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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 09
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like the Hall effect, this behavior has a flux-flow analogue for type-II superconductors; further, the constant of proportionality for its flux-flow form is proportional to the flux-flow Hall coefficient. As phonon flux obeys a form of Fourier's law, the ordinary form of this effect causes phonon drag. The coefficient of this effect is the temperature integral of the Thomson coefficient over the temperature according to the second Thomson relation; that namesake coefficient is also known as the thermopower and is given by the first Thomson relation as one over the temperature times the Peltier coefficient. For ten points, identify this thermoelectric effect in which a temperature gradient gives rise to a voltage and which is the operating principle in thermocouples.
Answer: the Seebeck effect (prompt on thermoelectric effect; accept thermocouple effect before "thermocouples" and prompt on it afterwards)
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A character in this novel remembers his father's death at the hands of policeman, causing his mother to lose her religious faith. A man named Dick seduces women for food, and the philosopher Doc Burton protects the camp against health inspectors. One protagonist of this novel is shot in the arm by vigilantes, who also kill the old man Joy. Al Townsend's father allows the characters in this novel to live on his farm in exchange for their help picking crop, although they're forced to leave after a barn is burned. Most of the story revolves around a fruit picker's strike, which is started after one protagonist helps Lisa deliver her baby. For ten points, identify this novel about Communist labor organizers Jim Nolan and Mac, a work by John Steinbeck.
Answer: In Dubious Battle
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Nagarjuna and Vasubandhu wrote treatises on the practice of this religion in India, and this school believes that dharma naturally declines over time, known as mappo. One subbranch of this school performs its primary devotional practice at precise intervals, causing it to be nicknamed the "Time School", while this school utilizes an "eighteenth vow". This school of thought practices the nembutsu, or ritual repeating of names. This school of Buddhisism is considered to be based on the Larger Sutra of the Immesurable Life, and promises rebirth in a Western paradise ruled by Amitabha, which is known as Sukhavati. For ten points, identify this constituent branch of Mahayana Buddishm, along with Zen.
Answer: Pure Land Buddhism (also accept "Amidism" and "Jingtuzong")
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William Murray's house was severely damaged during this event, which also saw Fleet Prison and the Bank of England take damage. The second foot regiment was instrumental in diffusing this situation, which also saw one of its participants tried for treason but acquitted. One participant in this event notably wore a blue feather in his hat, and this event was targeted at a piece of legislation called the Roman Catholic Relief Act. Participants in this event were unsuccessful in their attempt to enter the House of Commons. For ten points, identify this 1780 riots of religion in London, which featured prominent banners reading "No Popery", named for a certain Lord George who created the Protestant Association.
Answer: The Gordon Riots
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This painter published an educational guidebook, which he illustrated, entitled Quick Lessons on Simplified Drawing, and depicted Chinese subjects in works like Chinese Torture and Chinese Boys at Play. This artist portrayed several people in straw hats, including several carrying a large green box, crossing a river in Travellers Crossing the Oi River. This painter of Willow and Young Crows also depicted a sinuous fish climbing a waterfall in Carp Leaping Up a Cascade. This painter is more well-known for a work which depicts a large wave on the left which curls around a volcano and which is the first painting in his best known series. For ten points, identify this member of the ukiyo-e school who painted Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji and The Great Wave Of Kanagawa.
Answer: Hokusai Katsushika
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Before this man came to his most prominent position, he served at the governor of Coahuila. This man alienated the military by not endorsing Obregon, instead choosing to endorse Bonillas, and he had earlier put a bounty on Zapata's head, which successfully led to his assassination. This man was himself later assassinated by Herrero's troops, and had earlier prevented John J. Pershing from capturing Villa. He also opposed the US occupation of Veracruz. This advocate of the 1867 Constitution drafted the current constitution of his nation when he came to power, and he also served under the Guadalupe Plan. Assassinated in Tlaxcalantongo, for ten points, identify this revolutionary who became the President of Mexico after overthrowing the Huerta regime.
Answer: Venustiano Carranza
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This man is shot by a man named Jack Morirarty in the episode "No Reason". This man witnessed a buraku perform in Japan, and also retains some antidotes that he purchased in Egypt while his father was stationed there. This character was shot in a paintball match by his ex-wife, who was playing on the Lawyers team, and Weber caught him cheating during his undergraduate work at Johns Hopkins. In later seasons, this character hires Kutner and Taub, in addition to thirteen. The employer of Foreman and Chase, Alison Cameron is infatuated with this character in the first few seasons, and this man received his trademark injury after a doctor failed to catch a necrosis in his leg. For ten points, identify this fictional Vicodin addicted doctor, who is portrayed by Hugh Laurie on his namesake show.
Answer: Dr. Gregory House
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Generalizations of these entities that include representations of Schwartz distributions are sometimes known as Gelfond doubles, but are more generally denoted by prefixing their usual name with "rigged." Stability for dynamic systems on these objects is the subject of the von Neumann ergodic theorem. One class of operators over these forms a self-adjoint ideal for the associated Banach algebras; those operators are named for Schmidt and for the namesake of these and are bounded in the namesake norm that defines these spaces. These spaces are inner product spaces with a complete L2-like norm metric and each of these is consequently a Banach space, though the converse does not hold. For ten points, identify these vector spaces in which the squared length of a vector is the inner product of the vector with itself and which are named for a German mathematician.
Answer: Hilbert spaces
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The speaker of this poem asserts that "Yet all experience is an arch wherethrough Gleams that untravelled world", before he notes the dullness of rusting unburnished, not to shine in use!" The speaker of this poem also describes his subjects as a rugged people, and asserts that his son, through soft degrees, can "Subdue them to the useful and the good". This poem notes that "It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles/And see the great Achilles". At the end of this poem, the title character declares that he is made weak by time and fate, but strong in will, and resolves to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. For ten points, identify this poem about the hero of the Odyssey, a work by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
Answer: "Ulysses"
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Theodore Caplow continued work on these studies after their originators' finish, which focused on their Families and discussed All Faithful People. These studies note the extreme import of the radio and the automobile to social change, and also note the valuation of education, but not academia. These studies note that the Ku Klux Klan had recently been kicked out of the object of its study, and also noted the proclivity of the youth to skip church, but attend the YMCA, while an important part of this study examines the importance of the "business class." A second study on the object of this town noted the changes that the Great Depression wrought on its subject, and added In Transition to its title. For ten points, identify these sociological studies that were conducted by the Lynds and examined Muncie, Indiana.
Answer: Middletown: A Study in Modern American Culture
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One movement of this piece takes its inspirtaiton from a Robert Johnson poem and utilizes a lot of the melody from Dormance. The first movement of this piece makes use of the songs Massa's in the Cold Ground and Old Black Joe, and utilizes chromaticism in the bass to evoke unreality. That movement depicts a "Black March", and also features the Reveille. Another movement in this piece utilizes instruments playing in different songs in different keys, and is intended to depict an Independence Day celebration.. For ten points, identify this work which contains the movements St. Gaudens in Boston Common, Putnam's Camp, and The Housatonic at Stockbridge, which comprise the title locations of this work by Charles Ives.
Answer: Three Places in New England
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Millard Fillmore offered to nominate this man to the Supreme Court, which he declined. This man refused to send the troops of Huger to help Henry A. Wise, causing the loss of Roanoke Island. This man served as a Senator from Louisiana before being nominated to his most famous post, in which he was preceded by Roger Hunter, and this man quarreled with Benjamin Wade and challenged Jefferson Davis to a duel, and offer which was declined. This man insisted that conscripted slaves should be freed, and he wrote a Treatise on the Law of Sale of Personal Property. For ten points, identify this member of the Jefferson Davis cabinet, a Jew who served as Attorney General, Secretary of War, and Secretary of State.
Answer: Judah Philip Benjamin
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With Siberia's Taymyr region, this range is one of two known sources of Clinohumite and its sub-ranges include the Vanch, Yazgulem, Darvaz and Sarykol, the latter of which lies in the Uighur Autonomous Region. Kamaloyak is the lowest point of its Akademiya Nauk Range, whose highest peak is Korzhenevskaya while this mountain range contains the cities of Khorugh and Qalaikhum. Its Fedchenko is the longest non-Polar glacier, while this range extends into the Wakhan region. With peaks including Ibn Sina and Mount Garmo, for 10 points, name this source of the Amu Darya, a mountain range of Tajikistan whose highest point is Ismoil Somoni or Communism Peak.
Answer: Pamir Mountains [accept Congling before read]
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In one of this man's plays, King Sebastian gives his retroactive approval to the actions of Dona Leonor, who's surprised to meet Don Luis again right before she gets married. In another, Juan Roca is an old artist who painted Serafina and proposes to her, because they believe Don Alvaro is dead. In addition to Secret Vengeance for Secret Insult and The Painter of Her Dishonor, this playwright wrote A House with Two Doors Is Difficult to Guard and The Constant Prince, which are known as his Cloak-and-Sword dramas. In another play, Don Alvaro has drugged and raped Isabel, the daughter of the title character, who is named Pedro Crespo. In his most famous play, King Basilio imprisons Prince SIgismundo in a forest. For ten points, identify this seventeenth century Spanish playwright, who wrote The Mayor of Zalamea and Life is a Dream.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
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This mythological character was the grandfather of Aristaios through a local nature deity named Carystus. Another of this figure's children was transformed into a mare by Zeus for revealing the secrets of the gods, and her name was Melanippe. This figure also had the children Pelionides and Endeis by his wife Khariklo. This figure was born after his father had sex with the nymph Philrya, although it was aborted due to the appearance of Rhea. This friend of Peleus tutored Achilles in his youth, but voluntarily relinquished his immortality after Hercules painfully wounded him with a hydra venom arrow. For ten points, identify this wisest of the centaurs, who became a constellation after his death.
Answer: Chiron
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This work derides a view of relationship as that of direct report, calling it the most naive view, while one section of this work concludes with a discussion of the meanings of kill and begat. This work claims that for a term to be significant, it "must be either a name of a sense datum or a compound of such names or an abbreviation of such a compound." This work's first section draws attention to the difference between "No unmarried man is married" and "No bachelor is married", going on to discuss synonimity, which it defines in terms of interchangeable truth values. This work is also notable for eliminating the boundary between analytical and synthetic though, which are the two title concepts. For ten points, identify this work which has also appeared in From a Logical Point of View, the best known essay by Willard Van Orman Quine.
Answer: "Two Dogmas of Empiricism"
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Article Five of this treaty established the free exercise of religion in the affected provinces, while Article Thirteen of this treaty provided for the return of deserted sailors to their respective nations. Melishe's Map was used to determine the boundaries of this agreement. Article Fourteen required one party to certify that it had not received any compensation from France, while a further article granted one party free access to Penscacola and St. Augustine with no duties. The Sabine River served as an important boundary in this agreement, which is also called the Transcontinental Treaty. For ten points, identify this 1819 agreement in which the United States agreed to buy Florida from the Spanish for five million dollars, named for an American president and a Spanish foreign minister.
Answer: Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 (also accept "Transcontinental Treaty" until mentioned)
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The conversion of methionine to S-adenosyl-L-methionine by Met Adenosyltransferase is the first step of the reaction leading to synthesis of this molecule, and the final step involves ACC-oxidase, an enzyme that is made in the presence of auxins. The first genes encoding a receptor for this molecule were found in Arabidopsis and tomatoes, and plants have a variety of responses including inhibition of stomatal closing and acceleration of fruit-ripening. In bromeliads, exposure to this chemical induces flowering, and it is used as an inhalatory anesthetic in moderate does for humans. For ten points, identify this molecule with formula C2H4, the simplest alkene.
Answer: ethylene
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One character in this play is forced to commnunicate his feelings by fondling the foot of another while he hides under a porch, while that other character uses subtle wordplay to communicate her resolve. This play begins with a country landowner's friends teasing him and attempting to get him a woman, and that country landowner's name is Gihei. Kyuemon sets one character up with a woman in this play, after which his wife spends the dowry money. One character is able to recover the dowry money, but lends it to his evil friend Kuheiji, who refuses to give it back. For ten points, identify this play about Tokubei and O-Hatsu who perform the title action in the title forest at the end, which was written by Chikamatsu Monzaemon.
Answer: The Love Suicides at Sonezaki (also accept Sonezaki Shinju)
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This quantity can be defined as the zeroth unweighted gamma space moment of unity. Its naive definition must be amended with a factor of one over the separation number factorial for a separated system to avoid Gibbs' paradox. It is equal in general to the sum over states of the state statistical weight, which is given in general by the state degeneracy times e to the minus state energy times thermodynamic beta. The statistical entropy is equal to the temperature partial of the temperature times the natural logarithm of this, while the total energy is minus the partial derivation of the natural logarithm of this function with respect to the thermodynamic beta; in principle, all thermodynamic properties can be written in terms of this number for the ensemble it represents. For ten points, name this quantity that is symbolized Z and encapsulates all the statistical properties of a canonical ensemble.
Answer: the canonical partition function (prompt on Z)
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This document cites Roberts v. City of Boston to make a point about schools, and it argued that the Fourteenth Amendment could not be applied to cases involving schools because it does not explicitly mention education. Richard Russell wrote the finalized form of this document. Joel Broyhill and Richard Poff agreed to sign this document, although Estes Keefhauver and Lyndon Johnson notably refused to sign it. This document affirmed the validity of the Plessy v. Ferguson case and decried the Brown v. Board of Education case. For ten points, identify this document, pimped by Strom Thurmond, which opposed racial integration in schools and was promoted by the Dixiecrats.
Answer: The Southern Manifesto
 
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 09
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lydia Touchett invites Isabel Archer to visit London in this novel. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work by Henry James, in which Isabel marries Osmond but was previously courted by Warburton.
Answer: The Portrait of a Lady
[10] Henry James also wrote this novel about Verena Tarrant, who looks up to Olive Chancellor, a feminist activist. Basil Ransom, a cousin from Mississippi, finds Verena quite enchanting but hates her positions.
Answer: The Bostonians
[10] Eugenia Munster and Felix Young are the protagonists of this Henry James novel, who travel to America because Prince Adolf was under pressure to dissolve his marriage to Eugenia.
Answer: The Europeans
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The critical equipotential is the boundary of these region, in which mass is gravitationally bound to a central body. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these regions of space most often encountered in the context of binary star systems, in which case mass bound to the system that enters one of these will usually fall into the associated star.
Answer: the Roche lobes of bodies (do not accept or prompt on "Roche limits")
[10] Sometimes also named for Roche but usually named for an American astronomer are these the special cases of Roche lobes for small bodies orbiting much larger ones. Moons must lie within these for the planets they orbit.
Answer: Hill spheres (prompt on Roche spheres)
[10] Considering a satellite orbit with the same period as a planetary orbit, the Hill sphere is the locus of points inside of which the sum of the planet's gravity, the star's gravity, and this pseudo-force on the satellite points toward the planet.
Answer: the centrifugal force
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There are three of these, and they are divided into smaller actions, like personal admiration and restriction of life practices. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these things, that are grouped into Moving Toward People, Moving Away from People, and Moving Against People, which might help you feel better.
Answer: coping strategies
[10] Coping strategies are an invention of this woman, a neo-Freudian who wrote Are You Considering Psychoanalysis?, Our Inner Conflicts, and several books about neuroses.
Answer: Karen Horney
[10] Karen Horney's best known work is probably this last one, which contains a summation of her theory, including her ideas of coping strategies and added a chapter on self-effacement.
Answer: Neuroses and Human Growth
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Identify these participants in the Saturday Night Massacre, for ten points each.,
[10] This hilariously failed Supreme Court nominee was serving as Solicitor General at the time of the Saturday Night Massacre and carried out Richard Nixon's fire order.
Answer: Robert Bork
[10] This man served as Special Prosecutor during the Watergate trial, and was fired by Richard Nixon due to his continual and annoying insistence on receiving the tapes.
Answer: Archibald Cox
[10] This man served as the White House Chief of Staff during the Saturday Night Massacre and was convicted of conspiracy in the resulting trials.
Answer: Harry Robbins Haldeman
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One section of this work deals with what the philosopher who wrote it terms "natural kind terms", and more conventionally questions whether those ideas have essence. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book which also explores its author's concept of a designation that holds true in all possible universes, which are termed "rigid designators".
Answer: Naming and Necessity
[10] Naming and Necessity is probably the best known work by this philosopher, who may have ripped off Ruth Marcus. He also names a type of semantics useful in modal logic.
Answer: Saul Kripke
[10] Saul Kripke is also known for his critique of this man's philosophy, which was expounded in works like Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
Answer: Ludwig Wittgenstein
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This is the simply the scattering of light by the suspended particles of a colloid. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this effect.
Answer: the Tyndall effect
[10] In theory, a properly tuned light source can use the Tyndall effect to cause this process, the destruction of a colloid by the formation of namesake clumps of suspended particles.
Answer: flocculation (accept close equivalents mentioning flocs)
[10] Flocculation can be encouraged in liquid-medium colloids by these substances, which lower the surface tension of fluids.
Answer: surfactants (prompt on wetting agents)
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Answer the following about the Wars of the Roses, for ten points each.,
[10] One of the first battles in the wars was this one, at which Richard fought Henry north of London. Somerset and Northumberland were killed at this battle, and at a later battle here, Margaret of Anjou defeated Warwick.
Answer: First Battle of St. Albans
[10] On the other hand, Margaret of Anjou was later defeated here by Edward IV. Shortly thereafter, Henry was murdered in the Tower.
Answer: Battle of Tewkesbury
[10] The Earl of Warwick was killed at this battle, during which he fought Edward IV and the Duke of Clarence.
Answer: Battle of Barnet
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Most of this novel is set in Croix-des-Rosets, a village in rural Haiti. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel, which features the characters Sophe and Tante Atie. Sophe eventually moved to New York to be with Martine, but adjusts with difficulty at school, where the children mock her for her body odor.
Answer: Breath, Eyes, Memory
[10] Breath, Eyes, Memory is a novel by this foremost Hatian writer, whose other works include The Dew Breakers and Brother, I'm Dying.
Answer: Edwidge Danticat
[10] Edwidge Danticat also wrote this short story collection, which takes its name from a Hatian storytelling tradition.
Answer: Krik? Krak!
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Their life cycle includes a diploid sporophytic phase and a haploid gametophytic and are classified into the genus Pteridophyta. for ten points each,,
[10] Name this type of vascular plant lacking flowers and seeds.
Answer: ferns
[10] In ferns, these structures are not true roots but elongated cells. Sometimes called root hairs, they absorb water and nutrients and anchor the prothallus to the soil.
Answer: rhizoids
[10] Many ferns are this type of plant, which grows when attached to another living plant. They are sometimes called "air plants."
Answer: epiphytes
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This man wrote a Theory of Harmony in the early 1920's. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this composer who developed the twelve-tone school and depicted a strange evening in Transfigured Night.
Answer: Arnold Schoenberg
[10] This Schoenberg song-cycle includes the Chopin Waltz, the Gallows Song, and Mean Trick! It's based on a set of poems by Andre Giraud.
Answer: Pierrot Lunaire
[10] This massive oratorio by Arnold Schoenberg won Richard Strauss' respect. It includes a Wood Dove's Song and The Wild Hunt of the Summer Wind.
Answer: Gurre-Lieder
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Islands in this archipelago include Foglo, Kumlinge and Kokar while Ytternas, Berghamn and Langnas are among its ports, FTPE:,
[10] Name this archipelago in the Baltic Sea with its capital at Mariehamn.
Answer: Aland Islands
[10] The Aland Islands lie in this body of water which receives the Torne River, an arm of the Baltic Sea.
Answer: Gulf of Bothnia
[10] The Gulf of Bothnia lies between this nation, which owns the Aland Islands, and Sweden; it has its capital at Helsinki.
Answer: Republic of Finland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This event was partially instigated by the passage of the Exclusion Bill. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this attempted assassination of Charles II and James, Duke of York, which was named for a manor owned by Richard Rumbold.
Answer: The Rye House Plot
[10] That Exclusion Bill was prompted by this completely fictional conspiracy, in which Titus Oates contended that the English Catholics were plotting to assassinate Charles II.
Answer: The Popish Plot
[10] This man was prominent in exploiting the anti-Catholic hysteria that the Popish Plot created by conspiring with the Duke of Monmouth. This man was later appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer, patronized John Locke, and founded Charleston.
Answer: Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury (accept either)
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This essayist considered The English Mail-Coach, and also wrote an essay in which he described Murder Considered as a Fine Art. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this author probably best known for Confessions of an English Opium Eater.
Answer: Thomas de Quincey
[10] This essayist advanced the theory that performing Shakespeare is not as enlightening as reading Shakespeare, in addition to writing a Discourse on Roast Pig in his work Essays on Elia.
Answer: Charles Lamb
[10] Charles Lamb was a friend to this poet and essayist, who wrote Solomon's Ring and Abou ben Aden.
Answer: Leigh Hunt
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Candidates for this type of theory must have a gauge group that breaks down to give the trinomial gauge of the standard model. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this class of theories that predict coupling between the strong and electroweak interactions above a certain energy.
Answer: grand unified theories
[10] GUT's seek to explain flavor oscillation and, hence, mass in these leptons, behaviors which are not part of the standard model. These were postulated to preserve energy-momentum conservation in beta decay.
Answer: neutrinos (prompt on nus)
[10] One test of various GUT's is their predicted frequency for this as-yet unobserved behavior. Most GUT's predict that it is mediated by an X boson and results in a pion and positron, thus violating conservation of baryon number.
Answer: proton decay (accept clear-knowledge equivalents)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Former college standouts littering this team's roster include Brian Cook and J.J. Redick, though six-foot, negative-two-inch point guard Jameer Nelson is having great success starting for them. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this NBA franchise.
Answer: the Orlando Magic (accept either underlined part)
[10] Probably the best player on the Magic is this center, who recently posted his first career triple double by hanging 30 and 19 with 10 blocks on the hapless Thunder. He dunked while wearing a Superman cape en route to winning last season's dunk competition.
Answer: Dwight David Howard
[10] The Magic's bench ace is this fifth-year swingman out of Kentucky. He must really like the Magic as he re-signed with them in 2006 even knowing they traded him to Charlotte for Brandon Hunter in 2004.
Answer: Keith Ramon Bogans
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Geert Groote was the foremost proponent of this religious movement, which was established in lots of Dutch monasteries. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Late Middle Ages religious movement, which advocated Christian Humanism and founded the Bretheren of Common Life peasant movement.
Answer: Devotio Moderna
[10] The Devotio Moderna utilized this book about the personal relationship with Jesus, which was comprised of four books and functions as a manual for various devotions.
Answer: The Imitation of Christ
[10] This man wrote The Imitation of Christ, in addition to writing True Wisdom.
Answer: Thomas a Kempis
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This deity had to remove one article of her clothing for each gate of the underworld that she passed. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this consort of Tammuz, who was hung up on a nail after being gazed at by the eyes of death. When she wasn't in the underworld, she passed the time by pulling men out of bars to have sex with.
Answer: Inanna (also accept "Ishtar")
[10] This goddess was Inanna's sister, and was the ruler of the underworld that Inanna may have been trying to take over for herself.
Answer: Ereshkigal
[10] Another of Inanna's siblings is this Sumerian storm god, who was the consort of Shaka and had the child Gilil.
Answer: Adad or ("Ishkur")
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ANSWER Maxim Gorky,
[10] Identify this Russian author of The Song of Stormy Petrel and a play entitled The Lower Depths.
Answer:
[10] This man, who often worked with Yevgeny Petrov, collaborated on The Little Golden Calf, which features Ostrap Bendler and is a sequel to The Twelve Chairs.
Answer: Ilya Ilf
[10] This author of The Fate of a Man also wrote The Bidding of the Heart and Quiet Flows the Don.
Answer: Mikhail Sholokov
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This man was named the Ghe following related to Algeria's struggle for independence. For ten points each:,
[10] Algeria was attempting to win independence from this nation, which also had lots of power in Somalia.
Answer: France
[10] The Algerian independence movement was led by this nationalist group, which was led by Boumediene. It still maintains power as a political party in Algeria.
Answer: National Liberation Front (Also accept "FLN")
[10] This man served as the first president of a liberated Algeria, and was a rival of Boumediene.
Answer: Ahmed Ben Bellah
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A faded mural adorns the wall behind the action of this painting, which is observed by a naked woman wearing a sheet. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this self-portrait which shows the artist at work, which fills its margins with variously clad models and which shows a smaller painting of a tree against the sky.
Answer: The Artist's Studio
[10] Identify the French Realist who painted Burial at Ornans, The Artist's Studio, and whose other works include the vagina-centric The Origin of the World.
Answer: Jean Desire Gustave Courbet
[10] A landscape by Courbet depicts this location with two boats washed up. The cliffs on the left side of the painting are made of white rock and have green grass on top.
Answer: Normandy Beach (or Plage du Normande)

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