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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Gaddis Tossups by Round 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Rudolf Schottlaender was one of the first people to perform this task, which was later carried out by the tandem of Franz Hessel and Walter Benjamin. More recently, Christopher Prendergast headed a seven-person team devoted to performing this task. Richard Howard, who is currently in the process of doing this, changed the opening line to "Time and again, I have gone to bed early." D. J. Enright and Terence Kilmartin revised the work of the most notable man to do this, C. K. Scott Moncrieff, who chose a quotation from Shakespeare's Sonnet 30 for the title. FTP, name this activity wherein a novel beginning with Swann's Way is rendered into another language.
Answer: translate In Search of Lost Time [accept clear-knowledge equivalents; accept translate A La Recherche Du Temps Perdu, translate Remembrance of Things Past, or translate Marcel Proust] (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A highly diastereoselective one of these features the oxidation of an N-sulfinyl group into an N-Tosyl group which undergoes a 6 member transition state, and yields a product similar to that of the Wenker synthesis. This term is also used to describe reactions which proceed in the presence cinchona alkaloids and a chiral Lewis acids catalyst to form chiral C-C bonds. In addtition to those variations of Darzens reaction, Baylis-Hillman reaction and the Henry and Michael reactions this term is most famously used to describe a reaction where the nitrogen atom is double bonded to a carbon atom on the diene or the dienophile, a form of the Diels Alder reaction. For fifteen points, identify this three letter word which describes reactions using imines.
Answer: aza or aza modification or aza reaction (4) [accept "Darzens reaction" until mentioned; prompt on "asymmetric synthesis" until "chiral C-C bonds"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His doctoral thesis questioned whether non-human organisms contained material properties and analyzed a "Statement of Belief" in a survey distributed to members of the National Academy of Sciences. In addition to that thesis, "Evolution, Monism, Atheism and the Naturalist World-View," this UCLA professor co-authored a book with Preston Jones called Is Belief in God Good, Bad or Irrelevant. He followed in the footsteps of Salman Rushdie to become the second winner of the Outstanding Lifetime Achievement in Cultural Humanism award from Harvard University. In a different medium, he has addressed the "Markovian Process," "Index Fossils," and "Atheist Peace" in addition to co-writing "Suffer" and "American Jesus." For fifteen points, identify this evolutionary biologist, the frontman for Bad Religion.
Answer: Gregory Walter "Greg" Graffin (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The third section of this work cites the Viennese scholars Riegl and Wickhoff to argue that during "long periods of history, the mode of human sense perception changes with humanity's entire mode of existence." Its sixth section notes that the works of Atget demonstrated the growing superiority of exhibition value over cult value, and it later argues that works by the Dadaists "hit the spectator like a bullet." This essay contrasts the contemplative man with the distracted mass, compares painters to magicians and cameramen to surgeons, and ends by asserting that "Fascism renders politics aesthetic; Communism responds by politicizing art." It opens by describing the progression from woodcuts to lithography to photography to film, and argues that those media destroy the auras of the title entities by copying them. FTP, name this essay about the aesthetics of duplication by Walter Benjamin.
Answer: The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel causes Tiberius Gracchus Leonard to fall through a trapdoor into a pool of water after giving a speech on "The Contribution of the Anglo-Saxon Race to the Cause of Human Liberty." That character is later nearly dissected by Dr. Zackland, and leads a student rebellion with the slogan "Equality or Death" as an undergraduate at Stowe University. Another character's loyalty is tested by having soldiers fire blank cartridges at him, being led to a gallows, and being dropped from an enormous height, after which he becomes the president of the title government, which plans to seize Texas and destroy the US Navy. Bernard Belgrave and Belton Piedmont lead a secret all-black government within the United States in, FTP, what novel by Sutton Griggs, whose title is Latin for "an empire within an empire"?
Answer: Imperium in Imperio (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Consoli et al. discussed data from recent high-precision ether-drift experiments which does not fit predictions made from CMB dipole data for the existence of this object. The GLIMPSE survey showed evidence for the existence of two galaxies in a Bautz-Morgan type I cluster located in it, the ACO3627, which was once known as the Norma supercluster. The Norma, Pavo-Indus and Virgo-Coma superclusters from a "great wall" like structure within this object which has no observed backside infall. Some studies indicate that mass estimates for it may be too high because infall in Shapely cluster was not accounted for, and the Zone of Avoidance has hindered the mapping of this object. It lies in the direction of hydra and centaurus, and is causing the Hubble flow of the Milky Way at 600 kilometers per second. FTP, identify this object that gets its name from pulling a lot of stuff towards it.
Answer: Great Attractor (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of his works, a king asks his six sons what they most desire and reveals their worldly vanities, while another follows a "pilgrim of thought" on his path to religious enlightenment. In addition to those poems, the Divine Book and the Book of Adversity, he wrote the prose history Memorials of the Saints. The Book of Khusraw is falsely attributed to this poet, whom Rumi praised as "my very soul." The title characters of another of his works journey through Seven Valleys, including allegories of understanding, unity, and deprivation, in search of theSimurgh, until they realize that the Simurgh is actually themselves. FTP, identify this mystic Sufi poet of The Conference of the Birds.
Answer: Farid ud-din Attar (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one story, this god turned into a tiny salamander and hid in water after his refusal to sacrifice himself prevented the sun from moving. In another story, this god kidnapped Xochiquetzal, made her eat forbidden fruit, and ravished her. Represented as either a skeleton or a man with a dog's head, this god of lightning guides the sun through the underworld every night, and takes the dead to Mictlan. The sibling of this god created a new race of humans by dropping his blood on the fragments of the bone of life. FTP, identify this psychopomp, the twin brother of Quetzalcoatl.
Answer: Xolotl (4)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Arguably the most successful one was given at Delmonico, and present at all of them was Alexander Randall. Reporters dogged them for their similarity to each other, and also made fun of their frequent use of "my policy." They were greeted by listeners waving black flags in Cleveland, and they all were given under the pretext of a tour to dedicate a monument to Stephen A. Douglas in Chicago. They came in the wake of the a fractured convention for the National Union Party in Philadelphia, while their speaker was joined by David Farragut and Unconditional Surrender Grant but not Edwin Stanton. Allegedly given while the president was drunk, the Democratic candidates supported by these speeches generally lost in the upcoming races to Radical Republicans. For fifteen points, name these speeches delivered by Andrew Johnson before the Congressional elections of 1866.
Answer: Swing Around the Circle Speeches [accept equivalents, prompt on stuff like "Andrew Johnson's 1866 Campaign Against Radical Republicans"] (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Work on a Uranium-Germanium compound by Saxena et al. showed evidence for their formulation by spin fluctuation rather than the method originally proposed. Their individual components can be isolated by passing them through Luttinger liquids such as carbon nanotubes, even while those particles remain coupled, and they were recently found to exist in thin sheets of supercooled bismuth, which acts as an insulator. Experimental support for their existence was observed when the critical temperature of mercury changed with varying isotopes. Existing due to phonon exchange, for 10 points, identify these sets of entangled electrons which are central to the BCS theory.
Answer: Cooper pairs (3) [prompt on "superconductors" until "individual components"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Though one ruler of this house defeated the Visconti leader Gian Galeazzo on the Po, that man refused the offer of title of Marquess from the greedy Emperor Wenceslas the Drunkard. Another ruler of this house used stradiots, or Dalmatian victories, to help beat the French at Fornovo, which was commemorated in a certain artist's The Madonna of Victory. The scholar Vittorino da Feltre was brought by Gianfrancesco of this house, who became marquis by the power of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. As a duchy, this house's famous rulers included Guglielmo I, Duke Francesco, and Federigo II, and under their rule the Palazzo de Te was built, featuring the Sala degli Sposi decorated by this house's most famous artist, who was patronized by Isabella d'Este and Ludovico III of this house. FTP, name this house, famous for its horses and employing Andrea Mantegna, which shares its name with a Spokane University.
Answer: Gonzaga (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of them was led by Tagarab, who criticized his followers for their belief in Anus, and argued that Kilibob was the real father of Jesus. Another of one them was led by Yali, who appointed ambassadors to Japan, China, and the United States. Another of them saved seventy five thousand dollars to buy Lyndon Johnson and make him King of New Hanover. In Cows, Pigs, Wars, and Witches, Marvin Harris analyzed the evolution of them in Madang. Members of the one on Tanna Island paint "USA" on their chests and raise the flag of Georgia on February 15th, a day devoted to their savior, John Frum. These groups often build bamboo airstrips and wait for the arrival of airplanes bringing food and technology. FTP, name these groups mostly found in isolated Pacific Ocean islands, who believe that their ancestors will return to dispense manufactured goods.
Answer: cargo cults (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man collected works such as "The Ideological Antecedent of the Rolls-Royce Radiator" in his late Three Essays on Style and collaborated with his wife Dora on Pandora's Box. In one work, this man used the example of Scholastics reconciling the sayings of Augustine and Ambrose to explain the methods used to build a cathedral. He also compared building a cathedral to making a film in his Bulletin of the Department of Art and Archaeology. This author of an analysis of Corregio's Camera di San Paolo and Meaning in the Visual Arts wrote about "Humanistic Themes in the Art of the Renaissance" in his collection Studies of Iconology. More famously, in his Charles Eliot Norton lectures on Early Netherlandish Painting, he argued that The Arnolfini Wedding was used as a wedding certificate. For fifteen points, name this German art historian.
Answer: Erwin Panofsky (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist taught the painter of Death of Du Guesclin, Nicolas-Guy Brenet. He depicted a man draped in red presenting a sword to the other title figures in one of his final paintings, Vulcan Presenting Venus with Arms for Aeneas. This artist's other mythological paintings include paintings of Diana "After the Hunt" and "Resting after her Bath." A young woman feeds her suitor in a pastoral scene in his painting Are They Thinking About Grape?, and he was fond of painting the bare behinds of women, such as Louise O'Murphy, in a number of Odalisque portraits. A cherub adjusts the hair of a woman holding a white dove in his painting The Toilet of Venus, and a woman in green holds a book and while lying next to an open desk with a fountain pen in one of his three depictions of Madame de Pompadour. FTP, name this Rococo artist, a contemporary of Fragonard.
Answer: Francois Boucher (3)
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One participant in this activity requests that a bucket of ice-cold water be dumped on his head before warning another character about the "pernicious poem place." The namesake of this activity asks another participant to harmonize on the "rumma tum tums" while singing its official song, which begins "other kids' games are all such a bore!" Entities encountered while playing this game include the bonus box, the "perimeter of wisdom," and the "invisible sector," and every player must wear a mask. This game's legal scores include BW-109 to YU-34 and Q to 12, and it usually includes flags, wickets, water balloons, and a soccer ball, although its only permanent rule is that it can't be played the same way twice. FTP, name this game created by Bill Watterson, whose arbitrary rules inspire both Wikipedia and Chip Beall.
Answer: Calvinball (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one chapter of this book, a dog saves her four puppies from being turned into a broth by a milkwoman. Its twenty-second chapter describes Don Jose, a priest who throws stones at children in his orchard, and in its fourteenth chapter, Darbon neuters a black horse. Minor characters in this book include the fox terrier Lord and the goat Diana, and in its first chapter, the narrator describes the title character as being made of steel and quicksilver, but as soft as cotton to the touch. Set in the town of Moguer, FTP, name this book of impressions of rural Spanish life by Juan Ramon Jimenez, which is named for a donkey.
Answer: Platero y Yo [or Platero and I] (3)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This character describes objects delivered from Amaleki to King Benjamin which were then handed down across generations in a single-chapter, eighteen-verse book named for his "words." The book named for this character mentions his southward journey to the land of Zarahemla, as well as an infestation of Gadianton robbers. In the land of Desolation, he refuses to command his people due to their wickedness, and he also recounts the destruction of his people by the Lamanites at the Battle of Cumorah. At the age of ten, Ammaron tells this prophet where to find sacred engravings, which this leader of the Nephites later passes down to his son Moroni. FTP, identify this prophet, whose namesake book is subtitled "another testament of Jesus Christ," and who names a religion founded when a bunch of golden plates were discovered by Joseph Smith.
Answer: Mormon (1)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One revolt against this state was led by a patriarch named Joseph and resulted in the Battle of Avarair. The tolerance of one ruler is shown by his marrying a daughter of a resh galutha and that ruler convened a notable Christian council in his capital. With the captive Ma'dikarib, they conquered Sana'a and added Arabia to their kingdom. One ruler of this state captured Theodosiopolis to pay off his former captors, and was advantaged by the defeat of King Gurgenes and the defeat of the Lakhmid ruler Mundhir III, before winning a noted victory at Callinicum. Another noted king of this dynasty captured Antioch and then built a city named "Better than Antioch" and attempted to spread the state religion to Armenia with constructions at Dvin. Mahoe captured the last ruler of this dynasty in a mill, who had requested help from the Chinese but nonetheless was defeated at Qadisiya and Nehavend, Yazdagird III. Established by Ardashir I, FTP, name this Iranian dynasty which ruled from 226-651 AD.
Answer: Sassanids [or Sassanian or Sasanidoj] (2)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Near this city are the Kuang Si Waterfalls and the villages of Ban Phanom and Ban Xang Hai. The caves of Tham Ting and Tham Phun, collectively known as the Pak Ou caves, feature several statues of the Buddha, and Mount Phou Si allegedly houses a footprint of the Buddha. Located at the site where the Khan river meets this city's main river, its most prominent temple is the Wat Xieng Thong, built of gold and glass. Once known as Muong Swa while it was capital of the Lan Xang kingdom from 1353-1563, it received its current name from a Sri Lankan Buddha statue and became capital of a namesake kingdom in 1707 until its nation's capital was officially moved to Vientiane in 1947. For twenty points, name this city in Laos, a port on the Mekong river and former royal residence.
Answer: Louangprabang (6)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The YopJ factor from Yersina pestis inhibits the protein responsible for inhibiting this factor in the cytosol, and some members of this family mature after degradation of their C-terminal ankyrin repeats.The Relish protein in drosophila is one member of this family.It is phosphorylatedvia the ZAP70-Protein Kinase C cascade, and the activation of Akt by Toll-like receptors has the same effect. Usually bound to Ik-beta-A in the cytoplasm, all proteins in this family are homologous to the Rel oncogene. Initially discovered as an enhancer-binding protein in B cells, its phosphorylation allows it to be taking up bynuclear pores.For fifteen points, name this "master regulator," a transcription factor and oncogene responsible for cellular responses to stress, disease, and a million other things.
Answer: Nuclear factor kappa B (5)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to legend, stones turned into soldiers to help this ruler achieve his first major victory, which he celebrated by drinking beer from the enemy leader's skull. Forces under this leader killed Urcon in a skirmish at Calca, and with the support of his generals Vicaquirao and Apo Mayta, he conquered the Chancas. The husband of Anahuarque, his rule saw the construction of the fortress of Sacsayhuaman and the temple of Coricancha, and he reorganized his empire into four apos. With a name meaning "earth shaker," this son of Viracocha ascended to power around 1438, and was succeeded by his son Tupac after his death in 1471. FTP, name this ninth Incan Emperor, who began the expansion of the Incan Empire from Cuzco, and built Machu Picchu.
Answer: Pachacuti [or Pachacutec] (4)
2008 Gaddis Bonuses by Round 3

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