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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 06
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This man collaborated with King and Verba to write a book which claimed that qualitative and quantitative research share a common logic of inductance, Designing Social Inquiry. This man collected his essays in the publication International Institutions and State Power, while other works that this man wrote include Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Those ideas were revisited in this most recent work, Power and Interdependence in a Partially Globalized World. This man prognosticated about the state of politics after the current system in one work, claiming that greater cooperation will be possible through the use of international institutions. For ten points, identify this International Relations scholar, who wrote After Hegemony and along with Joseph Nye is considered the foremost exponent of the Neo-Liberal school.
Answer: Robert Keohane
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One pathway to synthesize this involves the condensation of anthranilate with phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 regulates the cytokine dependent catabolism of this molecule in dendritic cells, and consumption of large amounts of this chemical may result in eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Its namesake synthase exhibits substrate channeling by passing the intermediate through a tunnel before it reacts with serine. Deficiencies of a certain neurotransmitter can be caused by fructose malabsorbtion in the intestines as it lowers the level of this amino acid in the blood. That neurotransmitter, serotonin, is synthesized from this amino acid as are melatonin and niacin. For ten points, identify this amino acid with an indole functional group.
Answer: tryptophan
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This work quotes the composer's earlier aria "A kiss on the back of the hand", and may have received its name from a piano transcription by Peter Solomon. Notably without an introduction, this piece begins by a series of 16th notes that transition into a G, G-sharp, A motif that figures prominently throughout the piece. Those notes are accompanied by chords which the entire orchestra plays. The last movement of this four-movement piece is comprised of a fugue that incorporates all the major themes of the piece, which is preceded by a sonata. Comprised of an allegro, an andante, a menuetto, and a Molto Allegro, for ten points, identify this C major symphony which was the last composition of its type by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, named for a Roman god.
Answer: Symphony No. 41 in C, "Jupiter" (accept either part)
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While one character is extolling the virtues of yogurt, one character in this play says that "A conscientious doctor must die with his patient if they can't get well together" to which another notes that only the Royal Navy is honest in England. Two characters in this play discuss the death of Bobby Watson, and they note that his wife was also named Bobby Watson. One character in this play, who had extinguished another character's "first fires" recites a boring poem entitled "The Fire". That character is the maid, and she recites the poem after the Fire Chief arrives looking to extinguish a fire that had been announced three days previously. This play ends with the Martins replacing the Smiths and repeating their exact lines. For ten points, identify this Eugene Ionesco play about an unseen character whose hairdo never changes.
Answer: The Bald Soprano (also accept "La Cantratrice Chaude")
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Feldzeugmeister Ferenc Graf Gyulai erred in this battle by not moving quickly enough to destroy one force before their allies arrived. Another commander in this battle stationed his troops around Voghera and Pontecurone, and Count Stadion was able to push his opponents back past the cavalry at Casteggio . Philip Kearny won the Legion of Honor at this battle, becoming the first American to do so. This battle, which took place just south of Lake Galda, resulted in the Armistice of Villafranca shortly thereafter, which gave one party the Lombardy, but refused it Venetia. Victor Emmanuel commanded one force here, which was allied with one under Napoleon III, and which fought against one under Franz Joseph. For ten points, identify this victory of the Franco-Sicilian alliance over Austria, which ended the Second War of Italian Independence.
Answer: Battle of Solferino
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Part of this religion includes the denial of the tanzih, which can lead to shirk, and this religion draws an important distinction between zahir and batin. Baha' ad-Din as-Samuki closed this religion to outsiders in 1026, and this religion flourished in the southern Levant after a feudal ruler of this religion took over. The Juhhal of this religion are not permitted to learn the secret teachings, which the Uqqal may learn, and those teachings include the Anagoge, or light of God. This religion, which was revealed by Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad, uses a five colored star to represent its five ministers. For ten points, identify this off-shoot of Islam which is heavily influenced by Greek philosophy and Gnosticism.
Answer: Druze
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Governor Francis Head denied responsibility for this event and for the events at Fort Schlosser. After this event, Benjamin Lett murdered a loyalist involved in the violence, and retaliation for this event saw the Sir Robert Peel burned. Amos Dufee was killed in conjunction with this event, which was ordered by Allan McNab and Andrew Drew. The object at the center of this even was en route to Navy Island, where a Republic of Canada had been set up by William MacKenzie. General Winfield Scott was sent to quell hostility on the American border after this event, but the tensions surrounding this event were not alleviated until the Webster-Ashburton Treaty. For ten points, identify this event which nearly brought the US to war with Britain, in which a certain boat filled with arms was set on fire and sent over Niagara Falls.
Answer: The Caroline Affair
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These ensembles do not exhibit an energy gap according to the Hugenholtz-Pines theorem, so the Hartree free particle does not correspond to a physically valid one although, like the bright and dark solitons, the Hartree free particle satisfies the Gross-Piatevskii equation, which governs these systems. These systems form when internal degrees of freedom decouple from reaction coordinates, a phenomenon known as Feshbach resonance, which leads to the formation of Tonks-Girardeau gasses in two-dimensional systems. The formation of one of these phases can be understood as the collapse of integer-spin particles into a single ground state. For ten points, name this form of matter first observed in laser-cooled rubidium.
Answer: Bose-Einstein condensates (accept interacting Bose gasses)
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One vignette from this work finds a man asserting "Stuff I got should kill ya!" to which another replies "That's raw!" A vision sees "Little Jack Horner / Sitting on the corner / With no shoes and clothes." The narrator addresses several verses to an unknown second person, claiming "all the while, I think of you" of his "Vision-dreams of passion." This song's structure of chorus, then six verses of call and response, then four solo verses is broken when a section juxtaposing the jail time for "A street kid" and "A businessman" is followed by a rap about the reactions of "Atheletes," "governors," "Gangsters, thugs, and smugglers" to the titular substance. Choral sections in this song are punctuated with the word "Freebase!" For ten points, name this rap about cocaine somewhat spuriously attributed to Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five.
Answer: "White Lines (Don't Do It)"
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The protagonist of this novel knocks out a man at a country dance, and gets beat up by a man and a woman who are traveling to Memphis. Near the end of this novel, a man named Byron Birch falls in love with the mother of another character's baby, and is repulsed when he tries to sleep with her. The farmer McEachern attempts to raise the protagonist of this novel, but abuses him. One woman in this novel attempts to convert the protagonist and later fails to kill him because her pistol is antiquated, and her name is Joanna Burden. Joe Brown works with the protagonist at a sawmill and tries to pin the blame for a murder on him, while another character has a vision of a wheel and offers him shelter. For ten points, identify this novel about Gail Hightower and Joe Christmas, a novel by William Faulkner.
Answer: Light in August
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This waterway winds around the Choke Mountains before flowing through the Gezira Plain while its source is on Mount Gishe. Among its tributaries are the Dinder and Rahad rivers and the flow of this river is stopped by the Roseires and Sennar dams. Pedro Paez was the first European to find its source, although John Bermudez first described its Tis Issat Falls. Known as the Abbai in its country of origin, this river has its source near Lake Tana. For 10 points, name this river which begins in Ethiopia before joining with the "White" branch in Khartoum to form the longest river in the world.
Answer: Blue Nile [or an-Nil al-Azraq; accept Abbai before read]
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A separate attack at Dalny was arranged to occur simultaneously with this event, while one side of this event alleged that Sidney Reilly had given their defense plans to the other side. Two ships on one side of this battle were lost due to collision with each other, but the Pallada was quickly destroyed by a lucky torpedo strike. The Mikasa was the flagship for one side during this battle, and it was fired upon by the Boyarin during the second morning of this conflict. Oskar Stark commanded one side in this battle, which was fought against forces commanded by Heihachiro Togo. For ten points, identify this battle which began the Russo-Japanese war, in which the Russian were surprise shelled by the Japanese.
Answer: Battle of Port Arthur
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A cyclobutane containing this functional group is yielded after adipic acid reacts in the Franchimont reaction. Hydrolysis of trichloromethyl aryl ketimines produces an aromatic compound of this functional group in Houben-Fischer synthesis. Von Braun degradation produces compounds with this functional group, compounds that can also be produced from diazonium in the Sandmeyer reaction. Acidic hydrolysis of compounds with this function group produces carboxylic acids, while neutral hydrolysis produces ammonium salts of carboxylic acids. The tendency of this functional group to evolve a certain noxious gas leads to its alternative name of cyano. For ten points, identify this functional group, which consists of a carbon triple-bonded to a nitrogen.
Answer: nitrile (accept cyano or cyanide until "cyano" and prompt either afterwards; prompt on C triple-bond N or N triple-bond C)
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One figure in this painting is based on the Borghese Gladiator, while the left background of this painting shows several tall white buildings behind the masts of various ships with furled sails. One person in this painting is holding a rope, which trails over the side of a boat and floats in the water. A black man with a yellow scarf is looking on in horror at the action of this painting, while three women in white shirts are comforting each other. A bald man is holding two white-shirted children over the edge of a boat in this painting, while on the right, a blue-coated man is stabbing downward with a spear towards the title animal. For ten points, identify this painting which shows the attempted rescue of a frightened youth in a Havana harbor from a violent animal, which is a work of John Copley.
Answer: Watson and the Shark
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A notable scene in this novel involves a traditional firefly hunt, and that scene is preceded by another one at a cherry blossom viewing. One character in this novel is proud of her role as the mistress of the junior house in Ashiya. A harrowing flood begins the second part of this novel, which involves one character having recurring nightmares about her former suitor Itakura. That same character looks like a fallen woman due to premature aging, and is named Taeko. Another character in this novel has a blemish over her left eye, which leads to her having trouble attracting suitors. That character's name is Yukiko, and a proposal for her marriage opens this novel. Those two characters are related to Tsuruko and Sachiko, and those four women are the title group of this novel. For ten points, identify this novel by Junichiro Tanizaki.
Answer: The Makioka Sisters
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Alternate ideas that explain the major observation that these entities were hypothesized to explain include the theory of delamination, while evidence that argues for them includes helium abundance ratios in MORB's. The Luther-Whitehead model of these predicts abrupt widening near their tops, which may explain the Siberian Traps and resulting flood basalts. Models of the formation of these focus on the D-double-prime layer, which may be made of suducted lithosphere. The Hawaii'an-Emperor chain was used as evidence to support the theory behind these objects, which was stated by Morgan and Wilson. For ten points, identify these geological objects and which are pockets of abnormally hot rock under the crust and which were hypothesized to explain hot spots.
Answer: mantle plumes (prompt on plumes; do not accept or prompt on "hot spots")
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One court case dealing with this treaty, R v Symonds, found that it was still binding on the signatories. The second article of this document grants one nation exclusive control over Lands and Estates Forests Fisheries and other properties of the other signatory power, while the term rangatiratanga has caused interpretational problems for this treaty. Eruera Maihi Patuone was important in supporting the other side in this treaty, but was opposed by Te Kemara, while Governor Hobson was dispatched from Britain to sign this treaty for the other side. For ten points, identify this treaty between the British monarchy and various representatives of Maori tribesmen, which established New Zealand.
Answer: Treaty of Waitangi
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The third book of this work asks the question of how men are to know direct objectifications, which are irrelevant up close because in the particular, this book claims that the universe is indirect. That book also claims that the denial of one important concept of this work allows a contemplator to examine an object and receive aesthetic pleasure. The last book of this work claims that one must rise above individuation to triumph over the world. The second book of this work claims that knowledge exists to serve one of its title concepts. One concept outlined in this book requires science, logic, morality, and metaphysics to be valid, and reduces the twelve Kantian criteria to a single Principle of Sufficient reason. For ten points, identify this eastern-influenced and best known work by Arthur Schopenhauer.
Answer: The World as Will and Idea (also accept "The World as Will and Representation")
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One character in this play is disguised as a French musician and uses that to kill two characters with a bouquet of poisoned flowers. Another character is tricked into knocking down and already-strangled man, which causes him to be falsely blamed for his death.. Don Lodowick and Don Mathias are tricked into marrying the title character's daughter, and the prostitute Bellamira convinces Ithamore to extort money from another character. The title character of this play allows the Turks into the city, but turns around and sells it back to the conquered people The title character of this play is the father of Abigail and fakes his death by drinking poppy and cold mandrake juice, but later falls through a floor into a cauldron of boiling oil. For ten points, identify this play about Barabas, a work by Christopher Marlowe.
Answer: The Jew of Malta
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In one mythos, Queen Signy was said to have lost a mead-brewing contest after applying to this deity for help. This deity was met in a cave by Hyndla, who accuses her of being false, to which this deity replies that Hyndla is dull. This deity possesses the boar Hildisvini, which she sometimes rides. This deity was said to have created the system of Seid, and owns a cloak made out of falcon feathers that allow her to change into a bird. This deity was the owner of the famous Brisingamen necklace, and rides in a chariot drawn by cats. This ruler of Folkvangr received half of the slain after their death along with Odin. For ten points, identify this blonde-haired goddess of beauty and love in Norse mythology.
Answer: Freya
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A pink flamingo under a full moon is to the left of the title character in one of this man's paintings, which shows a naked woman playing a flute while a snake crawls out of a tree. In addition to The Snake Charmer, this man portrayed himself with a gigantic moustache in Self-Portrait with Lamp and showed a hawk-nosed naked woman on a couch in the middle of a jungle with huge birds in The Dream. This artist of Tiger in a Tropical Storm (Surprised!) painted two white birds on branches over dark animals in The Merry Jesters, but may be better known for a painting in which a wooden guitar lies on a sand dune under the full moon while a lion nuzzles the title person of another painting. For ten points, identify this Fauvist who painted a tired black woman in his work The Sleeping Gypsy.
Answer: Henri Julien Felix Rousseau
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 06
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These are variations in the DNA sequence that can be detected using enzymes like EcoRI or BamH1. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify these genomic DNA variations detected by restriction digestion and subsequent gel electrophoresis.
Answer: restriction fragment length polymorphisms or RFLP
[10] In this procedure, following electrophoresis, the gel is placed in an alkaline solution to denature double-stranded DNA, and then baked with a sheet of nitrocellulose before being exposed to a hybridization probe. The pattern of hybridization is then visualized via x-ray.
Answer: Southern Blot
[10] Non-specific binding of the probe can be reduced using this detergent, often known simply as SDS.
Answer: sodium dodecyl sulfate
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This dude's namesake equations are a primitive form of density functional theory as they explicitly cast quantum mechanics with probability density and probability current density as dependent variables. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this physical chemist whose first namesake equation is the continuity equation for the Born probability density and whose second namesake equation is an implicit form the time-dependent Schrodinger equation.
Answer: Erwin Madelung
[10] Madelung is better known for his namesake constant, which is proportional to this quantity, the enthalpy change in the conventional last step of the Born-Haber cycle.
Answer: the lattice enthalpy (or lattice energy or binding enthalpy or binding energy; prompt on U-sub-L or H-sub-L)
[10] Madelung's rule is also known as the n-plus-l rule and is at the hart of this principle.
Answer: the aufbau principle
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This poem recounts the story of an attendant of the god of wealth, who asks the title object to visit his wife for him. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this epic poem by Kalidasa.
Answer: The Couud Messenger (Also accept Megadutha)
[10] Another work by Kalidasa is this one, in which Dushyanta recognizes the title character while on a hunting trip, but that title character is later cursed by an elederly sage.
Answer: Shakuntala
[10] A further work by Kalidasa is thi son, in which a nymph returns to the earth for her love, King Pururavas, but is cursed to die the moment she sets eyes on him.
Answer: Pertaining to Vikrama and Urvashi
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Elbridge Gerry, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and John Marshall were party to this affair on the American side. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this diplomatic incident in which French negotiators asked for a bribe, known by three anonymity-preserving letters.
Answer: The XYZ Affair
[10] Directly resulting from the XYZ affair, this term refers to the period of undeclared and limited war between the United States and France in 1798.
Answer: The Quasi-War
[10] This treaty, based on the Model Agreement, ended the Quasi-War.
Answer: Convention of 1800 (also accept "Treaty of Mortfortaine")
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This man wasn't a big fan of the law of effect, but he did come up with his own theory, which he called a "sign Gestalt" originally. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this important psychologist, who did lots of experiments on rats and called himself a purposive behaviorist.
Answer: Edward Chace Tolman
[10] Those sign gestalts more commonly go by this term, which refers to a web of associations that provide context and aid learning.
Answer: cognitive maps
[10] This man opposed Tolman's model of learning, instead arguing that rote learning is the most effective. This creator of Drive Theory wrote Mathematico-Deductive Theory of Rote Learning.
Answer: Clark Hull
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The point spectrum of this operator corresponds to bound states of its corresponding system. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this operator corresponding to the total energy of a system that, in the coordinate representation, contains a coordinate Laplacian.
Answer: the Hamiltonian operator (prompt on H)
[10] One concise way of stating this equation is to equate the operating of the Hamiltonian with the operation of an energy operator, which is either a constant or a scaled time partial.
Answer: the Schrodinger equation
[10] Bounds for the state energies of Hamiltonian systems can be found using one of these, which utilizes the spatial integral of an assumed wavefunction times the Hamiltonian operating on the assumed wavefunction's conjugate, because that integral is minimized by the actual wavefunction.
Answer: quantum mechanical variational principle
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This character suffers from an extremely sexy learning disorder, sexlexia. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this dashing captain from Futurama, who has a thing for Leela and who works for the DOOP as a 25 star general with his assistant Kif Kroker.
Answer: Captain Zapp Brannigan (accept either name)
[10] This Decapoidian Planet staff doctor thinks that food is digested in the heart and can't tell the difference between humans and robots. His fantasy is to become a grandmother, and he's hated by Hermes.
Answer: Doctor Zoidberg
[10] The protagonist of most Futurama episodes is this pizza delivery guy, who was mistakenly cryogenically frozen for one thousand years.
Answer: Phillip J. Fry
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This novel is composed of four parts, including Un Perm' au Casino Hermann Goering and In the Zone. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel by Thomas Pynchon about the Schwarzgerat device, which begins with the story of an employee of ACHTUNG, Pirate Prentice.
Answer: Gravity's Rainbow
[10] Thomas Pynchon also wrote this novel, his first, about Benny Profane and the Whole Sick Crew, as well as Herbert Stencil's search for the title entity.
Answer: V.
[10] Thomas Pynchon collected his short stories in this work, which includes "under the Rose", "The Small Rain", and "Entropy".
Answer: Slow Learner
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The site of the 1835 Male Revolt, this city includes the Ondina Beach while Itaparica Island lies across from its All Saints Bay, FTPE:,
[10] Name this third largest city of Brazil which served as its first colonial capital.
Answer: Sao Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos
[10] Salvador da Bahia was replaced as capital by this city near the Tijuca Forest and Guanabara Bay which was itself replaced by Brasilia.
Answer: Rio de Janeiro
[10] Lying on the Guaiba River, this other Brazilian port city grew out of the harbor Viamao and is the capital of Rio Grande do Sul.
Answer: Porto Alegre
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This man was the only French monarch to be canonized. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ruler who died during the Eighth Crusade, although he converted to Islam at Sidi Bou Said.
Answer: Louis IX
[10] Louis IX is notable for purchasing a fragment of the True Cross and the Crown of Thorns from this financially destitute king, who also gave his son away to Venetian merchants for guarantees of loans.
Answer: Baldwin II of Constantinople
[10] Louis IX was taken prisoner by the Egyptians at this battle of the Seventh Crusade, which had him facing the forces of Turanshah.
Answer: Battle of Fariskur
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This battle was a defeat for King Porus, even though he used the excellent tactic of war elephants. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this battle on a Punjabi river, a victory for the invaders, which granted control of Punjab to the victor, who had passed through the Khyber Pass previously.
Answer: Battle of the Hydaspes
[10] Hydaspes was a victory for this Macedonian prince, who may have conquered some other territory at some point.
Answer: Alexander the Great
[10] Alexander the Great was prevented from advancing to the east by this group of people, which preceded the Maurya people and which had been ruled by the Nanda Dynasty. They had a large supply of the dreaded war elephants.
Answer: Magadha Empire
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This six-movement suite includes a movement that utilizes ascending and descending chromatic scales to evoke a swamp. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this suite which includes Golliwog's Cakewalk, and also Jimbo's Lullaby and The Snow is Dancing.
Answer: The Children's Corner
[10] The Children's Corner was written by this composer of a bunch of Preludes, including one to a Stephane Mallarme poem, The Afternoon of a Faun.
Answer: Achille-Claude Debussy
[10] Claude Debussy was a great admirer of this French virtuoso pianist, whose own works include The Four Ages of Man and Funeral March for the Death of a Parrot.
Answer: Charles-Valentin Alkan
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The narrator of this novel is working on a book about the Buddha. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel, which also includes the French prostitute Hortense, and the title character, who helps boss open a lignite mine and is a robust 60 year old man before sleeping with Hortense.
Answer: Zorba the Greek
[10] Identify the Greek author of Zorba the Greek, who also wrote The Last Temptation of Christ.
Answer: Nicolas Kazantzakis
[10] This other 20th century Greek writer won the Nobel prize before Odysseas Elytis, and wrote three "Deck Diaries", in addition to his works "The Cistern" and "Tales of Mystery".
Answer: Giorgos Seferis
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This theorem states a vector field tangent to a sphere is somewhere zero. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this topological theorem.
Answer: the hairy ball theorem
[10] The hairy ball theorem is a corollary to the Brouwer theorem of this type, which applies to continuous functions from one unit ball to another. In general, they imply that a function is somewhere equal to its variable.
Answer: fixed point theorems
[10] The hairy ball theorem is a special case of this theorem, which states that the index of a vector field with finitely many zeros on an orientable surface is equal to the Euler characteristic of the surface.
Answer: the Poincare-Hopf index theorem
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This man designed the Minnesota State Capital. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this designer of the classical-column like Spalding Building, who also constructed a building in New York covered in terra cotta in 1913.
Answer: Cass Gilbert
[10] Identify that building designed by Cass Gilbert, the tallest skyscraper at the time, which contains a mural of its namesake holding nickels and dimes.
Answer: Woolworth Building
[10] Cass Gilbert also designed the Public Library and the Art Museum for this Midwestern city.
Answer: St. Louis, Missouri
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Despite the objections of Theodore Fruylinghausen, this act was passed in 1830. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this law signed and supported by Andrew Jackson, which forced Native Americans to leave their homes and emigrate westward.
Answer: The Indian Removal Act of 1830
[10] Another piece of legislation affecting Native Americans is this one, named for a Massachusetts Senator, which seized tribal land and divided it into parcels handed out to Native American residents.
Answer: The Dawes Act (also accept "General Allottment Act")
[10] This act, which modified the Dawes Act, changed its citizenship requirements to 25 years of continual residence and allowed the Secretary of the Interior to favor Indians with European heritage.
Answer: Burke Act (also accept "Forced Fee Patenting Act")
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This man connected the concepts of the illocutionary act and another concept, which involves doing thinks like naming things and making promises. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ordinary language philosopher, who wrote How to Do Things With Words and A Plea for Excuses.
Answer: John Langshaw Austin
[10] J. L. Austin also wrote this tract, which goes after Ayer's assertions in The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. This book is basically an extended refutation of the sense-data hypothesis.
Answer: Sense and Sensibilia
[10] This is that aforementioned concept, in which an action is taken simply because of the speaking of words. For instance, if Barack Obama said the shah'hadah, he would become a Muslim by virtue of that religion's tenets and this concept.
Answer: a performative utterance
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This painting features two figures standing on platform of blue and multicolored hues against a bronze background. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this painting from the artist's gold period, in which a man and a woman embrace while the man holds the woman's face in order to perform the title action.
Answer: The Kiss
[10] Identify the artist of The Kiss, who also painted Buchenwald, Gold Fish (To My Critics), and the Judith series.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
[10] Klimt painted three paintings for the Unviersity of Vienna, including Philosophy, Jurisprudence, and this one, which shows a brown haired woman dressed in red and gold who's holding a golden serpent.
Answer: Medicine
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Vishnu took the form of this avatar to hold a mountain on his back to prevent the ocean from churning too high. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this second avatar of Vishnu, which is a tortoise.
Answer: Kurma
[10] The sixth avatar of Vishnu is this one, which is pretty much a different avatar/mortal king, but with an axe. He got that axe after he did penance for Shiva, and he got some crazy revenge after the death of Jamadagni.
Answer: Parashurama
[10] This tenth, and final, avatar of Vishnu will appear to end the present eon of darkness and despair, leaving only himself to remain.
Answer: Kalki
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The title character of this novel vacillates between Clara Middleton and Laetitia Dale. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel by George Meredith.
Answer: The Egoist
[10] Identify the protagonist of the egoist, who can't figure out why Laetitia wants to break off her engagement to him.
Answer: Sir Willoughby Patterne (accept either answer)
[10] In addition to Modern Love and Diana of the Crossways, George Meredith wrote this novel about Sir Austin, who attempts to educate his son, the title character, by denying him sexually.
Answer: The Ordeal of Richard Feverel

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