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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Michigan MLK Tossups by Illinois
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One portion of this work is described as ?A Short Dictionary of Misunderstood Words? and features some analysis of the terms ?compassion? and ?kitsch.? One character dreams repeatedly of marching naked to her death near a pool while another eventually becomes a window-washer. Taking as a symbol the dog Karenin, this novel features a girl with the large glasses who becomes an unlikely mistress for a university professor, who in turn has an affair with the artist Sabina. Citing both Parmenides and Nietzsche's concept of eternal return, it also tells of the tumultuous affair between Tereza and Tomas, who represent the title concept and its opposite, weight. FTP, name this novel set against the backdrop of the Prague Spring, the best known by Milan Kundera.
Answer: The Unbearable Lightness of Being (or Nesnesitelna lehkost byti)
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This king's reign saw the passage of a twenty tax known as the Edict of Marly and the beginning of the La Chalotais Affair, which challenged his authority. Late in his reign, the legal system was refashioned by Maupeou, and this king was nearly assassinated by Robert Damiens. Despite written instructions to the contrary, Phillipe d'Orleans served as regent for this king, originally betrothed to the three-year-old Infanta of Spain, who was rejected for Maria Leszczynska of Poland. His early reign was dominated by his tutor the Cardinal Fleury, and other women of his reign included the Madame du Barry and the Marquise de Pompadour. FTP, name this king of France from 1715 to 1774, succeeded by Louis XVI.
Answer: Louis XV, the Beloved (or Louis the Beloved)
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For a physical system, a component of this quantity is conserved if the Lie derivative of the action integral with respect to a point translation group vanishes. For a central-force potential, the eigenfunctions of the quantum mechanical operator for this observable are the spherical harmonics. Its addition is completely described by the tables of Clebsch-Gordon coefficients. Newton's second law can be crossed with a position vector to yield an equation of motion for this vector quantity when it is noted that its time derivative is the torque. FTP, name this physical quantity symbolized L, the rotational analogue of the linear momentum.
Answer: the angular momentum (prompt on L; do not accept or prompt on ?momentum?)
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This deity, who was similar to the god Ani, was celebrated at a festival called Agonium and is often given the epithet Curiatius. With the nymph Venilia, he gave birth to the beautiful singer Canens who wed Picus. He also pursued the nymph Carna, and his most common wives are usually held to be Juturna and Camese. Called the Porter of Heaven, he caused the eruption of a hot spring to repell the Sabines, so the doors of his temple were kept open during times of war. FTP, name this Roman god of exits and entrances, which is logical, because he is depicted as having two faces that point forwards and backwards.
Answer: Janus
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From the summit of this peak, one can see Mount Shinn and Mount Gardner, both also taller than fifteen thousand feet, while its southern end stretches to Mount Craddock. The first successful ascent of it was completed by Nicholas Clinch who then moved on to nearby Mount Tyree, and a 2001 expedition that included Into Thin Airauthor Jon Krakauer successfully climbed it from the eastern face. Most climbs of this peak, which sits in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, are made starting from the Branscomb Glacier. Unknown until sighted by a US Navy flight in 1957, it is now named for a U.S. Congressman from Georgia. FTP, name this tallest mountain on Antarctica, a certain massif.
Answer: Vinson Massif
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One of this author's poems sees a title character exiled from Paradise go in search of a mortal named Tamara, while another describes the speaker's ?lifeblood trickling out through and through.? Sometimes described as ?tied to a hefty volume of Byron,? this author wrote a drama that sees a woman fed poisoned ice cream by her husband. In addition to ?The Dream,? ?The Novice,? and Masquerade, he is also known for works like The Circassian Boy, the long poem ?Borodino,? and a story about Merchant Kalashnikov. However, it is a novel about Bela, Taman, Princess Mary, and Maksim Maksimych which gives him his greatest literary fame. FTP, name this Russian author who created Pechorin in his masterpiece A Hero of Our Time.
Answer: Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov
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A scribe of these people, Ahmes, was responsible for the creation of what is now known as the Rhind Papyrus. One ruler of this empire, King Apepi, ruled for at least forty years and went by the epithet of Aauserra. A Semitic people, much of what we know of them comes from Tell el-Dab'a and they were given a name which likely means ?rulers of foreign lands.? They introduced the composite bow and chariot after their invasion, and ruled from the capital of Avaris, but were finally expelled by Ahmose I around 1540 BCE, which led to the establishment of the 18th Dynasty. FTP, name these people who ruled northern Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period.
Answer: Hyksos
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This type of reaction can occur hundreds of times faster if the atoms of the transition state line up in an antiperiplanar configuration. The mechanism for it was proposed by Ingold and is a concerted process whose transition state includes a partially formed pi bond. An example of this type of reaction is the dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides to produce alkenes. In general, if more than one alkene can be formed, the compound with the most highly substituted double bond will be the major product, a tendency known as Zaitsev's rule. Promoted by strong bulky bases, FTP, name this type of organic reaction, in which an elimination is carried out in one step.
Answer: E2 reactions (or bimolecular elimination reactions)
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A bare-breasted woman with pinned-back hair is the subject of this artist's early chalk drawing Flora , which can be found in the Louvre. His time with Claude Audran spurred his interest in Rubens, and while under Claude Gillot he produced the works Le Mezzetin and Gilles , which show characters from Commedia dell'arte. An early work is The Village Bride, while one of his later works subject to varying interpretations is Halt During the Hunt, and his last major effort wasGersaint's Shopsign. These pieces are less characteristic than Do You Want to Succeed with Women? and The Pleasures of Love. FTP, name this master of the fetes galantes, a French Rococo artist best known for The Embarkation from Cythera.
Answer: Jean-Antoine Watteau
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This team drafted goaltenders Darcy Wakaluk and Darren Puppa, who would spend most of their careers elsewhere. In the early 90s, when they were coached by Rick Dudley and John Muckler, their stars included the oft-injured Pat Lafontaine, Alexander Mogilny, and Dale Hawerchuk, though their most famous line was the ?French Connection? in the 70s featuring Gilbert Perrault. Currently coached by Lindy Ruff and led by Maxim Afinogenov, Chris Drury, Daniel Briere, and goaltender Ryan Miller, they started this season with a record-tying 10 straight wins. FTP, name this NHL team which long boasted the services of Dominik Hasek and plays its home games in Buffalo.
Answer: Buffalo Sabres (either name, except only Sabres after Buffalo)
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Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin attempted to merge this idea with the work of its formulators through differential opportunity theory. Marco Orru wrote about the ethics of it, and Robert Dubin disputed its harmful effects on society. Originally coined in one sense by Jean-Marie Guyau, it was associated with the urban environment by Louis Wirth. It is said to be ?impossible whenever inter-dependent organs are sufficiently in contact and sufficiently extensive,? and inspired an explanation of deviant behavior known as the ?strain theory? of Robert Merton. Introduced in The Division of Labor in Society, FTP, name this breakdown in individual or social norms first posited by Emile Durkheim.
Answer: anomie
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This author's essay ?New Mexico? claims that his trips to that state were the greatest experience from the outside world he ever had. His other nonfiction works include Psychoanalysis and the Unconscious and Movements in European History , while his frequently anthologized poems include ?Snake? and ?How Beastly the Bourgeoisie Is.? He began to write the novel The Lost Girl in Italy after emigrating there with his wife, Frieda von Richthofen, but may be better known for a work about Christ's resurrection, The Man Who Died, and a set of two novels whose characters he based partly on John Middleton Murray and Katherine Mansfield. FTP, name this British novelist of Aaron's Rod,The Rainbow and Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Answer: David Herbert Lawrence
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This man had an unfortunate penchant for dueling as he defeated a sea captain off Honduras early in his career and later repeatedly challenged James Easton. Initially finding success as a pharmacist and merchant captain, his later career saw him passed over in favor of Thomas Mifflin. He met Margaret Shippen, known as Peggy, in Philadelphia and she became his wife and confidante, after he earlier turned back an invasion at Valcour Island, triumphing over Guy Carleton. Also a victor at Fort Stanwix, FTP, name this general who commanded brilliantly at the Battle of Saratoga before attempting to grant the British control of the Hudson River Valley in 1779, thereby becoming infamous as a traitor to the American cause.
Answer: Benedict Arnold
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For a compact, two-dimensional Riemannian manifold, this value times 2 pi is equal to the surface integral of the Gaussian curvature over the entire manifold, a result known as the Gauss-Bonnet formula. It can be described more generally as an alternating sum of Betti numbers, which were used by Poincare to extend this property to higher-dimensional spaces. It must be zero for any closed, odd-dimensional manifold as a result of the Poincare duality. For a surface of genus zero, its value is 2, resulting in its namesake's formula that relates a convex polyhedron's edges, vertices, and faces. Usually symbolized with the Greek letter chi, FTP, name this invariant which describes a topological space, a characteristic named for a famous Swiss mathematician.
Answer: the Euler-Poincare characteristic (prompt on chi)
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This man wrote a woodwind octet on the death of his mother and some Shakespearean songs including ?Who is Sylvia.? His classically themed opera Adrast was set aside and left fragmented, as was the three-act opera based on a Sanskrit tale, Sacontala. Six of his dances, catalogue number 820, were lost for a century until orchestrated by Anton Webern. After the failure of the operas The Devil's Palace of Desire and The Friends of Salamanca, this musician produced six of his twenty-one piano sonatas while staying with Schober in 18 Like the rest of his works, this composer's German Dances are in the Deutsch catalog. FTP, name this composer of hundreds of lieder, the German Requiem and nine symphonies including the Great and Unfinished.
Answer: Franz Peter Schubert
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Finding one of these often necessitates finding a best-response correspondence function and analysis of one is often performed using an orientation matrix. Kakutani's fixed-point theorem is fundamental to a proof of their existence and they gave rise to an associated ?Programme? and ?Bargaining Solution.? The concept may have originated with the Cournot duopoly problem and H.W. Kuhn has studied their variants involving imperfect information. Also the subject of work done by Selten and Harsanyi, they were introduced in the 1950 paper ?Non-Cooperative Games.? FTP, name these situations in which no player in a game can gain an advantage by unilaterally changing his own strategy, an equilibrium named for that dude in A Beautiful Mind.
Answer: Nash equilibria
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In this work, one character comments that ?[He] hopes these pious days are happy ones? after another character is frightened by a bee. Beginning with the killing of a deer, it's been translated by Arthur Ryder among others. The setting is the banks of the river Malini at the hermitage of the sage Kanva. Priyamvada and Anusuya are friends of the main character, whose name derives from protection by birds. That character's downfall comes due to a curse by the sage Durvasa, which causes the daughter of Vishvamitra to be forgotten by her husband Dushyanta when she loses a ring that he had presented to her earlier. FTP, name this ancient drama centering on an important figure from Hindu mythology, written by Kalidasa.
Answer: The Recognition of Shakuntala (or Shakuntala and the Ring of Recollection or Abhijnanasa kuntalam)
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Hans Delbruck has famously argued against the significance of this battle's outcome, but other historians like Stephen Runciman agree that it was monumental. The losing commander was blinded and exiled to the island of Proti after losing his left wing commanded by Bryennios. One general led forces accompanying the Pechenegs to Khliat, but then defected to Melitene and never fought in the battle, which saw the betrayal of Andrikos Doukas. One side was led by Alp Arslan and the other by Romanus IV, after a certain refusal to give up the siege of Edessa. FTP, name this battle of 1071 CE fought in Eastern Anatolia between the forces of the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Turks.
Answer: Battle of Manzikert
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This process fails to occur for Mycobacterium tuberculosis , which clinically results in a granuloma. Microglia perform this process in the brain, but its erroneous application may be responsible for neurodegenerative diseases. In most multicellular organisms, the ability to perform it is limited to a small number of cell types, and the vesicle formed in it is merged with lysosomes. In protists, however, it represents a more general process of material uptake and may be an organism's main source of nutrition. It begins with chemotaxis to the target, followed by formation of the pseudopodia to engulf the target. With vesicles larger than those in pinocytosis sometimes referred to as ?food vacuoles,? FTP, name this process most literally described as ?cell-eating.?
Answer: phagocytosis
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One of its poems is written ?in happy memory? of Queen Elizabeth, while another shows an argument between two sisters about the power of conceptuality versus materialism, entitled ?The Flesh and the Spirit.? Including ?Man's Constitution,? it also contains several dedications to the author's children and husband including ?To my Dear and Loving Husband.? Published by the author's brother-in-law John Woodbridge with the subtitle ?By a Gentlewoman in Those Parts?, it preceded works like Contemplations and ?Meditations Divine and Moral,? and contains a section on ?The Four Ages of Man? as well as an often-read poem about the burning of a certain house. FTP, name this collection of poems first published in 1650, written by Anne Bradstreet.
Answer: The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung Up, in America, By a Gentlewoman in Those Parts
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It took place during the Carneia, and saw a defense of the critical path by Phocians who took high ground and stupidly let the enemy pass. Hydarnes led the force of immortals that finally broke through from the rear after frontal attempts by Cissians and Medes failed the first two days. The loquacious Thespians chose to stay when the rest of the allies were dismissed, and the naval component of the allies reached a stalemate at nearby Artemisium. 10,000 of the elite forces were led by the deserter Ephialtes to another mountain pass, trapping the 300 Spartans under the command of Leonidas. FTP, name this battle of the Persian war in which Xerxes took a "hot gate."
Answer: Thermopylae
 
2007 Michigan MLK Bonuses by Illinois
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Answer stuff about Dave Barry's favorite piece of legislation, FTPE.,
[10] Formally known as the United States Tariff Act of 1930, this extreme protectionist tariff was enacted by Hoover. Like Leo Wolpert last night, it was awfully high.
Answer: Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act (or Smoot-Hawley of course)
[10] The 1934 Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act was soon passed by Roosevelt in response to the excesses of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff. That bill was pushed by this Secretary of State under FDR from 1933-44.
Answer: Cordell Hull
[10] The first economic measure passed after Smoot-Hawley was this 1931 act named for two Congressmen which set a minimum pay scale for workers on federal contracts by forcing contractors to pay prevailing wages.
Answer: Davis-Bacon Act
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Answer stuff about some large impact craters, FTPE.,
[10] The 130-kilometer-diameter Herschel Crater is the most obvious feature of this moon of Saturn discovered, appropriately enough, by William Herschel in 1789.
Answer: Mimas
[10] This relatively young crater is in the southern highlands of the Earth's moon and is about 85 kilometers across, though rays of ejecta from it extend as far as 2000 kilometers.
Answer: Tycho
[10] The Caloris Basin, an impact crater over 1300 kilometers across, occurs on this planet, the closest one to the Sun.
Answer: Mercury
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Answer stuff about the Gnostic Gospels, FTPE.,
[10] Probably buried by monks at the monastery of St. Pachomius, this set of Gnostic texts was discovered in December, 1945 at Habra Dom in Upper Egypt. It contains 52 Gnostic texts on 13 papyrus codices.
Answer: Nag Hammadi Library (accept other clear-knowledge equivalents that mention Nag Hammadi)
[10] This Gnostic Gospel was found in the Akhmim Codex, but not at Nag Hammadi. It tells of discourses between the female namesake and the risen Christ and of her confrontation with Peter.
Answer: The Gospel of Mary Magdaline (or Gospel of Mary of Magdala)
[10] Reconstituted in 2006 from a manuscript originally discovered in the 1970's, this Gospel portrays the betrayal of Christ in a wholly different light from the four canonical Gospels, alleging that Jesus directly ordered his betrayal in order to bring about his death and the salvation of all mankind.
Answer: The Gospel of Judas
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Answer stuff about a guy who likes language, FTPE.,
[10] A “Memoir on the Original System of Vowels in the Indo-European Languages” was published during the lifetime of this famed Swiss linguist.
Answer: Ferdinand de Saussure
[10] Saussure is best known for this 1916 compilation of his lecture notes by his students Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye.
Answer: Course in General Linguistics (or Cours de linguistique generale)
[10] In the Course in General Linguistics,Saussure differentiates between these two axes of language, one of which represents language studied in terms of historical development and the other represents language studied at a certain point in time.
Answer: synchronic and diachronic (all or nothing)
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**** Answer some things about an Italian composer and his work:,
[10] You might know this Bologna-born violinist for works like the ballet The Fantastic Toyshop, three suites called Ancient Airs and Dances, and some Roman Festivals of 1928.
Answer: Ottorino Respighi
[10] This famous 1924 Respighi work in four movements portrays the titular objects along the Appian Way and near a catacomb - and the third movement is a nocturne which includes real bird sounds!
Answer: Pines of Rome or Pina di Roma
[10] You might also enjoy this Respighi work which includes parts about Tropical Night and Song and Dance and also a part called “Butantan,” set in a snake garden near Sao Paulo in the titular country.
Answer: Brazilian Impressions
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Answer the following about a set of poems, FTPE.,
[10] One section of this alliteratively titled set of poems, “The Womanhood,” describes the rites for Cousin Vit and relates how the title character, a young black woman, deals with her cousin's death and her own romantic self-absorption. Another section is entitled “Notes from the Childhood and the Girlhood.”
Answer: “Annie Allen
[10] This African-American author of “We Real Cool” won a Pulitzer Prize for “Annie Allen,” making her the first African-American woman to do so.
Answer: Gwendolyn Brooks
[10] Several of Brooks' titles reference this historically black neighborhood near the Douglas and Grand Boulevard community in Chicago. It's where Chris Frankel likes to hang out.
Answer: Bronzeville
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Answer each of the following about an emperor, FTPE.,
[10] Ruling from 527 to 565 CE, this Byzantine emperor was originally named Petrus Sabbatius and had a namesake legal code.
Answer: Flavius Justinianus I (Justinian)
[10] You can read all about Justinian in the lascivious Historia arcana or Secret History by this historian, who also took a great interest in geography, buildings, and war.
Answer: Procopius
[10] So you know all about Belisarius and Narses, but how about this third general who led troops in Illyria and later captured Salona from the Ostrogoths. He was faithful to Justinian during the Nika Riot.
Answer: Mundus
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Answer stuff about power plants, FTPE.,
[10] Defined as the ratio of net power output to heat input, this value for a thermodynamic cycle is a measure of its effectiveness at generating power. An ideal Rankine cycle achieves a value of one minus the temperature ratio.
Answer: thermodynamic efficiency (prompt on eta)
[10] The above value for efficiency is named for this Frenchman, who gives his name to the most efficient heat engine possible.
Answer: Nicolas Leonard Sadi Carnot (just Carnot is fine)
[10] It is sometimes possible to increase the thermodynamic efficiency of a real Rankine cycle by heating the condensed working fluid with the high-temperature fluid in the boiler, a process known as this.
Answer: steam regeneration
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Name some foreign film directors, FTPE.,
[10] There is a prophecy in Cobweb Forest in this man's Throne of Blood, his interpretation of Macbeth, and he also directed some films in the 50s like Ikiru and Rashomon.
Answer: Akira Kurosawa
[10] He directed 1961s Last Year at Marienbad, about the meeting of two supposed strangers X and A, but is better known for a movie based on a Marguerite Duras work featuring a relationship between an actress and an architect.
Answer: Alain Resnais
[10] Sandra of a Thousand Delights is a lesser-known work of this Italian neorealist pioneer better known for movies like Rocco and His Brothers and 1943s Obsession.
Answer: Luchino Visconti
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**** Name these people not usually known for singing who've released albums, FTPE.,
[10] The Transformed Man and Has Been are albums by this fellow perennially parodied for his singing. You may know him better as Denny Crane or Captain Kirk.
Answer: William Shatner
[10] This man's self-titled album of southern country includes the songs “Good to Go” and “Bottle of Whiskey.” I enjoyed him as the title gambler on the short-lived FX show Lucky, but he was also Aidan on Sex in the City and the disc jockey Chris on Northern Exposure.
Answer: John Corbett
[10] Speaking of country, this fat baseball umpire who's still hanging around sang at the Grand Old Opry, and he's also patented a type of chest protector.
Answer: “Country” Joe West
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Name these mythological pairs, five points per answer.,
[10] One of them killed Lynceus and Amycus, while the other was the father of Anogon with Hilaeira, but together they were known as the Dioscuri.
Answer: Castor and Pollux (or Polydeuces for Pollux)
[10] Not so much a pair but rather complete opposites, these beings represent cosmic light and cosmic darkness in Zoroastrian tradition, often conceived as the twin offspring of Zurvan.
Answer: Ahura Mazda and Ahriman (or Angra Mainyu for Ahriman)
[10] These two humans survive both Fimbulwinter and Ragnarok by hiding in Hoddmimir's forest. Their descendants will repopulate the world in the aftermath of Ragnarok.
Answer: Lif and Lifthrasir**
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Name these European writers of fables, FTPE.,
[10] He wrote the elegy “The Song of the Dying Swan” requesting the release of his patron Nicolas Fouquet, but this Frenchman is known for his book of 120 fables published in 1668.
Answer: Jean de La Fontaine
[10] This early female poet of the 12th century wrote fables in her Ysopets, as well as a Life of Saint Audrey and 12 notable “Breton lais.”
Answer: Marie de France
[10] “The King Stag” and “The Pretty Little Green Bird” are among the 10fiabeby this Italian writer of the play The Love for Three Oranges.
Answer: Conte Carlo Gozzi
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Answer stuff about classical electrodynamics, FTPE.,
[10] Consisting of Ampere's law, Faraday's law of induction, and Gauss' laws for the electric and magnetic fields, this set of four equations specifies all of classical electrodynamics in free space.
Answer: Maxwell's equations
[10] Gauss' law for the magnetic field is identically satisfied by defining the magnetic field as the curl of this secondary function, which is usually symbolized A.
Answer: magnetic vector potential (do not accept or prompt on “potential”)
[10] The vector and scalar potentials are not unique, which allows the choice of a convenient one of these. The Coulomb one is specified by requiring the vector potential to be divergence-free.
Answer: gauge (or gauge function)
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Answer stuff about the Rio Grande, FTPE.,
[10] Said river passes through this seat of Bernalillo County which contains Kirtland Air Force Base. It's the largest city in New Mexico.
Answer: Albequerque
[10] The Rio Grande forms the southern border of this Texas national park near the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Coahuila, which features the Chisos Mountains.
Answer: Big Bend National Park
[10] This river rises in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the middle of New Mexico before flowing south through Carlsbad and its namesake city to join the Rio Grande just east of Big Bend.
Answer: Pecos River
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Answer stuff about the law of classical Athens, FTPE.,
[10] This aristocratic body was composed entirely of ex-archons by the fifth century and members served for life. It was named for the hill of the war god.
Answer: Areopagos
[10] This is the term for the council which was increased to 500 by Cleisthenes, consisting of 50 people from each tribe. It had the namesake function of preparing motions for the Ecclesia to decide on.
Answer: Boule
[10] This court was created by Solon for citizens to appeal decisions of the Areopagus, but Ephialtes made it a regular court, with a panel of six thousand jurors selected by lot. It was divided into panels called dikasteria and jurors were given two obols a day.
Answer: Heliaea
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Let p and q be two propositions in classical propositional logic. Answer each of the following, FTPE.,
[10] The statement p implies q, p, therefore q is one form of this propositional tautology having a name meaning “way of affirming.”
Answer: modus ponens
[10] This type of syllogism is in the form p or q, not p, therefore q. It utilizes the modus ponens, so it is sometimes called modus tollendo ponens.
Answer: disjunctive syllogism
[10] These two rules from predicate logic may be stated as not p and q implies not p or not q, and not p or q implies not p and not q.
Answer: De Morgan's theorems
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When he died in 1851, he was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral next to Sir Joshua Reynolds. FTPE:,
[10] Name this English painter of The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons and The Fighting Temeraire.
Answer: Joseph Mallord William Turner
[10] Generally, the accepted location of this dark 1844 Turner painting is Maidenhead Bridge. It's subtitled “The Great Western Railway.”
Answer: Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway
[10] An imitation of the French painter Claude, this 1815 Turner canvas is bisected by a channel of water with some buildings and foliage on the right and some people tending to the titular construction of the city on the left.
Answer: Dido Building Carthage , or The Rise of the Carthaginian Empire
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Name these characters from Aristophanes plays, FTPE.,
[10] This farmer rides a dung beetle to the hall of Zeus in order to rescue the deity Peace in the play of that title.
Answer: Trygaeus
[10] In The Clouds, this man sends his son Phidippides to Socrates' Thinkshop to learn how to argue his way out of debt. His concrete and non-philosophical nature makes him a foil to Socrates' intellectualism.
Answer: Strepsiades
[10] While listening to the frogs offstage, in The Frogs,this servant of Dionysus threatens to defecate in the middle of the road if not relieved of some of his duties.
Answer: Xanthus
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Name these chemical compounds notable for the unusual bonds they contain, FTPE.,
[10] The hydrides of this electron-deficient element, number 5 on the periodic table, form bridging structures using three-center two-electron bonds. Their structures can be determined using Wade's rules.
Answer: boron
[10] This name is given to net neutral compounds which have positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms. The phosphonium type shows up in the Wittig Reaction.
Answer: ylides
[10] These compounds are coordination complexes of a metal cation complexed with aromatic ring ligands, with the canonical example being an iron atom sandwiched between cyclopentyldienyl ions.
Answer: metallocenes
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Answer the following about Bloody Sunday, FTPE.,
[10] That phrase can refer to a 1905 incident in which this Russian priest led a workers procession to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II. Obviously, it didn't go off smoothly.
Answer: Father Georgi Apollonovich Gapon
[10] It can refer to the violence of 1965 when a group led by Hosea Williams left this Alabama city heading for Montgomery, but were stopped at the Edmund Pettis Bridge.
Answer: Selma
[10] It can refer to the 1920 Irish revolution when the British formed the Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force, also known by this designation from the mixed colors of their uniforms, to squash IRA resistance.
Answer: Black and Tans

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