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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 13 [Finals 01]
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One signatory to this agreement received the Pescadores islands as part of the settlement, and that party received a payment of about 7.5 million kilograms of silver. As part of this agreement, one party agreed to open up Soochow and Chungking to the other, while that party also received most-favored-nation status. One side ceded the Liaodong province, while a re-negotiation of part of this document with the assistance of Russia saw one party receive a good lease for Kwantung. Mutsu Munemitsu signed this agreement on behalf of one party, while John Foster advised the other side, which delegated the signing to Li Hongzhang. For ten points, identify this agreement, also known as the Treaty of Maguan, which ended the first Sino-Japanese War.
Answer: Treaty of Shimonoseki (also accept "Treaty of Mauguan" until mention)
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A trumpet solo plays over the mingled adult and children's chorus in this work's middle section. The chorus in this piece uses counterpoint between different sections to contribute to the overall soundscape, which oscillates throughout this piece. The words "I want to dig him out" are repeated near the end of this piece, which has a fortissimo trumpet section in the middle which quotes from Charles Ives' The Unanswered Question. This work begins with a child repeating the word "Listen" several times, which is then underscored by chords in the strings and short piano notes, and the names of people from missing persons signs are read. For ten points, identify this piece of music written to commemorate the death of the victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, which was composed by John Adams.
Answer: On the Transmigration of Souls
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One character in this novel exhorts another to "connect - only connect!" and this novel references joining together prose and poetry several times. One character in this novel gets drunk after her husband loses his job and is forced to leave the house. Theobald is a continually weak character in this novel, and one character makes matters worse when he gives unsolicited financial advise that a firm is on shaky financial ground. Leonard Bast strikes Charles on the shoulder several times with the flat of a saber, causing Mr. Wilcox to have a heart attack and a long convalescence. Helen goes to Germany and does not return until the end of the novel, when she is pregnant, to the surprise of her sister Margaret Schlegel. For ten points, identify this novel about the title country estate, a work by E.M. Forster.
Answer: Howards End
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Some material by this band was collected on Ego, Opinion, Art, and Commerce. The opening to a recent song by this band notes that "ecstasy is all you need" when you're living in the title concept of the song, and another song from that CD notes that "you and I got something, but it's all nothing to me". Those two songs are "Big Machine" and "Here is Gone", and come from a CD which also features "Sympathy", entitled Gutterflower. An earlier album featured the songs "Long Way Down" and "Name". This group wrote a song which claims that "You were the same as me, but on your knees." That song is from the album Dizzy Up the Girl, which features "Slide" and this group's best known song, in which the singer claims that he'd "Give up forever to touch you." For ten points, identify this group which performed "Black Balloon" and "Iris".
Answer: The Goo Goo Dolls
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The title character of this novel puts 2000 children in a concrete ship and blows it up. 918 heads are at first disguised as coconuts in a bag in this novel, and are filed in cabinets to decay, while the aides of the title character hire prostitutes to pose as schoolgirls for him to accost and rape. Those heads are sent in by the sadistic Jose Ignacio Saenz de la Barra, and a pack of trained dogs kills the boy Emanuel, who is the son of Leticia Nazareno. The title character of this novel wants to canonize his mother, Benedicion. The title character of this novel is immune to bullets and can change the weather, but is sexually impotent and must carry a herniated testicle around in a leather case. For ten points, identify this experimentally structured novel about the unnamed dying dictator of a Caribbean country, which was written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Answer: Autumn of the Patriarch (also accept El otono del patriarca")
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A generalization of this investigation accounting for relativity observed analogue of Airy disk edges and was conducted contemporaneously by G.P. Thomson. The data from this investigation were initially displayed on a periodic graph of Faraday box intensity versus the square root of accelerating voltage, with an initial peak corresponding to 54 volts at fifty degrees; knowledge of that angle allowed the experimenters to calculate the lattice spacing, a calculations that gave rise to the technique of electron crystallography. The results of this experiment were found to verify an analogue of Bragg's law for thermionic electrons emissions fired at a cooled nickel crystal, which agreed with the de Broglie hypothesis. For ten points, name this experiment in which two namesake American experimenters measured wave-like properties in electrons.
Answer: the Davisson-Germer experiment
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A re-release of this album includes a false start of one of the songs on this album, which differs from other twelve-bar blues tracks in B-flat by switching to A-flat seventh instead of B-flat seventh. That song also uses Wynton Kelly on piano, rather than the pianist who plays all the other tracks on this album, Bill Evans. This album, which contains a track with an unusual bass vamp entitled All Blues, also contains a track which switches between three modes using the 13th of the leading chord, entitled Blue in Green. A more well-known track from this album has no theme and allows each player a modal solo in the intent of drawing a comparison to Spanish melodies. That song, Flamenco Sketches, follows a song with a namesake chord consisting of three perfect fourths capped by a major third. For ten points, identify this album which contains So What?, the seminal composition by Miles Davis.
Answer: Kind of Blue
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Major Carleton was present at this event and sold his story to Harper's Weekly, which ran it as a cover story. Seventeen children survived this event and were incorporated into the local community, and James Buchanan condemned this event and suggested that it might have been averted with face-to-face contact. The location of this event was inside the Iron County Military District. John Lee and Isaac Haight coordinated with Paiute tribesmen to bring this event to fruition, and its target was the Francher-Baker party of emigrants from Arkansas, who were travelling to California and pausing to rest their cattle. For ten points, identify this even, in which a group of emigrants were slaughtered by Mormons after their surrender.
Answer: Mountain Meadows Massacre
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One principlke of this religion splits between its higher and lower aspects, is the incarnation of human thought, and is called manas. This religion claims that a prominent religion originally sprang from the Wisdom Religion of the Aryans, and that humanity was at the nadir of its spiritual development during the time of Atlantis. This religion originally had a trio of objectives, which included establishing a Universal Brotherhood of Humanitiy, to encourage scientific discovery, and to discover the latent psychic powers in man. A prominent member of this religion wrote the book of Dryzen and also Isis Unveiled. For ten points, identify this religion which uses a Divine Hierarchy to explain that all religions are a version of the truth, and which was started by Helene Blavatsky.
Answer: Theosophy
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One character in this novel paints a sparrow hawk, which had earlier appeared to him hatching from an egg in a vision, and leaves it at the title character's residence. A character in this novel is attempting to escape the bully Kromer, which the title character helps out with. At the end of this novel, the narrator and the title character serve in the military and meet up in a military hospital. The title character responds with a note that mentions the diety Abraxas. After the narrator of this novel spends time learning from and philosophizing with the organist Pistorius, he has a dream image of the title character's mother, Frau Eva. For ten points, identify this book narrated and published under the name Emil Sinclair, a work by Hermann Hesse.
Answer: Demian
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One of the two dioritic members of this set is exemplified by tremolite, while the other exhibits sharing of three oxygens and consequent one-plane cleavage; those adensite children are the next-to-most stable and most stable members of this sequence, respectively. This sequence exhibits different peridotite and gabbro members since its members solidify incongruently from basaltic melts; this fractional crystallization explains its structure vis-a-vis its counterpart. Minerals leave it by undergoing a rhyolitic transition at below about eight hundred degrees Celsius, a point near which this series merges with its counterpart at felsic orthoclase in the larger object of which they're part. For ten points, name this series of mafic minerals that runs from olivine to biotite: the non-plagioclase minerals above the bifurcation of Bowen's reaction series.
Answer: the discontinuous branch of Bowen's reaction series (do not accept or prompt on "Bowen's reaction series")
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One version of this character's myth states that he was married to the daughter of Amphidamantes, while other versions say that the daughter was of Pactolus or Xanthus. This father of Broteas is said to have a grandson by the same name who ruled Pisa. In one myth, this man's friend Pandaerus gave him a stolen golden dog for safe-keeping, while this father of Niobe also founded the House of Atraeus. This character's son was boiled in a sacred cauldron to return him to life after his shoulder was eaten by Demeter, which happened because this character chopped him into pieces and served him to the gods. For ten points, identify this father of Pelops, who resides in an undrinkable pool of water in Tartarus.
Answer: Tantalus
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A black door on the left side of this painting is set off by its use of brass handles, and the black background of much of this painting is punctuated by reflected circular lights from the interior of the scene, while that background is seen through a window with a frame that is both brown and white. A small black radiator occupies the corner of the interior locale in this painting, which also contains a dark chair. The central figure in this painting has removed only one glove, which gives her hand freedom to hold a cup of coffee and a saucer. That figure sits at a table next to a full bowl of yellow and orange fruit, and wears a hat and a blue coat. For ten points, identify this painting of a woman alone at the titular fast food restaurant, which was painted by Edward Hopper.
Answer: Automat
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Although he's more known for work in another field, this man wrote mathematical treatises entitled On Numbers, On Geometrics, and On Tangencies. This philosopher theorized that vision worksb y the eye receiving effluences from nature. This philosopher wrote The Horn of Amalthea and Tritogeneia in ethics, and he also wrote many works about nature, such as On Flavors and The Little World-ordering. This man divided knowledge into bastard and legitimate types, which are distinguished by how they are obtained, but he's more well-known for a theory that he adapted from the work of his teacher, Leucippus. For ten points, identify this philosopher who advocated deterministic materialism, and who was the first to propose that everything was made up of atoms.
Answer: Democritus
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Before ending the Second Bank of the United States as Jackson's Secretary of the Treasury, Levi Woodbury served in this position, which was occupied by Joseph Hewes for the Continental Congress. An important school was established while George Bancroft served in this position, while Gideon Welles occupied this position during the Civil War as a member of Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet. Donald C. Winter currently occupies this position, which saw the establishment of the Hydrographic Office and bureaucratic reform under John Tyler's appointment to this position, Abel P. Upshur, and George Forrestal was the last person to serve in this position before it was subsumed. For ten points, identify this office, which was subsumed into the Secretary of Defense's office and which probably involved being in control of many boats.
Answer: Secretary of the Navy
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This reaction is the progenitor and analogue of the metal alkoxide-catalyzed ester formation named for Tischenko and is similar in product to the Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction; it was recently discovered that lithium bromide is a near-ideal catalyst for all three, though the traditional form of this reaction uses a metal hydroxide as its catalyst. This reaction begins with nucleophilic addition by a hydroxide group, resulting in a namesake tetrahedral intermediate, which then reacts with another molecule of reactant in a disproportionation step. Formaldehyde can be used to increase the yield of one of this reaction's products in its "crossed" variant. If the reactant aldehyde has an alpha hydrogen, the aldol condensation accomplishes the same thins as this reaction faster. For ten points, name this reaction in which an acid and alcohol are formed from aldehydes, and which is named for an Italian chemist.
Answer: the Cannizzaro reaction
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This work includes a discussion of the Polynesian works mana and hau, which refer to the power inherent in a certain ritual discussed in this book. This book argues that its title concept is capable of transforming the entire social fabric through the concept of metonym. Marcel Giraule assisted in the writing of this book, which also outlines a concept called total prestation. The book claims that its title concept is important because of the way in which it allows concomminent displays of respect and generosity, which is especially outlined in the Native American systems of kula and Potlatch. For ten points, identify this book, subtitled Forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies, which is a work by Marcel Mauss.
Answer: The Gift; Forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies (also accept "Essai sur le don")
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Alexander Soloviev attempted to kill this man, who was also the target of Dimitry Karakozov, while earlier in his life, he'd been tutored by Vasily Zhukovsky. He appointed Loris-Melikov to head committees to suppress nationalistic movements, which outlawed Polish, Lithuanian, and Ukrainian. This man appointed Prince Gorchakov to lead the negotiations for peace after the fall of Sevastopol, while he gave a famous speech entitled "No Dreams." This man established the Diet of Finland and morganatically married Catherine Dolgorukuv, in addition to marrying Marie of Hesse. This man is the son of Nicolas I and Charlotte of Prussia. For ten points, identify this nineteenth century Duke of Finland and Russian Czar who was murdered by the People's Will and had earlier emancipated the serfs.
Answer: Alexander II
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One character in this novel finds a letter with several revelations, including the fact that soliders wear antennae under their helmets so that the commanders can control them. Another character is greeted as the Messiah of the Church of God the Utterly Indifferent. After the protagonist of this novel loses all of his money, he's recruited by Martians, during which he earns his nickname Unk. After Salo self-destructs, the protagonist lives in his ship on the title moon, although after Salo comes back to life, Roomford disappears and Beatrice moves into his house. For ten points, identify this novel which begins with Malachi Constant witnessing a materialization, a novel by Kurt Vonnegut.
Answer: The Sirens of Titan
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Minor tributaries of this include the Bureya, Zeya and Songhua rivers and this waterway flows through the cities of Huma and Blagoveshchensk. Spanned by the Khabarovsk Bridge, this body of water is formed by the confluence of the Shilka and Argun rivers. Near Nikolayevsk, this river flows into the Sea of Okhotsk and the Zhenbao Island of its tributary, the Ussuri River, was the site of a 1969 border conflict. Also known as the Black Dragon or Heilong Jiang, for 10 points, identify this ninth longest river in the world which forms the border between Russia and the Manchuria region of China.
Answer: Amur River [accept Heilong Jiang before read; or Xap Mepeh; or Sahaliyan Ula]
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Its westernmost point is in the Ujung Kulon National Park, while its eastern tip is Banyuwangi and the languages of Osing, Baduy and Tenggerese are spoken here. The Brantas and Bengawan Solo are the longest rivers of this island while its volcanoes include Lawu, Bromo and Merapi. The site of the Mendut, Belahan and Prambanan temples, this island has its highest point at Semeru while its second largest city is Surabaya. Bordered by the Madura and Sunda straits and containing the Buddhist shrine of Borobudur, for 10 points, name this Indonesian island on which lies the capital of Jakarta.
Answer: Java
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 13 [Finals 01]
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One song on this recent album, "Nude", was debuted while the band that recorded it was touring in support of another album. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this album with an unusual pricing scheme, which also includes the tracks "Reckoner," "House of Cards," and "Weird Fishes/Arpeggi."
Answer: In Rainbows
[10] Identify the artist who recently created In Rainbows, whose other albums include OK Computer and My Iron Lung. Fronted by Thom Yorke, this band's first album was Pablo Honey.
Answer: Radiohead
[10] This single from Pablo Honey has the singer stating that "You're so fucking special" because "You've got a perfect body, you've got a perfect soul", but all he wants is for "you to notice, when he's not around."
Answer: "Creep"
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One character in this play is against her son Osvald inheriting anything from her husband, so she uses his money to build an orphanage. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play about Helene Alving, a work by Henrik Ibsen.
Answer: Ghosts (also accept Gengangere)
[10] Henrik Ibsen also wrote this play, in which Dr. Thomas Stockmann attempts to convince the townspeople that the by-products of their tannery are contaminating their baths, causing him to be branded with the title epithet.
Answer: An Enemy of the People
[10] In this play, the title character is released from prison for embezzling, causing his wife Gunhild to fight with him over the fate of their child Erhart.
Answer: John Gabriel Borkman
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The first period of this era was the Cambrian. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this age during which Batlica and Laurentia merged and oxygen levels drastically increased. It preceded the Mesozoic.
Answer: the Paleozoic era
[10] This first epoch of the Paleozoic era was mostly eventful because of the emergence of trilobites as a life form.
Answer: Cisuralian epoch
[10] The Paleozoic era was ended by this event. As it saw the dying out of about 90% of the earth's species, it is understandably sometimes called "The Great Dying."
Answer: the Permian-Triasscic extinction (or Permian extinction; prompt on Great Dying)
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This deity was at one point married to the flower goddess Xochiquetzal. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Aztec googley-eyed rain god, who remarried to Chalchiuhlicue and ruled over a land of everlasting springtime that had bushes that bore breast-shaped fruit.
Answer: Tlaloc
[10] Another god of the Aztec pantheon was this sun and war god, who was the patron of the Mexicas, whose father is sometimes said to be a ball of feathers and whose mother was Coatlicue.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli
[10] This sister and rival of Huitzilopochtli was a powerful sorceress and ruled over snakes, spiders, scorpions, and the desert.
Answer: Malinalxochitl
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Sancho VII of Navarre and Pedro II or Aragon were present at this battle. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this massive 1212 defeat of the Almohad Muslims by a Spanish Christian alliance, after which the Christians took Baeza and Ubeda.
Answer: Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
[10] This King of Castille led the Spanish troops at Las Navas de Tolosa as part of his general strategy for the Reconquista. He also notably clashed with El Cid.
Answer: King Alfonso VIII
[10] This commander led the Almohad forces at Las Navas de Tolosa. After the battle, he was forced to return home to fight off a crusade ordered by Pope Innocent III.
Answer: Caliph Muhammad an-Nasir
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This book prominently decries relationships with objects, which it terms "its." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book, which also claims that in a certain type of relationship, one is unable to experience another person in the context of their humanity, and which claims that God should be spoken to directly.
Answer: I and Thou (also accept "ich and Du")
[10] Identify the author of I and Thou, a Jewish theologian whose works were often translated by Ronald Smith.
Answer: Martin Buber
[10] Most of Martin Buber's communitarian views were expressed in this book, which advocated a society which would be a community entirely composed of relationships of the type found in I and Thou.
Answer: Paths in Utopia
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In this effect, an unpolarized ray in broken into ordinary and extraordinary polarizations when entering a medium. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this effect, which its discoverer Rasmus Bartholin called double refraction.
Answer: birefringence (or the birefringent effect)
[10] Birefringent materials must have this property, meaning that their permittivity tensors, and possibly other tensors describing them, are not proportional to the identity tensor.
Answer: anisotropy (accept word forms)
[10] The DC form of this effect occurs in materials with non-zero second-order susceptibilities. In it, a material becomes birefringent as applied electric fields induce same-direction polarization proportional to their square magnitude.
Answer: the Kerr effect (prompt on second-order electro-optical effect)
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White, red, and yellow flames erupt from a crashing plane on the right side of this artwork. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this painting with the title exclamation written in block letters at the top, which utilizes lines to depict outward motion from the crash site.
Answer: Whaam!
[10] Identify the creator of Whaam!, who liked using comic book-style imagery for his pop art. His other works include Pow Wow and Torpedo...Los!
Answer: Roy Lichtenstein
[10] This painting by Roy Lichtenstein utilizes Benday Dots and shows Donald Duck on a dock exclaiming the title phrase to his companion
Answer: Look, Mickey! I Hooked a Big One
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Identify these novels, all of which were written by Sinclair Lewis, for ten points each.,
[10] This novel, about the inhabitants of Gopher Prairie, features the characters Will and Carol Kennicott, who notably compares Gopher Prairie to washing dishes.
Answer: Main Street
[10] Sinclair Lewis also wrote this novel, about the dystopian society inhabited by renegade journalist Doremus Jessup. The tyrant Buzz Windrip rules with Gerald Winrod.
Answer: It Can't Happen Here
[10] In this novel., the title character is an automaker who marries Fran Voelker, but eventually falls for Edith Cotright.
Answer: Dodsworth
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Answer the following about a controversial procedure, for ten points each.,
[10] This California governor signed a 1967 law that made California the first state to permit abortion "for the well-being of the mother" - a phrasing that made it possible for a sympathetic physician to give just about anyone an abortion.
Answer: Ronald Reagan
[10] This 1973 case, along with the somewhat more famous Roe v. Wade, helped overturn American anti-abortion laws. The plantiff remained anonymous, while the defendant was the Attorney General of Georgia.
Answer: Doe v. Bolton
[10] This 1976 provision, named after the Illinois congressman who proposed it, denied Medicaid funding for abortions.
Answer: Hyde Amendment
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The third movement of this composition takes music from incidental work that this composer had earlier done for a setting of the Turandot Legend. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this four movement piece, which took inspiration from the composer of Die Freischutz and Oberon and changed it.
Answer: Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber
[10] Identify the composer of Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber, who also composed Mathis der Maler.
Answer: Paul Hindemith
[10] Paul Hindemith wrote a series of works for often strange small ensembles, which went by this name. The sixth one of these is for the archaic viola d'amour.
Answer: Kammermusik (also accept Chamber Music)
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The gamma type catalyzes replication of mitochondrial DNA and has a 3'-5' exonuclease activity. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this class of enzymes that synthesizes a new strand of genetic material in the 5'-3' direction based on a complementary template.
Answer: DNA polymerases
[10] DNA polymerase catalysis uses an ion of this element. Enolase uses two cofactors of this element to stabilize negative charges in its substrate, and it also found in Grignard Reagents.
Answer: magnesium or Mg
[10] Protease subtilisin can be used to cleave the domain responsible for the 5'-3' exonuclease activity from DNA polymerase I, generating this "fragment" useful in experimental techniques.
Answer: Klenow Fragment
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This man's father Ambrosio served as the Viceroy of Chile. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this independence fighter, who joined the Logia Lautardo and served as the second Supreme Director of Chile after the Chilean War of Independence.
Answer: Bernardo O'Higgins
[10] Bernardo O'Higgins commanded the forces in the Chilean War of Independence along with this Argentine, who fought in the Battle of San Lorenzo.
Answer: Jose de San Martin
[10] Nicknamed the Sea Wolf, this Captain of the Napoleonic Wars also served in South America. His deeds include serving for the Brazilian military against the Portugese as well as basically organizing the Chilean navy.
Answer: Thomas Cochrane
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In this play, the only character, a woman known as W, sits entirely still in a rocking chair until she dies at the end. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play by Samuel Beckett, in which the dialogue comes from a prerecorded voice and recites details of the rocking woman's life and that of her mother.
Answer: Rockaby (also accept Berceuse)
[10] Samuel Beckett also wrote this play, in which Nag and Nell are immobile and depressed creatures torment Hamm and Clov.
Answer: Endgame (also accept "Fin de Partie")
[10] In the play Waiting For Godot, this character is the servant of Pozzo and has a notable speech with lines like "Qua qua qua".
Answer: Lucky
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This book asserts that laissez-faire means "mind your own business" and that "society needs first of all to be freed from these meddlers-that is, to be let alone." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify the work, whose title is asserted to be "not a damn thing" by its author, which rejects the idea that the downtrodden are that way due to social injustice.
Answer: What the Social Classes Owe Each Other
[10] Idenitfy the author of What the Social Classes Owe To Each Other, who also wrote Folkways.
Answer: William Graham Sumner
[10] William Graham Sumner also wrote this work, which contains chapters like The Financier and notes that Andrew Jackson was a Public Man.
Answer: A Monetary History of the United States
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Marin Barleti wrote the biography of this man's life, which involved killing lots of Ottoman Turks. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this man, who initially served the Ottomans and then switched sides along with 300 countrymen in a fight against Janos Hunyadi. He later defeated the Ottomans at the Siege of Berat.
Answer: Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg
[10] Skanderbeg is the national hero of this European nation, and he is known as this nation's "Dragon".
Answer: Albania
[10] Skanderbeg was able to organize the Albanian princes in this League, named for an Albanian town, which captured Dibra and Ohrid but was defeated at Kruja.
Answer: League of Lezhe
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This man painted the seminal favorite Old Woman Cooking Eggs. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Spanish artist perhaps better known for his paintings of Spanish royals and also for The Maids of Honor.
Answer: Diego Velazquez
[10] This Spanish artist from the 1600's did works like Two Trinities, Inmaculada de Soult, and Adoration of the Wise Men.
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ANSWER Bartolome Esteban Murillo,
[10] This Spanish lover of chiaroscuro painted Christ and the Virgin in the House at Nazareth and The Birth of the Virgin.
Answer: Francisco Zurbaran
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This book examines social structure through the medium of the cadets at Leoncio Prado, who come from disaparate standings. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel which contains the characters Gamboa, Alberto, and the Jaguar, which takes place in a Peruvian military academy.
Answer: The Time of the Hero
[10] The Time of the Hero was written by this man, who se other works include Who Killed Palomino Molero?, Captain Pantoja and the Special Service, and Conversations in the Cathedral.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] Mario Vargas Llosa may be the best known for this novel, in which Mario works at a radio station, which employs the title characters to produce the thirty two novellas that it produces each day.
Answer: Aunt Julian and the Scriptwriter or La Tia Julia y el escribidor
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This effect was correctly predicted based on a group theoretic proof by its two namesakes that non-linear degenerate molecules are unstable. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this effect in chemistry, a symmetry-breaking distortion experienced by the ground state orbitals of degenerate molecules.
Answer: the Jahn-Teller effect
[10] The Jahn-Teller effect is common in metal octahedral complexes because the hybrid orbitals formed from this valence orbital of a metal are rife with degeneracy. Bonds formed by overlap of two of these orbitals are known as delta bonds.
Answer: d-orbitals
[10] The Jahn-Teller effect is a rare instance in chemistry of the observable breakdown of this approximation, which states that the nucleus can be considered stationary for the purposes of calculating electron wavefunctions.
Answer: the Born-Oppenheimer approximation
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The Kwito is the largest tributary of this river which creates Lake Ngami and flows through the Moremi Game Reserve, FTPE:,
[10] Name this river which creates the Popa Falls before ending somewhere in the Kalahari Desert.
Answer: Okavango River [or Cubango River]
[10] The Okavango, along with the Kwando and Chobe rivers, forms a border of this protrusion of land owned by Namibia and named after the successor to Bismarck.
Answer: Caprivi Strip [or Itenge]
[10] The eastern border of the Caprivi Strip is formed by this fourth longest river of Africa which creates Victoria Falls.
Answer: Zambezi River

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