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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 03
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Although a tariff five years before this event reduced rates to twenty per cent, a tariff passed five years after this event raised them to thirty per cent and soothed the problems. Speculation around the construction of roads and other amenities may have led to this event, which was sometimes pinned on Levi Woodbury, who was in the Cabinet at the time. A similar event in Great Britain caused their investments to be withdrawn from American banks, exacerbating this event, while pet banks are an oft-cited cause of this event. Silas Wright, a representative of New York, introduced an act which contributed to this event and which established subtreasuries that accepted only gold and silver. For ten points, identify this economic crisis which was a result of the Specie Circular and which happened under the administration of Martin Van Buren.
Answer: Panic of 1837
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This piece's third movement is in a rondo form, and ends with a tarantella. The first movement of this piece transitions from major to minor, and is a Presto with a notably difficult piano part which matches the solo instrument. Although this piece was originally dedicated to George Bridgetower, it received its new name from the performer it was rededicated to. The last movement of this piece is in 6/8 time and is described as exuberant, while it ends in A major. The second movement of this sonata is notably long because it states a theme and then moves through five distinct variations, transitioning into F in the process. This piece of music inspired and titled a novella by Leo Tolstoy. For ten points, identify this extremely long violin sonata, the Opus 47 of Ludwig von Beethoven.
Answer: Violin Sonata No. 9 in A Major, Kreutzer (accept either underlined part)
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These objects are named for Riemann in the case of a Goursat problem. Spuriously regarding terms of a dependent variable as inhomogeneous allows these maps to be used in iterative approximation schemes, as in the Born approximation, because they are the kernels of integral representations of solutions to inhomogeneous problems. Finding the representation of these on complete bases is easy as the completeness theorem for a basis can be used directly to write the inhomogeneous term in their defining equation; that's because operation on one of these by its corresponding operator returns a Dirac delta function. Solving for one of these in general requires the use of identities derived from the divergence theorem that share these functions' namesake. For ten points, name these functions used to solve inhomogeneous boundary-value problems, which are named for a British mathematician.
Answer: Green's functions
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One of this man's poems begins "What beck'ning ghost, along the moonlight shade/Invites my steps, and points to yonder glade?" In addition to "Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady", He attacked Atticus, Bufo, and Sporus in an epistolary work entitled Letter to Dr. Arbuthnot. ?"I n one of this man's poems, one title character says I"n seas of flame my plunging soul is drowned,/ While altars blaze, and angels tremble round" referring to the other title character, who is named Abelard. In one of this man's essays, he asserted that "Tis not enough no harshness gives offence,/ The sound must seem an echo to the sense." In addition to writing that Essay on Criticism, Colly Cibber is pilloried as the King of Dunces in a long poem entitled The Dunciad. This man wrote a mock-epic poem about Lord Petre's severing of a piece of Arabella's hair. For ten points, identify this author of The Rape of the Lock.
Answer: Alexander Pope
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This man published the results of a technique he developed in Reference Scale and Placement of Items with the Own Categories Technique , and he also wrote a book in which he claimed that societal mores were extremely mutable in Norm Change over Subject Generations as a Function of Arbitrariness of Prescribed Norms. Some of this man's early texts include The Psychology of Social Norms and The Psychology of Ego-Involvements. One of this man's experiments validated a theory that stated that inner group conflict, negative prejudices, and stereotypes result from actual competition between groups for desired resources. That experiment required cooperation to watch Treasure Island, and posed The Eagles and The Rattlers against each other and observed their destructive behavior. For ten points, identify this psychologist, who came up with Rational Conflict Theory and conducted the Robber's Cave Experiment, a Turk.
Answer: Muzafer Sherif
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This artist depicted several disapproving men standing over a frowning, bald painter in one of his works, which also depicts a smiling black woman in a blue dress. He depicted himself with a markedly cleft chin in a self-portrait which shows a wind vane in the background in front of several indistinct fields. This artist of Return from Bohemia also depicted three elderly women, one with a cup of tea, in front of a print of Washington Crossing the Delaware, a painting entitled Daughters of the Revolution. This artist showed several buildings in front of idealized hills in his paiting Stone City, Iowa, but may be better known for a work which depicts two dour people in front of the namesake window, one of which is holding a pitchfork and one of which is his sister. For ten points, identify this painter of American Gothic, an American Regionalist.
Answer: Grant DeVolson Wood
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This author wrote a poetry collection which is divided into "Wutong," "Neem," and "Live-Oak," based on influence, and contains poems like "All you who Sleep Tonight" and "The Humble Administrator's Garden." This author of the non-fiction work Two Lives also wrote a verse novel about a town in which he lives, entitled Golden Gate. This author wrote a work in which Piers, Helen, and Billy are supporting cast members of a string quartet, which also contains the violinist Michael Holme, who loves the concert pianist Julia. This novelist more famous wrote a work, set in Brahmpur, in which the Mehras, Kapoors, Khans, and Chatterjis are competing for the hand of the daughter of the central character. For ten points, identify this author who wrote A Suitable Boy and who was born in Calcutta.
Answer: Vikram Seth
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One person who advocated this idea was thrown in jail in Nuremberg, and Hans Delbruck prevented the entry of a prospective member. A topic of discussion at the Convention of Gastein, this idea was popularized by the author of The National System of Political Economy, Friedrich List, and a rival organization was created in the Steuerver until its absorption through a series of treaties in 1834. First implemented by Prussia, which created a North German version of it, this organization created a uniform tariff against all non-members, and later absorbed Alsace-Lorraine in 1872 and the Hanseatic Cities in 1888. For ten points, identify this German economic organization which excluded Austria and knocked down internal trade barriers, whose name comes from the German for "customs union".
Answer: Zollverein
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In the second act of this opera, a character sets a character free by singing the aria "Prendi, per me sei libero." One character in this opera sings "Udite, udite, o rustici" in the second act to gather together the peasants of the town, while Belcore sings "Come Paride vezzoso" to draw an unflattering comparison to another character. Another character in this opera sings the aria "Un furtiva lacrima" and earlier sings "Quanto e bella, quanto e cara". This opera opens with one character reading the story of Tristan and Iseult in aria form to her workers. ". Dr . Dulcamara is a purveyor of wine in this opera, which wine causes Nemorino to become convinced that he can win her. For ten points, identify this opera about trying to get Adrino to drink the title concoction, a work by Gaetano Donizetti.
Answer: The Elixir of Love (also accept "L'Elisir d'Amore")
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The width of states for systems exhibiting this behavior generally varies with parity because the spin-splitting and cyclotron energies are generally unequal. The sharpness of transitions in systems displaying this phenomenon depends on the width of Laudau states because this phenomenon can be understood as increasing numbers of Landau states being filled as they sweep through the Fermi energy. One major use of this effect is to measure a unit equal in cgs units to Planck's constant over the electron charge squared, which is the inverse of the base conductivity this effect displays and which is named for the discoverer of this effect, Klaus von Klitzing. For ten points, name this effect in which in which current flows perpendicular to an applied magnetic field in a cold conductor, which displays discrete levels of electrical resistance.
Answer: the integer quantum Hall effect
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Elucidation of the function of these reagents is the reason the Cossee-Arlman mechanism was postulated. Their performance is limited by the limited number of defects that prevent the formation of the octahedral coordination complexes that usually form on their surfaces. An important technique when using these substances is "tuning," in which a semi-poison allows selective initiation of the beta-hydride elimination at a given mass; that can be done as the reactions these compounds are meant to cause are often terminated by competing beta-hydride eliminations. These reduce the activation energy for creation of syndiotactic or isotactic polypropylene and polyacetylene because they are used to create stereoregular chains of alpha-olefins. They are titanium based and function by organo-aluminum complexes. For ten points, name these important catalysts used to polymerize one-alkenes.
Answer: Ziegler-Natta catalysts
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Dogen and Eisi established differing schools of Buddhism during this period of time. The Shikken received power in this period, and regional governments were established at Tokuso and Rensho. Hojo Yoshitogi and Go-Toba clashed in a civil war called the Jokyu War, and problems occurred during this period with a Mongol invasion of Japan, although the Japanese were successful in repulsing it. This period of time ended when Ashikaga turned on the ruling family and assisted Go-Dai-Go in his attempt to break his exile and reclaim the throne of the Southern Court. For ten points, identify this period of Japanese history which was begun by Minamoto Yoritomo, which preceded the Kemmu Restoration and the Ashikaga Period and succeeded the Heian.
Answer: Kamakura Shogunate
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This being created the Milky Way to distract his daughter from getting married to a cowherd. This being passed through 3,200 hundred test, each of which took 3 million years, and before obtaining divinity, this being was the prince of a mortal kingdom of Heavenly Ornaments. This being spent a billion years contemplating his Holy Navel, and spent a period of time as the Apprentice of the highest of the Three Pure Ones. This man rules over a kingdom which includes the ruler of Reincarnations, and assigned an enemy of his to clean out his stables and tend his peach trees, although that enemy stole his peaches. This divine being was notable for summoning twelve animals to race to him, which he eventually made the Zodiac. For ten points, identify this divine ruler of the Chinese religion, who borrow the name of a holy stone.
Answer: The Jade Emperor (also accept Yu Huang, Yu Di, or Tien Kung)
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This structures namesake cells contain 5-HT acetyltransferase and 5-hydroxyindole-O-methyltranferase, which are used to convert serotonin into another product. This structure's cells are easily identified by the unique presence of the synaptic ribbon and are present in lobules along with astrocytes. In some non-mammalian vertebrates, this gland produces the phototransducive melanopsin, lending credence to the theory that he cells of this structure are related to those in the retina. Though the mechanism is unclear, calcification and fluoridation of this structure takes place with age and markedly reduces this gland's ability to synthesize melatonin. For ten points, identify this pine-cone shaped endocrine gland.
Answer: Pineal gland or epiphysis
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In one of this author's novels, Alissa denies herself all physical pleasure and attempts to marry her cousin Jerome off to her sister, which ultimately fails. He also wrote a novel in which Anthime Armand- Dubois is a pharmacist who converts to Catholocism and in which the title character is the half-brother of conventional novelist Julius de Baraglioul. This author of Straight is the Gate and Lafcadio's Adventures also wrote a Socratic-esque dialogue in defense of homosexuality entitled Corydon. Other works by this author include one in which Eduoard has an affair with his neighbor Oliver after saving him from a suicide attempt and in which Strouvilhou is the title character. This author also wrote about Menalque, who encourages Michel to have sex with an Arab boy. For ten points, identify this author of The Counterfeiters and The Immoralist.
Answer: Andre Gide
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After the singer of this song walks to the door, he falls to the floor and gets down on his knees, while some of the action in this song takes place while dancing all night under electric candlelight. This song was a single from an album on which its title character was posed against Powerman and the Moneygoround. After the action of this song occurs, the singer notes that it's a mixed up, muddled up, shook up world. At the place where this song takes place, one can drink champagne that tastes just like coca cola, and at the end of this song, the singer notes that "I know what I am and I'm glad I'm a man", while so is the title character of this song. For ten points, identify this song in which the singer meets the title character at a club in old Soho and which was written by the Kinks about a transvestite.
Answer: "Lola"
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Almost ninety miles of its coastline is known as the Shell Beach while the Macushi, Wapishana and Wai Wai ethnic groups live in its south. This nation contains the Acarai and Kanuku mountain ranges while the peaks of Ayanganna and Roraima lie in its Pacaraima range. The largest cities of this nation include Anna Regina, Port Mourant and Linden while its Potaro River forms the Kaieteur Falls. The Courantyne River forms the eastern border of this nation, whose largest rivers include the Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo. For 10 points, identify this South American nation with capital at Georgetown whose inhabitants speak English.
Answer: Cooperative Republic of Guyana
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John D'Emilio wrote a book about the lead-up to this event, which was also chronicled by Martin Duberman.D.I. Pine was in charge of the response to this event, which involved a police unit forming a wedge down Christopher Street. Folk singer Dave Ronk was injured during this event, which involved the police sending the TPF to save officers trapped inside the location at the center of this event, which had been set on fire with lighter fluid. This event began the formation of the GLF, and at the beginning of the violence, several participants threw coins at the policemen in a parody of the earlier pay off system. For ten points, identify this riot in Greenwich Village, which marked the beginning of the gay liberation movement in America and which is named after a bar where it took place.
Answer: Stonewall riots
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This poem is the third entry in the "Children of Adam" series. This poem describes a swimmer seen through "transparent green-shine" who "bends to and fro with the water", and who is naked. The narrator of this poem expresses his love for "the bent head, the curv'd neck, and the counting" and his joy, which he "swims in" at the presence of other people. Another section of this poem describes a father of five sons who was over eighty and who all loved with personal love. The narrator also notes that you would want to sit in a boat with him, that you and he might touch each other. This poem famously concludes with a catalog of the narrator's body parts, and exclaims that they are not the parts and poems of the title object, but of the soul. For ten points, identify this celebration of the human form, a poem by Walt Whitman.
Answer: "I Sing the Body Electric"
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According to some myths, these characters invented certain letters, including alpha and beta. According to one account, these mythological characters transformed Ampelos into a vine at his death, while they were also said to have carried Hyakinthos to heaven, and Tyche is sometimes identified as one of these characters. These characters were distracted by Galinthias in one of their tasks, which they undertook alongside Eileithyia and were assigned by Hera. These mythological characters were present at the birth of Meleager, while in another story, these characters touched a cradle, causing misfortune. These characters were said to be the daughters of either Themis or Nyx. For ten points, identify this trinity of deities composed of Clothos, Atropos, and Lachesis, which measured, spun, and cut the threads of life.
Answer: The Moirae (also accept the Parsae, the names of the three Goddesses, or The Fates)
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This man's wife had a public affair with noted poet Lord Byron, and served as Secretary for Ireland under Lord Canning's government. Legislation passed during this man's tenure include a severe reduction in the Poor Laws and he attempted to block passage of the ultimately successful Reform Act of 1832. This MP from Leominster also served as Home Secretary under the Grey administration. This politician was preceded by the Earl Grey in one of his posts, which he occupied under William IV. He himself had an affair with Caroline Norton, and attempted to resign after the so-called Bedchamber Crisis. For ten points, identify this Prime Minister who served before Sir Robert Peel under Victoria, for whom the second largest city in Australia is named.
Answer: William Lamb, Lord Melbourne
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 03
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Identify these documents, all of which deal with immigration into the United States, for ten points each.,
[10] This understanding between Theodore Roosevelt and the Emperor of Japan prevented Japan from issuing any passports for immigration into the continental United States.
Answer: The Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907
[10] This 1882 law, which was notably opposed by George Frisbee Hoar, prevented the title ethnic group from gaining citizenship and made it illegal for skilled and unskilled laborers to enter the counry.
Answer: Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
[10] This law, passed in 1892 and named for a representative from California, extended the Chinese Exclusion Act and was challenged in Fong Yue Ting v. United States. This law made it mandatory for Chinese residents to carry permits at all times.
Answer: Geary Act
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The LRU replacement algorithm can be used to implement one type of this scheme. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this technique in which a computer system allows a program to address storage as though it had access to a large, contiguous block of it, even when the program does not.
Answer: the technique of virtual memory
[10] The address space of virtual memory is generally divided into blocks of contiguous addresses called these. Their namesake tables translate virtual addresses to physical ones, while their namesake fault occurs when a program attempts to access one that is virtually addressed but not mapped to physical memory.
Answer: pages
[10] This phenomenon named for its Hungarian discoverer is the increase in the frequency of page faults with increasing page frame number and first-in, first-out page frame management.
Answer: Belady's anomaly
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Piet Bezuidenhout enjoys naming the title plants of this play, and also loves reciting English poetry. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this play, in which Piet has a strained relationship with his wife, Gladys, who thinks he's an informer.
Answer: A Lesson from Aloes
[10] A Lesson from Aloes is a play by this author, whose other works include the essay "A Gift of Freedom" and a play in which Sam and Willie are practicing ballroom dancing, MASTER HAROLD… and the Boys.
Answer: Athol Fugard
[10] Athol Fugard also wrote this play, in which Morris is a white skinned agoraphobic and Zach is a dark skinned claustrophobic.
Answer: Blood Knot
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This actress portrayed Kitty Pride in X-Men: the Last Stand and also starred in Hard Candy. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Canadian television actress, whose roles included a stint on Trailer Park Boys, and who was also featured in the film Smart People.
Answer: Ellen Page
[10] Along with Michael Cera, Ellen Page recently acted in this film, in which she portrayed the title pregnant teen.
Answer: Juno
[10] A scene in Juno features Page and Cera singing "Anyone Else But You", which is a song by this group composed of Kimya Dawson and Adam Green. Other songs from their self-titled album include "Nothing Came Out" and "Who's Got the Crack?"
Answer: The Moldy Peaches
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The woman in this painting notably has extra vertebrae, in addition to a distorted pelvis and a shortened left arm. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this painting of a naked woman staring at the viewer with a peacock fan who is presumably a member of a harem, a work by Jean Dominique Ingres.
Answer: La Grand Odalisque
[10] In this painting by Ingres, an angel crowns the title figure, who's sitting in a throne in the center of the painting in front of the Parthenon.
Answer: The Apotheosis of Homer
[10] Ingres also painted this scene from Orlando Furioso, in which one title armored figure strikes a serpent with a spear, letting the other figure, who's chained to a tree, escape.
Answer: Roger Freeing Angelica
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This compound has systematic name 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this monomer with formula C5H8, the most common hydrocarbon in most organisms.
Answer: isoprene
[10] These compounds are derived from isoprene as they are composed of linked forms of activated isoprenes. Derivatives of these compounds include resins and steroids.
Answer: terpenes
[10] Isoprene is best produced commercially by this process carried out on petrolium. In it, complex hydrocarbons are decomposed into simpler ones by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds, often by heat.
Answer: hydrocarbon cracking
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It consumes one molecule of glucose to yield two molecules of pyruvate. for ten points each,,
[10] Identify this metabolic pathway also known as the Emden-Meyerhoff pathway involving enzymes such as triose phosphate isomerase and intermediates like glucose 6-phosphate.
Answer: glycolysis
[10] In addition to a yield of two ATP molecules, two molecules of this reducing agent are also produced via the action of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase.
Answer: NADH or nicotinaminde adenine dinucleotide
[10] This enzyme adds a phosphate to fructose 6-phosphate in the third step of glycolysis, catalyzing the essentially irreversible formation of the substrate that is later cleaved into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate.
Answer: phosphofructokinase
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The second section of this book of poetry is an epic named for the character that titles it. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book of poetry that traces the maturing of a young lady, which includes the sections "Notes from the Childhood and Girlhood" and ""The Womanhood".
Answer: Annie Allen
[10] Annie Allen is a book of poetry by this woman, who also wrote The Near-Johannesburg Boy and Other Poems and In the Mecca.
Answer: Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks
[10] Gwendolyn Brooks also wrote The Bean Eaters, which contains this well-known poem about seven pool players at the Golden Shovel, who "Jazz June" and "Die Soon".
Answer: "We Real Cool"
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Kitbuqa was soundly defeated at this battle, which occurred during his invasion of Palestine. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this battle in which the Egyptian Mamluks defeated the invading Mongol horde and turned them back from the invasion ordered by Mongke Khan.
Answer: Battle of Ain Jalut
[10] This man commanded the Mamluk forces at the battle along with Qutuz, whom he had assassinated after the battle along with some other emirs, causing himself to be elevated to sultan.
Answer: Baibars
[10] Kitbuqa attemped to form an alliance with the Crusader state in Jerusalem, but was prevented from doing so by the intervention of this pope. This man also absolved Henry III of the Provisions of Oxford and tried to start a crusade against the Hohenstaufen.
Answer: Alexander IV
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This man's work was posthumously published as Language, Thought, and Reality. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this linguist who studied the Hopi and plenty of Mesoamerican languages, who may be better known for writing a couple of books on Mayan hieroglyphs and their phonetic value.
Answer: Benjamin Whorf
[10] Benjamin Whorf worked on a theory of linguistic relativity with this man, who was a student of Franz Boas.
Answer: Edward Sapir
[10] This man had plenty of common ideas with Benjamin Whorf, especially relating to Native Ameircan language classification. Along with a couple of other men, he pioneered lexicostatics, and this man wrote "Lexicostatistic dating of prehistoric ethnic contacts" and "Towards greater accuracy in lexicostatistic dating".
Answer: Morris Swadesh
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Eugene Marchbanks tries to win the hand of the title character of this play, who is married to a clergyman named James Morell. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this comedy by George Bernard Shaw.
Answer: Candida
[10] George Bernard Shaw also wrote this play, about the daughter of arms dealer Undershaft, who gives money to the Salvation Army.
Answer: Major Barbara
[10] Mazzini and Captain Overshot appear in this Shaw play, which also features Ellen. A zeppelin crashes into the title structure.
Answer: Heartbreak House
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Jouni Kaipanin has recently collected and recorded all of these pieces, which collectively represent a certain region of the composer's homeland. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this three-movement suite, the second piece of which is an English horn ballad that depicts Karl Knutsson's musings. The other two movements are marches.
Answer: Karelia Suite
[10] The Karelia suite was written by this Finnish composer, who wrote The Swan of Tuonela as part of his Lemminkainen Suite, and whose other works include Finlandia.
Answer: Jean Julius Christian Sibelius
[10] Sibelius stopped composing long before he died; this tone poem is believed to be his last extant work. It depicts a frightening Finnish spirit in a forest, and was commissioned by Walter Damrosch.
Answer: Tapiola
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The city of Gimli lies on this remnant of Lake Agassiz which was first discovered by Henry Kelsey, FTPE:,
[10] Name this body of water fed by the Bloodvein, Poplar and Red rivers, a lake in Manitoba.
Answer: Lake Winnipeg
[10] Lake Winnipeg is drained by this river which flows through Playgreen and Cross lakes before receiving the Burntwood and Rat rivers.
Answer: Nelson River
[10] The Nelson River empties into this body of water which includes James Bay and is named after an English captain of the Half Moon whose crew mutinied against him.
Answer: Hudson Bay
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Peter I defeated Charles XII at this battle. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this battle of the Great Northern War which marked its end. Carl Rehnskiold fought here, and the Vorskla River played a part in the tactics of this battle.
Answer: Battle of Poltava
[10] Although Russia concluded hostilities with Sweden in the Treaty of Nystad, it had to wait until a series of treaties signed in this city to stop fighting with other concerned powers.
Answer: Stockholm
[10] Russia occupied Finland between 1714 and 1721 in a period known as this, referring to the fact that many Finns were killed, deported to Russia, or conscripted to work on St. Petersburg.
Answer: Greater Wrath
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Poseidon and either Iphimedia or Canace were the progenitors of this man, who were sentenced to death by Zeus but commuted by Poseidon, who promised to keep them in line. For ten points each:,
[10] Idenitfy this hero, who along with his brother Ephialtes put Ares in a jar and attempted to rape Hera.
Answer: Otus
[10] Otus and Ephialtes were thwarted while pursuing this goddess of the hunt, who was the twin sister of Apollo. They slew each other thinking that they were pursuing one of her deer.
Answer: Artemis
[10] Artemis accidentally slew this nymph friend of hers who had been turned into a bear while she was out hunting. This nymph had been seduced by Zeus, angering Hera, who effected the change.
Answer: Callisto
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They reduce to the Euler equations if the viscosity is taken to be zero. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this set of equations that represent momentum conservation in a Newtonian fluid.
Answer: the Navier-Stokes equations
[10] The non-dissipative Navier-Stokes equations can be found by taking the momentum moment of this equation, which gives the state density of a Hamiltonian system by stating that the phase space distribution is constant along system trajectories.
Answer: Liouville's equation (or Liouville's theorem)
[10] One way to get dissipative Navier-Stokes equations from Liouville's equation is to add a collision term from this equation. This PDE states that the time partial of a fluid's probability density function f is equal to minus the first spatial partials of the drift vector times f and plus second spatial partials of the drift tensor operating on f.
Answer: the Fokker-Planck equation
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This man saved his captors by telling them when their roof would fall, which caused them to set him free. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this man, who had been taught to speak the language of animals by his pet snakes.
Answer: Melampus
[10] This other mythological figure, who has something in common with Melampus, was a satyr who challenged Apollo to a flute contest, but was brutally flayed when he failed to win.
Answer: Marsyas
[10] Apollo was also important to this mythological figure, who had to choose between him and a mortal man named Idas for her husband. She picked Idas.
Answer: Marpessa
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In this novel, Bjartur is a sheep farmer who escapes at last from working for a local farming family. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work, in which Bjartur raises the son that his wife conceived with the local bailiff as his own.
Answer: Independent People
[10] Identify the author of Independent People, who also wrote The Atom Station and The Fish Can Sing.
Answer: Halldor Laxness
[10] In this novel, which is the first of a trilogy that also includes The Bright Jewel and Fire in Copenhagen, Halldor Laxness wrote about Jon Hreggvidsson, who murders an executioner and flees.
Answer: Iceland's Bell
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The answer to the title question of this tract is "the life-principle and definitive cause of all revolutions", and later "theft". For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this anarchist tract, which is later declared to be "impossible", "possessions", and "freedom", and which contains the notable Dialogue with a Philistine.
Answer: What is Property?
[10] What is Property? is a tract by this French revolutionary, who also wrote The Principle of Art and moderated his views somewhat in Principle of Federation.
Answer: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
[10] Karl Marx responded to a Pierre Proudhon text in this work, which claims that Proudhon would like to become a member of the bourgeoisie.
Answer: The Poverty of Philosophy
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Battles in this conflict include Sinop, Kurekdere, and Malakhoff. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this conflict between Russia and Turkey, in which the Russians were aided by Bulgarian volunteers and which also included the Azov Campaign.
Answer: The Crimean War (or the "Eastern War")
[10] The most well-known battle of the Crimean War is probably this one, which was immortalized in "The Charge of the Light Brigade" and which was an attempt to break the siege of Sevastopol.
Answer: Battle of Balaklava
[10] Pierre Bosquet defeated General Menshikov's forces at this battle of the Crimean War, which was fought in present-day Ukraine.
Answer: Inkerman

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