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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Michigan MLK Tossups by Playoff 2
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The production of this compound was described by Yang and Hoffman in 1980, years after Dmitry Neljubow first identified its relevant function. Its biosynthesis is commonly inhibited by AVG and AOA, as well as cobalt chloride and NBD which inhibit its action. That synthesis occurs by a series of three steps, including the second rate-limiting step which forms the cyclic compound ACC catalyzed by the cofactor pyridoxal phosphate. It generates what is known as the triple response as displayed in Arabidopsis, and this compound, which is biologically formed from L-methionine, can be chemically added to benzene to produce styrene. Shown to be enhanced by auxin, FTP, name this gaseous plant hormone which promotes fruit ripening.
Answer: ethylene
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This battle saw the Finch run aground on Crab Island, where it was bombarded by a land cannon manned by people who had stormed out of the hospital on that island. The victors suffered the death of first lieutenant Peter Gamble, while the losers saw the capture of Daniel Pring, the captain of the Linnet , and boasted a massive gunboat dubbed the Confiance, commanded by George Downie. The battle was decisively won when the schooner Saratoga wound ship commanded by Thomas Macdonough, and thereby foiled the invasion of New York by George Prevost. Also known as the Battle of Plattsburgh, FTP, name this American naval victory in the War of 1812, fought in 1814, and named for a body of water briefly known as the ?sixth Great Lake.?
Answer: Battle of Lake Champlain (or Battle of Plattsburgh before mentioned)
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This poet writes that he cultivates neither nettles nor thorns for the cruel person who ?tears out the heart with which I live? in a poem about a white rose, and in a poem about death he asks not to be put in the dark to die like a traitor. A recently published collection of his poems is entitled ?Come, Come My Boiling Blood,? and he is also known for Adultery and Rosa's Little Shoes, a book illustrated by Lulu Delacre. The author of the children's book The Golden Age, Joseito Fernandez made famous the popular song Guantanamera based on a poem by this author of the 1891 essay ?Our America.? The author of Ismaelillo,FTP, name this dominant figure in Cuba's struggle for independence, best known for his Versos Libres.
Answer: Jose Marti
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Book II of this work begins with a reference to Valerius Maximus, and goes on to praise the Abbe de Condillac and Cato in its discussion of maturity and the philosophical spirit. In the preface, the author describes the work as being too large for what it contains but too small for the matter with which it deals. A certain ?pedantic mania? annoys that author, who later suggests that Robinson Crusoe is superior to Aristotle, and that ?shuttle-cock is a game for women.? He says that John Locke is wise but questions his idea on liberality, and dedicates the fifth and final book almost entirely to the considerations of Sophie, drawing criticisms of misogyny from Mary Wollstonecraft and like-minded feminists. FTP, name this ?treatise on education? written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Answer: Emile (accept Treatise on Education or ?L'education?)
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This composer's vocal works include a ?Korean Partisan Song? and a ?Firemen's Song.? His earliest regularly encountered piece is a Piano Concerto in D-flat major featuring an instrument called the flexitone, and his patriotic second symphony in E minor, sometimes called the ?Bell Symphony,? remains the most noted of his three symphonies. His diverse inspirations include music for Lope's comedy ?The Valencian Widow? and his Masquerade Suite on a drama by Lermontov. But, this composer of Happinessis more famous for pieces which include the ?Dance of the Pirates,? the ?Dance of the Rose Maidens,? and ?Lezhginka.? FTP, name this composer of the ballets Spartacusand Gayane, which contains the famous ?Sabre Dance,? a man born in Armenia.
Answer: Aram Khachaturian (Khatchaturian)
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It obeys Gauss's multiplication formula, which reduces to Legendre's relation for the case p equals two, and it was named by the latter man. Euler's first and second integrals relate to this, and it satisfies that man's eponymous reflection formula, which states that its values at x and one minus x multiply to give pi over sine of pi times x. Its value at one-half is, remarkably, the square root of pi, and it is approximated by Stirling's formula for large x. It is also the unique function passing through the point (1,1) that is log-convex for all positive x and satisfies f of x equals x times f of x plus one. FTP, name this ubiquitous function in mathematics which generalizes the factorial to all reals.
Answer: Gamma Function
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The Baker cube is a useful tool in this field of study, which has given rise to problems like Gorman intransitivity and the so-called Scitovsky Reversal Paradox. Scitovsky introduced a double criteria to account for that paradox in this field, described by its namesake Bergson-Samuelson Functions. The first fundamental theorem of it holds that price-taking trade will always result in a point on the contract curve, while the second theorem says that any point on the contract curve can be reached by competitive trading from some given initial allocation. The LSE approach to the new form of it was spearheaded by Nicholas Kaldor and John Hicks. FTP, name this field most notably studied by Amartya Sen, earning him his Nobel, a branch of microeconomics that deals with human behavior and the allocation of resources to promote the namesake social goal.
Answer: Welfare Economics (prompt economics of course)
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The appellation ?Father of the Fathers? was bestowed upon St. Gregory of Nyssa at this meeting, which produced 22 canons. It was tacitly approved by Pope Hadrian I, who sent two legates, including the abbot of St. Sabas. Conducted largely by Tarasius, seven of its eights sessions were held at the namesake site, but the final one returned to Magnaura palace where it could be attended by the Empress Irene, who had initiated it in order to rebuke the policies of Leo III and Constantine V, namely those supporting iconoclasm. Held in 787 B.C., FTP, name this council, which was the second to be held at its site, the first of which was described by Eusebius and featured Constantine the Great declaring his adherence to Christianity.
Answer: Second Council of Nicaea
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One character in this book becomes upset when her husband offers Selmes his horse, but another character often referred to as ?the Girl? is charmed by that act. Maisie Maiden is described as submissive, while Uncle John gives oranges to people across the globe and characters named Mrs. Basil and La Dolciquita also play key roles in the novel. A man named Rufford is the father of Nancy, who sacrifices herself for the protagonist. Rodney Bayham becomes the second husband of Leonora, and the narrator John Dowell begins the work by claiming it is the ?saddest story he ever heard,? probably because his wife Florence had an affair with the title character. FTP, name this novel in which Edward Ashburnham kills himself with a pen-knife, a work by Ford Madox Ford about the titular military man.
Answer: The Good Soldier
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One work by this artist depicts a grieving Achilles and his mother, seemingly unaware of large waves threatening to drown them. His etchings were influenced by Callot and often depicted figures gathered around lone tombs, while his first large-scale altarpiece depicts the Education of the Virgin . Later religious-themed works include his Martyrdom of Agatha and Virgin Appearing to Simon Stock , but this student of Lazzarini and Piazzetta is better remembered for works like Allegory of the Planets and Continentsand The Apotheosis of Spain. His best known exploit included depicting The Wedding of Frederick Barbarossaat a building designed by Balthasar Neumann in the Rococo style. A rival of Anton Mengs, FTP, name this Venetian painter of the grand manner, best known for decorating the New Residenz Palace at Wurzburg.
Answer: Giambattista Tiepolo (or Giovanni Battista Tiepolo)
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Inexplicably, this song has been covered by both Tori Amos and George Michael, though a more recent and mainstream cover is that by Tortoise and Bonnie Prince Billy. It is referenced in a subsequent song by its artist entitled ?The Promise,? and it appears as the first track on its original album followed by ?Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out,? an album that ends with ?Jungleland.? The singer references Roy Orbison ?singing for the lonely? before entreating the subject to ?show a little faith, there's magic in the night, you ain't a beauty but hey you're alright.? Sharing its name with a 1958 movie starring Robert Mitchum as a southern veteran who traffics in moonshine, FTP, name this classic rock hit on the Born to Run album by Bruce Springsteen, about searching for the American dream on the title street.
Answer: Thunder Road
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Towns on the banks of this body of water include Nguigmi and Bol, from which an archipelago extends. This body contains the territorially disputed Darak Island and the Kofia Islands. Fed principally by the Logone River and most importantly the Shari River, the expedition of Hugh Clapperton became the first European one to see this body of water. It dispatched Dixon Denham to study the area surrounding it, especially those areas which had seen the rise of the Kanem-Bornu Empire, for which it served as a geographic center. FTP, name this lake which has shrunk to less than one-tenth its size in the 1960s and situated squarely at the junction of Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, and its namesake African country.
Answer: Lake Chad
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With Inglis, this scientist gives his name to a limit that applies to the Lyman and Balmer series in laser-produced plasmas. His name joins Renner in an effect dealing with splitting in molecular vibrational levels. He formulated a namesake theory used to calculate surface areas of solids through the adsorption of gas molecules, along with Brunauer and Emmett. Along with Gamow, his name may describe certain beta decays and the resulting strength distribution in nuclei. More famously, this man observed the distortion in the axes of symmetric ions in order to remove less stable degenerate states, an effect named for him and Jahn [YON]. FTP, name this guy also known as the ?father of the hydrogen bomb.?
Answer: Edward Teller
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One source on this event is a biography written by Edward Cook of F.E. Garrett, who was shown a proclamation on it by Hercules Robinson. Others involved included the strategist Abe Bailey and a commander Raleigh Grey. In its wake, the interim judge Reinhold Gregorowski, recently called in, sentenced the leaders of the Reform Committee to death. The correspondence of American John Hays Hammond includes a piece offering the ?truth? about this event. A wooden cross was erected to commemorate the surrender at Doornkop, though a more famous memorial would be a telegram from Kaiser Wilhelm II. An effort by a cohort of Cecil Rhodes to capture the gold-rich Transvaal, FTP, name this abortive 1895 South African raid.
Answer: Jameson Raid
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A rousing rendition of the song ?This Life is Weary? is interrupted by a discussion of flags in this story, which features two children named Meg and Hans and a cook named Sadie. The character Jose is called ?the butterfly? because of her elaborate dress, and Kitty Maitland advises Mrs. Sheridan on how to arrange a band. The plot climaxes when Godber's man announces that a neighbor named Scott has been thrown from his horse and killed, a revelation which prompts the protagonist to become upset and suggest that the title event be canceled. Oddly enough, when little Laura treks off to the neighbor's to pay respects, she decides that the man's dead body is beautiful. FTP, name this short story by Katherine Mansfield, which shares its name with a play by Vaclav Havel.
Answer: The Garden Party
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This man argued that organic theories of social evolution like those of Karl Marx should be integrated into a larger encompassing model and his works on pure, applied, and empirical forms of sociology were compiled and published in 1971 by the University of Chicago Press. He published many manuscripts of Thomas Hobbes, and while differentiating between essential and arbitrary forms of will, he regarded the will as superior to intellect and emotion and coined the term ?voluntarism,? later used extensively by Wilhelm Wundt. FTP, name this sociologist best known for distinguishing between the community ties that center on family kinship and the trend toward individualism and selfishness present in larger society, in his epic Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft.
Answer: Ferdinand Tonnies
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This deity, whose epithets include Dumasta and Areyasti, is invoked in a hymn that calls her ?she who delights in the clangor of castanets and drums, roar of flutes, and clamoring of wolves and bright-eyed lions.? One story holds that her genitals gave rise to an almond tree, from which an almond was set upon the breast of the daughter of the river god Sangario, and another story says that she married Gordius and gave birth to Midas. Worshipped at Pessinus, her self-emasculated devotees became known as the Galli, and her consort was Attis. FTP, name this deity, originally a Phrygian goddess in Asia Minor who took on the persona of the Great Mother, given a Greco-Roman name cognate to her epithet Kubileya.
Answer: Cybele (take Kubebe/Kybebe/Kubileya before Kubileya, prompt Great Mother goddess or equivalents or Rhea before almond)
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This reaction is the second step in a Dakin Reaction, and it is analogous in mechanism to a Beckmann rearrangement which deals with amides. It has given rise to namesake mono-oxygenases which are flavoenzymes capable of catalyzing these regioselective reactions. Often catalyzed by boron trifluoride, MCPBA is sometimes used as the peroxyacid, or hydrogen peroxide is used, and either way that peracid reacts with a ketone to form the corresponding ester or with an aldehyde to form a carboxylic acid. In effect used to insert an oxygen into a ketone making it an ester, FTP, name this type of oxidation, named for a famous German chemist Adolf and his student.
Answer: Baeyer-Villiger Reaction/Oxidation
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This kingdom was established when Anawrahta captured the city of Thaton, and its final classical ruler was the ?devout forest king? Nara-thi-hapate. Its capital then moved outward to Ava and then the coastal city of Pegu, which saw the succession of a number of Toungoo Dynasties. Early on, though, it expanded by capturing the territory of the Mons in the south, and was known as the Pagan kingdom, though that empire would decline concurrently with Srivijaya and the others. Its important 20th century figures have included the demented monk Saya San who set himself up as a false king and Ne Win who led the ?Way to Socialism.? FTP, name this country whose leaders have also included Aung San and his daughter Aung San Suu Kyi.
Answer: Burma or Myanmar (or accept Pagan kingdom before mentioned)
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In the last stanza of this poem, the author speaks of that which ?hath kept watch over man's mortality,? and cautions, ?forebode not any severing of our loves.? The 1807 version of this poem had an epigraph quoting Virgil's Eclogues, but all future versions include an epigraph commenting that ?the child is the father to the man,? a line taken from the author's poem, ?My Heart Leaps Up.? Focusing on the radiance of youth, it elucidates the author's theory that ?our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting,? while later years bring ?the philosophic mind.? The titular concept is explored in the line calling it ?the fountain light of all our day.? With a line which declares that ?heaven lies about us in our infancy,? FTP, name this poetic work by William Wordsworth, an ode about eternal memories.
Answer: Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood
 
2007 Michigan MLK Bonuses by Playoff 2
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Plays by Eugene O'Neill, FTPE.,
[10] Two men love the same woman in this 1920 Pulitzer Prize winner featuring the Mayo family, Ruth Atkins, and Captain Dick Scott. Complications ensue.
Answer: Beyond the Horizon
[10] Consisting of The Hunted, The Haunted, and Homecoming, this trio of plays based on the Oresteia features characters like Ezra Mannon, his daughter Lavinia, and Captain Adam Brant.
Answer: Mourning Becomes Electra
[10] Subtitled as “a play for an imaginary theater,” this expansive Biblically-themed work features the namesake dude who returns with a hilarious message about death.
Answer: Lazarus Laughed
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**** Answer stuff about constructivism, FTPE.,
[10] Eminently associated with the constructivist movement is the un-built Vladimir Tatlin monument to this meeting, planned as a 400 meter spiral of iron over the Neva in Petrograd.
Answer: Monument to the Third International
[10] This Russian sculptor, whose works include his Linear Constructions in Space, married painter Miriam Israels and co-authored the Realist Manifesto with his brother Antoine Pevsner.
Answer: Naum Gabo
[10] This guy, who adopted a Spanish-sounding nickname, included all of his paintings in a series of “Prouns,” and did some lithographs like the 1919 “Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge.”
Answer: El Lissitzky (Lazar Markovich Lissitzky)
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Answer the following about some holy alliances, FTPE.,
[10] The Holy League of 1684 under Pope Innocent XI came after Jan III Sobieski had defended Vienna and that league forced the Ottomans to sign this treaty in 1699, ceding a big chunk of Hungary, and greatly limiting their power.
Answer: Treaty of Karlowitz
[10] The Holy League of 1571 under Pope Paul V is of course best known for this victory of Don John of Austria over Ali Pasha, complete with the exploits of Andrea Doria.
Answer: Battle of Lepanto
[10] After Francis I signed the Treaty of Madrid, he turned right around and formed this holy alliance with Pope Clement VII in 1526 to fight the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. It ended in defeat in 1629 by the Treaty of Barcelona.
Answer: (Holy) League of Cognac
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Answer stuff related to Augustin Fresnel, FTSNOP.,
[10] For ten, Fresnel diffraction may be contrasted with this far-field type of diffraction, in which the pattern is independent of distance to the screen.
Answer: Fraunhofer diffraction
[5] For five, Fraunhofer diffraction can be explained by the equation named for Fresnel and this man, better known for his circuit laws, the loop and junction rules.
Answer: Gustav Kirchhoff
[10] For ten, this clothoid curve is a parametric representation which defines Fresnel diffraction by plotting solutions to Fresnel integrals.
Answer: Cornu spiral
[5] For five, Fresnel also formulated a set of three laws for interference in polarized light named for him and this French physicist, who also gives his name to a spot.
Answer: Francois Arago
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One tradition holds that his consort was Svaha, who gave birth to three sons Paavak, Pavamaan, and Shuchi. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Hindu deity better known as a red two-faced fire god with seven tongues often covered in that delicious ghee.
Answer: Agni
[10] An early Vedic trinity of the cosmos is represented by Agni the fire god, Surya the sun god, and this wind god who was the father of Hanuman and Bhima and who once fought with Indra and broke off the top of Mount Meru.
Answer: Vayu
[10] Agni's vehicle is his ram given this name, probably because it means ram in Sanskrit, and thus also applies to the Aries constellation.
Answer: Mesha
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Stuff about a field of social science, FTPE.,
[10] This branch of anthropology is specifically devoted to preserving records of dying cultures before they actually disappear, notably employed by Robert Lowie.
Answer: Salvage Ethnography
[10] Lowie's work in salvage ethnography most famously included his studies of this Yellowstone River Valley Native American tribe, which hosts a large dance celebration every year and now has a reservation near Billings, Montana.
Answer: Crow
[10] This man was the last living member of the Yahi people, thus making him one of the last Native Americans in California to have lived most of his life outside the influence of European and American culture. Alfred Kroeber famously studied him and wrote a book about him “in two worlds.”
Answer: Ishi
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Name these 19th century French poets, FTPE.,
[10] This romantic poet is known for his autobiographical poem “The Lake” and other works like the narrative poem Jocelyn, as well as for being a minister of foreign affairs during the Second Republic.
Answer: Alphonse de Lamartine
[10] This man's poetry includes “La Maison du berger,” but he is perhaps better known for the drama Chatterton, inspired by a story from his own collection Stello, and a historical novel about the Cardinal Richelieu entitled Cinq-Mars
Answer: Comte Alfred Victor de Vigny
[10] “Les Contemplations” and “La Legende des Siecles” are volumes of poetry by this author of The Man Who Laughs, Ninety-Three, and some book about Jean Valjean.
Answer: Victor Hugo
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In lieu of an ill-advised tossup on it, answer this bonus on the rarely mentioned Third Intermediate Period, FTPE.,
[10] Said period began when Smendes started the 21st Dynasty after the death of the eleventh king of this name. The third built a mortuary temple at Medinet Habu and the second was great.
Answer: Ramses
[10] Early on, pharaohs like Smendes and Psusennes ruled from this new capital in the eastern Delta, whose monuments were built largely of reused materials brought from Piramesse, including a temple to Amun in imitation of that at Thebes.
Answer: Tanis
[10] The period came to an end with the succession of a pharaoh by this name and his son Psamtek. The second pharaoh of this name is most famous for being crushed by Nebuchadnezzar II at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC.
Answer: Necho (Nekau)
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Answer the following about an amino acid, FTPE.,
[10] Isolated by Emil Fischer from casein in 1901, this essential amino acid has a branched side chain just like leucine, except simply consisting of an isopropyl group.
Answer: valine or V
[10] The substitution of valine for glutamic acid in the sixth position of the beta chain in hemoglobin famously results in this disease.
Answer: sickle cell anemia
[10] When there are mutations in the four gene complex including BCKDHA and DLD, the body cannot break down leucine, isoleucine, and valine. What results is this hilarious-sounding disease also known as ketoacidemia named for the way it makes the piss of affected infants smell. Apparently, it happens to Old Order Mennonites a lot.
Answer: Maple Syrup Urine Disease or MSUD
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He composed operas to Metastasio's *Adriano in Siria*and *L'Olimpiade*, and produced a Stabat Mater commissioned as a replacement for one by Scarlatti. FTPE:,
[10] Name this short-lived 18th century Italian also known for a Mass in F and his comedy The Landlady Servant or La Serva Padrona.
Answer: Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
[10] The music on which Stravinsky based this 1920 ballet was erroneously thought composed by Pergolesi. It's about a guy who is loved by Rosetta and Prudenza, which pisses off their suitors Caviella and Florindo, who try to stab him but they're tricked.
Answer: Pulcinella
[10] Pergolesi's opera buffa style sparked a regular war of the buffoons with supporters of more serious French opera, like this toad who composed Les Indes Galantes and Castor et Pollux.
Answer: Jean-Philippe Rameau
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Name these hosts of shows on cable TV that make for excellent background noise, FTPE.,
[10] One can't help but enjoy the dulcet tones of idiot contestants failing to solve even though the most obvious five-letter words on GSN's Lingo. For five points each, name the legendary game show host of Lingoand the current co-host, a useless floozie and former beauty queen.
Answer: Chuck Woolery and Shandi Finnessey
[10] This guy doles out points and mutes for the retarded moralizing of Jay Mariotti and the incoherent embarrassing rambling of Woody Paige as the host of ESPN's Around the Horn.
Answer: Tony Reali
[10] You can listen to cheesy jokes and random references galore over top of video game reviews on G4TV's X-Play. For five points each, name the two regular hosts of that show, one the “gaming goddess” of FHM and the other a random dude.
Answer: Morgan Webb and Adam Sessler
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Works of Jeremy Bentham, FTPE.,
[10] This 1789 work, the only published directly by Bentham, attacks the foundations of English law as not consistent with greatest happiness after the work begins by stating that mankind has been placed under the two masters of pain and pleasure.
Answer: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
[10] This earliest Bentham work in 1776, really an excerpt from a longer work as its name implies, attacks Blackstone and contemporary legal theory, arguing for rationalism and utility over unnecessary formalism.
Answer: A Fragment on Government
[10] Not published until 1816 and then in French, this work attacks the issuance of the Declaration of Rights in the French Revolution, based on Bentham's view of natural rights as the prerogative of the sovereign through pre-existing governmental mechanisms.
Answer: Anarchical Fallacies
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Answer the following about a Victorian novelist people seem to like, FTPE.,
[10] This man is the genius behind the Chronicles of Barsetshire, which included novels like Doctor Thorne and Barchester Towers.
Answer: Anthony Trollope
[10] Lady Glencora appears in all but the last of this series of six Anthony Trollope novels written between 1864 and 1879 which focus on an aristocrat politician named Plantagenet. The first novel in the series is Can You Forgive Her?
Answer: Palliser Novels
[10] This novel in the Chronicles of Barsetshiretells of the young reformer John Bold, and his attempts to expose Hiram's Hospital and the title character despite his love for Eleanor.
Answer: The Warden
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Answer stuff about the Great Awakenings, FTSNOP.,
[5] This English Methodist was mocked with the epithet “Dr. Squintum” and Phillis Wheatley composed a eulogy on his death. He made a whirlwind tour of the colonies from 1739-41 with his fire and brimstone open air preaching.
Answer: George Whitefield
[5] Whitefield was supposedly so good he made this man cry during that tour, an unlikely act for this author of “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.”
Answer: Jonathan Edwards
[10] Upon Whitefield's departure in 1741, he deputized this Presbyterian to come from New Jersey and preach. This guy kept the First Awakening going with his “Danger of an Unconverted Ministry” sermon.
Answer: Gilbert Tennent
[10] Barton Stone led this meeting of the Second Awakening, a Presbyterian revival at the namesake house in Kentucky in 1801.
Answer: Cane Ridge Meeting/Revival
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Answer stuff about PDEs that Will Turner says is “obscure shit,” FTPE.,
[10] This result concerning linear non-homogenous problems subject to homogenous boundary conditions states that either the only homogenous solution is trivial or zero is an eigenvalue and there are nontrivial homogenous solutions.
Answer: Fredholm Alternative
[10] Both the heat equation and vibrating strings are special cases of this class of differential equations defined by three functions and a constant. The namesake problem is to find values of the constant giving rise to a non-trivial solution.
Answer: Sturm-Liouville Equation
[10] The eigenvalues of a Sturm-Liouville problem are related to eigenfunctions via this rather complicated expression. This quotient is named for the physicist who discovered argon and gives his name to a law involving blackbody radiation with Jeans.
Answer: Rayleigh Quotient
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Works by Polish authors, FTPE.,
[10] Of course, you have this Henryk Sienkiewicz novel about the Christian Lygia and refusal of Vinicius around the time of Nero.
Answer: Quo Vadis?
[10] This surreal anti-nationalist book written in 1937 is about a thirty some year old man who becomes an adolescent schoolboy at the behest of Pimko, and is the most famous work of Witold Gombrowicz.
Answer: Ferdydurke
[10] This masterpiece of Jan Potocki is the story of Alphonse von Worden and his trip to Madrid as an officer of the Walloon Guards, featuring characters like the gypsy chief Avadoro.
Answer: The Manuscript Found in Saragossa
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She discusses the pivot between soma and psyche in *New Maladies of the Soul* and makes her noted distinction between the semiotic and the symbolic in works like *Revolution in Poetic Language*. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Bulgarian-born feminist thinker whose other works include Powers of Horrorand Desire in Language.
Answer: Julia Kristeva
[10] Kristeva was a student of this French structuralist whose works include The Fashion System, Camera Lucida, and the work in which he develops his five major codes of textual signifiers, S/Z.
Answer: Roland Barthes
[10] The earliest major work of Barthes, this 1953 book contrasts the fixed “blind forces” of language and style with the title activity, which has grown increasingly less transparent throughout history but is described as an act of solidarity.
Answer: Writing Degree Zero
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Answer the following about some historical doctrines, FTPE.,
[10] The black power doctrine of noirisme was the ideology put forth by this ruler who became dictator of Haiti in 1964, and used the Tonton Macoutes to back up that ideology.
Answer: Francois or Papa Doc Duvalier
[10] This hardline West German doctrine initiated in 1955 refused diplomatic ties with any country that recognized East Germany. It's named for the Christian Democrat who became the first president of the EEC Commission in 1958, and this doctrine died with the rise of Willy Brandt and Ostpolitik.
Answer: Hallstein Doctrine
[10] This American doctrine came in the wake of the Japanese seizure of Manchuria and denied any recognition of territorial changes in violation of the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
Answer: Stimson Doctrine
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Name some scientists who pioneered fields of study, FTPE.,
[10] Though he's more recently written about the “unity of knowledge” or consilience, this Harvard entomologist is best known for launching sociobiology with his 1975 book on the “new synthesis.”
Answer: Edward Osborne Wilson
[10] This Scottish “father of colloid chemistry” remains most famous for his work on the diffusion of gases, including his namesake law that rate at which they diffuse is inversely proportional to the square root of density.
Answer: Thomas Graham
[10] Though the term was coined by Mayer, this short-lived Frenchman of the 18th century is often regarded as the first histologist, and is best known for identifying 21 “textures” or tissues of the human body.
Answer: Marie Francois-Xavier Bichat
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Answer; William **De** **Kooning**,
[10] This Rotterdam-born dude painted Light in August and worked under the influence of Gorky, but you know him for some disturbing portrayals of violently painted females in his Woman series.
Answer:
[10] This William De Kooning painting draws its title from the Bible in reference to the day of the Crucifixion, and along with other black and white enamel based works like the aforementioned Light in August, was completed in the late 1940's.
Answer: Black Friday
[10] De Kooning's time at Black Mountain College and his observation of the surrounding North Carolina landscape inspired him to paint this work named for a town, which in bold blacks, whites, and oranges contains scattered body parts, matchbooks, and Picasso-esque parts of dead horses.
Answer: Asheville

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