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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by Chicago A
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This character discusses how "sometime we see a cloud that's dragonish" and declaring "these are black vesper's pageants." He claims "the shirt of Nessus is upon me" and he tells all "Let's mock the midnight bell" shortly before his follower remarks "Now he'll outstare the lightning." In his first appearance, this character claims "our dungy earth alike feeds beast as man" and that "kingdoms are clay." Eros kills himself rather than kill this character, and when this man's follower (*) deserts him, he sends the deserter all his belongings, causing that deserter to die of a broken heart. Besides being served by Enobarbus, this character proves himself a witty drunk on Pompey's galley with Lepidus and his primary rival. He tells his lover "I am dying, Egypt, dying" after losing to Octavius. For 10 points, name this Shakespearean protagonist, the lover of Cleopatra.
Answer: Mark Antony
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A strong version of this property is required for the method of Picard iteration and the Banach fixed point theorem. Homeomorphisms are bijections with this property whose inverses also have this property. Maps with this property preserve connectedness and compactness. One definition states that a map has this property if the pre-image of an open set is an open set; whereas the aforementioned strong definition of this property states that a function has it if the distance between the images of two points over the distance between the two points themselves is less than a constant. That second definition of this concept is named for (*) Lipschitz. The Weierstrauss function is nowhere differential but has this property everywhere. For 10 points, name this property that for real-valued functions means that value of the function at a point must be arbitrarily close to that at neighboring points, a term which also describes a function whose graph can be drawn without picking up a pencil?
Answer: continuity [accept continuous]
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A key figure in this conflict was George Scovell, who led the Army Guides in breaking the other side's codes, and it saw a battle where forces under Schramm switched sides and joined with Reding. Dupont's surrender agreement was ignored and prisoners were sent to Isla de Cabrera after that battle, fought at Bailen. Jean Reyner's successful hit-and-run tactics during this conflict were wasted by men like Jean-Andoch Junot and Andre Massena, whose defeat while trying to break the second siege of a pivotal city in this conflict prompted Antoine Brenier to detonate its fortifications. Major Costa and Colonel Fletcher helped design the central (*) fortification system of this conflict, the Lines of Torres Vedras. The Battle of Salamanca swung the tide of this conflict, whose decisive blow was delivered at Vitoria to a man who had usurped Ferdinand VII and styled himself as "Joseph I" of the local kingdom. FTP, identify this 1808-1814 war that deposed Joseph Bonaparte and showcased the military genius of the Duke of Wellington, named for the type of landmass on which it occurred, Iberia.
Answer: Peninsular War (also accept Spanish War or War of Spanish Independence or any of those things in French)
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John Harsyani has argued that Bayesian decision theory and utilitarian welfare functions disprove this notion, while Samuelson extended this concept to von Neumann-Morgenstern utility functions. Some alternative ways of proving this result have been offered by Barbera and Geanakoplos, who have simplified the proofs by changing "decisive voter" to the weaker "pivotal voter." This idea was proposed in a book that lays out its "Individualistic Assumptions" and "The Compensation Principle," a work that grew from the (*) PhD thesis of its namesake, who shared the Nobel with Hicks. Proposed in Social Choice and Individual Values, FTP, identify this theorem which shows that that no social preference order could satisfy a set of conditions like unanimity and non-dictatorship, a so-called "impossibility theorem" named for an American social choice theorist.
Answer: Arrow's Impossibility Theorem [accept either answer before "impossibility"]
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A toccata recapitulates the theme of the rondo in the Precipitato movement of one of this man's works, which features a slow movement in Andante Caloroso. Another work features use of the Locrian mode in the Vivo fifth movement and opens with an allegro con brio. Besides his seventh piano sonata in B flat major, counted amongst his "War Sonatas", and his fifth piano concerto in G major, a gavotte replaces a minuet in this man's first symphony, intended to imitate Haydn's style. This composer of (*) The Fiery Angel drew from his Ala I Lolli for his Scythian Suite, and composed for his best-known suite a second movement, "Romance," in which the title officer gets married. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of the Classical symphony and the Lieutenant Kije suite, also known for Love for Three Oranges and Peter and the Wolf.
Answer: Sergei Prokofiev
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In one poem by this author, enthusiastic sounds are described as "huh? Wuh? Huh? Whuh?" and that the world is laughing at the author's alma mater, while a short story by this author sees Sarah Ruth mar a tattoo of Jesus with a broom on the titular body part of her husband. Besides "Effervescence" and "Parker's Back," this author wrote a novel in which Enoch Emery is obsessed with a shrunken body in a museum and is said to posses the title substance. That novel also features preacher (*) Asa Hawks pretending to be blind and sees the Church Without Christ founded by Hazel Motes. Other stories by this author include one in which Hulga's artificial leg is stolen by a pornographic post card enthusiast, and one in which the Misfit murders Bailey's Grandmother. FTP, identify this author of Wise Blood, "Good Country People," and "A Good Man is Hard to Find," female writer from Georgia.
Answer: Flannery O'Connor
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This building's presbytery contains eight red brocatel marble columns constituting an iconostasis which are crowned with sculptures of the twelve apostles by Pierpaolo and Jacopo dalle Masegne, The Madonna Nicopeia and St. Clement's chapel are contained in the left and right transepts, respectively. Also containing the Pala d'Oro, Baldassare Longhena served as the proto directing development of this building's associated Procuratie. Under the facade's central window there is a winged (*) lion holding a book, and the facade also features bronze replicas of the four horses now inside this building's museum. Sometimes known as the Church of Gold for its proliferation of gilded Byzantine mosaics, it features mosaics by men such as Tintoretto and Titian, both associated with the city in which this building is located. The most prominent architectural feature of its city along with the elaborate Doge's Palace, FTP, name this Byzantine cathedral named for the patron saint of Venice and second traditional Gospel author.
Answer: Basilica di San Marco or Saint Mark's Basilica
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According to ligand-field theory, in a strictly octahedral environment, this object it is described by a one g symmetry. A slight perturbation of reaction rates is can be observed due to the fact that self-interaction causes the energy of one of these to be higher by a quantity proportional to the fifth power of the fine structure constant times the electron rest energy than the energy predicted by Dirac theory. Relativistic contraction of this structure in gives rise to the inert pair effect. The (*) wavefunction associated with this orbital displays a central anti-node and exhibits perfect spherical symmetry. FTP, name this type of orbital characterized by vanishing magnetic and azimuthal quantum numbers, orbitals filled by the first electron with a given principle quantum number before the p orbital.
Answer: s orbital [prompt on orbital]
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This man divided three "worlds" divided into subjective thought, objective thought, and physical matter in a work structured in a Hegelian thesis-antithesis-synthesis, an "argument for interactionism"in the form of a dialogue with neurologist John Eccles, The Self and the Brain. This man described his project as "inverting Heisenberg's metaphysical program" in a work that includes appendices like "Imaginary Thought Experiments" and "On Objective Disorder." A better known book by this thinker is often published alongside the paper "Indeterminism in Classical and Quantum Physics," and attacks the "confusion of trends with (*) laws" and the allure of the "dream of prophecy." Yet another book by this man attacks "The Spell of" one thinker and bemoans the "High Tide of Prophecy." This author of The Poverty of Historicism presents an alternative to verification in his Logic of Scientific Discovery, while his best-known work presents a critique of the state espoused by Plato in The Republic. FTP, name this proponent of falsifiability, the author of The Open Society And Its Enemies.
Answer: Karl Popper
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One military commander from this dynasty defeated the Gokturk Bagha Kaghan, and bore the outstanding nickname "javelin-like," or "Chobin." Another of its rulers drove out the Kidarites and manifested his suspicion of Christianity in his victory at Vartanantz. One period of prosperity began after the victory of Azarethes at Callinicum and was conducted mostly under a man whose reign saw the rise of dihqans and the dehkans. This empire's greatest victory may have come under the general Merena, whose clibanarii cavalry were ordered to attack by (*) Shapur II and delivered a spear to the back of Roman Emperor who would be succeeded by Jovian. One prominent ruler from this empire was imprisoned because of his support for a communistic sect pioneered by Mazdak. Kavadh I ruled this dynasty, which succeeded the Arsacids after its establishment by Ardashir I. Also seeing alternate persecutions of Christians and Zoroastrians under Yazdegerd I, FTP, name this Persian dynasty that supplanted the Parthians, which ruled from the Capital of Ctesiphon from 224 to 651.
Answer: Sassanid Empire
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Heptamegaly usually results from Cori's disease and Andersen's disease, both of which occur due to dysfunctional enzymes involved in the synthesis of this compound. One enzyme involved with the breakdown of this compound uses pyridoxal phosphate at catalytic sites and only acts on the alpha 1-4 bonds; a branching enzyme is required to eliminate alpha (*) 1-6 linkages and create a linear polymer. During its synthesis, the action of uridyl transferase forms a pyrophosphate intermediate in addition to UDP-glucose. In hepatocytes, a high level of insulin prevents the breakdown of this compound, a degradation promoted by glucagon. For 10 points, name this animal analogue of starch.
Answer: Glycogen
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This author's concept of "Impossible Theater" is exemplified by his unfinished play The Audience, an open exploration of homosexual love written around the same time as a poem in which he pointed out the addressee's "thighs pure as Apollo's" and "beard full of butterflies" before stating "the faggots? point you out." In addition to his "Ode to Walt Whitman," this man wrote a play which sees the deaths of the finches of Evaristo the Birdman and the suicide of (*) Adela, who hangs herself after breaking the cane of her tyrannical mother. In another of his plays, the Moon and Death conspire to bring about a fatal duel between Leonardo Felix and El Novio. Collecting those works into his "Rural Trilogy" along with Yerma, FTP, name this member of the Generation of '27, who set his The House of Bernarda Alba and Blood Wedding in his native Spain.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
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One of the gorier works by this man is Severed Heads, which he painted two years after his Nude Warrior with a Spear. This man's military scenes include The Wounded Cuirassier and Artillery Train Passing a Ravine, and he inverted the perspective and muddied the colors of a famous George Stubbs painting, his version of Horse Attack by a Lion. This artist of the Taming of the Bulls painted a race at Epsom involving a frequent subject, which this man showed being (*) frightened by a bolt of lightning in another painting. Yet another horse is shown rearing up as a cavalryman arcs a short saber in this artit's Charging Chasseur, while he examined "Envy" and "Kleptomania" in a series commissioned by Dr. Georget, which centers on the residents of an insane asylum. Known for undertaking a detailed study of real corpses in preparation for his most famous work, which shows a dim chance of rescue in the background as naked bodies lay strewn across the deck of the title object. FTP, identify this French artist of The Raft of the Medusa.
Answer: Theodore Gericault
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A parody version of this song was performed live by Dan Gurewitch of CollegeHumor, and a version of that parody performed with puppets was uploaded to the company's website and features lyrics like "Surely it won't hurt if you go for the shirt now that you've" performed the titular action. The music video for one cover of this song intersperses clips of the original version of the song with clips of the singer at an underwater-themed school dance, and that version was performed by Ashley Tisdale. In the original version of this song, it is interrupted by a speaker who says, "You know, I feel really bad not knowing your (*) name," and at the end of the song the titular action is abruptly prevented by the ambush of the titular character and her love interest. This song was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song simultaneously with another song from the same film in which it appears, and that other song won the award. Featured along with "Under the Sea" in The Little Mermaid, FTP, identify this song which encourages Prince Eric to perform the titular Katy Perry-approved action on Ariel.
Answer: "Kiss the Girl"
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One variety of these instruments uses a peristaltic-like contraction; that type includes an implant that generates a large electric field between successive gates. Time-delay integration, a variant of the drift scanning technique, can be used to correct for flat fielding in these devices. They can be thinned to allow for backside illumination, which greatly increases their (*) blue band quantum efficiency. These instruments consist of an epitaxial layer of silicon and can thus use the photoelectric effect to generate holes or electrons, which are then transferred along an array of capacitors; the resulting voltage can then be read off to measure the received light intensity. Widely used in astronomy, for 10 points, name these devices whose invention by George Smith and Willard Boyle netted them half of the 2009 physics Nobel.
Answer: charge-coupled devices
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Citing the smell and the spit on sacred vestments, one Pope with this name issued a highly unpopular bull that threatened the excommunication of tobacco users. This Papal name was taken by one man mid-trip as he returned from Naples without ever attending Conclave, and who would go on to defeat Gil de Albornoz and Bernabo Visconti, ending the direct Ghibelline threat to Northern Italy. The 6th man to assume this name was a flunky of Joan I of Naples, and thus his 1378 election angered both Romans and newly-assimilated French partisans, kicking the (*) Western Schism into gear. The most famous man to take this Papal name called the Council of Piacenza, where he feuded with Henry IV and began to formulate a plan he later expounded on at the Council of Clermont. That plan excited figures like Peter the Hermit and Raymond of Toulouse, who rallied their forces with the cry of "God wills it!" FTP, identify this Papal name, whose second and most famous holder called the First Crusade, derived from the Latin for "of the city."
Answer: Urban (accept Urban VIII, Urban V, Urban VI, or Urban II, respectively)
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Some items this figure is said to have possessed include the swords Ridill and Hrotti and one of this figure's siblings was the smith as the court of Hjalprek. Another one of this figure's sibling's, Otr, appropriately often took the form of an otter, in which form he was killed by Loki. This figure sought treasure that once belonged to a dwarf who could turn into a fish, as well as a sum of gold that could cover Otter's flayed skin. One man gained the ability to (*) talk to birds after eating part of this figure's heart, and that man was the foster-son of this figure's brother. This son of Hreidmar, committed patricide along with his brother Regin and he once possessed the cursed ring, Andvarinaut. This figure was killed by a stab from the sword Gram, when the wielder of that weapon hid in a trench. For ten points, name this man who was turned into a dragon and was slain by Sigurd.
Answer: Fafnir
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Leonid Grossman's essay on this novel's protagonist "and his Stylistics" focuses on a suppressed chapter in which the protagonist writes a confession to a monk. Joyce Carol Oates's essay on "Tragic Rites in" this novel also discusses that censored chapter, which is sometimes titled "At Tikhon's." That chapter describes the main character's rape or seduction of his landlady's twelve-year old daughter Matryosha and her subsequent suicide, events that are partially mirrored in Coetzee's The Master of (*) Petersburg. This work's protagonist marries a mentally stunted woman after his repeated assaults on the facial appendages of various local nobles gets him exiled for insanity for the second time. Albert Camus adapted this work to the stage after expressing a fascination for it in The Myth of Sisyphus, which discusses the "logical suicide" of a character who leaves a note falsely claiming responsibility for Shatov's murder, a crime actually perpetrated by Pyotr Verkhovensky. FTP name this Dostoevsky novel in which the aspiring revolutionaries Kirilov and Stavrogin both commit suicide, embodying the titular Hellish creatures.
Answer: The Demons or Devils or Possessed or Besy
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When this man lived in Gerar, his neighbors became worried of his power and exiled him, self-injuriously filling in the wells this man had dug, but those people later signed a treaty inviting this man back to the land. At some point after making that agreement with Abimelech, this man lost his sight, which one tradition says was because the tears of angels fell on his eyes during a traumatic event earlier in this man's life, the akedah. This loss of sight lead to him being tricked by his wife into performing an action that resulted in his younger son's exile to a farm run by this man's brother-in-law, (*) Laban. He received his name, which means "laughter," due to the reaction of his mother when she was told she would bear a child, though she was past childbearing age, and that woman's death is attributed by scholars to receipt of the news of what had happened with her husband and this man atop Mount Moriah. FTP, name this man, the story of whose binding is told in the book of Genesis, the son of Abraham.
Answer: Isaac
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Kineiving asshattery on the part of the losing side in the month's before this battle included a series of failed cabals that led one man to demand the issuance of his General Order No. 8, and a jealous reaction to the appointment of Daniel Sickles, which led the biggest screwup at this battle to demand he replace Franz Sigel as commander of the unusually German XI Corps. Kelly's Ford and Ely's Ford were captured prior to this battle by a group discovered by Richard Anderson's scouting expedition, triggering tbe fortification of Zoan Church. The losing side of this battle ultimately blamed (*) Oliver Howard for getting those XI corps ambushed and slaughtered, though the commanding officer invoked the third person in supposedly claiming it was "the only time he lost faith in" himself. The most important casualty in this battle was blamed on low light and a North Carolina sentry. The Union under the newly appointed Joseph Hooker were ultimately defeated by the much smaller force under Robert E. Lee in, for 10 points, this battle where Stonewall Jackson was killed by friendly fire, a costly Confederate victory near its namesake village in Spotsylvania, Virginia.
Answer: Battle of Chancellorsville
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TB Luchino Visconti did a 1958 staging of this work at Covent Garden with Jon Vickers. Two characters join a procession of chanting monks before they finish pledging brotherhood in "`Dio, che nell'alma infondere." The title character sings of the forest of Fontainebleu in "Io la vidi" while the story of Achmet, who woos his own wife is told in "Nel giardin del bello" or the Veil Song. " The king claims he will only rest when he is in his tomb in "`Ella giammai m'amo!" shortly before engaging in a dialogue with The Grand Inquisitor. This work sees Eboli mistaken for the protagonist's beloved, and this work ends at Saint-Just, when the protagonist is (*) dragged into a tomb by a man wearing the clothes of Charles V. Focusing on the title character's love for Elizabeth, who is the wife of his father Philip II, for 10 points, name this Verdi opera based on a Schiller play.
Answer: Don Carlos or Don Carlo
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TB This battle took place shortly after the replacement of General Lanrezac with Franchet d'EsperyOne important event in one of these battles was an attack led by General Maunoury on the troops of Karl von Bulow, an order given by General Joffre. This battle took place a couple of weeks after the British were defeated at the Battle of the Mons and September 9th saw von (*) Moltke order troops to retreat to the River Aisne during this battle. Prior to this battle the French government retreated to Bordeaux and the retreat of General von Kluck's troops allowed for British and French troops to cross this battle's namesake river. For ten points, name this battle a 1914 engagement in which Gallieni used taxi cabs to help rebuff a German invasion of Paris.
Answer: Battle of the Marne
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TB In one poem, this man claimed it is "Better by worms be all once spent/than to have hellish moths gnaw and fret your name." In another poem, the narrator claims "So I did sit and eat" in response to the title figure's command, and that poem opens "Love bade me welcome." One poem claims "beautie flow'd, then wisdome, honour, pleasure" but that "God made a stay" and let man "keep them with repining restlessnesse.' This author of "Content" and "The Pulley" claims "I gladly trust my body to this school, that it may learn to spell his elements" in one poem. That poems tells "dear (*) flesh" that "flesh is but the glass which holds the dust that measures all our time" and ends remarking "mark here how tame these ashes are... that thou mayst fit thyself against thy fall." For 10 points, name this author of "Church Monuments", a poem collected in his The Temple.
Answer: George Herbert
 
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by Chicago A
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Identify the following about fruit in art, for 10 points each.,
[10] This French post-impressionist's Apples and Pears is one of many still-life depictions of fruit. Other major works include Large Bathers, Card Players and lots of paintings of Mont St. Victoire.
Answer: Paul Cezanne
[10] One of Rene Magritte's signature works is this picture of a standing, suited man with a red tie with his face obscured by an apple in front of a cloudy sky.
Answer: The Son of Man (or Le Fils de Homme)
[10] A headless, armless statue sits next to a bunch of curved yellow fruit in this painting by De Chirico. A train can be seen moving right to left in the distant background.
Answer: The Uncertainty of the Poet (or L'incertidue du poete)
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These types of plants undergo carbon fixation at night and close their stomata during the day. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these plants including pineapples and agaves whose namesake process helps them to conserve water in arid environments.
Answer: crassulacean acid metabolism plants
[10] CAM plants use this enzyme which, when added to carbon dioxide, produces oxaloacetate.
Answer: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase
[10] The oxaloacetate produced by PEP carboxylase in CAM plants is reduced to this compound, which can be broken down to form pyruvate as a daytime energy source for CAM plants.
Answer: malate [or malic acid]
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This writer studied the Pawnee extensively under the direction of Franz Boas, culminating in The Lost Universe, which this thinker published before being fired by Columbia for suspicion of Communist sympathies. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this anthropologist, that despite going by a male name, was actually a lady.
Answer: Gene Weltfish
[10] Gene Weltfish is best-known for co-writing The Races of Mankind with this other writer. This woman much better known for Chrysanthemum and the Sword.
Answer: Ruth Benedict
[10] Ruth Benedict's most influential work may be this one, where she describes the title thing as "personality write large" while comparing the Dobu, Zuni and Kwakiutl.
Answer: Patterns of Culture
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The character making the titular speech describes the first thing he learned was to give a handshake, shortly after encountering Hagenbeck's hunters and learning more from sailors. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this story where the former Red Peter describes his schnapps drinking and ultimate education.
Answer: "A Report to An Academy"
[10] "A Report to An Academy" is a work by this author of "The Hunter Gracchus" and "In the Penal Colony." His story The Stoker was expanded into a novel about Karl Rossmann surreal journey to the titular country, Amerika.
Answer: Franz Kafka
[10] A Kafka story reminiscent of "A Report to An Academy" deals with the "investigations of" one of these animals, who bemoans his self-examination and pointless search for where food comes from. Another of these animals, Buck, is the principal protagonist of Jack London's The Call of the Wild..
Answer: A Dog
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John C. Calhoun wrote the South Carolina Exposition and Protest to oppose this bill, which John Q. Adams signed near the end of his term. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this tariff that led to the Nullification Crisis during Andrew Jackson's administration, so-named because it really did just piss an awful lot of people of.
Answer: Tariff of Abominations or Tariff of 1828
[10] Despite modifying the Tariff of 1828 with a new Tariff in 1832, Southerners still wanted to nullify the law, prompting Jackson to secure the passage of this 1833 Act. Henry Clay essentially forced everyone into an unpleasant tariff compromise, as this act would have authorized Jackson to use the army to enforce economic provisions.
Answer: Force Act
[10] John Tyler signed this highly protectionist tariff into law due to economic problems caused by the Panic of 1837. George Evans of Maine gave speeches about how this tariff was "Vindicated."
Answer: Black Tariff or Tariff of 1842
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These solutions to the Einstein field equation are symmetric, covariant, rank-two tensors on the differentiable spacetime four-manifold. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these objects, one of which consisting of only the diagonal elements plus-or-minus 1, minus-or-plus 1, minus-or-plus 1, and minus-or-plus 1 corresponds to flat spacetime.
Answer: metric tensors
[10] This exact metric corresponds to isotropically expanding, homogeneous, simply connected space. It may be defined by equating the square differential of proper time with the square differential of time minus a function of time usually denoted a over the speed of light squared times square differential area.
Answer: the Friedman-Robertson-Walker metric
[10] The aforementioned function a of time in the Robertson-Walker metric is known as this. It gives the ratio of two co-moving distances, the numerator at a given time and the denominator at the present.
Answer: the scale factor
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Just because you're a god doesn't mean you can't be killed. Answer some questions about dead gods, FTPE:,
[10] This Egyptian god was killed by his nemesis Seth. Despite this he still managed to impregnate Isis, who would give birth to this god's son, Horus.
Answer: Osiris
[10] This god, the son of Dagan, bested the sea god Yam in one notable battle. Later this storm god, worshiped by the Canaanites, was killed when he challenged the god of death, Mat.
Answer: Ba'al
[10] Some myths claim that this goddess' consort, Attis, was killed by a boar,while others claim Attis castrated himself. This goddess was worshiped as a mother goddess by the Phrygians.
Answer: Cybele
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This work claims that within man is "the wise silence", the "universal beauty." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this essay that states "Let man, then, learn the revelation of all nature and all thought to his heart; this, namely; that the Highest dwells with him. "
Answer: "The Over-Soul"
[10] "The Over-Soul" is an essay by this American transcendentalist, who also gave the speech "The American Scholar."
Answer: Ralph Waldo Emerson
[10] Emerson also wrote this essay, which begins stating "Our age is retrospective." It refers to the title entity as the "great apparition", in which the author claims "I am a transparent eyeball."
Answer: "Nature"
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Both halves of this work begin with lines about "remaining," the left asking what remains of its subject, while the right has a quote about "what remained of Rembrandt crammed down the shithole." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this text composed of two columns, one discussing Hegel, the other Jean Genet.
Answer: Glas
[10] Identify the author of Glas, as well as works like Spectres of Marx, The Post Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond, a French-Algerian founder of deconstruction.
Answer: Jacques Derrida
[10] This book includes sections like "Writing Before the Letter" and "The Age of Rousseau." Since it has the best formulation of notions like "differance" and other deconstructionist lingo, it's Derrida's magnum opus.
Answer: Of Grammatology (or De La Grammatologie)
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This spoof of the mystery movie genre was written by Neil Simon and features an all-star cast portraying such detective parodies as Sam Diamond, Miss Marbles, and Dick and Dora Charleston. FTPE:,
[10] Name this movie, which co-stars Truman Capote in a rare, Golden Globe nominated appearance as Mr. Lionel Twain, who lives at the address 22 Twain.
Answer: Murder By Death
[10] This man plays inspector Sydney Wang in Murder by Death. He's better-known for starring as Clare Quilty in Lolita and the titular wheelchair-bound physicist in Dr Strangelove, and for his iconic portrayal of Inspector Clouseau in The Pink Panther.
Answer: Peter Sellers
[10] Alec Guinness, who in Murder By Death plays the blind butler Bensonmum, read the script for the original Star Wars movie in his dressing room between scenes. In Star Wars, Guinness plays this old Jedi, Luke Skywalker's mentor.
Answer: Obi-Wan "Ben" Kenobi
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Formations made of this type of rock include the Columbia Plateau and the Deccan Traps. The flood variety of these rocks are large igneous provinces formed when successive outpourings of highly fluid lava build up plains or plateaus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this extrusive analogue of gabbro that makes up most of the oceanic crust.
Answer: basalt
[10] Another type of large igneous province consists of namesake swarms of these discordant, tabular, intrusive bodies. The ring form of these structures can be found centered on some volcanoes. In general, these form vertical ridge formations that break through older surface rock.
Answer: dikes
[10] These rock suites typically include pillow lavas covering sheeted basaltic dikes, peridotites, and deep-sea sediments. They are interpreted as fragments of oceanic crust that have been emplaced on land.
Answer: ophiolites [accept ophiolite suite or ophiolite sequence or ophiolite assemblage or ophiolite complex]
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Two sects in this religious school are Soto and Renzai, the latter famous for its use of koans.,
[10] For ten points name this school of Buddhism that is derived from Mahayana Buddhism. It is most famously practiced in Japan.
Answer: Zen Buddhism
[10] The origins of Zen Buddhism are often traced back to this speech delivered by the Buddha, a key inspiration for Mahakasyapa, throughout the duration of which the Buddha held the namesake object.
Answer: Flower Sermon
[10] This collection of 100 koans was written by the monk Xuedou Zhongxian. It includes koans such as "Bodhidharma's Clear and Void" and "Enkan and the Rhinoceros."
Answer: The Blue Cliff Record
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Name some figures at notably well-travelled intersection of cross-dressing and French literature, FTPE:,
[10] This author of Emaux et Camees wrote a novel about the sword-fighting, the cross-dressing Mademoiselle de Maupin. That novel is more famous for its preface, which discusses this man's theory of "art for art's sake."
Answer: Pierre-Jules Theophile Gautier
[10] This woman, the author of Indiana, was known for her tendency to wear men's clothes and have affairs with Alfred de Musset and Chopin. She wrote of the often bestial relationship between Edmee and Bernard in Mauprat.
Answer: George Sand or Amantine Aurore Lucile Daupin
[10] This author of "The Unkown Masterpiece" and "The Chouans" included several scenes of transvestism in his large work featuring stories like "Cousin Bette" and "The Wild-Ass's Skin," The Human Comedy.
Answer: Honore de Balzac
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This book introduced the first biomorph algorithm. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work which argues that the theory of evolution by natural selection is the only plausible explanation for the complexity of life. It takes its title from a passage in William Paley's Natural Theology.
Answer: The Blind Watchmaker
[10] The Blind Watchmaker is a work by this man, who asked "Why are people?" in a work introducing the ocncept of e meme, The Selfish Gene. This man's Extended Phenotype established him as one of the foremost minds in evolutionary biology, though he is probably better-known for campaigning against creationism.
Answer: Richard Dawkins
[10] In this 2006 book, Dawkins argues that religious indoctrination of children is a form of abuse. He also borrows Fred Hoyle's comparison of non-designed life to a hurricane spontaneously assembling a Boeing 747 in a scrapyard, turning it into an argument that God almost certainly doesn't exist.
Answer: The God Delusion
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The title character of this work is nursed by her grandmother Ma Chess and forms a close bond with the "Red Girl." FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel whose protagonist wins a nursing scholarship to England, a work whose autobiographical influences can also be seen in the author's Lucy and Autobiography of my Mother.
Answer: Annie John
[10] Annie John is a novel by this female Antiguan author of the essay A Small Place, whose collection At the Bottom of a River includes a poetic dialogue from a mother to a daughter laying out basic guidelines for surviving life, "Girl."
Answer: Jamaica Kincaid or Elaine Richardson
[10] Kincaid's editorship was integral to the improbable existence of the collection My Favorite Plant, a work which seems to be built around famous authors expressing their love for greenery. In any event, it contains The Sicilian Cyclamens and Purple Anemones, pieces by this author of Sons and Lovers and Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Answer: David Herbert Lawrence
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One ruler of this empire was Wegbaja, who ascended to power after it split from the Allada state. FTPE:,
[10] Name this West African empire, a popular source of slaves for just about everyone, that consisted primarily of the Fon people. It fought two namesake wars against France under its King Behanzin.
Answer: Dahomey
[10] Dahomey eventually became a French colony, before becoming independent in 1960. In 1975 Dahomey changed its name to this, a nation whose capital is at Porto-Novo.
Answer: Benin
[10] One of the major rivals of Dahomey was this Yoruban state, which also had its own set of Dahomey wars, in which Agaja was unable to fully conquer this empire.
Answer: Oyo
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This reaction is known as crossed when both its reactants are carbonyl compounds. It is generically the reaction of an enolate with a carbonyl to produce an enone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this organic reaction named for the fact that its product is has the properties of both an alcohol and carbonyl compound.
Answer: the aldol reaction [or aldol condensation]
[10] The enone produced by the aldol reaction has this property, since its ring effectively has alternating single- and double-bonds.
Answer: conjugation [accept word forms like conjugated]
[10] The stereoselectivity of the aldol reaction is often governed by this process in one of the intermediates. This process is the interconversion of two diastereomers differing at only one chiral center.
Answer: epimerization
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Etienne de Vesc and Ludovico Sforza encouraged this man to take Naples. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king of France, the husband of Anne of Brittany, whose invasion of Italy catalyzed the Italian Wars.
Answer: Charles VIII Valois
[10] Charles VIII was a child of this king who was forced to retreat at St. Jakob an der Birs and was known as the Universal Spider.
Answer: Louis XI
[10] As a teen, Louis XI was a key participant in this uprising instigated by Charles I, Duke of Bourbon. It began in response to Charles VII's attempts to consolidate royal power after the Hundred Years War.
Answer: The Praguerie
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Smoke wafts through dark buildings in this man's Incense of a New Church. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who depicted two buildings in his Aucassin and Nicolette, the painter of the somewhat questionable Turkish Bath with Self-Portrait and Grain Elevator in Egypt.
Answer: Charles Demuth
[10] Demuth's Buildings Lancaster exemplified works of this United States movement, characterized by depictions of industrial buildings by men such as Charles Sheeler and Niles Spencer.
Answer: Precisionism
[10] This man's depictions of buildings put him in the Precisionist movement, though he is better known for works like Nighthawks.
Answer: Edward Hopper

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