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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Chicago B + MIT
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The title poem of one of this man's volumes of poetry speaks of "crystal acoustics trembling in your night's layer" and "the gold transfumed from the mahoganies" as well as the title concept, which "batters the magnolia's impermeable leaves." That volume contains the "Volpe" poems and sees Clizia metamorphose into a sunflower. The death of his wife prompted the "Xenia" sequence in another collection. Besides Satura and The Storm, one of this man's collections contains a series known as the "Mediterranean" poems and includes works such as the "The Wall", "Chrysalis", and "Lemon Trees." That collection often takes its images from the Ligurian coast. For 10 points, name this Hermeticist poet of Cuttlefish Bones.
Answer: Eugenio Montale
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Two equivalents of this type of compound are used to react with an internal alkyne in the Banert cascade, and their copper(I)-catalyzed reaction with terminal alkynes is Barry Sharpless' favorite click reaction. Acyl compounds of this group can be heated to form isocyanates in the Curtius rearrangement. They yield primary amines upon reduction, and these compounds can be explosive due to their ability to lose nitrogen, so the lead salt of this group is used as a detonator while the sodium salt useful in airbags. For 10 points, name this functional group consisting of three nitrogen atomss.
Answer: azide [accept N3 until "3 nitrogens"]
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One of the names of this country's largest lakes literally translates as "Booze Vat" and is a stunning green color. Its Central Highlands region is home to the "Hals" topography and such cities as Borgarnes. Its only native tree is the Betula pubsescens birch, which is being deforested because of topsoil erosion. This country's north is home to Dettifoss, the largest waterfall by volume in Europe, and Akureryi is the country's largest city outside the capital metropolitan area. This country's island of Surtsey emerged from the ocean in the 1960s. Vatnajokull covers 8% of the country, and has been the scene of Jokulhlaup, spectacular glacial eruptions and floods. For 10 points, name this North Atlantic island nation, home to Bjork and unpronounceable place names.
Answer: Iceland
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This ruler's secret service included the Ukrainian Cossack Gregoire Orlyk, and he was betrothed to the daughter of Elizabeth Farnese, Maria Ana Victoria de Borbon. This man's underlings issued the Edict of Marly, which taxed even the upper classes in an attempt to lower the budget deficit. His regent stabilized his nation's currency with the help of Philibert Orry and Michel des Forts, and that regent suppressed the convulsionaries at Saint-Medard. He took the advice of Germain Chauvelin in order to obtain Lorraine from Francis III. First Chaplain Fitz-James refused to give this man absolution unless he renounced his mistress Madame Chateauroux. He attempted to absolve his prospective assassin, Robert Damiens, and put trust in, among others, Cardinal Fleury and Madame de Pompadour. Ruling with his regent, Phillipe, duc de Orleans, for 10 points, name this king of France, nicknamed the Beloved, who came after the Sun King.
Answer: Louis XV [accept Louis the Beloved or Louis le Bien-Aime early]
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One character in this play says "Go, I do not hate you" and in scene six of act one, the title character gives a soliloquy known as his "stances." Elvira serves as a maid to one character in this play, and one scene opens with Don Arias. One major conflict in this work occurs when the Count of Gormaz slaps an older figure, resulting in a duel proving the title character's valor. The title character is beloved of Dona Urraque and defeats Don Sanche near the end of this work. Starting with an altercation between Don Gomes and Don Diegue, at the end of this play the title character is reconciled with his love Chimene. For 10 points, name this most famous work of Pierre Corneille.
Answer: Le Cid [or The Cid, but not "El Cid"]
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A mezzotint by Valentine Greene depicting the event showed in this painting is currently housed in the New Brunswick museum. The Morro Castle can be seen in the background of this painting. The far left edge of this painting shows a red flag unfurled, while the other three flags visible are all white. One figure with his back to the viewer wears a red scarf while a more visibly concerned man facing him wears a green scarf. Another figure is visible between the legs of a man wearing white who has raised one buckled foot in order to brace himself to strike down with a pike. Depicting an event that took place in the Havana harbor, the bottom edge of the painting obscures the right foot of one title figure; along with a bit of blood, this is the only visible damage done by the other title fish. For 10 points, identify this painting depicting a row boat attempting to rescue a youth under attack in this John Singleton Copley painting.
Answer: Watson and the Shark
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One character in this work resigns from his position as chief to work at the Githima library. One character in this work returns home after staying in seven detention camps to find that a rival has become head of the homeguards and has fathered a child with his wife. This novel features the deaf and mute Gitogo, as well as John Thompson, who is the administrator of Rira in this work, which sees General R. help execute two traitors. Warui's stories inspire one character to political action. Other characters in this novel include the farmer Mugo, who is killed for betraying a man who killed District Officer Thomas Robson, Kihika. For 10 points, name this novel about Gikonyo which takes place during the Mau Mau Movement, a work of Ngugi wa Thiong'o.
Answer: A Grain of Wheat
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In this method, the sample's symmetry can be described using Hermann-Mauguin notation, and samples are usually frozen to reduce the magnitude of the Debye-Waller effect and then mounted on a rotating goniometer. The resulting observations can be described by a geometric construct whose radius is the wavevector of the incident radiation, known as the Ewald sphere. Planes of reflection are labeled by Miller indices, and the Patterson function is commonly used to solve the phase problem. Samples can be identified as one of the fourteen Bravais lattices, and resulting structures commonly represent atoms with thermal ellipsoids. Bragg's law describes the scattering of a beam of radiation from electrons in a solid sample in, for 10 points, this spectroscopic method.
Answer: X-ray crystallography [or X-ray diffraction]
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A Bryan Skyrms work is titled "The Evolution" of this concept, while a Gita Sen and Sonia Correa propose to "Reinvent" it. The "minimax relative concession" is the solution to the "compliance" problem of one of these for morals, according to another philosopher. In arguing for a contemporary one, Hume's arguments about motivation are rejected by T.M. Scanlon, and another modern philosopher interested in these is David Gauthier. Locke's Second Treatise on Government claims that marriage was the first one of these, while a work titled after one claims that monarchies work best in hot climates. For 10 points, identify these entities that Rawls suggests to escape the "original position" and Hobbes advocates to avoid the "state of nature," which title a Rousseau work.
Answer: social contracts [prompt on contracts]
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In response to the Stevenson plan to raise the prices of rubber exported from Britain, Harvey Firestone opened a tire factory on land previously owned by the British Mount Barclay company in this country. Benjamin Anderson compiled a report on this country after a trip to its Musardo region. One ethnic group in this country organized itself into military groups called sedjibos and opposed the "unification policy" of one ruler. In addition to William Tubman, Schudi Ashmun was chosen as the leader of a group that landed at this country's Cape Mesurado and was sponsored by the ACS, while Edward Roye became a leader of its True Whig party in 1870. Another leader of this country was tortured to death by Prince Johnson, and came to power after deposing William Tolbert, Jr., Samuel Doe, who was succeeded by Charles Taylor. For 10 points, name this country founded by freed American slaves.
Answer: Republic of Liberia
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Coser argued that Nicholas Spykman's misattribution of this man's most famous work led to the fact that it was not translated into English as of 1977. His basic view of civilization held that "man is not partially social and partially individual," and thus relied on the dialectic. He categorized people as "the adventurer," "the man in the middle" and "the mediator" in his work on personality types that resulted in his essay about a person who is spatially constrained but not a part of the group, "The Stranger." He introduced the "blase" in an essay which explored the influence of the city on the mind, "The Metropolis and Mental Life," and drew upon Das Kapital for his magnum opus, which claims that the title commodity embodies the impersonality of modern society in addition to being a means of exchange. For 10 points, name this author of The Philosophy of Money.
Answer: Georg Simmel
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Most proteins, such as Gelsolin, interact with this by binding in the hydrophobic cleft between its subdomains 1 and 3. That cleft can also bind subdomain 2 of a different molecule of this protein, a nucleation reaction mediated by the Arp 2/3 complex. Although it can be visualized with fluorescently tagged phalloidin, that treatment increases the amount of this protein at the cell membrane, where its normal functions include promoting cell adhesion by linking to cadherin via vinculin and catenins. Thymosin beta 4 maintains the cellular concentration of its free form, while profilin catalyzes its exchange of ADP for ATP and thus promotes its polymerization. Once polymerized, it can form dynamic structures such as lamellipodia and the contractile ring during cytokinesis. ATP hydrolysis causes globular monomers to be released from its filamentous form., and troponin regulates its binding of motor proteins in sarcomeres. For 10 points, name this cytoskeletal protein that forms microfilaments and is associated with myosin in muscle cells.
Answer: actin
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An INTERNET flash video by "Intermix Network" intuits that these are "so much fun" and notes that they're pink. Kool G raps that you should "smith `em," referring to these entities, in DJ JS1's "Take a Loss," while Lil Wayne asserts "I'm so hot I freeze" before noting that these entities jangle "like a lotta keys" in his classic "Upgrade U." A Bonnie Prince Billie song about these entities notes that "we could be eating pudding," but that these objects are placed in the mouth instead. Another song titled for these entities ends by talking about seafood cocktail, crabs, and crayfish, and it notes that these entities are "always bouncing / to the left and to the right." For 10 points, name these objects that should be held "every night," according to an AC/DC song.
Answer: "Big Balls" [prompt on balls]
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Scholarship regarding this polity's exact dating hinges on the word "akallu," which can mean "bent" or "obscured," which Henry Rawlinson claimed referred to a June 15th solar eclipse. This polity's early kingdom conquered Mari, but lost it when Yasmah Adad was overthrown. Its army had a special division that was well-versed in sapping and bridge-building techniques, and that division is often referred to as the first military engineers. This polity built sculptures of lammasu, and thirteen of its bronze bands were found at Imgur-Enlil that showed scenes from the military exploits of King Shalmaneser III, who built the Great Ziggurat at Kalhu. Falling when the Chaldeans sacked their capital in 612 BCE, for 10 points, name this ancient Mesopotamian kingdom, home to Sargon II and Assurbanipal, with a capital at Nineveh.
Answer: Assyria [prompt on Assur or Ashur]
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He wrote "Sleepe pretty wantons do not cry, / And I will sing a lullabie, / Rocke them rocke them lullabie" in the song "Golden Slumbers kiss your eyes" in his collaboration with Chettle and Haughton on Patient Grissil. He was the sole author of a play which introduces Friscobaldo and sees Hippolito listen to a petition for the life of Mateo given by Bellafont. He wrote of Firk and Hodge reuniting Rafe Damport with his wife and Rose Otley marrying Rowland Lacy in another play, which sees Simon Eyre become Lord Mayor of London. This author of Old Fortunatus, Satiromastrix, and The Gull's Hornbook was presented as Demetrius Fannius in Jonson's The Poetaster. Co-author with Ford and Rowley of The Witch of Edmonton, for 10 points, name this author of The Honest Whore, part II and The Shoemaker's Holiday.
Answer: Thomas Dekker
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This man's father was a loyalist who demanded that he "return to his family and indeed [himself]" in a scathing letter. This man named one of his sons Peyton, in honor of his uncle, the first president of the Continental Congress. This man was discredited when a letter was intercepted from French minister Joseph Fauchet and sent to Washington. As a private lawyer, he was the primary counsel of Aaron Burr in his treason case. At the Philadelphia Convention, he proposed an idea that he later criticized on the "committee on detail" as lacking sufficient checks and balances, and which divvied up representation by population. For 10 points, name this man, the second Secretary of State, who presented the large-state favoring Virginia Plan and was the first Attorney General.
Answer: Edmund Randolph
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This people's thunder deity was sometimes represented as a trio of sisters known as Kadlu, while their dead souls were cared for during the year they spent in the underworld by their goddess Pana, and, like the Mayans, their goddess of childbirth was known as Akna. One character from their mythology pursued breakers of taboos, while another cursed a different character with constipation after being denied food; those figures were Isitoq and Fart Man. Their shamans were known as angakkuq, while the most famous of their goddesses married a dog and became the goddess of the underworld Adlivun after her father Anguta chopped her fingers off, after which those fingers turned into seals. For 10 points, identify this people, whose most well-known deities include the bear god Nanuq as well as Sedna and the Caribou Mother, a kayak-using tribe from the Arctic.
Answer: Inuits [or Inuit mythology; accept Eskimos from HORRIBLE RACISTS]
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One poem in this collection speaks of "Gloomy grammarians in golden gowns" and claims "These are the music of meet resignation? the response, still sustaining pomps for you to magnify." Besides "Of the Manner of Addressing Clouds," one poem claims that "one must have a mind of winter? not to think of any misery in the sound of the wind." In addition to "The Snow Man", it contains a poem that states, "music is feeling, then, not sound" and that "the self same sounds on my spirit make a music, too." The title object of one of this collection's poems is "like nothing else in Tennessee." Another of its poems claims "Among twenty snowy mountains, the only moving thing was the eye" of the title figure, while another demands "Let be be finale of seem." Containing "Anecdote of the Jar", "Sunday Morning", and "The Emperor of Ice Cream," for 10 points, name this first collection of Wallace Stevens.
Answer: Harmonium
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In Tschaikovsky's work of this type and number, a theme heard in all four movements is borrowed from Glinka's A Life for the Tsar. Carl Nielsen described his as being about the opposition between "Dreams and Deeds," and it is unique for having only two movements and for its "evil" motif. Penderecki's is called Korean, and Philip Glass's is known called Choral. Another one begins with a section called the "Dresden Amen" and its third movement is based on the hymn A Mighty Fortress Is Our God. Another inspired a famous description by the composer's friend Anton Schindler. For 10 points, identify the composition type and number of Mendelssohn's Reformation and the work described as "fate knocking on the door."
Answer: Fifth Symphonies [or Symphony number five, etc]
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Synonymous ones are associated with differences in tRNA pool size, and can affect membrane attachment and degradation pathways of the protein transcript. Their cotransferrence can be measured with the linkage disequilibrium, and a group of them that is transferred together is called a haplotype. They are identified using SBE, in which a terminator is added to a primer hybridized 5 prime to one of these. The G6V mutation in beta-globin results from a nonsynonymous one of these, and is present in the most common allele for sickle cell anemia. Ones that can be cleaved by restriction enzymes are especially useful in DNA fingerprinting. For 10 points, name these alleles present in at least 1% of the population in which only one base pair differs.
Answer: Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms [or SNPs]
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TB. Fred Hoyle's steady state cosmology took a hit when these objects were found to be more common in the early universe by Maarten Schmidt in 19 The first observation of one of these, 3C 273, was performed in the 1960's by Allan Sandage and Thomas Matthews. They are theorized to be powered by matter falling into black holes interacting with strong magnetic fields. There was initially significant controversy over whether these objects were nearby or distant, but this has now been resolved. They have been observed with red shifts in excess of 5, indicating speeds of over one third the speed of light. For 10 points, name this class of extremely luminous objects, the most distant bodies observable in the universe.
Answer: quasars [accept Quasi-stellar radio sources; prompt on active galactic nucleus or word forms]
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Chicago B + MIT
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote the 525 line poem "Psalle et Sile," as well as plays such as the Devotion of the Cross. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this playwright of works such as The Fake Astrologer and It Is Better Than It Was.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
[10] Chispa sings a marching song in this Calderon play, in which Rebolledo kidnaps Isabel and Phillip II appoints Don Crespo to the title position.
Answer: The Mayor of Zalamea [or El alcalde de Zalamea]
[10] Rosaura marries Astolfo at the end of a Calderon play that sees this prince told that "Life is a dream." He eventually does take the throne of Poland.
Answer: Prince Seigismundo [accept Principe Seigismundo or Sigismund]
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This campaign saw battles such as the battle of Front Royal and the battle of Cross Keys. The confederates also captured Harper's Ferry during this campaign. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1862 campaign that Stonewall Jackson led in Western Virginia.
Answer: Shenandoah Valley Campaign
[10] One of the effects of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign was that it diverted Union troops that would have been used by McClellan in this campaign to capture Richmond.
Answer: Peninsular Campaign
[10] The Union's advance in the Peninsular Campaign was ended at this battle at the end of May. It saw Robert E. Lee replace Joseph Johnston after the latter was wounded in battle.
Answer: The Battle of Seven Pines
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The evaporation of droplets causes the namesake particles to be separated due to Coulomb fission from each other in this procedure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this technique whose "desorption" version place the sample on a solid surface, but more notably sees the formation of Taylor cones after the sample is subject to a large voltage.
Answer: electrospray ionization [prompt on ESI]
[10] This technique shoots a beam of electrons at a molecules and sends the ionized fragments through an magnetic field. In this technique the peak with the most intensity in the readings is known as the base peak.
Answer: Mass spectrometry [accept MS]
[10] The sample of macromolecules is placed in solution and a polymer is used to trap the protein in a matrix in this variation of MS. It is useful in analyzing large polymers and proteins as it does not degrade the sample molecules.
Answer: MALDI-TOF or [matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization]
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In Bengal, it is associated with Kali, in the north it celebrates Rama's homecoming, and it commemorates the rescue of princes for Sikhs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this major six-day-long holiday whose name comes from the Sanskrit for "rows of lights."
Answer: Diwali [accept Divali, Deepvali, Deepwali, or Dipvali; prompt on Festival of Lights]
[10] Marathi folks celebrate the birth of this God by eating several "modaks" as well as singing the Atharvashirsha 21 times. One of the biggest reasons why the Arabian sea is so damn polluted is because the Marathis keep dumping idols of him in the sea.
Answer:
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ANSWER; Ganesha [accept Ganapati or Lambodara],
[10] Usually celebrated 18 days before Diwali is this other holiday where the Ramleela is reenacted, often with effigies of Ravana that are later burned.
Answer: Dussehara [or Dasara]
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He talked about the value of well-defined rights in his essay "The Problem of Social Cost." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man whose namesake theorem deals with resolving externalities, which he claims will happen naturally when transaction costs are low.
Answer: Ronald Coase
[10] Coase also wrote this notable article in 1937. In it he attempts to explore the reasons that people enter into the titular organizations, which Coase concludes are a result of the need to battle transaction costs.
Answer: "The Nature of the Firm"
[10] The Coase Conjecture of monopoly theory states that in certain situations, consumers can avoid this monopolistic practice by simply waiting until the best time to buy. Pigou broke this practice down into First, Second, and Third Degree types.
Answer: price discrimination
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Along with Robert Altman, he is credited with an opera version of McTeague. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, identify this composer who also worked with Altman on the opera "A Wedding," better known for his collections of ragtime piano pieces and settings of Blake.
Answer: William Bolcom
[10] Bolcom studied with this Les Six composer best-known for his saxophone-featuring piece La Creation du Monde and an opera called The Ox on the Roof.
Answer: Darius Milhaud
[10] Bolcom's concerto Gaea was written for two pianists who would use this technique. Other works written for this type of performance include a Richard Strauss Passacaglia and a famous concerto by Ravel written for Paul Wittgenstein.
Answer: playing with the left-hand only [accept clear knowledge equivalents; prompt on equivalents to playing one-handed]
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The equations for the spatial wavefunctions of the one-dimensional quantum harmonic oscillator involve these polynomials. For 10 points each:,
[10] Named after the mathematician who proved that e is transcendental, these polynomials are a set of orthogonal polynomials on the real line with "e to the minus x squared" as the weight function.
Answer: Hermite polynomials
[10] This man developed the use of Ladder operators to find the eigen-energies of the quantum harmonic oscillator. Along with Fermi, he also names a statistical distribution obeyed by fermions.
Answer: Paul Dirac
[10] When the one-dimensional QHO is generalized to a three-dimensional isotropic version, the angular dependence of the spatial wavefunction is given by these functions which are the angular portion of a set of solutions to Laplace's equation in a certain coordinate system.
Answer:
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This character enjoys reading the Stoics and gives a weeping young boy sixpence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character, who attempts to learn how to distinguish hawkweeds in a book made up of his "Private Papers."
Answer: Henry Ryecroft [prompt on Henry]
[10] This author of The Emancipated and The Odd Women, told of Jasper Milvain and the Yule brothers in New Grub Street and wrote The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft.
Answer: George Gissing
[10] After spending time learning to distinguish hawkweeds, Henry Ryecroft runs home to read this Laurence Sterne novel which features Uncle Toby, his miniature army, and Parson Yorick.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
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Members of this phylum contain "lasso cells" which release threads that stick to food. For 10 points each:,
[10] Containing around 150 species including the Sea Gooseberry and the Venus's Girdle, the members of this phylum are commonly known as "Comb Jellies."
Answer: Ctenophora or Ctenophores
[10] In contrast to "lasso cells" these structures contain cnidae and are found in, you guessed it, cnidaria. These cells are covered by an operculum, and are discharged after their cnidae stick to the prey's flesh.
Answer: nematocysts
[10] Though this phylum doesn't have any cells that jump out, it still is pretty cool because it's class gastropoda contains one of Gautam's favorite creatures, snails. Other classes in this phylum include cephalopods and bivalves.
Answer: mollusca or mollusks
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Forces of this kingdom repeatedly attacked Malacca in the 15th century but were repulsed by Tun Perak, and it eventually got its shit wrecked by the Burmese king Alaungpaya. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this polity founded in 1351 by King Ramathibodi I of the Uthong Dynasty.
Answer: Ayutthaya
[10] After the collapse of Ayutthaya, this man founded a new capital on the Chao Phraya River at Thon Buri after getting rid of those damn Burmese. His rule was legitimized by China's Qianlong Emperor.
Answer: Thaksin the Great [or Taksin; accept Phya Tak]
[10] After Thaksin went insane and was deposed, Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke took control of the kingdom, moved the capital to Bangkok, founded the Chakri dynasty, and became the first king to take this regnal name, the ninth of which currently rules Thailand.
Answer: Rama
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This work sees thinkers like Dante, Plato, Hegel and Nietzsche are contrasted with Shakespeare, Montaigne, Pushkin and Erasmus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Those men are divided into this work's two titular groups based on their conception of the world as one idea or as many different ideas.
Answer: The Hedgehog and the Fox
[10] The Hedgehog and the Fox is the best-known work of this 20th century philosopher.
Answer: Isaiah Berlin
[10] Berlin is also well-known for formulating conceptions of positive and negative rights in this 1958 essay.
Answer: Two Concepts of Liberty
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He wrote of inmates who make a living by reusing coffins in "The End of the Old Folks' Home" and created the Sicilian di Grasso, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of "The Father" and "Lyubkha the Cossack," both stories collected in his Tales from Odessa.
Answer: Isaac Emmanuelavich Babel
[10] Vasily dictates a letter to Liutov in "The Letter" which appears alongside "Crossing into Poland" in this other Isaac Babel collection.
Answer: Red Cavalry
[10] This story from Red Cavalry tells of a young Jew named Liutov who kills an old woman's animal to score points with a rough Cossack military officer named Savitsky.
Answer: My First Goose [prompt on something that sounds like Russian, because I can't find the original language translation]
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This figure was sometimes said to be the son of Cinyras and Galatea or of Phoenix and Aephesiboea, and his name comes from a Semitic word for "lord." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this really beautiful dude who was loved by some goddesses. He was killed by a boar and ultimately died in Aphrodite's arms.
Answer: Adonis
[10] This woman conceived Adonis after disguising herself as a concubine and sleeping with her father Theias. Theias was horrified, so he tried to kill her, but the gods turned her into a tree from which Adonis was later born.
Answer: Myrrha [accept Smyrna]
[10] The poet Euphorion claimed that "only" this river "washed the wounds of Adonis." Its name means "river of lamentation," and people who remained unburied wandered around its banks.
Answer: Cocytus
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Answer the following about related works of art, for 10 points each.,
[10] Also known as The Large Glass, The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even is a construction by this artist.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
[10] A woman resting her head on a man's chest surrounded by swirling colors comprises this Oskar Kokoschka painting, meant to express his love for Alma Mahler.
Answer: Bride of the Wind
[10] Bride and Groom is a lesser-known work of this Cubist who sculpted many works entitled Head and frequently executed portraits of other artists, such as Jean Cocteau and Juan Gris.
Answer: Amedeo Clement Modigliani
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Name the following from the exciting life and times of Menelik II, for 10 points each.,
[10] This douchebag usurped the Gondar branch of Solomonic rulers of Ethiopia, and kidnapped the young Menelik when he had barely been named king of Shewa. Menelik married this dude's daughter Alitash. He fought the British under Robert Napier at Magdala.
Answer: Tewodros II [accept Theodore II; or Kassa Haile Giorgis; or Kassa Hailu]
[10] Menelik II's forces outnumbered the Italians by a shit-ton and overwhelmed General Baratieri at this battle. Afterwards, he signed the Treaty of Addis Ababa, which defined a border with Eritrea and forced Italy to recognize Ethiopian independence.
Answer: Battle of Adowa
[10] This meeting of thirteen countries found only Austria-Hungary supported the German position in Morocco, while England backed France, foiling the German plan. I guess Menelik's ghost might have been interested in the First Moroccan Crisis or something, but this really isn't related to Menelik at all.
Answer: Algeciras Conference
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Identify the following hypothetical elementary particles, for 10 points each.,
[10] Because gravity is a second rank tensor field, this hypothetical particle must have a spin of two. It must also be massless because gravity works on all scales.
Answer: graviton
[10] These particles could potentially explain the dark matter problem. If they possess low mass, then the universe would be filled with a Bose-Einstein condensate of these particles, which would decay into two photons.
Answer: axion
[10] The time order events of these particles is not Lorentz invariant, and for one of these with a positive energy moving towards the right, there exists an anti-particle with negative energy moving towards the left. Also, they are scalar fermions and are thus spinless.
Answer: tachyon
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Identify some Red Hot Chili Peppers songs, now starring Chris Ray, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this song, Chris notes that "his only friend" is the city he lives in, which is ironic considering that the city in question is the "City of Angels," a place that Chris learned the hard way is not anywhere near Berkeley. In the chorus, Chris reminds the listener that "I don't ever wanna feel, like I did that day," presumably referring to the day he got his ass beat by the Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering.
Answer: "Under the Bridge"
[10] Chris opens this song by orderering "all you slingers and fiends" to "hide behind your rocks," presumably a call for high schoolers everywhere to prime their buzzers. Later he notes that he's "talking about that freedom" before enjoining the listener to pefrom the title action, adding "don't be a slave."
Answer: "Fight Like a Brave"
[10] The title figure of this song off Mother's Milk is clearly a reference to Charles Meigs. Chris expresses his repressed desires by noting that that title figure has "hair so smooth" and is "happy to feel/my hand go slap/upon" that figure's "sexy ass."
Answer: "Sexy Mexican Maid"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this work, Dressiger kills a dog to provide food for his family but vomits up the meat, and its characters include the policeman Kutsche and the Pastor Kittelhaus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, which besides featuring Bertha and Emma, the daughters of Baumert, sees Jaeger and Becker lead a riot.
Answer: The Weavers [or Die Weber]
[10] This author of Rose Bernd and The Beaver Coat wrote The Weavers.
Answer: Gerhart Hauptmann
[10] In the beginning of this Hauptmann play, Alfred Loth visits Hoffman and tells him about his visit to the United States, and ends up falling in love with Hoffman's sister Helen. Alfred leaves Helen, who ends up killing herself
Answer: Before Daybreak [or Vor Sonnenaufgang or Before Sunrise]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was originally known as "The Vanquished." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sculpture where a naked soldier brings his bent right arm to the top of his head.
Answer: The Age of Bronze [or L'age d'airain]
[10] This man also had his arm bent in a Rodin work, but his was pointed upward in the sculpture called "him Preaching." The mold for the sculpture of this man was later smashed and used to cast Rodin's Walking Man.
Answer: John the Baptist [prompt on John, I guess]
[10] Many of Auguste Rodin's late works features these things, including one "of God," one "of the Devil" and one shown with a tomb.
Answer: hands
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some pre-Norman-conquest kings of England for 10 points each.,
[10] This father of Edward the Confessor relied so heavily on the Witan that he earned a nickname meaning "without counsel." He lost a succession crisis to his brother Edward the Martyr at age ten, but gained the throne when his mother had Edward killed.
Answer: Aethelred II [accept Aethelred the Unready, accept "Ethelred" instead of "Aethelred"]
[10] This grandfather of Hardecanute and son of Harald Bluetooth repeatedly invaded England after Aethelred wouldn't stop murdering his fellow Danes, and he finally gained control in 1013 only to die early in 1014.
Answer: Sweyn I Forkbeard [accept Sven I Forkbeard or Sven the Dane]
[10] This grandfather of Aethelred the Unready helped Olaf of York reconquer Northumbria and allied with Malcolm I of Scotland. He was killed by a thief named Leofa at a banquet at Pucklechurch.
Answer: Edmund I [or Eadmund I; accept Edmund the Just, Edmund the Elder, Edmund the Magnificent, or Edmund the Deed-Doer]

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