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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 July Crisis Tossups by Round 4
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
John Griggs was a Governor of this state who resigned to become McKinley's Attorney General, and during the Civil War this state was governed by War Democrat Joel Parker. William Pennington was the last Speaker of the House from this state, and was Governor during the "Broad Seal War" over whether the Democrats or the Whigs had won the 1838 Congressional election in this state. Vice-Presidential candidates from this state include William L. Dayton, who ran under John C. Fremont. This home state of George McClellan, the site of the Weehawken Duel, was also home to the last running mate of Henry Clay and a model industrial city established by the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufacturers and named for the man who introduced this state's plan at the Constitutional Convention, Paterson. For ten points, name this state frequently represented in Congress by Frelinghuysens, home to Rutgers University and also known as the Garden State.
Answer: New Jersey
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Battle of Sainte-Foy was an attempt to reverse the outcome of this battle, and the losing side in this battle featured a small force led by the mulatto Charles de Langlade. Charles Saunders led a diversionary attack after ferrying troops to this battle, which required slipping past Cap Diamant and Cap Rogue, which were defended by the forces of Bougainville. The victors had earlier launched an unsuccessful assault on Mountmorency. This battle began when Robert Monckton, the victor's second-in-command, led an amphibious assault that scaled a cliff from the banks of the St. Lawrence River. The losing army was commanded by the Marquis of Montcalm, who died of wounds the next day. For ten points, name this final battle of James Wolfe that led to the 1759 British conquest of Quebec.
Answer: Battle of the Plains of Abraham [accept "Battle of Quebec" until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Prior to this battle, the losing commander ignored the advice of his advisor Cassius Longinus and made a river crossing at Zeugma. An important moment in this battle was the arrival of a camel caravan carrying arrows, which allowed the victors, led by Surena, to maintain their namesake strategy of feigning retreat on horseback only to turn around and fire arrows. A cavalry clash early in this battle led to the death of Publius, the losing commander's son, while the losing infantry was arranged in hollow square formation to defend against the enemy cataphracts, who nonetheless successfully charged and captured several standards, resulting in a drink of delicious molten gold for the losing commander. For ten points, name this 53 BC Parthian military victory that led to the death of 20,000 Romans and their leader, Crassus.
Answer: Battle of Carrhae
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Members of this profession included a mayor of Damascus named Ibn al-Qalanisi, as well as `Imad al-Din and Usama ibn Munqidh, who also led diplomatic delegations to Fulk of Jerusalem. Al-Waqidi was one of these who wrote the Futuh al-Sham, and Abu al-Fida produced a "concise" book of the kind that these people write. Ibn al-Athir was one of the first Muslim ones not to use asnad. The first important Muslim one was the Persian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, who took on this role out of religious devotion. Texts written by this kind of person include the Muqaddimah, the first part of the seven-volume Kitab al-Ibar, and a noted non-Arab in this profession was Geoffrey of Villehardouin. For ten points, identify this profession whose members include Ibn Khaldun and Herodotus.
Answer: historians [accept: history; accept chroniclers; accept mu'arikhun]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's regime was condemned by UN Resolution 3485, and one protest against his rule involved the Petition of Fifty. One scandal during his rule was the mismanagement of Pertamina, the state-owned petroleum company. Before coming to power, he had put down an attempted coup by the Thirtieth September Movement, and his regime committed the Santa Cruz massacre. The Supersemar Decree gave him emergency powers, allowing him to create a government dominated by his Golkar Party, known as the "New Order". After FRETELIN came to power, he ordered General Murtopo to launch Operation Lotus, an invasion of a Portuguese ex-colony. For ten points, name this man who invaded East Timor, a pro-American Indonesian dictator who replaced Sukarno.
Answer: Suharto
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's poetry is collected in the anthology Shiba Jia Shichao, or "Anthology of Eighteen Poems". As the governor-general of Liangjiang, this man helped Yale graduate Jung Hung establish the Jiangnan Arsenal in Shanghai. As an elder statesman, he negotiated reparations for the Tianjin Massacre with France. This man's student Li Hongzhang took over this man's Xiang Army, and in his most famous task he led an army down the Upper Yangzte river and worked with armies led by Zuo Zongtang, Frederick Townsend Ward, and Charles Gordon to defeat a man who claimed to be Jesus's younger brother. For ten points, name this 19th century Chinese general who put down the Taiping rebellion.
Answer: General Zeng Guofan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler planned Operation Soberania during the so-called "Beagle Conflict", but that invasion was never carried out due to the diplomatic intervention of Antonio Samore. His regime featured constant disagreement between his two economic advisors: the neoliberal Jose de Hoz and the corporatist Ramon Diaz. He patronized the "Triple A", a death squad that targeted communists, and he called his government the "National Reorganization Process". Early in his reign, he faced resistance from the "Montoneros" but quickly eradicated their leaders, frequently by throwing them out of helicopters into the Atlantic Ocean. His regime participated in Operation Condor, like his contemporaries Alfredo Stroessner and Augusto Pinochet. For ten points, name this man who overthrew Isabela Peron, dictator of Argentina from 1976 to 1981 and responsible for much of the "dirty war."
Answer: Jorge Rafael Videla
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Canada, Emily Schofield and Elizabeth MacKenzie lobbied to promote these, but cabinet minister J.G. Gardiner attacked them for being wasteful. In Great Britain, they were encouraged by Lord Rhonnda. Charles Lathrop Pack was in charge of the commission that encouraged these in the United States, and wrote an early history of them, claiming that the first was created at Fort Dix, New Jersey in 1918. John Malcolm Brinnin wrote a poem praising these as "acres of internationalism." Only two of these remain in the United States; one of them is operated by the Dowling Community in Minneapolis and the other is near Fenway Park in Boston. They were encouraged in a series of posters including "Can the Kaiser" and by Herbert Hoover's Food Administration. For ten points, name this place you might find Victory Cabbage, used to expand the domestic food supply in WWI and WW2.
Answer: Liberty Gardens [accept: Victory Garden; prompt on "garden"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This Prime Minister passed the Cardwell Act, restricting flogging in the Navy, and the Forster Act, reforming childhood education, and he became involved in a pamphlet war when he urged British Catholics to reject the doctrine of Papal Infallibility. His Chancellors of the Exchequer include Robert Lowe, and treaties this man signed include the Treaty of Washington with the United States and the so-called "Kilmainham Treaty" with the Irish. Apart from disestablishing the Church of Ireland, this man wrote the pamphlet Bulgarian Horrors as part of his Midlothian Campaign against an opponent he accused of heartless foreign policy, resulting in his 1879 victory, after which he championed Irish Home Rule. For ten points, name this Liberal Victorian Prime Minister, the arch-nemesis of Benjamin Disraeli.
Answer: William Ewart Gladstone
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This city was sacked by Oshio Heihachiro's peasant rebellion in 1837. The Pure Land Buddhist Ikko-ikki warrior monks chose this city as the site of their Ishiyama Hogan-ji fortress temple, which was destroyed after an eleven-year siege by Oda Nobunaga. This city is home to the Daisen-Kofun, built by the Nintoku Emperor as the largest tomb in Japan, and is the site of Shitennoji, Japan's first Buddhist temple. The Battle of Tennoji occurred on the outskirts of this city and preceded the success of a siege led by Shogun Hidetada. For ten points, name this city home to the last stand of Hideyori and a revolutionary castle built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, now the third largest city in Japan behind Tokyo and Yokohama.
Answer: Osaka
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The legendary musician and merchant Sadko is said to be from this city. When this city was a republic, it was ruled by an official called the Posadnik, and other officials included the thousandman, a popularly elected leader of its militia. In the late 11th century, this city was ruled by the eldest son of Gytha of Wessex, daughter of Harold Godwinson. Earlier, it had sheltered a number of Norwegian kings, including Olaf I and Harald Hardrade.Also known as Holmgard, King Oleg of this place conquered its southern neighbor, and after a famine it was annexed in 1478 by a ruler known as the "gatherer of lands", Ivan III. For ten points, name this second city of the Kievan Rus state, which shares its name with a more recent city formerly called Gorky.
Answer: Novgorod
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1998, George Erdosy claimed that the number of participants in this event was much smaller than previously believed, a claim also made by Kashyap and the Cavalli-Sforza study, and a revisionist account of this event was supported by Mortimer Wheeler. Its perpetrators have been associated with the Andronovo culture, and evidence for it includes the isolation of the Brahui language. Kochhar claims this event occurred in three waves. Its perpetrators adopted consonant retroflexion from an indigenous substratum, carried the R1a haplogroup, practiced horse sacrifice, brought chariots and soma with them, and worshipped Indra. For ten points, name this prehistoric event where Indo-European speakers moved into India.
Answer: Aryan Invasion [accept: Aryan Migration; Indo-Aryan Invasion; Indo-Aryan Migration; Indo-European Migration or Indo-European Invasion until mentioned; reasonable equivalents about Indo-European speakers moving into India until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A rebellion in this land resulted in the Battle of Avarayr, where Saint Vartan was defeated, and earlier it had been ruled by the successive Artaxiad and Arsacid dynasties. An ancient predecessor to this nation featured rulers such as Arame, Ishpuinis, and Sarduri. Refugees from this country established a kingdom in Cillicia that was ruled by several counts named Baldwin during the First Crusade. St. Gregory the Illuminator established the Christian Church in this land, which was partitioned by the Treaty of Kars. Formerly known as Urartu before being conquered by Tiglath-Pileser III, this nation allied against Rome under the rule of Tigranes the Great. Much later, these people were forced to sign the Treaty of Alexandropol and had bad things done to them by Enver Pasha. For ten points, name this Caucasian nation with a namesake genocide.
Answer: Armenia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Rombout Hoogerbeets was arrested for spreading this man's ideas, which were also supported by Simon Epicopius. This man's opponents included Johan Bogerman, and shortly before this man died, he had scheduled a debate with arch-rival Franciscus Gomarus. Another one of his followers wrote "On the Truth of the Christian Religion". This man's beliefs, which broke with the teaching of Theodore Beza, led to the Sharp Resolution and the execution of his political ally Johan van Oldenbarnevelt after the Quinquarticular Controversy was addressed by the Synod of Dordrecht, which declared this man a heretic and ordered the arrest of his most famous follower, the author of "The Free Seas" and "On the Law of War and Peace", Hugo Grotius. Today, his belief that predestination is based on free will is accepted by Methodists. For ten points, name this 17th century Dutch theologian who broke with orthodox Calvinism.
Answer: Jacobus Arminius [accept: James Arminius; Jacob Hermanszoon; Jacob Hermann]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1958, a British ship named the Cape Palliser caused an international incident when she hoisted the Soviet flag while smuggling this resource. When the Hanseatic League attempted to monopolize the trade of this commodity in the 1480s, John Jay and Thomas Croft of Bristol outfitted two ships to search for the mythical island of Hy-Brasil, where it was said to be very common. One dispute over this resource led to a confrontation between the HMS Russell and patrol boat Aegir off Vestfjord. In 1883, Thomas Huxley announced that supplies of this good were inexhaustible. Mark Kurlansky wrote a 2001 "tale" of this good and a 1997 "biography" of this good claiming that it "Changed the World". This good was commonly mixed with salt to ensure it survived transport by ship, and a giant one of these hangs on Beacon Hill over the State Legislature of Massachusetts. For ten points, name this North Atlantic fish closely related to the Haddock.
Answer: Cod [accept: Gadus, but do not accept Gadus with a species name. The question never differentiates between North Atlantic Cod and Greenland Cod; prompt on "fish"; prompt on "Scrod", a term also used for Haddock and even Whiting]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
When Lorenzo de Villavicencio advised this man to be non-violent, he replied "dead men make no war". This man once levied the tax of the hundreth, twentieth, and tenth penny, and in one city he conquered, he erected a statue of himself trampling figures representing the nobility and the people. After he won a siege against the Electress Sybille, he presided over the court-martial that resulted in the Capitulation of Wittenberg, and as a diplomat he helped negotiate the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis. After being forced to retire because of his degenerate son Don Fadrique, he came back to win the Battle of Alcantara, and his first major battle was at Muhlberg. The Counts of Egmond and Hoorne were victims of another tribunal this man convoked known as the "Council of Blood", which helped spark the Eighty Years' War. For ten points, name this general to Charles V and repressive Governor of the Netherlands for Phillip II, known as the "Iron Duke".
Answer: Duke of Alba [accept: Duke of Alva; Don Fernando Alvarez de Toledo]
 
2008 July Crisis Bonuses by Round 4
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Mughal Emperors FTPE.,
[10] This Mughal, also known as Prince Khurram, built the Taj Mahal and the Peacock Throne.
Answer: Shah Jahan
[10] Shah Jahan was the son of this Emperor, who was the son of Akbar the Great. His name means "ruler of the world"
Answer: Jahangir
[10] Two of the least effective Mughal Emperors bore this name; one was the idiot son of Aurengzeb, the other was the last Mughal Emperor, who was deposed and exiled by the British.
Answer: Bahadur Shah
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following 20th century German rulers, FTPE:,
[10] After being jailed by the Nazis, this man founded the Christian Democratic Union and served as West Germany's first chancellor in the 1950's.
Answer: Konrad Adenauer
[10] Inexplicably lending his name to a type of sausage sold in Poland, this man ruled East Germany from 1950 to 1971. His accomplishments include building the Berlin Wall.
Answer: Walter Ulbricht
[10] This Weimar-era chancellor won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926 for negotiating the Locarno treaties while serving as foreign minister.
Answer: Gustav Stresemann
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about an early American political faction FTPE.,
[10] This term is given to Democratic-Republicans who broke with the Jefferson administration, so named because they represented a third element in Congress.
Answer: Tertium Quids
[10] One major Quid was this Virginia Congressman who thought Jefferson was insufficiently Jeffersonian. He became obsessed with government corruption in the Yazoo Land Scandal.
Answer: John Randolph [prompt on "Randolph"]
[10] In New York, the Quids supported this man for Governor against DeWitt Clinton. He was eventually defeated by future Vice-President Daniel Tompkins.
Answer: Morgan Lewis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about Mongol invasions of China FTPE.,
[10] Ghenghis Khan entrusted early raids into China to this ham-loving Mongol general. In his old age, he would lead the Mongol invasion of Eastern Europe.
Answer: Subotai
[10] The Mongols killed the last Song emperor at this massive 1279 naval battle, a victory for the Mongol admiral Zhang Hongfan.
Answer: Battle of Yamen
[10] Before Kublai Khan could complete the conquest of China, he had to defeat this younger brother of his, who tried to declare himself Great Khan while Kublai was out of town.
Answer: Ariq Boke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It resulted in Ahmad I gaining control of the salt mines of Taghaza. FTPE,,
[10] Name this 1591 battle, a victory for Morocco that resulted in the destruction and conquest of the Songhai Empire.
Answer: Battle of Tondibi
[10] This Spanish-born eunuch who converted to Islam led the victorious Moroccan army at Tondibi.
Answer: Judar Pasha [accept: Jawdar Pasha]
[10] After a six-year struggle to come to power, this last ruler of the Songhai Empire reigned for just three years before losing his kingdom at Tondibi.
Answer: Askia Ishaq II
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following relating to the War of the League of Augsburg.,
[10] The War of the League of Augsburg ended with this 1697 treaty.
Answer: Treaty of Ryswick
[10] The war began when the allies accused France of violating this 1678 treaty, which had ended Louis XIV's war against the Dutch.
Answer: Treaty of Nijmegen [accept: Treaty of Nymwegen]
[10] One of the shining stars of the war was this French engineer, the minister of fortifications for Louis XIV.
Answer: Sebastien Le Prestre, Marquis de Vauban
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the Six-Day War FTPE.,
[10] Just before the war began, this eyepatch-wearing general became Israel's Defense Minister.
Answer: Moshe Dayan
[10] After the occupation of the Golan Heights, this colorful line became the new border between Israel and Syria. It was the scene of fighting in the subsequent Yom Kippur war.
Answer: Purple Line
[10] During the war, Israeli forces attacked and seriously damaged this US Navy vessel that was gathering intelligence off the coast of the Sinai peninsula. Former Secretary of State Dean Rusk and a ton of internet conspiracy theory websites believe it was intentional, while Israel and the US maintain it was a case of mistaken identity.
Answer: USS Liberty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about women and property rights FTPE.,
[10] Under English common law, a married woman had no right to hold property because, under this doctrine, she was not an independent legal person.
Answer: coverture
[10] The US Supreme Court upheld coverture in this 1873 Supreme Court case, which has never actually been overturned.
Answer: Bradwell v. Illinois [accept either order]
[10] Under this common law doctrine, a husband can take life-long possession of his wife's separately-held property after her death, assuming they had at least one child that was born alive.
Answer: curtesy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Congratulations, you've been accepted to Conquistador School! Answer the following about stuff you will be learning FTPE.,
[10] A rite of passage for every Conquistador-in-training is memorizing this text, which is ceremoniously read whenever land is claimed for Spain. Its purpose is to inform the natives that they are now subjects of the King of Spain. Unfortunately, the natives probably don't speak Spanish…yet.
Answer: El Requerimiento
[10] You'll probably learn about the new Law of Burgos issued in 1512, which created the encomienda system that replaced this earlier labor system. Under it, conquistadors merely rented, rather than owned, local Indians.
Answer: Repartimiento
[10] Some of your older professors might have served under this man, who was the first Governor of Cuba and used that post to send Hernando Cortes to Mexico, though Cortes later rebelled against him.
Answer: Diego Velazquez
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following 20th century Supreme Court Justices FTPE.,
[10] This Portuguese Jew had a very brief tenure on the Supreme Court as Brandeis's replacement, where he voted to uphold New Deal programs, but is more famous as a New York State judge, where he invented the doctrine of promissory estoppel.
Answer: Benjamin Cardozo
[10] This man served as Chief Justice from 1946 to 1953, being appointed by Truman to replace Harlan Fiske Stone.
Answer: Frederick Moore Vinson
[10] LBJ appointed this man to the court in 1965. When he appointed him to be Chief Justice in 1969, it was revealed that this judge had continued to work as a political advisor to LBJ, forcing him to resign and letting Richard Nixon fill the vacancy instead.
Answer: Abraham "Abe" Fortas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following periods of early Japanese history FTPE.,
[10] This short-lived 710 to 794 period that preceded the Heian Era is best known for its embrace of Buddhism. Its named for a city with a prominent Buddhist temple.
Answer: Nara Period
[10] Nara came after this 250-710 period, which saw the first real Japanese imperial state emerge.
Answer: Yamato Period
[10] This term is used by archaeologists to refer to the Neolithic civilization in Japan. Its name comes from a distinctive way of making the jars and pottery that identify this period.
Answer: Jomon Period [accept: Jomon Culture]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following battles from the War of 1812.,
[10] American efforts to liberate Canada were stymied at this July 1814 battle near Niagara Falls, despite the best efforts of a young Winfield Scott.
Answer: Battle of Lundy's Lane
[10] The British were able to capture and burn Washington DC after winning this August 1814 battle in Maryland.
Answer: Battle of Bladensburg
[10] After being humiliated at the Battle of New Orleans, the retreating British army was actually able to capture Mobile, Alabama by winning this 1815 battle. Two days later, they heard about the Treaty of Ghent and had to give it back.
Answer: Battle of Fort Bowyer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about pre-Norman kingdoms in England FTPE.,
[10] This Kingdom included the areas now called the Midlands. It was located south of Northumbria and west of East Anglia.
Answer: Mercia
[10] The greatest King of Mercia was this man who ruled from 757 to 796. He styled himself "King of England" but was unsuccessful in actually unifying the country.
Answer: Offa
[10] Mercia was also bordered by this kingdom, whose rulers include Alfred the Great.
Answer: Wessex
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a guy who might be currently employed writing science TUs for Avery Enterprises FTPE.,
[10] This proletarian-turned-scientist applied Marxist-Leninist principles of dialectical materialism to evolutionary biology and determined that acquired traits are inheritable, impressing Stalin.
Answer: Trofim Lysenko
[10] At the height of his power, Lysenko convinced Stalin to kill this other Soviet biologist, who was a Mendellian famous for his work on the biological history of grains.
Answer: Nikolai Vavilov
[10] Lysenko got many of his ideas from this earlier Marxist-Leninist botanist, who sold the same Lamarckian theories to Lenin in the 1920's and was put in charge of a state fruit garden.
Answer: Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following rulers of Romania FTPE.,
[10] This man defeated Poland at the Battle of the Cosmin Forest, defeated Hungary at the Battle of Baia, and defeated the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui, becoming the greatest Prince of Moldavia ever.
Answer: Stefan III of Moldavia [accept: Stefan the Great]
[10] The Principality of Wallachia has had many colorful rulers, including this younger brother of Vlad Dracula, who allegedly had a homosexual affair with Sultan Mehmet II.
Answer: Radu the Handsome [accept: Radu cer Frumos]
[10] This man ruled the ancient Dacians until his country was conquered by Trajan.
Answer: Decebal [accept: Decebalus, Diurpaneus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about historically significant units of weight and currency FTPE.,
[10] Weighing about as much as a spit made of copper, when used as a unit of currency this term identified a coin worth eight chalkoi or "coppers". This coin is famous in Greek and Roman literature because it was customary to place one in the mouth of dead bodies to pay to Charon.
Answer: obolos
[10] Six obloi made up a drachma; in turn, 100 drachmae made up this unit, which was borrowed from the Phoenicians and was widely used in ancient Mesopotamia.
Answer: mina
[10] 60 mina in turn made up this unity, equal to the amount of money the crew of a trireme was paid in a single month. Tribute in gold and silver was often measured in this unit.
Answer: talent

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