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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by ChicagoB + Ottawa
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William Hazlitt compared sections of this work to "the turning up of fresh soil," and M.H. Abrams played up its simplicity and expressiveness in The Mirror and the Lamp. A preface to this work describes how only an italicized portion of one of its entries has any real value, before concluding that poetry sheds human tears rather than celestial ones. One work in this collection describes a woman who cries "Oh misery! Oh misery," while another centers on a girl bringing a porridge-bowl to a graveyard. Those works, "The Thorn" and "We Are Seven," were compiled in this work before a later account of a figure who loses his son Luke to corrupt urban life. "Michael, a Pastoral" was collected in the second volume of this work, whose original publication included "The Mad Mother" and (*) "Simon Lee, the Old Huntsman." A poem beginning "she dwelt among the untrodden ways" in this collection is often grouped with the Lucy Poems, penned by a man who described "recognitions dim and faint" upon revisiting a favorite lookout spot in one of this collection's best-known entries. Also featuring a poem about a man who "stoppeth one of three" before a wedding to relate his albatross violence, FTP, identify this poetry collection containing "Tintern Abbey" and "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," a landmark of Romanticism written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth.
Answer: Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems
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One of the men who led the response to this event was later rejected by the Senate for the post of Secretary of Defense, while one of the men who received some legal fallout from this event had earlier in his career embarrassingly trivialized the El Mozote massacre, telling a Senate committee that the reports of hundreds of deaths in El Salvadaor "were not credible." This event was an attempt to circumvent a series of three amendments collectively called the (*) Boland Amendment, and it was complicated by the crash of Arrow Air Flight 1285. The architect of the second phase of this affair was Oliver North, and key details of this scandal are revealed in a letter sent by North to Oliver Poindexter. The Tower Commission was appointed to investigate, FTP, what American political scandal that saw the sales of arms to a namesake country and used the proceeds to fund a Nicaraguan rebel group, which occurred during the presidency of Ronald Reagan?
Answer: Iran-Contra affair or caso Iran-contras
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The Nabonidus Cylinder indicates how that king built the Eulmash temple at Sippar-Amnanum to this divinity's Annunitum aspect, which was popular with the Akkadians. Shara was a local war god venerated as a son of this figure, who was worshiped at complexes like Emashmash and the Eanna and associated with Nanaya. This figure transmitted knowledge of key technologies and abstract ideas to mankind after pilfering the E-Abzu shrine and getting another figure drunk off his ass, after which this figure was pursued by demons sent by Enki. A hermaphroditic messenger was sent to deliver some enchanted water to save this figure after an impassioned plea by (*) Ninshubur, who served as this deity's advisor. Another myth relates how this lover of the gardener Ishullanu and an agricultural god associated with Adonis underwent a seven-stage disrobing while descending to the underworld to visit her sister, Erishkigal. After a king of Uruk refused to hook up with this skanky consort of Tammuz, she demanded that the Bull of Heaven be sent after Enkidu and Gilgamesh. FTP, identify this goddess of love and war, also known as Inanna and Astarte in various Mesopotamian mythologies.
Answer: Ishtar [unless Ishtar herself shows up and tells you which version is correct, accept Astarte or Inanna before mentioned]
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One form of this behavior gives a tangential effect equal to the mean ratio of dimensionless surface density minus the same ratio and was first observed in 2000 in four correlated ellipticities. This process can ne used to construct a parameter-free projected distribution via a Kaiser-Squires inversion. Shear and stretching due to this behavior produce effects known as (*) arclets. A version of this effect is being used to search for compact dark matter and massive compact halo objects and is referred to by the prefix micro-. One object exhibiting this effect is a quasar in the constellation Pegasus; the fourfold symmetry of the image of that object has led to its nickname, Einstein's Cross. This effect was first measured by Eddington during a solar eclipse. For 10 points, name general relativistic effect in which massive objects bend the trajectory of light.
Answer: gravitational lensing [prompt on lensing]
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This man offered reflections on "Having a Good Day" and "Being an Old Person" in a work cowritten with Margaret Vaughan entitled Enjoy Old Age. This man claimed that both physical characteristics and ontogenic events act as stimuli during the acquisition of language in a work that introduced "echoics" and "intraverbals". This author of Technology and Teaching asserted that there is no "autonomous man" in a work that argues for a "technology of (*) behavior" to eliminate undesirable actions. Another work by this author of Verbal Behavior outlines a 1000 person utopia ruled by Planners and Managers inspired by a work by Thoureau. For 10 points, name this psychologist who wrote Walden Two and Beyond Freedom and Dignity and developed a namesake "box" to study operant conditioning.
Answer: B. F. Skinner [accept Burrhis Frederic Skinner; or Fred Skinner, apparently]
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One work by this name spends an undue amount of time examining the dental hygiene of Kiki of Montparnasse, and grew out of a collaboration arranged by Frederick Kesler. This work features a sonnata rondo structure that sees the first theme recapitulated by triple meter xylophones, before an extended coda sequence which begins after a single bell sounds and features long periods of silence punctuated by increasingly angry contributions form this work's central instrument. This work's disastrous 1927 Carnegie Hall premiere prompted its composer to shun sheet music and declare a general distaste for (*) Marinetti, while recent orchestrations have used synchronized disklaviers in place of the 16 player pianos demanded by this piece. Originally written as the score for a Dadaist film collaboration involving Dudley Murphy, Man Ray, and Fernand Leger, this absurd futurist composition consists of the ensuing cacophony produced by switching on an assortment of items like sirens and airplane propellers. FTP, identify this musical work by George Antheil, whose title suggests a machinated version of a certain dance genre whose participants often wear tutus.
Answer: Ballet Mecanique or Mechanical Ballet
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Gossip columnist Hedda Hopper makes a cameo appearance in the media circus at the end of this film, and Buster Keaton makes another cameo as one of the "wax works" that plays bridge. After a short car chase, the protagonist is mistaken for the undertaker of a chimpanzee; after confessing that he is only a writer, he is hired to write a film version of Salome. The protagonist of this film is confined to a (*) mansion while working, but manages to escape nightly to meet with Betty Schafer for another script. Beginning with a corpse floating upside down in a swimming pool, this work sees Joe Gillis finishes the script intended for the eccentric Norma Desmond, who uses her connections from the silent era to meet with a director. Starring William Holden as a writer who becomes the love interest of Gloria Swanson, for 10 points, name this Billy Wilder film noir that sees the delivery of the line "Mr. DeMille, I'm ready for my close-up," and at a house on a certain Los Angeles street.
Answer: Sunset Boulevard
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In one of this author's short stories, the titular character attempts to borrow money from Bleecker Jones, only to have them decline, leading him to join a street gang. The novel, "George's Mother," featured an appearance by a character who in an earlier work had been described by Mary as "deh devil." In the titular poem in one of this author's collections, he advises a woman not to weep, "Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky/and the affrighted steed ran on alone." The author of (*) "War is Kind," this man famously related a creature writhing in the desert, enjoying the bitterness of eating his own heart, in his Black Riders. Better-known for stories about the titular residence of the Swede, and for writing about his own survival after he was shipwrecked off Cuba. The author of "The Blue Hotel" and "The Open Boat," FTP, name this man who wrote about Jimmy, Pete, and the title girl in "Maggie, Girl of the Streets," also known for penning The Red Badge of Courage.
Answer: Stephen Crane
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This philosophical school's writings were notably excluded from the Great Library of the Four Treasures, compiled by members of a scholastic reform movement based on the rejection of this philosophy. The "evidential principle" criticized this school, whose moralistic theories were refined in Lectures on Things at Hand, while one of its main proponents was exiled over his belief in innate knowledge. This philosophy espouses a base source, as the "Supreme Ultimate," from which two opposing forces emerge, a material spirit that inspires all immoral action, and a pervasive rational operator which drives the universe. Zhang Zai was a major proponent of this philosophy, which became incredibly important in (*) Japan due largely to the efforts of Wang Shouren. This system assumes the interaction of qi with another force not to be confused with an early philosophy's principle of ritual, the aforementioned rational operator li. Based around a set of commentaries on the Four Classics by Zhu Xi, this system incorporated Buddhist and Taoist principles into a refined form of its major precursor. FTP, identify this philosophical school created during China's Song dynasty, which advocated a "new" form of the namesake philosophy of the author of the Analects.
Answer: Neo-Confucianism or Lixue or Daoxue
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A Supreme Court case with this man as the named respondent ruled that held that that forfeiture of citizenship constituted a cruel and unusual punishment, and involved the desertion of Albert Trop. This took over the Senate seat held by the architect of a 1935 National Labor Relations Act, New York's Robert Wagner, and was himself succeeded in his more famous position by Christian Herter. His examination of the shipping manifest for the Alfhem, which this cabinet official asserted was carrying Czech weapons, eventually led to the end of the Ten Years of Spring in one country. This man's early career saw him assist Arthur Vandenberg during the (*) San Francisco Conference and his uncle, Robert Lansing, during Versailles, but he is better-known for backing an effort led by Carlos Castillo as an aggressive form of the policy this political figure advocated in War or Peace. This man's orchestration of Operation PBSUCCESS was criticized over his ownership of United Fruit Company shares, and he also intervened in the first re-election of Konrad Adenauer and arranged for a family member's organization to conduct Operation Ajax. Mohammed Mossadegh and Jacabo Arbenz lost power thanks to the efforts of this successor of Dean Acheson, who poorly counseled his President during the Suez Crisis after backing regime change in Guatemala and Iran. FTP, identify this Secretary of State under Dwight Eisenhower, the brother of CIA director Allen.
Answer: John Foster Dulles (prompt on Dulles before "Allen," accept it after; accept Albert Trop before mentioned)
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George Lyman Kittredge contrasted the European and American variations on this practice, which was demanded by the Haddington Petition. Matthew Hopkins championed this practice, which in Italy led to unintended public interest in the Lady of the East. Peter Binsfield wrote a set of judicial commentaries central to this practice, which led to the downfall of Francis Stewart, the Lord Admiral of Scotland, after one monarch's difficulties during a voyage to pursue a marriage with Anne of Denmark. Agnes Sampson was central one of these actions in North Berwick, which inspired the aforementioned King, (*) James I, to pen a 1597 tract laying down guidelines for and calling for a general increase in this practice. Johannes Nider led a discussion at the Council of Basel that set the guidelines for this practice, while the papal bull Summis desiderantes affectibis led to a publication advocating this practice that described the innate, inextinguishable sexual lusting common to all women. That work by Heinrich Kramer and Jakob Sprenger described such classic tenets of this practice as trial by ordeal, and torturing the living hell out of people until they admitted to having sex with the devil. Advocated by the Malleus Malifcarum, FTP, identify this popular medieval pastime in Southern Germany, in which thousands of innocent people were stoned, drowned, or immolated for allegedly practicing black magic.
Answer: Witch Hunting or Trials or any equivalent involving bad things happening to witches; accept just Witchcraft before "advocating" as demonstration of precise knowledge)
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The coexistence pressures of liquids modeled by this form exhibit a so-called soft sphere asymptote, but are discontinuous at low temperatures, a problem that can be fixed by leveling this function off after its minimum. This function can be modified to account for dipole-dipole interactions through the addition of an anisotropic coefficient over distance cubed. The aforementioned modifications were respectively developed by (*) Weeks, Chandler and Andersen and Stockmayer to extend the applicability of this potential. This potential contains parameters called the well depth and effective diameter. It respectively models long-range van der Waals attractions and short-range Pauli forces using its distance to the minus six and distance to the minus twelve terms. For 10 points, name this mathematical model of the interaction energy between a pair of neutral molecules, a model named after just one physicist with a compound last name.
Answer: the Lennard-Jones potential [prompt on L-J potential or 6-12 potential or 12-6 potential]
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This novel closes by returning to a repeated ethereal motif of white moths flying around in white light, creatures first encountered during a visit to Bigburger. The protagonist of this work spends time on the Domain at the home of the speech writer Raymond and carries on an affair with his sophisticated wife, a Joan Baez fan named Yvette. Other expatriates include the protagonist's servant, who may be his half-brother, Metty, and the fast food franchisee couple Mahesh and Shoba, who are in hiding from Shoba's family. The Belgian priest Father Huismans is occupied with (*) humanitarian work in this novel, which sees the young, uneducated Ferdinand installed as a local governor as part of a political program. This novel's protagonist first flees political unrest in his family's home on the coast, and narrates the rise of the "Big Man," an African dictator who transforms the unnamed country from colony to corrupt hellhole. Centering on the merchant Selim, FTP, identify this novel which mirrors the setting of Conrad's Heart of Darkness, a work by V. S. Naipal whose title refers to a geographic turn in the course of the Congo.
Answer: A Bend in the River
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Jesus kneels with three very distressed angels as an angry crowd gathers at left in this man's Christ in the Garden of Olives. A rare self-portrait casts him as a character from Scott's Bride of Lammermoor, Edgard Ravenswood, while a more famous one showing this artist clad in green was a gift to Jenny Le Guillou. This man also created the mural Heliodorus Driven from the Temple for Saint-Sulpice Church. Most of the spear-wielding figures have been unhorsed as they battle with the titular beasts in this man's rawly-colored Lion Hunt, while an old man on horseback is accompanied by a bearer of a large green flag whilst proceeding through a wild crowd in this artist's The Fanatics of (*) Tangiers, a work inspired by a trip that also produced his portrait of hookah use in a harem, Women of Algiers. This man showed a red-turbaned author being ferried by Virgil across a river of damned souls in The Barque of Dante, and depicted Ottoman soldiers conducting conduct the titular action against residents of a Greek island in Massacre at Chios. Best-known for depicting the ruin of a titular Assyrian king, and for placing himself brandishing a firearm next to a topless woman with a Phrygian cap, FTP, name this French painter of The Death of Sardanapulus and Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
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This thinker argued the titular men all created a "secondary language" that separated its practitioner from the rest of the world in Sade, Fourier, Loyola. One work by this thinker man described a "twilight of the raw" cuisine and deems Japan a land of empty semiotics. In addition to writing Empire of Signs, this man argued that style and language are conventions are only unique when manipulated into a certain form in his first work. This man outlined five codes through which a text derives meaning, examining an (*) "axis of castration" in Balzac's story Sarassine. in one major work. The best-known work by this thinker asserts that texts are "never original," and insists that the titular figure be replaced with a "Scriptor" who is born "simultaneously with the text." FTP, name this French literary critic, author of Writing Degree Zero, S/Z, and "The Death of the Author."
Answer: Roland Barthes
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This technique can be implemented by moving particles in each direction at a series of time steps by steps uniformly distributed between plus and minus square root quantity twice diffusion coefficient times time step to model diffusion. This technique can be used to estimate integrals, providing a value of volume times sampled average of integrand in the naive form. In this technique, that mean is obtained by integrating a uniform pdf to obtain a cdf, then summing over repeated evaluations of the integrand at points corresponding to the value for the cdf at a (*) random point drawn from the unit interval. This technique can be made to converge faster by using reduction-of-variance techniques like importance sampling. For 10 points, name this class of algorithms that work by repeatedly generating random samples to use as inputs, named after a Monaco city and gambling mecca.
Answer: Monte Carlo methods [prompt on stochastic methods or random methods]
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One edict from this event reaffirmed the autonomous structure of the eparchy and urged the titular group to counter Latinization while another declaration defined the vocation of priesthood as the rejection of weakness in favor of a "life of perfection". This meeting insisted that Sacred Scripture to be divinely inspired and to "spring from the same wellspring" as tradition in Dei Verbum, an extension of encyclical Providentissimus Deus. This council declared Church support for religious (*) freedom in Dignitas Humanae and absolved Jews of their part in killing Jesus in Nostra Aetate. This council outlined the role of the Church in a modern world of science and technology in Gaudium et Spes, and it encouraged active lay participation in the liturgy by establishing the vernacular Mass. John XXIII convened, FTP, what most recent ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, convened 96 years after the first council called to the namesake Roman residence of the Pope?
Answer: Vatican II [accept Second Vatican Council; or Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican; or anything with Vatican and two in it; prompt on Vatican]
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This man kept a daily journal in the form of a series of profane lyrics, in which he described he recalled threatening to toss the subject of a failed proposal off a cliff and lamented that his father was "a sphinx." This author wrote a dialogue between Vivian and Merlin, "The Rotting Magician," and was cast as a "poet among" his circle of friends in a clingy biography by Francis Steegmuller. He described cows and children being poisoned by the titular flowers in "The Saffrons." The refrain "days go by me, here I stay" is repeated in one poem by this man, a lamentation delivered as the speaker looks out over the Seine from the titular edifice. His "Il Pleut" is fittingly shaped like a rain storm in this author's later collection of concrete poetry, which was published after works like (*) "Mirabeau Bridge" and "Song of the Poorly-Loved" were compiled into his best-known collection. This author of Caligrammes wrote the amazingly-titled erotic novel The Eleven Thousand Rods, and described the works of men like Robert Delaunay by coining the term "Orphism." Other contributions to art by this man include inspiring Poulenc with his play The Breasts of Tiresias, and suffering a panic attack during a police interogation that led him to finger Picasso for stealing the Mona Lisa.. FTP, identify this author of Alcools, a French proponent of literary surrealism.
Answer: Guillaume Apollinaire [accept Wilhelm Kostrowitzky]
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A 2003 study revealed that these structures in Leach's storm-petrel work backwards. The size of these structures can be measured by tagging followed by flow cytometry fluorescence measurements. A PCR-based method to measure their size was developed by Duncan Baird. The aforementioned techniques are respectively Flow-FISH and STELA. Quadruplexes form in the (*) guanine-rich segments of these structures. They terminate in a T-loop. New material can be added to the beginning of one in the form of TTAGGG sequences by their namesake enzyme. The number of times that these structures can effectively perform their job is the major factor determining the Hayflick limit. For 10 points, identify these structures located at the ends of chromosomes that help to prevent corruption during replication.
Answer: telomeres
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TB To apply the cohomology theory of these objects to the study of finite-dimensional central division algebras over a field, one studies the Brauer type of them. The free product is the coproduct in the category of these objects. The Burnside problem asks about finitely generated types of them. P-types of them are of interest in their structure theory, where (*) Sylow's theorem is a key result. The fundamental type of them is an important algebraic topological invariant. One can always embed one of these in a symmetric one of these, a result named for Cayley. A divisibility result for their order is named Lagrange's theorem. For 10 points, name this basic algebraic structure consisting of a set closed and containing an inverse and identity under an associative operation.
Answer: groups
 
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by ChicagoB + Ottawa
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This empire's capital, Hattusa, was frequently attacked by the Gasga tribesmen, and many of its best original sources were penned by its King Mursilis II. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Anatolian empire which venerated gods like Telepinu and Kumarbi, and was wiped out after Assyria supplanted the neighboring Mitanni state. It is known for being the first major empire to develop iron working.
Answer: the Hittites
[10] This greatest Hittite king succeeded Tudhaliya II after murdering a young prince who was likely his own brother. He overthrew the Hittite king Tushratta and nearly arranged an alliance with Egypt by brokering a marriage between his son Zannanza and Nefertiti. Zannanza was murdered en route to Egypt though, so he had to go kick their asses too.
Answer: Suppiluliumash I or the Great
[10] Suppiluliumash was the grandfather of this Hittite king, who concluded a treaty with Alaksandu of Wilusa and signed a better-known treaty after fighting Ramses II to a draw at the Battle of Kadesh.
Answer: Muwatillish II or Muwatalli II or Muwatalis II
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This principle is modified by the Heckscher-Ohlin model, and it was first formulated by Robert Torrens. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this law that argues that countries should specialize in activities that they are able to complete at a lower cost than other countries.
Answer: law of comparative advantage
[10] The law of comparative advantage was explicated in Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, a work by this English economist. He also outlined the law of diminishing returns in his Essay on Rent and formulated the iron law of wages.
Answer: David Ricardo
[10] This economist labeled comparative advantage as one of the causes of "creative destruction" that he outlined in his books Business Cycles and Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy.
Answer: Joseph Schumpeter
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One work in this series is washed in red hues, and shows a tempestuous sea raging around the central figure. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this series of paintings, whose first and last entries feature an shiny-haloed angel accompanying the central figure, who is shown in a red robe gesturing toward a wispy, sphere-topped palace in the clouds in another entry.
Answer: The Voyage of Life
[10] The Voyage of Life was the second major series created by this American artist, who painted the site of a jousting tournament in The Past and The Present, and depicted a turn of the Connecticut in The Oxbow. He's known for being the founder of the Hudson River school.
Answer: Thomas Cole
[10] Cole's other major series is this group of five works, which shows a progression of human society, as the hunter gatherers from the first panel form sedentary communities and eventually establish the Greek-style metropolis, which is brutally sacked in the penultimate entry. The final painting in this cycle depicts an overgrown pillar in the long-deserted city.
Answer: The Course of Empire
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Answer the following about stereochemistry for 10 points each.,
[10] This type of stereoisomer consists of a pair of compounds that are non-superimposable mirror images of each other.
Answer: enantiomers [prompt on optical isomers]
[10] This reaction technique can be used to preferentially select a single enantiomer as the product of a reaction through the use of chiral catalysis or reagents.
Answer: asymmetric induction
[10] This notational system assigns each stereocenter an "R" or an "S" and each double bond an "E" or "Z" depending on the orientation of its configuration.
Answer: the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority rules
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This mystical poet was born in Khorasan and wrote in Persian but lived most of his life in the Anatolian region for which he is named. FTPE:,
[10] Name this thirteenth century poet, whose work consists of numerous poetic expositions on verses and themes from the Koran in such works as the Masnavi, or Spiritual Couplets.
Answer: Rumi (Jalal ad-din Muhammad Rumi or Jalal ad-din Muhammad Balkhi)
[10] Rumi was a practitioner of this Islamic mystic tradition. He inspired the Mawlawi order of this faith, which became known for their distinctive method of practicing Dhikr, the reason they are sometimes refered to as "whirling dervishes."
Answer: Sufism or Sufi
[10] This collection by Rumi, sometimes named in honor of his mentor Shams of Tabriz, is a collection of lyric poems written in Dari. It is distinctly more secular than the Masnavi, and includes numerous pieces on daily life in Anatolia.
Answer: Diwan-e-Kabir or The Great Divan or Diwan-e-Sams-e-Tabriz
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They came, they ran, they lost. FTPE, answer some questions about third party candidates for president.,
[10] This Maryland native served as attorney general from 1817 through 1829 before becoming the first third-party candidate to carry a state in 1832, when he ran the Anti-Masonic party ticket.
Answer: William Wirt
[10] A Congressman from Illinois throughout the 1960s and 1970s, this Rockefeller Republican said in a debate that he regretted voting for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. He then ran as an Independent, but despite the support of several prominent liberals and independents, he mustered just 6 million votes in the November election.
Answer: John Anderson
[10] A two-time failure as a third-party candidate, this man had his first run torpedoed by the entry of Theodore Roosevelt's Bull Moose Party into the 1912 election. In 1924, he synthesized the forces of various labor groups into the Progressive Party, and won 17 percent of the popular vote, falling to Calvin Coolidge.
Answer: Robert La Follette Sr.
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Answer the following related to a theorem of social choice theory, Arrow's paradox, FTPE:,
[10] Arrow's paradox ceases to be a paradox in the case of infinitely many voters due to the existence of nonprincipal types of these mathematical structures. They can be defined as finitely-additive 0-1 measures on a set.
Answer: ultrafilter
[10] One generally proves the existence of nonprincipal ultrafilters using this equivalent statement of the axiom of choice, which states that in a partially ordered set if every chain has an upper bound there exists a maximal element.
Answer: Zorn's lemma
[10] Ultrafilters allow one to give a proper notion of this concept for any bounded sequence. The standard epsilon-N definition of this concept in analysis for a sequence says it exists if for some prescribed point, while a series is said to be convergent if there exists a finite one of these, which is absent or infinite for a divergent series.
Answer: limit
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It declares that neither "slumber nor sleep overtake" God since he is the Ever Living One in the Throne Verse. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this section of a religious work that takes its name from its
Answer: Cow Sura or [Sura al-Baqara]
[10] The Cow Sura urges the non-believers and the Jews of this city to convert to Islam. Muhammad fled to this city from Mecca during the hijra.
Answer: Medina [accept Yathrib; or al-Madinah al-Munawwarah]
[10] Muhammad successfully defended Medina against a caravan of Quraysh from Mecca led by Abu Sufyan and Abu Jahl during this 624 battle. It was the first major victory for the Muslims.
Answer: battle of Badr
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He composed such diverse works as the graphic score Corona for Pianists and a concerto for shakuhachi and biwa, November Steps. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 20th century Japanese composer of a Requiem for strings and A Flock Descends into the Pentagonal Garden, who also worked on the scores of such films as Sepukku and Ran.
Answer: Toru Takemitsu
[10] Takemitsu's aleatoric music was influenced by this composer, known for his Imaginary Landscapes and 4'33".
Answer: John Cage
[10] One of Cage's first works aimed at sounding like nothing at all in particular was Music of Changes, an I-Ching inspired composition for one of these instruments, played by Cage's friend David Tudor. A bunch of famous composers wrote special scores for this instrument after Paul Wittgenstein got his right hand blown off in World War I.
Answer: Piano
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This play opens with a prologue written by the elder George Colman, spoken by a character who is discovered hiding behind a screen before provoking the exit of Lady Sneerwell. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this comedy of manners whose characters include Lady Teazle, Benjamin Backbite, and Sir Oliver, who masquerades as Mr. Premium. It ends with a reconciliation between Charles Surface and Maria.
Answer: The School for Scandal
[10] This British playwright moonlighted as a politician when not authoring works like The School for Scandal and A Trip to Scarborough. He's also known for creating character like Jack Absolute and Mrs. Malaprop in The Rivals.
Answer: Richard Brinsley Sheridan
[10] Sheridan's ire at contemporary theater criticism led him to pen The Critic, a re-working of this play written a century earlier which lambasted melodramatic Restoration Tragedy in general, and John Dryden in particular. This satire, centering on Bayes's attempt to facilitate the title event, is credited primarily to George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham.
Answer: The Rehearsal
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In his Systematic Theology, this man advocated a method for answering existentialist theology using Christian revelation, which he called the Method of Correlation. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this German existentialist and author of The Courage to Be, who criticized the belief in God as the creator for robbing individuals of their innate personhood. He also wrote Dynamics of Faith.
Answer: Paul Tillich
[10] Tillich was a close collaborator of psychologist Rollo May, who posited that appreciation for the brevity of life was integral to human fulfillment in a work titled for "Love and" this concept." Nietzsche described this concept "to power" as the driving force of human development, while Schopenhaure discussed "the world" as this concept "and representation."
Answer: The Will
[10] Tillich's work owes a great deal to this 19th century German theologian who attempted to reconcile Christian belief with the ideals of the Enlightenment. He claimed that Kant's formulation of the thing-in-itself was flawed and unavailable to individuals in works like The Christian Faith and On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers.
Answer: Friedrich Schleiermacher
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This dynasty was marred by the heavy loss of life as a result of the An Lushan Rebellion, and was established in the wake of Yuwen Huaji's murder of Emperor Yang, the last ruler of Sui. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Chinese dynasty founded by the Li family under Gaozu, which was interrupted by the regency of Empress Wu Zetian and ruled from 618 to 907 CE. It was known as a high point of art and culture in Chinese History.
Answer: Tang
[10] Empress Wu got her start by having sex with this guy, the son of Gaozu and second Emperor of Tang. He secured Tang rule for the next two centuries by sending Li Shiji and Li Jing to defeat the Gokturk Tujue Khanate and modernized almost every aspect of China's political apparatus, and is generally regarded as a model for prototypical Imperial rule.
Answer: Taizong of Tang or Li Shimin or Tai-tsung of Tang
[10] The collapse of the Tang into a splintered mess of independent states was triggered by a namesake rebellion led by this prolific salt smuggler, who was himself done in by his enthusiasm for cannibalism and betrayal by Taizu of Later Liang.
Answer: Huang Chao
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This set of genes is responsible for axial differentiation during early embryonic development and thus plays a major role in the development of limbs and antennae. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of genes that control an organism's bauplan.
Answer: homeobox genes
[10] Hox genes are regulated by pair-rule and gap genes, both of which are controlled by this molecule. It is tricked out with a poly-A tail before being is sent out into cytoplasm from the nucleus.
Answer: messenger RNA
[10] Hox genes provided a genetic basis for the idea of these types of structures based on similar usage and the presence of a common ancestor. Examples of these include the human hand, bird wing and whale flipper.
Answer: homologous structures [or homologs]
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This author ctionalized Richard Wagner in The Young Cosima, and wrote about Laura Rambotham's foray into immorality at boarding school in The Getting of Wisdom. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this woman who adopted a male pen name to publish her most famous work, a trilogy containing The Way Home and Ultima Thule about an Irish immigrant trying to strike gold, The Fortunes of Richard Mahony.
Answer: Henry Handel Richardson [accept Ethel Florence Lindesay Robertson]
[10] Mary Brenham lead a group of inmates to stage Farquhar's The Recruiting Officer in this man's The Playmaker. This author is better known for Three Cheers for a Paraclete and Schindler's Ark.
Answer: Thomas Keneally
[10] Henry Handel Richardson and Thomas Keneally hail from this country, whose other authors include Peter Carey and Douglas Stewart. Keneally's The Chant of Jimmy Blacksmith revolves around an outburst of violence from the aborigines of this island country.
Answer: Australia
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Answer these questions about the abolition of the slave trade in Britain, FTPE:,
[10] This close friend of William Pitt the Younger and prominent abolitionist managed to eliminate most of Britain's slave trade in a single bill that passed under the impression that it was just a law to restrict cargo on ships bearing foreign flags.
Answer: William Wilberforce
[10] This early opponent of slavery and member of the Clapham Sect established the St. George's Bay Company for freed slaves, and, with John Clarkson and Henry Thornton, was a founder of Freetown, Sierra Leone. This amateur grammarian also became heavily involved in the Sommerset case in 1772.
Answer: Granville Sharp [accept either name]
[10] Even though Wilberforce and others were able to secure the official ban of the slave trade in Britain, this organization was essentially given a free pass in regards to its own slaves, mainly because they were essential to its overseas mercantile ventures. After Robert Clive won the Battle of Plassey, this company essentially took over its namesake country.
Answer: British East India Trading Company
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Answer these questions about rain deities in various world myth systems, FTPE:,
[10] The Hindu rain deity, Parjanya, is a very early figure referenced almost solely in these four classical Sanskrit texts, which consist of the Yajur, Sama, Atharva, and Rig.
Answer: The Vedas
[10] This dragon king can control the rain in Japanese myth. He lives in an underwater palace, and he has special jewels to raise and lower the tides.
Answer: Ryujin [accept Ryojin or Owatatsumi]
[10] This Egyptian goddess of moisture was the sister and wife of Shu, with whom she mothered Geb and Nut. She is usually depicted with the head of a lion.
Answer: Tefnut
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This country saw the creation of its People's Party arise from protests against the switch from driving on the right to the left side of the road, while its government profitably partnered with Virgin to create a new national airline in 2005. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this island whose two main administrative regions, Savai'i and Upolu, are separated by the Apolima Strait.
Answer: Samoa [accept Western Somoa; do not accept "American Samoa"]
[10] Samoa and nearby American Samoa were struck by an earthquake and tsunami in the summer of 2009. This harbour and capital of American Samoa was the hardest hit.
Answer: Pago Pago [sounds like "Pahngo Pahngo"]
[10] Margaret Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa centers on the indigenous population of this second-largest island of American Samoa, which comprises the Manu'a group along with Olosega and Ofu.
Answer: Ta'u
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dentify these American poets, FTPE:,
[10] This poet wrote such bathetic scribbles as "Abraham Lincoln Walks at Midnight," and his Johnny Appleseed cycle as well as the surprisingly decent "Kalamazoo" but is best known for bardic chants like "Congo: Sudy of the Negro Race," the less ofensive "Why I Voted the Socialist Ticket," and "Ceneral William Booth Enters into Heaven."
Answer: Vachel Lindsay
[10] This poet of Love and Fame and Delusions Etc is better known for his superb Homage to Mistress Bradstreet and the somewhat patchier Dream Songs and Henry's Fate.
Answer: John Allyn Smith Berryman
[10] This poet of "Doom of Exiles" the Beekeeping Poems, Leviathan, "The Edge," and Ariel, who was married to the far more talented Ted Hughes, also committed suicide. She wrote The Bell Jar.
Answer: Sylvia Plath
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This artist's brother Diego was a sculptor noted for his lost-wax animal casts, who shared this man's affinity for bronzework. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Swiss surrealist whose Cat and numerous variations on Man Walking consist of extremely elongated bronze scupltures.
Answer: Alberto Giacometti
[10] A thin figure stands on a bench on top of an axle with two large spoked wheels in a 1950 Gicaometti sculpture titled for one of these objects, which is shown along with his mother Annette in a rare Giacometti painting. A quadriga, like the one found on top of Berlin's Brandenberg Gate, is usually composed of one of these vehicles drawn by four horses.
Answer: A Chariot
[10] Giacometti depicted one of these entities in African-inspired black stone piece with a pedestal and short handle, allegedly meant to depict one of these and a spoon. Another Giacometti work, a twisted mass of cast bronze with a puddle-shaped flattened piece protruding at back, claims to involve one of these entities and a cut throat.
Answer: A Woman (accept synonyms, but don't accept/prompt on anything else)
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A theory due to von Neumann states that no theory of this kind is capable of reproducing all statistical results. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this class of interpretations of quantum mechanics that are usual preserve realism, locality or causality.
Answer: hidden variables theories [or hidden variables interpretations]
[10] Perhaps the most successful hidden variables theory is this one, according to which particles are purely particle-like but have guiding waves that give them wave-like properties. This non-local theory continues some ideas of de Broglie. It produces the same results as the Copenhagen interpretation by design.
Answer: Bohmian theory [or Bohmian interpretation or Bhomian mechanics; prompt on guiding wave theory or guiding wave interpretation]
[10] This result dictates that no real, causal local hidden variables theory is valid, since those properties imply that the modulus of the correlation of quantum events a and b minus the correlation of events a and c, close modulus, minus correlation of b and c is less than or equal to 1, which is not experimentally true.
Answer: Bell's theorem
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His sudden death on his wedding night, allegedly from drowning in his own blood after smashing his nose into a wall while drunk, halted his empire's conquests. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this man, who fought the Battle of Chalons and was convinced not to sack Rome by Pope Leo I, famous for numerous conquests as leader of the Huns.
Answer: Attila the Hun
[10] This brother of Attila shared the rule of the Huns until he was allegedly killed by Attila following a peace treaty with Byzantium. Despite the fact that it sounds incredibly made up, a crazy Moorish dwarf named Zerco really does seem to have been owned by this man, who made Zerco shamble about for his amusement.
Answer: Bleda
[10] The Gepids, who sided with Attila in the Battle of Chalons, turned against the Huns in this battle between King Ardaric and Ellac, the son of Attila. Ardaric's victory eliminated any further Hun threats.
Answer: Battle of Nedao
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These entities are classified by the classes of formal languages they recognize. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these abstract machines, the linear bounded class of which corresponds to a context-sensitive language.
Answer: automata [accept automaton]
[10] This least general automaton corresponds to a regular language. Varieties include the Moore and Mealy machines. They can be represented by directed graphs.
Answer: finite-state automata [or finite-state machine]
[10] This most common automaton hierarchy orders automata in types from 0 to 3 by order of decreasing generality. Finite-state automata are its type 3 while pushdown automata are its type 2.
Answer: the Chomsky hierarchy

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