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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 July Crisis Tossups by Round 2
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This event is the titular subject of a 1958 book by Steven Runciman, and the nationalist historian Michele Amari rejected the idea that it was caused by foreign intervention. Leonardo Bruni claimed it started in response to a mass fondling, and its first victim was Sergeant Drouet. It led to the Battle of Col de Panissars, and treaties resulting from this event include the Peace of Caltabellotta, which brought Frederick III to power, and the Treaty of Anagni. Michael VIII may have encouraged Peter III to invade after this event outside the Church of the Holy Spirit. For ten points, name this uprising against Charles of Anjou, a massacre of French soldiers named for the Italian island where it happened and the church service it interrupted.
Answer: Sicilian Vespers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An initial attack on this city's outer defenses by "Baldy" Smith succeeded in capturing the first line of entrenchments, but P.G.T. Beauregard called up the clerks and home guards to defend this city, which also saw engagements at Peeble's Farm and Deep Bottom. Gordon's assault on Fort Stedman failed to open up the Weldon Railroad leading into this city, whose fate was sealed by Pickett's defeat at Five Forks. Earlier failures to capture it included an attempt by some Pennsylvania miners to destroy Elliot's Salient, which resulted in the deaths of several thousand black troops and Ambrose Burnside being relieved. FTP, identify this city on the Appomattox River which saw the Battle of the Crater fiasco and served as a junction for the five railroads supplying Richmond during the U.S. Civil War.
Answer: The Siege/Battle/City of Petersburg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler befriended the Indian sage Calanus and helped him build a funeral pyre; later this ruler sent the diplomat Dionysios to the court of Bindusara Maurya. This man had an Asian wife named Artacama and a mistress named Thais. This ruler made Ophellas viceroy of his western-most province, where Magas would lead a rebellion against the polity this ruler founded. This ruler also appointed his brother Menelaus as an admiral and sent him to capture Cyprus. This ruler founded a state cult based on a combination of a bull god and a god of resurrection. After stopping Demetrius the Taker of Cities from taking Rhodes, this patron of the Cult of Serapis was given the title of "Savior" or "Soter" and the Colossus was built in his honor. For ten points, name this founder of the Lagid Dynasty, a general of Alexander the Great who ruled Egypt.
Answer: Ptolmey I Soter [accept: Ptolemaios I Soter; accept Ptolmey Soter or Ptolmey the Savior on early buzz]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Northcote-Trevelyan Report was influenced by observations of these people, and Edward Kracke co-authored a study with an erroneously high estimate of how many of these people were closely related. Quotas for these people were first set in 997; later, another quota ensured that no more than 60% of them were from the more prosperous south. Wang Anshi was an early opponent of the way that these people were selected. Sui Yangdi rewarded these people with the title of jinshi, and these people frequently did not cut their fingernails to show that they did not have to work. Becoming this kind of person required mastery of the eight-legged essay. FTP, identify these people who had memorized the Four Books and the Five Classics en route to becoming civil servants in imperial China.
Answer: ANSWER: people who passed the Imperial Examinations [accept reasonable equivalents; accept jinshi before it is mentioned; accept Chinese civil servant before it is mentioned; accept Mandarin]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's regime trained the SPUP forces that brought France-Albert Rene to power in the Seychelles in a 1976 coup. This man merged his political party with the Afro-Shiraz Party and his military forces won the Battle of Lukuya. He first came to prominence as a member of the Colonial Legislature under Governor Sir Richard Turnbull as a leader of the TAA, which he transformed into the TANU party. Famous for the Arusha Declaration, this man was succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi, who instituted free market policies after the Ujamaa, this man's collective agriculture policy, resulted in widespread famine, but he was able to annex a large island off his coast, Zanzibar. For ten points, name this first President of Tanzania.
Answer: Julius Nyerere
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Poland, this right was granted to one group by the Statute of Kalisz, and later extended to all persons by the 1573 Warsaw Confederation. In 1568, under the influence of his ministers Giorgio Biandrata and Ferenc David, Prince John II Zapolya of Transylvania granted this right to his people via the Edict of Turda. One ruler issued an edict proclaiming this that was written on thirty-three pillars scattered through his empire. The Edict of Fontainebleau revoked one document granting this, resulting in an offer of this by the Edict of Potsdam. For ten points, name this freedom found in the First Amendment and the Edict of Nantes.
Answer: Freedom of Worship [accept: freedom of religion, religious toleration, other equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Laws passed during this man's reign included the Statute of Uses, which unintentionally led to modern trust law. He began his reign by executing Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley, two of his father's ministers, for treason. Forces serving this monarch were defeated at the Battle of Flodden Field against the Scots, but he won in France at the Battle of the Spurs. Rebellions against this man included one led by Sir Francis Bigod in Yorkshire and one led by Robert Aske in Lincolnshire. Of course, he would have never been king if not for the death of his older brother Arthur. For ten points, name this target of the Pilgrimage of Grace, a Tudor King of England famous for his many wives.
Answer: Henry VIII
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Armenian merchant Khojah Nicholas negotiated a political agreement after this battle. The winners of this battle had refused to pay taxes to the losers, citing their dastak permits, and had shielded supporters of Ghaseti Behgum, an enemy of the losing commander. The victors, who were being paid by the corrupt banker Jagat Sheth, were forced to fight the Battles of Chinsura and Buxar in the aftermath of this battle. Mir Madan led a bold attack early in this battle, but fell to artillery fire, scattering his troops. The victors enjoyed the naval support of Admiral Charles Watson and the decisive leadership of Major Eyre Coot, and it resulted in the Treaty of Alinagar and the accession of Mir Jafar, who defected to the winners during this battle. For ten points, name this defeat of Nawab Siraj, the perpetrator of the Black Hole of Calcutta, a 1757 victory for Robert Clive that established British rule of India.
Answer: Battle of Palashi [accept: Battle of Plassey; Battle of Pelasi]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
(Warning: two answers required!) Johns Hopkins professor Michael J. Green has called the continuing alliance between these two nations an example of "reluctant realism". One treaty between these two countries is known as the Anpu, and the Kanrin Mission was an early diplomatic exchange between these nations, who signed their first mutual defense treaty in 1951. An opposition socialist party barricaded Parliament and had to be removed from the floor by police when they attempted to block a 1960 Security Treaty between these countries. One treaty between these countries was negotiated by Townsend Harris, and another was signed on board the Powhatan. For ten points, name these countries whose other treaties include Kanagawa and one creating a military base at Okinawa.
Answer: The United States and Japan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Monsignor Meglia, the papal nuncio to this ruler, lobbied him to enact a six-point plan to restore church lands but was rejected. Prior to coming to power with the help of General Forey, this man served as Governor of Lombardy-Venetia, but was removed for being too liberal. He was defeated at the Battle of Queretaro after which he was taken to the Hill of Bells along with his generals Meji and Miramon. Having no children, this ruler adopted the grandsons of the last person to hold the position he is most famous for, Augustin Iturbide. For ten points, name this ruler executed in 1867 after briefly being the Habsburg Emperor of Mexico.
Answer: Maximilian I [accept: Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One person of this name was released from captivity by the Treaty of Sistowa and was a diplomat who negotiated the Ottoman side of the Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji and was rewarded by being made Prince of Wallachia. ūThat man's grandson, who also had this name, allied against Scarlat Callimachi with Tudor Vladimirescu's Pandur Militia; however, that attempt to coordinate with the Wallachian Uprising collapsed, leading to this man's defeat at the Battle of Dragasani after he had symbolically crossed the Pruth River. ūThat man was also betrayed by his countryman John Capodistria. This man was the leader of a secret group called the Filiki Eteria, or Society of Friends, and called his military the Sacred Band. Exiled after the Russians refused to come to his aid, for ten points name this leader of an 1821 revolt of Greeks, the namesake of a city in Michigan.
Answer: Alexander Ypsilanti [accept: Alexandros Ypsilantis]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This practice was the subject of the Supreme Court case Heckler v. Chaney, in which the plaintiff claimed that the federal government did not properly regulate it, but the Supreme Court ruled that the FDA's inaction was not grounds to sue. Hill v. McDonough upheld the right to challenge this practice on civil rights grounds. Christopher Newton was given a bathroom break while this action was being performed on him over the course of two hours, and in the case of James Autry, this process was stopped by court order after it had already begun. The most recent controversy over this process claims that it violates the 8th amendment because subjects might be immobilized but still feel pain. For ten points, name this method of executing involving poison and needles.
Answer: lethal injection [prompt on "execution" or equivalents until "method"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Night of the Beatings involved this group flogging some soldiers in retaliation for one of their members being flogged for robbing a bank, and this group hanged Mervyn Paice and Clifford Martin in the Sergeants Affair. The Saison, also known as the Hunting Season, was an effort to stop this group. This group's founder, a native of Odessa, was arrested for allegedly inciting the Nabi Musa riots. This group sparked a crisis by attempting to use the Altalena to ship weapons. They cooperated with a group led by Abraham Stern in the Deir Yassin incident. In 1946 one of their bombs killed 91 people after the British failed to evacuate the King David Hotel. For ten points, name this group led by Menachem Begin, a militant Zionist group active in British Palestine in the 1930's and 40's.
Answer: Irgun Tzva'i Leumi [accept: Etzel; IZL; Haganah Bet; do not accept Haganah]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After this polity lost Fort Casimir to its southern neighbor, it counter-attacked and annexed the aggressor. One city in this polity was founded by Louis DuBois, a Hugenot refugee. It was proposed as the site of a utopian community by Francis Enden. Quasi-legislative bodies in this polity included the Council of Eight Men, led by Cornelius Melyn, and the earlier Council of Twelve Men, which was convened at the beginning of Kieft's War. The northern border of this polity was the awkwardly-named Fort House of Good Hope, and control of it was transferred at the Treaty of Breda, where it was exchanged for Suriname. For ten points, name this New World settlement once ruled by Peter Stuyvesant that included modern New York and New Jersey.
Answer: New Netherland [accept: Nieuw Nederland; Novum Belgium; Nova Belgica]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to one account of this man's deeds, he was blessed by Archbishop Spiridon before one of his battles, in which he defeated an army of ethnic Tavastians, while a different account claims Spiridon was an enemy nobleman killed by this man. Pope Gregory IX ordered one attack against this man, who overthrew his brother Andrew by allying with Sartu Khan. With the help of Gavrilo Oleksich, this man defeated Birger Magnusson's Swedish Army, earning this son of Yaroslav II and Grandson of Vsevolod of the Big Nest his epiteth, but his greatest victory came against the Brotherhood of the Sword, also known as the Livonian Order, led by Hermann of Buxhoeveden. For ten points, name this medieval Russian leader who on Lake Peipus defeated invading German knights at the Battle of the Ice.
Answer: Alexander Nevsky [accept: Alexander of Novgorod; Alexander Yaroslavich]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Apart from his works, the only written evidence of this man is the will of Absalon of Lund, which gives him two and a half silver marks. One part of this man's most famous work says that Jesus was born during the reign of Frode III, another mentions the funeral of Bishop Esger, and another tells the story of the archer Palnatoki, a stubborn pagan on whom the legend of William Tell might be based. Battles described in his work include a victory for Harald Wartooth at Bravalla and the Battle of Grathe Heath, where Sweyn III was defeated, while other books describe the rise of Gorm the Old and Valdemar the Great. More famously, he was the first to write of a tragic prince named Hamlet. For ten points, name this author of the Gesta Danorum, an important medieval historian from Denmark.
Answer: Saxo Grammaticus
 
2008 July Crisis Bonuses by Round 2
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these Kings of Hungary, none of whom are Bela the Bison.,
[10] This king was the son of John Hunyadi. Unlike his father, he spent more time fighting other Christian nations than fighting the Turk.
Answer: Matthias Corvinus [accept: Matthias Hunyadi, Matyas Hunyadi]
[10] This last independent king of Hungary was killed by the Turk at the Battle of Mohacs in 1526.
Answer: Louis II [accept: Lajos II]
[10] This king ruled from 1095 to 1116. He conquered Croatia, but failed to prevent the First Crusade from pillaging Hungary. Like Jonathan Magin, he was criticized for spending more time reading than fighting.
Answer: Colomon the Possessor of Books [accept: Kalman Konyves]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some stuff from the Punic Wars FTPE.,
[10] At this 256 BC battle, Rome decisively defeated the Carthaginian navy, gaining mastery of the seas and setting up a Roman invasion of North Africa.
Answer: Battle of Cape Ecnomus
[10] This brother of Hannibal was killed at the Battle of the Metarus river, after which his head was famously catapulted into Hannibal's camp.
Answer: Hasdrubal
[10] The crushing Carthaginian victory at the Battle of Cannae was the result of misplanning from two bickering consuls in co-command of the Roman army; name either.
Answer: Lucius Aemilius Paullus OR Gaius Terentius Varro
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hiraku is a samurai in late Heian Japan. Answer the following about his everyday life FTPE.,
[10] Hiraku carries this small dagger, which he will use to commit ritual suicide if he falls into dishonor. Later, this weapon would be replaced by the wakizashi.
Answer: Tanto
[10] Prior to battle, Hiraku asks this Shinto kami of war to guide his arrows towards his enemy. Many of Hiraku's Buddhist friends also revere this figure and claim he is a Bodhisattva.
Answer: Hachiman
[10] When Hiraku's master was defeated, he avoided execution by becoming a Pure Land Buddhist monk. Now, he sits all day chanting the name of this Buddha in hopes of being reborn in the Pure Land.
Answer: Amitabha Buddha [accept: Amida Buddha]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these Islamic scholars of note FTPE.,
[10] This early doctor wrote The Canon of Medicine and did work on how to avoid infectious disease. He was also one of the first to translate Aristotle into Arabic.
Answer: Avicenna [accept: Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina]
[10] This native of Basra is famous for his Kitab al-Manazir, or Book of Optics.
Answer: Alhacen [accept: Alhazen or Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham]
[10] This cryptographer is credited with introducing Indian numerals to the Arab world.
Answer: Alkindus [accept: Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these scientists who invented historically significant weapons FTPE.,
[10] This "father of chemical warfare" invented the poison gas used by Germany in World War One.
Answer: Fritz Haber
[10] This Russian invented the Soviet hydrogen bomb, as well as the tokamak. He later became a dissident and anti-proliferation activist.
Answer: Andrei Sakharov
[10] Along with Edward Teller, this Polish mathematician invented the American hydrogen bomb. He later advocated nuclear pulse propulsion, where spaceships would travel by releasing nuclear weapons behind themselves, detonating them, and riding the shockwave.
Answer: Stanislaw Ulam
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about rulers of Pakistan FTPE.,
[10] In 1958, this man seized control of Pakistan in a military coup, ruling as dictator until 1969. His policy of oppressing Bangladesh would prove unwise.
Answer: Muhammad Ayub Khan
[10] This man served as Prime Minister three times, most recently from 1997 to 1999. He started the unsuccessful Kargil War and was overthrown by one of his generals, Pervez Musharraf.
Answer: Nawaz Sharif
[10] Many Prime Ministers of Pakistan belonged to this party, which is currently in power and whose sole purpose seems to be nominating members of the Bhutto family for high office.
Answer: Pakistan Peoples Party [accept: Peoples Party]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Invading Korea can be a bad idea. Answer some stuff about that FTPE.,
[10] When Toyotomi Hideyoshi thought annexing Korea would be easy, this admiral had a different idea - as well as the turtle ships to back it up.
Answer: Yi Sun-Sin
[10] Yi Sun-Sin used said turtle ships at this 1598 battle. Even though he was killed, he sank three-fifths of the Japanese fleet.
Answer: Battle of Noryang Point
[10] This second emperor of the Sui dynasty launched two unsuccessful invasion of Korea. They so weakened his power that the Sui dynasty soon collapsed.
Answer: Sui Yangdi [accept: Emperor Yang]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
If Seth Teitler was like most Chilean kids, he grew up listening to stories about how great Juan Williams was. Answer stuff about Juan Williams FTPE.,
[10] Juan Williams was a Chilean Admiral during the War of the Pacific, where he lost the Battle of Iquique but won a crushing victory at this battle, where he sank every single ship in the Peruvian Navy except the Huascar.
Answer: Battle of Punta Gruesa
[10] Unfortunately, the single ship Admiral Williams failed to sink went on a legendary six-month rampage against Chilean shipping, and so he was fired from his Navy job. That means he wasn't in uniform when celebrating this 1883 treaty that ended the War of the Pacific.
Answer: Treaty of Ancon
[10] Under the Treaty of Ancon, there was supposed to be a plebiscite in these two disputed provinces to determine whether they would go to Peru or Chile. For a final ten points, name either.
Answer: Tacna or Arica
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
. Answer the following about pretty much the only state the University of Chicago hasn't traveled for a quizbowl tournament, Hawaii, for 10 points each.,
[10] King Kalakaua was forced to sign this 1887 Constitution, which is commonly known by this nickname because of the weapon used by members of the Big Five and other U.S. officials.
Answer: Bayonet Constitution
[10] This man, who served as Minister of the Interior to King Kalakaua, wrote most of the Bayonet Constitution.
Answer: Lorrin A. Thurston
[10] Seven years after the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, this man, a cousin to the Pineapple King, became the first governor of the Territory of Hawaii.
Answer: Sanford B. Dole
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following related to the founding of the Han Dynasty, FTPE.,
[10] The founder of the Han dynasty, also known by his temple name of Gaozu, was this man, son of peasants from what is now Jiangsu province.
Answer: Liu Bang
[10] Liu Bang's principal rival was this noted warrior and general whose inept political skills resulted in his defeat at Gaixia in 202 BC.
Answer: Xiang Yu
[10] When the Han dynasty was briefly overthrown by Wang Mang, they were restored with the help of this uprising.
Answer: Red Eyebrows [accept: Chimei]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from the history of the Mid-Atlantic states FTPE.,
[10] This late 1790's rebellion against John Adams happened in Eastern Pennsylvania and was sparked by a property tax.
Answer: Fries Revolt
[10] While Maryland was founded as a Catholic colony, in 1689 the Protestants took over after winning this rebellion and driving out the papist governor.
Answer: Coode's Rebellion
[10] This 1777 Revolutionary War Battle in Delaware was a British victory, but saw the first use of the Stars and Stripes flag by Americans
Answer: Battle of Cooch's Bridge
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a writer and his historical context FTPE.,
[10] This man served as Lawspeaker of Iceland's Althing in 1218 and again from 1222 to 1232. But you know him better for writing prose works about mythology.
Answer: Snorri Sturluson
[10] As a politician, Snorri was a shill for this powerful King of Norway, who ruled from 1217 to 1263 and is famous for ending the Norwegian Civil War.
Answer: Haakon IV [accept: Haakon Haakonsson, Haakon the Old; prompt on Haakon]
[10] During a rebellion against Haakon IV, some of his enemies hired this unpleasant man to assassinate Snorri in 1241.
Answer: Arni the Bitter [accept: Arni Beiskur]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It's not easy being Stephen of Blois. Answer the following about his problems FTPE.,
[10] Stephen faced an uprising led by this daughter of Henry I who was married to the Holy Roman Emperor. Her invasion of England led to a period known as "the anarchy"
Answer: Matilda of Anjou [accept: Queen Maud]
[10] Stephen and Matilda finally settled their differences at this 1153 treaty, where Stephen got to be king until he died but would be succeeded by Maud's son, who would grow up to be Henry II.
Answer: Treaty of Winchester [accept: Treaty of Wallingford]
[10] Stephen could have led an uneventful life as Duke of Blois if not for this 1120 incident where Henry I's heir was killed.
Answer: Wreck of the White Ship [accept equivalent]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these members of the Fillmore Administration FTPE.,
[10] This Senator from Kentucky who wasn't Henry Clay was Fillmore's Attorney General.
Answer: John Jordan Crittenden
[10] This Senator from Massachusetts who wasn't Daniel Webster was Fillmore's second Secretary of State. Later he gave a long, boring speech right before Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
Answer: Edward Everett
[10] This former Governor of Ohio was Fillmore's Treasury Secretary. Just before the Civil War, he introduced a Constitutional amendment that would prohibit future Constitutional amendments from outlawing slavery.
Answer: Thomas Corwin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about Soviet foreign policy under Mikhail Gorbachev FTPE.,
[10] Gorbachev fired long-time Soviet foreign minister Andrei Gromyko and replaced him with this man, whom the media hailed as the most liberal man in the Politburo. Two decades later, that same media blasted him for being a repressive dictator of his native Georgia.
Answer: Eduard Shevardnadze
[10] After ten years of negotiations, Gorbachev and George H.W. Bush signed this nuclear arms reduction treaty in July 1991. Six months later, the Soviet Union collapsed and everybody felt kind of silly.
Answer: Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty [accept: START]
[10] When Gorbachev announced he would no longer use military force to protect socialism in the satellite states, there was a huge turnover in head-of-government positions in eastern Europe. Among those who lost their jobs was this young East German dictator, who held the position for just two months in 1989.
Answer: Egon Krenz
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Before there could be a reconquista, there had to be a conquista. Answer the following about the fall of Spain to the sarcen.,
[10] Traditionally, the Moslems invaded Spain at the invitation of this Christian nobleman, who was angry because King Roderic of the Visigoths had impregnated his daughter.
Answer: Julian, Count of Cueta [accept either underlined word; also accept Illyan or Ulyan]
[10] King Roderic and many members of his court were killed at this 711 battle near Cadiz, where an Ummayad army essentially destroyed the Visigoth Kingdom of Hispania.
Answer: Battle of the Guadalete River
[10] Unlike the rest of the Islamic world, Spain continued to be ruled by the Umayyads, because this one-eyed, red-headed prince fled there and established his own caliphate at Cordoba.
Answer: Abd ar-Rahman I [accept: Abd al-Rahman I, Abderraman I]

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