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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 10
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The playwright of this play appears and sings a song which tells the audience what a fine dramatist he is and how foolish the Athenians were to let Cleon have power. After that song, a brief debate between Right Logic and Wrong Logic takes place. One character in this play threatens to beat his mother after beating his father, convinced that his father had beat him for his own good. Another character in this play sets fire to a school after deciding that its teachings were harmful to the youth of the city. After denouncing his son as a wastrel, one character in this play enters a school and attempts to learn logic to confuse his creditors. For ten points, identify this play about the Thinkery, Pheidippides and his father Strepsiades, a comedy by Aristophanes.
Answer: The Clouds
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In a videogame appearance , this man claims that "I almost never appear in this series", which he swiftly follows with "of events that constitutes your lives." In a story narrated by this man, Homer has cause to note that he has great ass-suction. This man takes naked photos of Selma and Patty. After being shot down because a woman does not want her pet to attend "some snooty boarding school", he asks for spare change. This owner of a school for lobsters gets sued for kicking a man out of his restaurant before he's eaten all that he can eat, after which that man's wife requests food from Red Lobster, to which this man replies "That's not a good restaurant." The owner of The Frying Dutchman, for ten points, identify this character from The Simpsons, known for his trademark "Yar!"
Answer: The Sea Captain or Horatio McAlister or Captain McAlister
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The composer of this piece later set the Agnus Dei to its music. The initial melody of this piece is restated by a lower-registered instrument, but transposed down a fifth, and is heard again in the middle section of this piece, which restates it in middle-volume cello. This piece has a coda marked by sad chords in the bass, and the melody is inverted, which leads up to the first five notes of this piece being restated slowly as the last. Marked "molto adagio espr. Cantando", this piece has a notable fortissimo climax in the highest registers of the instruments that it is scored for, and shortly after, it fades into dead silence. This piece is adapted from the first movement of the composer's earlier String Quartet Number One. For ten points, identify this "saddest ever" piece of classical music for string orchestra, which was written by Samuel Barber.
Answer: Adagio for Strings
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This man's mansion has been appropriated to serve as an administrative building for Liberty University. He opposed the nomination of Floyd Roberts, and gained his office by being appointed to fill the vacancy left when Thomas Martin died. This man, who served as President Pro Tem during World War II, succeeded William MacAdoo in another of his offices. Woodrow Wilson's Treasury Secretary, this man directly opposed New Deal policies in the Senate. This author of the Federal Reserve Act also served as the Chairman of the Appropriations Committee. This man's best known legislation created the FDIC and separated banks from securities brokers. For ten points, identify this man who co-authored that banking legislation with Steagall, a Senator from Virginia.
Answer: Carter Glass
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A power series expansion of this quantity in even powers of frequency is one of several Cauchy's equations. When this quantity lies it the upper half of an Argand diagram, the corresponding material is evanescent, and each of its parts can be found from the other via a relation derived from causality and named for Kramers and Kronig. The path-length integral of this property is stationary according to Fermat's principle and it can vary with applied electric field according to the Pockels effect. Its square is equal in general to the product of the relative permeability and relative permittivity of an optical medium. For ten points, identify this dimensionless quantity, the coefficient of the trigonometric functions in Snell's law.
Answer: index of refraction (or refractive index; prompt on n)
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Elevated levels of homocystine have been shown to induce this, and this condition often manifests in transplant patients resulting from antibody response. Promotion of graft expression of anti-apoptotic genes in transplant patients have been shown to prevent the variety of this that results from dead cell accumulation, termed an "atheroma." The hyaline variant of this condition results from buildup of glassy, non-cellular material in the afflicted tissue, and Monckeberg's type of this disease results from calcium buildup in the middle wall of the blood vessels. For ten points, identify this condition exhibited by the hardening of blood vessels.
Answer: arteriosclerosis
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This poet asserts that "the gall we drink/ Is not the mead we cry for" in a poem in which he notes that "it was not a thing to die for", which occurs after a wife hits her husband with a riding crop. In another poem, this poet describes a doctor on trial for euthanizing a man named Annandale. This poet of "The Whip" and "How Annendale Went Out" also describes the situation of a woman after her suitor dies in "Eros Turannos". His collections, such as The Torrent and the Night Before and Captain Craig were published after his dramatic works, which include Van Zorn. This poet wrote about "a child of scorn" who "wept that he was ever born" because "he had reasons". This poet of The Children of the Night and Tristam also wrote about "a gentleman from sole to crown" who "glittered when he walked" and "put a bullet through his head" one calm summer night. For ten points, identify this poet of "Miniver Cheevy" and "Richard Corey".
Answer: Edwin Arlington Robinson
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This philosopher's ideas were criticized in the book The Closing of the American Mind. This man created an argument which claims that all cognitive theories are meaningless, known as his namesake "Regress", and he collected his short essays in Dilemmas. This man coined an idea in which each idea of a statement "tugs" on other ideas in the statement, which he coined "implication threads", and idea which came about after he wrote Plato's Progress. Clifford Geertz borrowed an idea that this philosopher described in "The Thinking of Thoughts". In his most famous book, this man notably criticized Cartesian dualism, which he termed "The Ghost in the Machine." For ten points, identify this proponent of ordinary language philosophy, perhaps best known for his work The Concept of Mind.
Answer: Gilbert Ryle
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The Circumcellions formed a militant branch of the adherents of this belief, which began their persecution. Majorinus, After this set of beliefs were re-adopted by their holders, a story held that dogs that were fed the Eucharist became infuriated and attacked their masters. After the defeat of Firmus, a holder of these beliefs, Valentinian passed a series of laws against them. The adherents of this belief were fond of shouting "Laudes Deo."Maximianus, and twice Primian served as bishops that promoted this set of beliefs, and the controversy over them was sparked by Felix of Aptunga's ordination of Mensurius's successor, Caecilianus, as bishop of Carthage. For ten points, identify this heresy which was named for a Berber and which held that sacraments administered by an impure priest were invalid.
Answer: Donatism
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One of this group of people was said to have a "complexion like that of pure gold" and be "possessed of a prominent nose and large eyes," and this group of people built the city Indrapasha after fighting the battle of Kurukshetra. One antagonist of this group of people tried to get them into the Ekacakra, where he intended to burn them to death, and their father was killed after he had sex with his wives due to a curse. This group of people was opposed by a group led by the son of Dretarast and Ghandari, Duryodhan, who had 98 younger brothers. All of these men were married to Draupadi, and this group of people, the sons of Kunti and Madri, are comprised of Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva. For ten points, identify this group of people who were the sons of Pandu.
Answer: Pandavas (also accept "sons of Pandu" until mention)
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In this novel, Fedina is tortured in prison, and her baby starves to death in her arms.The two thugs Vasquez and Rodas help one character perform a kidnapping in this novel, while another character is tortured by rumors that his wife has become a cruel man's mistress after he was arrested on the way to Washington, D.C. This novel begins when Colonel Sonriente shouts "Mother!" in the ears of a homeless man who goes by the Zany, causing him to kill Sonriente, although Miguel Angel Face blames that murder on someone else. One character in this novel saves a beggar from a buzzard, and that character later marries Camila Canales, the daughter of General Don Juan. For ten points, identify this novel about the titular head of state, which was written by Miguel Asturias.
Answer: El Senor Presidente (also accept "Mister President", I guess)
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One potential issue with these objects can be obviated with the tortoise-and-hare algorithm or Floyd's circle-finding algorithm, which is a linear-time procedure for finding loops. The amortized runtime for most operations on these structures can be reduced by building an array on each container, or by building-up from one of these a multi-level parallel series of them; those are the techniques of unrolling and skip creation. If the ends of these are protected with self-referential containers called sentinels, they are not prone to cause addressing faults, which usually result from moving past the end. Uni-directional iterators were created to work with these data structures, which are commonly implemented as objects containing a value and a pointer to an object of the same kind. For ten points, name these data structures idealized as series of chained nodes.
Answer: linked lists (prompt on lists)
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Part of this incident took place at Cliveden, a house owned by Lord Astor, and this incident was nicknamed "Bowtie" by the FBI. Stephen Ward committed suicide after this event rather than face charges for a related crime, and another part of this event took place at a London tavern called Murray's. The namesake of this incident was replaced in his post by John Ramsden, and George Wigg first mentioned this in the records during a debate about William Vassall. One participant in this event was the lover of Eugene Ivanov, Russian spy. For ten points, identify this 1963 incident, in which Harold McMillan's government was disgraced when his Minister for War had an affair with Christine Keeler, showgirl.
Answer: The Profumo Affair
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Lady Alute attained notoriety for acting as a spy and a favorite of this ruler. This ruler made an example of Qingying and Guiqing by executing them for cowardice, and was also notable for rejecting the slow cutting method of execution in favor of beheadings. This enemy of Zaiyuan and Duanhua spent time in Rehe, and participated in the Xinhou coup. This ruler allied with Dong and Chun to interfere with the council of ministers headed by Sushun and came to power after the death of the Xianfeng emperor. This ruler was in power during the Second Opium War. For ten points, identify this aunt of the Guangxu emperor and mother of the Tongzhi Emperor, who exercised control over the Qing dynasty for almost 40 years.
Answer: Cixi, Western Dowager Empress (accept either underlined part)
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In one of this man's works, he argues that an event in the eighteenth century caused a major shift in thinking, which caused industrialism to produce many of the title concepts. This author of The Story of Utopias and Values for Survival also wrote a book in which he drew a contrast between the mono and poly versions of the title concept, which are differentiated by their utilization to solve human problems. This author of Art and Technics and Technics and Civilization also wrote a work in which he praised the clock as a machine that produced time and talked about the concept of megamachines, which are run by Eichmanns. This man favorably compared medieval communities to Roman communities and argued that urban planning should emphasize organic relationships in his most well-known work. For ten points, identify this sociologist who wrote The Myth in the Machine and The City in History.
Answer: Lewis Mumford
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One character in this poem rejoices at being given the "power to dream deliciously", and is earlier described as "Brain-sick". In the third book, the title character of this poem helps Glaucus reanimate dead lovers and change himself into a youth again. After the title character falls in love with an Indian Woman, he mounts a flying horse with her and ends up in the Cave of Quietude, and he had previously ridden a giant eagle. The title character of this poem tells his sister Peona about a dream he had, and notes that he's looking for "love immortal". This long poem begins with the line "A thing of beauty is a joy forever", and the moon goddess Cynthia falls in love with the hero. For ten points, identify this epic poem about a certain hero from Greek Myth, a work by John Keats.
Answer: Endymion
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These compounds are commonly used as complements for quaternary ammonium salts in phase transfer catalysis. Initially synthesized by the linking of hydroxyl groups on multiple catecholes by Pedersen, these compounds have a naming scheme in which the number of ring atoms is followed by their common name, which is followed in turn by the number of oxygens. The Aza- form of these molecules has an amine group displacing an oxygen as exemplified by cyclen. These heterocyclic ring compounds are comprised of several residues having general formula R O R-prime. For ten points, name these molecules that are best known for their ability to stably complex metal cations in their centers and that are comprised of several ethers.
Answer: crown ethers
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Its Old Snow range has its highest point at Mount Bugatet, and this mountain range extends to the Cape of Crosses. Containing the Somport Pass and Aran Valley, its highest peak is usually ascended from the Refuge of the Recluse and was first climbed by Palton Chikhachev. Featuring Gavarnie Falls and the Ordesa Valley, its peaks include Posets and Mount Perdido. The Cantabrian Mountains are an extension of this range, which is the source of the Garonne and Ebro rivers. With its highest point at Aneto, for 10 points, name this mountain range containing Andorra which separates France and Spain.
Answer: Pyrenees
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Internal dissent over wars against Holstein were a point of dissention within this group, because one member frequently exported iron to that region. A meeting at Arboga declared the leader of the Englebrecht Rebellion the ruler of this entity, which was formally ended by the Convention of Moss. Actions of Sten Sture and Gustave Trolle led to the Stockholm Bloodbath in this, and it was opposed by Albrecht of Mecklenburg as well as the Hanseatic League. United under Eric of Pomerania, for 10 points, name this creation of Margaret I which was dissolved by Gustav Vasa, an amalgamation of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Answer: The Kalmar Union
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This artist created illustrations for The Crisis and Opportunity and also for James Johnson's God's Trombones. This creator of Dance Magic also illustrated works of Paul Morand with his series Black Magic. This artist created a work which shows a green gap between two orange masses with a standing saxophone player entitled Song of the Towers, while he also depicted three shadowy figures on a lavender background beholding a shining city in his work Aspiration. Those two works were part of a larger series of murals that debuted at the Schomburg Center, Aspects of Negro Life. For ten points, identify this important figure in the Harlem Renaissance, the father of African American art.
Answer: Aaron Douglas
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The leader who lost the most from this battle was not even present on the scene, having withdrawn southward several weeks beforehand. The Earl of Salisbury, commander of the left flank of the allied side, was decisively beaten and captured early on, while the Flemish knights on the right wing were only slowly beaten back. Reginald of Boulogne made a heroic last stand in the center with a force of pikemen after the Imperial Eagle standard had been captured and Otto IV had fled the field. Earning the victors control of the entirety of northwestern France, FTP, identify this victory for Phillip II that forced King John to leave his hiding spot in Aquitaine and go face the music at Runnymeade.
Answer: Battle of Bouvines
 
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 10
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The fundamental theorem of this field of mathematics states that, if the convolution of an unknown function with a namesake arbitrary function is zero, then the unknown function is in fact zero. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this type of branch of math in which the aforementioned fundamental theorem is used to derive the central Euler-Lagrange equations.
Answer: the calculus of variations (or variational calculus)
[10] The usual object of the calculus of variations is to find functions that extremize these entities, mappings from sets of functions to the real numbers. The definite integral is one common example of these.
Answer: functionals
[10] If the integrand for a definite integral functional is independent of the independent variable, this equation provides a first integral of the resulting Euler-Lagrange equation.
Answer: the Beltrami identity
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The Hatgyi Dam has been proposed along this waterway and its tributaries include the Pai and Moei rivers, FTPE:,
[10] Name this Asian river which begins in the Yunnan province of China and flows into the Indian Ocean near Moulmein.
Answer: Salween River [or Nujiang River; or Thanlwin River]
[10] The Salween River roughly forms the eastern border of this nation whose main waterway is the Irrawaddy River and whose cities include Mandalay and Rangoon.
Answer: Union of Myanmar [or Burma]
[10] The Salween empties into this branch of the Bay of Bengal which borders Thailand and Myanmar.
Answer: Andaman Sea
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This man cooperated with the British and the United States under Operation Ajax. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ruler of Iran, who attempted to replace another ruler with Fazlollah Zahedi and who was forced to leave his country after that plan failed.
Answer: Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
[10] This is the Prime Minister who Pahlavi tried to replace with Fazlollah Zahedi, who attempted to nationalize oil
Answer: Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh
[10] This is the American man who Pahlavi worked with to attempt to conduct Operation Ajax.
Answer: Kermit Roosevelt
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The narrator of this book considers it important that he work on his bantering skills. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Kazuo Ishiguro novel in which the butler Stevens remembers working for his old master Lord Darlington and goes to visit Miss Kenton.
Answer: The Remains of the Day
[10] Kathy H. is a clone who is ultimately destined to give up her organs in this novel by Kazuo Ishiguro. It also focuses on the clones Tommy and Ruth.
Answer: Never Let Me Go
[10] Kazuo Ishiguro also wrote this novel, in which Masuji Ono is a former painter of propaganda posters who must confront the shame that his now unpopular work brings.
Answer: An Artist of the Floating World
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This work is divided into four papers, including On the Characteristics or Total Instituions and The Medical Model and Mental Hospitalization. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work, in which he argues that the title entities institutionalize their patients or inmates, and note the effort involved in maintaining the guard-captor relationship.
Answer: Asylums
[10] Asylums is a work by this sociologist, who also wrote Stigma, and Frame Analysis.
Answer: Erving Goffman
[10] Goffman is probably best known for this work, which explores his concepts of dramaturgy and views all interactions as the product of acting.
Answer: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
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Identify these treaties between the United States and Great Britain, for ten points each.,
[10] This treaty ended the War of 1812, but news failed to reach the combatants of the Battle of New Orleans.
Answer: Treaty of Ghent
[10] This treaty established the border between The Lake of the Woods and Lake Superior, in addition to fixing the border between the United States and Canada, in addition to banning slave trading on the high seas.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton Treaty
[10] The 1817 treaty demilitarized the Great Lakes, and was negotiated by the acting Secretary of State. It was extended in 1871 by the Treaty of Washington.
Answer: Rush-Bagot Treaty
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This piece of art was created on the commission of Francis I. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this cast-gold creation which depicts Neptune and Ceres to represent the Sea and the Earth. It's small enough to fit comfortably in the hand, and in addition to gold utilizes ivory and enamel.
Answer: La Saliera (or the "Salt Cellar or Salt Shaker)
[10] The Salt Cellar was the creation of this Italian sculptor, who also created a depiction of Perseus with the Head of Medusa.
Answer: Benvennuto Cellini
[10] Cellini also depicted this scene from mythology on a coin. It also titles a painting by Cy Twombly and an especially elaborate depiction by Corregio.
Answer: Leda and the Swan
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He called for a boycott of Nelly's album Nellyville, claiming Nelly's style sounded like an NSYNC commercial.,
[10] Identify this Bronx rapper, known as the Blastmaster, who claims to have a record of knocking out the frauds in a second on "My Philosophy."
Answer: KRS-One [accept Laurence Krisna "Kris" Parker]
[10] KRS-One was the most influential member of this group, which included DJ Scott La Rock, D-Nice, and Ms. Melodie.
Answer: Boogie Down Productions [prompt on BDP]
[10] On "Elementary", KRS-One used this six-word phrase to spell out what KRS-One stood for.
Answer: "Knowledge Reigns Supreme Over Nearly Everyone"
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Identify these plays, all of which were written by Edward Albee, for ten points each.,
[10] This famous play by Albee is about a house party, which includes games like "Get the Guest". Characters include George, Martha, and Honey.
Answer: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
[10] In this play, A is an old woman with Alzheimer's, B is A's caretaker, and C is a representative of a law firm. A regrets her gay son's estrangement, but he returns, says nothing, and leaves.
Answer: Three Tall Women
[10] This play opens with the Cardinal and the Lawyer recalling their school days upon hearing the news that the title character wants to give $100 million to the church annually. In the third act, the character Julian is seduced by the title character and describes his equestrian habits in terms of sex.
Answer: Tiny Alice
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The square of this quantity is inversely proportional to a similar quantity named for Bjerrum. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this physical quantity that appears as the denominator of an exponent with numerator distance in a factor modifying Coulomb's law for a quasineutral ensemble of charges.
Answer: the Debye-Huckel screening length
[10] The most familiar such quasineutral ensemble is this so-called fourth state of matter, which can be obtained by heating gasses to breakdown, as in the Sun.
Answer: plasma
[10] The Debye length also appears in the fundamental equation of this theory of colloids, which gives the potential between two charges in a colloid as the kinetic temperature times the charge state squared times the Bjerrum length over the separation times e to the negative Debye length times separation times a quadratic factor.
Answer: the Derjaugin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory of colloids
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Phineas Riall served on the British side of this battle, which was fought around Fort George. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this battle, the bloodiest of the War of 1812, which was fought near Niagara Falls and which pitted Winfield Scott and Jacob Brown against Gordon Drummond.
Answer: Battle of Lundy's Lane
[10] General Van Rensselaer attacked the village for which this battle is named, at which Isaac Brock was killed. The Americans were defeated as a result of being unable to get most of their forces across the Niagara River.
Answer: Battle of Queenston Heights
[10] This British night attack on the American encampment resulted in the capture of John Chandler and William Winder, in addition to forcing the Americans back to the Niagara River.
Answer: Battle of Stoney Creek
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Plants with this type of metabolism fix carbon dioxide during the night and store it as malate, then release CO2 during the day. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this carbon fixation pathway in plants like pineapple, first observed in the Crassulacean family of succulents.
Answer: CAM photosynthesis or Crassulacean acid metabolism
[10] During the night part of the cycle, this three-carbon molecule combines with CO2 to form oxaloacetate via its namesake carboxylase.
Answer: PEP or phosphoenolpyruvate
[10] In CAM plants, these structures remain tightly closed during the day to prevent water loss. They are formed by a pair of guard cells responsible for regulating the size of the opening.
Answer: stomata
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One of this man's dramas satirizes American racism and is entitled The Respectful Prostitue, while in another, he presented Zeus as a decaying God. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this French author of The Flies.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
[10] Sartre also wrote this work, in which Estelle, Garcin, and Inez must share a room furnished in the Second Empire style.
Answer: No Exit (also accept Huis Clos)
[10] Another Sartre work is this one, set in Illyria, in which Hugo Barine is told by the party to assassinate Hoederer. Another character is his wife Jessica.
Answer: Dirty Hands (also accept Les Mains Sales)
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Some of this early Impressionist's works include At the Milliner's and Woman with Chrysanthemums. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this man who portrayed a spaced out woman in L'Absinthe, but may be better known for portraying ballets in paintings like The Dance Class.
Answer: Edgar Degas
[10] Another early Impressionist painter was this man, who flirted with and rejected pointillism while painting two women in The Garden of Pontoise, in addition to Hay Harvest at Eragny.
Answer: Camille Pissaro
[10] This other Early Impressionist mostly worked in landscapes, painting things like Early Snows at Louveciennes, Lane Near a Small Town, and Footbridge at Argenteuil.
Answer: Alfred Sisley
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Parshvanath and Mahavira are considered to be the last of these two beings. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these adherents to the Jain religion, who have already rediscovered their dharma.
Answer: tirthankaras
[10] Tirthankaras are especially in touch with this element of the Jain religion, which refers to the individual soul.
Answer: jiva
[10] The first of the Jain tirthankaras was this man, who went by the title Adinatha, and who had 101 sons, including Bharat and Bahubali.
Answer: Rishabha
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This poem begins by associating trees with images of clarity, like willows of crystal and poplars of water. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, which corresponds to the Aztec calendar. The poet also notes that the subject's "loins are like fire" and "like water", and that he can "wade through her waist".
Answer: Sun Stone (also accept "Piedra del Sol")
[10] Sun Stone is a poem by this Mexican writer, who also wrote about the state of his home country in his essay The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
[10] Octavio Paz also wrote this critical essay, in which he analyses the relationship between poetry, history, and war. In this essay, Paz asserts his belief that the best poetry changes the world.
Answer: The Bow and the Lyre
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Robert Dudley was granted the governorship of some provinces as a result of this treaty. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this agreement between Britain and the Netherlands, which attempted to lift the Siege of Antwerp and got the Spanish mad enough to send the Armada to fight England.
Answer: Treaty of Nonsuch
[10] The Treaty of Nonsuch was signed by this monarch, the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She had some kind of rivalry with Mary, Queen of Scots as well.
Answer: Elizabeth I the Virgin (accept either part; also accept Good Queen Bess or Gloriana)
[10] The war between Spain and Britain lasted until this treaty was signed in 1604. Sometimes called the Somerset House Conference, the British under Robert Cecil agreed to stop supporting the Dutch rebellion.
Answer: Treaty of London
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This work argues that in one age, the giganti rely on the use of metaphor for communication. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work, in which that age is the religious, which is set alongside the divine and the heroic. It argues for a view of history which moves in cycles.
Answer: The New Science
[10] Identify the author of The New Science, who called truth a construction, and also wrote "On Humanistic Education" and "On the Study Methods of Our Time."
Answer: Giambattista Vico
[10] Vico inspired the work of this other Italian philosopher, who totally copped his theory of history, but wrote his own work The Essence of Aesthetic.
Answer: Benedetto Croce
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This man's 5th Symphony commemorated the 300th Anniversary of the Lutheran Church, which is odd, because this man was a Jew. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this composer of music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, which contains his famous Wedding March.
Answer: Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
[10] This other Felix Mendelssohn work was composed on the spot at a cave on a namesake Scottish place. It's a concert overture which was dedicated to the English king at the time.
Answer: Fingal's Cave (also accept Hebrides Overture)
[10] This oratorio by Felix Mendelssohn is based on a Goethe ballad. It depicts an extremel early northern European pagan ritual of the druids.
Answer: The First Walpurgisnacht
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Flash and HPLC are pressurized forms of this analytic process, which in general uses a vertical glass tube and gravity to effect separation of analytes. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this chemical technique that separates components of a mixture by the speed at which they fall through a liquid eluant when a known powder is added.
Answer: column chromatography (prompt on liquid-phase chromatography)
[10] The aforementioned powder functions as this for column chromatography, in which silica powder is a common choice for this. It is idealized as the fixed part of a chromatographic system that removes analyte from its counterpart, which is idealized as moving.
Answer: the stationary phase
[10] This is a liquid-phase chromatographic separation in which the mobile phase composition does not vary. They are of especially note in column chromatography and its descendents since they are, in some sense, the analogues in chromatography of azeotropes in distillation.
Answer: isocrates (or isocratic separations or isocratic flows or isocratics; accept word forms)

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