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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Illinois Open Tossups by Round 02
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Ferdinand I and Joachim I formed a group directly opposed to this one, which included Martin Bucer among its ranks while one of its leaders was forced to sign the Capitulation of Wittenberg. Albert Alcibiades II notably defected from this group, and in one battle, their enemy's general, Eric II of Calenburg, was forced to flee by swimming across the Weser River. Frederick III granted this group the alliance of the Rhenish Palatinate, but this group was later routed by the forces of Paul III at the battle of Muhlberg. Including the cities of Kempten, Hanover and Augsburg, this entity was named for a town in Thuringia and was led by Philip the Magnanimous and John Frederick of Saxony. Opposed by Huldrich Zwingli and Francis I, for 10 points, name this group of Lutheran princes opposed to Charles V.
Answer: The Schmalkaldic League
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This work begins with a quote about Tarquinius Superbus. One part of this work notes that "But ethics has no coincidence and no old servant at its disposal", establishing that ethics and esthetics both require closure. One section of this work begins by asking its title question, "Is there an Absolute Duty to God?", while another section of this work considers Agamemnon's dilemma between needing to sail and his duty to his daughter, which is found in the first of three Problema, "Is There a Teleological Suspension of the Ethical?" Another section in this work contrasts the Knights of Faith and of Infinite Resignation. Published under the pseudonym John the Silent, for ten points, identify this philosophical text which presented the story of Abraham and Isaac, which was written by Soren Kierkegaard.
Answer: Fear and Trembling (also accept "Frygt og Baven")
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This process cannot generally occur in one- or two-dimensional systems according to the Mermin-Wagner theorem. When a gauge is associated with the invariance that underlies this process, its associated gauge particles are said to "eat" the particles that appear in models in which this process occurs, those being Goldstone bosons. Perhaps the most discussed instance of this phenomenon occurs for the electroweak theory and is the process that transforms photons into W- and Z-bosons, the Higgs mechanism. For ten points, name this phenomenon in theoretical physics in which a system that is initially unchanged under some mathematical operation suddenly transitions to not being so that is exemplified by the acquisition of mass.
Answer: spontaneous symmetry breaking (accept close equivalents)
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Along with Carl Davis, this composer released an eight-movement oratorio named for his hometown in 1991, while he more recently released another oratorio called Ecce Cor Meum. His early work was heavily influenced by John Cage in the use of tape loops, while Howard Goodall credits this man's most famous collaborative group with saving Western music from atonalism, as well as bringing back the use of modulation. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 inspired this man to add a piccolo trumpet solo into a piece about his childhood in the suburbs. A fan of Karlheinz Stockhausen, whom he put on the cover of one of his recordings, this man also brought back the use of plagal cadences in works like "She's Leaving Home" and "And I Love Her". For 10 points, name this musician and writer of songs such as "Maybe I'm Amazed", "Yesterday", and "Hey Jude", the writing partner of John Lennon.
Answer: Paul McCartney
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A character in this poem notes that he should have "been a pair of ragged claws/scuttling across the floors of silent seas." The speaker of this poem wonders how he should "begin to spit out all the butt-ends of my days and ways" when he's "formulated, sprawling on a pin." He later notes that it would be worth it to squeeze the universe into a ball and declare himself to be Lazarus, back from the dead. This poem concludes by noting that "we have lingered in the chambers of the sea? until human voices wake us, and we drown." In this poem, one character wonders if he dares to eat a peach, and notices women coming and going, talking of Michaelangelo. For ten points, identify this poem which begins "Let us go now, you and I/ When the evening is spread out against the sky", a poem by T.S. Eliot.
Answer: "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
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National parks of this nation include the Bukk, Ferto-Hansag and Aggtelek caves while its peaks include Zengo, Pilis and Irott-ko. Notable regions of this country are Vas and Baranya while wine is grown in the Tokaj. Among its mountain ranges are the Zemplen, Koszeg and Villany while in the Matra range lie its two highest peaks, Galyateto and Kekes. The bodies of water in this nation include Lake Velence and the thermal Lake Heviz while the Sio and Zala rivers form its Lake Balaton, the largest in Central Europe. Gyor, Pecs and Debrecen are among the largest cities in, for 10 points, which nation with capital at Budapest.
Answer: Republic of Hungary
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Laws supporting this movement were held constitutional in Munn v. Illinois, but were later invalidated in railroad sponsored cases like the Wabash Case. Those cases were pressured by this organization's lobbying for controlled railroad shipping prices, and in order to control shopkeepers, many members of this organization banded together to buy stores. Mary Elizabeth Lease urged members of this organization to "raise less corn and more hell", and this organization began to decline after attempting to collectively manufacture farm equipment, although earlier programs like collective grain elevators and primitive credit unions were successful. For ten points, identify this 19th century movement started by Oliver Hudson Kelley which attempted to teach good agricultural practices.
Answer: National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry
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Recent research on transposon TC1 that is native to this organism has shown it has the capability to "jump" in human cells, lending support to the horizontal spread hypothesis. The 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Martin Chalfie for his use of green fluorescent protein in this organism. This organism exists only in hermaphrodite and male forms, which gives rise to identical genetic offspring, making this organism ideal for research applications. Silencing of specific gene function by RNA interference in this organism was accomplished by Andrew Fire and Craig Mello. For ten points, identify this organism that was the first multicellular organism to have its genome completely sequenced.
Answer: C. Elegans
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This book begins with the protagonist noticing that someone has been looking at him through his window and also that the landlady has not brought him his 8 o'clock breakfast. The protagonist of this book refuses to give up his underwear, and uses Fraulein Burstner's room, for which he apologizes. The protagonist of this novel buys three identical paintings from Tintorelli, and later, he's compared to a businessman that a lawyer keeps locked up in a small room. That businessman is being locked up by Leni, whom the protagonist likes to kiss while in consultation with his lawyer. This novel ends with the protagonist being escorted to a quarry, where he's summarily executed with a knife. For ten points, identify this book about junior bank manager Joseph K., a novel by Franz Kafka.
Answer: The Trial (also accept "Der Prozess")
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While arranging an orchestral suite for organ, this man added a new movement entitled "Ecstasies of a soul before the glory of Christ, which is its own glory". That movement was added to his Ascension, and this man later published a book entitled Technique of my Musical Language. This man wrote Twenty Gazes on the Infant Jesus for his student and wife Yvonne Loriod. This composer spent a lot of time notating and cataloguing birdsong, which he used in his own compositions, and this man composed the movement "Music for the Blood of the Stars" as part of his ten-movement symphony. This man's best known work was composed for violin, cello, piano, and clarinet, which were the four instruments available in his prison camp. For ten points, identify this composer of the Turangalila Symphony and the Quartet for the End of Time.
Answer: Olivier Messaien
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This person discovered a dangerous procedure that requires a mixing a diazo compound with sulfonic and hydrochloric acids to produce an arylhydrazine, a reagent that he then heated in acetic acid to produce an osazone or with heated with zinc chloride to produce an indol. One reaction named for him begins with protonation of a carbonyl oxygen and ends with dehydration, before which the loss and regain of a proton is caused by nucleophillic attack of alcohol on alcohol; that is the mechanism of a reaction co-discovered by Speier that produces esters. For ten points, name this chemist who defined that carbon chains be vertical in the namesake projection that he used to study sugars.
Answer: Emil Hermann Fischer
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Part of this family reigned as the dukes of Burgundy in the fifteenth century, and used Salic law to determine their claim to the throne. Rene I of Jerusalem and Naples was a member of this ruling house and Anjou, which also included Mary the Rich. Other kings of this dynastic house include Charles the Well-Served, Charles the Mad, and Charles the Wise, as well as one known as Charles the Affable. This house and Orleans produced Louis XII, while this line died out in France after Henri III. Louis the Spider-King was a member of this house, which began with Phillippe the Fortunate, the son of Charles of this house. For ten points, identify this successor to the House of Capet, a ruling house of France which preceded the House of Bourbon.
Answer: The House of Valois
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In one of this author's short stories, a minstrel is exiled and given nine casks of wine which he names with the names of the Muses. In addition to The Anonymiad, Peter and Magda accompany Ambrose on a trip to Atlantic City to celebrate Independence Day in one of this author's short stories, while another short story is the account of a sperm cell attempting to connect with a mythic "Her". In addition to stories like "Lost in the Funhouse" and "Night Sea Journey", this author wrote the novels The Last Voyage of Somebody the Sailor and The Floating Opera. In another work by this author, the protagonist is the son of a computer and a virgin but is raised by Max Spielman and is later united with Anastasia, and in a further work, Henry Burlingame tutors Anna and Eben Cooke. For ten points, identify this man who wrote Giles Goat-Boy and The Sot-Weed Factor, an American.
Answer: John Barth
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This man delineated symmetrical and asymmetrical versions of the title concept of one of his works, one of which requires mocking and one of which requires reciprocity. This man observed that behavior among mother-in-laws in South Africa, and termed it the "joking relationship." This man advocated his "comparative method" as an alternative to prevailing methods, and his students at the University of Chicago published notes of his lectures as A Natural Science of Society. This man analysed the question of why certain social functions become fixed in one of his works, entitled The Social Organization of Australian Tribes. For ten points, identify this British exponent of Structural Functionalism, who collected lots of his field observations and theories in The Andaman Islanders.
Answer: Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
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A historical record indicates that an oracle of this deity demanded that the land of Japan be turned over to Takamimusuhi. Most of this deity's temples are located in Yamashiro and Ise. An alternative the normal creation myth about this deity states that he came into being from the white copper mirror held in his father's right hand. One story about this deity claimed that he defeated the god of rice in a battle, killing Ukemochi and causing his sister to kick him out of her house. A more common myth about this god's creation stated that he was born from the washing of Izanagi's right eye. For ten points, identify this kami associated with the moon, who was the brother of Susanoo and Amaterasu.
Answer: Tsukuyomi
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This person's smoothing procedure was designed to predict the probability that an object belongs to an unknown species given some past observations; its result is a frequency distribution named for Good and this thinker. This scientist invented a unit called a ban to describe the results of his Banburismus procedure, which was later made obsolete by his and Welchman's design of "Bombes." One procedure named for this scientist was the subject of attack by the Blockhead, which Block claims can induce type I error; a more fundamental attack on the same criterion is John Searle's Chinese room experiment. For ten points, name this computer scientist who defined as intelligent any system that can fool an interrogator into thinking that it is human in his namesake test.
Answer: Alan Mathison Turing
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The beginning of this novel features a tree called the "Future Sign", from which the narrator of this novel is given two pieces of fruit by his brother. After the narrator of this novel has his head and neck transformed into an enormous size, he's placed at a crossroads and worshipped as a god. The tenth town that the narrator of this town visits has established Christianity, while if the narrator agrees to spend ten years licking the sores of a creature with television hands, she agrees to show him the way home. A character described as "Smelling" is the ruler of the seventh town the narrator visits in the title place, while the Super Lady is his wife and rules another. After returning from the title place of this novel, he's sold into slavery, but shortly reinstated, and this novel begins with a slave raid in the real world of the narrator. For ten points, identify this novel about a hallucinogenic trip through a land populated by the undead, which was written by Amos Tutuola.
Answer: My Life in the Bush of Ghosts
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The Circumcellions formed a militant branch of the adherents of this belief, which began their persecution. Majorinus, After this set of beliefs were re-adopted by their holders, a story held that dogs that were fed the Eucharist became infuriated and attacked their masters. After the defeat of Firmus, a holder of these beliefs, Valentinian passed a series of laws against them. The adherents of this belief were fond of shouting "Laudes Deo."Maximianus, and twice Primian served as bishops that promoted this set of beliefs, and the controversy over them was sparked by Felix of Aptunga's ordination of Mensurius's successor, Caecilianus, as bishop of Carthage. For ten points, identify this heresy which was named for a Berber and which held that sacraments administered by an impure priest were invalid.
Answer: Donatism
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Recent archaeological work on the site of this battle has been stopped because of the construction of a military base on its site. One army during this conflict was pursued to Hamath and defeated there, while a different army was forced to set up its headquarters at Haran. Josiah attempted to delay one force before this battle, but was defeated and slain by an arrow, and that force was also later delayed at Riblah. This battle caused one of its parties to cease to exist entirely, and Necho II led one side of this battle, while the other was commanded by Nebuchadrezzar II. For ten points, identify this 605 BC battle which saw the Babylonians soundly defeat the Assyrians and Egytpians.
Answer: Battle of Charchemish
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This man painted several children surrounding a man in white playing a guitar in his work Gilles and His Family. This painter depicted several couples together outside under a statue of a Venus and Cupid in his work The Festival of Love, while he contrasted two styles in his paintings The French Comedy and The Italian Comedy. This painter of Two Cousins also depicted a man in a colorful suit holding his hands near his head while burying his head in the chest of a delighted woman in a large yellow dress in his painting Do You Want to Have Success With Women? This artist notably depicted a group of people on a hill overlooking a river, some traveling toward and some traveling away from the viewer. For ten points, identify this painter of Embarkation for Cythera, a French Rococo painter.
Answer: Jean Antoine Watteau
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In one of this economist's works, he notes that long term economics are all impractical because in the long term we are all dead, and in that same work, he posits an early form of the Quantity Theory of Money. In addition to Tract on Monetary Reform, he later wrote a series of three articles on war finance entitled How To Pay For the War. One of this economist's books contains chapters such as "The Conference", "The Treaty", and "Reparation", and discusses the economic implications of the Treaty of Versailles. That work is The Economic Consequences of the Peace. Other effects associated with this economist are the liquidity trap and multiplier effect. His most famous work argued for a governmental budget deficit and a government sponsored program of full employment to combat economic recession. For ten points, identify this member of the Bloomsbury school, an economist who wrote General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
Answer: John Maynard Keynes
2008 Illinois Open Bonuses by Round 02
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This is the quantum mechanical effect on a charge of electromagnetic fields in regions from which the charge is excluded and is often explained using a charged particle moving outside an ideal solenoid. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this effect, which is most often seen as a phase shift.
Answer: the Ehrenberg-Siday-Aharonov-Bohm effect (accept Ehrenberg-Siday-Aharonov-Bohm effect)
[10] The phase shift in the magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effect is proportional to the path integral of this vector quantity. It is usually symbolized A and its curl is the magnetic flux density.
Answer: the magnetic vector potential (grudgingly accept magnetic potential; prompt on A)
[10] The derivation of the Aharonov-Bohm effect from quantum gauge invariance parallels Dirac's derivation of charge quantization from the existence of a particle of this kind. The existence of this kind of particle would invalidate Gauss' law for the magnetic field.
Answer: a magnetic monopole (prompt on monopole)
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This dynasty was founded at Kaesong, and succeeded the Goryeo rule. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Korean dynasty which was destroyed by the 1910 invasion of Japan.
Answer: Joseon Dynasty (Also accept "Choson")
[10] The Joseon Dynasty was founded by this man, who was descended of a Korean Mongol. He had a problem with the poet Jeong Mong-ju.
Answer: Emperor Taejo Gangheon Jiin Gyeun Eungcheon Jotong Gwanghun Yeongmyeong Seongmun Sinmu Jeongeui Gwangdeok of Korea (also accept "Yi Seong-gye")
[10] While still a general, Emperor Taejo had to cross this body of water to enter Seoul. There were battles fought here in both the Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War.
Answer: The Yalu River
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In this novel, Alroy Kear is asked to write the biography of Mrs. Driffield's author husband. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel by W. Somerset Maugham, which centers on Mr. Driffield's friend William Ashenden, who knows all about Rosie, Mr. Driffield's first wife.
Answer: Cakes And Ale: Or The Skeleton In the Cupboard
[10] Larry Darrell is an ex-fighter pilot in this Maugham novel, which shows him become a bohemian in Paris. Isabel, his fiancee, comes to find him.
Answer: The Razor's Edge
[10] Maugham also wrote this book about Charles Strickland, who leaves his wife and has an affair with the wife of Dick Stroeve, another painter. Strickland eventually ends up as a leper in Tahiti.
Answer: The Moon and Sixpence
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This model is notable for differentiating commodities based on time and method of delivery, and is named for two economists, one of whom won the 1972 Nobel Prize. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this economic model of GET, which doesn't do a great job of predicting financial markets, but does prove Walrasian equilibrium in an economy.
Answer: Arrow-Debreu model
[10] If one does want to predict finance prices, this model would be a better tool to use. It models price as a stochastic process, and which has an associated partial differential equation.
Answer: Black-Scholes model
[10] The Black-Scholes model admits a "smile" named after this economic concept, which refers to the standard deviation of the random walk. It's frequently used to assess the risk of an investment option.
Answer: volatility
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A winged old man is sitting off to the right of the main action in this painting playing a lute. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this painting in which four women, who represent the various seasons, are dancing in a circle next to a statue of Janus.
Answer: A Dance to the Music of Time
[10] Identify the artist who painted A Dance to the Music of Time, whose other works include Et In Arcadia Ego and The Rape of the Sabine Women.
Answer: Nicolas Poussin
[10] Nicolas Poussin painted this double series for Cassiano del Pozzo. Its works include Ordination, Baptism, Marriage, and Extreme Unction.
Answer: The Seven Sacraments
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Odili has relationships with Elsie and Jean in this novel, which is set in a fictional African nation. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Nanga, Odili's opponent for public office, attempts to sabotage his campaign with propaganda. Another secne in this novel has Josiah the shopkeeper steal a blind man's walking stick.
Answer: A Man of the People
[10] A man of the people was written by this author, who may be better known for a story about Okonkwo and Ezinma, Things Fall Apart.
Answer: Chinua Achebe
[10] Chinua Achebe wrote this other novel which features the character Okonkwo, which is Things Fall Apart's sequel. Ezeulu occupies a central position in this novel, as the title priest.
Answer: Arrow of God
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The Levy flight is one example of these. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this type of stochastic processes in which a point moves by taking "steps" in unpredictable directions.
Answer: random walks
[10] This is the simplest type of random walk on an unweighted lattice for which return to the origin is not guaranteed. The probability of return to the origin in this type of random walk is Polya's first random walk constant.
Answer: three-dimensional (accept clear-knowledge equivalents)
[10] This is a countable collection of random variables in which each variable depends only on the variable immediately before it. These sets named for a Russian mathematician can be used to model random walks.
Answer: Markov chains
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Pastora Imperio originally commissioned the composition of this piece. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ballet which contains the Will O' the Whisp, the Ritual Fire Dance and The Dance of Terror, the plot of which is about Candelas' love for Carmelo.
Answer: Love the Magician (also accept El Amor Brujo)
[10] Love, The Magician is a ballet by this Spanish composer of The Three Cornered Hat, in addition to Ballad for Mallorca and Procession of Gnomes.
Answer: Manuel de Falla
[10] Manuel de Falla also composed this work, which consists of the movements In the Generalife, Distant Dance, and a third part which depicts a certain location in the Sierra de Cordoba.
Answer: Night in the Gardens of Spain (also accept Noche en los jardines de Espana)
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Answer the following about a labor organization that employed tactics like the First Sit-Down Strike, for ten points each.,
[10] This is that organization, which fought the Battle of the Overpass and which merged with the AFL in 1955.
Answer: Congress of Industrial Organizations
[10] This man served as the first President of the CIO, who punched William Hutcheson and opposed William Green, who had nominated him for President of the AFL and later himself took that office.
Answer: John Lewis
[10] This man was President of the CIO during its merger with the AFL and had earlier served as President of the United Auto Workers.
Answer: Walter Reuther
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It is sometimes combined with conservation of particle number and split up into two laws. It may be inverted to find for the diffusion constant. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this law, which states that the flux of diffusing particles is proportional to the negative concentration gradient.
Answer: Fick's law of diffusion (prompt on law of diffusion or diffusion equation)
[10] The square of this quantity is equal to four times the diffusion constant times the time. It appears in the denominator of a compliment error function in the solution Fick's second law for a point concentration spike in an isotropic medium.
Answer: the diffusion length (prompt on lambda-sub-d or length)
[10] According to this relation, the diffusion constant is equal to the mobility times the kinetic temperature.
Answer: the Einstein-Smoluchowski relation
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The poet begins by noting "What thoughts I have of you, Walt Whitman!", who he later notices looking at the grocery boys. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, in which the narrator also notices Garcia Lorca down by the watermelons and asks Whitman where his beard is pointing in the title location.
Answer: "A Supermarket in California"
[10] This poet, who wrote a work in which he expressed his hope that his sphincter would hold out, wrote "A Supermarket in California" and also saw the best minds of his generation destroyed by madness in Howl.
Answer: Irwin Allen Ginsberg
[10] Allen Ginsberg protested the Vietnam War in poems like this, in which he claimed to "make a mantra of the American Language, I declare an end to War!", and which is named for a town in Kansas.
Answer: "Wichita Vortex Sutra"
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Answer some questions about X-chromosome inactivation for ten points each.,
[10] The inactive X-chromosome tends to form a condensed heterochromatic bundle along the nuclear scaffold known as one of these.
Answer: Barr Body(s)
[10] The inactivated X-chromosome can typically be identified by its comparatively high or low levels of methylation of residues of this basic amino acid in histones. It is one of the amino acids that cannot be synthesized by humans and was the subject of an ADM price fixing scandal in the `90s.
Answer: lysine
[10] This genetic mechanism is the motivation behind human female X-inactivation , Drosophila male X-chromosome hyperexpression, and partial repression of both X-chromosomes in C. Elegans.
Answer: dosage compensation
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This statement of belief begins with the words, Quicumque vult, or "Whoseover wishes." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this statement of belief associated with a certain heresy, in which the explicit unification of the trinity is stated. It's placed along with the Apostles' and Nicene creeds in some texts, and can be visualized by the Shield of the Trinity.
Answer: Athanasian Creed
[10] The Athanasian Creed explicity denies this heresy, which states that the three persons of the trinity are aspects of the same one self, rather than entirely unified or entirely separate. This was notably opposed by Tertullian.
Answer: Sabellianism or modalism
[10] The Athanasian Creed also excludes this heresy, which claimed that Jesus existed in two persons, specifically as the man and as the divine son of God.
Answer: Nestorianism
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Identify these people, all of whom served in the cabinet of Ronald Reagan, for ten points each.,
[10] This woman, the wife of a 1996 Presidential candidate, served as Ronald Reagan's second Secretary of Transportation and later as a North Carolina Senator.
Answer: Elizabeth Dole
[10] This four star general served as White House Chief of Staff in the mid 1970's and became Ronald Reagan's Secretary of State, in addition to earlier serving as the Supreme Commander of NATO forces.
Answer: Alexander Haig
[10] This lover of the Strategic Defense Initative served as Ronald Reagan's Secretary of Defense before Frank Carlucci and also was pardoned by George Bush for his extensive role in the Iran Contra affair.
Answer: Caspar Weinberger
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This is the gravitational equilibrium between the lithosphere and asthenosphere and leads to the conclusion that tectonic plates float at a level determined by their density. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this principle, first proposed by Clarence Dutton, which is assumed by the Vening Meinesz model.
Answer: the principle of isostasy
[10] This early geologic model states that isostasy is accomplished by higher having lower-density material under them.
Answer: the Pratt-Hayford model
[10] This model competing with Pratt's claims that the Earth's density is isotropic and that isostasy is maintained by higher structures having deeper roots. It is named for an English mathematical physicist who considered isostasy using his namesake solutions to the Stokes equation.
Answer: the Airy-Heiskanen model
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This aria makes the claim that in the winter, the title character of the opera likes fat ones, while in the summer, he likes thin ones. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this aria about the title character's romantic experience, which notes that brunettes are faithful, blondes are kind, and that the title character has slept with ninety-one women in Turkey.
Answer: Madamina, il catalogo e questo (accept The Catalogue Aria or "My dear lady, this is a list")
[10] Leporello's Catalogue aria comes from this opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which also features the characters Masetto and Zerlina.
Answer: The Rake Punished, or Don Giovanni
[10] The opera begins with Leporello keeping watch outside this woman's house, whom Don Giovanni has decided to seduce.
Answer: Donna Anna
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This man served as archbishop of Ravenna, and before he took the name associated with his Office, his name was Guibert. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this person who was set up in his position as a stooge of Henry IV.
Answer: Antipope Clement III
[10] Clement III was set up in opposition to this pope, who demanded that Henry do penance, and excommunicated him after he refused.
Answer: Gregory VII
[10] The conflict between Henry IV and Gregory VII was known as this, which referred to the practice of appointing church officials.
Answer: The Investiture Controversy (or Investiture anything, really)
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This book is divided into the sections "Of the Understanding", "Of the Passions", and "Of Morals". For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book which divideds percetption into ideas and impressions, and advertises itself as an attempt introduce the experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects.
Answer: A Treatise of Human Nature
[10] A Treatise of Human Nature is especially notable for describing this notable philosophical problem, which is combined with Hume's fork to render most moralistic claims pretty dubious.
Answer: The is-ought problem (accept things like "trying to derive an ought from an is", it's probably close enough to the naturalistic fallacy to merit a prompt.)
[10] Hume also wrote this work, in which he claimed that the title concepts arise from sentiment, and not reason, thereby avoiding the is-ought problem. It also introduces Hume's concept of Virtue Ethics.
Answer: An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
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This waterway begins on Pico de Urbion in the Soria province and receives the Coa, Tamega and Tavora rivers, FTPE:,
[10] Name this river which flows through Valladolid, Burgos and Salamanca.
Answer: Douro River
[10] This city, which lies across the Douro River from Vila Nova de Gaia, is the capital of Norte and the second largest city in its country behind Lisbon.
Answer: Porto [or Oporto]
[10] The Douro begins in this Iberian nation, as do the Guadalquivir, Ebro and Tagus rivers.
Answer: Kingdom of Spain
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Belbo, Diatevelli, and Casaubon work for a publishing house and decide to invent their own conspiracy theory in this novel. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book, heavily Kabbalistic, in which one character also loves Lorenza Pellegrini.
Answer: Foucault's Pendulum
[10] Along with Foucault's Pendulum, Umberto Eco also wrote this novel, in which William of Baskerville investigates an abbey with Adso, his apprentice.
Answer: The Name of the Rose
[10] Eco also wrote this novel, in which the title character is completely oblivious to the Fourth Crusade and saves Niketas' life.
Answer: Baudolino

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