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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 08
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The laboratory of one of this' namesakes is concerned with the study of evolution of asexuality among bdelloid rotifers. That namesake also has an eponymous "effect" describing independent divergent evolution of alleles in asexual organisms. This experiment involved the use of E.Coli DNA grown on a medium of N15for several generations, then extracted and centrifuged. Cells with N15 were grown on a medium of 14N for one division then analyzed, which yielded a band of intermediate density between the N15 heavy and N14 standard bands. For ten points, identify this experiment that verified the semiconservative nature of DNA replication.
Answer: Meselson-Stahl experiment
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One of these men told a parable which concerned butter melting on a shard of pottery and refused to disband the Saint-Soldiers. That man was the friend of Bhai Gonda, and another member of this group blessed Chaaju with his walking stick. Those men are Har Rai and Har Krishan, while a more notable member of this group was succeded by Lehna, who took the name Amar Das, and created the Gurumki script. An even more notable one of these succeeded Tegh Bahadur and founded the Khalsa, while the first of these composed the Baburdani and began the bhakti movement. The current one of these is Granth Sahib, who will hold this position for eternity. For ten points, identify this group of people, the first of which was Nanak Dev and the last earthly one of which was Gobind Singh.
Answer: Guru of Sikhism
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This man defended the participants in the Christiana Riot, in addition to supporting the Morrill Tariff. A member of the Appropriations Committee, this man was succeed in his district by Henry Muhlenberg. This man preceded Justin Morrill as Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. His iron works were destroyed by Robert E. Lee's troops, and this supporter of the Confiscation Act called for total war against the south and opposed the Crittenden Compromise. This man, who introduced the impeachment proceedings against Andrew Johnson, drafted the Reconstruction Act and the Fourteenth Amendment. For ten points, identify this member of the Radical Republicans, who was a representative from Pennsylvania.
Answer: Thaddeus Stevens
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This painting, which depicts an event that took place in Capernum, also depicts four barren trees in front of a dark river, all of which is shown under an extremely dark sky with clouds. The mountains in the background of this painting continue to the foreground and seem to touch the house on the right side of this painting, which has an arched entryway. Located in the Brancacci chapel, a blue-shirted man with a halo is washing in the river on the left side of this painting, while in the middle, several men are talking, with Jesus and another man gesturing to something out of the scene of the painting on the left. For ten points, identify this painting which shows St. Peter and a tax collector on the right in front of the house exchanging the title object, which was painted by Masaccio.e
Answer: The Tribute Money
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One character in this novel is reprimanded for her definition of "horse". The young man named James Harthouse attempts to test the virtue of one character in this novel, but Mrs. Sparsit is intent on watching her. Stephen Blackpool and Mrs. Pegler are suspected of robbing the Bank belonging to Mr. Bounderby, an industrialist friend of one character in this novel. One character in this novel runs a school in Coketown and insists that his students learn "facts, facts, facts", but his plans for his own children are messed up by the daughet of a circus clown name Sissy Jupe. For ten points, identify his novel about the Thomas and Louisa Gradgrind, a novel by Charles Dickens.
Answer: Hard Times
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This composer's last published opus consisted of concerti musette, viela, recorder, flute, oboe or violin, and basso continuo. This composer of a notable Mandolin Concerto in C also wrote a set of violin concerti nicknamed The Extraordinary. This composer dedicated a work to Charles V, that work being his 12 violin concerti collected and nicknamed La Cetra. Four sacred works by this composer have recently been discovered in Dresden, while Fritz Kriesler improved this composer's popularity through his rediscovery. This composer's best known work is comprised of twelve movements, appeared in his set The Contest Between Harmony and Invention, and depicts actions like hunting with a horn and sitting by a fire with a plaintive violin. Nicknamed "the Red Priest", for ten points, identify this Baroque composer of the set of concerti grossi The Four Seasons.
Answer: Antonio Vivaldi
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A recent study involving one class of these organisms involved analysis of the 18s rDNA to determine synapomorphies between members of this phylum. That class, Tubellaria, generally exhibit ciliated epidermal tissue, and like other classes of this phylum is triploblastic and bilaterally symmetric. Members of this phylum are hermaphroditic, and some organisms of this phylum engage in penis fencing. Some classes of this largest phylum of aceolomates reproduce asexually, and may be cut in half to yield two organisms. For ten points, identify this phylum with members like flukes and tapeworms, often referred to as flatworms.
Answer: Platyhelminthes or flatworms
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This man wrote a treatise on supernatural creatures entitled Demonologie and a treatise on government titled Basilikon Doron. This man was the victim of the Ruthven Raid and proposed the Great Contract between himself and Parliament, although it failed to gain support. This signatory of the Treaty of Berwick pursued the policy of the Spanish Match and had to deal with uncooperative leaders like John Pym in his continual conflicts with the Addled Parliament. During this man's reign, Guy Fawkes attempted the Gunpowder Plot, and this man married Anne of Denmark, although he may have preferred men like the Duke of Lennox and George Villiers. For ten points, identify this Stuart King, the only son of Mary Queen of Scots, whose name is given to a Bible that he authorized.
Answer: James I of England (also accept James IV of Scotland)
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The generalized form of this quantity is defined as the functional derivative of the density functional with respect to the density. Replacing the energy in a Boltzmann factor with this quantity yields a corresponding Gibbs factor. This property is zero for a conservative system of phonons or other bosons. The quantity measured by this parameter for a system is measured by for a system's ground state by the Fermi energy; consequently, this quantity collapses to the Fermi energy at absolute zero. For ten points, name this property that is defined as the particle number partial derivative of a system's free energy and that can consequently be understood as the energy required to add one more particle to the system.
Answer: the chemical potential (prompt on mu)
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One character in this story is distinguished by wearing a flower in his lapel, and associates his home with "damp dish towels". He later stays at the Waldorf hotel, and reads a Pittsburgh paper which reveals that his father has paid off his debts and is coming to find him. The protagonist of this story is employed first as an usher at Carnegie Hall, and then is pulled out of school to work as a cash-boy. The title character of this story steals money from his employer and goes to New York for eight days to enjoy the theater and concerts, at the end of which he commits suicide. For ten points, identify this short story about the title aesthete, a work by Willa Cather.
Answer: "Paul's Case"
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A historical record indicates that an oracle of this deity demanded that the land of Japan be turned over to Takamimusuhi. Most of this deity's temples are located in Yamashiro and Ise. An alternative the normal creation myth about this deity states that he came into being from the white copper mirror held in his father's right hand. One story about this deity claimed that he defeated the god of rice in a battle, killing Ukemochi and causing his sister to kick him out of her house. A more common myth about this god's creation stated that he was born from the washing of Izanagi's right eye. For ten points, identify this kami associated with the moon, who was the brother of Susanoo and Amaterasu.
Answer: Tsukuyomi
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The Voigt tensor notation was invented to describe twenty systems exhibiting this phenomenon and in that notation, this phenomenon is described with a six-by-three matrix since this effect is conventionally the change induced in a rank-one tensor by a rank -two tensor. Systems exhibiting this behavior possess dipole domains, which can be polled by a capacitor. Perovskite ceramics notably possess this property, which results from reversible processes and thus has an inverse form known as electrostriction. For ten points, identify this property of materials, the production of a potential difference by mechanical stress.
Answer: piezoelectricity (or the piezoelectric effect)
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This character becomes incensed when someone parks a truck in his rose garden. As a child, his asthmatic father puts him to work watching a calf, which got lost and drowned. He has two children, Anand and Savi, and after screwing up a shop by employing a lawyer to collect overdue bills, this character moves to Port of Spain to become a journalist. This character's work as a sign painter brings him to Hanuman House. This character becomes permanently ill in the stomach after his apprenticeship to a pundit, and he is married to the woman Shama. For ten points, identify this man with a sixth finger who wants to escape the Tulsi clan by owning a house of his own, a titular character from a V.S. Naipaul novel.
Answer: "Mister" Mohun Biswas
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One character in this movie wrote the book If Not Now. Shania Twain portrays herself in a cameo for an advertising shoot in this movie, in which other advertising shoots feature Naomi Watts portraying a woman named Dawn Campbell. A revelation in this movie occurs after one character's house is accidentally burned by the protagonist. Isabelle Huppert portrays Catherine Vauban in this movie, in which her nihilism is embraced by Tommy Corn, a down on his luck firefighter portrayed by Mark Wahlberg. This movie's title corporation is run by Jude Law's character Brad stand, and is protested against by Albert Markowski, portrayed by Jason Schwartzman. For ten points, identify this movie about an existential detective agency run by Bernard and Vivian Jaffe, who are played by Dustin Hoffman and Lily Tomlin.
Answer: I Heart Huckabees
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Eoin O'Duffy sent his Irish Blueshirts to aid one side in this conflict, while the insumisos resisted this conflict. The Battle of Teruel was an important turning point in this conflict, which also saw the fortification of the XYZ Line in the south of the territory of one combatant. Slightly before Bilbao fell in this conflict, General Mola was killed, and his side retaliated with the brutal taking of Santander. The other side on this conflict had its territory separated and tried to reconnect it with the Battle of the Ebro. One nation sent the Corpo Truppe Volontarie to aid one side in this conflict, while Germany sent its Condor Legion, which led to the bombing of a town in the Basque Country, Guernica. For ten points, identify this conflict between the Nationalist and the Royalists, which ended with the establishment of Francisco Franco as a dictator.
Answer: The Spanish Civil War (Also accept "Guerra Civil de Espana)
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This book cites Ferenczi's paper "Stages in the Development of the Sense of Reality" in order to support its point that the adult's ego-feeling must have developed gradually. This book also notes that in a state of love, people are prepared to disregard the boundary between ego and object, while in another section, it asserts that the believer in God can save himself some trouble if he admits that his belief is based on unconditional submission, an idea which is applied to the effects of society as well. This book argues that laws that prevent rape and murder, which are the fault of the first of the title concepts, produce the second because of inhibition of the expression of the individual id. For ten points, identify this psychological text by Sigmund Freud.
Answer: Civilization and its Discontents
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This poet expressed the sentiment "For I is an other" in a poem in which he called Baudelaire a true god and described all previous poetry as "rhymed prose". He also expressed his desire to escape to "savage black African society" in another poem. This poet of "The Seer Letter" and "Bad Blood" also wrote a poem in which a ship is released after its handlers are massacred by screaming natives in "The Drunken Boat". This poet, whose collection Illuminations was published without his knowledge, wrote a poem about a "Foolish Virgin" has trouble with an Infernal Spouse, and in another poem subtitled "Verbal Alchemy", this poet reflected on his attempt to transcend reality through invention of a new language. Those poems, Deilirias One and Two, are collected along with a poem that described black A's and white E's. For ten points, identify this poet of the sonnet "Vowels", which appeared in his collection A Season in Hell.
Answer: Arthur Rimbaud
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The Azopardo River and Almirantazgo Fjord are features of this, whose Alberto de Agostini National Park contains the islands of Gordon, Londonderry and Hoste. Separated from Staten Island by the Le Maire Strait, this entity is home to the Selknam, Haush and Alacaluf peoples while the Yamana language is widely spoken. A native of this region, Jemmy Button, was brought to England by Robert Fitzroy on his first voyage of the Beagle, while Mount Darwin is its highest peak. With largest cities including Ushuaia and Punta Arenas, for 10 points, name this archipelago with its southern tip at Cape Horn, controlled by Argentina and Chile, whose name means "Land of Fire".
Answer: Tierra Del Fuego [accept Land of Fire before read; accept Chile before "Staten" is read]
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Anthony Durnford arrived with reinforcements for this battle, while Henry Pulleine was instructed to guard the camp. One side in this battle was forced to cross a river to attack the opposing force at their camp at Eshowe, but eventually stopped near the Babanango Mountains. This battle was preceded by an impossible ultimatum delivered by High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere, and Dabulamanzi kaMpande's forces served with distinction at this battle. Cetshwayo's forces were victorious at this battle, which saw the opposing commander, Chelmsford, routed. For ten points, identify this first major engagement of the First Zulu War, which occurred a day before Roarke's Drift and saw a bunch of British guys with firearms defeated by Zulu with spears.
Answer: Battle of Isandlwana
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This man is cited as a major influence in Paul Medawar's book Memoir of a Thinking Radish. This man collected his essays in In Search of a Better World, and defended what he termed rationality in The Myth of the Framework. This man described the process by which knowledge grows in his work Conjectures and Refutations, but may be better known for a work in which he noted that no amount of experiments can prove a theory, but a single one can contradict it. In addition to The Logic of Scientific Discovery, this man derided a certain point of view in The Poverty of Historicism, and also wrote a two-volume work in which he derided Marx and Hegel and argued for the preservation of liberal democracy. For ten points, identify this philosopher who tussled with Wittgenstein, argued for the necessity of falsifiability, and wrote The Open Society and its Enemies.
Answer: Karl Raimund Popper
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The solvolysis Y-scales were created to quantify the effects of solvents on this class of reactions. Rates for this type of reaction are reduced in practice because they must be performed at low base concentrations and temperatures to suppresses two types of competing reactions, a task made especially difficult as each of these shares an intermediate with an analogous unimolecular elimination and that intermediate is a rearrangement-prone ion with a positively charged carbon. The reactions of this class share the common Ingold mechanism of carbocation formation, nucleophilic attack, and deprotonation. They are common among secondary and tertiary, but not primary, alkyl halides. For ten points, name this group of nucleophilic substitutions with unimolecular rates, as opposed to those with bimolecular rates.
Answer: SN1 reactions (accept unimolecular nucleophilic substitutions until "unimolecular" and prompt on it afterwards; prompt on SN or nucleophilic substitutions until "bimolecular")
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 08
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A constant, uniform density of this corresponds to a cosmological constant. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this unobserved potential for work.
Answer: dark energy (do not accept or prompt on "dark matter")
[10] Dark energy was posited to explain this seemingly observed property of the universe's expansion, which invalidates Hubble's law.
Answer: acceleration (accept word forms)
[10] Adding a uniform density of dark energy to the FLRW model gives this model, which seems to adequately explain the CMB and the acceleration of the expansion of the universe.
Answer: the lambda-cold dark matter model
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Some characters in this poem urge Laura and Lizzie to "Come buy, come buy:/Apples and quinces,Lemons and oranges,/Plump unpecked cherries-/Melons and raspberries,". For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, in which one character trades a lock of her hair to get some delicious fruit.
Answer: Goblin Market
[10] Identify the author of "Goblin Market", who also wrote Symbols and In the Bleak Midwinter.
Answer: Christina Rosetti
[10] Christina Rosetti also wrote this poem of feminist solidarity, in which she notes that the rode will be long and posess the title characteristic, but that at the end there will be beds for all who come.
Answer: Up-hill
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A billiard table sits at the center of the room in this painting, and a clock reveals the time to be 12:15. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this painting of a three lamp lit drinking establishment with several pairs of people sharing alcohol.
Answer: Night Cafe
[10] Another painting by Vincent van Gogh, in which five peasants in a dimly lit room share a meal of the title vegetable.
Answer: The Potato Eaters
[10] This highly abstract and impressionist van Gogh work depicts a bi-colored blue sky filled with the title birds flying up from the ground, which is covered in a golden crop.
Answer: Wheatfield with Crows
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Nkomo's party opposed this man, who declared Rhodesia to be independent from British rule and got sanctioned by the UN for his troubles. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this man, who opposed the ZAPU and got his country recognized as Zimbabwe in 1980.
Answer: Ian Smith
[10] Ian Smith was succeeded by this man, who loved the Non-Aligned Movement and has served as a dictator in Zimbabwe until the present.
Answer: Robert Mugabe
[10] Robert Mugabe has recently reached a power-sharing agreement with this man, who currently serves as Zimbabwe's Prime Minister.
Answer: Morgan Tsvangiri
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This composition was originally to be choreographed by Marius Petipa. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this never-completed joint project between four of the Russian Five, in addition to Leon Minkus, an operatic ballet in which Voyslava kills the title woman, who was intended to marry Yaromir.
Answer: Mlada
[10] This man was supposed to complete part of Acts Two and Three of Mlada. His own work includes the movements Tuileries Gardens and Hut On Fowls' Legs which were part of his Pictures at an Exhibition.
Answer: Modest Mussorgsky
[10] This finest of Mussorgsky song cycles consists of Lullaby, Serenade, Trepak, and the final one, in which the title concept is depicted as the titular Field-Marshal.
Answer: Songs and Dances of Death
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The ratio of volume elements is given by the determinant of this matrix for the coordinate functions, so that determinant appears in change-of-variables formulae for integrals. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this matrix that contains all of a function's first-order derivatives.
Answer: the Jacobian matrix
[10] The Jacobian of some functions' first-order derivatives with respect to the independent variables has this name.
Answer: the Hessian matrix (or Hesse matrix)
[10] If Clairaut's theorem holds for some functions, their Hessian matrix has this property.
Answer: symmetry (accept word forms like symmetric)
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Identify these French authors of essays, for ten points each.,
[10] This man, who wrote Create Dangerously and Neither Victims Nor ExecutionersΒΈ may be better known for novels like The Plague and The Stranger.
Answer: Albert Camus
[10] This author, who wrote The origins of modern lyric theatre also wrote The Triumph of Reason and the long novel series Jean-Cristophe.
Answer: Romain Rolland
[10] This man wrote a collection of Recollections of Andre Gide, but may be better known for Summer 1914, Jean Barois, or The Thibaults.
Answer: Roger Martin du Gard
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This man is sometimes given the epithets Lonnbeimnich or Ildanach. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this mythological figure, who set several impossible tasks to the children of Tuireann, and who also was victorious at the Battle of Mag Tuiredh after Nuada died.
Answer: Lugh
[10] In order to win the Second Battle of Mag Tuiredh, Lugh had to defeat this scary-eyed leader of the Fomorians.
Answer: Balor
[10] Lugh's son was this well-known hero of Celtic mythology, who participated in the Cattle Raid of Cooley and had some crazy berserker rages.
Answer: Cuchulainn
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This man heavily promoted relativism in his work Man and His Works. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this author of The Human Factor in Changing Africa, who also wrote about the characteristics of African influences on African Americans in his work The Myth of the Negro Past.
Answer: Melville Herskovits
[10] Another American writer who wrote about the African American experience was this man, who wrote The Souls of Black Folk.
Answer: William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
[10] Frantz Fanon wrote about the epidermalization of shame in this work, which insists that colonialism has produced a false inferiority complex among black people.
Answer: Black Skin, White Masks
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Identify the following from the career of that most distinguished Chief Justice, Edward White, for ten points each.,
[10] In addition to United States versus Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola, Edward White presided over this case, which gave rise to the clear and present danger doctrine.
Answer: Schenck v. United States
[10] This court case, which invalidated the Keating-Owen Act, restricted the power of Congress to restrict the sale of goods manufactured by child labor.
Answer: Hammer v. Dagenhart
[10] This case, widely studied as a question of standing, set the precedent of the court refusing to hear cases because the parties to the case did not have adversarial standing. It involved a law allocating tribal lands, and the United States paid the plaintiff's legal fees.
Answer: David Muskrat v. United States
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This man utilized a klesmer in the third movement of his first symphony. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this composer of The Song of the Earth, the Resurrection symphony, and The Symphony of a Thousand.
Answer: Gustav Mahler
[10] This Gustav Mahler song cycle consists of the movements "When My Sweetheart is Married", "I Went this Morning over the Field", "I have a Gleaming Knife" and "The Two Blue Eyes of My Beloved".
Answer: "Song of the Journeyman"(also accept Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen")
[10] This other Gustav Mahler cycle, based on works of the poet Brucker after losing two loved ones, includes "In this Weather" and "I often think".
Answer: Songs on the Death of Children (also accept "Kindertotenlieder")
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The Battle of Plassey secured India for the British under this Prime Minister's administration. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Whig, who served under George III, quarreled with Lord Bute, formed a coalition with Newcastle, and under whose administration the Repeal Act was passed.
Answer: William Pitt the Elder
[10] The Repeal Act was drafted to rid the world of this peace of legislation, which required legal documents and newspapers to carry an expensive seal.
Answer: The American Stamp Act
[10] This Unitarian, who succeeded Pitt the Elder, was in favor of conciliation with the American colonists and was therefore encouraged to resign.
Answer: Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Earl Grafton (accept either underlined part)
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This reaction is often used to couple aldehydes and ketones to certain kinds of phosphines and its product is a Z-alkene. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this reaction that was revealed in the 1980's to have a different mechanism than that posited by its namesake.
Answer: the Wittig reaction
[10] The namesake reagent of the Wittig reaction is a triphenyl phosphonium compound of this type. These are compounds having opposite charges on neighboring atoms.
Answer: ylides
[10] When producing an E-alkene from the Wittig reaction, it pays to use this modification, in which the Wittig reaction's erythro betaine intermediate is replaced by a threo betaine.
Answer: the Schlosser modification
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The protagonist of this novel is Jin Baoyu, who was bonr with a piece of jade in his mouth. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel, in which Lin Daiyu is Jin's first cousin and also love interest. This novel, which can get pretty steamy, also features the characters Xue Baochai and Jia Yuanchan.
Answer: The Dream of the Red Chamber (also accept The Story of the Stone)
[10] The Dream of the Red Chamber is attributed to this poet, who wrote nothing else extant.
Answer: Cao Xueqin
[10] Cao Xueqin wrote during this dynasty, which maintained a capital at Nanjing. Other notable events during this period include China getting the crap kicked out of it by the Mongols, who founded the following Manchu dynasty.
Answer: Ming
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The Apuseni Mountains form one border of this region which includes parts of Crisana and Banat, FTPE:,
[10] The Olt and Mures rivers flow through this region whose cities include Sibiu, Alba Iulia and Timisoara.
Answer: Transylvania
[10] Lying on the Somesul Mic River and containing Unirii Square as well as Babes-Bolyai University, this city is the capital of Transylvania.
Answer: Cluj-Napoca
[10] Cluj-Napoca is the third largest city of this country whose southern border with Bulgaria is formed by the Danube.
Answer: Romania
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The opera star Christine Nilson performs on the night of Newland Archer's engagement in this novel. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about May Welland, which also features the character Ellen Oelnska, whose marriage to a Polish Count was unexpected.
Answer: The Age of Innocence
[10] In addition to The Age of Innocence, Edith Wharton also wrote this novel about Undine Spragg and Elmer Moffatt.
Answer: The Custom of the Country
[10] Lawyer Royall attempts to force Lucius Harney to marry the mountain girl Charity in this Edith Wharton novel, but he's already married to Annabel Balch.
Answer: Summer
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It results from the inability of the body to metabolize a certain aromatic amino acid. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this disease caused by a mutated gene on chromosome 12 that results in a deficiency of an amino acids namesake hydrolase. It is screened for in infants using the HPLC test or Guthrie test.
Answer: phenylketoneuria or PKU
[10] Phenylalanine hydrolase catalyzes the conversion of phenylalanine to this other aromatic amino acid often found in nameskake receptor kinases, where phosphorylation of this amino acid initiates signal transduction processes.
Answer: tyrosine or Tyr or Y
[10] A rarer form of phenylketoneuria is caused by deficiency of this phenylalanine hydrolase cofactor synthesized from GTP.
Answer: tetrahydrobiopterin or BH4
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Samuel Adams, Thomas Mifflin, and Richard Henry Lee supported this group in Congress. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this faction, which sought to remove George Washington as the commander of the American forces in the Revolutionary War.
Answer: The Conway Cabal
[10] Horatio Gates was appointed to be President of this group, which existed separately of Congress and controlled the War Effort. The Conway Cabal submitted its letters to this organization.
Answer: The War Board
[10] This "Father of American Medicine" worked with Thomas Conway and General Gates to lead the Conway Cabal.
Answer: Benjamin Rush
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In 2002, this player was a first round draft pick out of Rancho Bernardo High School, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this pitcher who received MVP status in October.
Answer: Colbert Michael Hamels
[10] Cole Hamels pitched for this NL team in their defeat of Tampa Bay in the 2008 World Series.
Answer: Philadelphia Phillies [accept either]
[10] In game one of the World Series, the Phillies relieved Cole Hamels with this set up man to closer Brad Lidge.
Answer: Ryan Michael Madson
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This man designed the Kuwait national assembly and also the Fredensborghusene in its namesake assembly in Denmark. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Scandinavian architect who also designed a building with a bunch of scalloped shells on top, the Sydney Opera House.
Answer: Jorn Utzon
[10] This designer of a notably tulip-shaped chair was also Sandinavian, and may be better known for designing the St. Louis Gateway Arch.
Answer: Eero Saarinen
[10] This man's rejected design for the Tribune Tower became the Gulf Building instead. Other works include the Christ Church Lutheran in Minneapolis, and the Finnish Pavilion at the Paris Exposition.
Answer: Eliel Saarinen

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