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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Gaddis Tossups by Round 4
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The result of neglecting the ionization term in the fluid plasma-wall equations results in a criterion named for this man, which has been shown to forbid the existence of a patching point and which does not specify a sheath edge. That principle named for this man gives the minimum velocity for a particle entering the Debye sheath. He also gives his name to a phenomenon that scales with the reciprocal of the strength of the magnetic field, his namesake diffusion, and he lends his name to an effect wherein a magnetic vector potential affects a charged particle in the absence of a magnetic field along with Yakir Aharonov. For 10 points, identify this American physicist who developed a non-local hidden variables quantum mechanical interpretation wherein the wavefunction of an electron determines its motion by acting as a pilot wave.
Answer: David Bohm (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This measurement was first proposed in 1972 as a yardstick for the Middle Path of Development. The Tala project, which generates hydroelectric power via run-of-the-river methods, exemplifies its conservation and environmental concerns. The promotion of Buddhism and traditional dress are among cultural preservation efforts made to further this initiative. Voters chose the "Thunder Dragon" party in a recent mock election designed to educate the populace about democracy, which is meant to contribute toward its equitable socio-economic development pillar. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck voluntarily released certain controls in order to further, FTP, what wacky Bhutanese development statistic introduced to critique GNP?
Answer: Gross National Happiness (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This character states "in times of trouble, it behooves us to come together...and bury the hatchet in the head of a common enemy" at the beginning of the second play he appears in. In that play, this character replaces a photograph of a Head of State with one of himself, and becomes a General who leads the Church of the Apostolic Salvation Army. In another play, this character entrances a Minister of Parliament after giving his follower Chume permission to beat his wife Amope. Modeled upon the trickster god Eshu, this character makes his first appearance preaching on a beach in Nigeria. FTP, name this religious charlatan whose "metamorphosis" and "trials" are detailed in two plays by Wole Soyinka.
Answer: Brother Jero [or Jeroboam] (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Marius Petipa's revival of the first version of this work features a variation composed by Riccardo Drigo for Vavara Nikitina. The libretto for the first version of this ballet was inspired by Charles Nodier's short story, "Trilby ou le Lutin d'Argail"; that version was designed for its choreographer's daughter Marie Taglioni. This ballet's title character brings her lover berries and water before summoning her sisters for an airy dance in a glade. The title character dies when given a magic scarf by her lover, and Gurn marries Effie in accordance with a witch's prophecies. Eventually, Old Madge's machinations ensure that James Ruben's love for the title character leads to her death. FTP, name this staple of the Royal Danish ballet, a work by August Bournonville named for a forest sprite.
Answer: La Sylphide (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One ruler in this region fled with his fascist puppet chum Tomislav II of Croatia to Argentina after World War II. That man became Julius I in a fascist state whose first ruler was the Aroumanian Alcibiades I of Samarina, which he ruled from Aminciu. That state's end was signified when one of its leaders, Rapoutikas, was carried from town to town on a donkey. The Republic of Koritsa was founded here, and one Ottoman ruler of this area sledgehammered the bones of the klepht Katsandonis. John Cam Hobhouse, a traveling companion of Lord Byron, noted that that ruler, Ali Pasha, possibly suffered from an anal fissure due to his eager receptiveness. The founder of a polity of this name attacked Boniface of Montferrat's Kingdom of Thessalonica in 1210 and Theodore Dukas captured that city after capturing Peter of Courtenay, but lost at Klokotnitsa to the Bulgarians. FTP, name this region of northern Greece, home to a 13th century Despotate and Olympias and the king Pyrrhus.
Answer: Epirus [accept Pindo or Pindus until "Ottoman"] (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This deity's temple was the site of refuge for Apollonius, a general of the Seleucid Demetrius II, after he lost to the armies of Jonathan Maccabaeus. Shamsi-edad I of Assyria built a temple to him at Tirga, where he was part of a trinity with Shamash and Idurmer. Along with Nergal and Misharu, he was one of the Assyrian judges of the dead. Naram-Sin claimed to have conquered the West with weapons from this deity, and the Hebrew word for "corn" has led some to associate him as a god of that domain. In I Chronicles it is said that the head of Saul was fastened to this god's temple, and after the Ark of the Covenant was captured and placed in a temple to this god, a statue of this god fell to the ground. Sometimes misinterpreted as a fish-god, he was worshiped in Ashkelon and Gaza. FTP, name this god who received praise when the Philistines finally captured Samson.
Answer: Dagon [or Dagan or Dagun] (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These constructs are similar to Orgel diagrams except for their ability to take electron-electron repulsion into account, and these diagrams obey the "non crossing rule" for states of the same degeneracy. Those that map out complexes with both low and high-spin states have a sharp vertical line marking the transition due to the Jahn-Teller effect, and both axes of them are normalized by the Racah parameter B. Used to find allowed transitions between various Russell-Saunders states, for fifteen points, name these diagrams that plot normalized energy differences in electronic transitions against the ligand field splitting energy of transition metal complexes, named for two Japanese chemists.
Answer: Tanabe-Sugano Diagrams (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
James Joyce's parody of this poem mentions a "winepress of the Lord" which "thundered / over that grape of Burgundy." An early version of this poem was named for a line spoken by Betty in Our Mutual Friend, "He Do the Police in Different Voices." This poem alters a quote from John Day's play The Parliament of Bees to describe "the sound of horns and motors, which shall bring" one character "to Mrs. Porter in the spring." Its first section ends with the speaker asking Stetson if the corpse he planted last year in his garden has sprouted, before the poet quotes "O keep the Dog far hence, that's friend to men / Or with his nails he'll dig it up again!" from The White Devil. Its author described his extensive debt to Jessie L. Weston's From Ritual to Romance in the extensive footnotes to this poem, which translate its final words as "the peace that passeth understanding." FTP, name this poem that incorporates the words Datta, dayadhvam, and damyata in its final section, "What the Thunder Said," a poem beginning "April is the cruelest month" by T. S. Eliot.
Answer: "The Waste Land" (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
John D'Emilio described this man's life in the first chapter of The World Turned, and wrote a biography about him titled Lost Prophet. This man argued for a "coalition of progressive forces" to combat economic injustice in his essay about "the future of the civil rights movement," "From Protest to Politics." He helped organize the "Journey of Reconciliation" in 1947 through his association with the Congress of Racial Equality, which he founded along with James Farmer and George Houser. This man was fired from the Fellowship of Reconciliation after being jailed for violating a Pasadena lewdness law, and helped plan a proposed 1941 march along with A. Philip Randolph. For fifteen points, identify this gay Civil Rights leader, who organized the 1963 March on Washington.
Answer: Bayard Rustin (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The historical city of Valabhipura in this state was an important center of Jainism, and the Rani-Ki Vav stepwell is located in a city formerly known as Anhilpur which was the capital of the Solanki kingdom, a branch of the Chaulukya dynasty. Natural reserves in this state include Gir National Park and the Nal Salovar Bird Sanctuary, where one can see saras cranes and Brahmini ducks. The former capital of this state is reached through the Tin Darwaza and is home to the Rani Rupmati Mosque and the Sidi Said Mosque. This state is dominated by the Narmada River and is geographically notable for the Kathiawar Peninsula, and was the site of the Portuguese colony of Diu. Bordered by the Gulf of Khambat, it features the vast marshlands of the Rann of Kachchh and its capital is Gandhinagar. FTP, name this western Indian state whose largest cities are Surat and Ahmadabad.
Answer: Gujarat (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Extremely minor characters in this novel include Mrs. Suetonius X. Meistersinger and the Grand Duke Salamander Salamandrovich. In the eleventh chapter of this novel, the narrator describes how Zeus granted him the powers of invisibility, inevitability, and psychic penetration out of love for Clio. At a dinner for the Junta, Abimelech V. Oover is attacked by the ghost of Humphrey Greddon, and Sir John Marraby and The MacQuern resolve to die for the title character, after learning that the Duke of Dorset intends to commit suicide. Set in Judas College, this novel relates how all the undergraduates of Oxford drown themselves out of love for the title woman. FTP, identify this novel by Max Beerbohm.
Answer: Zuleika Dobson (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of them requires the pianist to stamp his heel "heavily upon the floor" during its third and fourth sections, a motif repeated by a later one named "Stoptime." Most of them begin with a four-measure octave introduction, and follow an A-B-A-C-D format, although that pattern is broken in late ones named "Magnetic" and "Silver Swan." Collaborators with the main composer of them included Arthur Marshall and Louis Chauvin, and lesser-known ones include "The Easy Winners" and "The Strenuous Life," a tribute to Theodore Roosevelt. The most famous one was the first piece of sheet music to sell over one million copies, and was named for a club in Sedalia. FTP, name this group of compositions which includes "Elite Syncopations," "The Cascades," "The Entertainer," and the "Maple Leaf."
Answer: the rags of Scott Joplin [accept clear-knowledge equivalents, prompt on "works of Scott Joplin" since that's not specific enough] (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One epic about a conflict on this island is called the Hikayet Prang Sabi, and Kartusuwirjo was involved in an early twentieth-century group known as Hizb'ullah on this island. C. Snouck Hurgronje studied one part of this island and J.B. van Heutsz kicked out Tuanku Danel Syah, a leader of one kingdom of this island formerly led by Sultan Iskandar Mola. A Buddhist state on this island named Pole was visited by Arab merchants. A major state on this island was replaced by one centered on Jambi, and Minangkabau and Pasai were noted medieval kingdoms on this island. Britain only controlled a factory at Benkulen on this island, while wars here fought with the Dutch included the Padri War and the Ajehnese War. Most famous for the kingdom of Srivijaya established at Palembang, FTP, name this large island to the northwest of Java, which lies across the Strait of Malacca from Malaysia.
Answer: Sumatera [accept Sumatra] (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
She produced a split for the International Pop Undegeround series with her sometimes backup band Matty Pop Chart which contains their songs "Thailand Song" and "Child of the Sea." Vanessa Carlton was featured on her track, "Moving On" from an album that also contains "Singing Machine," a song that says "they can't all be ballads, Julian." Besides Hidden Vagenda, she talked about the death of a relative in "My Mom" and she wished to get paid for being herself and desired to be on the road again in "My Rollercoaster." She is probably best known for songs like one that mentions, "Joey never met a bike that he didn't wanna ride," "Tire Swing", and a cover of a song she did while still in Moldy Peaches, "Anyone Else but You," by Michael Cera and Ellen Page. FTP, identify this musician featured prominently on the Juno soundtrack.
Answer: Kimya Dawson (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A mock conference celebrating the revival of this included speeches on "refuctoring" and one titled "Eliminating Collaboration: Get More Done Alone," while an improvement on it popular in Japan is known as the "Sashimi" Model. It is often associated with the Big Design Up Front approach, and its formulator, Winston Royce, later improved it by outlining the more iterative Spiral Model. Testing is done in the validation step, and ideally each step in it should be finished before another step proceeds. Broken into steps beginning with specifying requirements and sequentially preceding to installation and maintenance, FTP, name this traditional software development model, named for the way development should proceed down a cliff to the end.
Answer: Waterfall Model (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Six Memos For the New Millenium, Italo Calvino begins his analysis of "multiplicity" with a quote from a novel by this author. This author psychoanalyzed Fascism in his essay "Eros and Priapo," and his shorter works include a recipe for "Risotto alla Milanese." He wrote an invective against the pronoun "I" and caricatured himself as Gonzalo in his unfinished novel set in the imaginary country of Maradagal, Acquainted With Grief. In another of his novels, Police Commissioner Francesco Ingravallo attempts to solve a theft of jewelry and the murder of Liliana Balducci, which both occur on the title street. For twenty points, identify this 20th century Italian author of That Awful Mess on the Via Merulana.
Answer: Carlo Emilio Gadda (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title concept of this work was coined by Ignace Gelb and developed by thinkers such as Walter J. Ong. The author argues that the metaphysics of presence has dominated European philosophy from Plato to the present in its first section, Exurge. Part two of this book, Nature, Culture and Writing, analyzes Rousseau's Essay on the Origin of Languages, a work that the author situates between Plato's Phaedrus, which discusses the invention of writing, and Hegel's Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, where alphabetical writing is established as necessarily superior to hieroglyphic writing. Introducing the concepts of logocentrism and differance to a wider audience, FTP, name this seminal work of deconstructionism by Jacques Derrida.
Answer: Of Grammatology (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Zenker's diverticulum occurs in Killian's dehiscence, lying above the CPM found in this organ of the body. The Gothenburg and Richter criteria are less often used than the Castell criteria to characterize the "nutcracker" disorder of this organ. Boerhaave and Mallory-Weiss syndromes both affect this organ, and its dilation can be caused by Chagas disease, a less common form of achalasia, which affects the motility of this organ. Chronic exposure to acid results in Barrett's syndrome, which affects this organ, while stratified squamous epithelium are found in the mucous layer that forms part of its inner lining. Peristalsis is the contraction of muscles in, FTP, which organ of the body that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach?
Answer: esophagus [accept "CPM" until mentioned] (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist painted a self-portrait with a palette and a straw hat after seeing Rubens' Chapeau de Paille in Flanders. The Louvre houses this artist's picture of a woman in a billowing dark blue robe carrying a woman holding a cornucopia and sheaves of wheat, Peace Bringing Back Abundance. This painter was exiled from France during the French Revolution for being too closely associated with Marie Antoinette, who posed for many portraits by this artist. In another self-portrait, this artist depicted herself wearing a white headscarf and a black dress with a red ribbon while painting a faint canvas. FTP, identify this prominent female French painter of the late 18th century, who shares part of her last name with a 17th century painter who decorated the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles.
Answer: Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
20. In 1570, a supposed former Gabonese prince named Gaspar Yanga led a slave revolt in this place assisted by an Angolan general, Francisco de la Matosa. For several days in 1638, this city was ravaged by the pirate Laurent de Gaff. Crewmen of the ship Jesus of Lubeck had to walk all the way to New Brunswick on orders of John Hawkins after it was sunk in this city's harbor. More recently, the belief that the German ship Ypiranga was carrying arms to this city led to its capture. This city's main fort, San Juan de Ulua, was shelled in a siege from Point Hornos, and this city was blockaded by France during the Pastry War. After the USS Dolphin incident, Victoriano Huerta's refusal to apologize led Woodrow Wilson to order this city's capture. FTP, name this Mexican port city, captured by Winfield Scott in 1847, and named by Cortes for the true cross.
Answer: Veracruz (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Each chapter of this book begins with a quote from Rabindranath Tagore. The author of this book noted that she was able to obtain information easily from very young medical students and older people who had fewer defense mechanisms in a chapter which deals with the reactions to her seminar. One chapter in this book notes the extreme importance of the family's interactions with the individual in question, and insists that they must "recharge their batteries." A chapter entitled "Hope" follows a section outlining a model in which individuals proceed through stages of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. FTP, identify this work of thanatology written by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross.
Answer: On Death and Dying (3)
 
2008 Gaddis Bonuses by Round 4

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