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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 July Crisis Tossups by Round 7
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first stage of this program was codenamed Project 706 after being outlined at the Multan Conference and made use of the Chasma facility. The Brown and Pressler amendments were attempts to stop this program by cutting off foreign aid, while retired diplomat Gerard Smith attacked the United States for not stopping this program, and Anthony Cordesman criticized China for aiding it. It was conceived as a response to Operation Smiling Buddha and resulted in tests at the Ras Koh range. The products of this program can be mounted onto Babur-class missiles, and some were sold by Dr. A.Q. Khan to North Korea. For ten points, name this program that resulted in a certain Urdu-speaking country having a certain type of WMD.
Answer: Pakistan's Nuclear Program [with generosity and liberality, accept any equivalent answer that has to do with Pakistani developing nukes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During this man's reign, explorers from his country discovered Bruce Island and Arthur Island during a polar expedition led by Julius Payer, while a part of Greenland named for this ruler includes Frankel Land. Another explorer from this ruler's country, Count Teleki, became the first man to climb Mount Kenya. This ruler was forced to fire the once-promising General Louis Benedek after a military defeat that led to the Ausgleich. This man became the last secular ruler to veto a papal election, doing so to get back at a bishop who refused his first heir a Christian burial after the Meyerling Incident, in which that heir committed suicide. This man's second heir was morganatically married to Duchess Sophie but was removed from the line of succession by the Black Hand. For ten points, name this man who ruled Austria-Hungary from 1848 through World War One.
Answer: Francis Joseph I [accept: Franz Josef, Ferenc Jozsef]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like his father, this ruler was advised by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder. After this man violated the territory of a neighboring polity administered by Theophilus Shepstone in order to capture some escaped wives, he received an insulting ultimatum from High Commissioner Sir Henry Bartle Frere that sparked the war this ruler is most famous for, in which Lord Chelmsford invaded his lands. This ruler's forces were defeated at Rorke's Drift and he was deposed after the loss of Ulundi, his capital, a far cry from when his forces wiped out the enemy army at Isandlwana. For ten points, name this nephew of Shaka who led the Zulus against the British in the 1870's.
Answer: Cetshwayo [accept: Cetawayo, Cetewayo, Cetywajo, Ketchwayo]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Dolfo Spini led a group opposed to this event known as the Compagnacci. Fra Domenico trained hundreds of children to participate in this event, which may have been inspired by an earlier one organized by Bernardine of Siena. One historian who wrote about this event was Burlamacchi, who claimed that a passing Venetian merchant offered 22,000 gold forms to stop this event. The man who organized this event had earlier levied a tax known as "la decima" and was the author of the works "Infelix Ego" and "On the Downfall of the World". Held on Shrove Tuesday, the traditional beginning of carnival, it is unclear whether this event in the Piazza della Signoria included the participation of Botticelli and Michaelangelo. For ten points, name this 1497 event in Florence, where Savonarola put hundreds of masks, paintings, and books to the torch.
Answer: the bonfire of the vanities [accept: falo delle vanita]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Part of the losing force at this battle was commanded by the Genoese Egidio Barbavera. The winning force, including second-in-command Sir Robert Morley, had come from Orwell to Blankenberge. The losers took a defensive position to prevent an advance on Bruges, which had already been occupied by the winning commander's wife, Philippa of Hainault, and stood near the mouth of the Eede River; this let the eventual winners attack with the sun to their backs while the losers were chained together, but this battle was not decided until sunset, when a Flemish fleet arrived to help the English. For ten points, name this 1340 naval victory for Edward II off the coast of Flanders, the first battle of the Hundred Years War.
Answer: Battle of Sluys [accept: Battle of Ecluse]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This battle began with a skirmish at the Red Lion Inn in which troops under the command of Von Heister succeeded in diverting General Sullivan's forces and ended with an evacuation by the Marblehead Regiment under the cover of fog. One side defended the Flatbrush Pass through the heights of Guan but found themselves outflanked by forces led by General Clinton who had advanced through the undefended Jamaica Pass. The Old Stone House near the Gowanus canal was the site of heavy fighting as Alexander Stirling led a company of Marylanders in a holding action to buy time for a retreat across a tidal marsh to the Brooklyn Heights. Resulting in the loss of New York City, FTP, identify this August 1776 defeat for George Washington that took place on an island across the Hudson from Manhattan.
Answer: Battle of Long Island [Prompt on Battle of Brooklyn; Accept Brooklyn Heights until mentioned; I guess you can prompt on Battle of New York City until mentioned too]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One community of these people was located on Vetka Island, and those who migrated to Romania are known as Lipovians, and many of these trace their ideological descent to Avvakum. The Filipians are a group of these known for their habit of self-immolation, which they used as a tool to escape repression. These people sought refuge in the Latvian city of Daugavpils, where the businessman Diakonov built them a place of worship. These people who use seven prosphora are also known as Raskolniki, and Peter the Great targeted them with his beard tax. For ten points, name these people who use two fingers to make the sign of the cross and oppose the 1652 reforms of Patriarch Nikon of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Answer: Old Believers [accept: Staro Obryadtsy; Raskolniki until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This commander once dispatched Lieutenant Charles Gatewood to negotiate with a leader of the Chiricahuas Indians, and after replacing General George Cook he sent Captain Henry Lawton on a mission that violated Mexican territory before resulting in a surrender at Skeleton Canyon. He also ordered Colonel James Forsyth to put down an uprising led by Big Foot. He earlier received the Medal of Honor after being shot in the neck at Chancellorsville. Over the objections of Governor John Altgeld, President Cleveland ordered this man to march on Chicago during the Pullman riots. Late in his career, this man led an amphibious assault on Guanica before being retired by Theodore Roosevelt. For ten points, name this man nicknamed the "Brave Peacock" who ordered Wounded Knee, captured Geronimo, and led the American invasion of Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War.
Answer: Nelson Appleton Miles [prompt on "The Brave Peacock" until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler's early reign saw the dismissal of the corrupt eunuch Lekapenos and the defeat of a rebellion led by Bardas Phokas. This ruler gained territory from King Smbat III of Armenia after an Armenian vassal named David willed his estates to this ruler's empire, which formed an alliance against Georgios Tzul with Mstislav of Chernigov that successfully captured Kerch and ravaged the Khazars. This ruler's general Nikephoros Uranus captured Aleppo, while this ruler's sister Ana married Vladimir of Kiev. This ruler's forces were slaughtered at the Battle of Trajan's Gate, but he had much better luck at the Battle of Kleidion, where he destroyed Samuil's army and blinded the survivors, telling them to march back to a certain country and tell every man, woman, and child that this ruler was their new master. For ten points, name this 11th century Byzantine Emperor, who they still call "the murderer" in Sofia.
Answer: Basil II [accept: Basil the Bulgar-Slayer, Basil Boulgaroktonos, Basil the Murderer until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This person used the pseudonym Otis Binet Stanford in a satirical work defending "The Universal Card," and described his time selling VapoRub in the essay "Give the Devils No Mercy." This man claimed that propaganda is written for the employers of propagandists in his work "Is Anybody Listening?" He coined the term "filarchy" and studied New York street life in order to determine that "seven people per foot of walkway a minute is a nice bustle." The most famous work of this editor of Fortune magazine includes a chapter entitled "The Decline of the Protestant Ethic" and warns against corporate conformity. For 10 points, name this author of City: Rediscovering the Center and The Organization Man, whose last name is a homonym for the predominant skin color of major league baseball players in the early twentieth century.
Answer: William H. Whyte
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of these documents called for stripping the President of the Supreme Court of the power to succeed the President and led to the Battle of Icamole and a conflict against the supporters of President Lerdo, while another one denounced the Governor of Nayarit as illegitimately elected. One of these was drafted by an alliance between General Echavarri and anti-imperial forces and resulted in the Constitution of 1824. One was issued in the wake of a land sale to a former President of the South Carolina Railroad Company, while one in 1910 served as the founding document of the PRI. For ten points, when you start a revolution in Mexico, it's traditional to issue one of these statements of your principles, such as the one of Ayala.
Answer: Plans from Mexican History [accept: planes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One community of these people, whose writings were collected by W.T. Gidney in 1853, and who were also visited by Medhurst and Mollendorff, was described by W.A.P. Martin in 1865, who said they traced their settlement there to the reign of Lung-hing and that their religious buildings contained Persian inscriptions and were in ruins. That community had earlier been discovered by Matteo Ricci in the seventeenth century. The Fugu Plan envisioned creating a community of them in Manchuria. A new community of these was established by the efforts of He Fengshan, a diplomat who freely issued visas allowing them to settle in Shanghai, but the most famous community of these was in Kaifeng. The son of one of these from Harbin became Prime Minister of their homeland in 2006 at the head of Kadima. For ten points, name this ethno-religious group including Ehud Olmert.
Answer: Jews [accept: Hebrews; Hebraic Peoples; Israelites; Yidn; Yehudi; Chinese Jews; Youtairen; Tiao Jin Jiao, other equivalents; accept Kaifeng Jews before "Fugu"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler befriended the thinker Giichi Miura, whose concept of kokutai influenced his regime. Jack Snyder used this man's regime to illustrate his theory that oligarchies are prone to making irrational decisions. Prior to coming to power, this one-time subordinate of Seishiro Itagaki helped purge supporters of the February 26 incident and served in the government of Fumimaro Konoye. Saburo Kurusu was a diplomat sent by this ruler, who had earlier served as commander of the Kempeitai, or military police. One of his last acts in office was ordering that no Japanese civilian should die before killing ten invaders, and he was later tried and executed for war crimes. For ten points, name this Japanese Prime Minister during World War Two.
Answer: Hideki Tojo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to Chinese tradition this practice, sometimes called "planting the flowers," became popular after a Tibetan nun suggested it to Wang Tan. In 1706 an African slave named Onesimus said it was a common practice among the Guramantese and told his master, Cotton Mather, about it. Emanuelle Timoni told the Royal Society about this practice in a 1716 letter from the Ottoman Empire, where it is first recorded as being performed on Circassian slave girls, perhaps contributing to their reputation for beauty. The Scotsman William Douglass opposed this practice in colonial Boston, and Lady Montagu promoted it among the European nobility. In 1777, George Washington ordered all of his troops to undergo this procedure in the wake of an epidemic of the disease it prevents. For ten points, name this procedure that gives a patient a mild formof live smallpox usually via an incision, not to be confused with vaccination.
Answer: Inoculation for Smallpox [accept: Variolation; do not accept "Vaccination"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This polity was forced to pay tribute by Sagatu, a Mongol general, and Zhou Daguan wrote an important primary source while serving as diplomat to this empire. A 1951 history of this state was written by Lawrence Palmer Briggs, and in Collapse, Jared Diamond traces the downfall of this state to wood depletion. It was preceded by the Funan culture and the Chenla culture. One ruler of this state sacked Vijaya and placed his brother-in-law Harideva on the throne of neighboring Champa. After fighting many wars against the Sukhothai state, this polity was conquered by the Kingdom of Ayuthia. For ten points, name this state founded by Jayavarman II, notable for building Angkor Wat and being the most famous Cambodia-based empire.
Answer: Khmer Empire [do not accept Khmer Rouge]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this ruler's last acts was making Quintus Sosius Falco a consul. During his reign, Ulpius Marcellus fought a successful defensive action along the Antonine Wall in Britain. The Greek Saoterus was an advisor to this emperor, whose praetorian prefects included Cleander and Perennis. Unsuccessful conspiracies against this man include one led by the jurist P. Salvius Julianus and one led by Umidus Quadratus and Lucila, the widow of this man's dead brother Lucius Verus. After this man claimed he was Hercules, renamed Rome for himself, and began entering gladiatorial contests, he was overthrown by Pertinax, allowing M. Didius Julianus to buy the throne and leading to the Year of the Five Emperors. For ten points, name this punk son of Marcus Aurelius who ended the streak of good emperors.
Answer: Commodus
 
2008 July Crisis Bonuses by Round 7
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Publius is a Senator of the late Roman Republic. Answer stuff about his life FTPE.,
[10] Publius supports Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and thus can be called a member of this conservative Senatorial faction. They would later oppose Julius Caesar.
Answer: Optimates
[10] Publius owns a large estate where he grows wheat and grapes. He learned how to manage it by reading this Socratic dialogue by Xenophon about how to run a farm.
Answer: Oeconomicus
[10] Publius hopes to one day be a consul, so he can sit in this special chair used only by high-ranking officers in the Roman republic.
Answer: curule chair [accept: sella curulis]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identifty the following about the greatest city in the world, Port Arthur.,
[10] Port Arthur lies on the tip of this Chinese peninsula.
Answer: Liaotung Peninsula [accept: Liadung]
[10] The opening shots of the Russo-Japanese War were fired at Port Arthur by this Japanese admiral, who led a sneak attack.
Answer: Heihachiro Togo
[10] Japan first tried to gain control of Port Arthur by this 1895 treaty with China, though the Triple Intervention of Germany, France, and Russia blocked it.
Answer: Treaty of Shimonoseki
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following things to keep in mind when you're invading Southeastern Europe FTPE.,
[10] If you're invading in the 20th century, you might want to look out for this Yugoslav Royalist resistance group who fought the Germans during World War Two in the name of King Peter II.
Answer: Chetniks
[10] If you're invading in the 15th century, you might be stymied by this Albanian guerilla leader who fought the Turks. He's still considered a national hero.
Answer: Skanderbeg
[10] If you're 72 years old, don't hit the bottle too hard, or you might die from over-drinking like Suleiman the Magnificent did after winning this 1566 battle, where he captured a namesake Croatian-defended fort in modern-day Hungary.
Answer: Battle of Szigetvar [accept: Battle of Siget]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Unlike the Popish Plot, this attempt to place a Catholic on the English throne was probably real. FTPE,,
[10] First, name this 1683 attempt to kill Charles II.
Answer: Rye House Plot
[10] This member of the House of Lords was charged with treason for supporting the Rye House plot but escaped by fleeing to the Netherlands. In England, he had been a patron of John Locke.
Answer: Lord Shaftesbury [accept: Anthony Ashley-Cooper; 1st Earl of Shaftesbury]
[10] Another plotter in the Rye House plot was the Duke of Monmouth, an illegitimate son of Charles II would would later lead a revolt against James II that was ended at this battle.
Answer: Battle of Sedgemoor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the Regulators FTPE.,
[10] The Regulators were rebelling against this corrupt colonial governor of North Carolina. His offenses included building himself a mansion at taxpayer expense.
Answer: William Tryon
[10] The Regulators were defeated and scattered at this 1771 battle.
Answer: Battle of Alamance Creek
[10] Regulator leaders included this man, who wrote the pro-regulator tract "Shew Yourselves to be Freemen". After Alamance Creek, he was banned from North Carolina and moved to Pennsylvania, where he helped start the Whiskey Rebellion.
Answer: Herman Husband [accept: Harmon Husband]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the Christianization of the Germanic peoples FTPE.,
[10] In 723, this man famously chopped down an oak tree sacred to Thor, convincing many pagans to convert. He is the patron saint of Germany.
Answer: Saint Boniface [accept: Saint Bonifacius; Saint Bonifatius]
[10] The first known Bible in the German language was written in Gothic by this Arianist bishop. In fact, it's the only known writing in old Gothic.
Answer: Ulfilas [accept: Wulfilas]
[10] Denmark was officially converted to Christianity by this second King of Denmark. He bragged about this accomplishment on the larger of the two Jelling stones.
Answer: Harald Bluetooth [accept: Harald I; Harald Blatand; Harald Blatonn]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
There's more to the Hittites than just laryngeal consonants; answer stuff about that FTPE.,
[10] This Hittite King fought Ramesses the Great to a draw at the Battle of Kadesh, and later signed the world's first recorded peace treaty.
Answer: Muwatalli II
[10] Muwatalli II and other Hittite kings ruled from this Anatolian city, the capital of Hatti-land.
Answer: Hatusa
[10] The Hittites were neighbors of these peoples, who probably moved to Anatolia from the Caucuses. They formed a number of kingdoms, most notably Mitani.
Answer: Hurrian Peoples
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a concept from American law FTPE.,
[10] This power, granted to US states, allows them to protect public health and morals by limiting individual freedom.
Answer: police power
[10] The Supreme Court used the state police power to justify limiting the number of hours that female workers could work in this 1908 case, famous for a social science-packed brief by Louis Brandeis.
Answer: Muller v. Oregon [accept either order]
[10] The Supreme Court first started applying the police power to limitations on labor in this 1898 case, which upheld a Utah law limiting the amount of hours miners could work.
Answer: Holden v. Hardy [accept either name and order]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these things about historical figures who, like Ted Gioia, had to live with the stigma of having fathers who were poets FTPE.,
[10] As a kid, this second Mughal emperor could brag that his father conquered India, but could be teased about how Babur also wrote beautiful poems that are read to this day.
Answer: Humayun
[10] Li Yu, the son of the poet Li Jing, was so ashamed of his father's word-tinkering that he got conquered and is known as the last ruler of this dynasty, which fell in AD 978 after being already being reduced to one of the ten kingdoms and five dynasties.
Answer: Southern Tang Dynasty
[10] One of the reasons the 1848 revolution in Hungary may have failed was because one of its figurative "fathers" was this National Poet of Hungary, who was killed at the Battle of Segesvar.
Answer: Sandor Petofi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following late 20th century rulers of China FTPE.,
[10] This man was Mao's immediate successor and build Mao's multi-purpose mausoleum but was deposed by an intra-party coup in 1981.
Answer: Hua Guofeng
[10] This protege of Deng Xiaoping had a bright future in the Chinese Communist Party until he bungled Tianamen Square and got himself purged. He was replaced as General Secretary by Jiang Zemin and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.
Answer: Zhao Ziyang
[10] This man served as Premier of the PRC during Tianamen Square. His hardline stance towards the protest enabled to retain his hold on power, but his cautious approach to economic reform isolated him and lead to his replacement by rival Zhu Rongji.
Answer: Li Peng
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about Jainism.,
[10] Modern Jainism was founded by this 24th Tirthankara in the 6th century BC.
Answer: Mahavira [accept: Vardhamana]
[10] Jains are noted for following this doctrine of non-violence, which says that even killing insects is bad.
Answer: Ahimsa
[10] A century and a half after Mahavira, Jainism split into two sects over whether or not monks should be naked. For a final ten points, name either sect.
Answer: Digambir OR Svetambar [If anyone asks, Digambir are the naked ones]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the time a football coach served as a substitute teacher in biology class and decided to teach evolution, for 10 points each.,
[10] John Scopes was convinced to teach evolution by this metallurgical engineer who hoped that a trial could boost the economy of Dayton, Tennessee.
Answer: George Rappleyea
[10] The teaching of evolution violated this 1925 act that was quickly repealed a mere 45 years later.
Answer: Butler Act
[10] This presiding judge in the Scopes Trial, who had wanted to hold the case under a tent, fined Scopes $100 after he was found guilty.
Answer: John T. Raulston
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following concerning a remarkable 16th century trip across the unknown interior of North America FTPE.,
[10] This man and his three companions others were the only survivors of a 1528 shipwreck off the coast of Florida. After a harrowing 8 years of exploration and endurance in which he became the first white man to see buffalo, he reached Mexico City and wrote a narrative of his experiences entitled "La Relacion."
Answer: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
[10] Cabeza de Vaca's companions included this Berber, who was Cabeza de Vaca's slave and servant.
Answer: Esteban the Moor [accept: Estevanico; Esteban Negro; Mustafa Zemmouri]
[10] The evidence Cabeza de Vaca gave of opulent cities caused many in Spain to imagine the existence of these legendary towns thought to have been founded in the 8th century by seven fugitive bishops.
Answer: Seven Cities of Cibola [or Seven Cities of Cibola and Quivira do not accept "Seven Cities of Gold"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following notable Russian ships FTPE.,
[10] This ship set out to sea in 1905. The crew mutinied and defected to Romania. Some meat was infested with maggots. Many transparent TUs were written about the subsequent Eisenstein movie.
Answer: Potemkin
[10] This cruiser fired the opening shots of the October Revolution when it was used to signal the start of an attack on the winter palace.
Answer: Aurora
[10] This battleship was one of the most successful of the WW2-era Soviet Navy. It is named for a 1714 Russian naval victory over Sweden off the coast of Finland in the Great Northern War.
Answer: Gangut
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these olde tyme weapons FTPE.,
[10] This early rifle-like weapon, frequently fired from a tripod, was used at the Battle of Pavia, as well as the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
Answer: arquebus
[10] The Swiss Guard is still armed with this long pole weapon, which allowed massed infantry to massacre any army of knights foolish enough to challenge Swiss neutrality.
Answer: halberd
[10] This is a term for a giant sword intended for use with two hands. They are common in Scotland.
Answer: Claymore
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from 20th century Egyptian politics FTPE.,
[10] In 1962, Gamal Abdel Nasser created this political party, which adopted Nasser's ideology and ruled Egypt for nearly two decades.
Answer: Arab Socialist Union [accept: ASU; accept: al-Ittihad al-Ishtiraki i-Arabi]
[10] Anwar Sadat left the Arab Socialist Union to found the National Democratic Party, whose members include this current President of Egypt.
Answer: Hosni Mubarak
[10] Mubarak faces internal opposition from this group founded by the Sufi Hassan al-Banna, who consider him too secular. They are the largest non-NDP party in Parliament.
Answer: Muslim Brotherhood [accept: al-ikhwan al-muslimun]

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