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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 July Crisis Tossups by Round 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Poor citizens of this city can sleep for free in the Fuggerai, named for a local merchant family. A 1634 siege of this city was the result of the Battle of Nordlingen, and a 955 siege of this city led by Lehel and Sur was broken by Otto the Great at the Battle of Lechfeld. An unsuccessful 1458 agreement between Catholics and Protestants is known as this city's "interim", and it was replaced by the Leipzig Interim. This city also lends its name to a document that restates the Torgau Articles, written by Philipp Melanchthon and known as this city's "Confession". For ten points, name this city where "Cuius Regio, Eius Religio" was proclaimed in a namesake 1555 peace.
Answer: Augsburg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
As a boy, this ruler's blindness was cured by the missionary Horace Allen. In 1905, he unsuccessfully met with Theodore Roosevelt to lobby for his country's independence, and after World War One he was elected President of a Provisional Government based in Shanghai. His regime relied on G-2, an internal security force that detained and tortured his mostly leftist opponents, some of whom were killed in the Jeju Island massacre. Chang Myon accused this husband of Fransizka Donner of rigging an election, leading to the Masan Massacre and the April 19 Movement, which forced him to resign in 1960. For ten points, name this long-time right-wing dictator of South Korea.
Answer: Syngman Rhee [accept: Yi Seungman]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hawkish Democratic Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson died while giving a speech condemning this man. The New Republic printed a satirical picture of this man sitting in a recliner, wearing Nikes, and drinking a can of Coca-Cola as part of an article criticizing the American press for portraying him too positively. When this man came to power, he cancelled a program that used trains to launch ballistic missiles. He began his career in Karelia, and in his longest-serving position he made plans to maim Rudolf Nureyev and harassed the author of The First Circle and The Cancer Ward out of the country. Responsible for shooting down Korean Air Lines Flight 007, he died of kidney disease after only eighteen months in office despite once surviving being in the Soviet Embassy in Budapest in 1956. For ten points, name this long-time head of the KGB who briefly succeeded Leonid Brezhnev as Soviet leader and was replaced by Konstantin Chernenko.
Answer: Yuri Andropov
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One contemporary eulogized this man with, "He is not a ship-of-the-line, but he carries many guns, is tight built, and is out in all weathers." The disastrous Walcheren invasion took place under his watch and Grenville and Lord Grey headed the opposition under his term. Earlier serving as attorney general and Chancellor of the Exchequer, he was a compromise candidate for prime minister due to squabbling between Canning and Castlereagh. This man dealt with George III's insanity in the Regency Crisis but his reluctance to assist with a man in debtor's prison in Russia lead to his untimely end at the hands of John Bellingham. FTP, identify this British prime minister nicknamed "Little P" who served from 1809 to his 1812 assassination.
Answer: Spencer Perceval
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
King Olaf Trygvason of Norway established one of these events at Nidaaros, but the most famous one in Norway occurred simultaneously with the Disthing at Uppsala. The Timarion describes one of these occurring in twelfth-century Thessalonica, which then had the largest one in Europe. Humbert de Romans commented that those that occurred weekly were morally worse than those occurring annually. In England, legal cases stemming from these events were handled by a Court of Pie-Powder, and they were often held under namesake crosses. In medieval law, towns needed to obtain a special status to hold one of these events, and regulating this type of event became a common weapon for rulers against the power of the Hanseatic League. For ten points, name this type of economic event, where farmers bring their goods to town for sale.
Answer: market or fair [accept "peasant fair" or equivalent]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One group named the legion of this figure was a splinter of the anti-semitic Union of the Russian People party in the late 1910's. A more famous group named the Legion of this figure adopted three crossing bars as their logo and assassinated Ion Duca in 1933, later taking power after the assassination of their founder, Corneliu Codreanu, although that group, also led by Ion Antonescu, is better known as the Iron Guard. A statue of this figure on a pedestal can be found in Kiev's Independence Square. During the Dark Ages, this figure was the patron saint of Christians fighting against the Magyars, and more recently he was named the patron saint of police officers. In Greece, it is believed that this archangel carries the dead to heaven, while in Britain churches built on former pagan sites are usually named for him, symbolizing his defeat of evil. For ten points, name this Archangel who expelled Satan from heaven.
Answer: St. Michael
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Frank Webb ran on the Farmer-Labor ticket during this year's U.S. presidential election. Men who received votes at the Republican Convention included Frank Lowden and the eventual Vice-President, who was part American Indian and had been the first to introduce the Equal Rights Amendment. The eventual winner of this election was accused by Theodore Bilbo of dancing with a negress "black as the ace of spades," Mary Booze. The campaign manager of the Democratic nominee was Belle Moskowitz, and his running mate was Arkansas Senator Joseph Taylor Robinson. Occuring two years after the death of Eugene Debs, this election was the first time Norman Thomas ran as the Socialist Party candidate. The reign of this election's victor saw the Bonus Army demonstration, and the loser was the first Roman Catholic to run as a major party's nominee. For 10 points, name the year in which Herbert Hoover defeated Al Smith to become U.S. President, which occurred just before the start of the Great Depression.
Answer: 1928
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After the end of this conflict, John Todd and John Gabriel Jones were killed in an attack on Harrod's Town when Pluggy broke the peace that ended it. Daniel Greathouse led the Yellow Creek Massacre in this conflict, which also saw the killing of one side's leaders at the Pipe Creek Incident by Ebenezer Zane and Michael Cresap, who had assembled a local militia in response to the killing by Mingos and Shawnees of whites attempting to settle the land won by the Treaty of Fort Stanwix. Tecumseh's childhood home was burned in this conflict, leading to a life-long hate of white men, and it was ended by the Battle of Point Pleasant. For ten points, name this 1773 war in colonial Virginia, named for the royal Governor.
Answer: Lord Dunmore's War
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's advisors included the scholar Hayashi Razan and the soldier Ishikawa Kazumasa. This man came to prominence by seizing the lands of the Imagawa Clan, who had earlier held this member of the Matsudaira clan as a hostage. During the Komaki campaign, this man won the Battle of Nagakute. He was granted the Kanto Provinces for helping his predecessor defeat the Hojo clan. This man led the Council of Five Elders who served as regents for his predecessor's son and, with the help of Kobayakawa Hideaki, this commander of the Eastern Army defeated Ishina Mitsunari to take power. For ten points, name this victor at Sekigahara and third unifier of Japan, who founded a namesake Shogunate.
Answer: Tokugawa Ieyasu
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This polity's victory at the Battle of Rajgir is described at the Hathigumpha Inscription left by King Kharavela. That victory came against Demetrius of Bactria. According to Taranatha, its people were seafaring and made a living by stealing jewels. According to Megasthenes, its capital was Parthalis, though after Nandidev was defeated at the Battle of the Daya River the capital was moved to Tosali, where a viceroy ruled. For ten points, name this Jain-dominated state conquered by the Mauryan Empire in a war so violent it made a Buddhist out of Asoka.
Answer: Kalinga
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Englishmen who held this title include Thomas Parker, the Earl of Macclesfield, who did so in the 1710's. In Korea, it was held by Daewongun, also known as Prince Kung, for most of the late 19th century. Before going on to be President, Carl Mannerheim briefly held this title in Finland after World War One. The founder of the Xin Dynasty held this title before declaring himself emperor. An era of British history dominated by Lord Liverpool, Lord Sidmouth, and Lord Castlereagh takes its name from this title, during which it was held by the Prince of Wales, the future George IV. For ten points, name this term that refers to somebody who rules during the absence or incapacitation of a king.
Answer: Regent
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One community of these people can be found on Djerba Island. They killed Abdullah ibn Khabbaab and his pregnant wife and their first leader was Urwa ibn Udaiyya, but at the Harawra Conference they elected Ibn al-Kuwwa, who eventually defected to their opponent. In addition to Abdullah al-Rasibi, their other leaders included Hurqus ibn Zuhair, who died in a campaign against these people that followed the Battle of Nahrawan but ended when they assassinated the opposing leader at Kufa. Their practices include electing leaders based on piety and they controlled Basra for a time. This group whose name means "those who go out" officially formed in opposition to the negotiations at the Battle of Siffin, and their largest surviving community are the Ibadi in Oman. For ten points, name this group of early Islamic reformers that opposed Muawiya but eventually rejected and killed Ali, sometimes called as the "third sect of Islam".
Answer: Kharijites [accept: Kharijis; Khawarij; Shurat]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Prior to this battle, the victorious army made four different crossings of the Chicamocha River, taking intermediate positions at El Salitre and Toma del Molino before capturing the city of Tunja, where they found an arms cache. The losing army attacked over a bridge across the Teatinos River. Prior to this battle, Casa de Piedra was captured by General Santander. Foreign units in this battle included the British Legion, which lost its commander James Rooke in the earlier Battle of Vargas Swamp. The aftermath of this defeat for Jose Barreiro saw the controversial execution of dozens of Spanish officers. For ten points, name this 1819 victory for Simon Bolivar that resulted in Colombian independence.
Answer: Battle of Boyaca
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One duty of this office was imposed by the Lex Ovinia, and the power of this office was limited by the dictator Mamercus Aemilius Mamercinus. The last man to hold this office independently was Lucius Munatius Plancus and the first plebian to hold it was Gaius Marcius Rutilus. A famous road was built by one of these named Appius Claudius. This office was abolished during the dictatorship of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and the duties of this office included selecting the person who fed the Sacred Geese, carrying out the lustrum, and enforcing public morality. These officials wore purple togas but did not have lictors, and they were elected for terms of eighteen months every five years. For ten points, name this Roman official who determined Senate membership and also kept track of the population.
Answer: Censor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This case began when Isaac Bailey and F.O. Swannell were given a bill for $65. The dissent in this case cites a line of cases beginning with Willson v. Blackbird Creek Co., which concerned a dam in Deleware. The majority opinion cites Welton v. Missouri and the Louisiana civil rights case Hall v. De Cuir to define an important term. That majority opinion was written by Samuel Miller, while the Joseph Bradley dissent was joined by Chief Justice Morrison Waite. While this defeat for an organization led by Oliver Hudson Kelley did not overrule an earlier case about grain elevators, it did anger the Grange by declining to extend Munn v. Illinois and led to the Interstate Commerce Act. For ten points, name this 1886 Supreme Court case holding that states could not regulate railroad rates.
Answer: Wabash v. Illinois [accept either order]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Li Zhisui charged that this man was so hydrophobic that he refused to use a toilet and got liquid only when his wife, Ye Qun, hand-fed him steamed buns dipped in water. He replaced Peng Dehuai in his most famous position at the Lushan Conference of 1958, then won favor after the 1962 Sino-Indian War and compiled Mao Zedong's sayings into the "Little Red Book." He formally became Mao's successor during the Cultural Revolution after the ousting of Liu Shaoqi, but died when his plane crashed somewhere in Mongolia in 1971 after what may or may not have been a failed coup. FTP, identify this long-time head of China's People's Liberation Army.
Answer: Lin Biao
 
2008 July Crisis Bonuses by Round 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Every schoolboy dreams of becoming Grand Duke of Lithuania. Name these guys who lived that dream.,
[10] This guy married Queen Jadwiga of Poland, becoming the first ruler of Poland-Lithuania and starting a namesake dynasty. He's perhaps best remembered for defeating the Teutonic Knights at Tannenberg.
Answer: Jagiello [accept: Jogaila, Wladyslaw II]
[10] When Jagiello left Lithuania to live in Poland, this cousin of his became the leader of the Lithuanian nobility, causing much trouble for the nascent commonwealth.
Answer: Vytautas the Great
[10] Jagiello and Vytautas were the sons of two brothers who had ruled Lithuania as co-Grand Dukes in the mid 1300's, defending it from the Tatars and Teutonic Knights. For a final ten points, name EITHER of them.
Answer: Algirdas OR Kestutis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Nur-Shamash is a merchant in ancient Mesopotamia. Answer the following about his adventures in the exciting world of trade FTPE.,
[10] When Nur-Shamash visits Upper Egypt, he buys this grain the region was famous for. It is valuable in Babylon because it can grow in salty soil, unlike wheat.
Answer: barley [accept: shma]
[10] Nur-Shamash goes all the way to modern-day Afghanistan to purchase this blue rock, used for jewelry in Egypt and the Levant.
Answer: Lapis Lazuli [prompt on "Lapis"]
[10] While coming back from Afghanistan, Nur-Shamash stops to rest in this kingdom to the east of Babylon with capital at Anshan. Whether this kingdom's language is an isolate or is related to Dravidian is debated among modern linguists.
Answer: Elam [accept: Elamite Kingdom]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following European Zionists FTPE.,
[10] This native of Vienna coined the term "zionism" and helped Theodore Herzl run the First Zionist Congress.
Answer: Nathan Birnbaum
[10] This chemist lobbied the British Government to issue the Balfour Declaration and later served as the first President of Israel.
Answer: Chaim Weizmann
[10] This Ukranian synthesized Zionism and Marxism and called for poor Jews to move to the Levant and create a common revolutionary proletarian movement with poor Arabs. He died in 1917 recruiting Jewish brigades for the Red Army.
Answer: Ber Borochov
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a forgotten founding father FTPE.,
[10] This Bostonian originally was a judge tasked with issuing Writs of Assistance against colonists, but defected to the rebel side and coined the phrase "No Taxation without Representation."
Answer: James Otis
[10] James Otis wrote this 1764 tract about what was due to colonists under natural law.
Answer: The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved
[10] James Otis's son Harrison Gray Otis led the Massachusetts delegation to the Hartford Convention, but the Chair of the Hartford Convention was this Massachusetts Senator.
Answer: George Cabot
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Russians who subscribed to revolutionary ideologies FTPE.,
[10] This man translated the Communist Manifesto into Russian, but at the first Communist International it was he who led a faction opposed to Karl Marx, leading to his expulsion.
Answer: Mikhail Bakunin
[10] During the 1860's and 70's, Russia was rocked by this band of nihilists, who went around destroying things as a form of propaganda of the deed.
Answer: Narodniks
[10] This man was not quite revolutionary for Lenin, since he was the leader of the Mensheviks from 1905 to their dispersal in 1918.
Answer: Julius Martov
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a certain rebel, FTPE:,
[10] A descendant of the princes of the Pwys, he studied law in London but after returning to his homeland he became involved in a dispute with Reynold, Lord Grey of Ruthin that eventually resulted in an invasion by Henry IV's.
Answer: Owen Glendower [or Owain Glyndwr, or Owain Ap Gruffudd]
[10] Glendower made an alliance with this man who was eventually defeated and killed leading a rebellion at the Battle of Bramham Moor. This man's son, nicknamed "Hotspur", led a more famous rebellion.
Answer: Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland [Accept either underlined portion; DO NOT accept Sir Henry Percy]
[10] Glendower was opposed within Wales by this Welsh nobleman, who Glendower once captured and held for ransom, and who died at Agincourt allegedly defending Henry V.
Answer: Dafydd Gam or Davy Gam or Dafydd ap Llewelyn ap Hywel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Hussites, none of which is Jerome of Prague, FTPE:,
[10] This great Bohemian general of the Hussite Wars frustrated many Catholic armies with his famous wagon circle strategy. He notably had only one eye.
Answer: Jan Zizka
[10] In 1458, this man became the first and only Hussite King of Bohemia.
Answer: George Podebrady [accept either first or last name; accept also Jiri Bodebrad]
[10] In 1443, the Hussites sent this Taborite to convert Scotland to Hussiteism. He was very quickly burned at the stake.
Answer: Paul Craw [accept: Pavel Kravar]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about 19th century female political activists FTPE.,
[10] This devout Quaker and anti-slavery activist from Pennsylvania authored the pro women's rights Discourse of Women and helped Elizabeth Stanton organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
Answer: Lucretia Mott
[10] In 1872, this newspaper editrix became the first woman to run for President.
Answer: Victoria Woodhull
[10] This Polish immigrant and wife of Welsh utopian socialist Robert Owen came to New York in 1836 and led an unsuccessful effort to give women the right to vote in that state.
Answer: Ernestine Louise Rose [accept: Ernestine Louise Polowsky]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following policy statements from 20th century US foreign policy.,
[10] The Eisenhower Administration followed this doctrine, which said the US would nuke the hell out of anyone who attacked them, even if the attack was conventional. It was used to cut military spending, since nuclear missiles are cheaper than lots of tanks and planes.
Answer: Massive Retaliation
[10] The Kennedy administration abandoned Massive Retaliation in favor of this policy, which re-emphasized conventional rather than nuclear warfare.
Answer: Flexible Response
[10] This doctrine, named for the President who adopted it, said that the United States would be willing to use military force to protect its interests in the Persian gulf.
Answer: Carter Doctrine
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Some people dream about sheep; others dream about re-establishing the Kingdom of Lotharingia. FTPE:,
[10] That was the dream of this last Duke of Burgundy, noted for his many conflicts with King Louis XI.
Answer: Charles the Bold
[10] In order to make things easier for himself, Charles attempted to weaken the French monarchy by supporting this coalition of nobles against Louis XI.
Answer: League of the Public Weal
[10] Charles's scheming came to an end when he was killed in this battle, eliminating Burgundy as a major player in European politics.
Answer: Battle of Nancy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Chinese capitals, FTPE.,
[10] Now known as Xi'an, it was the capital of the Early Han and the Tang dynasties. During the Tang, it was divided into 108 enclosed wards, and housed up to one million people and was the largest city in the world at the time.
Answer: Chang'an
[10] The first capital of the Ming dynasty, its name means southern capital, and it would also serve as the capital of the Taipings and the Republic of China between 1927 and 1937.
Answer: Nanjing [accept: Nanking]
[10] Capital of Yuan dynasty under the name of Khanbalik, the Ming Yongle emperor moved the capital to this northern city in 1403.
Answer: Beijing [accept: Peking]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Woodrow Wilson smash! Answer the following about a 1914 diplomatic incident FTPE.,
[10] President Wilson ordered the occupation of Veracruz after a Mexican force arrested American soldiers in this coastal city.
Answer: Tampico
[10] The US sailors arrested in Tampico were from this gunboat, which was monitoring the Mexican Revolution.
Answer: USS Dolphin
[10] The Mexican troops involved in the Tampico incident were loyal to this man, who came to power by overthrowing Francisco Madero.
Answer: Victoriano Huerta
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following islands disputed by Japan and other countries.,
[10] Japan and Russia once shared control of this long island north of Hokkaido, but after WW2 the Soviets took all of it and expelled the Japanese residents.
Answer: Sakhalin Island [accept: Karafuto; saharin]
[10] Japan and Russia also dispute this island chain that stretches from Hokkaido to Kamchatka. It was an important route for Soviet submarines entering the Pacific during the Cold War
Answer: Kuril Islands
[10] Japan and South Korea dispute these completely useless islands in the Sea of Japan. "Crises" over these islands is a common way for unpopular Japanese or Korean Prime Ministers to score points.
Answer: Takeshima [accept: Dokdo; Liancourt Rocks]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This admirer of Napoleon believed that he was the 13th apostle and allegedly ate the flesh of his enemies to gain their strength. FTPE,,
[10] Name this first and only emperor of the Central African Empire.
Answer: Jean-Bedel Bokassa
[10] After neighboring countries realized that Bokassa was clearly insane, he was deposed in this 1981 military operation launched by France and Chad.
Answer: Operation Barracuda
[10] Bokassa was succeeded by this man, who became President of a restored Central African Republic.
Answer: Andre Kolingba
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a period of time you can read about in Thucydides FTPE.,
[10] This name is given to the period between the end of the Persian War and the beginning of the second part of the Peloponnesian War. It's a reference to the number of years it contains.
Answer: Penteconteia [prompt on FIFTEEEEEEEEEEEEN]
[10] One key event of the Penteconteia was when this crafty Athenian leader tricked the Spartans into letting him build the Long Walls.
Answer: Themistocles
[10] The Penteconteia also saw a disastrous attempt by the Delian League to liberate Egypt from Persian rule by supporting the rebellion of this guy.
Answer: Inaros [accept: Inarus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A 2006 article in Business Week ranked Bhutan the sixth happiest country in the world. Answer stuff about Bhutan FTPE.,
[10] This is the capital of Bhutan.
Answer: Thimphu
[10] This is the royal dynasty of Bhutan.
Answer: Wangchuk
[10] Bhutan might owe its high ranking from Business Week to its policy of maximizing this government-invented unit of quality of life.
Answer: Gross National Happiness

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