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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 05
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Braun's conjecture regards this person's namesake problem, which is to establish the uniqueness of multiplication of integers. This thinker's namesake transformation of z is given by z minus a all over one minus a-bar z and all conformal self-maps of the unit disc are a form of it. Dividing a Dirichlet series by a zeta function effects this mathematician's transform, which is inverted using the generating function of one over the zeta function for his function; applying that function to the Euler function yields the divisor function, while applying it to an integer m yields minus one to the m if m is the product of n distinct primes and yields zero otherwise. Figures discovered by him include a pair of mutually inscribed tetrahedra and a non-orientable surface having only has one side when embedded in three-space. For ten points, identify mathematician best known for his aforementioned namesake strip.
Answer: August Ferdinand Mobius
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This civilization used a system of local government administered by obirempon . In an alliance with the Ga people, this civilization fought against the Fante, Akwapim and Akim. Joseph Dupuis was the first British Consul for the region under this civilization's control, and this civilization came to prominence under the leadership of Oti Akenten, who defeated the Denkiyra. General Woolsley famously fought against this civilization, and in 1900, this people had a notable uprising. Osei Tutu was the first leader of the confederation that became this people, and a relic holy to this people fell out of the sky into his lap. For ten points, identify this empire which venerated the Golden Stool and which had a center at Kumasi.
Answer: The Ashanti
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A conflict in this play arises over the gift of a sapphire bracelet, which occurs after characters spend time playing cribbage and crocheting. Two servants in this play enjoy speculating about the contents of mail, and their names are Anise and Joseph. The matriarch in this play accuses her son of being late for nine o'clock breakfast, and perhaps being unable to meet Bodo, Babette, and Joshua's parents. A character named Teck threatens to leave for California, likes to visit the German embassy, and his wife Marthe is being courted by David, but later, he demands ten thousand dollars of hush money. Tech is later beaten by Kurt Muller, who is married to Sara and whose arrival is anticipated at the start of this play. For ten points, identify this play about Fanny Farrelly, written about the Nazi threat by Lillian Hellman.
Answer: Watch on the Rhine
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One of this figure's children was the lover of Etain, which got his wife Faumnach angry, causing her to attempt revenge on him. Another of this figure's children either married or was raped by Gearoid Iarla and was the Goddess of love and the sun. This father of Midir and Aine died at the battle of Magh Tuiredh, and allowed was tricked when Aengus was instructed to ask his father if he could live in the Bru for a day and a night. This god had an affair with Boenn and possessed two magical pigs, in addition to his harp Daurdabla. This god also possessed a club that could kill nine men at once and a never-empty cauldron. For ten points, identify this god slain by Cethlenn, who took over as ruler of the Tuatha da Danaan after Nuada was slain.
Answer: The Dagda
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The revision of the earliest composed part of this piece adds both a baritone and a tympani, but only in that specific movement, and that revision has been praised by John Rutter. This piece notably calls for a cantor baritone, and originally used neither brass nor woodwind. The text to this work notably omits a reference to the faithful departed, leaving only "the departed", while he also omits one verse completely. Utilizing clarinets only in its Pie Jesu movement, this piece calls for expanded percussion in its last movement, In Paradisum. The Kyrie movement of this piece is the only movement that utilizes Greek, while the rest use originalLatin. For ten points, identify this musical setting of the Catholic Mass for the Dead, which was written by Gabriel Faure.
Answer: Requiem
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The participants in this event burned an effigy of a man who had slashed their wages, who responded by building a twelve foot high fence with rifle holes and barbed wire. Alexander Berkman attempted to assassinate one of the participants, which also saw William McCleary asked Philander Knox to intervene in this event. Henry C. Frick was the general manager of the factory at the center of this event, which was owned by Andrew Carnegie. The Pinkerton Detective Agency exchanged gunfire with the participants of this event, who were subdued by the state militia. For ten points, identify this strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, which took place at steel mill in a certain Pennsylvania town.
Answer: Homestead Strike
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The first intermediate in this reaction is in the form of successive of resonance hybrids, the second of which has its central carbon deprotonated to re-form the moiety that previously attacked an amino hydrogen and the first of which sees a double-migration form an N-N double bond and break an N-C double bond. The first neutral intermediate in this reaction is a compound in which a central carbon is single-bonded to two functional groups and double-bonded to a nitrogen single-bonded to an amine; it's thus a hydrazone. If the product of this reaction is desired from base-susceptible reactants, one can employ its acid analogue, the Clemmensen reduction. Because this reaction requires the highly dangerous heating of hydrazine, a non-volatile-solvent modification of it named for Huang and Minlon is highly preferable. For ten points, identify this reaction, the basic reduction of a ketone or aldehyde to an alkane.
Answer: the Wolff-Kishner reduction
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One of the title figures of this painting has intimate detail on the two brooches that secure his garment at the shoulders, which are depicted next to the jeweled sash that crosses his chest from left to right. That tabard is worn over a white garment with scenes painted on its sleeves, and although the background of this painting is insdistinct, three or four bricks are set out from the wall on the left. The illumination from the left side of this painting highlights the title character's hand on the head of a statue which depicts a bearded blind man. For ten points, identify this portrait of a philosopher with his hand on the head of the author of The Iliad, a work by Rembrandt van Rijn.
Answer: Aristotle Contemplating a Bust of Homer
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The speaker of this poem asserts that "As from thy presence showers a rain of melody/Like a poet hidden/In the light of thought". In one stanza, the title of this poem is compared to a rose embowr'd, while immediately previously, it is compared to a glow-worm golden in a dell of dew." When one personage in this poem speaks, "The moon rains out her beams, and heaven is overflow'd", and it's earlier compared to a "star of heaven/In the broad daylight." The narrator of this poem asks "Teach me half the gladness/That thy brain must know". The title creature of this poem is compared to a cloud of fire, and at the start of the poem, the narrator addresses it by saying "Hail to thee, blithe spirit!" For ten points, identify this ode by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Answer: "To a Skylark"
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This effect explains pressure broadening of spectral lines by changed particles, which is its namesake broadening. This effect's namesake spectroscopy is used to determine molecular rotational constants and is more effective at probing low-J transitions. A harmonic analogue of this effect is known as the Autler-Townes effect and can be induced by lasers. The explanation of this effect by the Schrodinger equation was the first successful application of first-order perturbation theory to quantum mechanics; it may be explained semi-classically as a field polarizing an atom, then interacting with the resulting electric dipole. For ten points, identify this effect in which spectral lines are split by a strong electric field.
Answer: the first-order Stark effect
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One of this city's central districts contains a plan by Ildefons Cerda which created octagonal blocks, and also contains the Casa Terrades, which was built by Puig y Cadafalch. That city is the protected Eixample district, and like Mexico City, this city contains a rather phallic blue and red glass building called the Torre Agbar. This city contains a building with a checkered facade called the Casa Vicens, but more notable may be this city's Park Guell, which was designed by a Spanish architect. That archtitect also notably designed a building that is still in the process of construction, but will contain 18 towers when it is finished. For ten points, identify this city which contains many buildings designed by Antonio Gaudi, including the Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia.
Answer: Barcelona, Spain
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In one of this man's short stories, Mrs. Horiguchi refuses further treatment at a hospital to benefit her Kabuki actor husband, while in another, Inouye fetches a bronze figurine to distract the narrator from a pornographic pictures seller. This author of "Retreating Figures" and "The Day Before" also wrote "Despicable Bastard", and a novel in which Takamoria and Tomoe are the penpals of Gaston Bonaparte, who arrives in Japan on a third rate steamship. This author of Wonderful Fool and While I Whistle may be better known for a novel about a priest named Father Velasco, who is escorted by Rokuemon Hasekura from Mexico to Rome. This author's best known novel is about a Portugese missionary who's expelled from Japan during the Edo period. For ten points, identify this author of The Samurai and Silence.
Answer: Endo Shusaku (also accept "Paul Endo")
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The cities of San Ubaldo, El Morrito and La Virgen lie on its shores while the Mancarron, San Fernando and La Venada are the largest islands of one of its archipelagos. The Mombacho volcano lies on its shore, while the Tistian Isthmus connects its volcanoes of Concepcion and Maderas. Bordered to the west by the Rivas Isthmus, this body of water is fed by the Tipitapa and San Juan rivers. Containing the Solentiname archipelago as well as the Zapatera and Ometepe islands, the city of Granada is the largest on its shores. For 10 points, name this freshwater lake in Central America whose name comes from the nation with its capital at Managua.
Answer: Lake Nicaragua [or Cocibolca; or Granada; or Mar Dulce; or Gran Lago]
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This man wrote poetry like the poem "On the Decline of the Church". This man was taken into custody along with Fra Domenico da Pescia and Fra Silvestro, and this man wrote the meditations Tristitia obsedit me and Infelix Ego. This man believed that King Charles VIII of France would prove to be an agent of the Last Days. One of this man's first acts as leader was to make sodomy a capital offense, and while this man was giving a speech on Acension Day, citizens of his city rioted. Picco della Mirandola requested that this man return to Florence, which he did, and he ran the Church of San Marco. For ten points, identify this Dominican Friar, an enemy of Alexander VI who enjoyed burning books and art in events like his Bonfire of the Vanities.
Answer: Girolamo Savonarola
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Heinrich von Thune based his theory of land value on this concept in his treatise The Isolated State, in which he illustrated it utilizing a series of concentric circles termed his "rings." This concept also underlies Hotelling's rule, which gives a function for obtaining maximum rent while utilizing all of one's capital. This concept is the reason that a firm's short-run marginal cost curves will slope upward as the number of units of output increases, and in addition to explaining why the PPF is convex, it was key to Ricardo's understanding of rent. For ten points, identify this concept which states that the yields of production gradually decrease as production increases.
Answer: Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns (or "Law of Variable Proportions")
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This author collected his short stories in works like Western Septet and Let Us Follow Him. In one of this author's novel, the daughter of Jurand is kidnapped and is the rival of Jagienka for the love of Zbyszko. Michael Wolodyjowski refuses to flee and dies in the city of Kamieniec at the end of one of another of this author's novels. In addition to The Knights of the Cross and Pan Michael, this author wrote a novel about Stefan Czarniecki entitled The Deluge. Jan Skrzetuski falls in love with the orphaned princess Helena in one of this author's historic novels, while in another, Nero sets Rome on fire and blames the Christians, later causing St. Peter to ask Jesus the titular question on the Appian Way. For ten points, identify this author of a trilogy that began with With Fire and Sword and of the historical novel Quo Vaids, a Pole.
Answer: Henryk Sienkiewicz
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Bob Dylan's version of "All Along the Watchtower" is featured in this movie, which also features a scene in which a character notes that he's tired of all this Lawrence Welk shit during his dinner. One character in this movie enjoys Reanimator, A cut storyline from this movie involved one character's lover being lost in the Vietnam War, which would have explained his reticence to talk to the gay neighbors that greet him when he moves into the neighborhood. The protagonist of this movie trades in his Camry for a Mustang after getting genetically enhanced weed from a film-obsessed character played by Wes Bentley who considers his most beautiful footage to be a plastic bag dancing in the wind. For ten points, identify this movie in which Anette Benning and Kevin Spacey play Lester and Carolyn Burnham, which is named for a type of rose.
Answer: American Beauty
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This molecule's Glu-461 serves as a general acid, while in E.Coli, Glu-537 serves as the nucleophile for a substitution reaction. An autosomal recessive disease resulting in dwarfism can result from a deficiency of this in humans and is called type B Morquio syndrome. Substrates for this enzyme include a glycosphingolipid that can accumulate and cause Tay-Sachs, ganglioside GM1, and induction of this protein's synthesis can be achieved via treatment with IPTG. This functionality of this enzyme is dependent on the association of Z alpha and Z omega subunits, and disruption of one of those can be used to perform the trademark blue/white screening assay to test for recombinant clones. For ten points, identify this hydrolase enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of a certain polysaccharide into monosaccharides.
Answer: beta-galactosidase
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This man punished Hiram Pauling for landing troops in Nicaragua by removing him from his command and later attempted to repatriate William Walker. Along with Duncan McArthur, this man signed the Treaty of Fort Meigs, and this supporter of the filibusters served as the Ambassador to France until 1842, and in a more famous position, he worked on the Indian Removal Policy as Andrew Jackson's secretary of war. This man succeeded William Hull to become the second governor of his home territory, and later served as the Secretary of State for James Buchanan. In his most famous election, this man was the running mate of William Orlando Butler. For ten points, identify this Michigan Senator who lost the 1848 Presidential election to Zachary Taylor.
Answer: Lewis Cass
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In one of this man's early works, he praised the subtitular "Genius of Lucretius" in his The Philosophy of Poetry. This author of the essays "The Meaning of War" and "The Evolution of German Imperialism" also wrote about relativity in Duration and Simultaneity with Reference to Einstein's Theory. In one of this philosopher's works, he contends that intuition is superior to analysis because it is innate, and he derided the application of the scientific method to the humanities. In addition to Introduction to Metaphysics, this philosopher wrote The Creative Mind and a treatise on the meaning of the comic, entitled Laughter. This philosopher may be the most famous for a work in which he praised a certain force for its ability to inspire artistic works. For ten points, identify this philosopher who wrote about elan vital in Creative Evolution.
Answer: Henri-Louis Bergson
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This man wrote the novel Morning Winter and Night, in addition to a poetry collection addressed to You Who Have Dreams. This man wrote a play about an McClean, is a freshman congressman who hates Washington and who is entangled in graft involving his fiance's father in Both Your Houses, as well as one about Van Van Dorn, who is determined not to sell the titular mountain peak, High Tor. In another play, Mio Romagna attempts to prove his father Bartolmeo's innocence, an adaptation of the Sacco and Venzetti trials. In addition to Winterset, this playwright collaborated with Laurence Stallings on an exposition of the disillusionment of World War II soliders. For ten points, identify this author of What Price of Glory?, an American.
Answer: Maxwell Anderson (also accept "John Nairne Michaelson")
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 05
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to this lemma, in a chemical system, the number of equilibrium degrees of freedom is equal to the number of species plus two minus the number of the namesake states. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this rule, according to which the intensive variables of a pure substance are fixed at a triple point.
Answer: the Gibbs' Phase Rule
[10] The Gibbs' phase rule can be derived from this equation, according to which the sum over species of the species particle number times differential of species chemical potential is equal to volume times differential of pressure minus entropy times differential of temperature.
Answer: the Gibbs-Duhem equation
[10] The terms that appear in the Gibbs-Duhem equation are products of one of these with the differential its counterpart. In general, these are variables such that the internal energy is expressible as a linear combination of each with its counterpart.
Answer: thermodynamic conjugate variables
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This novel begins when Ashima and Ashoke Ganguli move from India to Cambridge, Massachusetts. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel, in which the boy Nikolai is named for the author of The Nose and The Overcoat. That character ends up marrying Moushumi Mazoomdar, but breaks it off after she cheats on him with a French guy.
Answer: The Namesake
[10] The Namesake is a novel by this Indian-American writer, who also recently wrote her second collection of short stories, Unaccustomed Earth.
Answer: Jhumpa Lahiri
[10] Jhumpa Lahiri's first short story collection is this one, which includes "Sexy", "A Temporary Matter", and "The Treatment of Bibi Haldar".
Answer: The Interpreter of Maladies
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Identify the following about the versatility of Robin Williams, FTPE.,
[10] Robin provided the voice of this character in two of the Aladdin films, who at the start was confined to an "itty-bitty living space."
Answer: Genie
[10] In this film, Robin's character purchases a Neon Genesis Evangelion action figure, and as a child was forced into posing for child pornography by his father, which is why he confronted William Yorkin, who was having an affair.
Answer: One Hour Photo
[10] In Spielberg movie, Robin has a small role as Dr. Know, a holographic personality who eventually directs David to the top of the Rockefeller Center.
Answer: A.I.: Artificial Intelligence
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Nearly 200 women and children were killed in this event in the Colorado territory. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this attack on the Cheynne and Arapaho, which occurred shortly after John Chivington defeatedforces led by Black Kettle and White Antelope.
Answer: Sand Creek Massacre
[10] The Sand Creek Massacre occurred after the signing of this 1852 treaty, which granted land between the western Rocky Mountains and Kansas to the indigenous Indians.
Answer: Treaty of Fort Laramie
[10] The Native American aggressions which led to the Sand Creek Massacre were primarily perpetrated by this splinter Cheyenne group, originally led by the disgraced Porcupine Bear.
Answer: The Dog Soldiers (also accept "Hotametaneo'o)
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It begins with its namesake bulb and ends with the ligament of Treitz. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this hollow, jointed tube connecting the stomach and jejunum.
Answer: duodenum
[10] These tubular submucosal glands are found in the duodenum above the sphincter of Oddi. They secrete an alkaline solution that protects the duodenum from the acidic chyme.
Answer: Brunner's glands or pancreal glands
[10] The duodenum also secretes this enzyme that breaks down starch into sugar. It is also a component of saliva.
Answer: amylase
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This man wrote Learned Optimism and Authentic Happiness. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this psychologist, who pioneered positive psychology, and whose most famous concept was written about in What You Can Change and What You Can't.
Answer: Martin Seligman
[10] In What you can Change and What You Can't, Seligman wrote about this concept, which is a debilitating inability to change unpleasant circumstances even when the physical means of doing so is obtainable.
Answer: learned helplessness
[10] Another psychologist who wrote about happiness was this man, who wrote The Art of Loving and Escape from Freedom.
Answer: Erich Fromm
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Joe Keller places the blame for indirectly killing 21 pilots because of faulty parts in this play on Steven Deever. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play, in which Kate Keller hates her husband and mourns her son Larry.
Answer: All My Sons
[10] All My Sons is a work by this playwright, who wrote The American Clock and Incident at Vichy.
Answer: Arthur Asher Miller
[10] Arthur Miller also wrote this play, in which Abigail and a bunch of other girls accuse various Salem residents of being witches. Other characters include Goody Proctor and the amusingly named Tituba.
Answer: The Crucible
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Bayer first described these structures as symmetric B-trees. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these binary search trees that can insert in big O of log n time, where n is the node number, and which require nodes to have an alternating secondary property.
Answer: red-black trees
[10] Red-black trees are typically used to implement this type of structure, in which a set of unique keys is injectively mapped onto a set of values. These structures are also commonly implemented using hash tables.
Answer: associative arrays (accept associative hashes or associative dictionaries; prompt on arrays or hashes or dictionaries)
[10] Red-black trees and AVL trees have this property, which means their height is bounded by the ceiling of the binary logarithm of the number of nodes. Any tree with this property has logarithmic lookup, insertion, and removal.
Answer: balance (accept self-balancing)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man illegally stole a bunch of documents from his Chief of Intelligence, Vladimiro Montesores. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this former Peruvian head of state who spent most of his time in the Cambio 90 party and was forced to resign in 200.
Answer: Alberto Fujimori
[10] Alberto Fujimori was notable for his tough stance on terrorism, which resulted in this Maoist terrorist group being annihilated under his administration.
Answer: Shining Path (or Sendero Luminoso)
[10] Although he was succeeded by Valentin Paniagua, the first full Prime Minister of Peru after Alberto Fujimori is this man, who currently serves in that spot.
Answer: Alejandro Toledo y Manrique
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Identify these prominent female artists, for ten points each.,
[10] This artist befriended Edgar Degas and portrayed two young girls on a beach in her work Summertime, in addition to works like Maternal Kiss, At the Opera, After the Bullfight, and Little Girl in a Blue Armchair.
Answer: Mary Cassatt
[10] This artist portrayed herself in a straw hat in one self-portrait, in addition to painting Marie Antoinette and another self-portrait with her daughter.
Answer: Elizabeth Vigee-Le Brun
[10] This artist, whose Casa Azul has been made into a museum, painted The Love Embrace of the Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl. Her other works include Fruits of the Earth and Self-Portrait with Monkey.
Answer: Frida Kahlo
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The treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle ended this war. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this war which saw French troops take over the Spanish Netherlands, but give it all back when confronted with England, Sweden, and the Dutch.
Answer: War of the Devolution
[10] The War of the Devolution was fought under this King, whose other accomplishments include building a pretty big palace out of a hunting lodge at Versailles.
Answer: Louis XIV (also accept "Louis the Sun King")
[10] In addition to the Spanish Netherlands, the French invaded this Burgundian region in the east. The forces here were commanded by Pierre de Conde.
Answer: Franche-Comte
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One incarnation of this Batman villain has the ability to form quartz crystals, becoming his "Ultimate" variety. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this fearful Batman villain, whose earlier incarnations include Preston Payne and Matt Hagen. This villain's flesh melts, and he must touch others to spread the melting infection so that he can survive.
Answer: Clayface
[10] Another Batman personage is this teen, named Lonnie Machen, an anti-government crusader who owns an electric baton and a grappling hook, as well as some pretty retro bombs.
Answer: Anarky
[10] A more well-known Batman villain is this one, recently portrayed by Heath Ledger, who looks like a deranged clown and whose assistant is Harley Quinn.
Answer: The Joker
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem describes the title character as a "Smart lad, to slip betimes away/From fields where glory does not stay". For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, in which the title character is "brought home shoulder high" and "chaired through the market-place" the day after he won his town the race.
Answer: "To An Athlete Dying Young"
[10] This poem, which also appears in A Shropshire Lad, the speaker is advised to `Give crowns and pounds and guineas /But not your heart away", and is also advised that the heart out of the bosom tis never given in vain.
Answer: "When I Was One and Twenty"
[10] One dead character in this Housman poem asks if his girl "is tired of weeping/As she lies down to eve?", to which his living friend replies Your girl is well contented/ Be still, my lad, and sleep."
Answer: "Is My Team ploughing?"
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This king is the son of Tyro and either Poseidon or Cretheus. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this mythological king, who was holding some Olympics in Iolcus after he locked Aeson in a dungeon, and who had earlier killed Sidero.
Answer: Pelias
[10] Pelias is more notable for sending Jason on his quest to find this hard-to-obtain mythological object after he noticed that Jason was wearing only one sandal.
Answer: The Golden Fleece
[10] Pelias told this son of Aeson and brother of Jason that the Argo had sunk, an act that he did shortly before he had this man executed.
Answer: Promachus
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This phenomenon occurs because atoms with odd numbers of protons have a moment that can be made to precess in a steady B-field and will then have large responses to a cross-applied RF B-field. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this effect, which is used in a namesake form of spectroscopy that seeks to measure a quantity called the chemical shift.
Answer: nuclear magnetic resonance (prompt on magnetic resonance)
[10] NMR takes advantage of the quantum form of this type of precession, in which the magnetic moment of a charged particle rotates about an applied magnetic field.
Answer: Larmor precession (prompt on precession of the magnetic moment)
[10] This is the constant of proportionality between the applied magnetic induction and the frequency of Larmor precession because it is the constant of proportionality between a body's angular momentum and magnetic moment.
Answer: the gyromagnetic ratio (prompt on gamma)
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This event was ended by the events of the Bloody Week. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this two month long nineteenth century event in which a proletarian regime took over the namesake city. Some events during this period include the Jules Ferry laws and a marked increase in feminism.
Answer: The Paris Commune
[10] This man was the leader of the provisional government of the Paris Commune.
Answer: Adolphe Thiers
[10] Adolphe Thiers had this other prominent socialist leader arrested. He had earlier served as President of the Council.
Answer: Pierre Blanqui
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Arsen Kabezki makes a kind remark about a child in this play, calling him a governor from head to toe. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play about the maid Grusha, which is narrated by Arkadi. In the first scene, the Governor's Ironshirts behead the governor after a coup.
Answer: The Caucasian Chalk Circle
[10] Identify the author of The Caucasian Chalk Circle, who also wrote The Threepenny Opera.
Answer: Bertolt Brecht
[10] Brecht also wrote the libretto to this Kurt Weill opera, which includes the characters Leocadia Begbick and Trinity Moses, who begin the opera traveling in a broken down truck with Fatty the Bookkeeper.
Answer: The Rise and Fall of the City of Mohogany
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This man compared his experiences with scientific rationality to Cezanne's experiences with art in his essay "Cezanne's Doubt". For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this author of Consciousness and the Acquisition of Language, Sense and Non-Sense, and Humanism and Terror, who coined the term ecophenomenology.
Answer: Maurice Merleau-Ponty
[10] Maurice Merleau-Ponty is probably best known for this work of philosophy, in which he argues that body is not one object among many but our means of belonging to the world and completing tasks.
Answer: The Phenomenology of Perception
[10] Merleau-Ponty also discusses the importance of these objects, often paired with signifiers, which in semiotics is something that stands for something else, to someone in some capacity.
Answer: a sign
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Lakes Coatepeque and Ilopango lie in this nation and it contains the now dormant Izalco volcano, FTPE:,
[10] Name this small Central American nation divided by the Lempa River.
Answer: Republic of El Salvador
[10] El Salvador borders this nation whose rivers include the Ulua and Choluteca while its largest cities include La Ceiba, San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa.
Answer: Republic of Honduras
[10] El Salvador and Honduras, as well as Nicaragua, border this arm of the Pacific Ocean which contains the islands of Meanguera, Conchaquita and El Tigre.
Answer: Gulf of Fonseca
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Part of this Principle of the Religion implies accepting that Allah has a plan that humans cannot comprehend. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this principle that states that all things are intrinsically either good or evil, and that Allah commands that believers embrace the good and shun the evil.
Answer: Adalah or Divine Justice of God
[10] Although Adalah is not accepted by one major branch of Islam, this other branch does accept it. This branch also believes that Ali was the true successor to Muhammad, and is the minority in the Islamic world.
Answer: Shia'ism
[10] Adalah is practiced by this largest sect of Shia Islam, the name of which is derived from their belief in a certain number of divinely chosen leaders.
Answer: Twelvers

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