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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by VCU
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Anecdotes in this work include Freddy the Janitor's misadventures in Prison Daycare and a consequential dosing of one character with an aphrodisiac, triggering a four-day sexathon. The protagonist of this work converses in Tommy's Barber Shop with a man who later reveals himself to belong to the Seven Days. One character in this novel is the son of a man who was sliced in half in a mill accident and is inspired by a white peacock on top of a Buick dealership to help the protagonist steal some gold. In this work, Circe reveals that one character was married to the Indian girl Sing and was actually named Jake, and it begins with the suicide of Insurance Salesmen Robert Smith. That protagonist leaves "no Doctor Street" for the town of (*) Shalimar, Virginia, where he learns that the title figure dropped his ancestor Jake while flying to Africa. The protagonist, the son of Macon Dead II, leaves his sisters First Corinthians and Magdalena in Michigan and journeys with his aunt Pilate, who is shot by the greedy Guitar Baines. FTP, name this novel that follows Milkman's discovery of his roots, a work by Toni Morrison titled after a book of Old Testament love poetry written by a wise monarch.
Answer: Song of Solomon
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This body is home to regions known as "Barnacle Bill" and "Shark" which contain fine-grained quartzite minerals similar to andesite. Piqueux theorized that this body's dark "spider" regions were the result of geyser activity driven by subterranean sublimation of atmospheric gases. This body saw the formation of many lava plains during its Hesperian Geological Epoch, while its earlier (*) Noachian epoch is characterized by heavy bombardment. Perchlorate and calcium carbonate were determined to be present in this body's soil by the Phoenix Mission in 2008, and other explorations of this body include the two Viking missions. This body's massive plateau, the Tharsis Bulge, is located just west from the solar system's largest canyon, Valles Marinaris, and famously contains the solar system's tallest mountain, the volcano Olympus Mons. Recently explored by Spirit and Opportunity, FTP, name this body orbited by Phobos and Deimos, the fourth planet from the sun.
Answer: Mars
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Alexander Calder's "La Grande Voile" was built primarily as a wind block to protect one of this man's buildings. This man used blocky geometric designs to imitate traditional Middle Eastern architecture in his work on Doha's Museum of Modern Art, and created a simple tent-like shape for his Luce Memorial Chapel. He designed the tallest five-sided building in the world, the monolithic JPMorgan Chase Tower in Houston, and assisted his son in the design for UCLA Medical Center. This designer of MIT's Green Building turned over to James Freed and Henry (*) Cobb much of the work on the recent NASCAR Hall of Fame building. This architect used deep setbacks and triangular bracings to protect the Bank of China Tower from Shanghai winds. One of his buildings includes a cantilevered theater over Lake Eerie and an orthogonal tower which rises next to one of his trademark features. That feature was also included by this architect as the entranceway to an underground portion of a famous museum. Noted for designing Clevleland's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, FTP, name this creator of a glass pyramid at the Louvre, a prominent Chinese-American architect.
Answer: I. M. Pei
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This biblical book describes a group that takes an oath at the town to Mizpah to not marry their daughters into the tribe of Benjamin prior to the Battle of Gibeah, which concludes its account of a civil war. This book also describes the conquest of Israel by the Moabite king Eglon after the long and fruitful reign of Othniel. One person in this book is given a sign when the wool he places on the ground is wet with dew although the ground isn't. Another figure in this work decides to marry Timnah but ends up having to butcher 30 (*) Ashkelonites and jack their clothes to cover his wedding expenses, while yet another man in this work utilizes variations in drinking styles to whittle down his force to 300 men. Centering on figures like Ehud, Barak, and Deborah, this book describes how one man defeated an enemy by blowing trumpets in their camp, and how another's downfall ensued after revealing the secret of his power to the temptress Delilah. FTP, identify this Old Testament book which follows Joshua and describes the titular Israelite leaders, who include Gideon and Samson.
Answer: Book of Judges [prompt on "The Bible" before "Old Testament"
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The revolt of Martyn Pushkar during this period led to the passage of the Treaty of Hadiach, which attempted to create a Ruthenian Duchy. This period was ended by the Treaty of Olivia and saw the defense of the Jasna Gora monastery inspire one leader to swear the Lwow Oath. Key precipitating factors of this period include the increased power of the nobility due to Sarmatism and Golden Liberty system, and it saw secondary conflicts like the Second (*) Northern War. Some historians mark the end of this period with the Treaty of Andrusovo, which ended one side's war with Russia, and it began with an invasion by Charles Gustav followed by a scattered resistance under John II Casimir.over a five year period from 1555. Denoting Sweden's invasion of Poland, FTP, identify this period named for a meteorological disaster that completes Louis XV's quote beginning "after me," and is characterized by a massive downfall of water.
Answer: The Deluge [or Potpo]
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This man collected a treatise classifying the title entities into "calm" and "violent" types with considerable moralistic resonance, along with a work of aesthetics describing the interaction of innate human sentiment and critical faculty, into his Four Dissertation. Those essays "Of Passions" and "Of the Standard of Taste," are far more direct than a meandering work arguing that warfare and shoddy masonry must had made the ancient world far less inhabited than the modern. That work, "Populousness of Ancient Nations" was collected along with works like "Idea of a Perfect Commonwealth" in another collection by this man. A Thomas Macauley work replaced this author's (*) History of England as the standard text on the subject, while in another work Pamphilus recounts the debates between Cleanthes, Philo, and Demea about the existence of god. This author of Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion articulated the "is-ought" problem and was credited with awaking Kant from his "dogmatic slumber." FTP, name this Scottish philosopher who wrote A Treatise of Human Nature and An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: David Hume
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This team made the playoffs in its first year of existence despite its tragic loss of Bill Masterton, who became the only player to die during an NHL game. One player who played for this team in between two stints for the Rangers is known for committing an infamous face-to-face screen against Martin Brodeur. The personal lives of Los Angeles's Jarret Stoll and Calgary's Dion Phaneuf led to the termination of that player's career with this franchise, after he referred to ex-girlfriends Rachel Hunter and Elisha Cuthbert as (*) "sloppy seconds." This team, which suspended Sean Avery in 2008, relocated in 1993and dropped the word "north" from their name. One player on this team was the second American to reach 500 goals, while this team's only Stanley Cup victory came in 1999 when Brett Hull scored a controversial goal against the Buffalo Sabres. Marc Crawford became this team's coach in 2009, succeeding Dave Tippet. FTP, name this team whose current captain is Brennen Morrow and whose past talent includes Mike Modano, an NHL team based out of a city whose other sports franchises include the Mavericks and the Cowboys.
Answer: Dallas Stars [accept either]
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In this novel, the insecticide expert Mr. Brown is brought in to deal with an ant infestation which is solved when a peasant simply asks the ants to go away. One character in this novel frequents the Christopher Columbus brothel, which the hooker Transito Soto turns into a gay friendly establishment. One character dies after drinking poisoned brandy meant for her father Severo de Valle. The death of the (*) green-haired Rosa the Beautiful causes another character to carry around a chalkboard to communicate for nine years as she refuses to talk until her marriage to Esteban, who abandons his plantation at Tres Marias to participate in a coup against the Communists. FTP, name this novel that follows the Trueba family in an unnamed South American country, a work of Isabel Allende.
Answer: The House of the Spirits [or La casa de los espiritus]
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This party absorbed the Honest Government Party in 1898, and its proponents included Californian Charles Randall, whose political career ended after he was destroyed by Hiram Johnson in a Senate race. The Concerns of People Party helped Gene Amondson take control of this party after a schism ended the streak of nominations held by Earl Dodge. Florida governor Sidney Johnson Catts was a major figure in this party, whose 1932 ticket was led by a recently-banned radio evangelist, "Fighting Bob" Shuler. This this party's logo was changed to a (*) Bactrian to avoid any similarities between its Thomas Nast-designed symbol with Joe Camel, and it vaulted to national prominence under Kansas governor John St. John and through the campaigns of John Bidwell and Silas Swallow. The publication of The Hatchet and the activities of the Women's Christian Temperance Union helped generate support for this party, whose goals were briefly realized with the passage of the Volstead Act. FTP, name this American third party whose platform faded from national politics with the repeal of the 18th Amendment, a group preoccupied with banning alcohol.
Answer: Prohibition Party
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One member of this group wrote his thesis on "The Boy Scout Movement as A Socializing Agency" but is best known for a work chronicling over 1300 gangs. One of this school's leaders developed the Race Relations Cycle to explain his four part model of immigrant assimilation, while the namesake theorem of another member of this school states that "Ii men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences." That theorem established the basis for the social disorganization theory posited by several members of this group, which included Frederic Thrasher and Robert Park, along with a man who developed a namesake (*) concentric zone model of cities. This sociological school of Ernest Burgess and Louis Wirth shares a name with a Ronald Salmon Crane-led school advocating a revival of Aristotelianism in literary criticism, and with a schoo, including Robert Fogel, Robert Lucas, and Ronald Coase, which centered on the the economic theories of Milton Friedman. FTP, identify the common name of these schools of thought, named for a certain Midwestern university
Answer: Chicago School
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For an object possessing this property on a metric space, evaluating the object at two different points and forming a sum of pairwise products of each evaluation is equal to the delta function applicable in the metric space; such an equation is usually known as the this relation for the object. In general, this property is defined with respect to a norm such that the norm of any object minus a linear combination of objects from a set with this property can be made arbitrarily small. That's because, for sets with this property, these exist some weights such that the weighted sum of the set is a faithful representation of any function almost (*) everywhere on corresponding space. FTP, name this property that is possessed by even non-orthogonal, non-normal bases, which can be achieved by adding the limit points to a metric space, so that the space no longer has any holes.
Answer: completeness [accept word forms, but not synonyms; prompt on spanning or basis]
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One section in this work takes place in a prehistoric society where women are more powerful than men and concerns Turu the Rainmaker. That story, along with "The Father Confessor" and "The Indian Life," join a series of poems like "Soap Bubbles" and "Stages" in its appendix and are attributed to the protagonist. That protagonist dies while swimming in a cold lake after becoming a tutor to (*) Tito. Tito is the son of Plinio Designori, a friend the protagonist meets while at the school Waldzell, where he learns about the connections between music, mathematics, philosophy and other forms of knowledge before joining the Order of Castalia and replacing Thomas Van Der Trave. FTP, name this novel in which Joseph Knecht becomes the Magister Ludi after mastering the titular chess-like game, a work of Herman Hesse.
Answer: The Glass Bead Game [or Das Glasperlenspiel; or Magister Ludi before mentioned]
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One non-Mozart composer from this country used Twinkle Twinkle Little Star as the basis for a work subtitled "For the enjoyment of humorous people and for the annoyance of others," his Variations on a Nursery Tune, and also created the comic opera, Aunt Simona. Another of this country's composers experimented with rhythm syllables, a moveable-do system, and some namesake hand signals to develop with Jeno Adam a musical education program that was later applied to this country's schools. That man's own musical contributions include the Laudes Organi, the Peacock Variations, and an opera beginning with a "musical sneeze" that sees a series of stories vibrantly related by a (*) cavalrymen who single-handedly vanquishes Napoleon. One composer from this nation created for his favored student Sophie Menter a piano concerto "in the style of" this country, and was inspired by Mazeppa in the fourth of his Transcendental Etudes. Producing the composer of Hary Janos, Zoltan Kodaly, FTP, identify this European country, home to Erno Dohnanyi, Franz Liszt, and Bela Bartok.
Answer: Hungary
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In teleost fish and lagomorphs, this organ is not distinct but instead has its tissue spread about the mesentary and sometimes incorporated into the spleen or liver. A disease that produces tumors in this organ can result in a dangerously high production of HCl in the stomach and is known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. The omental tuber joins the main body of this organ to its "neck" which is in turn separated from its (*) "uncinate process" by a namesake notch. This organ is connected to the bile duct via the Duct of Wirsung and this organ's namesake polypeptide hormone is inhibited by another of this organ's hormones. That hormone acts against the effects of HGH, gastrin and secretin, is produced by this organ's delta cells and is called somatostatin. Emptying into the duodenum, for 10 points, name this organ that produces chemicals like glucagon from its beta and alpha cells of the Islets of Langerhans, also the site of insulin production.
Answer: Pancreas
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Innocent VIII issued a papal bull after this king forcibly removed the Stafford brothers from sanctuary after their abortive rebellion with Lord Lovell. One of his first actions was to repeal the Titulus Regius. This king greatly improved wool exports by signing the Intercursus Magnus with various European powers. This king ended his invasion of France with the Peace of Etaples, and at the Battle of Stoke Field defeated John (*) de la Pole and the kitchen servant Lambert Simnel. This king's Chancellor John Morton used a namesake "fork" to increase his treasury, and while not a Stuart, this king used the Treaty of Medina del Campo to marry his son Arthur to a Spanish princess. FTP, name this king who later married another of his sons to Catherine of Aragon after defeating Richard III at Bosworth to become the first Tudor monarch, the predecessor of Henry VIII.
Answer: Henry VII
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An extended performance of scenes from one of this man's musical works inexplicably closes the silent film My [Italian] Cousin, and is delivered by a singer whose career was launched performing the work of this composer, Enrico Caruso. In one opera by this man, the title figure chooses to leave her husband Milio when she finds out that he is married, while in another, Montesecco kills Simonetta Cattanei before she can warn Giuliano of an evil conspiracy by Pope Sixtus. This composer of Zaza and (*) Il Medici later changed the name of one of his operas to Mimi Pinson after adopting the same Henri Murger novel as Puccini. This man's best-known work opens with the prologue Si Puo, which reminds the audience that actors are real people. That work is frequently performed with Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana and includes the aria Vesti la giubba, in which Canio sings that the show must go on despite Nedda's infidelity with Silvio. FTP, name this Italian composer of I Pagliacci.
Answer: Ruggero Leoncavallo
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This novel ends with one character eating ice cream and drinking a beer after abandoning an attempt to construct a makeshift violin out of an old ukulele, and another resolving to start over after a conversation with Portia. After his son Willie returns from prison with his feet amputated, one character in this novel visits a judge only to be humiliatingly thrown in jail for a night. When her brother Bubber shoots Baby with a BB gun, another character in this work is forced to take a job at Woolworths to pay the hospital bills; that character later has sex with the panicky (*) Harry Minowitz, who plans to leave town due to his guilt for sleeping with Mick Kelly. A bundle of strawberries is spilled after the climactic event of this work, much of which centers around the New York cafe, owned by Biff Bannon. At the end of this work, Dr. Copeland, Jake Blount, and Mick Kelly are all devastated when the death of Spiros Antonapoulos in an insane asylum results in the suicide of their confidant, the deaf mute John Singer. FTP, identify this novel, a work by Carson McCullers.
Answer: The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
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This city was the subject of Mohammed Atta's master's thesis in urban planning, which rather unsurprisingly criticized Andre Gutton's Westernization of its architectural infrastructure. It is home to the Mosque of the Drop of Blood as well another building which reportedly houses the tomb of Zachary, the father of John the Baptist, while the Armenian Church of the Forty Martyrs can be found in this city's Jdeide Christian section. Quduz negotiated passage through this city's Frankish rulers prior to meeting the Mongols at Ain Jalut, while the atypical use of the imala characterizes a dialect of Arabic based around and sometimes named for this city. A rebuilt version of the Ayyubid Palace of Glory is contained within a defensive structure used by Seleucus Nicator, this massive (*) Citadel of this city, outside of which Tamerlane built a tower of 20,000 skulls after taking it from the Mamluks. After the fall of Jerusalem, a major Hebrew codex was transferred to the large Central Synagogue of this city, which lay just beyond the Crusader Kingdom of Antioch. The site of a massive 1138 earthquake, FTP, identify this second-largest city of Syria.
Answer: Aleppo
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One type of this process uses a magnet to bend particles toward a group of Faraday cups where impact is converted into electric signals. An atom probe works by combining field ion microscopy and the time-of-flight form of this process. One form of this process injects particles into a (*) Penning trap before performing a Fourier transform on the result. In addition to the Isotope Ratio form of this, one form of this uses four perfectly parallel rods. Devices used to complete this process include Quadrupole ion traps, Orbitraps, and FTMS's. This process works by ionizing a sample and accelerating through a magnetic field to discover a mass to charge ratio. For 10 points, name this process used to discover the elemental make up of a sample.
Answer: Mass Spectrometry
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This country's liberal and conservative factions under Alberto Lleras and Laureano Gomez joined together in the Declaration of Sitges to end the dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas. Its independence movement can be traced to Antonio Narino, who was active during a decade-long game of musical states known as the "Foolish Fatherland" period. Problems with the Salomon-Lozano treaty led to this country's namesake war with Peru, while a treaty signed aboard the USS Wisconsin ended a conflict in this country known as the (*) Thousand Day War. The assassination of Jorge Gaitan in this country touched off a ten-year period of strife, characterized by a high incidence of basic commercial interaction descending into machete massacres, known as La Violencia. This country's 19th of April movement is often called M19, and laid siege to its Palace of Justice in an attempt to try President Belisario Betancur. Luis Galan was killed in this country for his opposition to an organization based out of Cali and another group founded by Pablo Escobar, the Medellin Cartel. Losing control of Panama in 1903, FTP, identify this South American country where there guerrilla group FARC and rampant cocaine trade challenges the authority of its government in Bogota.
Answer: Republic of Colombia
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TB A boy named Hans in this novel idolizes the protagonist, and another Hans is the landlord of the Bridge Inn. The protagonist gets a job as a janitor at a schoolhouse where he annoys Miss Gisa at the instigation of two characters the protagonist calls Arthur although one is named Jeremiah. He eventually meets Amalia, the kindly sister of Olga and Barnabas, the man who delivers a (*) letter from Klamm. Klamm's mistress Freida falls in love with the protagonist, but leaves him after his meeting with The Superintendent leaves him no closer to the title possession of Count West West. For 10 points, name this novel in which a surveyor named K attempts to enter the title structure, a work of Franz Kafka.
Answer: The Castle [or Das Schloss]
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TB This deity took the form of Deiphobus to persuade Hector to stop running around the walls of Troy and face Achilles. This deity gave Asclepius the blood of Medusa, and this goddess avenged the underpaid worker Nicandra by causing Alcinoe to fall in love with another man. This goddess wiped the seed of (*) Hephaestus off of her thigh resulting in the birth of Erechtheus. In one appearance, this goddess assumed the shape of Mentor to guide Telemachus. This goddess defeated Poseidon when her gift of an olive tree trumped Poseidon's gift of a salty well, leading to a prominent Greek city adopting her name. For 10 points, name this goddess who was born from Zeus' head, the Greek goddess of war and wisdom.
Answer: Athena
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TB One resident of this state served as Secretary of Defense for most of Bill Clinton's second term. Another man from this state was defeated for the Democratic nomination by 1972 after losing as the vice presidential candidate under Hubert Humphrey. This home of William Cohen and Edmund (*) Muskie contained the capital of the John Baker founded Republic of Madawaska. Abraham Lincoln's first vice president Hannibal Hamlin served as governor of this state. The first Secretary of War, Henry Knox was from this state, as was a man who led this state's 20th volunteer regiment on a charge down Little Round Top at Gettysburg. For 10 points, name this state which was home to Joshua Chamberlain and a "Continental Liar" who lost to Grover Cleveland, James Blaine.
Answer: Maine
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by VCU
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After learning of his imminent cancellation, he announces that he will kill himself on live television. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this "Mad Prophet of the Airwaves," whose portrayal won Peter Finch an Academy Award, a character who becomes the first person in history to be killed because he had lousy ratings.
Answer: Howard Beale
[10] Howard Beale is the protagonist of this 1976 film, also notable for having Beatrice Straight win an Oscar for being on screen for only five minutes. It memorably sees Finch's Beale declare "I'm as mad as Hell, and I'm not going to take this anymore!"
Answer: Network
[10] Network's screenplay earned a third Oscar for this writer, who had previously won two Awards for writing Marty and The Hospital. Later in life, he found commercial success with Broadway shows like Gideon, and less commercial success with films like Altered States.
Answer: Sidney Aaron "Paddy" Chayefsky
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The branching patterns of the elements that compose this tissue follow Murray's Law and they are composed of tracheids and vessel elements, FTPE:,
[10] Name this vascular tissue responsible for the transport of water throughout the body of a plant, often contrasted with phloem.
Answer: xylem
[10] Similar in appearance to condensed dew on the outer surfaces of leaves, this process involves the exuding of xylem sap: a solution of water, ions and sugars from the stomata.
Answer: guttation
[10] The vascular variety of this tissue acts as the source for both the secondary xylem and phloem. The cork variety of it hardens to produce the protective outer layers of bark found in most woody planst.
Answer: cambium
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This thinker attacked the paradox of the `intellectualist legend," where each action being spawned by a thought in his namesake "regress," and identified "propositions do not have meanings" as a lingering puzzle of Kant's Possible Experience in the article "Unverifiability-by-me." FTPE:,
[10] Name this philosopher whose work describing the essential character of a child's blink, "What is Le Penseur Doing?," inspired Clifford Geertz's use of the term "thick description."
Answer: Gilbert Ryle
[10] This magnum opus of Gilbert Ryle coined the phrase "ghost in the machine" and uses examples of a university tour guide and a military parade to argue that Cartesian dualism produces a category error.
Answer: The Concept of Mind
[10] In a book titled after this figure's progress, Ryle argues that Aristotle was largely ignorant of his work. This thinker famously described the Allegory of the Cave in The Republic.
Answer: Plato
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One participant in this engagement, Jalal ad-Din, later employed Lithuanian support to overthrow Temur Kahn of the Golden Horde. FTPE,,
[10] Name this battle that saw Nicholas von Renys betray one side by calling for the Lizard League to retreat from a force led in part by Vytautas the Great, leading to the deaths of Teutonic Knight commanders like Wallenrode and Lichtenstein.
Answer: Battle of Tannenberg or Battle of Grunwald
[10] Vytautas's ally during this the, the ruler Jageilla, established a namesake dynasty of kings in this country, taking on the named Wladyslaw II. Less-competent rule of this nation eventually led it to undergo three notable partitions between various neighboring states.
Answer: Poland
[10] The Teutonic Knights were commanded at the Battle of Tannenberg by this Grand Master, who had succeeded his brother Konrad and was in the process of building up a strong position in Prussia when he was killed in single combat at that battle by Polish knight and consonant enthusiast Mszczuj of Skrzynno.
Answer: Ulrich von Jungingen
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This poem opens with a female figure addressing "him who in the love of nature holds/Communion with her visible forms." FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem which ends by suggesting "approach thy grave like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him, and lies down to pleasant dreams," a meditation on death by an early American poet.
Answer: "Thanatopsis"
[10] "Thanatopsis" was written by this New York Evening Post editor who asked a bird where "dost thou pursue thy solitary way?" in "To a Waterfowl."
Answer: William Cullen Bryant
[10] Bryant addressed one of his poems to this flower, which "openest when the quiet light succeeds the keen and frosty night."
Answer: "To the Fringed Gentian"
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A spurious group of these pieces is now recognized as the work of Roman Hoffstetter, while batches of them are collected into groups known as the "Erdody," "Sun," "Russian," and "Tost." FTPE:,
[10] Identify these works, numbered 1 through 83b in the Hoboken Catalogue, which include pieces nicknamed the "Fifths" and "Sunrise" and were written for two violins, a viola, and a cello by a man known as the "father" of this type of composition.
Answer: Franz Joseph Haydn's String Quartets (need both parts, prompt on partial answer)
[10] This nickname was given to Haydn's Opus 33 No. 2 E-flat major string quartet in reference to the ending of its rondo form fourth movement in 6/8 time, which sees the staggered arrival of a series of unexpected variations on the refrain, such that the audience continually expects that the piece is about to end at each new orchestration.
Answer: "The Joke"
[10] Haydn's sense of humor was again on display in this symphony, which sees an andante C Major key in 2/4 time sneak up out of nowhere and startle the hell out of the listener, who had been lulled to sleep by the first movement's adagio sonata.
Answer: Symphony No 94 in G Major or the Surprise Symphony
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Shifts resulting from this process can only occur when the polarizability derivative with respect to the normal coordinate is non-zero and the solid state crystal variety was discovered by Mandelstam and Landsberg. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this inelastic scattering of a photon that is named for the Indian scientist who discovered it in liquids.
Answer: Raman scattering or effect
[10] This type of Raman scattering produces a namesake line when a molecule losing energy causes incident photons to be sent to the blue side of the spectrum.
Answer: Anti-Stokes
[10] This principle of spectroscopy states that the intensity of vibronic transitions can be augmented by the intersection of two vibrational wave functions.
Answer: Frank-Condon Principle
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This poet developed the concept of the flaneur, one who strolls through and experiences the city. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French poet who included sections like Wine, Revolt, and Death in his most famous work, Fles Fleurs du Mal.
Answer: Charles Baudelaire
[10] The first section of The Flowers of Evil contrasts "Ideal" with this term. This word followed by "of Paris" titles a posthumously published Baudelaire collection.
Answer: Spleen
[10] Much of the controversy about The Flowers of Evil stemmed from Baudelaire using the term "thrice-great," more classically associated with Hermes, to describe this figure.
Answer: Satan [or the devil, accept equivalents]
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Section 2 of this act was the subject of the case Bartlett v. Strickland, while a 2009 Supreme Court ruling provided more leeway for statesto subvert its pivotal Section 5, but declined to rule on that section's constitutionality. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this legislation, whose major requirement for specifically identified areas to gain "preclearance" from the Justice Department remains enforced. It was also the subject of the "King Letter" over its sections involving multilingualism.
Answer: Voting Rights Act of 1965
[10] The Voting Rights Act was part of the "Great Society" legislation passed by this successor of John F. Kennedy, a Texan who was less successful in waging the Vietnam War.
Answer: Lyndon Baines Johnson [or LBJ]
[10] The aforementioned Bartlett v. Strickland required that a critical mass be reached before it became permissible to enact this practice, the subject of the cases Baker v. Carr and Reynolds v. Sims, which must be held to strict scrutiny according to the ruling in Shaw v. Reno.
Answer: Legislative District Reapportionment or Redistricting or Gerrymandering
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Practitioners of this faith often identify the spiritual entity Obutala, originally conceived as the feminine half of an ultimate godhead, with the Virgin Mary, and it is administered by priests known as babalawos. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this syncretic belief system and which venerates spirits drawn heavily from Yoruban mythology, intermediaries called orishas. This religion's Catholic influences are indicated by its usual name, which suggests a "way of the saints," and it is perhaps best-known for legal controversies stemming from animal sacrifices.
Answer: santeria or o lukume or La Regla de Ocha
[10] This Yoruban divination practice, which features a common reliance on revelation by Orunmila, is a major tenet of the Santeria faith. It involves a series of complicated recitations, which must be delivered from memory, and the rhythmic tapping of a tray filled with palm nuts, whose distribution provides the necessary information.
Answer: Ifa (accept Idafa)
[10] To reveal the truth to practitioners of Ifa, Orunmila borrows the power of this major orisha, who oversees the distribution of fortune and justice. Santeria links this figure, who oversees travellers and serves as a psychopomp, with St. Christopher, and like the Vodou figure Baron Samedi he is worshiped at crossroads.
Answer: Eshu or Ieshu or Elegbua or Elegbara or Exu or Elada
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was the subject of the Rolling Stone article, "The Great American Bubble Machine" by Matt Taibbi. FTPE:,
[10] Name this bank whose former employees include Robert Rubin, Joshua Bolten and Jon Corzine, which is currently run by Lloyd Blankfein.
Answer: Goldman Sachs
[10] This former Goldman Sachs employee and Dartmouth offensive lineman succeeded Corzine as CEO of the bank. He later pushed for the government to takeover Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in his role as Treasury Secretary during the market meltdown in the fall of 2008.
Answer: Henry Paulson
[10] Taibbi called Goldman Sachs "a great vampire squid wrapped around the face of humanity" in part for its role in popularizing this type of financial instrument, a smorgasboard of hundreds of mortgages with an overall AAA rating, despite the presence of many subprime mortgages.
Answer: Collateralized Debt Obligations
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel is narrated by Pilenz, who chronicles Joachim Mahlke's exploration of a sunken submarine and time spent in a Panzer division. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel that falls between The Tin Drum and Dog Years in the Danzig Trilogy.
Answer: Cat and Mouse [or Katz und Maus]
[10] This is the author collected The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, and Dog Years the Danzig Trilogy and has also written The Flounder and The Rat.
Answer: Gunter Grass
[10] In this Grass novel subtitled "The Germans are Dying Out," Harm and Dorte Peters debate about whether or not to have children while vacationing in Asia.
Answer: Headbirths [or Kopfgeburten]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Glycine is the only amino acid without this property. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this property of objects that are not super imposable on their mirror image.
Answer: chirality
[10] This set of rules is named for the three scientists who developed them in the Buergenstock Declaration. They assign R or S descriptors to stereocenters and E or Z descriptors to double bonds.
Answer: Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority rules [or CIP priority rules]
[10] This term refers to stereoisomers that are not enantiomers. According to the CIP rules, when a chiral nucleophile attacks a butanone, one of these is formed.
Answer: diastereomers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker discussed the "ego-libido" and "object-libido" in his On Narcissism. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Austrian author of The Interpretation of Dreams, considered the founder of psychoanalysis.
Answer: Sigmund Freud
[10] This later Freudian feuded with Ana Freud in the "Controversial Discussions." She was one of the first to apply Freudian ideas to children and she pioneered the field of object relations theory, in which she formulated the underlying, fantasy-based Depressive and Paranoid-Schizophrenic Positions.
Answer: Melanie Klein
[10] This modern American psychiatrist and psychoanalysis skeptic was rejected from the American Psychoanalytic Institute because "his mere desire to conduct scientific studies signaled that he'd been improperly analyzed." He is known for his namesake Depression Inventory and Helplessness Scale.
Answer: Aaron Temkin Beck
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about some decidedly pro-Nazi European groups, FTPE:,
[10] Giorgio Perlasca, Carl Lutz, and Raoul Wallenberg helped save thousands of Jews from the regime of this Hungarian political party led by Ferenc Szalasi, which ruled the country during the final years of World War II. It was represented by a red and white striped flag featuring a green rendering of its namesake symbol.
Answer: Arrow Cross Party [or Nyilaskeresztes Part] Arrow and Cross
[10] Corneliu Codreanu founded this indescribably fascist group in Romania, originally established as the Legion of the Archangel Michael. Horia Sima rallied this group to depose King Karol II, but its brief revolutionary state was ended when this group was defeated by Ion Antonescu.
Answer: Iron Guard or Garda de fier
[10] Jonas Lie, Johan Hjort, and famed traitor Vidkun Quisling were key figures in the National Gathering party formed to carry out Nazi policy in this Scandinavian country, where Knut Hamsun would have loved to see stormtroopers marching through the streets of Oslo.
Answer: Norway
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was named for and inspired by the iron and glass awnings created by Baron Haussmann during his Paris renovation. FTPE:,
[10] Name this massive unfinished project that attempted to document nineteenth century Parisian life.
Answer: Arcades Project [or Passagenwerk]
[10] The Arcades Project was undertaken by this member of the Frankfurt School who wrote The Origin of German Tragic Drama and The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.
Answer: Walter Benjamin
[10] The Frankfurt School was a loose group that attempted to revitalize a field named after this man. This author wrote about a "spectre haunting Europe" in collaborating with Friedrich Engels in The Communist Manifesto.
Answer: Karl Marx
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
She used the pseudonym Lord Charles Albert Florian Wellesley to pen the novella The Green Dwarf, which she subtitled "A Tale of the Perfect Tense." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sister of Emily and Anne, who wrote of St. John Rivers, Helen Burns, and Mr. Rochester in the novel Jane Eyre.
Answer: Charlotte Bronte
[10] This other author wrote a comprehensive biography of Charlotte Bronte. Her own novels include North and South and Cranford.
Answer: Elizabeth Gaskell
[10] The title character of this first Gaskell novel learns that her father killed Harry Carson after struggling to acquit her lover Jem Wilson of the same crime.
Answer: Mary Barton
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Organizations that fought for this country's independence included the FNLA, MPLA, and UNITA. FTPE:,
[10] Name this country that finally achieved independence from Portugal during the Carnation Revolution, a Southeast African country with capital at Luanda.
Answer: Republic of Angola
[10] This exclave of Angola sandwiched between the DRC and the Republic of the Congo claims independence from Angola under the Treaty of Simulambuco. Its cause is championed by an organization formed from groups including the Mayombe Alliance, by the world's most amusingly named guerrilla terrorist group, FLEC-FAC.
Answer: Cabinda Province
[10] Angola was granted freedom from Portugal in this 1975 agreement, which wasn't signed by Daniel Chipenda or by FLEC. This huge joke of a peace treaty plunged Angola into decades of civil war and underwent a failed rebooting in the Nakuru Agreement before the Lusaka Protocol and Bicesse Accords finally got things on track. Ish.
Answer: Alvor Agreement
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These are represented in the Koppen Climate Classification by a second letter of "W." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these regions which are usually defined as received less than 10 inches of rain per year.
Answer: deserts
[10] These arid regions are sometimes known as "malpais" and are usually formed through intense erosion. Examples include Putangirua Pinnacles in New Zealand and a National Park in South Dakota.
Answer: badlands
[10] This type of desert formation is defined as a large flat area of aeolian sand covering over 125 square kilometers. The Saharah contains examples of these like the Issaouane and the Chebi.
Answer: ergs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Dark, foreboding storm clouds are contrasted with a blue sky; and two cherubs are flying while a third is in the water, in this painting. FTPE:,
[10] Name this painting that depicts some distressed nymphs looking on from the shore the titular woman is dragged out to sea by Zeus in the form of a white bull.
Answer: The Rape of Europa
[10] This Italian Renaissance painter created The Rape of Europa. This Venetian student of Giorgione painted Sacred and Profane Love, Madona of the Pesaro Family, and Venus of Urbino.
Answer: Titian
[10] Titian spent two years on this massive altarpiece which is held in Venice's Basillica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari. It is divided into three sections as the apostles hold their hands up in the bottom as putti raise the title figure in the center.
Answer: The Assunta [or Assumption of the Virgin]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some examples of modern British drama for 10 points each:,
[10] In this Martin McDonough play, Katurian is interrogated when the contents of his stories resemble a series of child murders.
Answer: The Pillowman
[10] In this Tom Stoppard play, Thomasina independently discovers the Second Law of Thermodynamics as Hannah Jarvis researches the title estate in the present day.
Answer: Arcadia
[10] In this man's The Dumbwaiter, Ben and Gus wait in a basement room for their assignment, which turns out to be Gus, whom Ben promptly prepares to kill. He also wrote The Caretaker and The Birthday Party.
Answer: The Dumbwaiter

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