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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Michigan MLK Tossups by Chicago A
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He tries in vain to remember a riddle beginning, ?Kitty, a fair but frozen maid.? At a party, he encourages a guest to try an egg soft-boiled by his servant Serle after entreating the company to limit themselves, as he does, to a small basin of thin gruel. He worries over bothering James to take him and his younger daughter to Randall's to visit his daughters' former governess, the former Miss Taylor, and her husband Mr. Weston. His circle of acquaintances includes Mrs. and Miss Bates, and the proprietor of Donwell Abbey, who moves in with him to avoid separating him from his beloved daughter. FTP, name this hypochondriac neighbor of Mr. Knightley in a novel by Jane Austen who loves his daughter Emma.
Answer: Mr. Woodhouse
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Demeclocycline is used to treat its overexpression, a common paraneoplastic manifestation of small cell lung cancer. This protein's precursor also encodes a glycoprotein and neurophysin II, and processing of the precursor is diminished in some Prader-Willi syndrome patients. Mutations in this gene can lead to diabetes insipidus. It is synthesized in the same areas of the hypothalamus as its related, structurally similar hormone, oxytocin. Its release leads to the insertion of aquaporins in the collecting ducts of the kidneys, thereby reabsorbing water from the urine. FTP, name this peptide hormone which is also known as antidiuretic hormone or ADH.
Answer: vasopressin (or antidiuretic hormone or ADH before mentioned)
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Upon the death of his cousin Francis V, this man added d'Este to his name and became Grand Duke of Modena. He got General Beck sacked, and drew up plans for a possible civil war with the help of Beck's replacement, General Conrad von Hotzendorf. He also considered replacing his country's division into Cisleithania and Transleithania with trialism. Friedrich von Wiesner investigated this man's death, which occurred a few days before the 14th anniversary of his morganatic marriage to Sophie Chotek. FTP, name this man who was shot on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, starting a whole war or something.
Answer: Archduke Francis Ferdinand or Franz Ferdinand (Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen d'Este)
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This man's essay ?Communication: Its Blocking and Its Facility? was a major influence on the landmark 1970 rhetoric handbook of Young, Becker and Pike. He describes marriage as a ?process partnership? and enumerates the four ?threads of permanence? of healthy marriages in his book Becoming Partners . InEncounter Groups he identifies congruence, empathy, and respect as ?core conditions.? His more famous works include two essay collections, A Way of Being and The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child, but he is best known for pioneering what he originally called ?non-directive therapy.? FTP, name this American psychologist who wrote On Becoming a Person and explained that method in Client-Centered Therapy.
Answer: Carl Rogers
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He appears as a red-haired boy who asks David to help him hide from Mr. Wedding in a novel by Diana Wynne Jones. In the Atlas Comics series Journey into Mystery , he caused Carl Creel to become Absorbing Man, while in the Sandman series, the Corinthian eats his eyes after this figure holds Daniel hostage. Alan Cumming portrayed this character in Son of the Mask , and in Shopgirl, Mirabelle's best friend, played by Samantha Shelton, goes by this name. More famously, a character by this name complains about having to rain down sulfur at Sodom and Gomorrah to his companion Bartleby. FTP, give the name of Matt Damon's character in Dogma, also shared by a certain trickster god from Norse myth.
Answer: Loki
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The critic Robert Dupree relates this poem to the ideas of Spengler, drawing especial attention to the reference to those ?who count [their] days and bow / [their] heads with commemorial woe.? Its poet wrote about it in the essay ?Narcissus as Narcissus,? where he said that the jaguar leaping ?for his own image in a jungle pool? alters the Narcissus motif. Lillian Feder links this poem's leaf imagery to Glaucus's speech in Book VI of the Iliad . In the poem, the ?splayed leaves? are said to ?pile up?the casual sacrament? and ?sough the rumour of mortality.? The speaker mentions Zeno, Parmenides, and the battles of Malvern Hill and Bull Run. FTP, name this poem that takes place in a Southern graveyard, the best-known work of Allen Tate, which mirrors a Robert Lowell poem about deceased Civil War soldiers.
Answer: ?Ode to the Confederate Dead?
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One classification scheme for this material includes a crustal S-type produced by anatexis or ultra-metamorphism. This origin is supported by observations of migmatites, whose neosomes have this rock's composition. It is often found in association with quartz monzonite and pegmatites, whose origins are associated with magma of this composition. Often grading into diorite around intrusions, this rock contains both orthoclase and plagioclase feldspar, as well as 20-60% quartz, giving it a felsic composition. FTP, name this intrusive equivalent of rhyolite, the most common rock in the continental crust.
Answer: granite
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One of its signatories had crippled the Marquis de Turgot for life after being nominated to his then-current position, and it was partly motivated by a recent incident on the Black Warrior . This document cited the possibility of creating a "sinking fund" and a railroad system, in contrast with the possibility of a "second St. Domingo" and the paltry sum the territory in question could generate as income on its "palmiest days." Written as a result of a series of meetings proposed by William Marcy, this document signed by John Mason, James Buchanan, and Pierre Soule caused an outcry among Northerners who feared the spread of slavery. FTP, identify this 1854 diplomatic communication that recommended the United States purchase Cuba from Spain.
Answer: Ostend Manifesto
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Minor characters in this opera include a shepherd who greets the dawn at the beginning of the third act, a sacristan who leads a group of choirboys into the Sant'Andrea della Valle church in the first act, and the officer Sciarrone, who announces Napoleon's victory at the Battle of Marengo. Another character, Spoletta, is sent to find an escaped prisoner, Cesare Agnelotti, only to find that he has killed himself. He'd been hiding at the villa of a painter who sings the aria ?Vittoria,? Mario Cavaradossi, who is himself hiding from the Baron Scarpia. Featuring the aria ?Vissi d'arte,? FTP, give this opera, named for Cavaradossi's lover, an opera singer who leaps to her death, composed by Puccini.
Answer: Tosca
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Jerome compared the sufferings of Paulina to those of this woman. The incident in which she stole her father's teraphim is the first incident of idolatry recorded in the Bible, and in the writings of Thomas Aquinas, she represents the contemplative life. At the slaughter of the Holy Innocents, hervoice was heard in Rama bewailing her children. She traded a night with her husband to get her nephew's mandrakes, and together she and her servant Bilhah bore her husband four sons--Dan, Naphthali, Benjamin, and Joseph. Originally Laban prevented her marriage until her older sister could be married off first. FTP, name this wife of Jacob, the sister of Leah.
Answer: Rachel
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This man's analytical works include ?Is Existence a Predicate?? and ?External and Internal Relations.? In his late lectures entitled Some Main Problems of Philosophy , he reconsidered some basic beliefs, and in two of his last essays, ?Four Forms of Skepticism? and ?Certainty,? he elaborated upon arguments put forth in his ?Proof of an External World.? In his most famous work, he proposes a kind of utilitarianism that owes much to his teacher Henry Sidgwick, but is better known for the idea that goodness is fundamentally indefinable and that all naturalistic accounts of ethical value involve a fallacy. The author of ?The Refutation of Idealism,? FTP, name this British philosopher of the Bloomsbury group, who also did Principia Ethica.
Answer: G(eorge) E(dward) Moore
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Its author wrote a poem beginning ?They sat there, the two? as a lyrical prologue to this work, and Emilie Bardach offended the author by claiming the title ?Princess of Orangia,? a reference to a character in the work. Though she inadvertently kills her sons by feeding them infected breast-milk,Aline, the protagonist's wife, is more upset at the loss of nine beautiful dolls surrendered when her family's home burned down. After agreeing to leave his wife for Hilde, the main character of this work falls to his death from the tower of his newly-constructed house. FTP, name this play about the architect Halvard Solness, written by Henrik Ibsen.
Answer: The Master Builder or Bygmester Solness
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This man introduced a continuous, order-preserving mapping from the rationals to the quadratic irrationals in the unit interval, known as his namesake question mark function. He gave constitutive relations for linear media in terms of the proper permeability, the proper permittivity, and the material's 4-velocity. His force is given by the derivative of momentum with respect to proper time. A graph in which slope corresponds to the reciprocal of speed and particle trajectories, known as world lines, is called his eponymous diagram. Events or 4-vectors are the elements of his namesake 4-dimensional spacetime. FTP, name this German mathematician of special relativity who has that namesake space.
Answer: Hermann Minkowski
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We know the name of this man's wife thanks to one of his biographers, Rualdus. Among his shorter works is the ?Inquiry into the Principle of Cold,? which includes reports from Trajan's winter in Dacia in 106 CE. His brothers Timon and Lamprias, grandfather Lamprias, and teacher Ammonius appear in his ?Symposiac Questions.? Several of his essays, including ?On the Decline of the Oracles? and ?On the Worship of Isis and Osiris,? are collected in his Moralia. Another of his works is missing a section on Epaminondas, but has a section discussing Agis and Cleomenes together with the Gracchus brothers. FTP, name this ancient writer who paired Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great in his Parallel Lives.
Answer: Mestrius Plutarchus
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A critique of one of this man's paintings was written as a fictional correspondence with Friedrich Melchior Grimm. That painting, Coresus Sacrificing Himself to Save Callirhoe , served as his acceptance piece at the Salon of 17 His set of panel paintings for the Chateau de Louveciennes, The Progress of Love , was rejected by Madame du Barry, but earlier this pupil of Chardin had been popular in the court of Louis XV for delicately erotic paintings like the suggestive The Shirt Withdrawn and Love Vowas well as the more famous The Stolen Kiss and The Bathers. FTP, name this rococo artist whose most famous painting is The Swing.
Answer: Jean-Honore Fragonard
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Mira Nair's film version of Vanity Fair was dedicated to this man, a former neighbor. A Juilliard-educated pianist, he served as the classical music critic for The Nation and co-founded an orchestra with Daniel Barenboim; he also advanced a theory of ?contrapuntal reading? and championed Cabral and Fanon in Culture and Imperialism. From 1963 until his death, he taught at Columbia, and his most well-known work addressed the role of the writings of de Sacy and Renand, as well as the adventure tales of Burton and Lawrence, in describing Europe's control and creation of non-Western culture. FTP, name the author of that landmark book Orientalism.
Answer: Edward Said
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A turning point in this novel comes when one of the characters is advanced to the rank of second degree Imperial consort. During these celebrations for Cardinal Spring, a spell is cast on the novel's protagonist and on his relative Phoenix. Another turning point comes when a begonia blooms out of season and the protagonist is allowed by the Matriarch to marry Precious Virtue rather than Black Jade. At the end, the protagonist's uncle is banished, and he passes the Imperial Examination but disappears with a monk and priest rather than serving at court. Pao-yu is the main character in, FTP, this famous Chinese novel, a chronicle of the decline of an 18th century family.
Answer: Dream of the Red Chamber or Story of the Stone or A Dream of Red Mansions or Hong Lou Meng
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His wife once sent a gold ring to Fulla in the care of one of this character's brothers. On one occasion, his family received help with one of his possessions from a personage who arrived on a wolf with viper-reins, the ogress Hyrrokin. His daughter-in-law was once turned into a nut before being returned to this god's son in the hall Gleitnir. He sent Draupnir back to Asgard after being visited by his brother Hermod the Bold, and was avenged by his brother Vali after being killed by a third brother. FTP, name this god of the Aesir whose wife Nanna jumped onto his funeral pyre after he was killed with a mistletoe dart by his blind brother Hoder.
Answer: Baldur or Balder or Baldr
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A compound consisting of oxygen, chlorine, and this element reacts with DMF to produce the formylating agent used in the Vilsmeier reaction. It is the central atom in a phenyl-containing compound that is oxidized in both the Mitsunobu Esterification and the reduction of azides to amines in the Staudinger Reaction. This element can form double bonds through p-pi/d-pi bonding, which can alternately be depicted as adjacent positive and negative charges. Such a double bond between this element and carbon is found in a reagent that reacts with carbonyl groups to give alkenes in the Wittig reaction. FTP, identify this element that forms ylides and in the backbone of nucleic acids with atomic symbol P.
Answer: phosphorus or P before mentioned
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This dynasty saw the Sweet Dew Incident, which was a futile attempt to curtail the power of eunuchs. It saw the assassination of Yang Guifei, known as one of the ?four ancient beauties,? and military action included the Battle of Tingzhou, which resulted in loss of Gansu province, and the more substantial Battleof Talas River. It was followed by both the Liao Dynasty, ruled by Khitan people, and the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. It was interrupted for a short time by the second Zhou Dynasty. Founded by Li Yuan and including the An Lu-Shan Rebellion, FTP, name this Chinese dynasty from 618-907 A.D. which also had some poets like Li Po.
Answer: Tang Dynasty
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The title character of one of this author's stories steals money from the firm of Denny & Carson and spends eight days at the Waldorf before committing suicide. That story first appeared in The Troll Garden, and was later included in her collection Youth and the Bright Medusa. In addition to ?Paul's Case,? she wrote a novel whose title character becomes the mistress of Ivy Peters, completing Niel Herbert's disillusionment with Mrs. Forrester. Her heroines include a girl who is deceived by Larry Donovan after leaving the employ of Wick Cutter, and a hard-working Wagnerian soprano, Thea Kronberg. FTP, name this author of A Lost Lady who wrote a novel narrated by Jim Burden, My Antonia.
Answer: Willa Sibert Cather
 
2007 Michigan MLK Bonuses by Chicago A
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Name these systems of colonial Latin America, FTPE.,
[10] In this system, Spanish colonists could recruit local Indians for forced labor, ostensibly for a limited time. An alternate name used in Peru came from a system of mandatory public labor in the Inca Empire.
Answer: repartimiento or mita (prompt on cuatequil)
[10] The 1512 Laws of Burgos introduced official use of this term in place of the repartimiento system. In this system, colonists were given grants of local Indians from whom they could extract tribute and labor.
Answer: encomienda
[10] The encomienda system was largely replaced by this system, in which campesinos worked on a large ranch estate owned by a patron.
Answer: hacienda or estancia or fazenda or fundo
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Stuff about the quantum harmonic oscillator, FTPE.,
[10] Formed from linear combinations of the position and momentum operators, these operators are used to transfer between adjacent energy eigenstates of the quantum harmonic oscillator.
Answer: ladder or raising and lowering operators
[10] These polynomials appear in the expression for the energy eigenstates. They are named for the mathematician who first proved that e is transcendental.
Answer: Hermite polynomials
[10] The energy eigenstate spacing is given by the natural angular frequency times this constant over two pi. It's named for a famous German dude who introduced the quantum hypothesis to explain blackbody radiation.
Answer: Planck's constant or h (do not accept Dirac's constant or h-bar)
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The model for Lord Warminster in Anthony Powell's *A Dance to the Music of Time,* this author chronicled the downfall of Dorothy Hare in *The Clergyman's Daughter*. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of The Road to Wigan Pier and Keep the Aspidistra Flying.
Answer: George Orwell (or Eric Blair)
[10] The rebel Emmanuel Goldstein appears in Two Minutes Hate, a news program viewed by Oceanians in this Orwell novel, which also features the clandestine relationship of Julia and Winston Smith.
Answer: Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)
[10] Shortly before his death, Orwell scandalized his contemporaries by marrying this young Horizon editor, a former lover of Maurice Merleau-Ponty.
Answer: Sonia Brownell or Sonia Orwell or Sonia Blair (accept “Sonia” or “Brownell” alone; prompt for a first name on “Blair” or “Orwell”)
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Stuff about an economic concept, FTPE.,
[10] First named in a 1946 book by Burns and Mitchell, this term designates the periodic fluctuation of economic activity between expansion and contraction.
Answer: business cycle
[10] This economist examined the business cycle in his 1966 book Modern Economic Growth: Rate, Structure and Spread. He did crucial work on the measurement of the GNP, and was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Economics.
Answer: Simon Kuznets
[10] Empirical studies of business cycles often involve this economic measure. Defined as the growth of total factor productivity, it takes its name from the economist who received the Nobel Prize for his work on the neo-classical growth model.
Answer: Solow residual
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Geography of the Philippines, FTPE.,
[10] The largest cities in the Philippines, including Manila and Quezon City, all lie on this island.
Answer: Luzon
[10] This is the name of the body of water that lies between Borneo and the Phillipine islands of Panay and Negros. It shares its name with an archipelago southwest of Mindanao.
Answer: Sulu Sea
[10] This is the longest river in the Philippines. It flows north from the Caraballo Mountains through a province that shares its name, and empties into the Babuyan Channel.
Answer: Cagayan River
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The four Estates of this occupied territory met in 1809 at the Diet of Porvoo, FTPE.,
[10] Name this territory which became a Grand Duchy with the signing of the treaty of Hamina or Frederikshamn.
Answer: Finland
[10] Finland became a Grand Duchy under this Russian tsar, the son and successor of Paul I.
Answer: Alexander I Pavlovich
[10] The loss of Finland prompted the removal of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. Soon after, this royal house, which still rules Sweden, came to the throne in the person of its namesake Napoleonic marshal.
Answer: Bernadotte
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Answer the following about everyone's favorite wild embedding, Alexander's horned sphere, FTPE.,
[10] The exterior complement of Alexander's horned sphere does not have this property. A path-connected domain has this property if any loop can be shrunk continuously to a point without leaving the domain.
Answer: simply connected
[10] The non-simply connected exterior complement of Alexander's horned sphere is a counter-example to a generalized version of this theorem. It states that any loop in the plane divides the plane into interior and exterior regions.
Answer: Jordan curve theorem
[10] The set of nonlocally flat points of Alexander's horned sphere forms this type of fractal. A common version involves recursively removing middle thirds of line segments.
Answer: Cantor set or Cantor dust or Cantor comb
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Name some deities associated with the Japanese imperial line, FTPE.,
[10] The deified emperor Ojin Tenno was identified with this Shinto god of war, the divine protector of Japan.
Answer: Hachiman or Yawata no kami
[10] The imperial line traced its descent from this sun-goddess, who was washed out of her father Izanagi's left eye.
Answer: Amaterasu Omikami
[10] This goddess's brother Ninigi was the great-grandfather of Jimmu Tenno and brought the three Imperial Treasures to Japan. She once lured Amaterasu out of hiding by dancing lewdly.
Answer: Uzume
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Her last three collected plays include *What Use are Flowers?* and *The Drinking Gourd*. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American author better known for the informal autobiography To Be Young, Gifted, and Black.
Answer: Lorraine Hansberry
[10] This is the remaining unmentioned last play of Lorraine Hansberry, a fantasy set in Africa which was produced by her ex-husband in 1970.
Answer: Les Blancs (The Whites)
[10] Hansberry is of course best known for her play A Raisin in the Sun, which details the struggles of this Chicago family.
Answer: Younger family
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Answer stuff about a concept from aesthetics…and not quizbowl aesthetics, FTPE.,
[10] First described in the only surviving work of Longinus, this concept was contrasted with the beautiful in a 1757 work by Edmund Burke. Burke says it's about the diminution of pain and danger.
Answer: the sublime
[10] Kant associated the sublime with the terror one feels before a great or mighty object in this 1790 book, his major work on aesthetics.
Answer: Critique of Judgment or Critique of the Power of Judgment or Kritik der Urteilskraft
[10] The concept of the sublime was revived by this French thinker, who discussed it in an appendix to his 1984 book The Postmodern Condition.
Answer: Jean-Francois Lyotard
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Why can't the NFL go one week without there being another quarterback controversy nowadays? Answer stuff about such controversies, FTPE.,
[10] In 2001, Bill Belichick announced that this guy and not Drew Bledsoe would be the starter for the Patriots. That worked out pretty well, and he's still the starter.
Answer: Tom Brady
[10] Mike Tomczak somehow ended up running the show for the Browns in \`92 after an injury to Todd Philcox and this longtime Cleveland QB, who was basically run out of town by Belichick. He spent his last three years backing up Marino in Miami.
Answer: Bernie Kosar
[10] This year, there was mention of allowing this career backup to keep playing in Kansas City even after the return of Trent Green. That might have been a good idea, if this guy didn't suck.
Answer: Damon Huard
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Identify the following about musical overtures, FTPE.,
[10] This Mendelssohn overture inspired by two Goethe poems opens with a string adagio and concludes in a triumphant trumpet fanfare. It was written two years before the Hebrides Overture.
Answer: Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage or Meerestille und Gluckliche Fahrt
[10] This man also wrote an overture entitled Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage. Other overtures written by this composer include ones for another Goethe work, Egmont, and for The Ruins of Athens. He also wrote some sonatas, like the Moonlight one.
Answer: Ludwig van Beethoven
[10] Brahms composed this overture the same year as one dedicated to the University of Breslau. It opens with two forceful chords, reminiscent of the opening of Beethoven's Coriolan Overture.
Answer: Tragic Overture
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Its land was to be divided into townships consisting of 36 lots, of which one was set aside for maintaining public schools. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this territory northwest of the Ohio River whose administration was established in a namesake 1787 Ordinance.
Answer: Northwest Territory
[10] The first and only governor of the Northwest Territory was this man who lost Fort Ticonderoga to Burgoyne during the Revolutionary War.
Answer: Arthur St. Clair
[10] In 1791, St. Clair was thumped by a Native American confederation; not until 1794 would that confederation under Blue Jacket be defeated at this battle along the Maumee River.
Answer: Battle of Fallen Timbers
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Terms from linguistics, FTPE.,
[10] This linguistic unit, the smallest contrastive unit in a language, is a theoretical representation of a sound.
Answer: phoneme
[10] This is the term for two words, such as “bin” and “pin,” that differ only by one phoneme. They can be used to demonstrate that two sounds represent separate phonemes.
Answer: minimal pair
[10] This term refers to an alteration of the order of phonemes in a word that changes the word's sound. Examples include “ax” for “ask” and “nucular” for “nuclear.”
Answer: metathesis
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Co-discovered by Andrew Benson, this process takes place in the stroma of the chloroplast. FTPE.,
[10] Name this dark reaction of photosynthesis that generates hexoses from carbon dioxide and ATP.
Answer: Calvin-Benson cycle
[10] An important enzyme in the Calvin cycle is this carboxylase/oxygenase, which catalyzes a common carbon-fixing reaction. It is the most abundant protein on earth.
Answer: rubisco
[10] Proteins that are targeted to the chloroplast, like rubisco, contain this N-terminal tag that is 30 to 100 amino acids long. This structural element interacts with the Toc and Tic complexes.
Answer: transit peptide
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He writes about being carried into the sky by a golden eagle who then lectures him on the properties of sound in *House of Fame*. FTPE:,
[10] Name this writer, who made translations of The Romance of the Rose and wrote The Parliament of Fowls.
Answer: Geoffrey Chaucer
[10] One of Chaucer's best-known works is this courtly romance, drawing on Boccaccio's Il Filostrato. C.S. Lewis wrote about it in The Allegory of Love, and Shakespeare borrowed from it for a play.
Answer: Troilus and Creseyde
[10] Name either of the two stories told by the character of Geoffrey Chaucer in the Canterbury Tales. One is a mock-romance about a Flemish knight, and the other is a long religious tale about the husband of Dame Prudence.
Answer: Accept “The Tale of Sir Topas” or “The Tale of Melibee
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Stuff about the paintings of Raphael, FTPE.,
[10] Painted for the Stanza della Segnatura at the direction of Pope Julius II, this painting depicts Aristotle and Plato and some other scholarly types.
Answer: The School of Athens
[10] Left unfinished at Raphael's death was this huge painting, once the altarpiece of the church of San Pietro in Montorio at Rome. Among the people depicted in it are Christ, Moses, and Elijah.
Answer: The Transfiguration
[10] One of Raphael's finest portraits is a 1515 depiction of this eminent Renaissance figure, painted against a gray background, with a beard and a fur gown.
Answer: Baldassare Castiglione
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Silas Peckham runs the Rockland Apollonian Institute, where the title figure is taught by Helen Darley. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel whose protagonist, a serpentine girl poisoned by rattlesnake venom in utero, dies for love of Dr. Bernard Langdon.
Answer: Elsie Venner: A Romance of Destiny
[10] Name the author of Elsie Venner, a physician and poet who wrote such works as The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table and “Old Ironsides.”
Answer: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
[10] In this poem by Holmes, the speaker describes the title object as a “ship of pearl” and urges his soul to “build thee more stately mansions.”
Answer: The Chambered Nautilus
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Answer the following about an experimental technique, FTPE.,
[10] This type of spectroscopy may be used to study molecular vibrational modes. It is based on an effect in which a molecule is excited to a virtual state and relaxes to a state different from the initial one.
Answer: Raman spectroscopy
[10] For a transition to be observed by Raman spectroscopy, it must result in a change in this value. This value is the ratio of the dipole moment to the external electric field, and can be considered the ability of a molecule's electron density to be distorted.
Answer: polarizability
[10] Transitions in which the molecule ends up in a higher vibrational state are named for this man who worked on a set of differential equations for incompressible fluid flow with Navier.
Answer: George Gabriel Stokes
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Margaret of Antioch, Catherine of Alexandria, and Barbara are sometimes regarded as the most important members of this group, whose cult arose in Germany during the Black Plague. FTPE:,
[10] Give the collective name for this group of fourteen saints invoked against bodily ills, which also includes Sts. Pantaleon and Vitus.
Answer: Fourteen Holy Helpers
[10] Another Holy Helper is this Armenian martyr who died during the reign of Licinius. On his feast day of February 3, believers' throats are blessed to protect against illness.
Answer: St. Blaise
[10] The feast day of this Holy Helper, the patron saint of England, is April 23. Like Margaret of Antioch, he is usually shown conquering a dragon.
Answer: St. George

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