, a new procedure is invented involving triple x-ray cauterization of a nodule near the pons Varolii. The protagonist hates the sight of his own hands, which he considers shaggy and apelike, and which may signal that one of his ancestors came from beyond the Green Wall, and was thus a loser of the Two Hundred Years' War. Near the end of this novel, the protagonist watches as the Benefactor places several people in the Gas Bell, including the protagonist's former lover, I-330. For 10 points, name this novel focusing on D-503, Builder of the Integral, a dystopian satire by Yevgeny Zamyatin.
Answer: We [or My]
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He described Jesus as an "adolescent superman" in his work Jesus, the Christ, in the Light of Psychology. He was inspired by Haeckel to formulate a theory of recapitulation which holds that child development mirrors the history of mankind, a view he put forth in a work which was criticized by Thorndike as "chock full of errors, masturbation and Jesus." At age 78 he published the first large-scale study of the psychological issues of old age, Senescence, which was a follow-up to his earlier Adolescence. He earned the U.S.'s first PhD in psychology, and founded the US's first psychology lab and journal. For 10 points, name this man who invited Jung and Freud to give lecture series in 1909 while serving as first president of Clark University, and who organized and served as first president of the American Psychological Association.
Answer: Granville Stanley Hall
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This man was swayed by Justice Brennan's argument that Brown v. Allen provided a precedent, writing a one-line concurrence and casting the swing vote in Irvin v. Dodd. He was the only Justice to hold that school prayer did not violate the constitution in Engel v. Vitale. A replacement for Harold Burton, he wrote a pro-privacy concurrence in Roe v. Wade, despite joining with Hugo Black to dissent in the case that established the right to privacy, Griswold v. Connecticut. In a concurrence, he held that screenings of the film The Lovers could not be constitutionally halted, although he conceded that the Court in related cases was faced with the issue of defining "what may be undefinable." For 10 points, what Supreme Court Justice said in Jacobellis v. Ohio that while obscenity could not be defined, he would know it when he saw it?
Answer: Potter Stewart
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One painting shows the artist as this character clasping a young lady on a white sheet, and was painted shortly after the artist's model Wally left him. Another painting shows him holding an arrow and peering through an open door while the other title character ignores an angel in favor of a purse, and a third painting shows him herding people through a trap door marked with a cross. In another painting, a cobra watches him riding the wrong way around a racetrack, and an engraving shows him holding an hourglass while the first title character steadfastly ignores him and the pig-snouted third title character. For 10 points, name this character who was depicted by Bosch with "the Miser," by Schiele with "the Maiden," by Durer with a knight and a devil, and by Ryder "on a Pale Horse."
Answer: Death
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This symbol denotes a particle predicted by Jaffe to be strongly bound with respect to two lambda hyperons, a hypothetical stable dibaryon. It also designates the expectation value of the log of the velocity distribution function, a quantity that appears in a statement that inspired Loschmidt's paradox. That theorem holds that the quantity associated with this symbol decreases for an ideal gas undergoing an irreversible process, thus proving the second law of thermodynamics. Another quantity designated by this letter combines with the universal gravitational constant and the speed of light to give units of mass, length and time named for the quantity's namesake. For 10 points, name this letter associated with a theorem of Boltzmann whose lower-case form denotes the ratio between energy and frequency of a photon, a constant named for Planck.
Answer: H [or h]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This person finds the odor of flowers oppressive, and only likes certain sounds from stringed instruments. This character's creations include a guitar improvisation on Reissiger's "The Last Waltz of Von Weber" and a strangely-lit painting of the interior of a tunnel or vault. He sings of "Spirits moving musically / To a lute's well-tuned law" seen "Through two luminous windows" giving way to "Vast forms" moving "fantastically / To a discordant melody" in a ballad whose recitation leads him to confess that he believes his home is sentient, in part because it is reflected in a tarn; that ballad is called "The Haunted Palace." During a reading of Sir Launcelot Canning's "Mad Trist" he confesses that he has known for many days that his cataleptic twin sister Madeline was buried alive. For 10 points, name this man whose house falls in a story by Poe.
Answer: Roderick Usher [accept either name]
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The last ruler of this polity died when his heart disappeared after a mysterious huckster advertised cheap, stemless cabbages, according to the novel Fengshen Yanyi. One of its capitals was at Zhengzhou, while its last capital was located at Yinxu, near modern Anyang. One ruler of this dynasty, Di Xin, immolated himself and his palace after the disastrous defeat at Muye. A later prince of this dynasty, Jizi, founded a kingdom in Korea, while other descendants of its rulers continued to rule the state of Song, based around its first capital. Seeing the prominence of a supreme god known as Di, it is known for elaborate bronze working, and its history is largely based on numerous oracle bones. Finally overthrown by the emperor Wu, and beginning when Tang deposed Jie, the last emperor of the Xia dynasty, for 10 points, identify this Chinese dynasty, which proceeded the Zhou.
Answer: Shang dynasty [prompt on Yin dynasty]
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These functionalities can be quantitatively detected using Ellman's reagent, and they are produced from aromatic compounds containing para amino and chloro groups by the Herz reaction. They can also be produced by acid hydrolysis of Bunte salts. Like their oxidation products, they produce hydrocarbons in the presence of Raney nickel with no additional hydrogen gas. Like their oxygen-containing counterparts, they can react via a mechanism similar to Williamson synthesis, though they were earlier known for their ability to complex with a mercury atom instead of the hydrogen atom. For 10 points, name these compounds that are oxidized to disulfides, the sulfur-containing analog of alcohols.
Answer: thiols [or mercaptans until "mercury"; accept sulfhydryl]
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In one of this man's works, the titular heavenly nymph writes a love-stanza on a birch leaf and turns into a vine upon entering a forbidden grove after being cursed out of Paradise for messing up her part in a celestial drama. Another of his works describes several famous sites between a peak where an attendant of the god of wealth has been exiled and his wife's home in the magical city of Alaka. In a third work by this author, the title character bears a son whose hands show wheel marks, but a sage's curse causes her husband to forget her until he sees a ring he gave her. For 10 points, name this man who wrote the play Urvashi, the poem The Cloud Messenger, and the drama The Recognition of Shakuntala, a notable Sanskrit poet.
Answer: Kalidasa
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The type III version of this protein, which is only found in archaea, uses the substrate generated by the isomerization of a compound obtained dephophorylation of AMP by the deoA protein. It is inhibited by the substrate analog CA1P and may be degraded by the fungal toxin victorin. This protein found in pyrenoids adopts the shape of a square prism, and sees the formation of an enediol intermediate. Its active site contains a magnesium ion bound to a lysine that has been carbamylated by a namesake activase. Its reaction products can act as substrates for phosphoglycerate kinase or glycolate phosphatase. Kranz anatomy is exhibited by organisms that use PEP carboxylase instead of this protein in their mesophyll cells. For 10 points, name this enzyme that can use either oxygen or carbon dioxide as a substrate in the Calvin cycle and is notably inefficient and abundant in plants.
Answer: Rubisco [or ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase; or RuBP carboxylase-oxygenase]
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This ruler gave a golden umbrella to the shrine of the eternal flame at Jwalamukhi. His successor installed a "golden chain of justice" with 60 bells that could be pulled to gain an audience, and he married Jodhaa Bai, the widow of a general that helped him defeat Hemu. He employed the vizier Abu'l-Fazl and the poet Faizi, two of his Nava Ratnas or "Nine Gems" along with his witty grand vizier Birbal. He won an important victory alongside his general Bayram Khan at the second battle of Panipat. He was the focus of Din-i-Ilahi, a syncretic personality cult, and he abolished the Hindu pilgrimage tax and the jizya. Coming to the throne after some nefarious library stairs killed his father Humayun, for 10 points, name this religiously tolerant third Mughal emperor.
Answer: Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar [accept Akbar the Great; or Akbar-e-azam]
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Horns quote a portion of a plainchant Credo in this work's second portion, and later in it an organ plays the beginning of the Magnificat. The second section opens with the cello and double pass, and a violin solo features in its "Dance Song" section. Hearing this work caused Bartok to devote his life to composition, and its penultimate movement culminates in a waltz, which transition through a series of chimes into the final Night-Wanderer's song. A fugue for low instruments begins its section, "Of Science", while the satiety motif appears first in its "Of Joys and Passions" section. Featuring the Rising World, or "World Riddle" motive C-G-C, for 10 points, identify this tone poem about the founder of a dualistic religion, composed by Richard Strauss, which is based on a work by Nietzche.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra [or Thus Spake Zarathustra; or Thus Spoke Zarathustra]
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The plural of this word appears in the title of a Jean Rhys story collection which claims that they "Are Better-Looking." The singular is the name of Arthur Gordon Pym's dog and the first title word of a novel focusing on Confederate soldier Phillip Sterling. Three sad or trapped ones title a Guillermo Cabrera Infante novel, and the daughter of one titles Bharati Mukherjee's debut novel. The singular is the final title word of a story continued in "The Discourager of Hesitancy," and the first title word of Sidney Lanier's sole novel. One is the title character of a poem that mentions a time "When the stars threw down their spears, / And watered heaven with their tears." For 10 points, name this creature which appears as one title alternative of a Frank Stockton story along with "the Lady," and is said to be "burning bright / In the forests of the night" in a William Blake poem.
Answer: tigers [or tygers, I suppose]
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Prince Poniatowski was appointed marshal during this battle only to be killed while retreating behind the Weisse Eslter later in it. Marhsal MacDonald was attacked at Liebertwolkwitz and Wachau and subsequent fighting there saw the formation of a grand battery by Drouot. The fighting at Mochern lasted well into the night of the first day, and the second day saw the arrival of 145,000 allied reinforcements, including the troops of Mashal Bernadotte. Nine hours of fighting on the third day saw the defection of 5,400 Saxons to the allied and forced the loser to withdraw while Oudinot engaged in street to street fighting in the namesake city. Seeing the promotion of General Blucher to Field Marshall, for 10 points, identify this battle in Napoleon was driven from a namesake German city, effectively ending the presence of the French Empire accross the Rhine, and leading to Napoleon's exile to Elba.
Answer: the Battle of Leipzig, or the Battle of the Nations
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Walls and towers around this structure were destroyed by Antiochus Eupator, and the remnants of one of its gates are known as Robinson's Arch. Julian the Apostate planned reconstruction work on it, and a large renovation began on it 19 B.C. by a ruler who had previously besieged it while deposing the nephew of Hyrcanus. Those renovations were conducted using only Cohanim as laborers. One of its interior walls is replaced by a curtain, and Pompey made a noted entrance into it in 63 BCE, while Antiochus IV looted it in 169 BCE. Zerubabbel began the construction work on it with a grant from Cyrus the Great, and it features prominently in the book Ezra. Destroyed by the troops of Titus on the 9th of Av in 70 CE, for 10 points, identify this structure central to religious life in Jerusalem, replacing an earlier structure built by Solomon.
Answer: the Second Temple [prompt on Jewish Temple, Jerusalem Temple, etc. and also prompt on the Temple of Zerubabbel]
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Danto's concept of its namesake "world" inspired Dickie's creation of the "institutional theory" of it. Like festivals, it is associated with "autonomous" or "fulfilled" time in an essay by Gadamer whose subtitle identifies it with play, symbol and festival. Another essay argued that its basis shifted from "aura" to politics with the development of forms that lack any concept of an authentic original. Dewey discussed it in chapters on "Having an Experience" and "The Expressive Object" in a work on it "as Experience." Plato said it was "thrice removed from the truth" and held that it should be banned from the Republic, identifying it with mimesis. For 10 points, name this entity whose "work" was discussed "in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" in an essay by Benjamin that focuses particularly on photography and film.
Answer: art
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This man designed the main building of a museum from Texas Shell Stone, and over the course of forty years, also designed two major additions to that structure. In addition to the Amon Carter Museum, his other designs include a building consisting of what he termed "zogs," and, with one of his collaborators, an elliptical building with a red granite and gray steel exterior, the "Lipstick Building." The two inclined towers of the Puerta de Europa and the Crystal Cathedral were designed with his partner John Burgee. He also designed an oddly shaped red building he called "Da Monsta," and a tower dedicated to Lincoln Kirstein to go with a brick guest house and another structure whose interior contains a brick tower containing the bathrooms and consists of walls of grey steel and glass. For 10 points, name this architect of the Glass House who collaborated with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe on the Seagram Building.
Answer: Philip Cortelyou Johnson
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One of these offered protection from plague when it was buried in one of the three fortunate interments, while another enjoys drinking water from the horn Gjoll. The first presided over seven years of feasting at Harlech, sharing entertainment duties with the birds of Rhiannon, while Apollo petrified a pair of snakes before they could attack a third example of these, which prophesied for a time at Lemnos. The previous owner of the first mutilated some horses after Matholwch married his sister. The second was preserved in herbs after Honir's indecisiveness infuriated the Vanir, and traded a drink from its namesake well for Odin's eye. The third sang sadly while it floated down the River Hebrus after a band of Maenads separated it from its original host. For 10 points, name these items which kept making noise even after Bran, Mimir and Orpheus suffered decapitation.
Answer: talking heads [accept equivalents, even stuff like severed heads which doesn't specify that the heads remained at least partially animate for a while afterwards]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Henry Stommel proposed a model for their internal movement regulated by the "western boundary." The NASA/CNES TOPEX/Poseidon satellite confirmed that they are home to phenomena that result in a variable forcing. Wallace Broecker's box model pointed to increased amount of silicon in one of them to localize where upwelling occurs within them, and they are the medium for non-dispersive waves named after Kelvin. Helix circulation named after Langmuir results when wind blows over their surfaces, and wind also interacts with the Coriolis force to form Ekman spirals in them. Temperature changes in them cause El Ninyo. For 10 points, name these bodies affected by thermohaline circulation, which causes currents like the Humboldt and Gulf Stream to form in them.
Answer: the oceans [prompt on currents; accept ocean currents; no other answers are acceptable or promptable]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like the demonic Babi, this god was associated with an animal whose form he assumed while soothing an angry goddess who had taken the form of a lion, as recounted in the myth of the Distant Goddess. That animal form also links him with Khonsu, a god who shared one of this deity's roles. He was sometimes said to navigate the Boat of Millions, and after winning a game of draughts he created the intercalary days, allowing the birth of Osiris and Osiris's siblings. In the underworld he appeared as the god of equilibrium, the baboon A'an. He was sometimes said to be the father or husband of Seshat, the goddess of papyrus and wisdom. For 10 points, name this divine arbiter and husband of Hathor, the patron of scribes and Egyptian god of magic and science, who was typically depicted with the head of an ibis.
Answer: Thoth [accept Djehuti or Zehuti]
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These members have a structure that can be impendent or coterminant with a fringe around their lower side known as a doublure, which is called the hypostome. Redlichiida was the first order of them to develop and Phacopida was the last, while those of order Lichida are notably spiky. A form of gills is found on their first pair of legs, and each leg terminates in two claws. A small extinction of these animals that occurred in the middle Cambrian has been linked to the development of cephalopods, while sharks have been suggested to explain a more drastic extinction. Largely wiped out at the end of the Devonian, for 10 points, identify these ubiquitous, extinct sea arthropods, frequently used as an index fossil, and named for their three lobes.
Answer: trilobites
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Chicago Roast Beef Icee
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His finest role was as Cole Blue Rose's missing case agent in Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, in which he attempts to communicate with other worlds. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who played Baal in a 1982 TV movie of the same name, and starred as Nikola Tesla in The Prestige.
Answer: David Bowie [or David Robert Jones]
[10] The pinnacle of Bowie's film career is undoubtedly this 1986 Jim Henson film, in which he plays the Goblin King to Jennifer Connelly's makeup-obsessed teen.
Answer: Labyrinth
[10] Bowie has also voiced Lord Royal Highness in a TV movie about this character, in which this character steals half of an amulet and accidentally pops the world's oldest bubble.
Answer: Spongebob Squarepants [accept either; accept Spongebob's Atlantis Squarepantis]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These rules are used to determine whether a structure will be closo, nido, or arachno. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this eponymous set of rules generally used to predict the shape of molecular clusters from their molecular formula.
Answer: Wade-Mingos rules
[10] Wade's rules are often applied to determine the structure of hydrided complexes containing this element. For those who enjoy the periodic table, this can be found at the top left of the staircase.
Answer: boron [or B]
[10] Addition of borane to a carbon-carbon double bond and subsequent oxidation results in this type of product in which the hydrogen adds to the more substituted carbon of the double bond.
Answer: anti-Markovnikov product [do not accept or prompt on "Markovnikov"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about pirates in American history, for 10 points each.,
[10] Swashbuckler Jean Lafitte led his band of Baratarian privateers in fighting for the American cause at this battle in which the British general Edward Pakenham was defeated.
Answer: Battle of New Orleans [or Battle of Chalmette Plantation]
[10] American disgust toward paying tribute money to the Barbary pirates led to the Pasha of this Barbary state to declare war on the United States in 1801. American troops under Preble and Decatur led a naval blockade of its harbor during the war.
Answer: Tripoli
[10] In 1873, Joseph Fry and 52 other crew and passengers were executed as pirates after this ship was captured by the Spanish, causing a strain in Spanish-American relations. This ship had been carrying arms to rebelling Cubans while flying the American flag.
Answer: Virginius
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Identify the following ballets by twentieth century Russian composers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Prokofiev ballet originally had a happy ending, although it was changed to more closely follow the double suicide in its Shakespearian source.
Answer: Romeo and Juliet or [Romeo i Dzhul'yetta]
[10] This Aram Khachaturian ballet follows the relationship of its namesake heroine and Armen on a collective farm, and includes the famous "Sabre Dance".
Answer: Gayane
[10] This ballet by Reinhold Gliere features a famous dance of the Russian Sailors. Soviet authorities later changed the second word in its title to "Flower."
Answer: The Red Poppy [or Krasnyj mak]
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ANWER: Betrayed by Rita Hayworth or [La traicion de Rita Hayworth; accept The Betrayal (or Treachery) of Rita Hayworth],
[10] Name this novel which focuses on the movie-obsessed Jose "Toto" Casals.
[10] This novel sees Celina, Nene, and Elsa remember Juan Carlos Etchepare's life after he dies of TB. Like Betrayed by Rita Hayworth, this novel was written by Manuel Puig.
Answer: Heartbreak Tango [or Boquitas pintadas; accept Little Painted Lips or close English equivalents]
[10] This Puig novel moves between an Argentinian woman in a Mexican sanatorium, the same woman in pre-World War II Europe, and a cyborg who provides sex therapy for old men in the post-Apocalypse Polar Age.
Answer: Pubis Angelical [or Angelic Pubis]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following on large structures of the universe, for 10 points.,
[10] This sheet of galaxies is approximately 600 million by 200 million by 20 million light years in size. It was discovered by Margaret Geller and John Huchra using data from the second CfA Redshift Survey.
Answer: the CfA2 Great Wall
[10] An even larger Great Wall was discovered by J. Richard Gott III and Mario Juric using data from this namesake Digital Sky Survey. Critics argue the wall isn't a coherent structure because it's not coherently bound by gravity.
Answer: Sloan Digital Sky Survey [if someone gets confused and says the Sloan Great Wall, accept it]
[10] This professor at UC Santa Cruz led the Seven Samurai, the group that discovered the Great Attractor. A relation used to estimate intrinsic luminosities of elliptical galaxies is named for her and Robert Jackson.
Answer: Sandra Faber
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about an ecclesiastical position that may soon be held by Paul Gauthier, for 10 points each.,
[10] Holders of this position adopted the title of Ecumenical Patriarch in the 6th century, and later ones included Michael Cerularius and Gennadios II Scholarios.
Answer: Patriarch of Constantinople [accept Bishop of Constantinople as well]
[10] This Patriarch from Antioch was banished twice after falling afoul of the empress Eudoxia. He is best known for his codification of the Byzantine liturgy.
Answer: St. John Chrysostom [prompt on John of Antioch]
[10] This Patriarch was deposed by the Council of Ephesus for his refusal to call Mary the "Mother of God," and his views that Christ had two persons. His ideas were subsequently embraced by the Assyrian Church of the East.
Answer: Nestorius
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He is the author of the noted religious text The Gospel According to the Ghetto. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who united the ZANU and ZAPU parties before his downfall in an ugly sodomy scandal.
Answer: Canaan Sodindo Banana
[10] Canaan Banana was succeeded as the president of Zimbabwe by this dictator and head of the ZANU-PF party, who is still the president of that country.
Answer: Robert Gabriel Mugabe
[10] The key opposition leader to Mugabe's ZANU-PF bloc is Morgan Tsvangirai, who leads this party that allegedly won the first round of the 2008 election. Charles Meigs wants you to know that its four-striped flag has a hand with its fingers outstretched on it.
Answer: Movement for Democratic Change [or MDC]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote a story in which a Hawaiian man buys a wish-granting bottle, but must sell it for less than he bought it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of "The Bottle Imp," which appeared in his collection Island Nights' Entertainments, as well a novel whose hero becomes involved in the Appin Murder.
Answer: Robert Louis Stevenson
[10] Stevenson wrote Catriona as the sequel to this novel in which Captain Hoseason of the Covenant purchases David Balfour from David's uncle Ebenezer.
Answer: Kidnapped
[10] In this Stevenson novel the title character takes over Captain Teach's ship after leaving the Jacobite Uprising, and gallivants about with Secundra Dass while making life miserable for his younger brother Henry.
Answer: The Master of Ballantrae
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these people associated with Edward Sapir, none of whom are Benjamin Whorf, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man held that culture is the "superorganic" determinant of human behavior, a notion challenged by Sapir. He wrote Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America and studied Ishi of the Yahi.
Answer: Alfred Kroeber
[10] Sapir and Kroeber were both students of this man. He studied the Kwakiutl and wrote The Mind of Primitive Man.
Answer: Franz Boas
[10] This fellow linguist dated Sapir's daughter. He developed Discourse Analysis and penned A Grammar of English on Mathematical Principles as well as Methods in Structural Linguistics.
Answer: Zellig Harris
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The title slut gets around with such personalities as Otto Rank and Hugh Guiler. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this autobiographical work, whose author published previously unreleased portions of it as Incest in 1992.
Answer: The Diary of Anais Nin
[10] Nin's most prolific lover titles a section of the diary, along with his wife, June. This author wrote the Rosy Crucifixion trilogy as well as Tropic of Cancer.
Answer: Henry Valentine Miller
[10] Nin's diary describes the publication of her first book, which was about this author of the short story "The Horse Dealer's Daughter" and the poem "The Ship of Death."
Answer: David Herbert Lawrence
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Andy Watkins is a peasant in the Incan empire. Name some stuff about Andy's life, for 10 points each.,
[10] Andy is in Chan Chan and wants to tell his friends in Panchacamac about how much he loves e.e. cummings. He will have to solicit a chasqui messenger along the extensive Incan road system, who will store the information on one of these braided "talking knots."
Answer: quipu
[10] In order to pay his mita public service tax that finances roads and temples, Andy might have to travel to this Incan capital. He might just travel there anyway, because he heard they are in need of high school TUs on PEP carboxylase.
Answer: Cuzco
[10] Like many native Quechua, Andy feels a natural resentment towards this subjugated ethic group of the Incan empire, similar to his hatred of poorly written TUs on hash tables. He finds their spiritual belief of having "Been without being" particularly strange.
Answer: the Aymaran people
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It is the site of synthesis of sphingomyelin and pectin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this cellular organelle that often consists of a stack of flattened cisternae, which processes and sorts proteins and lipids made in the endoplasmic reticulum.
Answer: Golgi body or complex or apparatus
[10] The Golgi apparatus produces N-linked oligosaccharides ending in this modified sugar, which targets proteins for the lysosome.
Answer: mannose-6-phosphate [prompt on M6P]
[10] Transport between Golgi apparatus cisternae involves vesicles coated with the type II version of this group of proteins which transport stuff from the ER to the Golgi appartus. It consists of a GTPase and two protein heterodimers.
Answer: COPII or coat protein complex II
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following on something that will surely make Ted Gioia obscenely happy, twentieth century American poetry, for 10 points each.,
[10] This poet claimed that "The grammar turned and attacked me" in her poem "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning." She also wrote "Diving into the Wreck."
Answer: Adrienne Rich
[10] The lines "In Goya's greatest scenes we seem to see / the people of the world / exactly at the moment when / they attained the title of / `suffering humanity'" open the first poem in this Lawrence Ferlinghetti collection.
Answer: A Coney Island of the Mind
[10] This poet described an animal that "the power mower caught, / Chewed and clipped of a leg" in his "The Death of a Toad," and praised "mean earth-apples" in "Potato."
Answer: Richard Wilbur
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these gods of medicine, none of whom is Ixtlilton, for 10 points each.,
[10] These twin sons of Surya are divine horsemen and physicians. In the Mahabharata, they father the twin Pandava brothers Nakula and Sahadeva.
Answer: the Aswins [or Ashwins or Ashvins or Aswini or Ashwini or Ashvini Kumaras]
[10] This son of Apollo and Coronis was the father of Hygeia and Panacea. According to some stories Zeus killed him after he resurrected Hippolytus, which had caused Hades to complain about the lack of dead.
Answer: Asclepius [accept Aesculapius]
[10] This healer god of the Tuatha De Danann fashioned Nuada's silver arm, then killed his own son Miach when Miach upstaged him by fashioning a perfect flesh and blood replacement for Nuada.
Answer: Dian Cecht [accept Cainte or Canta]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following on the work of Kenneth Arrow, for 10 points each.,
[10] With Debreu, Arrow proved the first fundamental theorem of welfare economics, which holds that any Walrasian equilibrium has this property, meaning that no agent can improve their position without harming another agent.
Answer: Pareto efficiency [or Pareto optimality; accept word forms; prompt on efficiency or optimality]
[10] Arrow presents his Impossibility Theorem in this text, which developed from his thesis.
Answer: Social Choice and Individual Values
[10] Arrow collaborated with Okun, Solow and this man on the 1962 Economic Report while they were all serving on Kennedy's Council of Economic Advisers. He gives his name to a tax on foreign exchange speculation, and to the ratio of the market value and replacement cost of an asset.
Answer: James Tobin
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This stud showed that there are 3264 conics tangent to 5 given conics, but embarrassed himself late in life by buying forged letters in French supposedly written by Cleopatra, Lazarus and other pre-French-language luminaries. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Frenchman whose theorem in classical mechanics states that any motion of a rigid body can be decomposed into a pure translation and a pure rotation about an axis through the body.
Answer: Michel Chasles
[10] Chasles' theorem is a corollary to this man's theorem stating that any motion of a rigid body with one point fixed is a rotation about an axis through the fixed point. This "beast" also solved the Konigsberg Bridge Problem
Answer: Leonhard Paul Euler
[10] Euler showed that any rotation in space can be described by at most this number of angles. For these many circles, d'Alembert's theorem describes the external similarity points of each pair of those circles are collinear.
Answer: three
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The systems response to this thought experiment argues that the system formed by the man and the program he is given does exhibit understanding, even if the man and the program individually do not. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this thought experiment used to argue against the idea that a computer can understand anything, which involves a man equipped with a program for answering messages in the namesake language.
Answer: the Chinese Room
[10] This work, subtitled "Philosophy in the Real World," sets out some "default positions," such as that the real world exists. Major sections discuss intentionality as a social phenomenon and speech as conferring status functions, and like the Chinese Room, it is a work of John Searle.
Answer: Mind, Language, and Society
[10] Searle is a professor at UC-Berkeley, much like this nigh-unreadable feminist post-structuralist and queer theorist, whose works such as Gender Trouble theorize sex as an act.
Answer: Judith Butler
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Identify the following commanders of World War I, for 10 points each.,
[10] This bushy-mustached Frenchie was named Marshal of France in 1918, and commanded the Ninth Army at the First Marne. He famously noted that Versailles would be a "twenty year armistice."
Answer: Ferdinand Foch
[10] This man replaced Sir John French as commander of the British Expeditionary Force in 1915 and remained in command until the end of the war. He co-planned the "Great Offensive" along with Foch.
Answer: Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig
[10] This Scot commanded the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at the battle of Gallipoli, and served as a notably pro-Hitler Scottish president of the British Legion after the war.
Answer: Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton
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He was the first to publish Schubert's music and composed some of his own music, including the operetta Adam in der Klemme. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who is also known for writing a waltz and asking other composers to write a variation on it, spurring Beethoven to write a set of 33 variations.
Answer: Anton Diabelli
[10] Diabelli enlisted this composer to write the coda to his collection of variations written by other people. This man taught Franz Liszt, who dedicated his Transcendental Etudes to him.
Answer: Carl Czerny
[10] The first piece in this composer's set of twelve Etudes is "for the five fingers, after Monsieur Czerny." This man also wrote Suite Bergamasque and a work including a section depicting the "play of the waves."
Answer: Achille-Claude Debussy

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