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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Florida SSI Tossups by 7
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Nearly 50,000 years ago, the Death Valley region of California and Nevada had a damp, rainy climate peppered by interconnected ponds and lakes. Over time, as rainfall decreased significantly, a number of these bodies of water became separated, leaving the species of fish in them to evolve slightly differently as a result of varying temperatures and mineral compositions, an example of this process. To confirm if this process has occurred, one needs only to see if the independent populations are able to interbreed. FTP, identify this type of speciation which occurs when a gene flow is interrupted by geographic isolationism.
Answer: allopatric speciation
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His posthumous publications include his humorous poems in the volume Unkind to Unicorns, as well as More Poems and Complete Poems which were edited by his artist brother Laurence. He worked in the London Patent Office for ten years, eventually moving to Trinity College in 1911, where he would remain the rest of his life, publishing Last Poems in 1922. FTP, name this author of A Shropshire Lad.
Answer: Alfred Edward Housman
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In this work, its author argues that there is no difference between solipsism and pure realism but suggests that the distinction between the two is an artificial development of muddled philosophy. The concept of logical atomism is introduced in the opening propositions of the work, only to be later abandoned by the author upon his return to philosophy in 1929. He argues that while the world is all that is the case, what we cannot speak about we must pass over in silence and that the propositions in the work, themselves, should ultimately be considered nonsense. FTP, name this magnum opus of Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Answer: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
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These troops were aware that they were often the best-fed soldiers in the empire and referred to themselves as the ocak, meaning hearth. Their symbol was a sacred cooking cauldron and their ranks were organized on culinary terms, including soup makers, chief cooks, and pancake makers. In 1826 they were abolished by Sultan Mahmud II in what has become known as the Auspicious Incident. FTP, identify these elite soldiers and bodyguards of the Ottoman empire.
Answer: Janissaries
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This club was founded in 1878 as Newton Heath FC, and wasn't renamed to its current name until 1902. They enjoyed success in the 1950s under the tutelage of Sir Matt Busby until the Munich air disaster in 1958, in which eight players were killed. Sir Alex Ferguson was appointed manager in 1986, and they have gone on to win the Premiership eight times in the past 13 years, including winning the treble in 1999?beating Bayern Munich in the Champions League final with two stoppage time goals. FTP, name this most famous English soccer team known for players like Ryan Giggs, Wayne Rooney, and David Beckham.
Answer: Manchester United
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The primary misfortunes that beset this work's protagonist can be traced back to his defiance of the word of the Oracle as delivered by Ogbuefi Ezeudu, who had instructed him not to take part in the death of a boy he had won in a settlement with a neighboring tribe. After fatally striking that boy, Ikemefuma, with his machete, the grief-stricken protagonist accidentally shoots and kills a fellow clansman and is forced into exile. Upon his return, the protagonist finds his village subjected to British colonialism and his native beliefs replaced with Christianity, conditions which ultimately lead to his suicide. FTP, name this novel about the misfortunes of Okonkwo, a work by Chinua Achebe.
Answer: Things Fall Apart
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This band's first recording, All the Way Home, was followed four years later by their first hit single, Gimme Some Money, which was released together with Cups and Cakes. Their 1982 album was surrounded in controversy due to the risqué cover that allegedly portrayed a greased, naked woman on all fours wearing a dog collar with a man shoving a black leather glove in her face. That album, Smell the Glove, was eventually released with a "classic" all black cover?so black, in fact, it was described as being "none more black." Composed of longtime members Derek Smalls, David St. Hubbins, and Nigel Tufnel, as well as a long list of drummers which met untimely demises, FTP, name this "mostly fictional" umlauted band, the focus of a 1984 rockumentary.
Answer: Spinal Tap
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According to Georgia history teacher, Robin Richards, this man was the best thing to happen to guns since gunpowder. In 1881, he visited the Paris Electrical Exhibition and was told by someone there, "If you wanted to make a lot of money, invent something that will enable these Europeans to cut each other's throats with greater facility." Four years later, he developed a gun that could fire 500 rounds per minute, a weapon that was picked up by many of the European powers. FTP, name the inventor of the forerunner of the modern machine gun.
Answer: Hiram Maxim
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Members of the honor society Pi Tau Sigma should be familiar with this, as its representation on P-V coordinates appears on their official emblem, where the net work provided by its completion is equal to the enclosed area of the graph. On T-S coordinates, its graph forms a rectangular path with each vertex representative of one of the four states encountered in this process. Changing from states 1 to 2 or 3 to 4 involve isothermal heat exchange while changes from 2 to 3 and 4 to 1 are reversible and isentropic. FTP, identify this thermodynamic cycle for an ideal heat engine named for a 19th century Frenchman.
Answer: Carnot cycle
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Shostakovich, in an attempt to end his Babi Yar on a note of defiance, applied a quadruple one of these. Beethoven made use of one in his String Quartet No. 15 where the viola engages in an exaggerated one to emphasize the work's climax, though better known ones underline the discords at the central climax in the first movement of Beethoven's Eroica and the accented high notes of the soprano in the choral finale of his Ninth Symphony. Perhaps the most infamous example was employed by Haydn, who used a very sudden one in the second movement of his Surprise Symphony, thus giving the work its name. FTP, name this term for a strong, rapid change in volume represented in musical notation as sf.
Answer: sforzando
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To attract more workers in their industry, those in this market form face an upward sloping labour supply curve meaning that they must pay a higher minimum wage rate. In principle, inefficiency from it can be mitigated by a well-placed legal price floor, which removes the buyer's power over price and eliminates its incentive to restrict the quantity it purchases. A common theoretical implication of it is that the price of a good is pushed down near the production cost in order for the many sellers to be both mutually competitive and attractive to the buyer. Analogous to monopoly, but on the demand side rather than the supply side, FTP, identify this type of economic state in which there are multiple sellers but only one buyer.
Answer: monopsony
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This country's characteristic buildings inspired the campus architecture of the University of Texas at El Paso, and must be built using no nails and no written plans. Its former ruler, who is married to four sisters, focused on maximizing Gross National Happiness and mandated the teaching of the Dzongkha language in schools. In December he abdicated a year earlier than expected in favor of his son Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, who is now the fifth Druk Gyalpo, or Dragon King. The word "Dragon" also appears in the official name of this kingdom, Druk-Yul. FTP, name this landlocked nation between India and China, whose capital is Thimphu.
Answer: Bhutan (accept Druk-Yul on early buzz)
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Described as a "comely, handsome fellow?about twenty-six years of age," he impresses the narrator by cutting off a man's head "so cleverly, [that] no executioner in Germany could have done it?better." When discussing religion, the narrator notes the peculiarity of this man's god, Benamuckee who accepts even those eaten by this man's people. His cannibalism is eventually suppressed after being converted to Christianity by his European master who had rescued him from other island savages. FTP, name this companion of Robinson Crusoe.
Answer: Friday
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Considered a traitor by his people after switching allegiances to Rome, this controversial figure wrote the majority of his known works under Flavian patronage. Before becoming a Roman citizen, he fought against the Romans as a military leader in Galilee during the First Jewish-Roman War. In his writings he wrote that the Jewish uprisings were due to fanatic zealots and that Jews were not naturally hostile to Rome. He also defended the Jews in Against Apion, a refutation of charges made by a famous Greek grammarian, though he may be better remembered for his 20 volume work, Jewish Antiquities. FTP, identify this Pharisee author of The Jewish War.
Answer: Flavius Josephus
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When multiplied by the Van't Hoff factor and a solvent-specific constant "K," this quantity, used primarily in calculations involving colligative properties, can be used to determine the change in the freezing or boiling point of a solvent. In general, it is useful because it can be calculated using only a weighing instrument and is independent of temperature. For dilute aqueous solutions, it and molarity have essentially the same value. FTP, what is this quantitative measure of concentration, the ratio that divides the number of moles of a solute over the mass of a solvent?
Answer: molality
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The first member of the Alpha Company to die in this work was Ted Lavender, a "grunt" who dealt with his anxiety about war by taking tranquilizers and smoking marijuana. In "On the Rainy River," the narrator explains the set of reasons that led him to combat, being mostly the fear of disappointing his family had he defected to Canada. Other members of the narrator's platoon to die were Curt Lemon, who was fatally injured while playing catch with a grenade, and Kiowa, the narrator's best friend who drowned in a Vietnamese marsh. The novel's title refers to both guilt and fear, and rifles and rations, and was based on the short story, "Speaking of Courage." FTP, identify this semi-autobiographical work by Tim O'Brien.
Answer: The Things They Carried
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His name denotes that he was born on a Friday while his surname originally meant fourth-born. He finished his undergraduate degree at Macalester College in St. Paul Minnesota in 1961 and received a masters at MIT before taking a job with the World Health Organization. He later worked as the tourism director in Ghana from 1974 to 1976 before beginning a steady climb that resulted in a job as director of UN peacekeeping operations in the early `90s. FTP, name this successor of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, a soon-to-be former UN Secretary General.
Answer: Kofi Annan
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This book's title comes from a song in which a man falls to his death after overindulging in whiskey, but is resurrected after being splashed with the same substance. Its unusual formal features include 100-letter thunderwords and first and last sentences that complete each other. Its characters, including Izzy, Shaun and Shem the Penman, represent universal human archetypes. The initials of its protagonists, Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker and Anna Livia Plurabelle, recur throughout the work. FTP, name this famously unreadable novel which begins "riverrun, past Eve and Adam's," the final completed work of James Joyce.
Answer: Finnegans Wake
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In this work's first section, "On Man," the author argues that peace can be enjoyed when people grant each other as much freedom as they want for themselves. The author also says that social unrest has its roots in man's self interest, and that social progress is hindered by the "war of all against all." For these reasons he argued that egoism is the root of all social conflict and hence supported the foundation of a secular monarchy. Subtitled the Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil, FTP, name this work of political philosophy by Thomas Hobbes.
Answer: Leviathan
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1Located in Hardin County, this battle saw the loss of nearly 24,000 soldiers over a two day period. The engaged forces were the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Ohio for the United States and the Army of the Mississippi for the Confederacy. It resulted from Confederate General Johnston's loss of Forts Henry and Donelson, because he then chose Corinth, Mississippi as the staging area for an offensive against Union Major General US Grant, who was awaiting reinforcements at Pittsburg Landing. Occurring April 6th and 7th, 1862, this was, FTP, what engagement in which Johnston was killed?
Answer: Shiloh
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One of this man's works begins with a couple enjoying a picnic only to have it interrupted by a man's death from a freak ballooning accident. Another describes four orphaned children, two of whom develop an incestuous relationship after burying their mother in their basement. His most famous work, a self-described contemporary fable, tells of three men, a composer, a newspaper editor, and a politician, who meet at the funeral of their former love, Molly Lane. FTP, identify this English author of Enduring Love, The Cement Garden, and Amsterdam.
Answer: Ian McEwan
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His third symphony was left incomplete at the time of his death, with the composer only finishing the first two movements before dying of a burst artery at the age of 53. That work was later completed by Alexander Glazunov who also completed this man's most famous opera which includes his Polvestian Dances. Other notable works by this Russian include the Petite Suite and In the Steppes of Central Asia. FTP, name this member of The Mighty Five who's best remembered for Prince Igor.
Answer: Alexander Borodin
2007 Florida SSI Bonuses by 7
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Identify the following things to see while visiting Rome, FTPE:,
[10] Francesco De Sanctis designed the 138 of these which begin in the Piazza di Spagna and end at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti.
Answer: Spanish Steps
[10] At the terminus of the Aqua Virgo is this largest and most ornate of Rome=s Baroque fountains.
Answer: Trevi Fountain
[10] Situated in the valley of the Aventine and Palatine hills is this large arena once home to Roman chariot races.
Answer: Circus Maximus
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Originally known as Prophet Entertainment, this record label is currently led by DJ Paul and Juicy J. FTPE:,
[10] What is this label currently signing artists like Project Pat, Lil' Wyte, and Lord Infamous, whose mission statement explains that "It ain't…about the rap; it's about the cheese"?
Answer: Hypnotize Minds
[10] Hypnotize Minds was started by this Oscar-winning rap group out of Memphis, whose hit albums include Da Unbreakables and Most Known Unknown.
Answer: Three 6 Mafia
[10] On Most Known Unknown, Three 6 Mafia collaborated with this Houston rapper on the track, "Swervin." If you'd like to hit him up, his phone number is 281-330-8004.
Answer: Mike Jones
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The most visible portion of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, it's situated on the west bank of the Mississippi River. FTPE:,
[10] What is this American landmark featured on the state coin of Missouri?
Answer: Gateway Arch (prompt on St. Louis Arch)
[10] The Gateway Arch was designed by this Finnish-American architect, whose other designs include the TWA Terminal at the JFK Airport, the Miller House in Indiana, and the Tulip Chair.
Answer: Eero Saarinen
[10] Saarinen's design for the Gateway Arch follows the line of this curve that a suspended chain assumes when hanging between two points under gravity.
Answer: catenary
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Answer the following about quantitative aspects of phase changes, FTPE:,
[10] This is the point on the phase diagram for a substance where the liquid-gas line ends; at this point, the average kinetic energy of the substance's molecules is so high that the vapor cannot be condensed no matter what pressure is applied.
Answer: critical point
[10] For carbon dioxide, this occurs at -57 degrees C and 5.1 atmospheres; these are the conditions necessary for CO2 to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas simultaneously in equilibrium.
Answer: triple point
[10] In a phase diagram containing a three-phase reaction, this is the point from which the liquid state of an alloy goes directly into an alpha-, beta- phase lamellar solid with zero freezing.
Answer: eutectic point
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For five points per answer and a bonus five for all correct, provide the names of the five beaches on which the Allied forces landed in Normandy on D-Day. You have ten seconds:,
[30] Begin.
Answer: Omaha, Juno, Utah, Gold, and Sword (in any order)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following about a school of ancient philosophy, FTPE:,
[10] Among the great thinkers of this Greek school of the 6th to 5th century BC were Thales, Anaximander, Archelaus, and Hippon. Though each philosopher in the school differed greatly about their conclusions, they all shared the common concern of explaining natural phenomena.
Answer: Ionian School
[10] One of the more distinguished philosophers of the Ionian School was this man who introduced the concept of nous.
Answer: Anaxagoras
[10] Another member of the Ionian School was this man who is famous for his idea that one cannot step into the same river twice.
Answer: Heraclitus
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Identify these events from Indian history, FTPE:,
[10] In 1857, this uprising of native Indian soldiers saw the end of the East India Company's rule as power in India was transferred to the British Crown.
Answer: Sepoy Mutiny (also accept First War of Independence)
[10] Claimed to be the worst industrial catastrophe in modern history was this incident in Madhya Pradesh where a Union Carbide plant leaked 40 tons of methyl isocyanate gas killing thousands.
Answer: Bhopal disaster
[10] Soon after this event had ended, the emperor was deposed and put under house arrest at Agra Fort by his son, Aurangzeb. The process itself required 22 years, a workforce of over 20,000, and had a price tag of 50 million rupees.
Answer: construction of the Taj Mahal (accept reasonable equivalents)
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His first patent was received in 1938 for an electron discharge device. FTPE:,
[10] Who was this Caltech graduate, co-winner of the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the transistor?
Answer: William Shockley
[10] Shockley's development of the transistor resulted from his research on these devices, which can come in n or p types depending on the electron availability created by the doping agent in extrinsic varieties.
Answer: semiconductors
[10] Later in his life, Shockley published several controversial papers arguing that intelligence is primarily hereditary; correspondingly, Shockley became a proponent of this as a means of improving the genetic quality of the human stock by selectively breeding intellectually superior individuals.
Answer: eugenics
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FTPE, name these classic Chinese novels.,
[10] This 120-chapter novel by Cao Xueqin revolves around the downfall of an aristocratic Qing dynasty family. Its protagonist, Jia Bao-yu, loves Lin Dai-yu but instead ends up marrying Xue Bao-chai.
Answer: Dream of the Red Chamber or Story of the Stone or Hung lou meng
[10] It begins with the statement that the empire, long divided, must unite; long united, must divide. It is based on events of the late Han dynasty and of the title period, and features characters such as Liu Bei, Zhuge Liang and Cao Cao.
Answer: Romance of the Three Kingdoms or San guo yan yi
[10] Attributed to Wu Cheng'en, this "folk novel" is loosely based on the historical monk Xuanzang's pilgrimage to India. In the novel he is accompanied by the mythical characters Zhu Bajie, Sha Wujing and Sun Wukong.
Answer: Monkey or Journey to the West or Hsi yu chi
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FTPE, identify these twentieth-century European philosophers.,
[10] Along with A.N. Whitehead, this British philosopher, mathematician, and iconoclastic social reformer co-authored the Principia Mathematica. Imprisoned during World War I for his pacifist views, he would found the Committee of 100, an influential militant group which campaigned for nuclear disarmament through civil disobedience.
Answer: Bertrand Russell
[10] This Algerian-born French deconstructionist philosopher released three notable works in 1967, including Writing and Difference and Of Grammatology. He introduced concepts like trace and différance, and wrote that nothing exists outside the text.
Answer: Jacques Derrida
[10] This German philosopher was a member of the Nazi party and his works include Introduction to Metaphysics and Being and Time. He is most famous for his concept of being-in-the-world or Dasein.
Answer: Martin Heidegger
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FTPE, name these famous people with something in common:,
[10] This boxer beat James "Buster" Douglas for the world heavyweight title and later won that title again by defeating Mike Tyson. In the rematch, Tyson was disqualified after biting off a chunk of a certain part of his opponent's body.
Answer: Evander Holyfield
[10] This painter of The Potato Eaters and Starry Night suffered from a mental illness which has been diagnosed in various ways. While living in Arles, he performed a famous act of self-mutilation and gave the amputated part to a prostitute in a brothel.
Answer: Vincent van Gogh
[10] He was commanding the ship Rebecca when a Spanish coast guard officer allegedly inflicted a certain injury on him. In 1739 he demonstrated this injury on the floor of the House of Commons, resulting in the funniest-sounding war of all time.
Answer: Robert Jenkins
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FTPE, identify the definition of the acidic property vs. the basic property from a short description:,
[10] An acid is a proton-donor and a base is a proton-acceptor.
Answer: Bronsted-Lowry
[10] An acid is an electron-pair acceptor and a base in an electron-pair donor.
Answer: Lewis
[10] An acid is a substance that increases the concentration of hydronium ions when dissolved in water, while a base increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in the same conditions.
Answer: Arrhenius
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FTPE, quote these famous rhetorical questions.,
[10] When God asked Cain where his brother was, Cain tried to cover his ass by asking this question which was intended to absolve him of any responsibility. It has become famous in William Tyndale's translation.
Answer: Am I my brother's keeper?
[10] This question asked by Henry II was interpreted by four of his knights as a royal command, which they obeyed by murdering Thomas á Becket in Canterbury Cathedral. It has also been quoted as "What a band of loathsome vipers I have nursed in my bosom who will let their lord be insulted by this low-born cleric!"
Answer: Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest? (accept "meddlesome" or "turbulent" instead of "troublesome")
[10] Joseph Welch asked this question during the Army-McCarthy hearings after McCarthy tried to accuse Fred Fisher, a lawyer in Welch's firm, of being a Communist. This question marked the beginning of McCarthy's downfall.
Answer: Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? (accept "Have you left no sense of decency?")
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The subject of a four part suite by Sibelius, his mother once had to restore him to life after he drowned in the River of Death while attempting to capture a black swan. FTPE:,
[10] Who is this carefree adventurer and legendary charmer of women who once traveled to Pohjola to win the hand of the enchanting Louhi?
Answer: Lemminkainen
[10] Lemminkainen, along with Joukahainen and Vainamöinen, is one of the main characters in this work often regarded as the Finnish national epic.
Answer: Kalevala
[10] During his adventures, Lemminkainen comes into possession of this magical grinding mill forged by the fabled blacksmith Ilmarinen.
Answer: sampo
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Resulting from his alleged involvement in a conspiracy to remove King James I, this man spent thirteen years in the Tower of London. FTPE:,
[10] First, identify this man, an explorer who established the English colony at Roanoke.
Answer: Sir Walter Raleigh
[10] This was the conspiracy which landed Raleigh in the Tower. Its aim was to replace James with Arabella Stuart.
Answer: Main Plot
[10] Raleigh was imprisoned earlier in his life, this time in 1592, after Queen Elizabeth discovered his secret marriage to this woman.
Answer: Bess Throckmorton
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FTPE, identify these classic series of computer games.,
[10] Richard Garriott created this RPG series, most of whose games are set in the world of Britannia and feature the Avatar as the player character. Iolo, Dupre and Shamino are frequent companions, and the player strives to fulfill three principles and eight virtues.
Answer: Ultima
[10] This series of text adventures begins with the player standing outside a white house. In his quest to collect treasures and avoid being eaten by grues, the PC must outwit a thief and the Wizard of Frobozz, and has to solve the notorious baseball puzzle.
Answer: Zork
[10] This series of RPGs created by Bethesda Softworks takes place in the land of Tamriel, and is noted for enormous gameworlds and a system in which abilities improve the more the player uses them. The latest two installments are Morrowind and Oblivion.
Answer: The Elder Scrolls (prompt on TES)
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Common varieties include the Type K made of Chromel/Alumel and Type J made of Iron/Constantan and they have found wide use in industry for measuring temperature ranges up to 1800K.  FTPE:,
[10] Identify the term for such electronic sensors which produce a voltage whenever a temperature difference is applied to two dissimilar metals.
Answer: thermocouples
[10] Thermocouples are governed by this effect, the opposite of the Peltier effect, named for its German discoverer.
Answer: Seebeck effect
[10] The Seebeck effect is primarily caused by charge carrier diffusion and by the drag of these quantized vibrations within a crystal lattice.
Answer: phonons
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FTPE, identify these things from statistics from descriptions:,
[10] The probability of an event A conditional on another event B is generally different from the probability of B conditional on A according to this theorem.
Answer: Bayes Theorem
[10] A test for assessing whether the medians between two samples of observations are the same, it calculates a statistic whose distribution under the null hypothesis is known.
Answer: Mann-Whitney U test
[10] This test is used to find out if the null hypothesis that the means of two normally distributed populations are equal is true. Its varieties include Welch's and Student's.
Answer: t-test
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For 15 points each, identify these contemporary Virginia politicians from descriptions:,
[15] After infamously referring to the man recording one of his speeches for his opponent Jim Webb as "macaca", a slur meaning monkey in French-speaking parts of Africa, this man still just barely lost his bid for re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2006.
Answer: George Allen
[15] Reacting to the wish of Minnesota representative-elect Keith Ellison to be sworn in on the Koran instead of the Bible, this U.S. representative from Virginia refused to apologize for paranoid comments asking American citizens to work to scale back immigration from the Middle East lest more Muslims be elected to Congress.
Answer: Virgil Goode
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FTPE, identify the following semi-precious stones:,
[10] The name of this stone is derived from Greek words meaning "not" and "to intoxicate" due to the belief that it protected against drunkenness. It is the birthstone of February.
Answer: Amethyst
[10] This variety of forsteritic olivine is often called "poor man's emerald" and is the birthstone of August.
Answer: Peridot
[10] This complex silicate of aluminum and boron comes in a range of colors, with bi- and tri -colored stones not uncommon. It has a vitreous luster and is highly valued when transparent and cut.
Answer: Tourmaline

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