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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 07
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This man created a film about a man who lived on top of a tower for thirty six years, an adaptation of the St. Simon story, that he renamed Simon of the Desert. Another of his films begins at a dinner party at the house of Edmundo Nobile and his wife, Lucia, and is entitled The Exterminating Angel. Two men dream of shooting the pope in his La Voie Lactee, and this man also directed Nazarin and Viridiana. This director of The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de La Cruz also directed a film based on 120 Days of Sodom, which the Duc de Blangis rapes a young girl and emerges from a room without his beard. This man may be the most well-known for collaborating with an artist to create a film in which an eye is cut, named for a Spanish animal. For ten points, identify this director of The Age of Gold and An Andalusian Dog.
Answer: Luis Bunuel
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This man utilized the calculus of variations and the method of Lagrangian multipliers to discuss utilitarian philosophy in one of his works, while in another, he examined what he termed to be "The Hedonical Calculus." This author of New and Old Systems of Ethics was vindicated by Hotelling, who agreed with this man's assertion that increased taxation can in some cases decrease a good's price. This man criticized Jevons by noting that repeat bargaining usually results in a final indeterminacy of contract, which this man resolved with his concept of a final range of settlements. This man's conjecture states that the more agents in an economy, the less indeterminacy exists, and his most famous inventions are curves in which a consumer has no preference for one good over another. For ten points, identify this writer of Mathematical Psychics, whose indifference curves can be arranged into his namesake box.
Answer: Francis Ysidro Edgeworth
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A tailor named Nugent is forced to come and get a suit he sold on credit to a character in this play. The characters in this play drink whiskey and have a party after Mrs. Madigan arrives, which occurs shortly after two characters arrive with a new gramophone. Jerry Devine rushes in with the news that Father Farrell has found a job for a character in this play, who promptly disregards it. One man in this play thinks that he sees the ghost of Robbie Tancred praying to the Virgin, and at the end of the play, two Irregulars arrive and drag Johnny away, after which Joxer and Jack Boyle, who is the title creature of this play, declare how much they love Ireland. For ten points, identify this play about Jack's wife, a work by Sean O'Casey.
Answer: Juno and the Paycock
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This person is the first namesake of a theory that uses increasing numbers of available Fourier modes to explain the onset of the Kolmogorov cascade and that has a second namesake in Hopf. One theory due to this scientist alone posits that a system's free energy is always analytic in an order parameter and invariant under the system's Hamiltonian's symmetry group and this physicist is second namesake of a second theory that applies the previously mentioned theory to predict a current proportional to the electron charge over twice the effective mass. This physicist likewise names the point where the QCD coupling constant becomes infinite. For ten points, name this physicist who discovered a namesake quantum electrodynamical pole in addition to his aforementioned theory of second-order phase transitions and theory of superconductivity with Ginzberg.
Answer: Lev Davidovich Landau
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One account of this man's baptism suggested that he defecated in the font, causing doomful prophecy to surround his birth. Wulfstan II was notable for promulgating copious legislation under this man's rule, and this man was also notable for drastically improving the quality of the coin used. This man's second wife was Emma of Normandy, while his first wife Aelfgifu bore him six sons. This man had continual problems with Danish invaders under Sweyn I, and Canute the Great was proclaimed King of England during this man's rule, although he forced him out shortly thereafter. This man took the throne after the murder of his half-brother Edgar. This man's sons include Edmund Ironside and Aethelstan. For ten points, identify this 10th century English king, notable for getting terrible advice from his Witan.
Answer: Aethelred II (also accept Aethelred the Unready, Aethelred the Ill-Advised or synonyms thereunto)
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Although the author of this book claims that it is not urgent, this book advocates for the abolishment of families, while this book also argues that the most important social institution is self-respect. The second principle of the title concept of this book is that power and wealth are to be distributed equally except where inequalities would work for the advantage of all, and where all would have equal opportunity to attain the higher positions. This book was expanded upon in the an article which equated the title concept of this book with fairness. Another important concept in this book is the idea of the original position, in which people would be unaware of their position in society because of a veil of ignorance. For ten points, identify this book by the author of Political Liberalism, John Rawls.
Answer: A Theory of Justice
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This organization used the slogan "Black is not a vice, nor is segregation a virtue". Marion Barry and Julian Bond were members of this organization, which was first organized at Shaw University in Raleigh. This organization created the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, which ran candidates in Freedom Elections which challenged winners at the state convention. Goodman, Cheney, and Schwerner were members of this group who were famously murdered, and this organization, along with CORE, coordinated the Freedom Summer and the Freedom Rides movements. For ten points, identify this organization chaired by John Lewis and later Stokely Carmichael.
Answer: Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (also accept "snick")
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In one section of this book, a poem describes a figure that may be Zerubbabel or Jehoiachin as an agent of justice on earth, while a different poem describes a pre-natal calling. The fourth poem in that section is comprised of Yahweh's announcement of that servant's duties on Earth, and those four poems are collectively called the Songs of the Suffering Servant. The middle part of this book describes the deliverance from the Babylonians under Cyrus, and is known as the Book of Comfort. Previous chapters in this book describe the triumph of King Hezekiah and the Judgment against Judah, before a middle section, which describes the coming of a man who will make Jerusalem a holy city, the Messiah. For ten points, identify this major book of prophecy in the Old Testament, which is preceded by Song of Songs and followed by Jeremiah.
Answer: The Book of Isaiah
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In one of this man's novellas, Father Vuyadin Porubovich loses his grip on his sanity after his wife dies. In another, Sayid Ali Jelaludin Pasha is a new adviser who lets his pet lose in the market, frightening the townspeople. In addition to Anika's Times and The Vizier's Elephant, this author wrote a novel about Jean Daville, who is the French consul who works alongside the Turkish and Austrian consuls. This author wrote a novel about Raika Radakovich, who is nicknamed Miss and works as an extremely miserly moneylender. In addition to Bosnian Chronicle and The Woman From Sarajevo, this author wrote a novel in which Abidaga supervises the construction of the title structure, which is in the town of Visegrad. For ten points, identify this author of The Bridge on the Drina, a Bosnian writer.
Answer: Ivo Andric
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This statement follows directly from considering the powers of a second-order characteristic function, then applying the Levy continuity theorem. A theorem intimately related to this one uses the modulus of a normalized multi-fold convolution as a term in the bound of a third central moment; that theorem due to Berry and Esseen can be said to bound deviation from the result that this theorem guarantees. Conditions under which this statement holds are due to Feller and Levy, Lindeberg, Gnedenko, Kolmogorov, and Lyapunov, who first relaxed its assumptions to independence and finite zeroth through second moments; previous versions of this theorem had additionally required identical distribution of the underlying variates. For ten points, identify this theorem that states that the distribution of a sample of independent random variables approaches a normal distribution with sample size.
Answer: the central limit theorem
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This man has written several essays about the necessity of art, which include Return to Painting and The Case for Literature. This man wrote about the journal of an ecologist to a rural land to thnk about time in one of his plays, while his first play prominently features the title sound. In addition to Wild Man and Signal Alarm, this writer wrote the plays Dark City and Shelter the Rain. This man collected some novellas in the collection "Such a pigeon with red lips", while The Temple, In the Park, and The Accident appear in his short story collection A Fishing Rod for My Grandfather. This author of the play Bus Stop wrote a famous novel in which the narrator refers to himself both as he and she and after being misdiagnosed, goes to rural China to discover the title place of spiritual fulfillment. For ten points, identify this Chinese expatriate author of Soul Mountain.
Answer: Gao Xingjian
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Precision mapping of CpG island methylation via this technique can be used to determine the state of an isolated chromatin sample. Exon and intron location is mapped using the RT-version of this, which includes a step using reverse transcriptase to generate a cDNA before the annealing step. The thermal denaturation step is eliminated in the helicase-dependent variety, and the extension step involves raising the temperature to ensure optimal Taq enzyme activity. The "tail" variant of this uses a nested pair of primers with different annealing temperatures, and non-specific background interference is reduced in its "touchdown" variety. For ten points, identify this technique involving in-vitro enzymatic amplification of DNA.
Answer: Polymerase Chain Reaction
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This painting was referenced in Gary Tinterow's Picture for Woman, which preserves two figures from this painting and utilizes lightbulbs to give the appearance of depth. A purple and a yellow flower are in a vase in front of the central figure of this painting, and a pair of green boots drop from the upper left hand corenr of this painting, presumably belonging to a trapeze artist. A legible label for a bottle of Bass Pale Ale sits on the counter at the foreground of this painting, and a gentleman in a top hat with a brown moustache is visible to the viewer over the shoulder of a blonde haired woman in a black dress with a disinterested expression, who is at the center of this painting. For ten points, identify this painting of a drinking establishment in Paris, which was painted by Edouard Manet.
Answer: Bar at the Folies-Bergere
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After this conflict, the Brayon people were separated along a newly defined border. John Fairfield authorized the arrest that began this conflict, which saw the construction of Fort Fairfield and Fort Kent. Jean Michaud chronicled this conflict, which saw the death of Hiram Smith from unknown causes. The residents of the Madawaska Repulic were involved in this war, especially Sophie Rice and John Baker, who were arrested. Winfield Scott intervened in this conflict, causing the garrison at Hancock Barracks not to leave their compound. For ten points, identify this conflict over lumber between the United States and Canada that was ended with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, which was fought in 1838-39 and named for a Maine river.
Answer: Aroostook War
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Steven Root portrays a wealthy man in this movie, and the man that he hires is a former colonel who served in Vietnam. One character remarks to his girlfriend that if she doesn't stop asking him questions, he's going to have sex with her, to which she reacts skeptically. In an earlier scene in this film, one character lectures another on how cows are killed, while another scene features a character forcing a shopkeeper to choose heads or tails, on which his life depends. Some key information is revealed in Odessa, which causes Mexican gangsters to realize where their drug deal might take place, and Carson Wells and Llewelyn Moss are both killed in the course of this film. For ten points, identify this recent Oscar-winning adaptation of a Cormac McCarthy novel, in which Javier Bardem portrays murderer Anton Chigurh.
Answer: No Country for Old Men
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This ruler was repulsed by the Wallachians under Mircea at the battle of Rovine, and he was the husband of Hafsa and Devlet. This father of Ertugrul and Musa Celebi was successful against a crusade launched against him by John Paleologus which culminated in his victory at Nicopolis and successful siege of Constantinople. This man ascended to the throne after the Battle of Kosovo, where his father died, and this ruler is notable for being captured by Tamerlane at the battle of Ankara, which he lost. For ten points, identify this son of a Greek woman and Murad I, who was nicknamed "Thunderbolt".
Answer: Bayezid I (accept Bayezid the Thunderbolt until mention)
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With its highest point at Kirkeberget, this city contains the Toyen, Saint Hanshaugen and Vigeland parks as well as Malmoya Island and Maridalsvannet Lake. This city includes Royken, Nesodden and Baerum in its metro area while its largest suburb is Groruddalen. Containing the Akershus Fortress and the Storting, this city was made the capital by Haakon V to replace Trondheim. Much larger than the cities of Tromso, Stavanger and Bergen, for 10 points, identify this city once named Christiana, the capital of Norway.
Answer: Oslo [accept Christiana before read]
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Two characters in this play are amused when they view a diorama of a Mormon pioneer family, and a character named Belize insist that they say the Kaddish. One character in this play sees a vision of the dead clasping hands and protecting the earth while on a plane to San Francisco, a plane that Mr. Lies had arranged for her. The ghost of Ethel Rosenberg appears in one character's dreams and enjoys his suffering. That character must decide whether to ask the President to help him get AZT, and is an unscrupulous Mormon lawyer named Roy Cohn. Louis leaves the protagonist of this play for him, causing Prior Walker to be hurt. For ten points, identify this play about AIDS by Tony Kushner.
Answer: Angels in America
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This composer rarely wrote for the piano, but his compositions for that instrument include a pair of nocturnes titled Separation and Regret. This composer of the Valse Fantasie also created a pair of pieces inspired by Spain, the Jota Aragonesa and Summer Night in Madrid. This man also collected some folk songs from his native land and created the symphonic poem Karmarinskaya. Italian influence can be seen in the arias "O, thou black night" and "O gentle autumn night", which appear in an opera in which Vanya and Antonida mourn the death of Ivan Susanin. For ten points, identify this Russian composer, who preceded The Five and wrote operas like Ruslan and Ludmila and A Life for the Tsar.
Answer: Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
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This reaction is the basis for the Herzig-Meyer group determination, which is used on compounds lacking beta protons that cannot undergo this reaction. This reaction is generally prefixed with an alkylation of an amine by methyl iodide. Silver oxide is a common reagent for this reaction proper, which begins with the single replacement of a halide by a hydroxide to produce an intermediate that is split by heat. This reaction is dominated by steric factors and, therefore, its required beta-hydrogen loss is most likely to occur from the least-substituted position; although this reaction is intermolecular, that rule governing all reactions with cyclic transition states is named for this reaction and stands in contrast to a similar rule governing E2 reactions and named for Zaytsev. For ten points, name this reaction in which a quaternary amine is converted to a tertiary amine by being made to kick out an alkene.
Answer: the Hoffman elimination (or Hoffman degradation; prompt on Hofmann reaction; do not accept or prompt on "Hofmann rearrangement")
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This novel begins with an old man coming to a stop at a traffic light and refusing to begin again, causing a passerby to drive the man home. A dog in this novel licks the tears from a woman's face, which earns it the nickname "dog of tears". While some characters are stuck in a hospital, a gang led by a man with a gun forces them to pay for food, and forces the women to submit to rape, although a doctor's wife stabs them with scissors and sets fire to their barracks, allowing her to lead the patients to her home. One character is afflicted with the titular condition while having sex for money in a hotel room. For ten points, identify this novel about the titular condition which renders people incapable of seeing, a novel by Jose Saramago.
Answer: Blindness
 
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 07
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Part of the text for this sermon comes from Deuteronomy 32:35. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this sermon that accuses most people of dancing on a spiderweb above an open fire, which was preached by Jonathan Edwards in Connecticut.
Answer: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
[10] Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God is an example of a religious sermon delivered during this time period in American history, when Puritanism became predominant.
Answer: The Great Awakening
[10] This other Jonathan Edwards sermon, subtitled "No occasion of Grief to the Saints in Heaven", explains in its second section that the just damnation of the wicked will be an occasion of rejoicing to the saints in glory.
Answer: The End of the Wicked Contemplated by the Righteous
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Karl Haushofer and Friedrich von Bernahardi wrote about this concept in the late nineteenth century. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this concept, which Hitler used as a justification to take huge swathes of land in Eastern Europe, and which translates from German as "living space".
Answer: Lebensraum
[10] Lebensraum led to the invasion of the Soviet Union by Hitler, which went by this operational codename.
Answer: Operation Barbarossa
[10] Part of Operation Barbarossa was this massive encircling of Soviet troops near a namesake city. The NAZI force was commanded by Gerd von Rundstedt, and the Soviets were commanded by Semyon Budyonny, who was removed from command.
Answer: Battle of Kiev
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This man described his philosophy as "Sententia Vocum." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this French Scholastic philosopher who may have written Sententia de universalibus secundum magistrum R, but is certainly regarded as the founder of Nominalism. He also got declared a heretic for claiming that the three beings of the trinity were separate.
Answer: Roscellinus
[10] This other French Scholastic philosopher made a compromise between realism and Roscelin's nominalism by writing works like Ethics or Know Yourself and Sic et Non. He also notably had an affair with a woman named Heloise.
Answer: Peter Abelard
[10] A third, unrelated Scholastic was this man, who really liked Aristotle and wrote a huge commentary on Lombard's Sentences, in addition to being a Doctor of the Church and claiming to have a Philosopher's Stone.
Answer: Albertus Magnus
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In this play, James Tyrone is an alcoholic obsessed with proving that Josie is a virgin. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play, in which Josie is indeed a virgin, in addition to being the daughter of Phil Hogan, who owns the farm on which the play is set.
Answer: A Moon for the Misbegotten
[10] Another play by Eugene O'Neill is this one, in which Yank works on an ocean liner and later gets rejected by Manhatten until he dies in the embrace of the title creature.
Answer: The Hairy Ape
[10] Eugene O'Neill also wrote this trilogy, an adaptation of the Oresteia, in which Ezra, Christine, Orin, and Lavinia live in the North during the Civil War.
Answer: Mourning Becomes Electra
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Gilbert T. Morgan and H. D. K. Drew proposed the theory of this in 1920. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this term, which refers to the binding of a multidentate ligand. It often occurs between organic compounds and metal ions.
Answer: chelation (accept word forms)
[10] Gerold Schwarzenbach developed this widely used synthetic chelating agent, which is usually synthesized from 1,2-diaminoethane, which produces a tetra-sodium salt.
Answer: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (grudgingly accept ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid)
[10] EDTA can also be produced from ethylenediamene via a form of this reaction employing cyanide and formaldehyde. In general, this reaction makes amino acids from aldehydes via hydrolysis.
Answer: the Strecker synthesis
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Terpsichore, Polyhymnia, and Calliope visit the title character of this ballet. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ballet by Igor Stravinksy, in which the title character leads the Muses up to Parnassus. Is second of two tableaux contains a notable Alexandrine that represents Calliope.
Answer: Apollo, Leader of the Muses
[10] Apollo, Leader of the Muses is a work by this Russian composer, who also wrote The Firebird and The Rite of Spring.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
[10] Igor Stravinsky began using serial technique late in his career, which included this composition, a symphonic poem that honors an English poet.
Answer: In Memoriam Dylan Thomas
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The cause of this uprising related to the Afrikaans Medium Decree, which required instruction in a half-and-half mix of Afrikaans and English. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this uprising, in which schoolchild Hector Pieter was shot, named for a town in South Africa where it occurred.
Answer: Soweto Township Uprising
[10] Another occurance under apartheid in South Africa was this show trial, named for a Johannesburg suburb, at which Thabo Mbeki's father, in addition to Nelson Mandela, was convicted.
Answer: Rivonia Trial
[10] Nelson Mandela won his bid for the 1994 presidency at the head of this party, which has ruled in South Africa since that election.
Answer: African National Congress
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This novel begins when Leonore sends an old school friend of Robert Faemehl to the Prince Heinrich hotel. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book, in which the characters enjoy the titular game at the Prince Heinrich hotel. It's written by Heinrich Boll.
Answer: Billards at Half-Past Nine
[10] Identify this other Heinrich Boll novel, which centers on Leni Pfeiffer and Lev, who are trying to stop the destruction of their Cologne apartment building.
Answer: Group Portrait With Lady
[10] The title character of this Heinrich Boll novel shoots a reporter for Die Zeitung after he is invited into her home to discuss her bank robber boyfriend.
Answer: The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum
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This work posited an "ethics of care" that its author claimed that women were likely to be predisposed to. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work of psychology which focuses on the need to connect a network of relationships, rather than consider abstract things like individual rights.
Answer: In a Different Voice
[10] Identify the author of In a Different Voice, who also wrote Meeting at the Crossroads and Mapping the Moral Domain.
Answer: Carol Gilligan
[10] In a Different Voice criticizes the six stage theory of moral development posited by this psychology, who utilized the metaphor of Heinz and his dying wife to illustrate them.
Answer: Lawrence Kohlberg
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Classes of them include bivalves and cephalopods. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this phylum, members of which include gastropods and giant squids.
Answer: mollusca or mollusks
[10] The mollusk feeding systems features this chitinous, ribbon-like "tongue" used for scraping, cutting, and chewing food.
Answer: radula
[10] This disease is caused by parasites having freshwater mollusks as intermediate hosts. It can cause chronic illness resulting in skin lesions and internal organ damage and is estimated to be the second largest socioeconomically important disease behind malaria.
Answer: schistosomiasis
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The singer of this song notes that "If I was crying in the car with my friends, it was for freedom from myself and from the land." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this song, named for an Illinois city, in which the singer notes that "All things go to recreate us", the scenario of which as described as "I drove to New York in a car with my friends."
Answer: "Chicago"
[10] "Chicago" is a song from the album Illinois by this singer-songwriter, who also has an album named for Michigan. His other songs efforts include the Christian themed Seven Swans and Avalanche.
Answer: Sufjan Stevens
[10] Another band connected to Illinois is this one, which was formed in Springfield. Named for a firetruck, this band's songs include "Keep on Loving You", "Can't Fight this Feeling" and "Take It On the Run."
Answer: R.E.O. Speedwagon
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This man was the son of Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this victor at Pastrengo, who made Camillo Cavour the Prime Minister of a United Italy.
Answer: King Victor Emanuel II
[10] Before he took over Italy and united it, Victor Emanuel II was the ruler of Piedmont, Sardinia, and this other region, which also was the home of a notable Eugene.
Answer: Savoy
[10] Victor Emanuel II was excommunicated by the pope after this battle, which saw him crush 10,000 papal troops with 60,000 of his own. It reduced the papal states to an unprecedented depth.
Answer: Battle of Castelfidario
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The title character of this novel gives up his dream of scholarship after he marries Arabella Donn, choosing not to study at Christiminster. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about Mr. Fawley, a work by Thomas Hardy.
Answer: Jude the Obscure
[10] Thomas Hardy wrote this novel about the shepherd Gabriel Oak, who proposes to Bathsheba Everdene. Bathsheba eventually marries Troy after rejecting William Boldwood.
Answer: Far From the Madding Crowd
[10] Elfride Swancourt is at the center of a love triangle in this novel, which also includes Stephen Smith and Harry Knight.
Answer: A Pair of Blue Eyes
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The title Titan of this painting is portratyed with long, dirty grey hair and no clothing. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Francisco Goya painting of a mythological figure consuming one of Jupiter's brothers.
Answer: Saturn Devouring his Son (or his "Children")
[10] Saturn Devouring his Son is one of this series of Goya paitings, named for their dark color choice and scary subjects.
Answer: The Black Paintings
[10] This Black Painting depicts a sleeping woman with bats coming out of her head. The title adage is written on a pedestal next to her.
Answer: The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
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The potential energy of these systems is equal to the natural frequency times the square of the displacement for a proper choice of origin. For ten points each:,
[10] Name these physical systems exemplified by an ideal mass on an ideal spring.
Answer: classical simple undamped harmonic oscillators (prompt on harmonics or oscillators)
[10] The period of a simple pendulum can be found approximately by modeling the pendulum as a harmonic oscillator, but is given exactly by one of these of the first kind, which for amplitude phi and modulus k is equal to the theta integral from zero to phi of one over the square root of one minus k-squared sine squared theta.
Answer: an incomplete elliptic integral
[10] The eigenfunctions of a quantum harmonic oscillator are proportional to these polynomials, the nth of which is given by minus one to the n times e to the x-squared times the nth derivative of e to the minus x-squared.
Answer: the Hermite ("air-MEAT") polynomials (prompt on H-sub-n)
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Answer the following concerning Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign against Richmond.,
[10] Although Grant led the army through his authority as supreme commander of all Union armies, this Pennsylvanian and victor of Gettysburg was still nominal head of the Army of the Potomac.
Answer: George Gordon Meade
[10] The final battle of the campaign was this Union tactical defeat in middle Virginia, in which Grant repeatedly smashed his army into Lee's heavily entrenched center.
Answer: Battle of Cold Harbor
[10] This timorous Massachusetts Democrat, affectionately nicknamed "Spoons" by the citizens of New Orleans whom he despoiled, was supposed to threaten Richmond from the Union enclave at Fort Monroe while Grant marched southwards. Instead he managed to get himself besieged at Bermuda Hundred by a Confederate force a fourth of the size of his own.
Answer: Benjamin Franklin Butler
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This man's father died after he attempted to kill Odin, who was inconsiderately wearing a disguise. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this hero of the Volsung Saga, who used the sword Gram to kill a dragon for some gold, in addition to getting with the shieldmaiden Brynhilde.
Answer: Sigurd (you can probably take Sigfried)
[10] Sigurd scucceeded in killing this dragon, and after he took its gold, he stuffed it into the belly of Otr.
Answer: Fafnir
[10] Sigurd's sword shattered while he was killing Fafnir, so he asked this man to make him another one. After Sigmund died, this man took in Sigurd to raise him.
Answer: Regin
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This is the luminosity at which the surface gravitational pressure of a star exactly balances the surface radiation pressure. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this limit, the maximum steady luminosity for a gravity-bound compact object.
Answer: the Eddington limit (or Eddington luminosity)
[10] The radiation pressure used to calculate the classical Eddington limit is proportional to the cross-section for this electron process, the classical scattering of electromagnetic radiation by an electron, which is the non-relativistic limit of Compton scattering.
Answer: Thomson scattering
[10] The cross-section for Thomson scattering is given by the square of this quantity, equal in cgs units to the electron charge squared over the electron rest-mass energy.
Answer: the classical radius of the electron
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Features of this island include the Selau Peninsula across from Buka Island while its highest point is Mount Balbi, FTPE:,
[10] Identify this largest island of the Solomons, controlled by Papua New Guinea, which is named for a French explorer.
Answer: Bougainville Island
[10] Upolu and Savai'i are the largest islands of this nation with capital at Apia which was visited by Louis de Bougainville.
Answer: Samoa
[10] Bougainville also explored this island with highest point at Mount Orohena and capital at Papeete, the largest of the Windward Islands in French Polynesia.
Answer: Tahiti
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The central character of this novel, Joji, is attracted to the title character, who is a European-looking waitress. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which the title character becomes extremely decadent after having English and piano lessons, and who manipulates Joji into being unable to leave her.
Answer: Naomi
[10] Naomi is a novel by this author of The Makioka Sisters and Diary of a Mad Old Man.
Answer: Tanizaki Juni'chiro
[10] Juni'chiro Tanizaki is also well-known for this novel, in which Kaname is extremely unhappily married to Misako.
Answer: Some Prefer Nettles

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