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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Michigan MLK Tossups by Matt Weiner
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?Gentlemen look on a curious creature? with an ?all-baffling brain? in the penultimate section of this work, which also includes a discussion on a six-foot tall 80 year old man with handsome sons. In the second part, the author marvels over the muscles of firemen and presents portraits of girls, mothers, swimmers, and woodmen, mentioning ?the natural perfect and varied attitudes.? Focusing on the beauty of the human body, the author admires male and female forms and asks, ?Have you seen the fool that corrupted his own body?? Also the name of a story by Ray Bradbury, FTP, name this Whitman poem from Leaves of Grass, in which Walt claims that ?the bodies of men and women engirth me.?
Answer: ?I Sing the Body Electric?
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This chemist is named with Johnson and Ireland in reactions that are variants of his namesake reaction. A ketone and aromatic aldehyde react in a process named for this man and J.G. Schmidt. The thermal conversion of an allyl phenyl ether to an ortho-allyl phenol, by way of a cyclo-hexa-die-none intermediate, is his namesake rearrangement. The Dieckmann reaction is an intramolecular version his most famous reaction, and occurs with esters of dicarboxylic acids forming five or six-membered rings. FTP, name this German chemist, the namesake of the condensation that happens when two esters form a beta-keto ester.
Answer: Rainer Ludwig Claisen
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In 2003, they used the play of Duane Lightfoot, Joel Cornette, and Brandon Miller to upset Mississippi State and Louisville before falling to Oklahoma in the Sweet Under coach Todd Lickliter, this team turned heads again at the beginning of 2006, when they successively beat Notre Dame, Indiana, Tennessee, and Gonzaga to win the preseason NIT. Previous feats include a run from 2000 to 2003 as regular-season champions of the Horizon League. Currently sitting at 14-2 record and ranked twelfth in both major polls, FTP, name this Indianapolis school nicknamed the Bulldogs.
Answer: Butler University Bulldogs (prompt Bulldogs either way)
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This event was preceded by the Battle of Civitate one year earlier and the absence of the Lombard catepan Argyrus at that battle served as a catalyst for its occurrence. The designation of one group as ?azymites? by the other was a cause of conflict, and a letter from the Archbishop of Ochrid to the Bishop of Trani played a large role in prompting it, as did more notable letters exchanged between Michael Cerularios and Cardinal Humbert on behalf of Pope Leo IX. Unsuccessful attempts to reverse it occurred at the Second Council of Lyons in 1254 and also at the Council of Florence. FTP, name this event of 1054 CE which divided Greek Eastern Orthodoxy and Latin Western Catholicism in a rather large way.
Answer: Great Schism (or East-West Schism)
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He used an electronic instrument that converted neon lights into sound in his Concertino for Trautonium and Strings . Revisions of his Cello Sonata demonstrate his conversion to the ?new objectivity,? and he was also associated with the origins of ?utility music.? He wrote the theory book The Craft of Musical Composition,and after writing the ?Life of Mary? songs and the opera Cardillac, he protested the treatment of art under the Nazis with the movements ?Angelic Concert,? ?Entombment,? and ?Temptation of Saint Anthony? in a 1934 protest performance. FTP, name this man who set to music ?When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed? and created an opera about a sixteenth-century painter, entitled Mathis der Maler.
Answer: Paul Hindemith
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Pope v. Illinois clarified the test for this, while Kois v. Wisconsin said that it could never apply to anything rationally related to a news article. Stanley v. Georgia held that it can only be invoked to bar distribution of items, and that ?mere private possession? should be protected. A 1973 case clarified the meaning of the word ?utterly? in its definition from the Memoirscase, and a 1957 formulation of the standard for this used the impression of the ?dominant theme? on ?the average person, applying contemporary community standards.? FTP, Roth v. Californiaand Miller v. Californiaattempted to define what type of speech, which is given very low First Amendment value.
Answer: obscenity [you can prompt on pornography, etc, but at some point a form of the word ?obscene? must be produced to get credit]
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The preface notes the debt of the author to the serving girls he overheard during his stay in the Old Wicklow house, and claims that Mallarme and Huysmans are producing the richest modern literature. In the second act Sara makes a memorable toast to, "the pirates, preachers, and poteen-makers" and the title character remarks that, "it's a lonesome thing to be passing small towns with the lights shining sideways when the night is down." At that point he's depressed because Pegeen is angry with him, but he cheers up when she agrees to marry him instead of wussy Shawn Keogh, and her father Michael says that, "a daring fellow is the jewel of the world." FTP, name this play about Christy Mahon, an Irish boy who thinks he has killed his father, the most famous work of John Millington Synge.
Answer: The Playboy of the Western World
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The Kasha-Vavilov Rule states that the quantum yield of this process is independent of wavelength, and Kasha's Rule states it will only be observed in one state. It is explained by Birks scheme in excimers, and Stokes law of this phenomenon states that wavelength absorbed will be shorter than that emitted. The yield of this process can be defined as the probability that it occurs rather than the Auger Effect, another method of liberating energy. Occurring when a molecule returns from an excited singlet state to its ground state, FTP, name this optical phenomenon which is briefer and more common than phosphorescence, seen in certain light bulbs.
Answer: fluorescence (accept photon emission before Birks, prompt after)
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One of these was formed at Mayapan and ran from 987 to 1194 CE, and involved the capture of Uxmal and Chichen Itza. At least two of them have been formed at Prizren, the first of which was led by Abdul Frasheri to oppose the Treaty of San Stefano. Another one was formed among the Three Forest Cantons in 1291, also called the Everlasting one. Louis XI fought against one of the Public Weal, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah was president of the Muslim one. Ancient Greek ones included the Aetolian, Achaean, Arcadian, and most famously the Delian. FTP, give this term often used to denote an alliance in history, also represented by the Schmalkaldic and the Hanseatic.
Answer: leagues (prompt on anything less specific, but only before Prizren)
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He used the theories of Albumazar to develop a chronology of history that claimed true prophets arise every 320 years. He also worked on the Elefuga theorem, equivalent to Euclid's Bridge of Asses for isosceles triangles, and is alleged to have constructed a robotic head that could speak. He relied on the exploration of Mongol lands by Willem van Rursbroeck for much of the encyclopedia that he presented to Clement IV, the Opus Majus. Analysis of the writings of Peter de Maricourt made this student of Robert Grosseteste an early advocate of empiricism, and his scientific musings made him the first Westerner to describe eyeglasses and the full recipe for gunpowder. FTP, name this English Frnaciscan known as ?Doctor Mirabilis.?
Answer: Roger Bacon [prompt on Bacon]
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This nation contains Mount Roraima in the Pakaraima Range, just north of its Rupununi Savannah plain. Its lesser rivers include the Demarara and the Courantyne, which is part of disputed territory in the east. It is home to the mammoth Kaieteur Waterfalls on the Potaro River, which is a tributary of the long river that bisects almost this entire nation, the Essequibo River. It is considered an economic member of the West Indies by the Caricom Treaty, a fact reflected by the position of its capital Georgetown. Sandwiched between Suriname and Venezuela, FTP, name this country in upper South America which once had ?British? appended to its name.
Answer: Guyana
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One scene in this book recounts a cleric's opinion on whether one can eat a chicken after having sex with it, while another notes that no one ever spoke to the authorities about an episode of torture in an Oklahoma hotel room. It includes a mysterious chocolate-bearing character referred to only as ?my magician? and describes a mock trial of Jay Gatsby on charges of being Satan. The narrator has to pair Our Bodies, Ourselveswith Pride and Prejudicein order to communicate the proper relationship between sex and romance, and the circle of seven women identifies with Daisy Miller above all of those discussed in the private reading circle that this book chronicles. FTP, name this memoir by Azar Nafisi which discusses surreptitious access to a forbidden work by Nabokov following the Islamic revolution of 19
Answer: Reading Lolita in Tehran
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When Andre Weil was arrested by Finnish authorities during World War II, he was found carrying an invitation to this man's daughter's wedding, not surprising given that Weil's wife was his godmother. His work was first presented by Raoul Husson while disguised with a fake beard and strange accent, though later Jean Dieudonne became his main voice. He was named for a Greek general who led a retreat during the Franco-Prussian war, and the third generation of his followers included such luminaries as Alexander Grothendieck and Serge Lang. FTP, name this imaginary mathematician, the pseudonym of a group of French mathematicians who sought to unify mathematics on a rigorous foundation of set theory.
Answer: Nicolas Bourbaki
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One of his apprentices was William Wells Brown, the author of the first American novel by a black man, Clotel . Wendell Phillips gave an admired speech at Fenuil Hall in memory of this man, who was influenced by the sight of Francis McIntosh burned at the stake. Among his greatest opponents, whom he constantly referred to, were Usher Linder and Luke Lawless. He moved his operation into the Godfrey & Gilman warehouse after being harassed as editor of the St. Louis Observer, where his allies, including Thaddeus Hurlbut, threw clay pots at a mob. FTP, name this abolitionist newspaper editor who was killed in Alton, Illinois in 18
Answer: Elijah Parish Lovejoy
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Near the beginning of this movie, one character brazenly quips to another ?is this the way you get your rocks off?? Near the end, a woman brags about the size of her cucumber after a main character breaks down crying while being offered peas and corn at dinner, and the movie ends with another character's wife soothingly telling him to go to sleep twice. Those characters are first accused of being from the power company, but they explain that they want to go to Aintry, and are eventually referred to the Griner brothers. Directed by John Boorman, the movie continues to be associated with Herbert ?Cowboy? Coward and his associate instructing Ned Beatty to squeal like a pig. Based on a book by James Dickey, FTP, name this 1972 movie which features a whole lot of dueling banjos.
Answer: Deliverance
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One saint of this name, whose biography was written by his student Ardo, hailed from Aniane and was an influential advisor at the court of Louis the Pious in Aachen. Another saint by this name fled home toward Enfide where he performed his first miracle by repairing a clay wheat sifter. That saint quickly moved on and met his companion Romanus in the valley of Subiaco. Hailing from Nursia, he was probably a twin with his sister Scholastica and eventually moved to Monte Cassino, with which he'd be most associated. FTP, give the name of these saints, the latter of which laid down a famous austere Rule for monastic life.
Answer: Sts. Benedict (of Nursia/of Aniane)
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Francis Heck wrote a study comparing the treatment of women in How Green Was My Valley to similar themes in this novel, which sees the protagonist conceal the corpse of a man killed by an eleven-year-old. Seeing a forced kiss from Chaval angers that man, who had earlier met ?Bonnemort? and learned that the Gregoires hand out clothing but no other charity and are part-owners of Montsou. Pluchart is the spokesman for Marxism in this novel, which was published between Life's Joysand The Masterpiecein the Rougon-Macquart series and follows Etienne Lantier's leadership of a mine strike. FTP, name this novel about members of the Maheu family, written by Emile Zola.
Answer: Germinal
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This painting shares its name with a 1917 film that credits Baroness Orczy as a writer and stars A.V. Bramble as Diogenes. Richard Seymour-Conway bought this work at an auction in 1865 under an alternate title, and it has been compared to the work of Arcimboldo in that it seems to have been created out of ?something inanimate.? Much like the Mona Lisa, the subject of this work appears to be staring at the viewer at all times, though he actually looks straight ahead. Currently part of the Wallace Collection in England, the Latin inscription on the top right of the work states that the portrait was created in 1624, when the sitter was 26 years old. FTP, name this work depicting a smiling mirthful young chap in a silk costume and a large black hat, the best known work of Franz Hals.
Answer: The Laughing Cavalier
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Given their name by Martin Luscher and Peter Karlson, one type of them is named after Nasonov, and can be synthetically reproduced as a 2:1 ratio of citral and geraniol. Adolph Butenandt identified the first one in a certain class in 1959, which he named bombykol. They can be produced by Koschevnikov's Gland and are received by Jacobson's Organ, or the VNO. Substances like copulins have led many to posit their existence in humans and they may be classified generally into releaser and primer types. FTP, name these mixtures of chemicals produced by organisms, like honey bees, to transmit messages like sexual attraction to creatures of the same species.
Answer: pheromones
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Many of this civilization's settlements were excavated by Alfonso Medellin, including Laguna de los Cerros and their key manufacturing site of Llano del Jicaro. Other archeologists who have studied them include Philip Drucker and the pioneering Frans Blom. Their key artifacts include the twin monuments at El Azuzul, rubber balls at El Manati, and their namesake ?Bird Vessel.? Named by Marshall Saville with a designation meaning "rubber people,? with the coming of the Middle Formative Period around 900 B.C., they moved from San Lorenzo toward the Rio Palma and its island city of La Venta. FTP, name this early Mesoamerican civilization, best known for their big-ass stone heads.
Answer: Olmecs
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The speaking of this phrase immediately precedes the arrival of a character who suggests that the ages between sixteen and twenty-three should be eliminated, since he has spent that time doing nothing but impregnating ?wenches.? A character's observation that the sky is darker than ever before during daylight hours ends by stating ?I am gone for ever? and precedes this line. That character had just left a bag of jewels with the infant Perdita after being ordered to expose Hermione's child by Leontes. The death of Antigonus is witnessed by a shepherd as a result of this line, which describes an action on the fictitious Bohemian coast. FTP, The Winter's Tale contains what famous stage directions, which directs the actor to leave the stage in advance of a certain predator?
Answer: ?exit, pursued by a bear?
2007 Michigan MLK Bonuses by Matt Weiner
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Answer stuff about treaties important for British colonies, FTPE.,
[10] The Peace of Vereeniging freed up the sovereignty of the Transvaal and Orange Free State, ending the second of these wars in 1902.
Answer: (Anglo)-Boer Wars
[10] This 1840 pact negotiated by William Hobson with the Maori “protected” native lands from sale and established New Zealand.
Answer: Treaty of Waitangi
[10] Half a million acres around Port Phillip Bay were purchased from Aborigines for an annual tribute of food, tools, and other goods in this eponymous treaty, which created the settlement of Melbourne.
Answer: (John) Batman's Treaty
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A tale of the X chromosome, FTPE.,
[10] Sad little Johnny was born with one too many X chromosomes, so he suffers from this syndrome, which is a bummer for his sperm production.
Answer: Klinefelter's Syndrome
[10] Little Susie comforts Johnny by telling him that she has a whole bunch of X chromosomes, but life's not so bad cause they've all been inactivated and thus they are these bodies named after a Canadian.
Answer: Barr bodies
[10] Both children happily conclude they're better off than Carlos, who has this X-linked recessive syndrome named for two doctors and caused by lack of the enzyme HPRT resulting in build-up of uric acid. As a result, Carlos has been mutilating the crap out of himself since the age of two.
Answer: Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
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The teacher Rubiao inherits an estate from one of the title characters but is required by the will to treat the other title character as a human being. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel in which Rubiao pursues Sophia Palha, saves Deolindo from being run over, and comes to believe he is Napoleon III.
Answer: Philosopher or Dog? [or The Heritage of Quincas Borba]
[10] Philosopher of Dog?was written by this author of Counselor Ayres' Memorialand Epitaph of a Small Winner.
Answer: Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
[10] Another work set in Brazil is Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon, by this author who also wrote Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands.
Answer: Jorge Amado
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They are protected by the four sons of Horus, who have dominion over various parts of the body. FTPE:,
[10] Name these containers where the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines of mummies were kept within an Egyptian tomb.
Answer: canopic jars/containers/etc.
[10] Some tombs included an image of this god above the grouping of canopic jars. By the time of the New Kingdom, it was believed that this jackal-headed embalming god conducted the weighing of the heart after death.
Answer: Anubis [or Yinepu]
[10] You can name either the son of Horus who guards the stomach or the one who guards the intestines, just cause they're the hardest to say. The other two sons of Horus are Hapi and Imsety.
Answer: Duamutef or Qebehsenuef (accept various pronunciations, of course)
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Based on the lives of the Bronte sisters, its music was composed by Hunter Johnson. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ballet which premiered in 1943, and integrates a series of symbolic objects such as chess pieces, goblets, and vases to explain such figures as the Three Remembered Children and The Cavaliers.
Answer: Death and Entrances
[10] Death and Entranceswas choreographed by this leading exponent of American modern dance, who also created Clytemnestra, Revolt, and Letter to the World.
Answer: Martha Graham
[10] Graham also choreographed this ballet in 1944 to a score by Aaron Copland. It depicts the marriage of a frontier couple and the visit of a revival preacher, and concludes with variations on the melody of “Simple Gifts.”
Answer: Appalachian Spring
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This type of winner in a multi-candidate election is a candidate who can defeat any other candidate in a two-person race. FTPE:,
[10] What is the term for this winner, named after a French Revolutionary figure?
Answer: the Condorcet winner
[10] This man showed that no voting system can simultaneously guarantee that candidates will always be ranked the same in relation to each other and produce a Condorcet winner, in his famous impossibility theorem.
Answer: Kenneth Arrow
[10] This voting method is popular in sports polls and is named for a French predecessor to Condorcet, though it was actually first described by Nicholas of Cusa. It has voters rank all candidates, with more preferred candidates getting more points, and the candidate with the most total points winning.
Answer: Borda system
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Name these American sites of World's Fairs, FTPE.,
[10] The 1904 Fair, also known as the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, was held concurrently with the Olympics in this city. The fairgrounds displayed such features as the Tyrolean Alps village on “The Pike,” as well as the Floral Clock and the 47-acre Philippine Exhibit.
Answer: St. Louis
[10] Burnham, Atwood, and Olmsted designed the “White City” grounds for the fair held here in 1893, the Columbian Exhibition, which debuted the Ferris wheel.
Answer: Chicago
[10] This city hosted in 1894 and 1940, but its most notable effort was in 1915, when it was the destination of the first cross-continental telephone call and exhibited a Ford assembly line, as well as a working scale replica of the Panama Canal.
Answer: San Francisco
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Name some constants in chemistry, FTPE.,
[10] Measured in Hertz and denoted J, this is the distance between adjacent peaks in an NMR signal, which can provide structural information about the molecule in question.
Answer: coupling constant
[10] Sometimes called Boltzmann's constant and denoted R, this simple constant shows up in its namesake equation PV=nRT.
Answer: (ideal/universal/etc.) gas constant
[10] Defined as the initial entropy divided by the gas constant, this constant is equal to about -1.152 at one Kelvin and standard pressure. It's used in its namesake equation, which finds the entropy of a monatomic ideal gas.
Answer: Sackur-Tetrode constant
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It takes place in New Baytown on Long Island during Good Friday weekend, as Danny Taylor seeks to buy a one-dollar “skull buster” drink. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel which follows the down-on-his-luck Ethan Hawley betraying all his friends and plotting to rob a bank, only to inherit Murullo's store at the last minute.
Answer: The Winter of Our Discontent
[10] The Winter of Our Discontentwas penned by this author of Tortilla Flatand East of Eden.
Answer: John Steinbeck
[10] This Steinbeck novel follows the attempt of Mack and his “boys” at the Palace Flophouse, who try to throw a party for Doc in Monterrey.
Answer: Cannery Row
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Name these Austrian expressionists for 10 points each.,
[10] This founder of the New Art Group painted The Self Seer, The Cardinal and Nun, Four Trees and a noted 1912 work Agony. His penchant for geometric eroticism led to hisarrest at one point for drawings.
Answer: Egon Schiele
[10] This founder of the Vienna Secession created the Beethoven Frieze and his famous gold flower-filled painting The Kiss.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
[10] He turned to unconventional colors in his 1909s Dents du Midi and depicted himself with Alma Mahler in Double Portrait and The Tempest, but he's best known for Bride of the Wind.
Answer: Oskar Kokoschka
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Name rivers in Italy, FTPE.,
[10] Turin, Ferrara, Venice, and Pavia are on this river with a fourteen-mouth delta system, the longest in Italy.
Answer: Po River [or Padus]
[10] This Tuscan river flows from Monte Falterona with tributaries like the Pesa and Sieve, forming the Casentino basin as it famously flows through Pisa and Florence.
Answer: Arno River
[10] Including the city of Capua on its banks, this river rises in central Italy and empties into the Gulf of Gaeta just northwest of Naples in Campania.
Answer: Volturno River
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Leaders of Venezuelan independence, FTPE.,
[10] Independence stuck for good when this “Libertador” and founder of Gran Columbia won the battles of Boyaca and Carabobo. He led the independence movement until 1830.
Answer: Simon Bolivar
[10] Known as “El Precursor” for the inspiration he provided to successful rebellions of the next generation, this man's plans to create an independent neo-Incan empire made him leader of Venezuela during 1811, but the armistice of San Mateo returned the country to Spain the following year.
Answer: Francisco de Miranda
[10] In 1797, two aristocrats led a namesake conspiracy to free Venezuela from Spain and institute racial egalitarianism on a French model. Though their rebellion was quickly crushed, the tricolor they designed became the modern state's flag. Name either one.
Answer: Manuel Gual or Jose Maria Espana
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Answer stuff about atmosphere and wind, FTPE.,
[10] Characterized by ascending motion near the equator and descending motion near the subtropics, these eponymous cells meet with the Ferrel cells to form the horse latitudes.
Answer: Hadley cell
[10] Of course, Hadley cells drive into this layer of the atmosphere, the lowest layer where most weather phenomena happens, situated below the stratosphere.
Answer: troposphere
[10] When winds remove finer sand particles on the surface, what may be produced is this mysterious desert terrain of closely packed material which often has a dark varnish and features ventifacts.
Answer: desert pavement
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Name these most certainly related literary works, FTPE.,
[10] This account of Elie Wiesel's survivial in Nazi death camps as a teenager was translated by his wife and features the character Moshe the Beadle.
Answer: Night
[10] Katharine Hilbery and Mary Datchet must each choose between Ralph Denham and William Rodney while discussing Shakespeare over tea, and the plot is finally resolved by wise old Mrs. Hilbery in this Virginia Woolf novel.
Answer: Night and Day
[10] This Marsha Norman play is set at the household of Thelma Cates, where Jessie recalls her ex-husband Cecil and plans her suicide with the gun that she is cleaning throughout the performance.
Answer: \`night, Mother
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It was a reaction to a similar work by Guilmant, and only uses the namesake instrument in the second and fourth of its four sections. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1886 symphony which begins in C minor and ends in a C major “maestoso” movement and was intended as a statement on the complementary role of the title instrument in an orchestral piece.
Answer: Organ Symphony [accept “Symphony No. 3 in C minor with Organ and Two Pianos by Saint-Saens” or anything reasonable that contains “Saint-Saens,” “symphony”, and “three” or “third”]
[10] The Organ Symphony was written by this resident organist at the Church of the Madeleine, whose other symphonic works include Danse Macabre and Carnival of the Animals.
Answer: Charles Camille Saint-Saens
[10] This man spent 64 years as organist at Saint-Sulpice. He taught the organ to Albert Schweitzer and collaborated on the definitive edition of the Bach organ works with Schweitzer, and wrote ten symphonies for organ, changing his style after the performance of Saint-Saens's piece.
Answer: Charles Marie Jean Albert Widor
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It drew on the theology of the Paulicians and disavowed baptism and the eucharist. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ascetic movement against the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which held that all flesh is evil and remained a popular heresy in Byzantine lands from the eleventh to fifteenth centuries.
Answer: Bogomilism or Bogomils
[10] Orthodox Patriarch Nicholas III condemned all Bogomils in 1118 and convinced emperor Alexius Comnenus to have this “doctor” of the sect burned at the stake.
Answer: Basil the Physician
[10] In her section on the Bogomils, Anna Comnena draws a clever parallel with the Manichaeans and cites the words of this famous bishop of Hippo who wrote The Confessions.
Answer: Saint Augustine of Hippo
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Name some basic concepts in abstract algebra, FTPE.,
[10] This is a set associated with an associative binary operation and containing an identity and inverses for every element. Examples include the integers under addition or the symmetries of a plane figure under composition.
Answer: group
[10] This is the adjective applied to a group in which the operation is commutative, named for a Norwegian who proved that the quintic has no solution by radicals.
Answer: Abelian
[10] This theorem states that the order of a subgroup must divide the order of the group, named for a man who also showed that every number is the sum of four squares.
Answer: Lagrange's theorem
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Name these writings of Karl Marx which talk about French politics, FTPE.,
[10] An alliance of the French minister Guizot with Metternich is alleged in the opening salvo of this document, which proclaims that “a spectre is haunting Europe” and demands that “proletarians of all countries, unite.”
Answer: The Communist Manifesto [or Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei]
[10] Analyzing events in France from 1848 to 1850, this tract claims that increasing consolidation of bourgeois government has helped the communist cause by providing a clear target for imminent revolution.
Answer: The Class Struggles in France [or Klassenkampfe in Frankreich]
[10] Invoking the date on the Revolutionary calendar when the original Napoleon became sole ruler, this piece argues that Napoleon III's playing of various class interests against each other to gain power will make his government unstable.
Answer: The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon [or Der achtzehnte te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon; or The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte]
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Name these Macedonian victories in the 330s BC, FTPE.,
[10] A young Alexander commanded this landmark victory for Philip II and the Companion Cavalry over the Sacred Band and Greece in 338 BC.
Answer: Battle of Chaeronea
[10] Cleitus the Black saved Alexander from being killed by Spithridates during this early battle fought in 334 near the Sea of Marmara and the namesake river.
Answer: Battle of the Granicus River
[10] This little-mentioned battle was fought in 331 BC near the namesake Greek town when the Spartan king Agis III rose up in rebellion allying with Pharnabazus but was quickly crushed by Antipater.
Answer: Battle of Megalopolis (or Mice)
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It includes the actual historical character “Richard Rich” in the opening scene, where the title character suggests that Richard begin a career in teaching. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play narrated by “The Common Man,” which follows Thomas More's involvement in the intrigues of Henry VIII and eventual execution.
Answer: A Man for All Seasons
[10] A Man for All Seasons was written by this author of The Thwarting of Baron Bolligrew, who also wrote the screenplays for Doctor Zhivagoand Lawrence of Arabia
Answer: Robert Bolt
[10] Bolt's The Critic and the Heartwas a reworking of the play The Circle, by this author of Liza of Lambeth and The Razor's Edge.
Answer: William Somerset Maugham

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