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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Michigan MLK Tossups by Ray Luo
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Later in life, this man composed the Trialogus , which features a dialogue between three characters Alithia, Phronesis, and Pseudis. Condemned at the so-called Blackfriars Synod by William Courtenay, he retired to Lutterworth, though his body was later exhumed and his ashes spread along the River Swift. The subject of attack by 18 theses and five bulls of Pope Gregory XI, his large following included his longtime associate Purvey and later men like John Oldcastle. Known as the ?morning star of the Reformation,? FTP, name this man who denied the validity of transubstantiation and created an English translation of the Bible, and whose followers were known as Lollards.
Answer: John Wycliffe
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Its specification follows the Wilkinson-Rogers notation, and by Cochran's theorem, its F statistic for model comparison can be found by the difference in RSS between small and large models divided by the RSS for the large model, the null hypothesis. Prediction using it involves a larger confidence interval by sigma hat square, and thePRESS and studentized residuals are used to detect outliers in it. This model is diagnosed using Cook's distance plot and studentized residuals, and a specification of y = X beta + constant variance Gaussian error for it can be solved for beta using least squares normal equations. FTP, name this modeling procedure found in "weighted," "multiple," and "linear" varieties, which Galton named for genetic reversion.
Answer: regression (accept modifiers like "linear" and "multiple" before they are mentioned)
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The New Yorker noted that, "anyone with pretensions to culture will be able to reply offhand" that it was this man who was unable to push a dead cat over a waterfall. He attempted to start a school in Lichfield, and after that failed he and his pupilDavid Garrick went to London, the titular subject of his first satire. Garrick later managed a production of his only dramatic work, a tragedy about the love of Mehmet II for a Christian slave, which proved unpopular. More famous is his novella about characters like Nekayah, Imlac, and a titular prince, and his bi-weekly essay series proved unpopular at first, but when collected into book form, The Rambler, did quite well. FTP, name this "Great Cham of Literature", an English author of Lives of the Poets and a Dictionary of the English Language.
Answer: Samuel Johnson
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One of the central figures in this work speaks into the right ear of a bearded man wearing a blue jacket and a red cape, while that man holds one finger near to his mouth and focuses his attention on a third figure who bears a white cloth over her left thigh and averts her head from him, holding one hand near her neck and the other extended away from her body. At the age of 17 the artist completed this piece, which has also been depicted by Guido Reni and Van Dyck, and was no doubt influenced by sexual mistreatment at the hands of Agostino Tassi. Also the title of a Rembrandt painting, FTP, name this Gentileschi work depicting an episode from the Bible in which two old judges prey upon a virtuous Jewess.
Answer: Susanna and the Elders (and variants with those words)
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One tributary of this river, which flows through the towns of Burley and Payette, is the Owyhee River which bends back south. Another of its tributaries rises in the Sawtooth Mountains and flows north near Borah Peak through the Bitterfoot Mountains, at one point referred to as the River of No Return. That tributary is the Salmon River, but this river is itself the main tributary of another that it meets near Pasco, long after it passes over the Shoshone Falls. Flowing through Grand Teton National Park after originating in southern Yellowstone, FTP, name this river that spends a lot of time in Idaho and then joins the Columbia, and which contains a famous canyon.
Answer: Snake River
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One minor ruler of this empire, Abubakari II, launched two mysterious expeditions. After conflict between Ouati and Khalifa, a freed slave came to power named Sakura, who likely expanded its boundaries to Tekrur. It contained the semi-autonomous kingdom of Mema and its fourteen provinces included the rebellious Dyolof and Diara. Its founder proclaimed the Kouroukan Fouga and established the G'baraassembly, after emerging victorious at the Battle of Kirina over Sumanguru Kante of Soso, establishing the imperial capital at Niani. Another of its rulers set out on a well-recounted hajjto Mecca. Founded by Sundiata and ruled at its height by Mansa Musa, FTP, name this medieval African empire which included Timbuktu.
Answer: Mali Empire**
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One example of these is the Franklin-Marshall solvent system hypothesis. One is named after Gilles Klopman and Ralph Pearson, and rebuts the presumptions of Fajans Rules. One of them is named after Usanovich, and is helpful because it extends beyond co-ordination reactions. The Lux-Flood one depends upon oxides, and the above Pearson one is known as the hard-soft principle. The Bronsted-Lowry one depends on acceptance of protons, the Lewis one on electron pairs, and the Arrhenius one simply on the presence of H+ and OH- ions. FTP, these are all what type of theories, which provide ways to determine if the pH of a compound is above seven or below seven.
Answer: acid-base theories (accept just about anything close mentioning acidity/basicity)
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The title character falls in love with a woman after watching her play Juliet in Romeo and Juliet , but this woman never learns his real name, addressing him only as Prince Charming. Following a visit to an opium den, the suicide of Alan Campbell is revealed, and at the novel's end, the title character is identified only by his distinct jewelry. James Vane vows to avenge his sister's death but instead dies in a hunting accident, while another character's death goes unnoticed because he is killed immediately before he was supposed to go to Paris. FTP, name this story of Lord Henry Wotton, the actress Sibyl Vane, and the painter Basil Hallward, who creates the titular artwork that grows old and ugly while its subject remains young.
Answer: The Picture of Dorian Gray
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Hymns to this god sometimes include invocations to lesser gods that he was associated with, like Cinteotl and Xochipilli. The lesser-known relations of this deity include his second wife Matal-cueye and his older sister Huixto-ci-huatl. Also known as Ah Hoya andAh Tzenul, one of his analogues was the deity Cosijo. He fathered the lunar deity Tecciz-tecatl, and after Tezcatlipoca stole his first wife, he turned to his main consort, the jade-skirted one, Chal-chi-huitl-cue. The ruler over the third of five worlds, children were often sacrificed to him and he was believed responsible for diseases like dropsy and rheumatism. FTP, name this Aztec god of fertility and rain.
Answer: Tlaloc
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Drummer Zutty Singleton called him a railroad man, and he toured with the Number One Benbow circuit after his grandma Mimi Pechet turned him out "cuz he shouldn't' be around his sisters." Composer of Muddy Water Blues and Grandpa's Spells , he's described as "tall and chancy, lady's fancy, and red-hot stuff" in his namesake blues tune. Alan Lomax got him to record 12 LPs for the Library of Congress late in his career, mainly because he claimed to invent the music in Storyville whorehouses. FTP, name this pianist of Wolverine Blues, King Porter, and The Pearls, the first man to write down jazz music, whose nickname comes from an erotic motion and not an edible treat, ?Jelly Roll.?
Answer: Jelly Roll Morton; or Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe
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He helped to defeat degenerationism by showing that high cultures in many cases originated as low cultures, defining culture as ? that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.? He visited Mexico with Henry Christy, and his time in that nation led to his work Anahuac, or Mexico and the Mexicans. That was followed by Researches into the Early History of Mankind, which helped build his reputation in the field. Yet he's better known for researching the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art, and custom is his magnum opus. FTP, name this British anthropologist, author of Primitive Culture.
Answer: Edward Tylor
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This city was robbed of victory when its ships confusedly retreated at the Battle of Sybota. It was ruled for a time by Periander, who constructed a stone trackway and cemented an alliance with Thrasybulus, ending an enmity that went back to the Lelantine War. It founded the dutiful colony of Potidaea, which it sent annual magistrates to, and a war named after this polis was fought from 395-387 B.C., featuring a notable 390 battle at its port of Lechaeum. Ruled by the harsh tyrant Cypselus, it also founded the rebellious colony of Corcyra as well as Syracuse. FTP, name this city-state bordered by the Saronic Gulf and its namesake gulf, located on an isthmus.
Answer: Corinth
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According to the Surani hypothesis, this process is unlikely to occur in certain circumstances. Different forms of it include thelytoky, deuterotoky, and arrhenotoky, while its botanical analogue is apomixis. Mockford made breakthrough studies of the automictic and apomictic types of it in psocids. Some whiptails and geckos are also studied for their use of it, while aphids notably perform it during the summer. FTP, give this term for the growth of an organism from an unfertilized gamete, a type of asexual reproduction from the Greek for ?virgin birth.?
Answer: parthenogenesis (prompt on asexual reproduction)
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The epilogue begins with a game of checkers, after which Yogarindra, Loki, and Beelzebub appear. This work was influenced by Farmington , a 1904 novel written by the author's law partner, Clarence Darrow. Sexsmith the Dentist notes that, "a moral truth is a hollow truth\\ which must be propped with gold," while Benjamin Fraser is the illegitimate child of Benjamin Pantier. Knowlt Hoheimer asks the meaning of the words, "Pro Partria." The main plot concerns the battle between the liberal party of Jefferson Howard and John Cabanis and the corrupt conservatism of Mayor A.D. Blood and the banker Thomas Rhodes. FTP, name this work consisting of epitaphs of the citizens of an Illinois town, the masterpiece of Edgar Lee Masters.
Answer: Spoon River Anthology
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This man was a friend of Dave Thomas and says he employed his famous daughter Wendy as a babysitter. He was drafted in the seventh round by the Cleveland Browns, but they cut him in favor of wide receiver Gary Collins. He wore number 5 in college but had to settle for being the second leading scorer on those teams, which featured Mel Nowell, Larry Siegfried, and Bobby Knight as a reserve coached by Fred Taylor. But, he will probably forever be connected to Johnny Most and Hal Greer during the Eastern Conference Finals of 1965, when this man stole the inbound pass. His number 17 was retired in 1978, after winning eight championships and becoming the all-time leading scorer for the Boston Celtics. FTP, name this great sixth man nicknamed ?Hondo.?
Answer: John ?Hondo? Havlicek
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A speech analyzing this work is appended to the 1972 publication From the Journal of a Snail . The artist produced a less famous work entitled ?The Knight? with the same materials a year before completing this work. The small figure at center rests his left foot near a piece of rope and looks straight down, while the man next to him gazes off to the left with a wreath on his head. Three nails lie on the ground at bottom-right next to a saw and a plane. The rainbow in the background as well as the crucible, a magic square of the fourth order, the seven-runged ladder, a large polyhedron, and the graduated scales are all symbols of alchemy. FTP, name this 1514 copper engraving by Albrecht Durer about the saddest of the four temperaments.
Answer: Melancholia I
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An influential commentary on this work was authored by Joseph Catalano in 19 This work posits a gap between motives and actions, which are given an inertia in a futile attempt to explain the interpenetration of time. The author conceives of even the identity principle as synthetic, and defines irony in terms of denial and affirmation. More to the point is the distinction between the ?ideal? cynical lie, the common lie, and the simple mistake or falsehood, and their respective transcendent natures. Arguing that ?existence precedes essence,? it is subtitled as ?An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology? and contains a lengthy discussion of ?bad faith.? FTP, name this classic of existentialism published in 1943 by Jean-Paul Sartre.
Answer: Being and Nothingness
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This man's enemies made much of the fact that he appeared friendly with German spy Bolo Pacha, and he was the target of attacks for campaign contributions by Boies Penrose. He backed Thomas Hisgen as a candidate when he organized the Independence League, after having himself lost to Charles Evans Hughes running for governor. Married longtime to chorus girl Millicent Wilson and known for his affair with Marion Davies, his domestic life is perhaps most associated with architect Julia Morgan, who constructed his lavish estate at San Simeon. FTP, name this owner of the New York Morningand Evening Journalsand editor of the San Francisco Examiner, a promoter of yellow journalism.
Answer: William Randolph **Hearst
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A lesser-known equation put forth by this scientist relates magnetic alteration to the square of wire length. He built on work of Heinrich Geissler in developing a mercury displacement pump, while some of his more famous achievements were discovered concurrently with Julius Robert von Mayer. His most well-known equation relates a quantity to the electrical current squared multiplied by electrical resistance and time, and his name provides an alternate title for the Brayton Cycle. Known for a paddle-wheel experiment and a collaboration that examined the throttling process and resultant cooling effect with Thomson, FTP, name this English physicist who gives his name to the SI unit of work.
Answer: James Prescott Joule
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This author's adaptation of Orestes begins with the title character pushing a matchbox off his knee. Gladys goes mad over suspecting her husband of sending Steve to Jail in A Lesson from Aloes . In his only novel, the title gangster steals a BMW only to find a baby in the back, whom he then forces Miriam to breastfeed. Elsa Barlow and Marius Byleveld help the sculptor Miss Helen cope with a spiritual crisis in The Road to Mecca, while an old man's corpse is beaten post-mortem by one of the titular ?coloreds? in Boesman and Lena. The difference in color between Zachariah and Morris dominates his The Blood Knot, but better known is his play set in St. George's Park Tea Room about the class differences between Willie and Sam and their employer, Hally. FTP, name this South African author of Master Harold and the Boys.
Answer: Athol Fugard
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The house of Commons refused to see petitions against this act, because they were written by an unauthorized body, and John Dickinson's Declaration of Rights and Grievanceswas ignored. Attacks on Andrew Oliver by the Loyal Nine and threats against public officials prompted English merchants to urge for its repeal, which came after an argument by Benjamin Franklin. Parliament refused to repeal it unless the Declaratory act was passed to reaffirm its authority in the colonies, and George Grenville's tax precipitated its namesake congress. FTP, name this act protested against by the Sons of Liberty, a 1765 tax on contracts, licenses, and newspapers.
Answer: Stampact
2007 Michigan MLK Bonuses by Ray Luo
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Its preface mentions “poison, arson, sex, narcotics, and knives” and some souls “still too sick”. FTPE:,
[10] Name this collection including poems like “Invitation to the Voyage” and the section “Spleen and Ideal,” first released in 1857.
Answer: The Flowers of Evil or Les Fleurs du Mal
[10] Les Fleurs du Malis a work by this French author of La Fanfario and The Painter of Modern Life.
Answer: Charles Baudelaire
[10] In this work, published in 1897, Baudelaire spoke of his fears regarding his destiny of eternal solitude, feelings most likely exacerbated by a break with his mother.
Answer: My Heart Laid Bare or Mon Couer Mis a Nu
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Answer stuff about protein folding and unfolding, FTPE.,
[10] This is the loss of structure by a protein causing loss of function. It can be achieved with heat, extreme pH, or detergents that disrupt hydrophobic interaction.
Answer: denaturation
[10] By adding urea and reducing agent to denature ribonuclease, this 1972 Nobel prize winner showed that enzymes refold spontaneously, depending only on primary structure.
Answer: Christian Anfinsen
[10] When refolding takes place in the presence of urea that disrupts hydrophobic interaction, bonds named for this element can randomly reform. This element shows up in the amino acid cysteine, and forms cross-linkages.
Answer: sulfur or S
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Answer stuff about American naval controversy, FTPE.,
[10] The ship that supplied William Lyon Mackenzie and his rebels was burned and sent over Niagara Falls by a pack of sneaky loyal Canadians in this 1837 event.
Answer: Caroline Affair
[10] After the Americans in turn burned the SS Robert Peel, this treaty was eventually signed in 1842 that put an end to the Aroostook War and related tensions.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton Treaty
[10] Just before Webster-Ashburton came the Creole case, in which this Ohio Representative proposed a set of nine resolutions arguing that the US had no legal right to seek the return of its slaves, who were partying in the Bahamas.
Answer: Joshua Reed Giddings
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Name these Hebrew Judges, FTPE.,
[10] This last-mentioned Judge in the Book was born to the previously barren wife of Manoah and was foretold to deliver the Israelites from the oppression of the Philistines. That angel also mentioned that he was not to have any razors taken to his head.
Answer: Samson
[10] This grandparent of David moved from Moab to Bethelehem in order to stay with her widowed mother-in-law, Naomi. There, she gleaned the fields of Boaz before marrying her boss.
Answer: Ruth
[10] This son of Gideon ordered his 70 brothers killed, though one, Jotham, escaped. Mortally wounded by a millstone blow to the head in an attack on Thebez, he ordered his armor bearer to cut short his agony.
Answer: Abimelech
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Identify the following works by Sir Edward Elgar, FTPE.,
[10] These are his two military marches for symphony orchestra, one of which is played if and when you graduate.
Answer: Pomp and Circumstance Marches
[10] Also known as Cockaigne, this 1901 concert overture was first performed in the namesake capital city and dedicated to his friends.
Answer: In London Town
[10] Also famous is Elgar's setting of this Cardinal Newman poem about a soul's journey to judgment as an oratorio in two parts, which premiered disastrously in 1900.
Answer: Dream of Gerontius
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Name some figures in developmental psychology, FTPE.,
[10] This co-founder of the Head Start program outlined the ecological systems theory, which names four nested systems - the micro, meso, exo, and macro systems of human relationships and development.
Answer: Uri Bronfenbrenner
[10] This Swiss chap developed stages that children evolve through like sensorimotor and concrete operational, just so people could write annoying TUs on them.
Answer: Jean Piaget
[10] Harry Harlow and John Bowlby are the originators of this psychological theory, which proposes a tendency for young ones to maintain proximity to a particular influential figure, such as a mother. There are secure, avoidant, and ambivalent types of the title concept.
Answer: Attachment theory
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It features the fabric designer Laurel McKelva Hand. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel, in which Laurel returns to Mount Salus, her family home in New Orleans, after her father's death and must reconcile with her estranged stepmother, Fay.
Answer: The Optimist's Daughter
[10] The Optimist's Daughteris a novel by what Mississippi-born author of Delta Wedding?
Answer: Eudora Welty
[10] In this Eudora Welty story, Mr. and Mrs. Pike find out that the titular circus attraction is wanted on four counts of rape after reading a magazine in Leota's barber shop.
Answer: “The Petrified Man
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Now for a genre of bonus that all ACF purists love…name the mineral, FTPE.,
[10] This mineral of tetrahedrally bonded carbon is mined in cratons like the Kaapvaal. Famous named ones include the Koh-i-Noor, the Golden Jubilee, and the Hope.
Answer: diamond
[10] Polonium and radium were discovered in this radioactive mineral composed mostly of uranium oxide, found in deposits in Marysvale, Utah.
Answer: pitchblende (prompt uraninite)
[10] The two natural polymorphs of calcium carbonate are calcite and this mineral, which can refer to a group of minerals where the metal ion bonded to the carbonate is bigger than calcium, like barium carbonate which is known as witherite.
Answer: aragonite
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Name these 20th century leaders in south Asia, FTPE.,
[10] This promoter of Nonalignment became the first prime minister of the Republic of India in 1947, which later saw the rule of his daughter Indira Gandhi.
Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru
[10] This king of Cambodia was restored in 1993 after having ruled through the 50s and 60s up to the rise of Lon Nol, but formally abdicated in 2004.
Answer: King Norodom Sihanouk
[10] Also known as Rama VI, this English educated king took over in Thailand for his dad Chula-long-korn in 1910 and ruled throughout World War I, succeeded by his brother Praja-dhipok in 1925.
Answer: Vajiravudh (or Vajiravuot or “Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua”)
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Answer stuff about the TV career of Kevin Nealon, FTPE.,
[10] Apparently, Kevin showed up on an episode of Fat Actress, the show revolving around this pie-wagon whose less hefty work includes Veronica's Closet and Cheers.
Answer: Kirstie Alley
[10] Kevin plays the city councilman Doug Wilson on this really good show going into its third season, about the unusual suburban life of a mother played by Mary-Louise Parker.
Answer: “Weeds
[10] Featuring the appearance of a young Allison Mack, this short-lived but oft-remembered show on ABC in 1997 co-starred Nealon and Richard Lewis as comically opposite television comedy writers.
Answer: “Hiller and Diller
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Answer stuff about the legend of Roland, FTPE.,
[10] Roland was friends with this legendary slayer of Brehus, who fought for Glorianda against Sadone and Karaheut. He had a really long beard, dwelled in Kronborg, and was a Dane.
Answer: Ogier the Dane
[10] Roland carries this horn of his grandfather Charles the Hammer. He refused to use it at Roncesvalles until his party was lost, and it burst his veins when he did.
Answer: Olifant
[10] The only Christian woman mentioned in the original chanson, she was the sister of Oliver betrothed to Roland who fainted dead after hearing of Roland's death.
Answer: Alda
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She is courted by a radio news writer with whom she ultimately spends eight years of her life. FTPE:,
[10] Name this literary Bolivian woman, whose divorce leads to her later relationship with Mario.
Answer: Aunt Julia or Tia Julia
[10] Aunt Julia is one of the title characters of a novel by this Peruvian author, who also wrote The Time of the Hero and The War of the End of the World.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] The other title character is this “one-man industry,” a writer of soap opera scripts who mentors Mario.
Answer: Pedro Camacho (accept either name, prompt “scriptwriter” after slapping the person)
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Name these antimicrobial agents, FTPE.,
[10] Primarily effective against Gram negative bacteria as it inhibits cell wall synthesis, this beta-lactam was accidentally discovered by Alexander Fleming.
Answer: penicillin
[10] First synthesized at Bayer in the 1930's, this class of drugs won the Nobel in medicine for Gerhard Domagk. They are generally inactive in vitro, having to be broken down in the body to their active forms.
Answer: sulfa drugs or sulfonamides
[10] The most famous "magic bullet" discovered by Paul Ehrlich, this arsenic-containing drug is able to cure syphilis and trypanosomiasis, though it's been supplanted by drugs with less harmful side effects.
Answer: Salvarsan or Arsphenamine or 606
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Name these men who lived it up in the Age of Sail, FTPE.,
[10] This Dutch admiral, a rival of Witte de With killed during the First Anglo-Dutch War at Scheveningen in 1653, pioneered a line of battle tactic used for the next two hundred years in naval warfare.
Answer: Martin (or Maarten) Tromp
[10] This famed British admiral departed radically from line of battle tactics when he led a head-on attack from his flagship Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. He died.
Answer: Horatio Nelson
[10] This French admiral scored a rare French naval victory against the British in 1781, when his victory at Chesapeake Bay allowed the Americans to force Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown.
Answer: Admiral Francois Joseph Paul, comte de Grasse
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Its Third Millennium Gate features a golden manikin blowing a horn between two stylized doorways, and its red cliffs are found at Toubab Dialao and Yenn. FTPE:,
[10] Name this city that also contains the Grande Mosquee in Medina and Goree island, situated on a peninsula to the west of Thies.
Answer: Dakar
[10] Dakar is the capital and largest city of this west African nation that envelops the Gambia.
Answer: Senegal
[10] Senegal lies in this transition zone between the desert area on the north and the savanna to the south, characterized by monsoon rainfall and acidic soil.
Answer: Sahel
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Answer some stuff about a dramatist, FTPE.,
[10] This author wrote of Lady Snearwell and Lady Teazle in The School for Scandaland of Mrs. Malaprop in The Rivals.
Answer: Richard Brinsley Sheridan
[10] This Richard Sheridan drama is about a theatre-goer who is harrased by Sir Fretful Plagiary and the propagandist Puff, who each want Dangle and Sneer to rate their plays. All the while, actors take their own liberties with Mr. Puff's The Spanish Armada.
Answer: The Critic
[10] The character of Sir Fretful Plagiary in The Critic is based on this dramatist who wrote soft sentimental plays like The Brothers, The Fashionable Lover, and The West Indian.
Answer: Richard Cumberland
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He was nominated for a Nobel Prize 81 times but never won. Answer questions about Arnold Sommerfeld, FTPE.,
[10] Sommerfeld's name is occasionally attached to this constant, which he originally introduced in 1916 to measure the splitting in hydrogen spectral lines due to relativistic effects.
Answer: fine structure constant; or alpha
[10] Sommerfeld was an assistant under this mathematician, who married the granddaughter of Hegel and has a certain one-sided bottle named for him.
Answer: Felix Christian Klein
[10] Sommerfeld wrote that the greatest mistake of his life was not working under this German physicist, who is best known for an effect that describes the production of birefriengence in a magnetic field, an analog of the Kerr Effect.
Answer: Woldemar Voigt
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He was banished from Moscow for supporting Sophia Alekseyevna during her regency, and got Prince Alexei to return from Naples to Russia, where he was executed. FTPE:,
[10] Name this diplomat and head of the secret police for Peter the Great, a statesman held by the Turks during their conflict with Russia, and later banished by Catherine I.
Answer: Count Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy
[10] During the Great Northern war, Peter was surrounded on the Pruth River by Turks until Tolstoy bailed him out by negotiating this peace treaty in 1713. Also called Edirne, it shares its name with the 1829 treaty that established Greek independence.
Answer: Peace/Treaty of Adrianople
[10] The peace at Adrianople came four years after this Russian victory over Charles XII of Sweden in Ukraine in 1709, the most famous battle of the Great Northern War.
Answer: Battle of Poltava
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Particularly influenced by Van Gogh and Gauguin, this movement moved from Dresden to Berlin in 1910, but disbanded in controversy in 1913. FTPE:,
[10] Name this German expressionist movement featuring works like Erich Heckel's Spring in Flanders, named for a certain structure.
Answer: Die Brucke; or The Bridge
[10] The painter of landscapes like March, The Reveler, and Flower Garden, this later and older member of Die Brucke from Seebull was influenced by New Guinea tribal art to paint faces as grotesque masks in Life of Maria Aegyptica and Last Supper.
Answer: Emil Nolde
[10] Committing suicide after Nazis confiscated his works, this founding member of Die Brucke was an architectural student influenced by African woodcarvings in Five Women in the Street, Self-Portrait with Model, and Berlin Street Scene.
Answer: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
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Answer the following about a Greek lyric poet, FTPE.,
[10] He liked to compose many choral songs like dithyrambs and hymns, but he's certainly best known for his victory odes composed for Greek athletic festivals, and for being respected by Alexander the Great.
Answer: Pindar
[10] Pindar's victory odes have this Greek name, and he composed four books of them, which in adjective form is often used to describe him as a poet.
Answer: epinikia
[10] Pindar may have harbored some serious hostilities towards this fellow ancient Greek poet, who was from Ceos and was included by Alexandrian scholars in the canon of nine lyric poets. He liked to write epithets and visited the court of Hiero of Syracuse.
Answer: Bacchylides

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