Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_4i4drc7afp4m126var4gp66090, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 11
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Table Rock and Caesars Head state parks are in the northwest of this state, which owns the Seabrook, Kiawah and Folly islands. It's Ashepoo, Combahee and Edisto rivers form the ACE Basin while other rivers include the Wateree, Pee Dee and Santee. With its highest point at Mount Sassafras, this state contains the large lakes Murray, Moultrie and Marion. The Savannah River forms the western border of, for 10 points, which Palmetto State whose cities include Myrtle Beach, Charleston and Columbia.
Answer: State of South Carolina
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's son, also a psychologist, wrote about cluster analysis and developed the Cognitive Ability Test with Elizabeth Hagen. This man worked with auxiliary languages in one research job, while in another, he published this The Psychology of Wants, Interests, and Attitudes. This man provided empirical support for the Halo Effect. One of this man's projects used Shakespeare and the Bible as notable sources, and in addition to that work and The Measurement of Intelligence, this man noted the tendency for creatures to attack large openings first in a more well-known work. For ten points, identify this psychologist who created some Word Books, wrote Animal Intelligence, formulated the Law of Effect, and had some namesake Puzzle Boxes.
Answer: Edward Thorndike
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This politician resisted the fallout from the Sixteenth of May disaster, and he made his name in part by opposing the colonial platform of Jules Ferry. He also supported General Boulanger in his appointment to the Cabinet of Freycinet. As premier, this politician negotiated the Cordial Alliance with England, and he founded the periodical The Free Man, which he changed to The Man in Chains. This editor of La Justice supported Emile Zola during the Dreyfus affair, publishing J'Accuse, and in his most notable position, this man argued for the dismantlement of Hungary during the negotiations that led to the Treaty of Trianon. For ten points, identify this politician, who chaired the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles and served as Prime Minister of France during World War I.
Answer: Georges Clemenceau
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A character in this novel is suprirsed by the gift of a St. Anthony medal. An old billiard player named Greffi provides the protagonist of this novel with some amusement. One character in this novel escapes a faux trial by jumping off a bridge and riding a log down the river, and he earlier had slain a man for refusing to help him move his car. Rinaldi proclaims that atheism, hedonism, and work are the only true meanings, but another character tells the protagonist that he is her religion. A nurse accuses the protagonist of this novel of brining on jaundice by drink so that he can avoid going back to the front, and later, during the retreat from Caporetto, he deserts and leave for Montreux after getting a nurse pregnant. For ten points, identify this novel about Catherine Barkely and Frederic Henry, a novel by Ernest Hemingway.
Answer: A Farewell to Arms
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man created a reclining brass head with a mysterious expression on its face known as the Sleeping Muse. A wide cylinder with two narrow cylinders composed in brass comprises this sculptor's Torso of a Young Man, while this man created several version of a curved spiral on a pedestal known as his Mademoiselle Pogany. This creator of the group sculptures The Table of Silence and The Gate of the Kiss also created Miastra and Newborn as part of a much more well-known series. This man also created a series of quadrahedral shapes stacked on top of one another as part of his Endless Column. For ten points, identify this sculptor of a series of sculptures that depict motion and were mistaken for farm implements, Bird in Space.
Answer: Constantin Brancusi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Queen Christina was present at this battle and was sunk after being riddled with bulletrs, although the other ships were scuttled and set on fire following this battle. The Petrel was instrumental in setting that and other ships on fire in the harbor after this battle, and this battle resulted in a landing at Cavite. Francis B. Randall, Chief Engineer on the McCulloch, died from a heart attack at this battle and was the only American casualty. One commander at this battle was hampered by obsolete vessels and was named Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasaron; he was fighting against the USS Olympia. For ten points, identify this naval battle of the Spanish American war, in which Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish in a body of water proximate to a Phillipine city.
Answer: Battle of Manila Bay
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Three of this god's children created four cups from one cup to pass a test, and are known as the Ribhus. Vishvakarma built a palace for this god, and prevailed upon Vishnu to teach this god humility with the help of a troop of ants. This god was subject to the curse of having 1000 vaginas placed on his body for his seduction of Ahalya, but was able to have eyes instead. This figure was forced to pass through ninety-nine fortresses to do battle with one opponent, who had stolen all the water from the world, and after this god slew Vritra he took back the water and created the world from its belly. This rider of Airavata hurls the thunderbolt Vajra. For ten points, identify this Hindu god, who leads the Devas against the Asuras.
Answer: Indra
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Patients with this disease often exhibit elevation of proinflammatory cytokines and TH-2 cytokines concentrations. Severe cases of this have been successfully treated with autologous bone marrow stem cell transplants, and the activation of type-I interferon systems has been shown to correlate with the presence and activity of this disease. Genes thought to be important to this disease are located on chromosome 6, and people with this disease always have a RUNX-1 binding site. A temporary drug-induced version of this disease can be brought about via quinidine and Phenytoin .This disease often results in irregular apoptotis, and the name is thought to be derived from the malar rash, which purportedly resembles the pattern on the face of a wolf. For ten points, identify this chronic autoimmune disease.
Answer: systemic Lupus erythematosis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist of The Trench and the Trinity also depicted two versions of the same scene, one of which was entitled Modern Migration of the Spirit and the other of which was entitled Christ Destroys His Cross. This man also painted Science and a man on his knees receiving light from heaven in Omniscience Several academically clad skeletons look on as a skeleton delivers a skeleton baby from a skeleton mother in this artist's work Gods of the Modern World, which appeard as part of this artist's series in the Dartmouth library. This artist painted the three demons encircling the title immolated figure in his circular work Man on Fire, while in a better known work, he depicted the arrival of an Aztec god. For ten points, identify his muralist who painted, The Coming of Quetzalcoatl, a Mexican.
Answer: Jose Clemente Orozco
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this writer's short stories deals with a woman who is "not a dressmaker, nor a landlady, nor a governess" and her relationship with a lawyer. In addition to "A Singular Occurance", this writer wrote the poetry collections Crisalidas and Americanas. This man wrote a sequel to his novel Esau and Jacob in a novel about the widow Rita, Ayres' Memorial. This author may be better known for a picaresque novel which features the mistress Virgilia, the insane Quincas Borba, and the unemotional title character of The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas. This author revisited the character Quincas Borba in his novel Philosopher or Dog?, but his best known novel features the characters Bento and Capitu, who are related to Santiago. For ten points, identify this author of Dom Casmurro, a Brazilian.
Answer: Joaquim Machado de Assis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Common protecting groups for this group include methoxymethyl and ethoxymethyl ethers, which are required because these groups tend to dimerize in air by mutually deprotonating and joining central atoms. Flourine-substituted acetatic acid derivatives are common media for the synthesis of compounds with this functional group from corresponding alcohols. This group can be used to selectively liberate protein residues via its namesake disulfide exchange. The ability of compounds of this group to complex heavy metals like mercury led to its alternate name, mercaptan. The simplest compound of this functional group is hydrogen sulfide; such compounds have general formula H S R. For ten points, identify this functional group that consists of a sulfur single-bonded to a hydrogen.
Answer: a thiolate (or sulfydryl; accept mercapto or mercaptan before "mercaptan" and prompt on either afterwards; prompt on SH or HS)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This war was directly preceded by the actions of the Tacuari, which attacked the Marques de Olinda. Barrosa de Silva won a naval conflict at Riachuelo, although the other side in this conflict enjoyed consecutive victories at Nioaque and Miranda, and continued on the take Coxim. This war ended after one side was ambushed at Cerro Cora, although it had begun with an important battle at Mato Grosso. Some troops in the Concordia region were commanded by Bartolome Mitre, while his oppponent's troops were commanded by Solano Lopez, and the most major engagement of this war was the Battle of Tuyuti. For ten points, identify this war between Paraguay and the title compact, which was composed of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.
Answer: War of the Triple Alliance
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel speculate that the Queen is in a limousine that she sees, and feels that she's confirmed when the limousine turns into Buckingham Palace. Another character in this novel fights for England because of William Shakespeare, and later experiences visitations from Evans, one of his war-time comrades. The title character of this novel reflects that while she married Richard, who didn't become prime minister, the prime minister came to the party which is at the center of this novel. Sir William Bradshaw attempts to cure one character of his desire for suicide, but that husband of Lucrezia jumps out the window right before a part. That character is Septimus Hardy. For ten points, identify this novel about a certain woman named Clarissa, a novel by Virginia Woolf.
Answer: Mrs. Dalloway
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A weight of the nth power of this parameter is imputed to contributions to elements of an S matrix by nth-order Feynman diagrams; thus, this number can be considered the order of expansion in perturbative quantum electrodynamics. This constant is a measure of the electron anomalous magnetic moment, which explains its role in the relativistic splitting of atomic spectral lines that is its namesake. The coupling constant for the electromagnetic interactions of electrons, it is equal to the square of the ratio of the electron and Planck charges, or, in cgs units, the electron charge squared divided by the speed of light times Dirac's constant. For ten points, name this physical constant usually denoted alpha and equal to about one over one hundred thirty-seven.
Answer: the fine structure constant (prompt on alpha)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Ludwig von Beethoven borrowed ideas from this composer for his set of variations entitled Tandeln und Scherzen'. This man was unsuccessful with his opera Moses oder der Auszug aus Agypten, although he enjoyed much more success with his work Der Spiegel von Arkadien. This composer wrote Der Marktschreyer and Solimann der Zweite on commission as part of his work for the Karntnertor. This man borrowed from another composer to complete his own Rondo For Horn, and he later composed a lachrimosa and a rondo to complete a project by that same composer after his death. . For ten points, identify this man who notably completed part of Mozart's Requiem for him.
Answer: Franz Xavier Sussmayr
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One Canadian court case involving these is R. v. Big M Drug Mart Ltd, in which their version was stuck down. In a court case involving these, their opposition claimed that they violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, although in McGowan v. Maryland, they were upheld. Samuel Peters wrote generally about these in his General History of Connecticut, in which he contended that their name does not derive from the word bloody, and the Puritans would use these as justification to punish the parents of any child born on a Sunday. For ten points, identify these laws which attempted to enforce moral standards on the Sabbath, apocryphally named for the color of paper they were printed on.
Answer: Blue Laws
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Under Coach Craig Howard, this player scored a fourth quarter touchdown to tie the game against St. Augustine Pedro Menendez on a twenty-nine yard play, with a shattered fibula, and on a touchdown play to begin the second half of a 45 to 12 blowout of his rival, this man fractured his right hand, but continued to play anyway. Widely remembered for an action involving Tate Casey and Louis Murphy in which he made two pump fakes before completing a one yard jump pass for a touchdown, this player became the first in NCAA history to rush and pass for at least twenty touchdowns in a single season. Serving as second string to Chris Leak while a freshman, for 10 points, name this Florida Gators quarterback who, in 2007, became the first sophomore to win the Heisman Trophy.
Answer: Timothy Richard Tebow
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The eighth of these poems, which is dedicated to Rudolph Kassner, expresses the poet's believe in a "nowhere without no", which animals look toward and humans look away from. In the sixth of these, the poet advances his view htat a hero is one for whom life is always beginning. This poetry collection praises Gaspara Sampa, who is lifted up as an example of someone who died young. The fifth of these was inspired by a Picasso painting of acrobats. Another poem in this collection, the tenth, portray the City of Pain, which includes horrible things like "Life-Death". The first of these poems begins "Who, if I cried out, would hear me among the angels' hierarchies?" For ten points, identify this set of poems that utilize imagery of angels and which were written near a titular castle, the most famous work by Erich Maria Rilke.
Answer: The Duino Elegies
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
February 26 marks this religion's holiday of Savior's Day, devoted to a man who disappeared mysteriously, possibly returning to his native New Zealand. This religion once published a guide for its adherents called How to Eat to Live, and their official newspaper is The Final Call. A central tenet of this group's theology is derived from their interpretation of Ezekiel 1. That belief in the so-called Mother Wheel or Mother Plane is perhaps not as ridiculous as their insistence that the evil scientist Dr. Yakub created all non-black races on the island of Patmos. For ten points, name this bunch of crazies founded by Wallace Fard Muhammad and currently led by Louis Farrakhan.
Answer: Nation of Islam
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The set of these entities has its number of diffeomorphism classes bounded by Cheeger's fitness theorem. The Hopf-Rinow theorem can be considered a generalization of the Heine-Borel theorem applicable to these complete examples of these objects. One type of these mathematical objects is a complexificaton of a real field in which these objects' namesake metric is combined with a complex-preserving structure; both the structure and object are then named for Kahler. The bishop's inequality bounds the volume of balls in these structures, which, according to Campbell's theorem, can be embedded in a flat space of iterated dimensionality. For ten points, identify these mathematical objects, spaces with a metric tensor in which every point has an Euclidean neighborhood, which are generalized surfaces and which are named for a German mathematician.
Answer: Riemannian manifolds [promp on manifolds]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Late in dynastic history, a strong cult of this god was established at Khnum, while this god was sometimes said to be the consort of Astennu. This god was notable for intervening in battles of good and evil to heal the injured party so that neither could overtake the other. This god, who spoke the words that created all of heaven and earth, also gambled with the moon to win five more days to make the year three hundred and sixty five days long, after which he created its calendar. This god, who was sometimes regarded as the monkey A'an, was in charge of deciding when the scales of a heart outweighed the feather of Ma'at, and he was also ascribed the creation of magic. For ten points, identify this ibis-headed Egyptian deity of writing.
Answer: Thoth
 
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 11
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Digya National Park, as well as the cities of Kete Krachi and Yapei, lie on its shores while the Dodi, Kporve and Dwarf islands lie in this, FTPE:,
[10] Name this body of water formed by the Akosombo Dam, the largest reservoir in the world.
Answer: Lake Volta
[10] Lake Volta lies in the center of this African nation, once known as the Gold Coast, whose cities include Tamale, Kumasi and Accra.
Answer: Republic of Ghana
[10] This lake, the only natural one in Ghana, was believed to be sacred by the Ashanti as one of their legends tells of the hunter Akora Bompe who chased an antelope into it.
Answer: Lake Bosumtwi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character fo this novel comes upon a group of men led by Arroyo right after it has liberated a bunch of land held by the Mirandas family. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel , in which the title character works for the Hearst newspaper syndicate. Other characters include Harriet Winslow, who's in charge of the Mirandas children.
Answer: The Old Gringo (also accept El Gringo Viejo)
[10] The Old Gringo is a novel by this man, who's also well-known for writing Aura and Christopher Unborn.
Answer: Carlos Fuentes
[10] Carlos Fuentes may be still better known for writing this novel about the titular old man, whose convinced that his family hates him and feels no regret for his misdeeds.
Answer: The Death of Artemio Cruz (Also accept "El Muerte de Artemio Cruz")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's namesake theorem states that the time derivative of the expectation value of a quantum observable is the expectation value of the commutator of the observable with the energy over i h-bar. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this Austro-Dutch physicist who classified phase transitions according to the degree of singularity in the free energy.
Answer: Paul Ehrenfest
[10] Paul Ehrenfest named this issue with the classical blackbody spectrum as given by Rayleigh-Jeans law, the fact that it diverges with frequency. The first word of this description is now used to describe any such issue.
Answer: ultraviolet catastrophy (prompt on Rayleigh-Jeans catastrophy)
[10] The one of these named for Ehrenfest uses a rapidly spinning disc and points out that the notion of length in special relativity is difficult to define in rotating coordinate systems.
Answer:
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's sister notably married Raoul of Vermandois. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ruler of 12th century England, who claimed that Henry I changed his mind on his deathbed and named this only ruler from the House of Blois to be his successor.
Answer: Stephen of Blois
[10] That claim got Stephen of Blois into hot water with this woman, who a civil war over his claim. This wife of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, was supported by most of the Barons. Both she and Stephen were involved in fighting The Anarchy.
Answer: Empress Matilda (or Maude)
[10] After Stephen's heir Eustace died, he reached a treaty with Maude named for this place, which stated that her heir would succeed Stephen to the throne.
Answer: Treaty of Wallingford
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This character's recurring fatalities include utilizing his eye laser to burn his opponent to death, in addition to ripping their still beating heart out. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this nemesis of Sonya and Jax from the Mortal Kombat series, whose other moves include throwing a knife and performing a cannonball attack.
Answer: Kano
[10] A character in the Mortal Kombat series wanted to fight Kano so badly that he agreed to eliminate this new blind swordsman, who can utilize psychic attacks in battle.
Answer: Kenshi
[10] While Kenshi was dying, he was found by this ubiquitous Mortal Kombat character, whose moves include freezing projectiles and creating ice clones of himself. His traditional nemesis is Scorpion, and he had his own videogame on the N64.
Answer: Sub-Zero
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The protagonist of this novel is sent to the country Ishmaelia to serve as a correspondent for the incipient civil war there. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel, in which William Boot is mistaken for a novelist of the same name.
Answer: Scoop
[10] Scoop is a novel by this man, who also wrote Vile Bodies and Brideshead Revisited.
Answer: Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh
[10] Evelyn Waugh also wrote this novel, in which Tony and Lady Brenda Last lose their marriage after John Beaver comes to the abbey that Tony is restoring and has an affair with Lady Brenda.
Answer: A Handful of Dust
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man wrote a rhapsody based on a Gogol work, Taras Bulba. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this composer of the cantata Amarus, in addition to the operas Jenufa and From the House of the Dead.
Answer: Leos Janacek
[10] Leos Janacek may be best known for this opera, based on a Capek work, which features the characters Albert and Emily.
Answer: Vec Makropulos (also accept The Makrapulous Affair or The Makrapulous Secret)
[10] Leos Janacek also composed this opera which was based on a comic strip. Bystrouška, is the title character, and other characters include Frantik, Chocholka, and the Badger.
Answer: The Cunning Little Vixen
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pseudonyms used by the authors of these papers include Cato and Brutus. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these papers, collected by Martin Borden, which attempted to counter the arguments put forth by Publius in his own papers.
Answer: The Anti-Federalist Papers
[10] This governor of New York and Vice President for Jefferson and Madison used the pseudonym Cato.
Answer: George Clinton
[10] Some of the Anti-Federalist papers were produced by Centinel, the pen name of this Pennsylvanian author whose chief objection was the inherent elitism in the Consitution.
Answer: Samuel Bryan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about brain chemistry for ten points each.,
[10] Resulting from the selectivity of tight junctions between endothelial cells in central nervous system vessels, this metabolic and cellular structure restricts the passage of some substances between blood and neural tissue.
Answer: blood-brain barrier
[10] This condition is caused by the presence of protozoa in brain tissue. It is thought that those protozoa gain entry through the choroid plexus. There is a human African version and a variant named for a Brazilian infectologist.
Answer: trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness or Chagas Disease
[10] The choroid plexus, found on the brain's ventricles, contains ependymal cells that produce this liquid. A component of the central nervous system, it is the target of spinal taps.
Answer: cerebrospinal fluid or CSF
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man was the brother of King Polydectes of Seriphos, who had exiled him into becoming a fisherman to keep him from challenging for the throne. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this man, who was made king after Polydectes was slain by a hero.
Answer: Dictys
[10] Dictys rescued this woman, the daughter of King Acrisius, who was impregnated by Zeus in the form of a golden shower. Interestingly, she may have founded the city of Ardea.
Answer: Danae
[10] Danae was the mother of this famous hero, who used a mirrored shield to kill the Medus and then killed Polydectes, setting Dictys up as the king.
Answer: Perseus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man had a terrible feud with Japanese contemporary philosopher Tomonobu Imamichi. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this philosopher who wrote Philosophical Apprenticeships and wrote about the analogy between art and text in their aesthetic effects in The Relevance of the Beautiful.
Answer: Hans-Georg Gadamer
[10] Hans-Georg Gadamer is probably the best known for this book, which denies that objectivity exists and shows its heavy influence of hermeneutics.
Answer: Truth and Method
[10] Gadamer and Imamichi were feuding about the concept of Dasein, which is taken from this philosopher's work. This philosopher wrote Being and Time.
Answer: Martin Heidegger
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Some of the ideas behind this program were based on the rather flawed biological theories of Trofim Lysenko. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this modernization program started by Chairman Mao, which put a scrap metal forge in every backyard.
Answer: The Great Leap Forward
[10] Major problems in the Great Leap Forward happened when a bunch of locusts showed up to eat everyone's food because of this campaign, which killed all of their predators.
Answer: Great Sparrow Campaign
[10] Zhou Enlai met with Richard Nixon and signed this agreement, which began the process of normalizing US-China relations by agreeing that it was necessary.
Answer: Shanghai Communique
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An alternative to this is the Kohi reaction, which can use lead acetate and lithium halide instead of its more common reagents. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this reaction, which can be performed with mercuric oxide, but which usually creates halides from silver salts. It's named a husband-and-wife team of German chemists and sometimes a Russian composer.
Answer: the Hunsdiecker-Borodin reaction (prompt on Borodin reaction)
[10] The silver compounds used in the Hunsdiecker reaction are salts of this type of organic compound, a proton donor containing a carbon double-bonded to an oxygen and single-bonded to a hydroxide and to a functional carbon.
Answer: a carboxylic acid
[10] A silver salt is also used in the cis-hydroxylation of olefins discovered by this chemist, who is the first namesake of a set of rules for predicting pericyclic reaction stereochemistry based on conservation of orbital symmetry.
Answer: Robert Burns Woodward (prompt on Woodward-Hoffmann rules)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this novel, Bernard Belgrave expresses his desire to take over the Texas government. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel which supposes that there's a shadow African-American government based in Waco, Texas. Other characters include Belton Piedmont, who gets executed.
Answer: Imperium in Imperio
[10] Identify the author of Imperium in Imperio, who also wrote The Hindered Hand.
Answer: Sutton Griggs
[10] Identify this other prominent African-American novel, written by Charles Chesnutt, which focuses on the competition between Tom Delamere and Lee Ellis, who are competing for the attention of Olivia's niece Clara.
Answer: The Marrow of Tradition
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
First verifiably observed in the Twin Quasar, this process is explained by general relativity as light following the non-straight geodesics around an object. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this effect in which electromagnetic radiation is bent by mass.
Answer: gravitational lensing (prompt on lensing)
[10] The square of this fundamental length scale for gravitational lensing is given by 4 G M over c squared times d L S over d L times d S, where G is the universal gravitational constant, M is the lens mass, c is the speed of light, d L S is the lens-to-source distance, d L is the lens distance, and d S is the source distance.
Answer: the Einstein radius (prompt on r-sub-Einstein)
[10] Gravitational lensing is one way to search for these hypothetical dark matter components, small assemblies of baryonic matter that drift through the spherical region on the periphery of a galaxy.
Answer: massive compact halo objects
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title entity of this work is described as ruled by symbol and rituatl, not by force. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this study of a Balinese kingdom, which applied its author's pioneering concepts of thick description and deep play to analyze the culture.
Answer: Negara: The Theater State
[10] This author of After the Fact, Local Knowledge, and Peddleres and Princes wrote Negara, in addition to The Interpretation of Cultures.
Answer: Clifford Geertz
[10] Clifford Geertz expounded his concept of deep play by thickly describing an event of this type in the Balinese islands.
Answer: a cockfight (accept synonyms)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This group was primarily formed to combat the efforts of Frederick Barbarossa in Italy. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this group which included Milan, Mantua, and Brescia, named for an area in Northern Italy, and which forced Frederick to sign the Piece of Venice.
Answer: The Lombard League
[10] Fought directly after the negations at Montebello, this battle saw the Lombard League forces under Alberto Giussano decisively defeat Frederick's forces.
Answer: Battle of Legnano
[10] Frederick promulgated his claim to Italian power at this meeting near Piacenza, which featured a bunch of lawyers declaring that his rule was the result of divine justice.
Answer: Diet of Roncaglia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Most of this painting is blue, with pale pink rectangles at the top and at the bottom. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this paitning with a couple of birdlike creatures which comprise the title automations. One of them appears to be swallowing a fish.
Answer: Twittering Machine
[10] Another work by Paul Klee is this one, composed of a bunch of tiny dots, which depicts the sun rising over the title mountain, which is represented by two lines.
Answer: Ad Parnassum
[10] A third Paul Klee work is this bronze one, which depicts a bi-plane with a tortured looking head on top of it. A humanoid creature is at the bottom left of the biplane, and is presumably giving the title command.
Answer: Dance, Monster, to my Soft Song
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This writer's first novel was O Pais do Carnival. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Brazilian writer, who also wrote Caucau, Suor, and Dona Flor's Two Husbands.
Answer: Jorge Amado
[10] Jorge Amado is probably more well-known for writing this novel , in which the title character has a relationship with Nacib Saad. The rest of the novel focuses on the struggle between the cacao growers and Mundinho Falcao.
Answer: Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
[10] Another novel by Jorge Amado is this one, in which the title character returns to Bahia after a stint in Sao Paulo.
Answer: Tieta, the Goat Girl
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The story of Yima is included in one part of these religious texts, which are frequently paired with a book of commentary entitled the "Zend." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these religious texts of Zoroastrianism.
Answer: The Avestas
[10] This section of the Avetsas is where most of the liturgy happens, and sections of it are known as Ha-iti. The Gathas are part of this section, which is accompanied by the Visperad.
Answer: The Yasna
[10] After the Visperad in the Avesta is this section, which will tell you all you need to know about confronting various demons and how to get rid of them.
Answer: Vendidad

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_4i4drc7afp4m126var4gp66090, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0