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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by CMU + Princeton + UVA
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In one long poem written in this language, the ward of No'oman orders the construction of a domed palace to house each of his new brides. The Seven Beauties, along with a rhyming-couplet epic about Alexander the Great and a frame tale collection known as The Treasury of Mysteries, is part of the "Five Jewels" of this language, and were created by man whose best-known poem describes a poet who goes crazy in the wilderness after the first title figure is forced into marriage. This language of the poet (*) Nezami was used for multiple epics by men from the city of Tus, one about Garshasp and another which focuses on a man who traces his descent from Nariman through his father Zal. The lines "the moving hand writes, and having writ, moves on" and mentions "a jug of wine, a loaf of broud, and thou" were translated by Edmund Fitzgerald from this language, whose nationalistic epic about Rustam is Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, or Book of Kings. FTP, identify this language of Omar Khayyam's Rubiyat, spoken by a great many people in Iran.
Answer: Persian or Parsi or Farsi
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The defensive left at this battle extended into the hills around Lutzingen, and it was preceded by an action wherein the victorious commander left behind the forces of Louis of Baden to undertake a lightning assault on Donauworth, resulting in the Battle of Schellenberg. Lord John Cutts led two frontal assaults in this battle, drawing troops away from the French center and allowing a later charge that isolated the forces of Ferdinand de Marsin. The losers at this battle formed ranks around the village of Oberglau, where they endured a pivotal charge across the (*) Nebel River. One of the victorious commanders was forced to personally lead multiple charges at this battle, which concluded with the withdrawal of the forces of Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria. This battle resulted in the capture of the Comte de Tallard, and it successfully prevented a French siege of Vienna by removing the Eastern theater from its larger conflict, setting the stage for future clashes at Oudenarde and Malplaquet. Eugene of Savoy was critical to, FTP, what 1704 battle in the War of the Spanish Succession, the namesake of a palace built for the victorious general, the Duke of Marlborough?
Answer: Battle of Blenheim
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Given two posets with two monotone functions between them, the posets correspond according to a connection theorem due to this person. An unsolved problem arising in a framework this scientist proposed asks whether every finite group corresponds to one of the quotients of the rationals that this mathematician discovered. The fundamental theorem of the aforementioned framework states that there exists a correspondence between the subextensions of a finite, normal, separable field extension and the extension's automorphisms; both normal, separable field extensions and their automorphism (*) groups are named for him. For 10 points, name this mathematician whose namesake theory can be used to prove that quintic equations are not solvable by radicals because his namesake group corresponding to the quintic isn't solvable.
Answer: Evariste Galois
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Peter the Fuller supported this belief by adding a clause to the Trisagion, and Jacob Baradaeus was another noted proponent of this belief. The Theopaschite formula was one attempt to reconcile this belief, supporters of which opposed certain writings of Theodoret, Ibas of Edessa, and Theodore of Mopseustia; those works condemned by this belief were known as the "Three Chapters." Followers of this belief also rejected the Tome of Leo I, and Felix III excommunicated Acacius for promulgating an edict attempting a restitution with this belief, the Henotikon. This heresy was the subject of the Second Council of (*) Constantinople, and was originally formulated by Eutyches. Conceived as a response to Nestorianism, this heresy rejected the central teachings of the Council of Chalcedon. FTP, name this heresy still held by the Armenian and Coptic churches, whose Greek name reflects its belief that Christ had just a single, unitary nature.
Answer: monophysitism [accept miaphysitism, I guess]
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One work by this man contrasts naked, traditional, and revolutionary forms of the title concept, which is ultimately governed by the nature of the interaction between individuals and organizations. This thinker discusses how we can perceive time-order of words to differentiate "Caesar killed Brutus" from "Brutus killed Caesar" in one work; that work attempts to establish "what is meant by `empirical evidence for the truth of a proposition." Another work by this author of Power: A New Social Analysis draws a distinction between "acquaintance" and "knowledge about" by discussing the center of mass of the solar system, and that work uses a the ideas of primary and secondary occurrences of a phrase to evaluate the truth of "the (*) king of France is bald." That work by this man also discusses the connection between "Scott" and "the author of Waverley" in evaluating a new system of meaning, which this author proposes to replace those of Meinong and of Frege. In addition to writing An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth and "On Denoting," this man wrote a work establishing the foundations of mathematics from symbolic logic in a collaboration with Alfred North Whitehead. FTP, name this co-author of Principia Mathematica.
Answer: Bertrand Russell
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Johann Heinrich von Bernstorff helped organize support for this event, but was thwarted when the Libau was intercepted, while Constance Markiewicz aided it by digging trenches. A declaration issued during this event proclaimed the importance of religious freedom and women's suffrage, and falsely asserted the inevitability of expatriate support. On the first day of this conflict, which Roger Casement attempted to supply with arms, one side took control of (*) Boland's Bakery, St. Stephen's Green and the road to Kingstown, positions which were promptly battered by artillery fire from Trinity College, forcing the instigators of this event back toward the General Post Office. Patrick Pearse and James Connolly were executed in the wake of its failure, though Eamon de Valera was able to evade his sentence and take over leadership of Sinn Fein. FTP, name this April, 1916 Irish rebellion immortalized in a W.B. Yeats poem, named for the Christian Holiday on which it occurred.
Answer: Easter Rising [or Easter Rebellion or Eiri Amach na Casca]
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One work by this artist shows an animal attacking the patron saint of Naples in an amphitheatre, and was painted along with an Adoration of the Magi for a cathedral at Pozzouli. This painter of The Martyrdom of St. Januarius depicted a man lying on the ground after pulling off a woman's wig in Corisca and the Satyr. This artist also showed a man wearing red and blue resting his head in the lap of a woman in a gold dress, unaware that she is preparing to kill him. This artist of Jael and Sisera painted a woman's hair falling from her tether in (*) Self Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, and at age seventeen painted a nude at a bath turning her head downward and shunning the two men who leer at her over a wall. Agostino Tassi was responsible for a major shift in the work of this painter of Susanna and the Elders, whose most famous work shows a biblical heroine severing the head of an enemy general. FTP, identify this early Italian baroque painter of Judith Beheading Holofernes, one of the earliest successful female painters.
Answer: Artemisia Gentileschi
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In this novel, Mr. Edward beats a character who kills her parents by locking them in their house and setting it on fire. One character in this novel speaks pidgin despite knowing English and was the son of a Chinese immigrant who dressed as a man. Another character in this novel buys beans for two and half cents and sells them at inflated prices to compensate for the money his father lost in a failed refrigerated (*) vegetable shipping project. Lee helps raise twins possibly fathered by Charles and contemplates the meaning of "Timshel" with Samuel Hamilton, an Irish immigrant to the Salinas Valley. Aron leaves for the war in this work after Cal reveals the identity of his mother, the prostitute Cathy Ames. Centering on the sons of Adam Trask, FTP, identify this John Steinbeck novel, a retelling of the Cain and Abel story titled for the geographical situation of the land of Nod in relation to Cain's former home.
Answer: East of Eden
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Mertens and Zamir proved the mathematical foundations for one method of solving for these, which involves a transformation from incomplete information to a state space.y] The possibility of that type of these entities was argued for in the paper "Agreeing to Disagree" by Robert Aumann, while Reinhart Selten developed another extension to them that takes into account perturbations and is known as the "trembling hand." Folk Theorems deal with their existence over protracted periods of time, while ones which take (*) belief systems into account are referred to as "Bayesian." Pure ones are always evolutionarily stable, and backward induction can be used to find the "subgame perfect" type of these situations. Mixed-strategy ones are found by applying the minimax theorem to pure-strategy ones with best response analysis, and mutual defection fulfills the only one of these for the Prisoner's Dilemma. FTP, name this game theory situation in which no player can change strategy without making himself worse off, named for a notably schizophrenic Princeton mathematician.
Answer: Bayesian-Nash equilibrium (prompt on just "equilibrium")
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Phegeus had the son of one of these figures killed rather than relinquish jewelery to the river god Acheolus. Opheltes was eaten by a dragon in Nemea after Hypsipyle stopped looking after him to lead these these figures to a freshwater spring, while Menoeceus committed suicide to affect a prophecy regarding them. The mother of Alcmaeon, Eriphyle, received the necklace of Harmonia for convincing her husband to join this group despite his knowledge that he would end up dead. The (*) Epigoni were the sons of these figures, one of whom, Capaneus, caught a thunderbolt in the ass after a speech about the powerlessness of Zeus, while another freaked out Athena by chowing down on the brains of Melanippus. The son of Atalanta, Parthenopeus, was a member of this group, which also included the seer Amphiarus and the cannibal Tyndeus. The horse Arion saved the only member of this group to survive, Adrastus, and their bodies were reclaimed by Theseus after an edict against the burial of these figures was issued by Creon, leading to the death of Antigone. Organized by Polynices, FTP, identify this group from Greek myth, a certain number of warriors who attacked the former home of Oedipus.
Answer: the Seven Against Thebes
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This quantity can be made non-zero by lattice distortion due to a chemical reaction, the classic example of which is the spacing-doubling oxidation of the one-dimensional crystal bipotassium platinate cyanide. Such a chemical perturbation that creates one of these is known as a Peierls distortion and corresponds to an upward shift on a Brillouin diagram so that the lower horizon intersects above the Fermi wavenumber. This solid analogue to the (*) LUMO-HOMO difference measures the width of a region forbidden to electrons in energy space and whose lower bound is the Fermi energy. This quantity is on the order of the kinetic temperature for semi-conductors. It. For 10 points, name this quantity that is essentially zero for conductors; the minimum amount of energy required to promote a valence electron to a conduction state.
Answer: the band gap energy [prompt on resistivity or resistance before "LUMO-HOMO difference"]
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One ruler of this dynasty was responsible for the migration of the Banu Sulaym and Banu Hilal, whom he sent to sack Kairouan after an uprising in a vassal state, while it was championed by the brief rebellion of al-Basasiri. During the reign of al-Mustansir, the power of this dynasty, which supplanted the Ikhshidid kingddom, was transferred to the vizier Badr al-Jamali and then to his son, al-Afdal. One ruler of this dynasty vanished without a trace while enjoying his usual recreation of wandering around the hills in the middle of the night, and is known for ordering a canine genocide in his capital and falling under the sway of Hamza ibn Ahmad. The (*) Druze venerate that "mad caliph," al-Hakim, who strained this dynasty's relationship with the Zirids, a protectorate that administered a large area to the west of this dynasty's kingdom. The rise of this dynasty relied on the military genius of Gawhar, who laid the basis for the renowned al-Azhar university, and it was founded by Said, who took the title al-Mahdi and claimed to be the son of Husayn. This Ismaili Shi'a state was eventually supplanted by the Ayyubid dynasty of Saladin. FTP, identify this caliphate that built Cairo, was centered in Egypt, and claimed descent from its namesake, the daughter of Mohammad.
Answer: Fatimid Caliphate/Dynasty
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Dennis R. Dean has argued that one line in this poem is intended as a quote of Joshua Reynolds, and the lines "Don't know / Nice, though" appear in a Desmond Skirrow poem titled for [this poem] "summarized." This poem speaks of a figure that can "express a flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme," and it asks questions like "what struggle to escape?" and "what wild ecstasy?" Another section of this poems asks "what little town by river or sea-shore [. . .] is emptied of its folk, this pious morn?" This poem describes a (*) "happy melodist, unwearied, for ever piping songs for ever new" after claiming that "heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter." This poem addresses "thou still unravish'd bride of quietness," and it ends by proclaiming something "that is all ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." For 10 points, name this poem that claims "beauty is truth, truth beauty," an ode by John Keats.
Answer: "Ode on a Grecian Urn"
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The Bogda Mountains is an eastern extension of this mountain range, and this mountain range is the source of the Chu River. Tianchi is an alpine lake in this mountain range, which runs north of the Turpan Depression. The South Ingylchek Glacier is the largest area of ice in this mountain range and lies under Khan Tengri, which along with Pik Pobedy is one of the highest peaks in this range. The (*) Naryn River rises in this mountain range and is the main feeder of the Syr Darya. This mountain range runs near Urumqi and the Taklamakan Desert and it contains the large Lake Issyk-Kul as well as the city of Bishkek.FTP, name this mountain range that runs through Xinjiang Province in China and through Kyrgyzstan, which has a name that means heavenly mountains.
Answer: Tian Shan (or Heavenly Mountains before mentioned)
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This object can be understood as a four-by-four matrix with diagonal entries hyperbolic cosine rapidity, hyperbolic cosine rapidity, 1, and 1 and upper-left off-diagonal entries negative hyperbolic sine rapidity. In that representation, the rapidity angle is given by minus half the principle logarithm of the ratio of the speed of light minus x-speed and speed of light plus x-speed, so this operation can be understood as a hyperbolic rotation of (*) Minkowski space. Applying this operation to a spatial coordinate yields the quantity coordinate minus parallel velocity times time all times square root quantity one minus square of parallel speed over speed of light. It reduces to the Galilean at low speeds. For 10 points, name this transform that converts between different inertial reference frames' spacetime and that is fundamental to special relativity.
Answer: the Lorentz transformation [or Lorentz group or Lorentzian]
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This work proposes "powerful deflections," "substitutive satisfactions," and "intoxicating substances" as three methods for dealing with suffering, and argues that technology has enabled the development of "auxiliary organs," turning man into a kind of "prosthetic god." This work's first section argues that earlier mental stages are preserved alongside more advanced ones, contrasting that phenomenon with the development of the city of Rome, while its last two sections deal largely with the development of the "sense of guilt." This work describes the struggle between the (*) death drive and Eros and posits the supremacy of the pleasure principle, building on its author`s earlier The Future of an Illusion to essentially argue that not being able to start having optionally-consensual sex with everyone you see generates social problems. FTP, name this essay that argues that rules meant to preserve the integrity of the titular institution repress the id and thus generate the misery of the titular group, a work of Sigmund Freud.
Answer: Civilization and its Discontents [or Das Unbehagenin der Kultur]
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One member of this organization was defeated as the incumbent governor of Pennsylvania by David Porter, a result which sparked the Buckshot War, started by partisans of Joseph Ritner. Another one of their candidates for higher office in a later incarnation was the first president of Wheaton College, Jonathan Blanchard. This party relied on a support base in the form of several (*) New York newspapers, most notably the Enquirer and the Albany Evening Journal, both edited by Thurlow Weed. The founding of this group may have been catalyzed by the disappearance of William Morgan, who was bailed out of debtor's prison by unknown people and never seen again. William Wirt was nominated in 1828 by, FTP, what political party at the first United States presidential nominating convention, a group aimed at negating the allegedly nefarious influence of a certain secret society?
Answer: Anti-Masonic Party
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In this novel, the phrase "Zeno of Elea" is used as a code, and a character in this novel tells a story about the disguised Harun al-Rashid being chosen by lot to kill Harun al-Rashid. The protagonist of this work goes to see Uzzi-Tuzii, a professor of Bothno-Ugaric Languages and Literature, and another character in this work uses a spy-glass in his Swiss chalet to watch a woman reading. That character, the novelist Silas Flannery, is the target of (*) forgeries by supposed translator Ermes Marana. The protagonist encounters the sisters Lotaria and Ludmilla in this novel, whose narrative is interrupted by chapters like Without Fear of Wind or Vertigo and Outside the Town of Malbork. This work's first chapter opens with a discussion of how to deal with annoying people who watch tv in the next room while others are trying to read, and instructs "relax" and "concentrate." FTP, identify this work whose main character is actually the Reader, a novel famously written substantially in the second person by Italo Calvino.
Answer: If on a Winter's Night a Traveler [or Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore]
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One composition by this man begins with a continuous ascending and descending four octave arpeggios in the right hand modulating from C major, while another in E-flat major requires rolling twelfth chords. Similar works by this composer include one in which five consecutive E-flats and is entirely played over sextuplet grace notes in both hands, and one beginning with gradually descending triplets in the right hand all played on (*) black keys. This composer of those pieces nicknamed "Waterfall" and "Aeolian Harp" composed a work in the same genre that begins with accidental Bs in a right hand chord before the left hand descends with turns in C minor, a reaction to the November Uprising. The "Revolutionary" is the most famous of the Etudes of, FTP, what creator of "Fantasie-Impromptu," a Polish composer responsible for numerous polonaises, waltzes, and mazurkas?
Answer: Frederic Chopin
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One unique version of this enzyme was discovered in 2006 in the archaeabacteria Methanopyrus kandleri and possesses a buried active site that requires a change in conformation for activity. That version, known as "V", has a controlled rotary mechanism, as does another class of this enzyme that includes a viral type that has sequence-specific binding, that being the (*) 1B class. Still another class of this enzyme is able to fix the catenation problem using a two-gate mechanism that effectively cuts both sides of its target; that is the type II version of this enzyme. This enzyme generally acts to change the linking number of its target to disentangle chromosomes before mitosis and fix replication supercoiling. Responsible for winding, unwinding, and cutting a certain molecule, FTP, identify these enzymes whose name reflects their function of re-arranging the structural configuration of the molecules that comprise the topology of DNA.
Answer: topoisomerases [accept Topoisomerase II "the Drunkard" from David Seal]
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TB This author wrote "I have borne the body of the commandant" in his poem "Since Akkad, since Elam, since Sumer," and he wrote about "The great machete blow of red pleasure" in the title poem of his Miraculous Weapons. In one of this author's plays, titles like Duke of Candytown and Duke of Lemonade are bestowed and the citadel Sans Souci is ordered built by the titular (*) Haitian ruler. This author wrote about the murder of Patrice Lumumba in A Season in the Congo in addition to writing the aforementioned The Tragedy of King Christophe. A lengthy poem by this author repeats the phrase "at the end of the wee hours" and chronicles French imperialism, and this man made Caliban into a hero in his version of A Tempest. For 10 points, name this author of Notebook of a Return to My Native Land, a writer from Martinique who co-founded negritude.
Answer: Aime Cesaire
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TB The strength of this phenomenon in an atom is proportional to a function containing a "hyperbolic cotangent of x over 2J" term; that function is the Brillouin function, which is replaced in the classical formulation by the Langevin function. Second order perturbation theory includes a variety of this phenomenon named for Van Vleck, and the spin of free electrons on a crystal lattice causes a variant of this phenomenon named for (*) Pauli. In certain materials experiencing this phenomenon, the susceptibility is given by "C over (T minus T sub c)," and the susceptibility is inversely proportional to absolute temperature according to Curie's Law. This phenomenon occurs above the Neel temperature as well as above the Curie temperature, and it is caused by the aligning of dipoles. For 10 points, name this weak form of magnetism only present in an external magnetic field.
Answer: paramagnetism
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TB A piano suite derived from the orchestral score of this work includes "Dance of the Girls with Lilies." In an opera on this work, a soprano sings "Ah! Je vous vivre!" One version of this work was first choreographed for Lynn Seymour and Christopher Gable, although Rudolf Nureyev and Margot Fonteyn ended up premiering Kenneth MacMillan's choreography of this work. Charles (*) Gounod wrote an opera on this work, and the score for a ballet on this work includes the ominous "The Dance of the Knights." For 10 points, name this work that is set to ballet with a score by Prokofiev, a Shakespeare play whose characters include Samson, Balthasar, Paris, Benvolio, Tybalt, Mercutio, and the titular star-crossed lovers.
Answer: Romeo and Juliet
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by CMU + Princeton + UVA
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Name these characters featured in the Aeneid, FTPE:,
[10] This queen of Carthage becomes Aeneas's lover, but after he abandons her she angrily burns herself to death. She gives him a very cold shoulder when Aeneas encounters her again in the underworld.
Answer: Dido
[10] This Greek hero of the Trojan War refuses to involve his Italian kingdom in the war against Aeneas. Oddly, this man had almost killed Aeneas during the Trojan war, shortly before he wounded the gods Venus and Mars.
Answer: Diomedes
[10] After arriving in Italy, the Trojans ally themselves with this king of Pallantium and enemy of the Latins. His son Pallas is killed during the war by Turnus.
Answer: Evander
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Identify these symphonies which notably feature more than four movements, FTPE:,
[10] Originally labeled "Recollections of Country Life," this F major symphony features five movements which seek to emulate scenes from rural life, including one set at a brook, and one set during a thunderstorm.
Answer: Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 or the Pastoral Symphony
[10] This Hectoer Berlioz work debuted at the Paris Conservatory in 1830, three years after he had started sending sketchy love letters to this work's idee fixe, Harriet Smithson, after watching her perform Shakespeare. This work led to a marriage between the two built on such classics of Romanticism as Smithson being a moody drunk with no money and Berlioz being a lusty creeper.
Answer: Symphonie Fantastique [or An Episode in the Life of an Artist]
[10] This symphony is famous for its fourth movement F-major Adagietto, which was performed by Leonard Bernstein for Robert Kennedy's funeral mass. It opens with a trumpet solo announcing a funeral march in C-sharp minor, which its composer rejected as the signature for the entire working, claiming this piece had no single key.
Answer: Mahler's Symphony No. 5
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Since yeast are immotile, they sense the presence of cells of the other mating type by receptors for this general class of compounds, examples of which in yeas include alpha-factor and a-factor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these chemicals defined as chemical signals for others of the same species to attract, warn or mark territory.
Answer: pheromones
[10] Pheromone stimulation in yeasts causes cell cycle arrest for synchronization purposes in this step of the cell cycle, a subsection of interphase. Occurring before S phase, it sees the production of new organelles and two sets of chromosomes in chromatin phase.
Answer: G1 [prompt on just "G phase"]
[10] In response to pheromones, haploid yeast will begin to grow into a pear-shaped conformation this. These structures essentially act as gametes as when two individuals join, their nuclei combine and begin budding into new cells.
Answer: a shmoo [do not accept "Shantanu Jha"]
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This novel takes the form of a monologue delivered to Dr. Spielvogel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work, whose title character is the Assistant Commissioner of Human Opportunity for the City of New York, as well as a psychologically troubled Jew.
Answer: Portnoy's Complaint
[10] This author wrote Portnoy's Complaint, as well as The Human Stain and The Dying Animal.
Answer: Philip Roth
[10] Philip Roth also created this character, who is not Nathan Zuckerman, who stars in The Dying Animal, The Professor of Desire, and The Breast, in which this English professor is transformed into a 155-pound version of the title object.
Answer: David Kepesh
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This man's attempts to take Bohemia only resulted in the Jagiellons gaining control of it instead, but he had more success in seizing Vienna from his Habsburg rival Frederick III. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this King of Hungary from 1458 to 1490 who raised a force of mercenaries known as the Black Army.
Answer: Matthias I Corvinus [or Matyas]
[10] Like his father Janos Hunyadi, Matthias Corvinus did a lot of fighting against this polity. Hunyadi's early successes against this polity were undone when Murad II crushed him at the Battle of Varna.
Answer: Ottoman Empire
[10] Hunyadi studied military tactics in Italy under this condottiere. The Peace of Lodi confirmed this man as Duke of Milan after Filippo Maria Visconti died without an heir.
Answer: Francesco Sforza
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The strength of this effect is proportional to a material's Verdet constant. FTPE:,
[10] Name this effect in which a magnetic field causes a rotation in a light ray's plane of polarization.
Answer: Faraday effect
[10] The amount of Faraday rotation is proportional to the average density of these particles along the direction of propagation, enabling their estimation from the Faraday effect. The emission of these particles characterizes beta minus decay.
Answer: electrons [accept betas]
[10] The amount of Faraday rotation is proportional to this power of the incident wavelength, which renders essential the accounting for redshift in Faraday electron probes.
Answer: the second [accept two or squared]
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This work concludes with a series of four lyrics declaring that perceptions do not comprise reality but are merely reflected signs of other things, while an earlier section lauds those who can learn and memorize this work. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this text, grouped into a collection termed the "Perfection of Wisdom," which takes the form of a dialogue between Subhuti and his teacher.
Answer: Diamond Sutra [or Diamond Cutter Sutra; or Vajracchedika-sutra]
[10] The Diamond Sutra is one of the texts of this Buddhist school, which venerates Bodhisattvas and has a name meaning "greater vehicle." The Diamond Sutra warns that anyone following that Theravada garbage should not attempt to read it, as the text can only by handled by followers of this branch of Buddhism.
Answer: Mahayana Buddhism
[10] This variant of Mahayana Buddhism has a name which literally translates as Diamond Vehicle, and is popular in Tibet. It is also called Tantric Buddhism.
Answer: Vajrayana Buddhism
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In this novel, the Zany kills an officer who taunts him about his mother and then blames the murder on Abel Carvajal. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel which sees General Canales plan a revolution and Camila marry Angel Face, a henchman of the title figure.
Answer: El Senor Presidente (or The President)
[10] This Guatemalan author modeled the dictator of El Senor Presidente off of Manuel Estrada Cabrera, and wrote of Gaspar Ilom in Men of Maize. The novels The Cyclone, The Green Pope, and The Eye of the Interred comprise this man's Banana Trilogy.
Answer: Miguel Angel Asturias Rosales
[10] In Asturias's novel Mulata de Tal, Yumi and Catalina incense the Catholic church after becoming badass sorcerers to deal with the mischief the titular Mayan god of this place, which Doctor Dolittle reaches flying on the back of a giant moth. In a Jules Verne work, three men try to use a cannon to shoot themselves "from the Earth to" this place.
Answer: The Moon
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Answer some questions about the history of a certain African country, FTPE:,
[10] This country was under British rule, most notably the "indirect rule" of Frederick Lugard, until independence in 1960. Before British rule, the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife, Oyo, and Benin, whose power extended to what is now Lagos, dominated.
Answer: Federal Republic of Nigeria
[10] Nigeria's first president was this Igbo, who was removed in a military coup in 1966, and espoused a philosophy of African liberation that bears his nickname.
Answer: Nnamdi Azikiwe [accept reasonable answers that include "Zik"]
[10] Nnamdi Azikiwe served as an advisor to the leaders of this secessionist state, which lasted for three years during the Nigerian Civil War. Its mostly Igbo inhabitants were eventually forced to surrender by the cutting off of most supplies.
Answer: Republic of Biafra
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Originally conceived a ubiquitous field containing an infinite number of particles, this model of the vacuum is a natural consequence of the first relativistic generalization of the Schrodinger equation for spin-one-half particles. FTPE:,
[10] Name this model of the vacuum.
Answer: the Dirac sea
[10] These particles can be understood as holes in the Dirac sea. They can also be interpreted as moving backwards in time on Feynman diagrams. The positron is one of these molecules, understood in relation to the electron.
Answer: anti-particles [or anti-matter or anti-electrons]
[10] The states in the Dirac sea are defined by having this property. Normal modes of the Dirac equation can have this property because two solutions exist to the relativistic relation energy squared equals momentum squared speed of light squared plus rest mass squared speed of light cubed.
Answer: negative eigenenergy
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This work includes an emotivist theory of ethics, and it rejects the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1936 work of philosophy that begins with "The Elimination of Metaphysics" and argues for the principle of verification.
Answer: Language, Truth, and Logic
[10] Language, Truth, and Logic is the most famous work of this British philosopher who also wrote The Foundation of Empirical Knowledge and was criticized in Gettier's "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?"
Answer: A.J. Ayer [accept Freddie Ayer, but only from his friends]
[10] Ayer published The Central Questions of Philosophy after being inspired to conceive of a "sophisticated realism" while working on a text about "the origins of" this philosophy, which was popularized in some namesake lectures delivered by William James.
Answer: Pragmatism
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem speaks of "the Lestrygonians and the Cyclops" and instructs the reader to "pray that the road is long." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem that advises of the titular place "without her you would have never set out on the road. She has nothing more to give you."
Answer: "Ithaca"
[10] "Ithaca" was written by this poet from Alexandria who more notably wrote about a people who were "a kind of solution" in "Waiting for the Barbarians."
Answer: Constantine P. Cavafy
[10] Though born in Egypt, Constantine Cavafy is one of the major authors in this country's literary tradition. This country's literary tradition also includes another poem featuring Ithaca, Homer's Odyssey.
Answer: Greece or Hellas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some things related to the Alabama claims, for 10 points each.,
[10] The United States first started agitating for British compensation through this minister. This man had earlier ran for the vice presidency on the Free Soil ticket, and he was notably the son and grandson of presidents.
Answer: Charles Francis Adams
[10] This man was appointed US counsel at the Geneva Conference called to resolve the claims. Earlier, he had served as attorney general under Pierce, though he is better known for negotiating the Treaty of Wangxia as commissioner to China.
Answer: Caleb Cushing
[10] The Alabama claims were eventually resolved by an 1871 treaty signed in this city, where the Five Power Treaty signed following a namesake naval conference. In the wake of the Battle of Bladensburg, Dolly Madison saved some key items in this city when the British torched it during the War of 1812.
Answer: Washington, D.C. [or just District of Columbia]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man depicted a kneeling figure in armor in front of the virgin and child in his Montefeltro Altarpiece. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this early Renaissance painter who depicted four sleeping men in his Resurrection and who decorated the Basilica of San Francesco with his fresco series Legend of the True Cross.
Answer: Piero della Francesca
[10] This man was a contemporary of della Francesca, and painted works like the Linaiuoli Altarpiece and Annalena Altarpiece. He is best known for depicting Adam and Eve being expelled from Paradise behind the titular scene of his Annunciation, which takes place in a Renaissance-style portico.
Answer: Fra Angelico [or Guido di Pietro; or Giovanni da Fiesole]
[10] Another contemporary of della Francesca was this man, whose works include The Holy Trinity, Expulsion from Paradise, and The Tribute Money.
Answer: Masaccio
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this isomeric configuration, the substituent is located closest a ring's the longest bridge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this configuration of rings.
Answer: endo configuration [or endo isomer]
[10] This classic reaction of a diene and dienophile to produce a ring compound is often stereoselective for the endo configuration.
Answer: the Diels-Alder reaction
[10] The Diels-Alder reaction fails for this class of dienes, in which the two bonds share a common atom. Allene is the simplest diene of this kind.
Answer: cumulated
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Southern Ice Field of this region feeds the Viedma, Upsala, and Perito Moreno Glaciers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this region of southern Chile and Argentina that encompasses a glacial portion of the Andes and a dry steppe in its eastern portion.
Answer: Patagonia
[10] Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world, is the capital of this archipelago on the southern tip of South America. It is bisected by the Beagle Channel and separated from the mainland by the Straits of Magellan.
Answer: Tierra del Fuego or Land of Fire
[10] This mountain range, which includes Mount Sarmiento and Marinelli Glacier, runs along the southern part of Tierra del Fuego and is named after a man who explained shells found in the Andes after witnessing uplifted beaches at Concepion.
Answer: Darwin Range (or Cordillera Darwin)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The third volume of this work was released in 2006 and purported to provide linguistic evidence for its main thesis. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work which argues that argues that Greek civilization arose from Egyptian and Semitic roots, a Martin Bernal work that serves as the foundational text of Afrocentrism.
Answer: Black Athena
[10] Black Athena and the doctrine of Afrocentrism were notably attacked by this Wellesley professor in her Not Out of Africa.
Answer: Mary R. Lefkowitz
[10] When he's not getting his Africa on, Martin Bernal's writings are primarily concerned with contemporary philosophical trends in this country. This country's philosophical tradition includes noted butterfly-dreamer Zhuangzi, universal love proponent Mozi, and Laozi, who founded Daoism here.
Answer: China (accept any variants thereon)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The protagonist of this play has a brief relapse where she imagines herself in a hall of mirrors, hearing the sound of a dripping tap. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Dr. Hornby wakes Deborah from a nineteen year sleep, which he describes as the titular condition.
Answer: A Kind of Alaska
[10] A Kind of Alaska is a work of this British dramatist, who wrote about the brothers Mick and Aston in The Caretaker and about hitmen Ben and Gus in The Dumbwaiter.
Answer: Harold Pinter
[10] In this Pinter play, Lulu gives Stanley Webber a drum, after which he tries to rape her during a game of blindman's bluff at the titular celebration.
Answer: The Birthday Party
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man became the first president of Michael Davitt's Irish Land League, and he negotiated the Kilmainham Treaty with the government of William Gladstone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Irish advocate of Home Rule, who was erroneously linked to the Phoenix Park murders.
Answer: Charles Stuart Parnell
[10] Letters printed in The Times that purported to demonstrate Parnell's support for the Phoenix Park murders were eventually revealed to be forgeries created by this journalist.
Answer: Richard Piggott
[10] In 1889 Parnell was politically ruined when his affair with this longtime mistress was revealed. Her husband, an Irish MP, filed for divorce and named Parnell as corespondent.
Answer: Katharine "Kitty" O'Shea
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This hormone works by recruiting a channel MIP to the membranes of cells in the kidney collecting ducts. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this molecule that effects reabsorption of water.
Answer: anti-diuretic hormone [or vasopressin]
[10] There are eleven known variants of there water channel proteins, the second of which is recruited to the kidney collecting duct cell membranes due to the action of ADH.
Answer: aquaporins
[10] This highly conserved aquaporin motif is named for the three-amino-acid sequence of which it consists. Some current theories of aquaporin functionality state that rotation of this motif gives aquaporin its selectivity.
Answer: the asparagine-proline-alanine motif

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