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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Illinois Open Tossups by Brown
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One of this organization's members forged an alliance including the I Wor Kuen, Young Lords, and Blackstone Rangers and was the principal subject of information obtained from William O'Neal; that man operated its Monroe Street offices, where he was killed along with Mark Clark. One of this group's initiatives was launched out of St. Augustine's church, and one of its most pivotal episodes was triggered by the death of Alex Rackley. This group's Minister of Information expressed regrets in the memoir Target Zero for advocating rape as a political tool, and it was the subject of the infamous (*) New Haven trials. Fred Hampton and Eldridge Cleaver were key figures in this organization, which demanded an immediate end to all offensive wars and instituted the Free Breakfast for Children initiative as an extension of its Ten Point Program. Heavily fractured thanks to the COINTELPRO investigation of this group ordered by J. Edgar Hoover, this organization was most prominently led by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton. FTP, identify this militant leftist group active during the 1960s and 70s, most famously associated with black nationalism and symbolized by a namesake big cat.
Answer: Black Panther Party
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In a paper which denied the existence of fundamentally different ontological categories, John Searle explained why he did not adhere to this doctrine as it regards properties, while Gilles Deleuze in A Thousand Plateaus described the conceptual "rhizome" which lacks the essential tenets of this doctrine. The "Knowledge Argument" put forth by Frank Jackson in his article, "What Mary Didn't Know," is an argument against physicalism and therefore in favor of this philosophical doctrine, while other arguments in favor of it include the Two-Dimensional argument formulated by David (*) Chalmers. The "theatre" associated with this concept was attacked by Gilbert Ryle in The Concept of Mind, and the originator of the modern substance variety of this philosophical doctrine did so in his Meditations. FTP, identify this philosophical position most often associated with Descartes, which holds that the mind and the body are composed of two separate substances.
Answer: dualism [accept Why I am not a Property Dualist before "this doctrine", also accept any specific form of dualism e.g. property dualism, substance dualism, etc.]
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The cree word muskeg is refers to this type of land in Alaska and Western Canada. Members of the genera Darlingtonia, Heliamphora, and Sarracenia are characteristic flora; carnivory in those pitcher plants is an adaptation to low nitrogen levels. Sphagnum, a tannin-releasing bryophyte, is responsible for the characteristic acidity of these regions, which are also defined by anoxic environment and (*) cold tempretures. High potential for evapotranspiration is characteristic of the the "Blanket" type of the regions. One of them actually started moving in 2008, devastating County Kerry in Ireland, where the Bord na Mona handles harvesting of a locally important fuel from these regions. The traditional site for cranberry harvesting, important anthropological finds in these entities are named after Grauballe and Tollund. Not to be confused with minerotrophic fens, FTP, identify these ombrotrophic wetlands known for preserving human and as the source of peat.
Answer: bogs [accept heaths; accept particular types of bogs such as pocosins; prompt on wetlands; accept poor fens before "acidic," but don't accept other kind of fen]
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The protagonist of this work asserts that, for one hour, another character is Goethe. That Goethe figure proposes a guessing game to which the answer is chess, and discusses possible ways in which Fang can confront an attacker. This work's main body starts in mid-sentence after a nameless narrator informs us that the first two pages are missing. The central character is comforted that the newspapers are reporting his (*) crime, as that will inform his superiors where British artillery is concentrated, and while discussing a novel by Ts'ui Pen he realizes that the title concept runs not through space but through time. Richard Madden captures the murderer of the sinologist Stephen Albert in this work, which centers on the Chinese-German spy Yu Tsun. Titling a collection that was included entirely in its author's Ficciones, FTP, name this story by Jorge Luis Borges, whose botanical title alludes to the countless possible outcomes of any event.
Answer: The Garden of Forking Paths or El Jardin de senderos que se bifurcan
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One method to determine the amount of this substance in aqueous solution is to disolve manganese, iodine, and hydroxide, then add acid and titrate as the amount of analyte is directly proportional to the concentration of this substance. The most common allotrope of this element has a long-lived singlet excited state because spin, symmetry, and parity selection rules forbid the 1270 nm transition to that alotrope's triplet ground state. The (*) second most common allotrope of this element can be synthesized by electrolysis using a graphite cathode, platinum anode, and sulfuric acid electrolyte, but that triatomic allotrope is more commonly made by passing direct current through the common diatomic allotrope in the Cold Discharge method. That allotrope is mixed with this element's pale blue liquid form in rocket fuels, and reacts with CFCs in the atmosphere to contribute to the Greenhouse effect. FTP, identify this gaseous element, three atoms of which comprise a molecule of ozone, which along with nitrogen makes up the majority of breathable air.
Answer: oxygen [accept O2 before "allotrope"]
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In one of this author's stories, Mendel tries to elude a mysterious figure while raising enough money to send his retarded son Isaac out to California. In another story by this author, Arkin alienates the sculptor Rubin after telling him that his white headgear makes him look like a famous painter. This author of "Idiots First" and "Rembrandt's Hat" wrote about a Ukranian brick factory owner who promotes a (*) handyman to the position of manager after Yakov helps the owner get home while drunk. In yet another story by this author, Pinye Salzman works as a marriage broker by drawing names from the title object. This author of The Fixer and "The Magic Barrel" wrote a novel in which the central character earns a spot on the New York Knights with the help of Wonderboy. FTP, name this Jewish author who wrote about Roy Hobbs's baseball career in The Natural.
Answer: Bernard Malamud
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In one work by this artist, a shirtless man with a golden griffin on his helmet dangles a baby and holds a sword while a woman holds a dead baby and gesture angrily. This artist of The Judgment of Solomon showed three reclining nudes looking on as the first title figure approaches a weapons cache in his Venus Presenting Arms to Aeneas. One work by this artist depicts at right a tree bent towards the open sky as two men in orange tunics bear the title figure down a winding road away from (*) Athens, while in another a nude old man plays a lyre and a young child next to him holds an hourglass while four figures representing Poverty, Labor, Wealth, and Pleasure face outwards holding hands in a circle. This man's The Burial of Phocion and A Dance to the Music of Time share characteristic settings with his most famous work, in which four shepherds gather around a tombstone and gesture toward the titular inscription. FTP, identify this French painter of Rape of the Sabine Women whose rural scenes include Et in Arcadia Ego.
Answer: Nicolas Poussin
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One ruler of this name compiled a namesake law code which included the Prochiron and Eisagoge. That man's general Christopher defeated a group led by Chrysocheir at their capital of Tephrike, the Paulicians. Another ruler of this name personally put down revolts by Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas, and wrested control from his eunuch regent Lekapenos. The first ruler of this name killed Caesar Bardas and his nephew, a ruler known as "the Drunkard" named (*) Michael III, to rise from his position as ruler of Armenia. The most famous ruler of this name gave his sister Anna to Vladimir the Great of Kiev in marriage to convert him to Christianity, and avenged an earlier loss at the Gates of Trajan by winning the Battle of Kleidion against a group of men led by Tsar Samuel. The Macedonian dynasty was founded by the first ruler of this name, while the second allegedly had 14,000 of his defeated opponents blinded. FTP, give this name shared by two Byzantine rulers, the latter of whom was known as the Bulgar-Slayer.
Answer: Basileios
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One team from this city used its first draft pick on ex-Tampa Bay Buccaneer Scott Milanovich, who would be replaced as starting quarterback by eventual league MVP, future Pittsburgh Steeler Tommy Maddox. That team defeated the San Francisco Demons in the "Million Dollar Game" to win the XFL in its only year of existence. Another team from this city beat the Michigan Panthers in the first round of the 1984 playoffs in a 3-overtime game behind future 49ers quarterback Steve Young. Besides the USFL's (*) Express and the XFL's inappropriately-named Xtreme, one NFL team from this city had a defensive line including Rosey Grier and Deacon Jones known as the Fearsome Foursome, and featured star running back Eric Dickerson, who ended his career with the second NFL team to play in this city. The former team moved from this city under the ownership of Georgia Frontiere, and found success in a new locale with players like Isaac Bruce, Torry Holt, and Kurt Warner in St. Louis. The former home of the Rams and the Raiders, FTP, identify this large Californian city which currently has no NFL teams but remains cursed with the NBA's Clippers.
Answer: Los Angeles or LA
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Furstenberg's proof of the infinitude of primes defines one of these using arithmetic sequences as a basis. Alternative definitions for these can be given by the Kuratowski closure axioms or in terms of interior algebras. Urysohn's lemma is used to construct continuous functions on normal ones. Neighborhood, convergence, and openness are generally defined using these objects, which consist a set and a (*) namesake subset of the power set of that set that includes both the empty set and the complete space and that is closed under arbitrary unions and finite intersections. Metric spaces are examples of these that satisfy the T2 separation condition also named for Hausdorff. For 10 points, name these mathematical objects, named for the branch of mathematics to which they are central, the study of properties preserved in deformations.
Answer: topologies [or topological spaces]
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The narrator of this work likes The Memoirs of Vidocq because its leaves are yellow; that book had belonged to a now-deceased priest, a tenant in his house in whose former room he sits listening to rain. This work begins with a description of the quiet North Richmond Street, where the narrator lives. That narrator encounters two men counting coins at the Cafe Chantant after getting off a (*) deserted carriage which he reminds his uncle he has to catch during dinner. The narrator in this story hears part of a dialogue between two men and a young lady with English accents; the latter asks the narrator if he wants anything, but he says no, having paid a schilling to enter the title location. The narrator is unable to buy a gift for Mangan's sister at the title bazaar in FTP, what story collected in James Joyce's Dubliners?
Answer: "Araby"
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In the opening of the second act of this work, a nurse sings a song about a gnat while the children whom she oversees examine a map. This work closes as a simpleton exclaims "Flow, Flow bitter tears," and sees the Jesuit Rangoni implore one character to convert the heretics. Another character in this opera narrates a story of his achievements as a soldier at a battle in the town of Kazan while staying at an inn on the border, and that character, (*) Varlaam, soon learns that he has been traveling with a renegade monk who fled from his master Pimen. The title character gives his last advice in "Farewell, my son, I am dying," and the chorus praises him during the earlier coronation scene, but after his death Grigori returns to the capital under the guise of Dimitri. FTP, name this opera about the last Tsar before the Time of Troubles, by Modest Mussorgsky.
Answer: Boris Godunov
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This man taught history and geography at a boarding school in Reichenau under the name of Chabos, and his initial popularity was bolstered when his government passed the Child Labor Law and the Railway Act. This man sent his children to public school to counter negative perceptions of him after his poor behavior led to a two-year exile at Twickenham, while an attempt on the life of this ruler led to the revival of state censorship with the passage of the (*) September Laws. He participated at the Cannonade of Valmy and Battle of Jemappes, but later defected along with General Dumouriez to the Austrian side, which again forced him into exile. He ascended to his most celebrated office following the Three Glorious Days, after which this Duke of Orleans passed the Charter of 1830 and supplanted Charles X. Deposed in 1848 and ruling over the July Monarchy, FTP, identify this man who ruled France prior to the Second Republic, the so-called "Citizen King."
Answer: Louis-Philippe (prompt on "Citizen King")
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The frequency spectrum of this phenomenon is proportional to the integral from frequency over cut-off frequency to infinity of the modified Bessel function of the first kind of order five-thirds. The total power generated by this process is proportional to to the electron charge squared time the sixth power of the Lorenz factor; in the non-relativistic limit, that power is proportional times the square of the acceleration. Those limits respectively give the Lienard and (*) Larmor formulas. Wigglers are designed to produce this phenomenon by creating a periodic vector potential in a beam path. The classical limit of this behavior for circular causal motion is cyclotron radiation. For 10 points, identify this phenomenon, the production of radiation by relativistic charges accelerated by a magnetic field.
Answer: synchrotron radiation [prompt on bremsstrahlung; prompt on cyclotron radiation]
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The "Corn," "Hikuri," and "Blue Deer" comprise the three movements of this man's Seventh Symphony, written for Leonard Slatkin's 60th birthday. This man's symphony for soprano and orchestra, inspired by a Ginsburg poem and entitled Plutonian Ode, falls between his "Choral" symphony and the aforementioned "Toltec." Flashbacks featuring string quartet arpeggios picked up by the full orchestra characterize his score for Paul Schrader's Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters, while other cinematic music created by this composer includes the "Metamorphosis" segments of his Solo Piano and the score for a trilogy directed by Godfrey Reggio and beginning with (*) Koyaanisqatsi. One work by this man, which ends with a twelve-tone quodlibet and takes six hours to perform, is entitled Music in Twelve Parts and was premiered by a namesake ensemble formed after this man broke with Steve Reich in 1971. Knee-Plays punctuate one of his most famous works, which along with an opera with a Sanskrit libretto and one about the titular husband of Nefertiti comprises his "Portrait Trilogy." Responsible for Satyagraha and Akhnaten, FTP, identify this American Minimalist who composed the opera Einstein on the Beach.
Answer: Philip Glass [accept a buzz of Glass's Seventh Symphony or the Toltec symphony before mentioned]
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One man's review of this novel explains that its author was twice imprisoned in the same corridor of the same prison, and references a conversation in which one character asks another what the last number is to explain its lack of publication. A poet is described as having "Negroid lips" in this work, which sees a group of cigarette-enthusiasts challenge an entity that venerates the The Book of Hours. The protagonist begins in a self-described (*) "triangle" with a chubby girl and his poet friend in this work, which describes how the Green Wall was built following the Two Hundred Year War. The protagonist hopes to proselytize to alien worlds in his position as Builder of the Integral, and watches his lover tortured in a glass jar after becoming dissatisfied with using pink coupons to register for sexual encounters. A massive X-Ray machine removes the imagination of the protagonist at the behest of the Benefactor in this work, which sees the Mephi group launch a revolution which this work asserts can, by nature, never be final. FTP, identify this dystopian novel centering on D-503, a work by Yevgeny Zamyatin.
Answer: We or My
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A month after the creation of this document, one of its principal subjects was embarrassed by the publication of an annexation treaty written in his own handwriting. The creation of this document was cited fifteen years later to justify a close 6-5 cabinet vote against taking action over the arrest of William Schnaebele. This document led to the eventual downfall of the man responsible for the creation of the "Liberal Empire," Emile Ollivier, while the Havas printing of this document notably failed to (*) translate the word "adjutant." It references an "interception on a promenade" in regards to a recent decision by Prince Leopold, and mentions information acquired "via Paris and Madrid." Vincent Benedetti conducted the exchange most central to this document, which relayed a request that any future Hohenzollern candidacy for the Spanish throne would be opposed. Reaction to this document resulted in clashes at Metz and Sedan, and it relayed a conversation between a French ambassador and Wilhelm I. FTP, identify this telegram whose modification by Otto von Bismarck triggered the Franco-Prussian War, named for a Prussian spa town.
Answer: Ems Dispatch (or Telegram)
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In 2007, Nakagaki discovered that one of these organisms possesses a primitive form of memory in that it is able to slow its growth rate after exposure to periodic temperature fluctuations. Another species in this group survives high zinc concentrations by synthesizing fuligorubin A, a yellow-colored pigment. The aforementioned examples of these, Physarum polycephalum and Fuliga septica, possess a highly branched macroscopic stage of life known as a (*) plasmodium. The other broad type of these, exemplified by Dictyostelium discoideum, can initiate a cAMP signal that triggers formation of slug-like masses and is consequently known as cellular. For 10 points, identify this broad polyphyletic group of colonial amoeboid organisms that are named for their reproduction through spores like fungi.
Answer: slime molds [or myxomycota or myxomycetes or myxamoeba; accept myxomycota; prompt on fungi or protista/protists or eukarya or eukaryotes or amoebozoa or amoebae; prompt on myxogastria or physaridae or psyarum polycephalum before "fluigorubin A"]
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One possession of this deity is the foremost champion of the eight Dikpala, or Directional Gaurdians, while the Puranas relate an incident in which this figure reacted very badly when cowherds in Gokula stopped venerating him. In one story, he hid inside a lotus blossom in order to escape Brahminicide, and according to tradition neither sorrow nor fear are allowed inside his home. This figure's epithets include "Maghavan" and "Sakra," and one story claims Agni replaced this figure's testicles with those of a ram after this deity's encounter with Ahalya. The Apsara and Gandharvas (*) dance for this figure at his court at Svarga, located in the clouds above Mount Meru, and along with Mitra and Varuna he comprises the Adityas. He consumed vast amounts of Soma in order to break through 99 fortresses and defeat the dragon Vritra, thus returning water to the earth, and his principal weapon is Vajra. The rider of Airavata, the great white elephant, FTP, identify this King of the Devas, the god of lightning and central Hindu deity prior to the rise of the Trimurti.
Answer: Indra
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Bolhuis examined the effect of sequential stimuli on this process. Horn studied its neural basis in chickens, discovering that it is linked to an increase in the incorporation of uracil into RNA in the intermediate and medial regions of the hyperstriatum ventrale. Investigated experimentally by D.A. Spalding and Oscar Heinroth, this process was famously studied by the author of On Aggression and is extended to sexuality in the (*) Westermarck effect. This process is described in King Solomon's Ring by a researcher who took newly hatched mallard ducklings and began quacking at them to experimentally verify it. Examined by Konrad Lorenz and known primarily in its filial form, FTP, identify this process in which social preferences are restricted to a particular object or group of objects, best exemplified by the innate attachment formed by an infant with a maternal caregiver.
Answer: filial imprinting
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TB This author earned entry into symbolist literary circles with an 1891 novel about a man who loves his cousin Emmanuele, Les Cahiers D'Andre Walter. One of the founders of the Nouvelle Revue Francaise, he reworked myths in his Thesee and Oedipe, and his autobiography If It Die... was written over two decades before he won a Literature Nobel. (*) Strait is the Gate, in which the adolescents Jerome and Alissa make a commitment of undying love, is a counterpoint to a book described as a "fruit full of bitter ashes" in its preface. The work in which the protagonist Edouard, who falls in love with his nephew Oliver Molinier, keeps a journal to prepare for making a novel about reality as a first person 'pseudo-author' comments is The Counterfeiters by, FTP, this French author of The Immoralist.
Answer: Andre Gide
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TB This decision expresses fear that "judicial proceedings will come under" an "all-destroying power," and Luther Martin was rebuked in this decision. This decision includes Samuel Johnson's definition of the word "need, " and the "history of corporations" is used as an example in this decision. The law that incited this case required a payment of $15,000 to the (*) Treasurer of the Western Shore. The decision in this case cited the Necessary and Proper Clause as a power, and stated that "the power to tax is the power to destroy" in response to one argument in this case. FTP, name this 1819 Supreme Court case, which involved a state's tax on the Second Bank of the United States and established the doctrine of implied powers.
Answer: McCulloch vs. Maryland
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TB Ritual transvestitism in the Oschophoria was explained as representing this man's companions. This figure pushed off a cliff a robber who had been doing the same thing to travelers, Sciron of Megara. This man killed Phaea along with her pet, the Crommyonian Sow, and with his friend, the Lapith Pirithous, he tried to bring Persephone back from the underworld. Hecales hosted this figure on his way to kill the bull of Marathon, and upon reaching maturity, this figure had to (*) lift a rock where his father had placed sandals and a sword. That father committed suicide when this man forgot to put white sails on his ship on his return home, after he had left as one of seven young men and women for a sacrifice. While in Crete, a thread given to him by Minos' daughter helped him navigate the Labyrinth. FTP, name this legendary king of Athens who dumped Ariadne on Naxos after she helped him defeat the Minotaur.
Answer: Theseus
 
2009 Illinois Open Bonuses by Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One way to state this conjecture is to assert that the equilibrium time average is equal to the ensemble average. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this statement central to statistical mechanics. It holds that. given sufficient time, a system will visit every accessible microstate.
Answer: the ergodic hypothesis [or ergodicity; accept mollecular chaos]
[10] The ergodic hypothesis is central to the proof of this statement, which holds that each quadratic degree of freedom in a system's Hamiltonian corresponds to the same amount of energy. For a three-dimensional monoatomic ideal gas, this theorem gives the total energy as three-halves times the kinetic temperature.
Answer: the equipartition theorem
[10] Ergodicity breaking occurs in systems exhibiting this phenomenon, in which, below the Curie temperature, spins align preferentially in clumps called domains. In this phenomenon, objects exhibit permanent magnetization in the absence of an external magnetic field, and it is often seen in elements like nickel or its namesake metal.
Answer: ferromagnetism
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Identify these philosophers who made contributions to the philosophy of art, for ten points each.,
[10] This thinker argued that "the liking that determines a Judgment of taste is devoid of all interest," in his aesthetic treatise, A Critique of Judgment. You may know him better for such works as The Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals and The Critique of Pure Reason.
Answer: Immanuel Kant
[10] The model of "paratactical presentation" serves as the outline for this philosopher's posthumously published Aesthetic Theory, in which dialectic is applied to art. He also analyzed Mahler's work in Mahler: A Musical Physiognomy and wrote Minima Moralia before collaborating with Max Horkheimer on The Dialectic of Enlightenment.
Answer: Theodor Wisengrund Adorno
[10] Divided into chapters like "The Live Creature," and "The Expressive Object," this philosopher's Art and Experience is his aesthetic magnum opus.
Answer: John Dewey
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This work sees the comic character Don Cesar de Bazan impersonated by the protagonist. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play set near the end of the reign of Charles II, in which a slave who loves the queen is given power as part of a plot by Don Sallustio.
Answer: Ruy Blas
[10] Ruy Blas is a play by this noted Cao Dai saint who also wrote novels like Les Miserables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Answer: Victor Hugo
[10] A Hugo play titled for one of these individuals in the court of Francis I was the subject of a lawsuit over its alleged mockery of the current government of Louis-Phillipe. Other literary figures of this type include Dragonet in Arthurian legend, Feste in Twelfth Night, and Touchstone in As You Like It.
Answer: Fools or Jesters or Clowns (accept equivalents)
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One rebellion against this figure was based out of Lulin Mountain and culminated in the Battle of Kunyang, while another was led by a woman whose son was killed by a corrupt local magistrate, Mother Lu. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this ruler who was opposed by Fan Chong and numerous other revolts after a series of laws starved massive portions of the Chinese populace, sparking popular support for various members of the Liu imperial line.
Answer: Wang Mang or Jujun
[10] The most successful revolt against Wang Mang was this one, which united several other movements after arising in Shandong. Though integral to the installation of Liu Penzi on the throne, the remnants of this revolt were later defeated by Guangwu, and identified themselves by marking a body part with a certain color.
Answer: Chimei or Red Eyebrows
[10] Wang Mang interrupted the reign of this dynasty, founded by Liu Bang after the downfall of the Qin dynasty, whose administration was overseen by the Nine Ministers and the Three Excellencies. This dynasty decayed into the Three Kingdoms Period after the Yellow Turban Revolt, and lends its name to the largest Chinese ethnicity.
Answer: Han Dynasty
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When two-bromo-two-methyl propane is dissolved in ethanol, this reaction mechanism competes with the SN1 reaction that produces two-methoxy-two-methyl propane. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this two-step mechanism wherein a positively charged intermediate is formed and then deprotonated. In the above situation, it produces two-methylpropene.
Answer: E1 [or unimolecular elimination]
[10] This is the central positively charged atom of the E1 reaction intermediate. This element has only three bonds in that cation, causing it to be a strong electrophile.
Answer: carbon [accept carbocation]
[10] This rate-reducing effect is seen in E2 but not E1 reactions because hydrogen steric bulk is irrelevant in the latter because, unlike the former, it does not have C-H bond breaking as a rate-determining step.
Answer: the duterium kinetic isotope effect
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Based on a play by Christopher Bond, this work centrally features a 6/8 melody with a murmuring eighth note accompaniment. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this work, whose score is dominated by an eponymous "Ballad" based on a re-working of the traditional dies irae chant, known for its unusually high number of distinct leitmotifs and songs like "Epiphany."
Answer: Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street
[10] This composer's Sweeney Todd was followed by a work proceeding in reverse chronology, Merrily We Roll Along, and the Pulitzer-winning Sunday in the Park with George. He also collaborated with Leonard Bernstein on West Side Story.
Answer: Stephen Sondheim
[10] Sondheim composed the famous song "Send in the Clowns" for this musical about the love affair between Frederik and Desiree, based on Ingmar Bergman's Smiles of a Summer Night. This title is shared by a notable classical string serenade set in the key of G major, which occupies slot 525 in the Kochel catalogue.
Answer: A Little Night Music [accept Eine kleine Nachtmusik but none of those other names that don't title the Sondheim work]
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This man wrote A Political Romance to support his dean in a church fight, whereupon his opponents had it burned. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author whose A Sentimental Journey features Parson Yorick, who is a minor character in another of this author's works, which more prominently includes the brothers Toby and Walter.
Answer: Laurence Sterne
[10] Sterne is best known for this novel, in which the title gentleman rambles on about his life and opinions with many digressions, such that he isn't even born until a third of the way through. It provides an object lesson in the hazards of urinating out of open windows.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
[10] In Tristram Shandy, Tristram's Uncle Toby is accompanied by this servant, his old war buddy, who follows Toby in his military reenactments and has a penchant for making speeches.
Answer: Corporal Trim [accept James Butler]
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The title character's nemesis on this show is Mandark, who is actually named Susan. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this cartoon about a diminutive red-haired scientist, frequently annoyed by his sister Dee Dee, who often gets into the title location behind a bookshelf. Shows within this show include Dial M for Monkey and The Justice Friends.
Answer: Dexter's Laboratory
[10] In this other Cartoon Network show, the title prince gets supplanted into a dystopic future ruled by the evil Aku. Disappointingly, this show features minimal seppuku.
Answer: Samurai Jack
[10] Dexter's Laboratory and Samurai Jack were created by this animator, also responsible for the miniseries Clone Wars.
Answer: Genndy Borisovich Tartakovsky
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This battle ended when John Sullivan led a raid on Nassau Hall, and turned after a heroic rally led by the victorious commander in the face of a retreat by Hugh Mercer's men. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this revolutionary war battle launched against forces under Charles Mawhood following a victory at Assunpink Creek, which combined with another recent victory to greatly enhance Continental morale and push the British out of a certain state.
Answer: Battle of Princeton
[10] Prior to Princeton, George Weedon's capture of Johann Rall's Queen Street artillery battery led to the Continental victory at the Battle of Trenton after George Washington had conducted this successful action, immortalized in an Emmanuel Leutze painting. Washington proceeded to kick ample Hessian ass after traversing the namesake waterway.
Answer: Crossing the Delaware River (accept equivalents)
[10] This later New Jersey battle saw a force under George Washington attack a column led by Henry Clinton, but suffer losses when Charles Lee disobeyed Washington and ordered a retreat. This battle also saw some alleged auxiliary support from Molly Pitcher.
Answer: Battle of Monmouth
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This god oversaw four minor deities which share his name, each of whom represented one point on the compass. FTPE:,
[10] Name this deity depicted with body scales and whiskers, the Mayan rain god.
Answer: Chac or Chaahk
[10] This other god shared many characteristics with Chaac and other Pre-Columbian weather deities and kept rain water from his sister, the Milky Way, in a jar. During droughts, his followers would bind and starve black dogs in the hope that this god would pity them and send rain.
Answer: Illapu or Ilyap'a or Katoylla
[10] Taloc, yet another Pre-Columbian weather god, was appropriated from Toltec mythology into the myth system of these people. Their mythology centers around the plumed serpent Quetzacoatl, who was worshiped in cities like Teotihuacan.
Answer: Aztecs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It has been shown to slow muscle degradation in rats and can form sterols in the muscle and fat tissues of most organisms. FTPE:,
[10] Name this essential amino acid with an isobutyl side chain.
Answer: leucine [accept 2-amino-4-methylpentanoic acid; prompt on permutatons of H13C6NO2]
[10] The genetic inability to break down leucine and other branched side-chain amino acids are responsible for this ketoaciduria usually named for the odor of its victims' waste.
Answer: maple syrup urine disease [prompt on branched-chain ketoaciduria]
[10] This amino acid, leucine, and isoleucine comprise the branched-chain amino acids insusceptable to breakdown by suffers of maple syrup urine disease. Its substitution for glutamine in hemoglobin is the causative mutation of Sickle Cell Anemia.
Answer: valine [accept 2-amino-3-methylbutanoic acid; prompt on permutations of H11C5NO2]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these painters who paid the bills by favorably misrepresenting their patrons in portraiture, FTPE:,
[10] This man had juniper leaves in the background of his three-quarter portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, his only original work that resides in North America. He may be better known for another portrait, the Mona Lisa.
Answer: Leonardo da Vinci [accept either]
[10] This teacher of Michelangelo painted a profile portrait of Giovanna Tornabuoni as well as a portrait of Francesco Sassetti watching his son Teodoro. He also created two paintings about the life of St. Zenobius.
Answer: Domenico Ghirlandaio
[10] This early Dutch painter, the foremost student of the Master of Flemalle, produced portraits like Lady with a Gauze Headdress, but is better-known for more religious works like the Miraflores Altarpiece and a Last Judgement triptych for a church in Beaune.
Answer: Rogier van der Weyden
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following figures from early Christianity, FTPE:,
[10] This saint, one of the four original doctors of the church, was charged by Pope Damasus I to compile a Latin version of the Bible, which became known as this man's Vulgate.
Answer: St. Jerome
[10] This Christian Berber from Carthage was the first to write Ecclesiastical Latin literature and coined the term "Trinity," though he later left the Orthodox Church and became a Montanist. His works include On the Body of Christ, On the Spectacles, and an Apology of Christianity.
Answer: Tertullian
[10] Tertullian also wrote a polemic "Against" this Anatolian heretic, whose namesake heresy argues that the Jewish God of the Old Testament is a wrathful, inferior being distinct from the forgiving God of the New Testament.
Answer: Marcion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this novel, Confederate veteran Basil Ransom feuds with his cousin, the protagonist, whose sister is named Adeline Luna. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Verena Tarrent is adopted by the protagonist, Olive Chancellor, to serve in the women's suffrage movement, centering on the titular residents of a certain city.
Answer: The Bostonians
[10] This novel, originally published as a serial entitled The Old Things, depicts the conflict between Mrs. Gereth and Owen over the antique furniture found in the titular location.
Answer: The Spoils of Poynton
[10] The Spoils of Poynton and The Bostonians are works by this American author, the brother of philosopher William, who also wrote about some creepy governess encounters in The Turn of the Screw and authored The Ambassadors.
Answer: Henry James
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The "Bagatelle sans Tonalite" is sometimes numbered as the fifth of them, while the first evolved from the "Dance at the Village Inn." FTPE:,
[10] Name this set of piano pieces based on a work by Nikolaus Lenau, whose first and most famous is set in 3/8 time and epitomizes many tenets of its composer's principal of thematic metamorphosis.
Answer: Mephisto Waltzes
[10] This Hungarian composer of Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, a Concerto Pathetique, and the Dante Symphony created the Mephisto Waltzes. He's better known for 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies.
Answer: Franz Liszt
[10] This tone poem by Liszt is titled after an ode by Alphonse de Lamartine. It evolved from his cycle for male choir and piano "Le Quatre Elements," and features a notable C-B-E motif. Liszt compared it to "an unknown song, whose first and solemn notes are intoned by Death."
Answer: Les Preludes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This dynasty included Vladimir I, who converted his state to Christianity, as well as the builder of the Saint Sophia Cathedral. FTPE:,
[10] Name this dynasty whose ruling member bore the title Prince of Tver and which ruled Russia and its precursors until the Time of Troubles. It was founded by a namesake ruler of Novgorod.
Answer: Rurikid Dynasty
[10] The final member of the Rurikid dynasty was this man, who conquered Kazan and Astrakhan and formed the oprichnina. He's better-known for signing the Treaty of Jam Zapolski with Stefan Batory to end the Livonian War, and for getting really irate and beating his son and unborn grandchild to death.
Answer: Ivan the Terrible or Ivan IV or Ivan Grozny
[10] Things didn't actually stop being troublesome for Russia after the Time of Troubles, as the incompetence of Mstislav the Bold during this 1223 battle led Jebe and Subotai to rampage around the Volga as part of the first major Mongol incursions into Europe. Like every other Russian battle, its named after a body of water.
Answer: Battle of the Kalka River
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One poem in this collection exclaims "O Mother Race! To thee I bring / this pledge of Faith unwavering." FTPE:,
[10] Name this poetry collection which also includes "We Wear the Mask," "The Colored Soldiers," and "The Banjo Song."
Answer: Lyrics of Lowly Life
[10] This 19th century African-American poet's Lyrics of Lowly Life also includes the aforementioned "Ode to Ethiopia." His poem "Sympathy" inspired the title of Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.
Answer: Paul Lawrence Dunbar
[10] This other African-American poet, who lived during the later Harlem Renaissance, asked for an end to a "dog-eat-dog" country in "Let America be America Again." He also wrote The Weary Blues and Montage of a Dream Deferred.
Answer: Langston Hughes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This quantity may be defined simply as the first moment of a distribution. FTPE:,
[10] Name this quantity, which denotes the expected value of a random variable.
Answer: the true mean
[10] Given a set of variates, this theorem states that, for every pair of positive numbers epsilon and delta, there exists a number N such that the distance between the sample and true means of M of the variates is less than epsilon with probability one minus delta for every M greater than N.
Answer: the strong law of large numbers
[10] The central limit theorem states that sum of independent, identically distributed variables of finite moment undergo this process with respect to the Gaussian with increasing numbers of summands.
Answer: weak convergence [or convergence in distribution; accept word forms like weakly convergent or distributionally convergent; prompt on word forms of convergence]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Research by Steven Shackley on arrowpoints made by this man suggests that he was not actually a full-blood Yahi. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Native American whose life was written about in a book titled after him "in Two Worlds".
Answer: Ishi
[10] Ishi in Two Worlds was compiled from the extensive field notes of this anthropologist by his wife, Theodora. While he was still alive, this man authored texts like Configurations of Culture Growth, Handbook of the Indians of California and the landmark textbook, Anthropology.
Answer: Alfred Louis Kroeber
[10] Kroeber was one of many famous students of this Columbia professor, who launched modern anthropology with his The Mind of Primitive Man. This man's other students include Melville Herskovits, Ruth Benedict, and Zora Neale Hurston.
Answer: Franz Boas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This leader of the Christian Democracy party both followed and was succeeded by Giovanni Leone. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Italian prime minister, who was notably kidnapped and executed by the Red Brigades in 1978.
Answer: Aldo Moro
[10] This man attempted to negotiate an agreement to secure the release of Aldo Moro. This member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine may be better known for orchestrating a 1975 raid on the headquarters of OPEC.
Answer: Carlos the Jackal or Ilich Ramirez Sanchez (accept any underlined portion)
[10] Members of the PFLP participated in the 1976 hijacking of an Air France jet, leading to this Israeli military operation at the namesake Ugandan airport It saw the death of Benjamin Netanyahu's brother, the operation's commander.
Answer: Entebbe Raid or Operation Thunderball or Operation Yonatan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
FTPE:,
[10] Name this genre of poetry which features thirty-one syllables grouped into lines of 5,7,5,7, and 7, many of which are found in the Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves.
Answer: tanka
[10] This much younger Japanese poetic form consists of three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. The Well-Weathered Satchel and The Narrow Road to the Deep North are groups of these poems written by Basho.
Answer: haiku
[10] This preeminent Japanologist has written extensively on the history of Japanese poetry in works like World Within Walls. This longtime professor at Columbia and is regarded as the foremost translator of Chikamatsu and authored the diary collection Traverlers of a Hundred Ages.
Answer: Donald Keene

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