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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by Minnesota
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At one point in this novel, one of its protagonist's friends decry female writers with three names like "Ella Wheeler Catheter" or "Ford Mary Rinehart", after which another friend suggests that "what they all needed was a good rape". At one point its protagonist has a dream in which he, Steve Garvey, and Jud Hume fail to sacrifice a lamb. In another episode in this novel, Ned Gates and its protagonist hound an old man named George B. Simpson, pretending to be Havelock Ellis and Krafft-Ebbing. Its protagonist, who often visits (*) Delehanty's bar, briefly contemplates moving to a Connecticut farm with Betty. After seeing a vision of the Christ figure on his wall shining like a "bright fly", that protagonist is shot by the cripple Peter Doyle, with whose wife Faye he had been having an affair. For 10 points, identify this novel whose protagonist is tormented by the editor Shrike and who must answer letters from figures like "Desperate" and "Sick-of-it-all", a work of Nathanael West.
Answer: Miss Lonelyhearts
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He established special schools for Jews in the region of the Pale of Settlement, and this man's foreign minister Karl Nesselrode signed of mutual assistance with the Ottoman Empire. This man's Minister of People's Enlightenment, Sergei Uvarov, promoted the ideology of "orthodoxy, autocracy and nationality" and he created a secret police under the banner of the "Third Section of the Imperial Chancellory. He was deposed by the (*) Czartoryski-led Sejm in the November Uprising in Poland, and this man died while fighting during the Crimean war. He had earlier suppressed an attempt to overthrow his government by the Decembrists. For 10 points, identify this tsar who came to the throne after a power struggle involving his brother Constantine and who succeeded Alexander I in 1825.
Answer: tsar Nicholas I Pavlovich
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One work by this thinker discusses certain culinary practices during the Lent holidays and on Fridays in his Concerning the Eating of Fish. In one of this author's works, he personifies Peace as a means of describing her benefits. Prior to his The Complaint of Peace, he argued against the idea of just war on the basis that a sufficiently motivated ruler will find any pretext to rationalize the cause. At the same time, this man wrote of the danger of a monarch embarking on such a campaign, stating "a prince cannot revenge himself on his enemy without first opening hostilities without first opening hostilities against his own people" in his (*) Institutio principis Christiani. This man continued to support Plato's idea of a philosopher-king in the Enchiridion, in which this man espoused a dualistic relationship between the soul and the physical body. A pacifist who saw war as a disruption of reason, FTP, name this philosopher who argued against Luther in his A Discussion of Free Will, who also published the Humanist tract In Praise of Folly.
Answer: Desiderius Erasmus
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A later poem by this author describes an individual who meditates in a grove by the title structure and chants "Let Buddha be my refuge." In one of his works, the title character is granted a boon by the God of spring and the God of love, which helps her gain the love of a warrior prince. This author of "Boro-Budur" and Chitra, wrote a play in which the sickly son of Madhav expects a letter from a King. Another of his plays contains the demoralized Bishu whose life is changed after (*) Nandini helps the town of Yakshapuri overcome a cruel king who desires gold. This author also wrote "Thou hast made me endless" as the first line of his most notable volume of poetry, which includes a preface by W. B. Yeats. For 10 points, identify this author of works such as The Post Office and Red Oleanders, who also wrote the poetry collection Gitanjali, or Song Offerings.
Answer: Rabindranath Tagore
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Phorbol esters and ionophores of this element can be used to activate Protein kinase C in the absence of any upstream signals. Levels of this element's ions are elevated when signaling by phospholipase C results in IP3, which binds to its transporter. In the immediate aftermath of fertilization, levels of its ions rapidly increase, which helps prevent other sperm cells binding the fertilized egg. After its levels spike when its ions are released from the (*) sarcoplasmic reticulum, it binds troponin-C, which changes the conformation of muscle proteins and aids in muscle contraction. For 10 points, identify this element whose divalent cation widely functions as a second messenger in signaling.
Answer: calcium
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A key pass thrown to Randy Peschel cost this school "The Big Shootout" game, which saw President Richard Nixon watch this team, then coached by Frank Broyles, lose to the Darrell Royal-led Texas. Later, as Athletic Director, Broyles would face racial discrimination charges from the men's basketball coach at this school who took the team to the 1995 NCAA championship game, losing to UCLA despite employing Nolan (*) Richardson's "40 Minutes of Hell" strategy. True freshman quarterback Mitch Mustain helped lead this team to the SEC Championship game in 2006, but transferred after the season after being benched by then-coach Huston Nutt. Currently facing controversy over rape allegations involving five members of the men's basketball team, FTP, name this alma mater of Felix Jones and Darren McFadden, an SEC school and popularizer of the WildHog formation.
Answer: University of Arkansas
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This group eliminated a special clause in its constitution to call a meeting after a massacre of Khaksars. For a brief period its popularity waned after its leaders refused to support the Khilafat movement. This party attempted to organize a strike on the "Direct Action Day," but that strike resulted in severe communal violence. In 1916, this organization signed an agreement with a rival organization that recognized this organization's demands for a separate (*) electorate; that agreement was concluded in the city of Lucknow where this group established its headquarters. It adopted the "two-nation" theory proposed by Muhammad Iqbal, and this organization was led by people such as Aga Khan and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. For 10 points, identify this organization that succeeded in creating the independent nation of Pakistan.
Answer: All-India Muslim League [or AIML]
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Taking the curl of the static member of this set yields a Helmholtz equation for one of the governed quantities with a constant equal in cgs units to minus four pi carrier density fundamental charge squared over electron rest energy. This set of equations can be reduced to the single equation minus speed of light, carrier density, fundamental charge squared over electron rest energy all times vector potential equals current density, but only in the Coulomb gauge, which is the same as these equations' namesake gauge. The aforementioned Helmholtz equation constant is the inverse square of a quantity that gives the e-folding distance of external fields, that being the (*) penetration depth named for these equations. For 10 points, name this pair of equations that give the electromagnetic fields in a type-one superconductor in terms of phenomenological variables.
Answer: the London equations
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This fully-insured character's health-card notes that his only stay in a hospital left him cured, and a social psychologist notes that he was popular and liked a drink. He was a "saint" in the modern sense "of an old-fashioned word," and Producers Research and High Grade living note that he understood the benefits of an (*) installment plan, which he used to purchase a phonograph and a Frigidaire. "He worked in a factory and never got fired," for his employers, Fidge Motors, Inc. A statue was erected of him on the grounds that "there was no official complaint" against him, as determined by the "Bureau of Statistics." For 10 points, name this title character of a W.H.Auden poem, of whom it is concluded "Was he happy? Was he free? The question is absurd/ Had anything been wrong, we should certainly have heard."
Answer: "The Unknown Citizen" [accept "JS/07/M/378"]
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The n-sample location test can be built up as a series of tests of this type because the one-sample location test is always exactly of this type. A priori, this procedure requires knowledge of the population variance, an assumption relaxed in a similar procedure in which the central statistic is different by a factor of root sample size from the central statistic in this test. The statistic central to this test is equal to the sample mean minus the assumed true mean all over the standard deviation; it is used as a parameter in the standard normal cdf to generate a p value, the probability that the (*) null hypothesis holds. For 10 points, name this simplest type of statistical test that is similar to the more general t-test.
Answer: a z-test [prompt on significance test before "population variance"]
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One man known primarily for holding this office opposed selling Germany helium for fear of its use in military dirigibles, and held a press conference in 1938 offering Alaska as a place to resettle Jewish refugees from Germany. Another person to hold this post was forced to respond to charges by one of his employees, Louis Glavis, leading to an open letter sent to Jonathan Dolliver, while a third holder of this cabinet office gained early fame for leading the defense team in the Albert Jennings Fountain Murder Case. One holder of this office was accused of improperly allowing private (*) mining interests to gain access to Alaskan coalfields by Forest Service Chief Gifford Pichot, while Harold Ickes held this cabinet post under Franklin Roosevelt. Richard Ballinger held this cabinet post, as did a man who allowed Harry Sinclair and Edward Doheny to sign leases without open bids at Naval Reserves in Elk Hills and Buena Vista, California, as well as Teapot Dome, Wyoming. Albert Fall held, FTP, what cabinet post responsible for numerous domestic administrative agencies, whose recent Secretaries include Gale Norton and current secretary Ken Salazar.
Answer: Secretary of the Interior
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A large boulder like structure is imposed over a background of white and blue vertical lines in one of this artist's woodcuts that features the three titular figures facing away from the viewer. In another of this artist's works, a setting sun casts a pillar of light in the upper hand corner while the titular figure crawls up onto a beach. In addition to Girls on the Bridge and Lady of the Sea, this artist was inspired by David to paint a Death of Marat in which a table bearing pomegranates and avocados appears next to a full-front naked woman with a blank stare. Self-portraits of this man include one between clock and bed and an extremely disappointing one with a skeletal arm. This artist's (*) Puberty depicts a shadow looming over a creepy girl sitting on a bed and he also painted a red-haired figure biting the neck of a man in his The Vampire. A woman with her arms behind her head and a woman in black mourning over a bed can be seen in this painter's three-piece series about "Life, Love and Death", The Frieze of Life. With a famous painting depicting red clouds from the eruption of Krakatoa, FTP, identify this 19th century expressionist artist whose best-known work has a man clasping his face in terror in The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
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This group once goaded a man into fighting a beggar named Arnaeus who went by the alias Irus; one member of this group, Ctesippus, later threw an ox's hoof at the winner of that fight. One of the leaders of this group took the handmaid Melantho as a mistress. The bard Phemius and the herald Medon are spared this group's eventual fate, though the pleas of their soothsayer Leodes fell on deaf ears. The foremost members of this group were a son of Eupeithes and a son of Polybus named (*) Antinous and Eurymachus respectively. All of them fail to string a certain bow and fire an arrow through twelve ax-heads, and some of them are killed by the cowherd Philoteus and the swineherd Eumaeus. For 10 points, identify this group whose desires were allayed by the weaving of a funeral shroud for Laertes and who were mostly slaughtered by Telemachus and Odysseus, the latter of whom was understandably angry that they had been courting his wife.
Answer: the suitors of Penelope [accept logical equivalents; accept the Proci]
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Fully substituted derivatives of this compound can be synthesized by dehydrating the product of the pyradine-catalyzed reaction of an alpha-halogen carbonyl with a beta-dicarbonyl. An unexpected property of this molecule results from the delocalization of one of the lone pairs on its electronegative component. The most useful derivative of this compound is formed by catalytic reduction over palladium; use of that derivative often allows organo-metallic reactions to take place with lower-valency metals, for example a Reformatsky reaction on copper-two salts. This five-membered organic heterocycle has one oxygen, four carbons, and eight pairs of bonding electrons and is therefore (*) aromatic. This chemical is synthesized in the oxygen Paal-Knorr synthesis and the Feist-Benary synthesis. For 10 points, name this chemical that has a derivative with four added hydrogens that is a widely used mild organic solvent.
Answer: furan [accept on tetrahydrofuran or other furan derivatives until "eight pairs"; prompt on permutations of H4C4O or the forumlae of other furan derivatives]
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A sixty-bar passage found in the drafts of this composition is thought to be a fragmentary version of its composer's never-completed cello concerto. Its first section ends with the strings playing descending pizzicato scales in the key of B major, which occurs after climactic descending trumpet scales lead into a trombone chorale based on a quotation of a hymn from the Russian Orthodox Requiem. The second section of its final movement is said to contain a "cry of desperation" played amidst ominous timpani rolls and quotations from its first movement; that unusually despairing final movement is marked adagio lamentoso. Bass clarinets are sometimes used for a passage in its first movement which otherwise requires bassoons to play in a dynamic marked with (*) six p's, while its second movement is a so-called "limping waltz" in the unusual 5/4 time signature. For 10 points, identify this work completed shortly before its composer's death from cholera, the final symphony of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Answer: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B minor [accept Pathetique or Tchaikovsky's Op. 74; Tchaikovsky's name isn't needed after it's mentioned]
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This work describes Johanna as a "fallen woman" who is seduced by a man who was "entirely himself" but could not be a "fallen man." The male protagonist of this work vividly remembers sitting on his father's knee and being offered a meerschaum pipe. Regina is actually the (*) half-sister of this work's male protagonist, who is an artist returning from Paris to see his mother Helen. An orphanage in this work catches fire after two characters walk through a carpenter's shop, which causes Engstrand to hatch a blackmail scheme to gain funds for his Sailors' Home. The views of this work's male protagonist are contrasted with the stuffy morality of Parson Manders. For 10 points, name this play that presents the sins of Captain Alving and the syphilis of Oswald as the titular spirits, a work by Ibsen.
Answer: Ghosts [or Gengangere]
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In 1994, Thomas Holtz argued that the enlarged metatarsal bones of this animal evolved in an evolutionary arms race since the same structure is also found in its smaller prey. Unique skull features of this creature include pneumatized or `honeycombed' spaces, which allowed increased bone flexibility and compared to other members of Tetanurae, this animal possesses a more U-shaped jaw structure. The earliest direct relative to this creature is the feathered Chinese Dilong and a recent debate concerns whether the "Nano" variety is a unique species or juvenile of this animal. Despite its prominent binocular vision consistent with predatory behavior, Jack Horner argues this creature is exclusively a (*) scavenger due to its large olfactory bulbs in an on-going debate. The largest and most complete specimen of this creature is displayed at the Chicago Field Museum and is named "Sue". Possessing a two-digit forelimb as opposed to the three of the earlier, Allosaurus, FTP, identify this large North American Late Cretaceous theropod dinosaur whose name translates from the Latin to "king of the tyrant lizards".
Answer: Tyrannosaurus rex
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A song cycle from this composer features movements representing an encounter with a giant beetle and one in which a child fails off of his stick horse on the way to Yukki. Along with The Nursery, other song cycles by this man include one with a section "Enclosed Inside Four Walls", Sunless and another cycle with a Trepak representing a peasant in a blizzard, Songs and Dances of Death. The second act of one of this man's operas people panicking over a pig's snout appearing in a window and that opera is known for its Gopak wedding dance. In addition to The Fair at (*) Sorochyntski, another work by this man depicts the clumsy running around of a gnome and a 2/4 time signature pesante section involving oxen pulling a large cart. Such sections are separated by an alternative 5/4 and 6/4 time promenade and other portions of that work include a conversation between poor and rich Jews, a panicking chase by a "Hut on Hen's Legs? and the Great Gate of Kiev. FTP, identify this Russian composer who depicts Chernobog in Night on Bald Mountain and is best know for his Pictures at an Exhibition.
Answer: Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
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One story involving this figure has him calling out to the raven and the sea-duck to gather his pearly tears to which only the latter complies and is awarded with glorious plumage. This character is responsible for catching the giant fire-pike and used its jawbone to craft the first kantele. Another event involving this character is his slaying of Otso the Honeyeater with a three-pronged spear while another has this character summoning a dwarf from the seas to chop down a giant oak tree blocking out the sun. This figure is rescued from (*) falling into the sea by a giant eagle after catching and losing a salmon that was actually his music-contest won bride, Aino. This character once created a windstorm to carry his friend from the top of fir tree to the land of Pohyola and then convinced that friend, Ilmarinen to forge the magical Sampo. The only son of the great mother goddess, Ilmatar, FTP, identify this `eternal bard' of Finnish folklore, the main hero of the Kalevala.
Answer: Wainamoinen or Vainamoinen
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This country's neighbor had a political party called the Hats, which instigated a war in which Peter Lacy invaded this country. That conflict that ended with the Treaty of Abo, which resulted in this nation's occupation. The traitorous Gustav Otto Douglas was the governor of this country during one occupation period that also saw Mikhail Golitsyn act as its governor. In addition to being occupied in the Lesser and Greater Wraths, this country was invaded by Great Britain during (*) World War II during raids on its cities of Kirkenes and Petsamo. The Mainila incident precipitated a war in which this country was invaded, and that war saw this country capitulate to the Treaty of Moscow and give up parts of Karelia. 10 points, name this country that constructed the Mannerheim Line to defend itself from Russia in the Continuation and Winter Wars.
Answer: Finland [or Suomi]
 
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by Minnesota
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify each of the following about thioesters for 10 points.,
[10] This peptide is transferred from E1 to E2 to E3 proteins, after which it is added to lysine residues via isopeptide linkages. Proteins are targeted to proteasomes by addition of this peptide.
Answer: ubiquitin
[10] A thioester is found in this compound which is synthesized by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. It enters the Krebs cycle by being hydrolyzed with oxaloacetate to yield.
Answer: acetyl-coezymeA
[10] These compounds must form a thioester with coenzyme A before they can be used as an energy source. A carnitine intermediate is created in the reactions that accompany transfer of these compounds to the mitochondrial matrix.
Answer: fatty acids
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One outcome of this conflict was that Charles V's son Don Carlos became King of Naples and Sicily. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this conflict which more notably saw Frederick Augustus II gain power after Stanislaw I was defeated.
Answer: War of the Polish Succession
[10] The War of the Polish Succession was ended by a treaty signed in this city. Kara Mustafa attempted to siege this city in 1683, though that siege was warded off by the forces of Jan III Sobieski.
Answer: Vienna [or Wien]
[10] Poland had been an Elective Monarchy ever since the death of this Jagiellon king in 1572. The Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth was created when the Union of Lublin was signed during his reign.
Answer: Sigismund II Augustus
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Name some composers who wrote Louisiana-based operas, for 10 points each.,
[10] Des Grieux and the title character are exiled to Louisiana in this man's opera Manon Lescaut, which shouldn't be confused with similar operas by Auber and Massenet. You may also know him for Madame Butterfly.
Answer: Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
[10] This guy's Koanga has a titular bayou voodoo priest and was based on George Washington Cable's The Grandissimes. He also wrote the music to the opera A Village Romeo and Juliet.
Answer: Frederick Delius
[10] Bazile loves Aurore, but a jealous bitch named Clothilde sets a lynch mob after him in the opera A Bayou Legend, by this "dean of Black American composers" who also composed the opera Troubled Island and the Afro-American Symphony.
Answer: William Grant Still
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Name the following about works whose Masterplots summaries contain the word "pancake," for 10 points each.,
[10] Masterplots describes the pampas as "an ocean of land, pancake-flat" in its summary of Martin Fierro, a novel by Jose Hernandez exemplary of a genre of literature about these horsemen of Argentina.
Answer: Gauchos
[10] Masterplots notes that the Pancake Feast at Leadenhall on Shrove Tuesday occurs during this Thomas Dekker play, subtitled "Or, The Gentle Craft," in which Simon Eyre is the titular footwear artisan.
Answer: The Shoemaker's Holiday
[10] Masterplots describes the gift of a pancake-in-a-box to a fresh-off-the-boat immigrant in this author's play F.O.B. This Chinese-American playwright also penned M. Butterfly.
Answer: David Henry Hwang
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For a classical, closed system, this quantity is given by the sum over states of the quantity e to the minus thermodynamic beta times state energy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity, one of which corresponds to each thermodynamic ensemble and from which every thermodynamic variable may be extracted, in principle.
Answer: the partition function [prompt on N]
[10] The quantity e to the minus thermodynamic beta times state energy is known as this. For many classical systems, the thermodynamic beta is equal to a like-named constant times the absolute temperature.
Answer: a Boltzmann factor [do not accept or prompt on "Boltzmann"]
[10] This ensemble can exchange both heat and particles with a reservoir. Its partition function is given by the sum over states and particle numbers of the statistical fugacity to the particle number times the state Boltzmann factor.
Answer: a classical grand canonical ensemble [prompt on classical open system; do not accept or prompt on "canonical ensemble"]
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Its five chapters include one that defines the namesake concept, and another that details "Of What Sort of Proof" its namesake concept "is Susceptible." FTPE:,
[10] Name this 19th century work of moral philosophy, named for a theory that states that actions are right to the extent that they produce happiness and wrong to the extent that they produce pain, also called the Greatest-Happiness Principle.
Answer: Utilitarianism
[10] Utilitarianism is a work by this moral philosopher and disciple of Jeremy Bentham who elucidated the Harm Principle, a component of utilitarianism, in his earlier work On Liberty.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
[10] Though J.S. Mill credited his wife, Harriet Taylor Mill, with co-writing this essay, most contemporary critics believe that he was the sole author. It espouses a pro-feminist view based on utilitarian grounds.
Answer: The Subjection of Women
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Answer the following about the most ridiculous of scandals, the Petticoat Affair, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Petticoat Affair concerned this former wife of John Timberlake who married a U.S. senator a SCANDALOUSLY short time after her husband died.
Answer: Margaret "Peggy" Eaton [or O'Neale]
[10] The Petticoat Affair prompted the rise of this politician, then Jackson's Secretary of State, and the lone bachelor in the cabinet. He rode Jackson's popularity to the presidency in 1836, but Jackson's economic policies saddled this president with the Panic of 1837.
Answer: Martin Van Buren
[10] The Petticoat Affair also marked the rise of the Kitchen Cabinet, which included as a member this Virginia-based editor of the Washington Globe who was later instrumental in organizing the Republican party.
Answer: Francis Preston Blair Sr.
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Burkin and Ivan Ivanich Chimsha-Himalaisky take shelter from the rain in Alekhin's home at this story's beginning. For 10 points each:,
[10] The short stories "Butterfly" and "Lady with Dog," as well as the travelogue Sakhalin Island, were written by this author who also wrote a play whose title characters are Masha, Olga, and Irena.
Answer: Anton Pavlovich Chekhov
[10] Name this Chekhov story in which Ivan tells of his brother Nikolai's quest to buy an estate. Nikolai slaves for many years to buy the property, and eventually proclaims some misshapen and sour fruit delicious.
Answer: "Gooseberries" [or "Kryzhovnik"]
[10] Chekhov wrote this play in which the title character chills with Sasha Lyebedev while his wife Anna, who converted from Judaism to be with him, dies of TB. Lvov is an annoying doctor who keeps telling the title character how much he sucks, which may be why the title character blows his own brains out at the end of this play.
Answer: Ivanov
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This equation is given in general by stating that the time partial of the fluid density is equal to the divergence of the product of the fluid density and velocity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this equation.
Answer: the continuity equation
[10] The continuity equation is a conservation law for this quantity in a fluid.
Answer: the fluid mass
[10] In this type of flow, having a Mach number much less than unity, the continuity equation reduces to divergence of fluid velocity equals zero.
Answer: incompressible [prompt on isochoric or constant-density]
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It was first described in the 1912 paper Experimental Studies on the Perception of Motion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this optical illusion studied by Max Wertheimer in which flashing lights give the illusion of movement.
Answer: Phi Phenomenon [accept color phi phenomenon, prompt on beta movement]
[10] The phi phenomenon is a central part of this school of psychology, which suggests that we understand perception as a whole rather than a sum of parts.
Answer: Gestalt psychology
[10] This optical illusion of size constancy causes the viewed to mistake the size of line segments bounded by double arrows. Interestingly, the Zulu are less susceptible, possibly because they live in circular dwellings.
Answer: Muller Lye Illusion [accept Bretano illusion, or any combination of the three names, do not accept Zollner illusion]
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Some people are named Ypsilantis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Alexander Ypsilantis, like most people with that last name, was a dude whose family originated in this country. He helped to lead its independence movement against the Ottoman Empire, culminating in the Battle of Navarino Bay.
Answer: Hellenistic Republic of Greece
[10] Demetrios Ypsilantis, and his brother, the aforementioned Alexander, were members of this group of expatriate Greeks who took their name from that of the Greek quarter of Constantinople.
Answer: Phanariotes [accept reasonable pronunciations]
[10] Alexander Ypsilantis Senior, the Voivod of Wallachia, was present at the signing of the humiliating Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji, which reduced the Ottoman Empire after a 1768-74 war with this nation.
Answer: Russia
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This book is the sixth book in the New Testament. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this longest of the Pauline epistles, which claims that Jews who don't believe in Jesus will still be saved, and is addressed to an Italian church.
Answer: Paul's Epistle to the Romans
[10] Romans is the subject of a book by this Swiss Reformed theologian who also laid out the doctrines of Protestantism in his Church Dogmatics.
Answer: Karl Barth
[10] Romans is an especially contentious book between Protestants and Catholics because it can be used to both justify and undermine this Protestant principle notably lauded by Luther that good works are not necessary for salvation.
Answer: Sola gratia [accept Salvation by Grace Alone; or Faith Alone; accept close equivalents]
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Identify the following about uses of the sequence B-flat, A, C, B-natural, also known as the BACH motif, for 10 points each.,
[10] Six Variations on the theme BACH is this composer's opus 10. Other works by this member of the Mighty Five include the Russian Easter Festival Overture, the suite Scheherazade, and the interlude Flight of the Bumblebee.
Answer: Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
[10] The BACH motif is first introduced in the trombones in the first movement of the Variations for Orchestra, a work by this pioneer of atonality who also composed the opera Moses und Aron and the oratorio Gurre-Lieder.
Answer: Arnold Schoenberg
[10] This author of music theory textbooks like Counterpoint, Orchestration, and Harmony also composed the 1940 organ piece Chromatic Study on the Name of BACH, but is more famous for the ballet The Incredible Flutist.
Answer: Walter Hamor Piston, Jr.
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One character in this work is romantically linked to the communist Ekki Giesebrecht, her mother's lover Gerry Watchett, and her husband Hugh, who writes the book The Invisible Lover about her. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work about Helen Ledwidge and the sociologist Anthony Beavis. Its title is taken from John Milton's Samson Agonistes.
Answer: Eyeless in Gaza
[10] Henry Hutton's wife dies after eating a plate of stewed currants in "The Gioconda Smile", a story by this author of Eyeless in Gaza. He also wrote about Mustapha Mond, Bernard Marx, and John the Savage in Brave New World.
Answer: Aldous Leonard Huxley
[10] This other Huxley novel has a title taken from Marlowe's Edward II. Its protagonist, Theodore Gumbril, invents some pneumatic trousers and sometimes disguises himself as "The Complete Man" to meet with people.
Answer: Antic Hay
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This figure grew ten feet taller every day for eighteen thousand years in order to push the two halves of an egg apart and thus create the heavens and the Earth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this primordial giant from Chinese myth, sometimes said to be accompanied in the task of creation by a turtle, a phoenix, a dragon, and a qilin [chi-lin].
Answer: Pan-gu [or Pan-ku from crazy Wade-Giles people]
[10] This god was sometimes said to have been born from an egg due to syncretization with the Orphic creator god Phanes. This cult figure was often accompanied by the torchbearers Cautes and Cautopates in depictions of the tauroctony.
Answer: Mithras
[10] This Hindu god fathered himself and the whole world from his own golden egg. This grew his four faces to see his beloved Shatarupa from all directions. Oh, he's some kind of creator god in the Trimurti.
Answer: Brahma
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lil' Wayne's "Hot Revolver" opens with an Autotuned version of the couplet that also opens this song, which sees its singer visit "a shrink" and "a whore". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this song from 1994's Dookie which begins with the lines "Do you have the time/To listen to me whine". Its singer later notes that "Sometimes I give myself the creeps" and asks "Am I just paranoid? Or am I just stoned?"
Answer: "Basket Case"
[10] "Basket Case", like "Longview", "Welcome to Paradise", and "When I Come Around", are songs by this pop-punk band that released the rock operas American Idiot and 21st Century Breakdown in 2004 and 2009 respectively.
Answer: Green Day
[10] In this song, the first single from Green Day's Warning, the singer describes being "Blinded by the silence of a thousand broken hearts" and asserts that he "want[s] to be" the title entity and that he "don't need your authority".
Answer: "Minority"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author went by the name "Vero Eretico" when he published such fascinating reads as "Jan Hus, True Prophet." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who co-authored The Cardinal's Mistress with Santi Corvaja and also edited a periodical called Avanti! and spurred the authorship of the Acerbo Law.
Answer: Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
[10] Between his rise and getting his head used as a soccer ball, Mussolini negotiated the Lateran Treaty with this polity that was then headed by Pius XI.
Answer: Vatican City [accept Holy See; prompt on Catholic Church or equivalents]
[10] A controversial episode in Mussolini's rule saw him try to cover up the murder of this man by squadrista Amerigo Dumini. This socialist politician wrote The Fascisti Exposed and was murdered after denouncing the Fascist elections as fraudulent.
Answer: Giacomo Matteotti
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character of this work murders his former employer Guillaume after he is laid off from his job. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work whose protagonist David travels to Paris and falls in love with the title character, but attempts to run away with Hella after being unable to accept his homosexuality.
Answer: Giovanni's Room
[10] Giovanni's Room was written by this author who wrote describing the salvation of John Grimes on his fourteenth birthday in a work titled Go Tell It on the Mountain.
Answer: James Baldwin
[10] This Baldwin opus is divided into sections titled "My Dungeon Shook" and "Down at the Cross." In it, Baldwin argued that denying the multiracial nature of America was to condemn it to "sterility and decay" and also asked the question, "Do I really want to be integrated into a burning house?"
Answer: The Fire Next Time
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For a linear transform, this quantity is the dimension of the image of the domain. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity, which is equal to the dimension of a square matrix corresponding to a linear transform if the column vectors of the matrix are linearly independent.
Answer: the rank
[10] In general, the dimension of a matrix is equal to its rank plus this quantity, the dimension of its pre-image of zero.
Answer: the nullity [prompt on dimension of kernel or dimension of null space]
[10] The nullity can be determined quickly using this theorem, according to which the orthogonal complement of the row space of a square matrix is the pre-image of zero.
Answer: Fredholm's theorem
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One subject of this artist exclaims that she'd rather drown that ask Brad for help while another subject "presses the fire control" and watches rockets blaze through the sky, FTPE.,
[10] First, name this American pop artist whose works such as Drowning Girl and WHAAM! involve large scale reproductions of comic book prints.
Answer: Roy Lichtenstein
[10] Lichtenstein was a pioneer of using these optical illusionary entities in his art. Their spacing and size allowed comic book artists to emulate certain colors of ink at a lower cost. For example, widely spaced magenta ones can create pink.
Answer: Ben-Day dots
[10] In this Lichtenstein work, one figure is seen with his hand clasped over his mouth and has a large grin on his face while the other figure unbeknownst to him is struggling with an object that has become stuck to his person. These subjects are wearing red and blue tops respectively.
Answer: Look Mickey!

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