Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_p4r4teioblds58v87p8s0e7ah6, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Gaddis Tossups by Round 9
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work by thiswriter,the Turk Durfedzhibasov comically can't figure out the word for "sheep" and the German Baron von Donnershlag tries to impress his way into an audience with the title character Khrisanf by claiming "sixteen grandfathers and grandmothers." That play, A Prominent Nobleman's Entrance Hall, is the most notable literary work by this ruler. Among those who led revolts against this ruler was the German Ohotyn-Leuchtenfeld, who came across another former rebel against this ruler, Maurice Benovsky, future Emperor of Madagascar, inthe former'sAleutian colony. This ruler used the advice of Baron Igelstrom and made the Tatar leader Muhammad Djan-Hussein a paid state official. The Scottish admiral Samuel Greig won the Battle of Cheshme for this ruler, which eventually led to the Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji. More famous for installing Stanislaw Poniatowski as king of Poland and deposing Shahin Girai, last khan of Crimea, FTP, name this lover of Orlov and Potyomkin, a Russian empress who succeeded Peter III.
Answer: Catherine the Great [or Catherine II] (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The love theme of this opera, introduced by two solo celli inact II, scene 2, is sung to text originally introduced as a trio for countertenor, contralto, and trumpet. The title character first sings at the "Window of Appearances," after which tubular bells reprise the coronation theme. In act III, scene 3 of this opera, the Scribe reprises the Prelude on lyrics from Frommer's travel guide,marking the shift from Year 17 to the present day. Just before that scene, Horemhab and Aye sing "Let the king care for his land" to convince the crowd to rise up and kill the title character and his family. The title character's "Hymn,"which is always sung inthe native language of the audience, is paired with Psalm 104 to emphasize his monotheism. Written in Biblical Hebrew, Akkadian and Ancient Egyptian, FTP, name this "portrait" opera byPhilip Glass named for a pharaoh.
Answer: Akhnaten (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Extremely low concentrations of Iron-Magnesium HMPA catalysts can add indole to these compounds, and a class of these compounds with boronic acid moieties was found to have anti-tumor properties and may work by inhibiting MDM2-p53 interactions. These compounds have a biosynthetic pathway very similar to that of stilbene, and in plants these compounds are generally isomerized into flavanones. These compounds can be synthesized via an aldol condensation of benzaldehyde and acetophenone derivatives by griding the reactants with a mortar and pestle. For twenty points, identify this class of aromatic ketones, whose solvent free synthesis is a hallmark of green chemistry.
Answer: chalcones (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this novel, a personality cult that forms around mathematics professor Weed Atman causes College of the Surf to secede from the United States and form the People's Republic of Rock and Roll. At the Bodhi Dharma Pizza Temple, Hector Zuniga tells one character about forces threatening his ex-wife before being returned to an asylum for people obsessed with television by Dr. Dennis Deeply. This novel begins with a man dressing up in a brightly colored dress and jumping through a window made of candy. Another character in this novel accidentally uses the Vibrating Palm on Takeshi Fumimota instead of federal prosecutor Brock Vond. That female ninja, DL Chastain, goes on a quest to help the daughter of Zoyd Wheeler, Prairie, find her mother Frenesi Gates. FTP, name this 1990 novel named for a fictional town in California, written by Thomas Pynchon.
Answer: Vineland (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The website for this company notes that it can "bring [its] own laptop" to avoid one's "internal IT morass" in its section about "Highly Technical Writing." Its website also links to Mark Judd Mitchell's invention of an "inboard/outboard motor protector with underwater hydrofoil" in its illuminating section about "Patents." Its motto is "it's your move," and its website's header depicts a man standing on a rook looking across an ocean towards a king. This company may be best known for supplying customers like the American Association of Schools in South America, Kansas AEC, and Galludet Academic Bowl with questions asking for "the 19th century author of a novel whose setting today has its own website at 7Gables.org." FTP, name this Colorado-based company whose founder once accused Missouri high schoolers of being unable to "find their rear ends with both hands and a map."
Answer: Avery Enterprises (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work states that "stupidity is the same the world over," and argues that if its principles are adopted, the brain trust of humanity could be doubled. In its first chapter, the author asserts that all laws begin by converting "a mere physical fact into a legal right," and argues that it is unnecessary to pass laws to prevent the central group from doing what it cannot. Its second chapter states that giving people "almost unlimited power" encourages them to abuse it, while its third chapter argues that there is no evidence that the title group is mentally inferior. The author finds no difference between St. Paul's statements "Slaves, obey your masters" and " Wives, obey your husbands," and equates the marriage contract to "legal bondage." Co-written with Harriet Taylor, it uses the utilitarian principle of self-protection to argue that the title group should be allowed to vote. For ten points, name this feminist work by John Stuart Mill.
Answer: The Subjection of Women (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Animal representations in this painting include rabbits squashed in between the bases and columns of the loggia screen as well as tiny lion's heads that stand over reliefs representing the sins of pride and envy. One figure's red cloak has an inscription in embroidered gold taken from the liturgy of Matins, and a peacock stands to the left of two men wearing chaperones who look out over a river. Another figure has an illuminated manuscript of the Book of Hours in his lap, while the child in this painting holds a crystal globe surmounted with a gold cross. An angel hovers overhead with an ornate crown, and the two title figures are seated directly across from each other. Commissioned for the Notre Dame du Chastel in Autun, FTP, name this painting featuring the advisor to the Duke of Burgundy, a work by Jan van Eyck.
Answer: Virgin of Chancellor Rolin [or Madonna of Chancellor Rolin] (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man spent his final years planning a "Three Americas" Railway running from Canada to South America, which he hoped would result in the displacement of minorities by whites. He denounced California in his first book, The Land of Gold, and argued that blacks should be expelled from the United States in The Negroes in Negroland. In another book, he argued that slavery prevented the South from industrializing, and kept non-slaveholding whites in a servile position. For fifteen points, name this Southern author who denounced slavery in his 1857 book The Impending Crisis of the South.
Answer: Hinton Rowan Helper (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are formed by the Bjorken mechanism, while another method of producing them is known as [this name]-strahlung. When vacuum expectation value confers a major part of their characteristic property, a quadratic term is introduced to hZZ coupling and a quartic term is introduced into the hhh coupling. In an experiment at the Tevatron it may have decayed into a bottom quark anti-quark pair, and in another experiment, a 160 GeV particle decaying into two tau leptons may have been one of them. They are thought to have arisen due to spontaneous symmetry breaking as the universe cooled. That symmetry breaking occurs with the introduction of a namesake field, which accounts for why a photon is massless compared to the W and Z bosons. For 10 points, identify this particle, the only one from the standard model yet to be observed, which is hypothesized to impart mass to matter.
Answer: Higgs bosons (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel refers to the Reading Room of the British Museum as the "valley of the shadow of books." Near the conclusion of this novel, Mr. Whelpdale proposes a new paper intended for people with short attention spans, Chit-Chat. The protagonist, described as "an alarmingly modern young man," writes an enthusiastic review of Mr. Bailey, Grocer, a realistic novel by Harold Biffen, and eventually replaces Mr. Fadge as the editor of The Current. After inviting his sisters Maud and Dora to live with him in London, the protagonist proposes to Marian Yule, but instead marries Amy, the former wife of struggling novelist Edwin Reardon. Focusing on Jasper Milvain, an author who sacrifices artistic merit for success, FTP, name this novel by George Gissing.
Answer: New Grub Street (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the third movement of this work, a series of unexpected shifts from one key to another represent people drinking vodka, and the main theme is played on a saxophone. In its fourth movement, french horns play a rondo over the rhythmic ringing of sleigh bells. This suite begins with a cornet fanfare leading into a parodic march, and contains movements about the romance, wedding, and death of the title character. Originally composed for a 1933 film, this suite begins with the title character's "birth" after Czar Paul I mishears a military order. FTP, name this suite about a fictitious military officer composed by Sergei Prokofiev.
Answer: Lieutenant Kije Suite (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the third act of this play, one character signals to the protagonist by stabbing herself and letting her blood flow into a river. In the first act, the protagonist is rescued when a minister performs an impromptu Caesarean section on his dead mother. Its first act includes a mock battle between plum blossoms and cherry blossoms, and an invasion is signaled when the antagonist slices out his left eye. In its fourth act, forces under Bairoku plummet into a gorge when the cloud bridge they are crossing disappears, and it ends with the title character and his generals Kanki and Go Sankei killing Ri Toten, the leader of the Manchus. First performed in 1715, for fifteen points, name this play about a general who restores the Ming dynasty, a history play by Chikamatsu.
Answer: The Battles of Coxinga (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One mechanism for improving them can be inadvertently rendered ineffective by compiler optimization and is an algorithm named for Kahan. A proposed new standard for them will employ an "FMA" operation which, through the use of Horner's scheme, can improve the efficiency of polynomial evaluation. IBM's S/390 architecture defines a proprietary format for them, an architecture that employs various wrapping techniques like "late" and "long-to-short" in order to improve efficiency of operations on them. Thomas Nicely pointed out an infamous flaw in a certain operation on them in Intel's first Pentium chip in 1994. The most common implementation of them, IEEE 754, does not use two's complement but instead biases the exponent bits in order to improve the efficiency of comparison. That standard also provides for a mantissa and a sign bit. FTP, identify these ways to represent non-integer numbers on a computer, designated in C by appending an f to the end of a number.
Answer: Floating Point Numbers (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work suggests that one "not be mean with the emerald stones for one's wives or daughters" and suggests giving them"valuable pieces" for their"breast." At one point, the author is identified as the son of his brave father by a random professor and fellow war veteran, and feels as if "a bucket of hot water had been thrown over me." The protagonist's father is killed after a framed cigarette-passing incident, and this work praises such men as Gorogly and Gorkut Ata. In Section Five, the author mentions the importance of the bull, an animal with whom the protagonist is featured in a prominent statue. It reflects about the protagonist being orphaned by an earthquake, and randomly combines Seljuk history and modern CIS treaty law. FTP, name this book, a core part of the driving test of Turkmenistan, written by Sapurmurat Niyazov.
Answer: Rukhnama (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One person who negotiated this accord designed the flag of Hejaz. This accord was reaffirmed by the San Remo Conference, and conflicted with Henry McMahon's earlier promises to Husayn ibn Ali. Sometimes also named for Sazonov, this accord established an international "brown zone," and gave one side control of the ports of Acre and Haifa. It gave Russia the Sea of Marmara and the west coast of the Bosphorus, and gave France control of Cilicia and the oil region of Mosul. After the Russian Revolution, the main parties to this agreement annulled Russian claims, causing Lenin to release a copy of it. Partitioning the Middle East into spheres of influence, FTP, name this secret agreement signed in 1916 by the British and French which divided up the territory of the Ottoman Empire.
Answer: Sykes-Picot Agreement (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Steven Jay Gould suggested that this person is at least "gloriously wrong," and a work by Alfredo Garzia subtitled "Scientism vs. Science" documents the intellectual and academic controversy caused by this man's work. In order to justify his celestial mechanics, he detailed a theory of electromagnetism for large bodies in Cosmos without Gravitation, and he analyzed the Ipuwer Papyrus's documentation of the Israelite Exodus in Theses for the Reconstruction of Ancient History. In his most controversial work, he uses a comparative analysis of myths to argue that the Earth has been subjected to a number of cosmological catastrophes and near-catastrophes, which has been in part obscured by a global "cultural amnesia." FTP, name this controversial Russian thinker, the author of Worlds in Collision.
Answer: Immanuel Velikovsky (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The employer of Jobst, Fridolin, and Dietrich pits them in a footrace to keep their jobs in this author's short story "The Three Righteous Combmakers." This author wrote about a schoolteacher embroiled in politics in his last novel, Martin Salander, and wrote about St. Dorothea, St. Vitalis, and St. Eugenia in Seven Legends. Karl Hediger becomes engaged to Hermine Frymann after carrying a flag emblazoned with "Friendship in Freedom" in his story "The Banner of the Upright Seven," one of many stories by this author set in the town of Seldwyla. He also wrote a bildungsroman about Heinrich Lee, a struggling artist nicknamed for the color of his coats, and a short story about the love between Sali and Vrenchen. FTP, name this Swiss author of Green Henry and A Village Romeo and Juliet.
Answer: Gottfried Keller (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Their publicly announced purpose was to fight a war against the Pisidians, and their ranks were bolstered by a secret agreement made with the Lacedaemonian government. This group once plundered the city of Lycaonia, and the wife of Prince Syennesis, Epyaxa, helped keep them from disbanding. In their most well known battle, a commander on the opposing side, Tissaphernes, retreated, although modern scholars credit him as being key in defeating them. That defeat saw the death of their commander, Clearchus, and was the 401 BCE Battle of Cunaxa. Organized by Cyrus the Younger in order depose his brother Artaxerxes II, and known for their retreat from Asia Minor, FTP, identify this group of Greek mercenaries whose exploits were recorded in The Anabasis by one of their leaders, Xenophon.
Answer: The (March of the) Ten Thousand Mercenaries (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Tharp and Gallimore developed a four-stage recursive model of this idea, and its formulator stated that this concept defined functions akin to "buds" instead of "fruits." People in this state can be assisted by MKOs, or more knowledgeable others. Its formulator developed it after examining ways to measure the differences in mental age, and argued that it was "invisibly present" in his work Mind in Society. Defined as the space between a child's level of independent performance and a child's level of maximally assisted performance, it is often used in conjunction with scaffolding. FTP, name this model of learning developed by Lev Vygotsky.
Answer: the Zone of Proximal Development (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
"Sino" was previously appended before a genus of these which was merged with a genus called Ensifer, and "Brady" is appended before a genus of slow growing ones of these. These organisms share their defining characteristic with Frankia, and mutations of the aatA protein makes them unable to metabolize dicarboxylic acids. Lodwig et al. proposed a model to explain their role in the cycling of glutamate and aspartate in their hosts and they are genetically similar to Azotobacter. In addition to existing on their own in soil, these Gram-negative bacteria respond to flavonoids by releasing Nod factors and associate with plants such as clovers, alfalfa and lentils by establishing root nodules. FTP, identify these bacteria that, through their enzyme nitrogenase, form a symbiotic relationship with legumes in order to fix nitrogen.
Answer: Rhizobia (3) [or Rhizobium or rhizobiales; prompt on "nitrogen fixing bacteria" or equivalents until "azotobacter"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This deity sliced open the mouth of the sea slug when it refused to swear loyalty to the gods. This deity was made the head of the Sarume Order after marrying Saruta-Hiko in order to aid the descent of Ninigi. According to the Kojiki, this goddess performed her most notable action next to a sakaki tree decorated with jewels. This goddess stood on an overturned tub and exposed her sacred genitals while performing a lewd, comic dance, which provoked so much laughter that another goddess was enticed to look into a mirror. For fifteen points, identify this Japanese goddess of mirth whose dancing caused Amaterasu to emerge from her cave.
Answer: Ame-no-Uzume no Mikoto (5)
2008 Gaddis Bonuses by Round 9

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_p4r4teioblds58v87p8s0e7ah6, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0