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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Brown + MIT
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In one story by this author, an argument about who is the biggest drunk on the title avenue is resolved through the telling of a story by Roman Orlov, while in a story which won the O. Henry Memorial Prize, he tells of the interrogation of Bruno by the policeman Kozak. In addition to "How the Devil Came Down Division Street," this author integrated his short story "A Bottle of Milk for Mother" into a novel set in a Polish ghetto entitled Never Come Morning, while his nonfiction work includes travelogues such as Who Lost an American? and Notes from a Sea Diary: Hemingway All the Way. More famously, he wrote of the adventures of Dove Linkhorn in A Walk on the Wild Side, though he is best known for a novel about a man who hangs out with Sparrow Saltskin and kills Louie over a drug deal, set in the "city on the make" most associated with this author's writing, Chicago. For 10 points, identify this writer most famous for his novel about Frankie Machine, The Man With the Golden Arm.
Answer: Nelson Algren
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This man decided to enter his chosen profession after he realized that rats in the barn were well-fed, but rats in the bathroom were not. This man divided the kingdom into 36 subunits and once annulled a law that expelled all aliens from the kingdom, realizing that it would deprive the government of its best advisors. He carried out the first government-enforced writing standardization, making the small-seal script mandatory. During a succession crisis, this man allied with a eunuch, Zhao Gao, who eventually killed him by cutting him in half. He once forced a rival philosopher to drink poison; both he and that man were former students of Xun-Zi. After the man he served under was fooled by a pair of alchemists, this man advised immolating them, which came immediately after his effort to suppress Confucianism and the other Hundred Schools, the so-called "Burning of the Books". For 10 points, name this Qin dynasty official and staunch defender of Legalism, the Prime Minister of China under Shihuang-di.
Answer: Li Si [or Li Ssu from godless Wade-Giles bastards]
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Mikusinski's identity gives the square root of this function, and the integral of this function of x minus y times f of x is equal to f of y, meaning it obeys the sifting property, which makes it the convolution function's identity operator. A Green's function is defined as the solution of an equation which sets a linear operator equal to a value of this function, and one method of deriving it is taking the derivative of the Heaviside Step Function. A group of them is known as their namesake's "comb". Usually shown as an up-arrow, it represents the limit of a statistical distribution as the standard deviation goes to zero. For 10 points, name this function useful for defining impulsive forces, which is infinite in a single point and zero elsewhere.
Answer: Dirac Delta Function
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This man's sacred works include the motet In convertendo, while his instrumental works consist primarily of two sets of "pieces for harpsichord," as well as the individual harpsichord pieces Les petits marteaux and La Dauphine. One opera-ballet by this composer consists of a prologue and four acts, which include "The Incas of Peru" and "The Savages of America," all with different characters. Along with The Gallant Indies, he wrote about celebrations of Hebe, Ramiro, and Polyhymnia, and an Hommage to this man was included in Debussy's first book of Images. In one of his operas, the aria "Tristes apprets" is sung by Telaira on the death of one of the title brothers, while his first and most famous opera, which features the aria "Quelle plainte en ces lieux m'appelle?," ends with the reuniting of the title characters after one had been swallowed up by flames. For 10 points, name this opponent of Lully, a French Baroque composer most famous for Castor et Pollux and Hyppolyte et Aricie.
Answer: Jean-Philippe Rameau
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The narrator of one short story by this man expresses his desire to be "unself-conscious" and wonders whether it is he who is the leading character in his titular "Life Story," while another story by this man is written from the perspective of a spermatozoa swimming towards an ovum, "Night-Sea Journey." The protagonist of one of his novels is brought to a "Remobilization Farm" near Wicomico by the Doctor and later has an affair with Rennie, the wife of Joe Morgan. In addition to the short story collection Lost in the Funhouse and the novel The End of the Road, this man's novellas Dunyazadiad, Perseid, and Bellerophoniad can be found in his Chimera. In one novel, this man wrote about Jane Mack's affair with Todd Andrews, who attempts to kill himself by destroying the titular showboat, and in another he wrote about a figure who marries Joan Toast after being tutored by Henry Burlingame, Ebenezer Cooke. For 10 points, identify this American author of The Floating Opera and The Sot-Weed Factor, as well as Giles Goat-Boy.
Answer: John Simmons Barth
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The drug etenarcept contains one of these fused to a tumor necrosis factor receptor, and one of this type of molecule used to inhibit platelet aggregation is marketed under the name ReoPro. The production of them relies on a type of cell that cannot synthesize hypoxanthine and thymidine, and the cells that create them are selected using an EIA assay or a dot blot and are known as hybridomas. Their fab regions are specific for a single epitope, and these compounds are used in ADEPT and some other forms of cancer therapy. Including the drugs abciximab and rituximab, for 10 points, name this type of antibody that is hyperspecific for one region on a target.
Answer: Monoclonal antibodies
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One of this figure's grandsons, Cleitus, was abducted by Eos; another, Oicles, died while helping Heracles fight Laomedon. Those grandsons were fathered by this man's son Mantius, and this man's own father was Amythaon. This man helped his brother marry the daughter of Neleus, who stated that only someone who could steal the cattle of Phylacos could marry Pero. That brother, Bias, later fathered Talaus. This man once escaped a prison after correctly predicting that the ceiling above his cell would collapse. He eventually gained one third of the Kingdom of Argos by curing the impotence of Prince Iphiclus after learning that a knife Iphiclus had thrown had pissed off a hamadryad. For 10 points, name this man who gained insight from termites and vultures after saving the life of two snakes, a prophet from Greek myth who could communicate with animals.
Answer: Melampus
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This man created the DIP agency which published the Cultura Politica and Ciencia Politica magazines, and his man's residence at Guanabara was attacked by a group led by Plinio Salgado after he refused to grant them power . He first came to power after the announcement of a consecutive paulista candidate for the Liberal Alliance ticket, and the the forgery of a document by Eurico Dutra also preceded the ascent of this man, who had earlier served as the Secretary of the Treasury under Washington Luis. This man's bodyguard Gregorio Fortunato was involved in the Rua Tonelero plot in which Major Rubens Vas was killed and opposition leader and journalist Carlos Lacerda was injured, and that scandal led this former Governor of Rio Grande do Sul to shoot himself in Catete Palace. For 10 Points, name this two time President of Brazil who modeled his Estado Novo on that of Antonio Salazar.
Answer: Getulio Dornelles Vargas
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One work of this title discusses amoebic pseudopodia in order to disprove Bertrand Russell's static behaviorism and was written by Ferdinand Schiller. Another work by this title presents metaphor as an excuse for "smuggling in" the wholeness of an experience and it describes all thinking as a form of sorting. Another work entitled this states that "rigid desginators" are a result of the division of labor within linguistics and that every "vector" of description of the title concept contains four components. One work arranges objects, thoughts, and symbols into the "semantic triangle" while another argues that the title concept is primarily composed of "natural kind" terms and contributed to the causal theory of reference of its author and Saul Kripke. Entitling a work that states that languages is the most important instrument of civilization written by I.A. Richards and C.K. Ogden, for 10 points, identify this title also shared by a 1975 Hillary Putnam work about Twin Earth.
Answer: The Meaning of Meaning
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This country's northwestern neighbor is home to the Gonarezhou National park, which lies along its border with this country, and the Ruyuma rivers forms the border between this country and its northern neighbor. The Monte Binga is the highest mountain in this country, and the Inhambane bay forms an inlet into this country. The southern town of Ponta d'Ouro is a popular tourist destination in this country. The Bazaruto archipelago lies off the coast of this African country, whose city of Beira is its second largest, and the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers empty into a waterway named for this country. Bordered by South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Lesotho, and having its capital at Maputo, for 10 points, identify this country separated from Madagascar by a namesake channel.
Answer: Republic of Mozambique
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A complex of hydride and this molecule forms Stryker's Reagent, while this molecule occupies three of the vertices of the square-planar Wilkinsons' catalyst. One reaction that uses this compound as the reagent uses CCl4 as a solvent and transforms alcohols into alkyl halides, while another reaction that uses it with DEAD is used to synthesize esters. In addition to being used in the Appel and Mitsunobu reactions, it is used as the reducing agent in a reaction that turns azides into amines, the Staudinger ligation. A more famous reaction that uses this molecule sees it attack an unhindered alkyl halide in order to form a ylide. For 10 points, name this molecule used in the Wittig reaction, which consists of a phosphorus atom with 3 benzene rings attached.
Answer: triphenylphosphine [or PPh3; or Ph3P]
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This ruler controversially stacked the Prince's Council with foreigners, and his head was preserved in a mixture of honey and alcohol after he died in battle. This figure's tumultuous family life included the blinding and burning alive of his brother Mircea at Targovite, and the assassination of his uncle by Petru Aron and the murder of his father in Balteni. This man fought at the Battle of Direptatea under Stefan cel Mare. After successfully leading the Night Attack, this man was overthrown by his younger brother, the lover of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, and he tried to wrest power back from Radu the Handsome at the Battle of Vaslui. For 10 points, name this voivod of Wallachia who gained his nickname by placing his defeated enemies on stakes and was the inspiration for the novel Dracula.
Answer: Vlad III [or Vlad the Impaler; or Vladislav Dracula; or Vlad Tepes; prompt early on Dracula]
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His poetic works include a work in four parts analyzing the figure of Christ, and he wrote a short story in which the title physician goes mad while writing fiction compiled as All or Nothing and obsessively reading Don Quixote. In addition to writing The Christ of Velazquez and "The Madness of Dr. Montarco," he created the term "nivola" to describe his shorter prose works, such as a story in which Lazaro is converted by the efforts of an outwardly devout village priest who is secretly an atheist, and a work in which Augusto dies after a conversation with the author. He also wrote a novel in which the poet Joaquin writes the work Confessions and has an artistic rivalry with the title painter, who paints Cain murdering his brother. For 10 points, name this author of "San Manuel Bueno, Martir," Niebla, and Abel Sanchez.
Answer: Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo
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This movie's title character was first developed in a "toast" on the album Eat Out More Often, which claimed that that title character had an uncle named "Sudden Death" and was "drinkin' whiskey and gin" "at the age of one." In the sequel to this movie, the protagonist fights the "Nunchuk Champion of Central America" and defeats Joe Cavaletti; that film is called The Human Tornado. This movie features Vainus Rackstraw as a character who "kicks his own ass twice a day," the "Hamburger Pimp" Creeper. The titular character is aided by the Reverend Gibbs and the FBI Agent Blakely, who eventually arrests the corrupt detectives Mitchell and White. D'Urville Green plays its antagonist, who takes over the title character's club "The Total Experience" while he is imprisoned; however, the title character and his all-girl army of kung-fu killers led by Queen Bee end up getting their revenge on Willie Green. Referenced in a Futurama episode in which Professor Farnsworth claims that Bender is partly made of a namesake "tough black mineral that don't cop out when there's heat all about," for 10 points, identify this 1975 blaxploitation movie starring Rudy Ray Moore as the titular pimp, not to be confused with calcium magnesium carbonate or Pat Freeburn.
Answer: Dolemite [accept "It's Dolemite, baby!"]
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The "geography" and "future" of this concept were both the topics of two books by Benjamin Cohen. In his 1967 essay "On the Concept of Influence," Talcott Parsons referred to it as a "symbolic embodiment," and called for a sociology of this concept in the 1971 paper "Higher Education as a Theoretical Focus." Karl Polanyi distinguished between the "all-purpose" and the "special-purpose" varieties of it, while Max Weber referred to it as "the most abstract and impersonal element... in human life." Karl Marx used the term "fraternization of impossibilities" to refer to the way in which it "exchange[s] every property for every other." For 10 points, identify this substance which along with "employment," and "interest," is the subject of the best-known work of John Maynard Keynes.
Answer: money
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This figure carried around a silver branch of apples while disguised as a young boy in his role as guardian of Emhain Abhlach, and it is said that either he or Tethra rules over Mag Mell. He once gave a goblet that breaks when three lies are spoken over it and restores itself with the speaking of three truths to Cormac mac Airt, and his other possessions include a cloak made of mists that he used to keep his wife and a hero from ever meeting each other again. One of his daughters owned the horse Embarr, and he was the first owner of the sword Fragarach. He and Finn McCool are both grandfathers of Plor na mBan because the bard Oisin married this god's daughter Niamh, and his wife, Fand, had a brief affair with Cuchulainn. More famously, he's the foster father of the son of Ethniu that defeated Balor during the second Battle of Magh Tuireadh, Lugh of the Long Arm. For 10 points, name this Celtic deity, a god of the sea with strong ties to the Isle of Man, the son of another sea god named Lir.
Answer: Manannan mac Lir [accept Barinthus]
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This work notes that "each half lives a hundred different lives," and contrasts those who wait with one who waits in hope. Its speaker denounces himself as a half-believer in "casual creeds" and recounts leaning backward in "a pensive dream" during a mid-summer crossing of the Thames at Bab-lock-hithe, but fails to spot the title character, who is probably off observing fair maidens dancing around the May-pole at Fyfield. The title character also lingers near the Cumner Hills and in Bagley Woods, and the speaker thinks that he saw him struggling against the snow on a bridge near Hinskey. This poem ends with two stanzas describing the voyage of a Tyrian trade-ship sailing the Mediterranean to Iberia, and begins with the speaker urging a shepherd to tend to his flocks. Based on a tale from The Vanity of Dogmatizing by Glanvill, for 10 points, name this long poem about a student who leaves Oxford to wander around, by Matthew Arnold.
Answer: "The Scholar-Gipsy"
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The general form of this theory, such as that applied to QED, gives rise to Dyson series, and that general form can be used to derive Fermi's golden rule of state transitions. The no level-crossing theorem applies to energy states derived using this theory and when combined with quantum chromodynamics in situations where the coupling constant is small, this theory can be used to calculate the cross section of electron-positron annihilation. Its time independent, non-degenerate form can be used to derive the quadratic Stark effect, while the linear Stark effect is derived from its time-independent degenerate form. It is also used in models of the hydrogen atom to derive splitting due to spin-orbit and spin-spin coupling by adding those relatively small interactions to the larger Hamiltonian, and in classical physics it was applied by Poincare to the 3-body problem. For ten points, identify this theory which is used to approximate solutions by starting with known solutions and expanding a power series in terms of a small parameter.
Answer: perturbation theory [accept word forms]
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One man of this name and number died in a shipwreck off the coast of Wales after marrying Cecilia Haakonsdottir, and faced the rebellion of his cousin Laglan. In addition to that one, known as "The Black," who was a king of the Isle of Mann, another man of this name and number had the Jelling Stones constructed and betrayed his ally Styrbjorn the Strong by not attending the Battle of Fırisvellir. One man of this name won the Battle of Hafrsfjord and is the focus of Glymdrapa by his court poet Torbjorn Hornklove. Another of this name faced the invasion of Alfred Atheling and Edward the Confessor before being succeeded by Harthacanute. For 10 Points, give the shared name and number of these kings of Denmark, Norway and England, nicknamed Harefoot, Bluetooth and Fairhair.
Answer: Harald I
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Giovanni Boldini depicted a red one along a highly impressionistic stone walkway. Maurice Prendergrast showed some ladies in straw hats getting out some food in his painting of a "Picnic" with a red one. A small, hat-wearing boy stares at the viewer while the central figure walks through a field clutching one of these in Claude Monet's La Promenade. In a painting titled after one of these objects, a red-haired girl puts her arm on the shoulder of a florally-decked little girl clutching a circular rope, while the central figure is a comely woman who looks at the viewer while carrying a basket on her elbow. A rear-facing woman holding hands with a child in white, and a lumpy-assed woman with a monkey on a leash both hold these in Seurat's Sunday Afternoon on the Isle of La Grand Jatte. Titling a painting by Renoir, for 10 points, name these objects toted by the figures in Gustave Caillebotte's Paris Street, Rainy Day.
Answer: umbrellas [accept bumbershoots or parasols]
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TB. In one of this author's works, Nutbeam's friends get drunk and sink his boat to prevent him from leaving for Brazil at his farewell party. In another, Loyal Blood travels across the American West while his family is slowly destroyed by the arrival of a new age. An accordion owner is lynched and his cursed accordion brings painful ends to its successive owners in "Accordion Crimes." This author's short story collections include "Heartsongs" and "Close Range: Wyoming Stories," which itself contains "The Half-Skinned Steer" and "The Mud Below." This author's novels also include "That Old Ace in the Hole," "Postcards," and "The Shipping News," but she is most famous for another short story. For 10 points, name this woman, author of "Brokeback Mountain."
Answer: E. Annie Proulx [accept The Shipping News before "this author's," because that would be a fucking amazing buzz!]
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Brown + MIT
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Name the following authors of Chicano fiction, for 10 points each.,
[10] This dude wrote a "New American Play" called I Don't Have to Show You No Stinking Badges! in addition to a work that sees a crazy alter-ego thing going on in which gang leader Hank Reyna occasionally becomes the mythical El Pachuco, Zoot Suit.
Answer: Luis Miguel Valdez
[10] Tenorio murders Narciso, who whispers "Confess me" in this man's novel about the title healer, Bless Me, Ultima.
Answer: Rudolfo Alfonso Anaya
[10] This author of "Geraldo No Last Name" and My Wicked, Wicked Ways is probably best known for a series of vignettes about a family ramshackle abode, The House on Mango Street.
Answer: Sandra Cisneros
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It consists of three structural genes labeled A through E, and its mRNA can form two different types of hairpins. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this operon, that, unlike, the lac operon, is repressed by the presence of its namesake molecule.
Answer: Trp operon or Tryptophan operon
[10] A secondary method of repressing the trp operon is this mechanism, whereby the synthesis of a leader peptide with two consecutive trp residues is slowed down.
Answer: Attenuation
[10] This other operon encodes luciferin and luciferase, and as its name suggests, controls the production of light in bioluminescent organisms.
Answer: Lux operon
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Seven isn't just for sins any more. For 10 points each:,
[10] There are seven of these in the Sura al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran. A term meaning miracle, it has come to refer to the verses in the Quran, since each saying of Allah is a miracle.
Answer: Ayat [or Ayah, the singular]
[10] "Woman, behold your son: behold your mother" and "My God, why have you forsaken me" are two of these seven of these quotations of a dying holy man.
Answer: Sayings of Jesus on the cross [accept reasonable equivalents that include synonyms for sayings, Jesus, and cross]
[10] There are seven ranks in this mystery religion, with each initiate beginning with Corax and progressing to Leo. The Perses, Heliodromus, and Pater were reserved for only a chosen few.
Answer: Mithraism [accept Mithraic Mysteries or Mysteries of Mithras, but not "Mithra"]
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In 2006, this band's lead guitarist Dave "Brownsound" Baksh left to go make some really boring songs with his side project Brown Brigade. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this pop-punk band which released Underclass Hero in 2007 after earlier gaining a bit of fame with singles like "In Too Deep" and "Fat Lip" from 2001's All Killer No Filler.
Answer: Sum 41 [accept The Sums from anyone who got very confused by the "Still Waiting" video]
[10] Sum 41's Canadian frontman Deryck Whibley is married to this makeup-caked Canadian singer/songwriter, who is responsible for such songs as as "Complicated," "Sk8er Boi," and the not-entirely-terrible "Girlfriend."
Answer: Avril Lavigne [also accept Avril Whibley]
[10] Before Baksh left, Sum 41 had an alter-ego metal band called Pain for Pleasure. Among the songs they performed was this badass 1983 song, in which Ronnie James Dio notes that the title figure has been "down too long in the midnight sea" and exhorts you to "Ride the tiger." Its video features Dio wandering around killing things with a sword.
Answer: "Holy Diver"
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Identify the following about women in British history, for 10 points each:,
[10] This woman remained queen even as her husband had such mistresses as Nell Gwyn and Barbara Villiers. She brought Tangiers and Bombay as part of her dowry and retained the right to practice Catholicism freely.
Answer: Catherine of Braganza
[10] Henry V invaded France and demanded the hand of this daughter of Charles VI. She was the mother of Henry VI and she is the paternal grandmother of Henry VII, through her second marriage to Owen Tudor.
Answer: Catherine of Valois
[10] While hanging out with her husband Edward the III after the Battle of Crecy, Philippa of Hainault successfully convinced Eddy to spare the lives of these six leaders of a beseiged French port town who were led by Eustache de Saint Pierre.
Answer: the Burghers of Calais [or Bourgeoise de Calais or whatever equivalents there are for Burghers]
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For whatever reason, somebody on the MIT team loves Rococo art, so identify these Rococo paintings for 10 points each.,
[10] In this charming painting by Jean-Honore Fragonard, a young lady in a frothy pink dress kicks her shoe towards a man gazing lovingly up her skirt.
Answer: The Swing
[10] When he wasn't busy "prostituting his own wife" to create a bunch of Odalisque portraits, Francois Boucher created this depiction of a goddess preparing for the day while being attended by three cherubs.
Answer: The Toilet of Venus
[10] In addition to such still lifes as The Ray and The Attributes of Music, Jean-Baptiste Chardin painted a few different versions of this work, in which Monsieur Le Noir's son concentrates on building the title object.
Answer: The House of Cards [accept The Son of M. Le Noir amusing himself in making a house of cards or Le fils de M. Le Noir s'amusant a faire un chateau de cartes]
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Identify these developers of various types of psychological therapies, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man's best-known work is On Becoming a Person, though he is perhaps most famous for advocating his concept of "client-centered therapy" in his second book, Counseling and Psychotherapy.
Answer: Carl Ransom Rogers
[10] Starting as a researcher in human sexuality, this man later moved on to develop a form of therapy designed to remove self-defeating thoughts called rational-emotive therapy.
Answer: Albert Ellis
[10] This Holocaust survivor drew on that experience to develop his theory of logotherapy in his most famous work, Man's Search for Meaning.
Answer: Viktor Emil Frankl
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Credited as the source of the title of Pride and Prejudice, it describes a young heiress and her encounters with a proud family. For 10 points each:,
[10] The titular heiress, who by the terms of her father's will can only keep her fortune if her husband takes her name, falls in love with Mortimer Devile, who refuses to give up his title and family to marry her. Several thousand pages later, everything ends happily.
Answer: Cecilia, or Memoirs of an Heiress
[10] Cecilia was written by this British author, whose first work, Evelina, was an epistolary novel describing a young woman's entrance into society. Her other works include Camilla and The Wanderer.
Answer: Frances "Fanny" Burney
[10] One of Fanny Burney's contemporaries, this Irish author wrote such novels as Belinda, which described a controversial interracial marriage, as well as one narrated by the steward Thady Quirk, Castle Rackrent.
Answer: Maria Edgeworth
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Stuff about a reaction from organic chemistry, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this reaction, named for a Russian, a haloester reacts with a ketone or an aldehyde to yield a beta hydroxy-ester.
Answer: Reformatsky reaction
[10] The Reformatsky reaction proceeds via the formation of an organometallic intermediate featureing this element, which is also used to reduce a carbonyl containing compound in the Clemmensen reduction.
Answer: zinc
[10] The Clemmensen reduction is similar to this reaction, which also sees the reduction of a carbonyl compound, but this time in the presence of a strong base. It proceeds via a hydrazone intermediate.
Answer: Wolff-Kishener reduction
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Give the following extremely difficult piano suites, for 10 points each.,
[10] This twelve-part Isaac Albeniz suite includes such sections as Malaga, Almeria, and El Corpus a Seville, all depicting locations in and around Andalusia.
Answer: Iberia
[10] Written after its composer took a trip to the Caucasus, it begins with a Kabardian dance and was so difficult that that supposedly-virtuoso composer, Mily Balakirev, could not play it.
Answer: Islamey: An Oriental Fantasy
[10] This is the last and most difficult section of Ravel's "caricature of Romanticism," Gaspard de la Nuit, in which a small goblin flits around, scaring a man in his house. Like the rest of Gaspard, it was apparently written to outdo Balakirev.
Answer: "Scarbo"
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about California literature. No Ted, none of the answers are your father this time.,
[10] This Susan Sontag novel is about Polish actress Helena Modjeska, called Maryna Zalewska in the book, and tells the story of her immigration to California as well as her rise to American stardom.
Answer: In America
[10] This Armenian-American was born in Fresno, where he set many books, like "My Name Is Aram" and "The Human Comedy." Other works include "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze," "Tracy's Tiger," and "The Time of Your Life."
Answer: William Saroyan
[10] This California poet wrote works that support the environmental movement, like "Hurt Hawks" and Roan Stallion.
Answer: Robinson Jeffers
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A headless statue of this man from dated to around 90 AD was found in Mathura. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this ruler, the son of Vajeshkha, who succeeded Kadphises II. The odd thing about his reign is that there are "too many compelling pieces of evidence" about the time period he ruled, according to some scholars.
Answer: Kanishka I
[10] Kanishka I was a noted ruler of this empire, which extended from the Ganga's plain in the south to Afghanistan in the north, and thus was conveniently located along the silk road.
Answer: Kushana kingdom
[10] These two giant objects, carved into a mountainside, were found in the Gandhara region of the Kushan kingdom, were destroyed by the Taliban in 2001.
Answer: statues of Buddha at Bamiyan
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Identify some prize-winning architects who are pretty cool, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man was posthumously awarded the 1993 AIA Gold Medal. His architectural works include the plantation house Poplar Forest and the design for the University of Virginia campus, as well as the Virginia State Capitol.
Answer: Thomas Jefferson
[10] The written works of this 2000 Pritzker Prize winner include Delirious New York and S,M,L,XL. This Dutch architect has designed such buildings as Beijing's CCTV Building and the Seattle Public Library, as well as a bunch of Prada shops.
Answer: Remment Lucas "Rem" Koolhaas
[10] This Valencian won the 1979 Auguste Perret Award and the 2005 AIA Gold Medal. His designs include Malmo's Turning Torso building, the Milwaukee Art Museum, and the Chords Bridge in Jerusalem.
Answer: Santiago Calatrava Valls (VAYS)
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You, Ted Gioia, and a time machine. Join the thuggish Gioia clan and answer these questions about one of the two Sicilies, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Norman kicked the Byzantines out of Italy in 1071 and died while on a bender in the Greek islands sieging Cephallonia.
Answer: Robert Guiscard
[10] This man beat Conradin and Manfred, the last members of the Norman dynasty, at Benevento and Tagliacozzo at the bequest of the pope. He then invaded Albania and Epirus.
Answer: Charles of Anjou or Charles I of Naples
[10] Peter III of this kingdom defeated Charles of Anjou and came out of it with Sicily and Philip III of France vendetta against him.
Answer: Aragon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He lost his position as commander of a navy of 80,000 soldiers after attempting to seduce the goddess Chang'e, and he is given the task of cleaning the altars of heaven at the end of the work in which he appears. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this monster and companion of Sun Wukong, who uses a giant rake as a weapon.
Answer: Zhu Bajie [accept Zhu Wuneng or Pigsy]
[10] Zhu Bajie was kicked out of heaven after Cheng-e appealed to this ruler, who also gave Sun Wukong a job in the heavenly stables.
Answer: Jade Emperor [accept Yu Huang, Yu Di, Tien Kung, or a variety of other things that people have no business answering]
[10] Zhu Bajie, Sun Wukong, and Sha Wujing all followed this monk in his quest for the holy scriptures. Zhu Bajie was the only one of the group not transformed into a Buddha at the journey's end, instead receiving all the food he wanted.
Answer: Xuanzang [accept Tangsanzang or Tripitaka]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these works which have something in common, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title character of this Tennyson poem is shipwrecked on a voyage and after his return, finds that his wife Annie Lee has married his childhood friend Philip Ray. Before dying, he tells his story to Miriam Lane.
Answer: Enoch Arden
[10] In this Max Beerbohm story, found in the collection Seven Men, the title character sells his soul to the Devil to preserve his literary stature, only to discover that in the future, he is only remarkable as the character of a Max Beerbohm story.
Answer: "Enoch Soames"
[10] Enoch Emery delivers the "new jesus" to Hazel Motes, who runs the "Church without Christ" in this novel by Flannery O'Connor.
Answer: Wise Blood
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some things about a particular type of runtime error in Java, for 10 points each.,
[10] This error occurs when dereferencing the namesake object; one method of causing it involves calling the instance method of an object that doesn't exist.
Answer: NullPointerException
[10] NullPointerExceptions can be caused by this mechanism run amok, which removes objects that will never be accessed by the program again.
Answer: Garbage Collection
[10] Sometimes, a value of null is used to indicate the end of these structures, rather than a sentinel node. The latter is usually less costly.
Answer: Linked List
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lakatos pointed out that his paradigm of "critical tests" fails to account for the fact that non-corroboration is not always the same as falsification. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this philosopher who wrote The Logic of Scientific Discovery.
Answer: Karl Raimund Popper
[10] Popper asserts that the titular concept confuses trends with laws in this 1940 work, which argues that social science is wrongly conceived in trying to predict society's future and leads to authoritarianism, and bashes such luminaries as Freud, Adler, and Marx.
Answer: The Poverty of Historicism
[10] One criticism of Popper's falsifiability is a thesis that claims that a single hypothesis can never be tested on its own, named after Pierre Duhem and this man, who wrote The Ways of Paradox and The Web of Belief.
Answer: Willard Von Orman Quine
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They succeeded in killing King Alexander while on a visit to Marseille in 1934. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of terrorists whose slogan "Za dom Spremni" means "Ready for the Fatherland."
Answer: Ustashe
[10] This member of the Ustashe was installed as poglavnik by the Nazis and had an adventurous post-World War II romp through Austria, Italy, Argentina, Paraguay, and Spain.
Answer: Ante Pavelich
[10] Prince Aimone of Savoy, slightly better known as Tomislav II was the puppet ruler of this country ruled by the Ustashe during WWII. Unlike Chris Ray, he never had the balls to actually step foot in this country.
Answer: Croatia [or Hrvatska]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was first observed by Peter Gruneberg and Albert Fert. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this effect in which the application of magnetic field reduces a certain property in materials that made of thin strips of metal. A "giant" form of it is now applied in the production of hard drives.
Answer: magnetoresistance [or MR; accept giant magnetoresistance]
[10] The wikipedia page for magnetoresistance includes an explanation of the effect using this equation, which states that the force on a charged object in an E field and B field is equal to the product of the quantity E field plus velocity cross B field times charge.
Answer: Lorentz force law
[10] The Lorentz gauge, like almost all other gauges, gives rise to this problem, where the gauge condition does not have a unique solution for the gauge element. It can be understood as arising out the topological nature of the Principal bundle P.
Answer: Gribov problem or ambiguity

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