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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 July Crisis Tossups by Round 5
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This polity was defeated at the Battles of Khadki and Mahidpur. Under the command of Kanhoji Angre, this polity's navy killed Thomas Chown and held William Aislabie hostage after capturing the HMS Algerine. The attempt of Raghunathrao to take control of this polity resulted in the Battle of Wadgaon and the Treaty of Salbai. True power in this polity rested in officials with the title of "Peshwa" after the death of its founder, and it declined after the Afghan warlord Ahmad Shah Durrani and his Muslim alliance defeated it at the Third Battle of Panipat. By 1818 it was absorbed into the British Empire. For ten points, name this confederation organized by Shivaji I, an Indian empire that defeated the Mughals after beginning as a Hindu rebellion against Aurengzeb.
Answer: Maratha Confederation [accept: Maratha Empire; Maratha Alliance; equivalent]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One rebellion based in this city claimed the life of P. Licinius Crassus. That uprising involved the Stoic philosopher Blossius of Cumae and was led by a man nicknamed "Aristonicus" before being crushed by Marcus Perperna. This city's ruling dynasty was founded by Philetaerus, who prior to the Battle of Curupedium had been an officer in the army of Lysimachus of Thrace. One artifact from this city is a frieze of Telephos, through whom its rulers claimed descent from Heracles. Apart from its Great Library, this city was home to a medical school known as the Asclepium, where Galen himself studied. In 133 BC, this city's revenues were bequeathed to the Roman Republic and were used by Tiberius Gracchus to fund the execution of his agrarian law. This was done by Attalus III, who built a great temple now in a Berlin museum named for this city. For ten points name this Greek city-state in western Anatolia.
Answer: Pergamon [accept: Pergamum]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This event happened three years after the Battle of Vadla and two years after the Battle of Brannkyrka. After this event, the Ribbing brothers were beheaded and Didrik Slagheck became a bishop. Soren Norby and Otto Krumen unsuccessfully tried to stop this event, and after this event the body of a man who died on Lake Malaren after losing the Battle of Bogesund was exhumed and burned. This event was mostly carried out by Jorgen Holmuth, a German mercenary, and the targets of this event were accused of heresy by Archbishop Trolle, but were really guilty of supporting Sten Sture the Younger. For ten points, name this event where Christian II of Denmark invaded Sweden and killed a bunch of people to restore the Kalmar Union.
Answer: Stockholm Bloodbath [accept: Stockholm Massacre; Stockholms Blodbad]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Cardinal Hameric called this man a "noisy and troublesome frog", while St. Malachi allegedly died in this man's arms. This man opposed the Petrobrusian heresy promoted by Henry of Lausanne. He wrote a treatise to the Archbishop of Sens titled "On the Office of Bishops", and his other works include an Apology addressed to William of St. Thierry and the "Book of Considerations" sent to Pope Eugene III. This speaker at the Field of Vezelay convinced William of Aquitaine and Roger II of Sicily to drop their support of Antipope Anacletus II. At the Council of Troyes, he helped draft a new charter for the Knights Templar, while at the Council of Sens he debated his rival, the author of "Yes and No", Peter Abelard. For ten points, name this devotee of the Virgin Mary, promoter of the Second Crusade, and Cistercian monk, known by the name of the monastery he founded.
Answer: Saint Bernard of Clairvaux [prompt on "Bernard"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A first-hand account of this event was written by Mrs. Ann Cotton. Major Thomas Cheeseman was captured in this conflict and died of abuse in prison. Captain Thomas Grantham used sea power to help end this conflict, and results of it include the hanging of Colonel Hansford and the coming to power of Lord Culpepper. Resulting in the calling of the Long Assembly, this conflict was sparked when Thomas Matthews' farm was attacked by the Doeg Indians, but the settlers retaliated against the Susquehannocks instead, sparking a general Indian war that required raising a militia under a man from Curl's Wharf who became upset that the governor refused to help. Although the leader of this uprising issued the Declaration of the People and burned the capital, he died of lice before he could stick it to Governor Berkeley. For ten points, name this 1676 rebellion in colonial Virginia.
Answer: Bacon's Rebellion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Members of this ethnic group staged a hunger strike at Stilla during the Alta controversy, which involved an attempt to build a hydroelectric dam on their land. Their self-governance movement has succeeded in creating three parliaments to govern their internal affairs, located in Karashjokha, Inari Province, and Kiruna. They practice a traditional handicraft named Duodji and some carry a drum called a meavrresgarri. Their flag, designed to resemble a shaman's drum, features a red and blue circle intersected by yellow and green lines, and their traditional clothing includes the Four Winds Hat and the Gakti, a warm coat. For ten points, name these indigenous people, who can be found in Murmansk and who herd reindeer in northern Scandinavia.
Answer: Sami [accept: Lapps]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In a speech in this city, President Taft described his throat as "sore as a raw piece of meat," which led to an embellished report that he was desperately ill. Ben Allen, a coorrespondent for a newspaper of this city, was killed in an auto accident during Wilson's League of Nations tour. A convention held in this city changed the leadership of the Zionist Organization of America from Louis Brandeis to Lipsky and Neuman, and a parade organized in this city by Charles Ruthenberg led to the May Day Riots of 1919. The crime reporting in its newspapers was studied by Roscoe Pound and Felix Frankfurter, and this city's police force once found a chest with pornographic material while searching for a suspected bombing fugitive in the residence of Dollree Mapp, which led to a 1961 Supreme Court case. For 10 points, name this city that shares its name with a U.S. President and is the largest in Ohio.
Answer: Cleveland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
While in college, this ruler joined a conspiracy to assassinate Rolando Masferrer, and he was a suspect in the assassination of Jorge Gaitan in Bogota. He joined the Orthodox Party of Eduardo Chibas, which opposed the rule of Ramon San Martin. This man's forces were attacked at the Battle of Las Mercedes, part of Operation Verano, which targeted him. Alberto Bayo taught this man paramilitary tactics, and with the support of the exiled Carlos Socarras he was able to take the yacht Granma back to his native country, where after a diversionary attack on Cespedes he launched a July 26 assault on the Moncada barracks. For ten points, name this comrade of Che Guevara who overthrow Fulgencio Bautista to become the first ruler of Communist Cuba.
Answer: Fidel Castro
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The defenders in this siege had retreated from the Battle of Nikopol and their fortified positions included the Grivitza redoubt. An early attempt to take this position was made by General Schilder Schuldner. After forces under the command of General Kurdener, the cavalry commander General Schakofsky, and Prince Charles of Romania also failed to take this position, the losing side at this six-month siege had their supply lines cut by Mikhail Skobelev's victory at the Battle of Lovcha, allowing Eduard Todleben to take control of this site using his experience from the Crimean War. Taking this fortress allowed the winning side to take control of the Shipka Pass and thus liberate Bulgaria from an army led by Osman Pasha. For ten points, name this 1877 Russian victory over the Turk that led to the Treaty of San Stefano.
Answer: Battle of Pleven [accept: Battle of Pleva; Siege of Pleven; Siege of Pleva]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This event occurred on a lion-adorned monument located in the Fengdai District and known as Lugouqiao. It was blamed on Song Zheyuan and led to the siege of Wanping, which gave the victors control of an important railroad. The invaders' numerical advantage during it was due in part to the 1935 He-Umezi Agreement, which recognized their occupation of Hebei. Many have blamed it on a Communist conspiracy to spark a war of attrition that the Nationalists would undoubtedly lose, and it did serve as a pretext for Kanichiro Tashiro to occupy Beijing. FTP, identify this 1937 "incident" that marked the beginning of Japan's full-scale invasion of China, named for a structure first crossed by a Venetian traveler.
Answer: Marco Polo Bridge Incident [accept: July 7 Incident; qiqi shibian; prompt on Roko Bridge Incident or Lugou Bridge Incident because Lugouqiao was mentioned in the question]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Mayor John McLuckie made an unsuccessful effort to avoid armed conflict during this event, which saw Camp Sam Black built to house prisoners. Hugh Douglas fended off two amphibious assaults during this event, one led by Frederick Heinde, eventually burning the barges used by the attackers. Sheriff William McCleary intervened in this event, as did General Snowden on the orders of Governor Robert Pattison. Future Secretary of State Philander Knox was the lawyer for one side in this conflict. This event led Alexander Berkman, who sympathized with the Amalgamated Association, to attempt to assassinate Henry Clay Frick, who had been sent to de-unionize the place where it occurred. For ten points, name this 1892 strike at one of Andrew Carnegie's steel plants in Eastern Pennsylvania.
Answer: Homestead Strike
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One branch of this religious group was founded by Matsumara Kaiseki in 1907 and is known as "The Way", and Ito Mansho was a member of this group who led a diplomatic mission in 1584. Members of this religious group founded the Daishin School and may have assassinated the tax collector Hayashi Hyozaemon. Arima Harunobu joined this group, which first became popular during the Nanban Era, after a vision instructed him to split open a tree stump. Yamada Uemonsaku betrayed one group of adherents to this religion while they were being led by Amakusa Shiro during the Shimabara Rebellion against the Tokugawa Shogunate. For ten points, name this religion introduced to Japan by the Portuguese whose non-Asian adherents include Martin Luther and Benedict XVI.
Answer: Christianity [accept: Kirishitan]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Austrian existential phenomenologist Hans Kochler wrote about the principles of this group during the 1980's, while Peter Willets wrote about the origins of this group. Organs within this group included the Group of Ten, an informal discussion group made of its past, present, and future leaders. Its founding principles were known as the Panchsheel, or "five restraints" and it organized the Lusaka Conference in 1970. It frequently cooperated with the similar Group of 77. First organized at the Bandung Conference, its founding members include Kwame Nikrumah and Sukarno. For ten points, name this organization led by Egypt, India, and Yugoslavia that was nominally neutral during the Cold War.
Answer: Non-Aligned Movement [accept: NAM]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A reactionary one of these officials came to power in the Thirty-First March Incident. Another lends his name to the Candarli Era, and the shortest-lived of these was Kara Musa, who died upon hearing that he had received this position. Sokullu held this post for over sixty years. The name "Tulip Era" is given to the term in office of one of these, and an important family of them was the Koprulu. One of these, Kara Mustafa, planned to betray his master and create his own state in the Danubian plain, but was defeated by Jan II Sobieski at the Siege of Vienna. For ten points, name this official whose office was the Sublime Porte, the chief minister of an Ottoman Sultan.
Answer: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire [accept: Sadr-I Azam; Serdar-I Ekrem; Sadrazam; prompt on Vizier]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler launched an expedition against the Welsh prince Maredudd of Deheubarth. This ruler issued the Edict of Enham and the Edict of Bath, which recommended nation-wide fasting. Sigeric served as Archbishop of Canterbury during this man's reign, but this man's closed advisor was the Bishop of Worcester, Wulfstan. This man's reign saw an invasion led by Thorkhell the Tall, who this ruler had to pay off. This man's general Byrhtnoth [burh-t-noth] defeated King Olaf Tryggvason of Norway at the Battle of Maldon. This man's predecessor was killed by Queen Elfrida and became known as Edward the Martyr. For ten points, name this ruler whose St. Brices Day Massacre led Sweyn Forkbeard to invade England and who once defecated into the baptismal font en route to becoming an ineffective Saxon King of England.
Answer: Aethelred II [accept: Aethelred the Unready; Aethelred the Un-Counseled; Aethelred the Ill-Counseled, equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
When this archaeological site was first discovered, it was mistaken for a Roman town named Alabastronopolis, but its true identity was revealed by Richard Lepsius. This site's Eastern Workmen's Village is frequently contrasted with an older one at Lahun. Boundary Stelae K at this site describes a ceremony involving a chariot of electrum that occurred when this site was first settled. One discovery at this site was a collection of royal correspondence, including with the King of Mitani and rulers of Canaan, which were unusually written in Akkadian, and Southern Tomb 25 here contains a hymn very similar to Psalm 104. This site's namesake art style involves realistic human figures and it contains some temples dedicated to a solar disc with many arms. For ten points, name this new Egyptian capitol built by Akhenaten.
Answer: Tel el-Amarna [accept: Wa'enre; accept Akhetaten until the guy with the same name is mentioned]
2008 July Crisis Bonuses by Round 5
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about media bias in the Jacksonian Era FTPE.,
[10] This long-time member of the Kitchen Cabinet controlled the Argus, Globe, and numerous other pro-Jackson newspapers. He later served as Postmaster General under Jackson and Van Buren.
Answer: Amos Kendall
[10] Amos Kendall's Globe competed with this most prominent pro-Whig newspaper, founded by Samuel Smith and Joseph Gales. After the demise of the Whig party, it supported the Constitutional Union Party.
Answer: National Intelligencer [prompt on "Intelligencer"]
[10] In the 1840's, the only place you could find good things being said about John Tyler was this newspaper that his administration controlled. It was named for Tyler's favorite President.
Answer: The Madisonian
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following things from the run-up to World War One FTPE.,
[10] Beginning in the late 19th century, the Germans developed this secret plan to invade France via Belgium. Unfortunately, it was stopped at the Battle of the Marne.
Answer: Schlieffen Plan
[10] This German admiral was obsessed with battleships and convinced Kaiser Wilhelm to build a lot of them, sparking a massive arms race with Britain.
Answer: Alfred von Tirpitz
[10] In the 1870's, this Austrian foreign minister figured that since Italian unification made meddling in Italy difficult, Austria should instead meddle in the Balkans. Many Eastern European historians cite him as the direct cause of World War One.
Answer: Count Gyula Andrassy [accept: Julius Andrassy]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Do you regret not inviting Manny Antunes to play on your team? No? Well, you do now - answer the following about 20th century Portugal FTPE.,
[10] Until 1910, Portugal was ruled by this royal dynasty.
Answer: Braganza
[10] In 1910 this man led the military coup that created the Portuguese First Republic. In 1926 he led the military coup that ended the Portuguese First Republic. His most lasting accomplishment was appointing Antonio Salazar as Minister of Finance.
Answer: Jose Mendes Cabecadas
[10] Salazar's Estado Novo was finally brought to an end by this 1974 revolution that led to Portugal's Second Republic, still in existence today.
Answer: Carnation Revolution
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One satrap of this province named Bessus killed the last Persian emperor, Darius III. FTPE,,
[10] Name this ancient province, now part of modern-day Afghanistan, also home to Zoroaster.
Answer: Bactria
[10] One famous Bactrian was this wife of Alexander the Great; their first date was the super-romantic Battle of Sogdian Rock.
Answer: Roxana
[10] One possibly mythical king of Bactria was this man described in the Gathas, the first ruler to convert to Zorastrianism. His name translates as "he who knows horses".
Answer: Vishtaspa [accept: Hystaspes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He launched the unsuccessful Livonian War and called the first-ever Zemsky Sobor. FTPE,,
[10] Identify this 16th century Tsar of Russia.
Answer: Ivan IV [accept: Ivan the Terrible; Ivan Grozny]
[10] Ivan the Terrible gained his nickname in part by organizing this secret police force, which was charged with fighting the enemies of the Tsar in the lands directly controlled by him.
Answer: Oprichniki [accept: Oprichniks; do not accept Oprichnina]
[10] One time, Ivan the Terrible beat his pregnant daughter-in-law until she miscarried, and then when his elder son Ivan protested he beat him until he died. This caused some troubling times for Russia because it led to the accession of this mentally retarded younger son to the Russian throne, who would die childless.
Answer: Feodor I [accept: Feodor the Bellringer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the Peterloo Massacre FTPE.,
[10] The crowd at Peterloo was gathered to hear this radical orator speak.
Answer: Henry Hunt
[10] Prior to Waterloo, Henry Hunt had been involved in this set of 1816 riots in London. Other people implicated in this event went on to launch the Cato Street Conspiracy.
Answer: Spa Fields Riots
[10] In the aftermath of Peterloo, Lord Liverpool's ministry passed this set of laws seeking to repress radical groups.
Answer: The Six Acts
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
You may know something about the Stonewall Riots, but do you know these other momentous events in GLBT history? Name these other historically queer events FTPE.,
[10] This landmark 2003 case by the Massachusetts Supreme Court struck down the denial of civil marriage to same-sex couples, allowing Massachusetts to be the first state in the union to grant same-sex marriages.
Answer: Goodridge v. Department of Public Health
[10] The Log Cabin Republicans were formed when gay Republicans joined together to oppose 1978 initiative to bar gays and lesbians from being teachers that was heavily defeated.
Answer: Briggs Initiative or Prop 6
[10] Several years before Stonewall, this transgender led riot against police raids happened on an August night in San Francisco.
Answer: Compton's Cafeteria Riot
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the War of the Triple Alliance FTPE.,
[10] Paraguay was run into the ground during the war by this dictator, who many blame for starting the whole thing.
Answer: Francisco Solano Lopez
[10] This man was President of Argentina during the war, and was lured into joining on the side of Brazil with promises of land.
Answer: Bartolome Mitre
[10] The war began after Paraguay tried to restore this man to power in Uruguay. He was the leader of the Blancos but had been deposed by Brazil for not paying debts.
Answer: Atanasio Aguirre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This period is famous for its beautiful Jade artwork, and its rulers include Wu Ding. FTPE.,
[10] Name this dynasty that ruled China from 1600 to 1100 BC.
Answer: Shang Dynasty [accept: Yin Dynasty]
[10] The Shang dynasty succeeded this semi-mythical dynasty, said to be founded by Lord Yu.
Answer: Xia Dynasty
[10] You can read about the Shang, Xia, and other early Chinese dynasties in this work of Sima Qian, an important source for early Chinese history.
Answer: Records of the Grand Historian [accept: Shiji]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Members of this tribe killed John Stone and John Oldham. FTPE,,
[10] Name this Native American tribe from New England, who fought a namesake war against British settlers in the 1630's.
Answer: Pequot
[10] The turning point of the Pequot War was this event where Europeans slaughtered 700 Pequots. It is named for a town in Connecticut.
Answer: Mystic Massacre
[10] The Pequot war was ended by this 1638 treaty, also in Connecticut, that divided Pequot lands between Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Narragansett.
Answer: Treaty of Hartford
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about resistance to Communism FTPE.,
[10] The Polish Solidarity movement was first organized in this northern port city.
Answer: Gdansk [accept: Danzig]
[10] In 1969, this Czech student set himself on fire to protest the crushing of the Prague Spring.
Answer: Jan Palach
[10] In 1989, the Ceausescu regime put this Transylvanian protestant minister under house arrest, sparking a massive protest that led to the downfall of Romanian communism.
Answer: Laszlo Tokes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about Oda Nobunaga FTPE.,
[10] Oda first came to prominence in this 1560 battle, where he destroyed a much larger army from the rival Matsudaira clan.
Answer: Battle of Okehazama
[10] Oda Nobunaga built this castle in Omi Province. It is so innovative in design that the study of Japanese castles is divided into two periods before and after its construction.
Answer: Azuchi Castle
[10] Oda was forced to commit suicide by this traitorous general of his in 1582.
Answer: Akechi Mitsuhide
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Roman historians FTPE.,
[10] Widely considered to by Rome's first historian, this man was a veteran of the Second Punic War who wrote a history of Rome in Greek in which his own illustrious gens receives a great deal of attention. He is a major source for the construction of the Cloaca Maxima.
Answer: Quintus Fabius Pictor
[10] The first history of Rome in Latin was the Annales of this Roman, an epic poem going back to the flight from troy which also only survives in fragments.
Answer: Quintus Ennius
[10] The first narrative prose history of Rome was written by this man, better known as a general during the Spanish Wars and for his opinion that Carthage ought to be destroyed.
Answer: Marcus Porcius Cato the Elder [accept Cato the Censor or Cato Priscus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about an ancient civilization that was probably better at plumbing than you are, FTPE.,
[10] That would be this ancient civilization of the Indus River Valley, named for their major city.
Answer: Harappan Civilization
[10] This is the second most famous Harappan site, famous for an enormous citadel that may have been used to store grain.
Answer: Mohenjo-Daro
[10] This great seaport of the Harappan culture may have been used to trade with Sumeria.
Answer: Lothal
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these things about women regents FTPE.,
[10] This woman served as regent of France from 1226 to 1234, when her son Louis IX came of age.
Answer: Blanche of Castile [prompt on "Blanche"]
[10] This female boyar served as regent of Russia from 1682-1689 before being overthrown by her ward, Peter the Great.
Answer: Sophia Alekseyvevna
[10] This wife of Henry III was the de-facto ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1056 to 1062, when she gave up power to her son Henry IV.
Answer: Agnes of Aquitaine [accept: Agnes of Poitou]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following African dictators FTPE.,
[10] This man came to power in a 1993 coup and ruled until 1998 and established a reputation using force to repress his enemies while embezzling millions in government money.
Answer: Sani Abacha
[10] This warlord ruled Nigeria from 1997 to 2003, before international pressure forced him to yield power to his Vice-President, Moses Blah.
Answer: Charles Taylor
[10] This man set a record for African dictators by ruling the Togo for thirty-eight years until his 2005 death. His son Faure now rules it.
Answer: Eyadema Gnassingbe

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