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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Maryland Terrapins Tossups by Phil Durkos
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It was preceded by an indecisive engagement in the harbor of Marseilles, forcing one general to flee from Iberia and Tarraconnensis, but the victor made a foolish attempt to surprise his enemy's forces at Dyrrhachium. That man, who had hoped to renew a ten-year old alliance with his opponent, had his Equestris, Fulminata, and Gallica legions cornered in Thessaly, and badly outnumbered. At last Marc Antony crossed the Adriatic with 3 legions of reinforcements for Caesar, carrying the day. FTP identify this 48 BC battle, subject of an eponymous epic by Lucan in Greece at which the forces of Julius Caesar decisively defeated the coalition army of Cnaeus Ahenobarbus, Cato the Younger, and Pompey Magnus.
Answer: Battle of Pharsalus
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His essay in literary theory, "Remember the Heroic Dead," defends his hetrodox claim that history's two most evocative poets were Rilke and Oscar Wilde. At age 20 he published the one-act play which he called a "tragicomic ecstasy", "Madame de Sade," which won the Kishida Prize. Better-known works include several gay confessional novels such as "Decay of Angels," the final volume of his "Sea of Fertility" cycle. More notably, he and his lover Shinji Morita, with some student activists, broke into the High Commandant's Tokyo office, briefly held him hostage, and called for news reporters in order to commit seppuku on national TV. FTP, identify this author of The Temple of the Golden Pavilion most famed for his first novel, Confessions of a Mask.
Answer: Yukio Mishima or Mishima Yukio
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It plays a double role in the reinforcement of local temperatures, since a high value both is caused by snow, and results in cooling of the land. Among cities on earth, Fairbanks, Alaska exhibits the greatest dichotomy in it, causing a 7°F difference in average annual temperature over a difference of 2km. Among bodies in the solar system, Iapetus has the greatest such dichotomy; its dark side has .04 and its light side .28. FTP, identify this value, calculated as the percent of incident light reflected by a landscape.
Answer: albedo
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Selections from it appear in the lyrics to the Doors' hit single, "Show Me the Way to the Next Whisky Bar." One character is sentenced to death by Tiger Brown despite being his best friend, although that character is suddenly pardoned on the gallows and made a baron in a deliberate parody of a happy ending. Its opening scene introduces Jonathan Peacham, who controls all the beggars of London, and another scene describes the proletarian despair of an abused tavern waitress who styles herself "Pirate Jenny" in her wild, vengeful daydreams. Its songs include "Pirate Jenny's Revenge Song" and "The Ballad of Sexual Obsession," while its plot centers around the relationship between Polly and Mack the Knife. For 10 points, identify this opera written by Bertolt Brecht and set to music by Kurt Weill, an adaptation of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera.
Answer: The Threepenny Opera
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Its name was revived 25 years later as an advisory council for a new government, and it is the background for Turgenev's "Rudin." Many of its operations involved the use of a red flag, and though it saw a one-hundred percent inheritance tax and debt forgiveness, some of its less-enlightened members tried to throw Renoir into a river for looking at them wrong. The Marquis de Gallifet and General Thiers tried to abolish it at its outset, leading to the infamous massacre called "Semaine Sanglante," which saw the common people rise up to riot alongside the intelligentsia, giving the revolutionaries almost a year of power. FTP, identify this colloquium of radical university students which dethroned Napoleon III.
Answer: Paris Commune of 1871
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Virginia Woolf claimed in 1929 that she never had and never would lay flowers on any grave except the grave of this writer. Love letters, some poetic and others merely prurient, were exchanged by this author and the Queen Consort, Catherine Stuart, on whose allegedly "pornographic" basis this writer was denied burial in Westminster Abbey alongside another of her paramours, Sir Richard Lovelace, who may have addressed her in the "Lucasta" poems. Her roman-a-clef trilogy, "Love Letters between a Nobleman and His Sister" was published under the code-name "Astrea," assigned to her when she was a spy for Charles II, but she is better known for her comedy The Rover. FTP, identify this Suriname-born authoress of Oroonoko, one of the earliest English novelists.
Answer: Aphra Behn
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He shares his name with one of Pericles' greatest admirals, and also with the patron saint of Avignon. Present in Homer's famous depiction of Elysium, his death was announced by Antilochus. His mother is cited variously as Zeuxippe and as Philomena, but his father is King Menoetius of Erytheia. He is much discussed in Book IX of Plato's "Symposium," wherein Callimachus expounds on the specific reason he was rejected as a suitor for Helen of Troy. The killer of Cebriones and Sarpedon in the Iliad, he was only defeated when Apollo charmed the spear of Hector. FTP, identify this figure in the Iliad who donned his lover's armor to lead the Myrmidons into battle, a companion of Achilles.
Answer: Patroclus
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Its first section offers a paraphrase of Gottlob Frege, explaining the difference between a priori, a posteriori, synthetic, and analytic truths. This is followed by a lengthy lemma in epistemology which tries to demonstrate that mathematical objects exist, more or less, as Platonic forms. Its final section confesses that the rules given earlier contradict themselves and expresses hope for the resolution, in a perfect axiom set, of one of its coauthors' eponymous semantic paradoxes of self-reference. FTP, name this seminal text in formal logic and early set-theory, authored by Alfred N. Whitehead and Bertrand Russell.
Answer: Principia Mathematica
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Though the overall command belonged to Gottfried de Bouillogne, anointed at the Council of Clermont, he remained in Antioch after taking Dorylaeum. Their forces were taken over by Cardinal Adhemar de le Puy, and by the Prince Tancred of Taranto, whom the poet Torquatto Tasso made the hero of a verse epic concerning this battle. Only 9 days of battle took place, making it the shortest siege in its campaign, lasting from the 6th to the 15th of July, whereupon the Byzantine tetrarch, Taticius, and Princess Clorinda of Christian Ethiopia both arrived on the same morning with reinforcements, prompting the city's Fatimid viceroy, Ifikar Al-dinno, to flee. FTP, identify this climactic battle of the First Crusade.
Answer: Siege of Jerusalem of 1099
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Though their first 3 albums were largely unsuccessful, their next 3 albums, "Infinity," "Evolution," and "Escape," each sold a million copies within a year. Formed in 1973 by two ex-members of Santana, Gregg Rolie and Neal Schon, their top-100 hits in the late 1970s included "Only the Young," "Remember Me," and "Who's Cryin' Now?", although their 1st number-1 hit was 1983's "Separate Ways." FTP, identify this rock group, fronted by Steve Perry and best-known for "After the Fall", "Boat on the River", and "Don't Stop Believin'."
Answer: Journey
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It attempted to model the density of standing electromagnetic waves in a closed cavity at equilibrium with its environment, as its precision depends on the wavelengths being very long. It is based on the assumption that each such wave generates KT energy, as suggested by equipartition theory. However, it was inaccurate because Bose-Einstein statistics, and not Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics, govern a certain type of radiation. FTP, identify this inaccurate precursor to Planck's and Wiens' laws for measuring blackbody radiation density.
Answer: Rayleigh-Jeans Law
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Oswald Spengler failed his thesis on this man, who discussed the "Bow and the Lyre" as an example of his idea of Unity-in-Difference. A favorite of Nietzsche, he was heir to the archonate of his city but abdicated because he would not rule over "fools and wretches." The concept of subtle impermanence is central to his belief concerning the interrelation of ideas and the inhernet order of the universe, termed Logos. He used an analogy of simple monetary exchange to illustrate his best-known idea, which actually relied more heavily on flux. FTP, identify this resident of Ephesus who believed that the world was constantly changing, and thus the basis for all things was fire.
Answer: Heraclitus of Ephesus
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None of this play's principal characters even appear in its first act, which consists of King Mycetes of Persia ordering Theridamas to kill the title character. In Act II, however, the protagonist convinces Theridamas to switch his allegiance, and proceeds to kill Mycetes as well as defeat and lock in a hanging iron cage the Sultan of Egypt, whose daughter and the hero are deeply in love. After giving his famous "sweet fruition of an earthly crown" speech, the hero wages war on and dethrones the mighty Emperor Bajazeth of Asia, then marries his love Zenocrate. Finally, destroyed by his growing hunger for power, the protagonist kills his Zenocrate and their son, and drinks himself to death. FTP, identify this tragedy in two parts by Christopher Marlowe about a 14th century Mongol warlord who conquered most of Asia.
Answer: Tamburlaine the Great
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Its first movement, the "Liturgy of Crystal," is dominated by a clarinet solo which imitates the song of a blackbird, prefiguring its later "Abyss of Birds" movement. In its sixth, climactic "Dance of Fury for the Seven Trumpets" movement, no trumpets are employed, but their sound is imitated by the cello and clarinet, representing the armies of light and darkness gathered on the plains of Armageddon. The concluding "Mingling of Rainbows" movement laments the abrupt curtailment of human history. FTP, identify this piece of chamber music composed in 1931 by Olivier Messiaen.
Answer: Quartet for the End of Time
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Norman Mailer called it "the first truly existentialist work, and the only text on existentialist theology." Though the other two books attributed to its author, written earlier, express exuberant religiosity - one describes the dance of David before the Ark - this text is predominantly despairing in tone. It decries, "All rivers run unto the sea, and there is no new thing under the sun. Vanity of Vanities - All is vanity, and even Vanity is but vanity." Duns Scotus believed that it was written when its alleged author, King Solomon, was nearing death. FTP, identify this Book of the Bible which more famously exhorts, "There is a time for love, and a time for war," followed by the Song of Songs and preceded by the Book of Proverbs.
Answer: Ecclesiastes
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Its genesis partially occurred in Soledad Prison, where the ideas of Regis Debray and the Tupamaros movement appaeled to men like Joseph Remiro and Russel Little. Its leader, who spent time at the Peking House with Willie Wolfe, was inspired after reading an essay by John Quincy Adams regarding Sengo Bieh. Its symbol was a poorly-chosen seven-headed Sri Lankan figure meant to represent Kwanzaa, and its earlier actions include the murder of Marcus Foster, a school superintendent. They eventually shifted to demands regarding food distribution on advice of Patricia Soltysik, as detailed in every secret thing. Led by Donald Defreeze, also known as "Field Marshall Cinque," FTP, identify this group who famously robbed a San Francisco bank with kidnapped heiress Patty Hearst.
Answer: Symbionese Liberation Army
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They were hypothesized in December of 1930 in the course of a series of experiments investigating the loss of more energy than explained by entropy in the angular momentum of particles emitted in beta decay, but their existence went unproven to 1956 and none were actually observed until 1969. They remained somewhat mysterious until 1998 since their existence could not be fully accounted for without postulating that material proton decay, a quantized phenomenon, occurs with predictable regularity. However, shortly before it imploded, the Super K facility provided data that these particles are, as theorized, uncharged, but that they are not actually massless, only very tiny. FTP, identify this kind of lepton, emitted during proton decay, and classified into such flavors as muon and tau.
Answer: neutrino
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The novel is broken into five parts, each with a different narrator recounting his or her memories of the title figure. The first, and most notable, part is narrated by an old Cossack merchant traveling the Caucasus, who met the protagonist when he traded his horse for the beautiful Magyar slave-girl, Bela. Bela's brother Cherin tries to steal her back, and the protagonist kills him, causing Bela to pine to death for several months. However, this is of no consequence to the hero, Grigry Pechorin, who has grown bored of her. FTP, identify this novel by Mikhail Lermontov.
Answer: A Hero of Our Time or Arxhadyen Nashoi Vryemntkov
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A peasant plowing a terrace dominates the painting's left side, while an enormous area of yellow in the background references the cause of the title event. The title figure occupies only a tiny space in the bottom left corner, and is ignored by the other characters. For 10 points, identify this Brueghel painting in which the title character has fallen from the sky to drown after the sun melts his wax wings.
Answer: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
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When the footage of the protagonist's death is eventually shown on national television, his mentally retarded mother Hazel can't understand it, and his father George is distracted by a loud buzzing in his ear. The title character kisses the ceiling after proclaiming himself Emperor and selecting a ballerina as his Empress, as his personal glory causes the two of them to rise magically into the air while dancing. However, the title character is then shot by Diana Moon Glampers, the Handicapper General, because "the year was 2081, and everybody was finally equal." FTP, identify this dystopian short story by Kurt Vonnegut.
Answer: "Harrison Bergeron"
2007 Maryland Terrapins Bonuses by Phil Durkos
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Identify these Chinese dynasties, for 10 points each.,
[10] This longest running Chinese dynasty ruled from the 11th Century BCE to 256 BCE, and was divided into Eastern and Western and Warring States periods.
Answer: Zhou
[10] Ruled by the Three August Ones, this was the legendary first dynasty of China, which preceded the Shang.
Answer: Xia
[10] This dynasty, ruling from 618 to 907, saw the only female Emperor in Chinese history, Wu Zetian. A few poems were also written during the period.
Answer: Tang
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Identify the great theologians and Fathers of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches who wrote during the Patristic Period, FTPE:,
[10] This son of St. Monica wrote "De Civitates Dei" and recanted from Manichaeist heresies.
Answer: St. Augustine of Hippo
[10] This "Desert Father" is so called because he went there to escape temptation. He failed at this task, he tells us, because late at night the devil would appear to him offering copies of Plato and Aristotle, though that's not how Flaubert tells it.
Answer: St. Anthony
[10] This bishop got so excited by what St Paul wrote concerning asexuality in heaven that he just couldn't wait, and had to castrate himself then and there. This author of "Apotheotiko" was excommunicated by everyone except the Coptic Church, to whom he is sacred.
Answer: (St.) Origen of Alexandria
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Identify the author from lines taken from one of their poems for 10 pts or from the name of the poem for 5,
[10] "What passing-bells for those who die as cattle?/ Only the monstrous anger of the guns./ Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle/ Can patter out their hasty orisons."
[5] "Anthem for Doomed Youth"
Answer: Wilfred Owen
[10] "Yet each man kills the thing he loves/ By each let this be heard,/ Some do it with a bitter look,/ Some with a flattering word,/ The coward does it with a kiss,/ The brave man with a sword!"
Answer: Oscar Wilde
[5] "The Ballad of Reading Gaol"
Answer: Matthew Arnold
[10] "O Prince! Sing thou of twilights and of tears; / Of Ilium on fire / Thy nurse a virgin harlot was, and some / Primeval god thy sire / `Tis thine archangel threnody / Which calls us now to quire."
[5] "Empedocles on Etna"
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His characteristic paintings include Ocean Greyness and Autumn Rhythm. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American abstract expressionist married to Lee Krasner whose later paintings have notable fractal dimensions.
Answer: Jackson Pollock
[10] Pollock's best-known drip painting is probably this one, which is signed with two handprints in the upper right-hand corner and currently hangs in the National Gallery. Clement Greenberg nicknamed it for its evocative light pinkish color.
Answer: Number 1, 1950 or Lavender Mist
[10] In 1973, the Australian government paid 2 million dollars for this late Pollock painting, a then-record amount. It's named for the eight vertical streaks of the title color that appear above the rest of the paint.
Answer: Blue Poles
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Answer the following questions concerning abstract algebra FTPE:,
[10] This term is given to a group whose operation is commutative. Its name comes from the man who first proved that the quintic equation is not solvable over the radicals.
Answer: Abelian
[10] This is an Abelian group with a second closed binary operation, with identity, that distributes over the first.
Answer: Ring
[10] This largest sporadic simple group was predicted and constructed by Robert Griess. The factors of its order indicate a curious connection to number theory.
Answer: Monster
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Answer the following questions about an amazingly cool revolutionary group, FTPE:,
[10] It formally splintered away from the Students for a Democratic Society in 1969, and took its name from a Bob Dylan song.
Answer: Weathermen or Weather Underground
[10] In 1971, the Weather Underground established the Brotherhood of Eternal Love to break this man out of federal prison and smuggle him to Algeria.
Answer: Timothy Leary
[10] The organization became markedly more militant following the arrest of Fred Hampton, a member of this other group which was guided by the "Ten Point Program".
Answer: Black Panther Party for Self Defense
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Her career includes a starring role in Poor White Trash and playing opposite Kevin Costner in No Way Out. FTPE.,
[10] Name this actress, who had her 1st starring role as Rachael in Blade Runner.
Answer: Sean Young
[10] Young also played Chani in this David Lynch sci-fi epic which also featured Everett McGill as Stilgar and Max von Sydow as Dr. Kynes.
Answer: Dune
[10] In this 1987 Oliver Stone drama, Young played Kate Gekko, the wife of Michael Douglas' character Gordon.
Answer: Wall Street
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He is the creator of the operas Rusulka and Kate and the Devil. FTPE:,,
[10] Identify this composer of The American Suite whose most critically acclaimed symphony may be his Seventh, done in D Minor.
Answer: Antonin Leopol Dvorak
[10] The Furiant, the Dumka, and the Kolo are among the titular entities of this Dvorak work.
Answer: Slavonic Dances
[10] Dvorak's best-known work is certainly this Ninth symphony, named for and composed in the United States.
Answer: From the New World Symphony
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Answer the following about an African author FTPE:,
[10] This series of novels describes a family led by Al-Sayyid Ahmad Abd al-Jawad, whose sons Yasin, Fahmy, and Kamal all attempt to escape his control. Its third novel, Sugar Street, describes their sons' lives in the title city.
Answer: The Cairo Trilogy
[10] This novelist known as the "Egyptian Balzac" wrote The Cairo Trilogy.
Answer: Naguib Mahfouz
[10] This Mahfouz novel tells of Said Mahran, a former prisoner intent on revenging himself on his former mentor Rauf Ilwan. When not thinking of revenge, Said likes to spend time with a prostitute named Nur and the café owner named Tarzan.
Answer: The Thief and the Dogs
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ANSWER Immanuel Kant,
[10] The founder of German Idealism, he wrote "Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals".
[10] Kant's student, he believed the empirical world to be emanations from the ego; he wrote "Reclamation of the Freedom of Though from the Powers of Europe" and "Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation".
Answer: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
[10] Fichte's student, he wrote "Philosophy of Nature" "Investigation of Transcendence," and "Makers of Myth." He went to school with Hegel.
Answer: Friedrich Wilhelm Schelling
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For ten points each, identify the following terms from genetics, given a definition.,
[10] In this type of differentiation, named after its discover, a single allele controls a single trait.
Answer: Mendelian differentiation
[10] This takes place when the action of one gene is modified by many other alleles.
Answer: Epistasis
[10] When a single allele governs multiple phenotypic traits, such as the one that controls finger and toe length.
Answer: Pleiotropy
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Answer the following about regions of France for 10 points each.,
[10] This section of France nearest to England was a favorite home of Gauguin, and includes historical cities like Nantes.
Answer: Brittany
[10] This region often contested with Germany is on the western edge of France, and includes Strasbourg, the home of the European Parliament.
Answer: Alsace-Lorraine
[10] Marseille is probably the most famous city in this region, whose name lends itself to the language used by medieval troubadours.
Answer: Provence
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Identify the following European writers who were put to death by their governments, FTPE.,
[10] At the age of 26, this nephew of Seneca completed his epic poem "Pharsalia," glorifying the memory of Republican Rome; Nero reacted by accusing him of treachery and ordered him to drink poison.
Answer: Lucan
[10] This Son of Ben, known for "Session of the Poets" and "Why So Pale and Wan, Fair Lover?", was killed fleeing a failed attempt to break the Earl of Strafford out of the Tower of London.
Answer: Sir John Suckling
[10] The author of The House of Bernardo Alba and Blood Wedding, he was shot shortly after the Falange party assumed power.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
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Answer these questions about ancient sculpture FTPE,
[10] This marble statue created by Myron shows a flexed athlete about to throw the title object.
Answer: The Discobolus or The Discus-thrower
[10] Often considered the Athens' greatest sculptor in the Periclean Golden Age, he sculpted Kalos Charmides and the legendary Athena Promaicha, which Constantine the not-so Great stole from the Parthenon and then somehow managed to lose in a warehouse somewhere.
Answer: Pheidias
[10] The greatest Athenian sculptor of the third century BCE, this sculptor founded the first academy of the arts in the history of the world; his works include the Hermes with the Infant Dionysos, and the Great Head of Hermes, which now adorns the main lobby in the British Musuem.
Answer: Praxiteles the Elder
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Identify the following buildings from Russian History, FTPE:,
[10] This fortress was erected in 1703 on Zayachy Ostrov, Hare Island, in St. Petersburg. It was finished in 1740 by Terlizzi, and although it was never used in war, it became famous as a prison for political dissidents.
Answer: St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress
[10] Now part of the Hermitage complex, this seasonal residence served as headquarters to several provisional governmetns during the revolution.
Answer: Winter Palace
[10] This structure, built following the fall of Khazan, was the work of Postnik Yakovlev. It may have been his last work.
Answer: St. Basil's Cathedral (or Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat)
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Answer these questions about a notable theorem FTPE.,
[10] It argues that given the criteria of non-dictatorship, universality, montonicity, and citizen sovereignty, no system of voting can produce a fair outcome based on individual preferences.
Answer: Arrow's Impossibility Theorem
[10] The Arrow Impossibility theorem can be strengthened by replacing the criteria of montonicity and citizen sovereignty with this criterion named for an Italian economist, in which there is no other allocation that can make an individual better off while making no other individual worse off.
Answer: Pareto Optimality or efficiency
[10] This economist argued that the assumption of incomparable interpersonal utilities presents a flaw in Arrow's impossibility theorem in Collective Choice and Social Welfare.
Answer: Amartya Sen
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Answer the following related to plants and algae FTPE.,
[10] This basic process that converts energy in sunlight to chemical forms of energy can be used by many different organisms.
Answer: Photosynthesis
[10] This mechanism enables plants living in desert climates keep their stomachs closed during the day to aid CO2 fixation.
Answer: CAM or Crassulacean Acid Metabolism
[10] Organisms such as cyanobacteria and red algae have additional pigments with this name which absorb the colors of visible light that are not effectively absorbed by chlorophyll and carotenoids.
Answer: Phycobilins
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Identify the following poetic epics written in Old English alliterative meter, FTPE.,
[10] Once designated Cotton Vitellius VI, it tells the story of the title king as he battles the demon Grendel, its mother, and a fire dragon.
Answer: Beowulf
[10] Written by the author of "Pearl" and "Orfeo," it tells the story of the two title characters, one of whom has agreed to be beheaded by the other at the end of the year, but who is released from his oath.
Answer: Sir Gawaine and the Green Knight
[10]The inspiration for Tolkien's play "The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth," it describes the failure of Lord Beorhtnoth against the Vikings during the title altercation and outlines the Old Northern heroic code.
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Name the following Roman historians, FTPE:,
[10] A close confidante of Tiberius, he wrote "Germania" and "Annals".
[10] Hadrian's secretary, he wrote biographies of twelve Caesars.
Answer: Megaera, Furies or Eumenides
[10] A friend of Julian the Apostate and Libanius of Antioch, he wrote the "Rerum Gestarum Libri," chronicling the years 96-378.
Answer: Medusa, Gorgons

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