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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by Trygve
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In one of this man's novels, a journalist deals with a series of increasingly odd art dealers in order to find secret footage of a pornographic film of Adolph Hitler. In another, a limousine carries wealthy asset manager Eric Parker across Manhattan for a haircut. This author of Running Dog and Cosmopolis, who published another work under the pseudonym Cleo Birdwell, wrote about frustrated novelist Bill Gray in his work (*) Mao II. This author reimagined the Kennedy assassination in his work about Lee Harvey Oswald, Libra. In a better known work, which begins with the "Shot heard round the world," this author wrote about murderer Nick Shay. He also wrote a work set at the College-On-The-Hill which includes the Airborne Toxic Event in the life of Hitler Studies Professor Jack Gladney. For ten points, name this contemporary American author who wrote Underworld and White Noise.
Answer: Don DeLillo
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The likelihood of this effect in one particle in which it occurs is increased by current coherent scattering in regions of non-zero current density, since such scattering effectively increases the mass of that particle. The experimental differentiation of charged-current and neutral-current reactions lead to the first postulation of this behavior. This behavior is possible because its effected particles propagate as mass eigenstates distinct from the eigenstates of the property changed by this behavior; that property couples the particles that undergo this to the weak interaction. First experimentally confirmed by monitoring output from the (*) KamLAND reactors, this behavior happens more often in matter according to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effect and is the reason that first results from the GALLEX, Sudbury, Homestake, and Super-Kamiokande experiments underestimated the solar flux of the particles that undergo it. For 10 points, identify this variation in the type of certain light, neutral leptons.
Answer: neutrino flavor oscillations [accept neutrino flavor oscillations, neutrino flavor changes, or other close equivalents; prompt on neutrino changes or other close equivalents that don't use the word "oscillation"]
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This character gave the prophecy that Euphemus would rule over Libya after he completed another task. Another story about this character describes how the Iranians changed their name after this character and another came to live among them. Hera made this character fall in love in order to affect the death of (*) Pelias. This character tricked two daughters into chopping their father up and boiling him in a cauldron by telling them that it would restore his youth, but she declined to add the magic herbs to the cauldron. In one myth, this character flies away in a chariot drawn by dragons, which were gifts from Helios; that occurred after this character slew Glauce with a poisoned robe. For ten points, name this daughter of Aeetes, who helped her husband Jason escape with the Golden Fleece.
Answer: Medea
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One character in this play is indignant after another character tells her that she has mermaid blood and therefore ought to fall in love with a water sprite. Another character in this play is passionate about restoring all the yew trees on his estate before the peasants cut them down. One character steals morphia from (*) Doctor Astrov's bag, causing that doctor to remain on the estate, and he had earlier told the nurse Marina that he felt a hundred years old from over work. Yelena is the second wife of one of the central characters in this play. This play begins when the conceited Professor Serebryakov complains of leg pains, and his young wife is wooed by the title character of this play. For ten points, name this play about the son of Marya Voyinsky, who runs an estate for that Professor.
Answer: Uncle Vanya
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The binding domain of one type of this molecule in the virus that causes hepatitis C has a highly conserved TATPP sequence. A mutation in the RecQ family of these is the culprit in Werner's syndrome. One family of these in Staphylococcus aureus can be both magnesium- and manganese-dependent. In Drosophila, an analog of the human DDX type of these called Abstrakt is crucial for central nervous system development. The hexameric B type in E. coli uses covalent interactions with a beta (*) clamp-loading complex to coordinate its activities on the lagging and leading strands of the molecule it affects. These enzymes bind to AT-rich sites in order to break hydrogen bonds in those affected molecules to begin replication. For 10 points, name these enzymes that "unzip" strands of DNA or RNA.
Answer: helicases [accept RNA helicases before "sequence"]
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This country's tallest peak is Maromokotro, which is located in the Tsaratanana Massif range in the northwestern Mahajanga Province. The Betsiboka River flows north and empties into Bombetoka Bay, and Europa Island lies off the west coast of this nation. An epic poem known as the Ibonia originates in this country. This nation was dominated by the Merina Kingdom until a (*) French annexation in 1896. This nation's namesake plan called for a large-scale Jewish relocation to this place, but the Nazis never followed through. For 10 points, name this island nation with capital at Antananarivo that is separated from the continent by the Mozambique Channel and whose demonym is Malagasy.
Answer: Republic of Madagascar [or Malagasy Republic before mentioned]
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Tim Kaine granted an informal pardon to the 27 slaves hanged during this man's suppression of Gabriel's Rebellion, and during this man's tenure as President, Apuckshunubbee and Pushmataha was forced to sign the Treaty of Doak's Stand and later the Treaty of Washington City, in which the Choctaw's ceded large amounts of territory to the U.S. During his first term in office, this man used his annual message to Congress to address conflicts with Spain and the results of the (*) Rush-Bagot Convention, and he vetoed the Cumberland Road Bill. This man's attorney general would go on to represent Native American rights after he left office in the case Cherokee Nation v. Georgia; in addition to William Wirt, this man's Cabinet saw William Crawford preside over the Treasury Department. The Secretary of State and later War under his predecessor, James Madison, FTP, name this politician who presided over the "Era of Good Feelings."
Answer: James Monroe
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This man married Eadgyth, the widow of one of his military rivals, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn of Gwynned, whom this man fought a series of border skirmishes against. After becoming the Earl of East Anglia, this man was briefly exiled due to his father's insubordination regarding a fight in Dover, leading this man to spend time in Ireland in the court of King Dermont of Leinster. After being imprisoned at Beaurain by Count Guy of (*) Ponthieu, this man supposedly swore an oath to a foreign noble that he would not accept a certain English title. The victor over his brother Tostig and King Harald Hardrada at Stamford Bridge, FTP, name this successor of Edward the Confessor, who lost the crown and his life to William the Conqueror at Hastings.
Answer: Harold II or Harold Godwinson
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Sarajobalada and Rito Perraj are two indigenous witch doctors in one of this man's novels, which also describes the pernicious actions of American investor Lester Mead and his wife Leland. That novel is Strong Wind. Catalina and Yumi become expert sorceresses who must defend themselves against the Catholic church in one of this man's novels, which focuses on their struggle for the titular moon spirit Mulata de Tal. The second half of one of this man's novels describes the struggles of the postman Nicho, while its first half describes the adventures of (*) revolutionary leader Gaspar Ilom. This author of Men of Maize also wrote about the hunt for General Canales, whose daughter Camila is beloved by the narrator, the trusted advisor Angel Face. For ten points, name this author of The Banana Trilogy and El Senor Presidente, a prize-winning Guatemalan writer.
Answer: Migue Angel Asturias Rosales
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He had given significant financial backing to the Regeneration group before founding the Anti-Reelectionist party. The faction that brought him down signed the "Pact of the Embassy" in the office of Henry Lane Wilson, the U.S. Ambassador. Because he was unable to immediately return land to dispossessed Indians, Emiliano (*) Zapata revolted against this president. The author of "La sucesion presidencial en 1910," he was hailed as an "apostle of democracy," and championed the principle of "effective suffrage, no reelection" in his Plan of San Luis Potosi. Killed while being transferred to prison, his ouster was engineered by Victoriano Huerta. FTP, identify this Mexican leader who led the ouster of Porfirio Diaz.
Answer: Francisco Indalecio Madero
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One measure of the dimensionality of these objects is the least upper bound on the heights of its closed, additive group-forming sub-modules. The unmixedness theorem holds for examples of these objects in which the aforementioned dimensionality measure is equal to the depth. That dimensionality measure is the Krull dimension, which is equal to the depth in the examples of these named for Cohen and Macaulay. The major classifications of these objects are in terms of chain conditions. The aforementioned closed, additive group-forming sub-modules of these objects are know as prime (*) ideals; an ideal is a sub-module of one of these that commutes with all its elements. These algebraic structures are closed under both an associative, commutative addition, identity-bearing invertable addition, and a left- and right-distributive, associative multiplication. For 10 points, name these algebraic structures that may be Artanian or Noetherian.
Answer: rings [prompt on fields or modules]
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One song by this band deals with an "X-files being, looking like some kind of blue-green Jackie Chan with Isabella Rossellini lips and breath that reeked of Vanilla Chig Champa." This band sings "Here from the king's mountain view/Feast like a sultan I do" on the song "Jambi." The title track of their most recent album carries the alternative title "Wings, Part 2." One lyric from the track "46 and 2" is "My shadow's shedding skin//I've been picking scabs again." They sing "Black and white are all I see/In my infancy" on "Lateralus" and "It's not enough, I need more" on "Stinkfist." Their song "The Pot" received a 2008 Grammy nomination and appeared on their album "10,000 Days." For ten points, name this rock band fronted by Maynard James Keenan with other songs like "Parabola," "Vicarious," and "Schism."
Answer: Tool
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This man exchanged material from his violin concerto to write his sixth symphony, which begins with a series of notes D-E-F-G-A that sets the symphony in the Dorian mode, and he set a series of seven poems by John Runeberg to music. This composer's fourth symphony is dominated with the tritone interval and it ends with a glockenspiel attempting to establish an A-major cadence but the work's opening note, C from the rest of the orchestra brings it to a minor finish. His first symphony opens with a clarinet accompanied by timpani roll, and this man also wrote incidental music to a play by Procope, (*) Belshazzar's Feast. He depicted a sleigh ride between two cities in one of his tone poems, Nightride and Sunrise. This composer wrote a set of patriotic works including a Ballade and Alla Marcia in his Karelia Suite and also wrote a tone poem based on the story of Kullervo. For 10 points, name this composer of The Swan of Tuonela and a nationalistic paean to his homeland, Finlandia.
Answer: Jean Sibelius
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One voice in one of this man's poems asks "What but a soul could have the wit / To build me up for sin so fit?" while another voice identifies as "hung up, as 'twere, in chains /Of nerves, of arteries, and veins." That poem is "A Dialogue Between Soul and Body." Another poem by this author describes the title concept as " begotten by Despair alone upon Impossibility." That poem is "The Definition of Love," although a better known poem by this author laments How vainly men themselves amaze/ To win the palm, the oak, or bays." The author of "The (*) Garden," this author of "Upon Appleton House" wrote another work which notes "Your courteous lights in vain you waste/ Since Juliana here is come." That poem, written to "The Glow-worms," features a character who is described in another poem as a " Luxurious man, to bring his vice in use," against The Gardens. For ten points, name this man who wrote several poems about "The Mower," who lamented "Had we but World enough and Time" in his "To His Coy Mistress."
Answer: Andrew Marvell
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This character gave the prophecy that Euphemus would rule over Libya; a vision that was fulfilled after the founding of Cyrene by one of his descendants. While traveling in Tomi, this character's father was slown down in his travels when he stopped to retrieve the scattered remains of this character's brother, Absytus. Hera made this character fall in love in order to expedite the death of Pelias. This character tricked two daughters into chopping their father up and boiling him in a cauldron by telling them that it would restore his youth, but she declined to add the magic herbs to the cauldron. In one myth, she uncorked the nail holding in the fluids of the bronze man Talos and this character is carried away in a chariot drawn by dragons; an event that occurred after this character slew Glauce with a poisoned dress. Often depicted as a priestess of Hecate, for ten points, name this daughter of Aeetes, who helped her husband Jason escape with the Golden Fleece.
Answer: Medea
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This man utilized the contrast between Pare in Indonesia and Sefrou in Morocco to analyze his own anthropological practice in his work After the Fact. The author of a collection of philosophical essays entitled Available Light, he analyzed a synthesis of symbols, myths, rituals, and ceremonies, which he terms "drama" in a work which utilizes the example of a certain theatre state, Negara. In one of this man's works, he described a situation in which the stakes are so high that it doesn't make sense to play, a term called deep play, through the lens of a Balinese cockfight. In another, he described the uses of explanation that seeks to explain not only the practice, but the motive behind it, known as his "thick description." For ten points, name this man who wrote The Interpretation of Cultures.
Answer: Clifford Geertz
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A fox with an arched tale looks away from the viewer in a canvas by this man in which a red-cloaked title figure confronts the viewer, The Sorceror of Hiva Oa. A green-skinned, bulbous-nosed, black robed woman watches over a naked black woman lying on her stomach in this man's canvas The Spirits of the Dead Keep Watch. In a more famous work, the title character has blue veins marked out against his stomach as he perishes on the cross. Another work by this artist depicts a vision that took place after a notable sermon, while a further work depicts a blue statue and a bottom -lit naked woman stretching her arms to the sky. The artist of The Yellow Chirst, for 10 points, name this artist who created Jacob Wrestling with the Angel and Where Do We Come From? What are We? Where Are We Going? on his frequent trips to Tahiti.
Answer: Paul Gauguin
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Eccy de Jonge has written about this philosopher's connection to the environmental concept of Deep Ecology, which topic was also written about by Brenden MacDonald. In one of his works, this man wrote about "the popular confusion of ready imagination with distinct understanding," which section occurs after one discussing "true ideas," which are the instruments of the titular idea. This author of (*) On the Improvement of the Understanding wrote that reason does not preclude God from giving law to mankind in a work which also discussed the relativity of good and evil. This author of Tractatus Theological-Politicus also wrote a work in which the nature of God, the mind, human bondage to the emotions, and the power of understanding, are arranged in a geometric order. For ten points, name this Dutch moral philosopher who wrote Ethics.
Answer: Baruch Spinoza
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This is the simplest compound having five-carbonyl derivatives of that spontaneously open through a five, one hydrogen shift to create branched enols. This compound can be synthesized directly by base-catalyzed decarboxylation of pimelic acid, followed by removal of the oxygen substituent. Substituents to this compound experience large steric hindrance in the (*) equatorial position, so reactions on derivatives of this compound generally require axial substituents. This molecule can itself be destabilized by steric strain due when there exist equatorial hydrogens at positions one and four that point inwards. The aforementioned flagpole effect destabilizes the boat conformation of this molecule relative to the chair confirmation. Complete hydrogen reduction of benzene is the simplest way to form this organic compound. For 10 points, name this six-carbon ring alkane.
Answer: cyclohexane [prompt on permutations of C6H10]
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It claimed that "the realm was so torn by innumerable factions and sects that the most legitimate of all the parties was fewest in numbers." Certain terms within it were violated by the Convention of Alais. Its terms were annulled by the Peace of Ales, and it was fiercely opposed by Pope Clement VIII. Its last section forbade discrimination in education and medical care, while section XVIII of it concerns the (*) kidnapping of children. Its first section granted an amnesty for actions undertaken since March 1585, and its terms included the establishment of strongholds for which the king would pay for garrisoning. Revoked by Louis XIV through the Edict of Fontainebleau, FTP, identify this edict that granted liberties to Protestants, issued by Henry IV in 1598
Answer: Edict of Nantes
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In this work, a man blows a bugle while facing a couple that strolls away from the viewer and towards the top right corner of the work. Closer to the center of this work, a girl clutches a bouquet of flowers with her head inclined, and some critics have suggested that the social order depicted in this painting is more tenuous than it first appears. A pair of soldiers also walks away from the viewer, towards the same point of land for which a crew of men is rowing. A small brown dog runs towards a sniffing, larger black dog in the foreground of this work, away from a monkey on a leash held by a woman. The woman is one of the 48 people, many holding parasols and enjoying the titular time of day, in, FTP, what pointillist work by Georges Seurat, which shows people of all classes relaxing on a titular island in Paris?
Answer: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte?1884 or Un dimanche apres-midi a I'lle de la Grande Jatte?1884
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His critiqued Flaubert's Madame Bovary in his The Perpetual Orgy. His examination of Latin American authoritarianism follows Urania Cabral and Rafael Trujillo in his The Feast of the Goat. In one story a series of vignettes tell the story of the Indian girl Bonifacia and the proprietor Don Anselmo, while in another The Slave squeals on The Circle for stealing answers to a chemistry test at the (*) Leoncia Prado Academy. In addition to the Green House and The Time of the Hero, in his most famous story, the narrator Mario meets the genius soap author Pedro Camacho before falling in love with his titular relative. For 10 points, name this Peruvian author of Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter.
Answer: Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa
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One model of this phenomenon predicts increased stability of alkene-metal bonds due to the electron metathesis that this interaction essentially is. This interaction decreases one participant's bond order, but compensates by increasing that of the other, so that it gets nearer to fulfilling the 18-electron rule. A quick diagnostic for this process is an anomalously low ligand functional stretching frequency on an infrared spectrum. The volatility of nickel tetracarbonyl is explained by this process having occurred in it in agreement with the aforementioned (*) Dewar-Chatt-Duncanson model. For 10 points, name this chemical phenomenon in which electrons from an atomic orbital of the central atom of a coordination complex delocalize to fill an anti-bonding pi orbital.
Answer: pi backbonding [or pi backdonation]
 
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by Trygve
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Name the following characters from a specific movie franchise, for 10 points each.,
[10] This antagonist, after learning he has an inoperable brain tumor, decides to kidnap people that he deems unworthy of their life and puts them in his trademark death games. One of his bigger games involves a house filled with nerve gas.
Answer: Jigsaw [or John Kramer]
[10] This other character was the only known survivor of a Jigsaw test in the first movie in the Saw series and eventually became his assistant. This character participated in the nerve gas trap and designed two traps which were impossible to escape from in Saw III.
Answer: Amanda Young
[10] This cop-turned-apprentice is the main antagonist in films five and six and framed Peter Strahm for the same role. At end of Saw IV, he leaves Rigg to die, and at the end of Saw VI, he barely escapes from a trap meant to rip his jaw open.
Answer: Mark Hoffman
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In humans, Y chromosomes obey this formulation to a high degree of approximation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this statement that asexual reproduction leads to irreversible accumulation of deleterious mutations.
Answer: Muller's ratchet
[10] Muller's ratchet can be considered a special case this effect, in which recombination controverts linkage disequilibrium, thus conferring reproductive advantages.
Answer: the Hill-Robertson effect
[10] Another way of understanding Muller's ratchet is in terms of this mathematical function, the expected ratio of the number of individuals with a given trait before and after a selection event. Where Muller's ratchet applies, this function steadily decreases in an asexual populations due to mutation events.
Answer: the absolute fitness
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This poet collected several of his poems relating to maturity in a collection entitled Wisdom. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this poet who also wrote a collection of poems to his wife Mathilde Maute, Bonne Chanson, as well as a poem celebrating the struggle of high heels with a full-length dress, The Young Fools. Other famous collections include Wisdom and the Symbolist anthology Les Poetes-Maudits, or The Accursed Poets.
Answer: Paul Verlaine
[10] This first collection of poems by Paul Verlaine includes his "Song of Autumn" in addition to a longer poem addressed to Sully Prudhomme entitled Monsieur Prudhomme.
Answer: Saturnine Poems
[10] Paul Verlaine was the lover of this other French Symbolist, who wrote two poems entitled Delirium for his collection A Season in Hell.
Answer: Arthur Rimbaud
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Consider a classical mechanical system that we wish to analyze. For 10 points each:,
[10] If we subtract the potential energy of the system from its kinetic energy, we would construct this function whose time integral, the action, dictates the motion of the system.
Answer: the Lagrangian [prompt on L]
[10] The system's Lagrangian can be transformed to its Hamiltonian by the Legendre transform from the set of time derivatives of position to this set of variables. The Hamiltonian is a function of the time, position, and these.
Answer: the generalized momenta of the system [accept conjugate momenta; accept word forms, even stunningly wrong ones, like generalized momentums; prompt on momenta or p's]
[10] We can apply this operation with our new Hamiltonian and a quantity to determine if the quantity is a constant of the motion, in which case the result of this operation will be zero.
Answer: the Poisson bracket
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One character in this novel, known only as the Old Man, has a mistress name Ohisa with black teeth that indicate her Osakan origin, to the delight of other characters in this novel. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the dissolving marriage of Kaname.
Answer: Some Prefer Nettles
[10] Name the author of Some Prefer NettlesΒΈ who also wrote Naomi, Quicksand, & The Makioka Sisters.
Answer: Tanizaki (or) Juni'chiro
[10] Tanizaki wrote an essay in praise of these concepts which describe, among other things, traditional Japanese toilets. O'Casey also wrote a play about one of these of a gunman; Willa Cather wrote novel about these "in the Cave."
Answer: shadows
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This group was dedicated to fighting exorbitant legal fees, and was primarily centered in Anson, Orange, and Granville counties. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of vigilantes, led by Rednap Howell and Herman Husband, who fought against the local government in the lead up to the American Revolution.
Answer: Regulator Movement
[10] The Regulators were opposed to corrupt officials in this colony, governed at the time by William Tryon. The governor himself led the militia from New Bern to crush the insurrection.
Answer: North Carolina
[10] The revolt was crushed at this two-hour battle, where the Regulators told Tryon to "fire and be damned" after being told to lay down their arms.
Answer: Battle of Alamance
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This thinker wrote a variety of definitional essays that he termed his "Quiddities." For ten points each:,
[10] Name this man who attacked the analytic-synthetic distinction in his work "Two Dogmas of Empiricism" and wrote an interesting analysis of the library of Babel, which he concluded needed only two volumes.
Answer: Willard van Orman Quine
[10] Quine markedly extended the ideas of "Two Dogmas of Empiricism" in this book, which introduced his thesis of the indeterminacy of translation.
Answer: Word and Object
[10] Another work of analytic philosophy is this tome by Saul Kripke, which introduces his theory of symbols that hold the same meaning in all possible contexts, or rigid designators.
Answer: Naming and Necessity
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Several skeletons wearing academic garb observe the central scene of this painting, which is depicted against a red background. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this painting which depicts a skeleton giving birth to a baby in its central event.
Answer: Gods of the Modern World
[10] Gods of the Modern World is a work by this Mexican muralist, whose other works include The Return of Quetzalcoatl.
Answer: Jose Orozco
[10] Another Mexican muralist is Diego Ribera, who married this woman who painted herself in both indigenous and colonial garb in a painting depicting "Two" of herself.
Answer: Frida Kahlo
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Identify the following Roman monarchs, for 10 points each.,
[10] The father-in-law of Tarquin the Proud, this sixth king was allegedly murdered by his successor. His eponymous constitution divided citizens by wealth into five classes.
Answer: Servius Tullius
[10] Appointed as guardian to the sons of Ancus Marcius, those sons eventually had this king murdered. His rise to power came in no small part due to the backing of his mother-in-law, Tanaquil.
Answer: Tarquinuis Priscus [accept Lucius Tarquinius or Lucomo]
[10] This second king is credited with creating the office of pontifex maximus. He was also alleged to have had a relationship with Pythagoras, and forged books relating to philosophy and religious law were attributed to him.
Answer: Numa Pompilius
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This architect developed a system of proportion that he termed "The Modulor." For ten points each:,
[10] Name this French architect who utilized his five points of architecture to construct the Villa Savoye.
Answer: Charles Eduoard "Le Corbusier" Jenneret
[10] In addition to designing a ton of buildings for Chandrigarh, Le Corbusier designed this French cathedral. It's notable for its upturned roof and short struts.
Answer: Notre Dame du Haut
[10] This architect, who like Le Corbusier maintained his principle office in Switzerland, designed the Tenerife Auditorium and the Chords Bridge. His first US project was the Quadracci Pavilion for the Milwaukee Art Museum.
Answer: Santiago Calatrava
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Answer the following questions about geographical features which lie north of the continental United States, for 10 points each.,
[10] Behind Mt. McKinley, this Canadian mountain on the Alaskan border is the second tallest peak in North America. This peak is named after the founder of the Canadian Geological Survey.
Answer: Mount Logan
[10] This Canadian River, with source at the Great Slave Lake, was originally named the Disappointment River by its namesake, an explorer named Alexander.
Answer: Mackenzie River
[10] This island lies across the Davis Strait from Baffin Island and also lies on Baffin Bay. The Nares Strait separates this island from the town of Alert on Ellesmere Island.
Answer: Greenland
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In one of the theories of this concept, they're divided into those that move towards people, those that move away from people, and those that move against people. For ten points each:,
[10] Name these mental disorders which involve neither delusion nor hallucination, distinguishing them from psychosis. Alfred Adler wrote a book about this kind of character.
Answer: neuroses [accept word forms]
[10] Name the psychologist who described the aforementioned theory, who wrote Neurosis and Human Growth and The Neurotic Personality of our Time.
Answer: Karen Horney
[10] This other female psychologist criticized Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development in her work In a Different Voice, which posited a new theory with more feminine value.
Answer: Carol Gilligan
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Processes may contain these, but, unlike processes, these constructs can share state information. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these programming constructs that are generally controlled by either a preemptive or cooperative scheduler.
Answer: threads
[10] Mutexes and other types of semaphores may be used as a solution to these issues that may arise when feedback is not properly propagated while threads or processes are trying to access the same data.
Answer: race conditions
[10] This problem centers on a race condition and can therefore be solved with semaphores. It asks whether is it possible to prevent resource starvation by making it so that the namesake people are never all in the eat state holding a single fork.
Answer: the dining philosophers problem
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This long poem includes correspondence with Marcia Nardi and Allen Ginsberg. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this five-book-long work which centers on a place described as "Eternally asleep, his dreams walk about the city where he persists incognito." Each book moves farther downstream on the Delaware River and forward in time.
Answer: Paterson
[10] This late Williams poem shows a new stylistic mastery, telling the title flower,"The sexual orchid that bloomed then/ sending so many/ disinterested/ men to their graves/ has left its memory/to a race of fools/ or heroes/ if silence is a virtue."
Answer: "Asphodel, That Greeny Flower"
[10] Name the author of Paterson and "This is Just to Say," who also wrote about something "glazed with rain" which "So much depends on," the titular "Red Wheelbarrow."
Answer: William Carlos Williams
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This piece of music freely moves between three meters, 6/8, 9/8, and 12/8, and opens with a solo flute melody descending through a tritone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this piece of music written after a Mallarme poem.
Answer: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
[10] Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun was written by this French composer of Suite Bergamasque, which contains "Clair de Lune."
Answer: Claude Debussy
[10] Debussy's final orchestral piece was this one written for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes which involves a tennis match. It contains 60 different tempo markings and was described as having change in "speed or nuance every two measures".
Answer: Jeux
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Name the following Biblical figures, for ten points each.,
[10] This prophet was accompanied by a scribe named Baruch, and he is credited for his eponymous book as well as the Book of Lamentations. Some of his writings concern the destruction of the temple by Nebuchadnezzar, and a major portion of his namesake book contains his "confessions."
Answer: Jeremiah
[10] This prophet cured Naaman of leprosy after his master was taken to the heavens in a chariot of fire. When a crowd of children made fun of his baldness, he summoned bears to maul the children to death.
Answer: Elisha [or Eliseus or Al-Yasa]
[10] The New Testament book named after this man and resident of Colossae is only 335 words long. Paul wrote this man imploring him to reconcile with his slave, Onesimus.
Answer: Philemon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its value is usually given by half the bond length for the bond of an atom to itself. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity that can be used to estimate the size of some compounds.
Answer: the covalent radius [prompt on r-sub-covalent]
[10] One over the square of the covalent radius is proportional to the Allred-Rochow value of this quantity. In general, this quantity posited by Pauling measures the ability of compounds to attract negative charges.
Answer: the electronegativity
[10] The numerator in the un-normalized Allred-Rochow electronegativity is this value for the valence electrons. The average potential felt by a valence electron is proportional to this over the atomic radius.
Answer: the effective nuclear charge [prompt on Z-star]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This character that may have lived on Tory Island, was notable for having a huge with which he could raze the surrounding ground and had to be held up by his servants. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this villain from Celtic mythology who locked his daughter in a crystal tower so she couldn't get knocked up. He was slain by Lugh who slung a rock right through his eye.
Answer: Balor
[10] Lugh kicked Balors ass at this second battle between the Tuatha de Danaan and the Formorian giants. After it was one by the former party, Nuada was able to take back his throne and with a new spiffy silver arm from Dian Cecht.
Answer: Second Battle of Mag Turied
[10] This was Lugh's son with Deichtine. He may be better known for slaying a dog in his youth, wielding the spear Gae Bolg, single-handedly defending Ulster during the Cattle Raid of Cooley and for being born with the name Setanta.
Answer: Cuchulainn
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An Imperial Treasure was lost during a naval engagement in this war, which was the subject of an eponymous seisui-ki. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this conflict between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
Answer: Gempei War
[10] At the battle of Dannoura, this infant emperor drowned, taking a famous sword with him. When Yoshinaka was about to advance on Kyoto, the Taira fled with this figure.
Answer: Antoku Tenno [accept Tokihito]
[10] The soldier-dictator Taira Kiyomori, Antoku's grandfather, fought against the Minamoto clan during this conflict, which saw Kiyomori burn down a palace of Sutoku. It preceded the Heiji Rebellion.
Answer: Hogen War
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character of this novel may be the illegitimate half-sister of the naive heiress Laura Fairlie. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this novel about Anne Catherick, a detective story which also features the wonderful Marian Halcombe, who is admired by Count Fosco.
Answer: The Woman in White
[10] Name the author of The Woman in White, who also coauthored the play "The Frozen Deeps" with Charles Dickens, and wrote Basil, The Black Robe, & Armadale.
Answer: Wilkie Collins
[10] In this 1858 Collins novel, the titular priceless yellow diamond has been stolen by Col. Herncastle during the Siege of Seringapatam; and is stolen again just as Rachel Verinder is on the point of inheriting it.
Answer: The Moonstone
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from Portuguese history, for 10 points each:,
[10] Antonio Salazar was overthrown in this uprising on April 25th, 1974. Led by Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho, it was named after the flowers the soldiers put in their guns.
Answer: Revolution of the Carnations [accept equivalents]
[10] The successor to John I, this philosopher-king authored O Leal Conselheiro, and authorized a failed attack on Tangier.
Answer: Edward [accept Duarte]
[10] Edward's brother, at 26 he was made administrator general of the Orders of Christ. Leonor of Aragon wanted this figure to serve as regent for Afonso V, but his older brother Pedro became regent instead.
Answer: Prince Henry the Navigator [accept Henrique, infante de Portugal, duque de Viseu, senhor da Covilha]

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