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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Florida SSI Tossups by 6
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Due to frequent bouts with asthma as a child, this author was forced to spend summers at resorts along the English Channel which he used as the basis for the fictional Balbec. His health conditions worsened as an adult, eventually forcing him to spend great lengths of time in his cork-lined apartment on the Boulevard Haussmann. During these long periods, this author went to work on his most famous novel, whose protagonist is also an asthmatic and who sets forth a series of memories when eating a petite madeline. That work begins with Swann's Way and culminates with the posthumously published Time Regained. FTP, identify this prolific French author of Remembrance of Things Past.
Answer: Marcel Proust
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First theorized by Hans Meerwe in 1922, it primarily exists in its secondary and tertiary form. Its primary form is rarely found because the lack of charge distribution makes it highly unstable. Found typically in SN1 and E1 reactions, this ion acts as the short-lived intermediate between reactant and product. Its short lifespan is attributed to the fact that it breaks the octet rule, having only 6 valence electrons instead of 8. FTP, name this carbon ion with a positive charge.
Answer: carbocation (carbo-cat-ion)
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Important ports situated along this body of water include Bo'ness, Leith, Grangemouth, and Kirkcaldy, the birthplace of Adam Smith. At its mouth is the Isle of May, home to a world renowned bird observatory, while sites along its shores include Blackness Castle and St. Monans Windmill. Extending nearly 77 km to the North Sea, the river that this estuary serves rises in Loch Ard and is the major drainer of east-central Scotland. FTP, identify this famous firth in Scotland along which one can find the city of Edinburgh.
Answer: Firth of Forth
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It has been used to justify Japanese American internment in the United States and prejudice against Irish Catholics in the UK by the unionists. Now used to describe traitors in general, the term originated in a 1936 radio address by a nationalist general during the Spanish Civil War. That general, Mola, was referring not to his four army groups moving on Madrid, but to his militant supporters within the capital when, FTP, he coined this famous term for a group of people who undermine a larger group from the inside.
Answer: Fifth Column
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The penultimate section, "The Dance Song," features a violin solo. It has nine sections total with the shortest and by far the most famous being the introduction. That introduction represents the title character's descent from the mountain and eventual greeting to the morning sunrise. Perhaps for this reason it was selected for the opening "Dawn of Man" sequence in Stanley Kubrick's film adaptation of 2001: A Space Odyssey. FTP, name this work of Richard Strauss, a symphonic poem based on a Friedrich Nietzsche work of the same name.
Answer: Also sprach Zarathustra (or Thus Spoke Zarathustra)
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The supposed bones of Arthur were reburied in a special ceremony presided over by this man and his queen at Glastonbury Abbey. Following the death of his queen, he erected the series of Eleanor Crosses to mark the places where her body rested as it was carried south. Bringing Wales permanently under British rule, he named his oldest son and heir Prince of Wales, a tradition continued to this day. Husband of Eleanor of Castile and son of Henry III, FTP, which English king, because of his great height and long arms, earned the nickname Longshanks?
Answer: Edward I (or Edward Longshanks before mentioned)
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The warriors of the tribe named for this Biblical figure were noted for their skill in archery and for their cleverness in using their left hand, which is interesting, as that figure's name translates as the "son of my right hand." King Saul and Paul the Apostle are among his tribal descendants, and in Genesis, he was not permitted to join his brothers in buying corn from Egypt "lest peradventure mischief befall him" according to his father, the husband of Rachel. In another episode, his older brother Joseph demanded his presence, after which he gave this man a silver cup. FTP, name this youngest son of Jacob.
Answer: Benjamin
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Its opening sequence involves a study of scorpions, one of which is shown repeatedly stinging an unwitting rat. Among the notable images in it are a woman chewing off her lover's fingers then sucking on a statue's toes, a man shooting a child in the head twice with a rifle, and a giraffe being thrown from a window onto a rocky shore below. A decrepit band of French-speaking soldiers led by painter Max Ernst tries to defend an island from invading Majorcans, while the film ends with a portrayal of Jesus Christ as a debaucher and serial killer who hangs the scalps of his female victims on the cross. FTP, identify this surrealist collaboration of Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel whose title is French for "the age of gold."
Answer: L'Age D'Or
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The shadowgraph technique can make possible the visibility of currents of this process which possesses a no-slip condition at surface boundaries and allows for the application of Fourier's law within a fluid immediately adjacent to that boundary. A Rayleigh number greater than 1,708 causes the formation of coils of this known as Benard cells, which are an important aspect of atmospheric cloud formation. For gases experiencing the free type, H-T coefficients range from 2 to 25 Watts per meter squared Kelvin, while the forced type needs an external agent to drive the flow, as observed in a fan blowing hot air over the heating coils of a hair dryer. FTP, identify this type of heat transfer that, unlike conduction or radiation, requires a fluid medium to occur.
Answer: convection
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In appreciation for this man's military service, the legislature of his birthstate appointed him commander of Fort Johnson. His early military career began with attacks against the Cherokee Indians and would culminate when he joined forces with a certain Rhode Islander at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. In 1776, he would be promoted to lieutenant colonel after the Continental Congress took over his South Carolina regiment, though he would gather a small group of men whose tactics would lead British commander Banastre Tarleton to give this man his most famous epithet. FTP, identify this Revolutionary war figure whose guerilla attacks in the South earned him the nickname "Swamp Fox."
Answer: Francis Marion
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One of this character's villains, Tobias Bruckner, lends his name to a memorial award by Electronic Gaming Monthly which honors the worst video games of the year. He first appeared in Four Color comics before getting his own Son of Stone series that would inspire Acclaim to produce five console games bearing his name. In the first, he had the name Tal'Set, whose mission was to defend the Lost Land by retrieving the magical Chronoscepter. In the second installment, subtitled Seeds of Evil, Joshua Fireseed would hold the role until relinquishing it in Shadows of Oblivion. FTP, give the name for this time-traveling defender of the universe who has a knack for hunting dinosaurs.
Answer: Turok
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The narrator of this work assumes the persona of a nameless woman, be it "Mary Beton, Mary Seton, Mary Carmichael or?any [other] name you please," who spends days at the British Library pursuing the history of women. Her dismay at the lack of substantial material on the subject leads her to create a fictionalization of women who may or may not have existed, including the idea of a brilliant sister to William Shakespeare whose own work would have been ignored due to gender bias. This essay also instructs women to "let flowers fall on the tomb of Aphra Behn" and to take up writing themselves as a way to yield sexual equality. FTP, identify this 1929 work by Virginia Woolf which suggests that a successful woman writer need only money and the title location.
Answer: A Room of One's Own
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In this man's most famous work, he divides the causes of health and disease into twelve categories, including "The Variability of the Humors," "The Psychic Faculties," and "The Material Causes." A Latin translation of that work would be used in Europe as the standard medical textbook until the 17th century and is based primarily on the writings of Galen. He is also famous for his al-Shifa or Book of Recovery, a work written while accompanying Ala al-Dawlah into battle and in which he reveals his own adaptation of the philosophy of Aristotle. FTP, identify this 10th century Persian philosopher and physician, author of The Canon of Medicine.
Answer: Avicenna or Ibn Sina
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The generalized version is proved by defining a third function of a new variable t out of the original two functions. That version is also known as Cauchy's version and is useful to proving L'Hospital's Rule. Gauss's version uses an analytic function in an open ball shifted by a factor of r times e to the `i' theta integrated from zero to 2 Pi and then divided by 2 Pi. Consequences of it are that if F prime is zero on an open interval, then F is constant on that interval and if F prime is positive on an interval, then F is an increasing function. Sometimes called a stronger version of Rolle's Theorem, FTP, this is what theorem that states if F is continuous between a and b and differentiable between a and b, then F prime of c is equal to F of b minus F of a over b minus a.
Answer: Mean Value Theorem
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In severe cases of this disorder, acidic metabolites formed during the breakdown of fat can accumulate in one's bloodstream, threatening the victim by lowering their blood pH. This occurs as fat becomes the body's main substrate for cellular respiration, as glucose has become insufficient due to its excretion from the kidneys. Of this disorder's two major varieties, Type I is characterized by a destruction of beta cells in the pancreas while those with Type II generally are deficient in insulin. FTP, identify this endocrine disease that afflicts nearly 16 million Americans.
Answer: diabetes mellitus
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FIDE [fee-day] controlled this title until 1993 and it was finally reunified in October 2006, though the reunification match was almost abandoned after Topalov protested Kramnik's excessive use of the bathroom. Adolf Anderssen was an unofficial holder of this title, but it was first officially claimed by Steinitz. Soviet players like Tal, Petrosian and Botvinnik held this title from 1946 to 1972, when Boris Spassky lost it to a famously cantankerous American. FTP, name this international title which has been held by Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov and Bobby Fischer.
Answer: World Chess Champion (prompt on Grandmaster)
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Located three miles from the Bug (`boog') River, it was the smallest of the Nazis' extermination camps. It was dismantled and replaced with pine trees after an October 14, 1943, prisoner revolt led by Soviet POW Alexander Pechersky, in which over half of the camp's 600 prisoners successfully escaped, even though of those only 50 would survive the war. FTP, identify this camp, one of three secret extermination camps that were, along with Belzec and Treblinka, part of Operation Reinhard, the "final solution to the Jewish Question."
Answer: Sobibor
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1The name itself could be considered a misnomer because issues such as the national bank, the tariff, internal improvements, and the sale of public lands were being hotly contested. However, there was relative prosperity and Florida was purchased during this period. The actual phrase was introduced by Benjamin Russell in the Columbian Sentinel, a Boston newspaper, in 1817 which coincided with President Monroe's visit to the area. FTP, what is this phrase that describes the period of the presidency of Monroe and a short stint of only one political party in the United States.
Answer: Era of Good Feelings
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An early critic of this novel said that the smell of a pancake was a better reason for remaining in this world than all the hero's reasons for leaving it. That hero first meets his beloved while she is cutting bread for her younger siblings. By that point she is already engaged to Albert. The hero, whose historical model is Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem, is known for his blue coat and yellow breeches, and a number of readers supposedly emulated not only his costume but also the action he takes at the end of the book. FTP, name this epistolary novel which allegedly led to a series of copycat suicides, an early work of Goethe.
Answer: The Sorrows of Young Werther or Die Leiden des jungen Werther(s)
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When her friend wanted to marry a young captain, but the captain was offended by the friend, she devised a scheme for getting the two together which included spreading rumors about him so no other women would want him. In another episode, she is mistakenly accused of stealing from a rude tradesman. Pretending to be a respectable woman who is deeply offended, she threatens legal action, gets a lawyer from her governess, and settles for an apology, some silk clothes, and 150 guineas. At this point she has become the richest thief in England. FTP, name this woman who married five times, once unknowingly to her brother, and made a career of harlotry and repentance in a novel by Daniel Defoe.
Answer: Moll Flanders
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His interest in American themes was shown in his collections such as Young Adventure and The Ballad of William Sycamore. He attacked totalitarianism in Litany for Dictatorships and received a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for his unfinished epic Western Star in 1944. FTP, name this author of John Brown's Body.
Answer: Stephen Vincent Benet
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Xochitl, a performance based on Aztec mysticism was written by Ted Shawn especially for this woman. Her early works were inspired by a number of Freudian and Jungian themes, especially centered on ideas of the female figure, and included Primitive Mysteries and Three Gopi Maidens. In Letter to the World, she portrayed the life of Emily Dickinson, though her later ballets would explore life on the American frontier. FTP, identify this choreographer who collaborated with Aaron Copland on Appalachian Spring.
Answer: Martha Graham
2007 Florida SSI Bonuses by 6
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FTPE, name these X-Men.,
[10] The most popular and also most over-exposed X-Man is this short, hairy Canadian who loves beer and cigarettes and claims to be the best at what he does, although what he does isn't very nice. He's famous for his adamantium skeleton and claws.
Answer: Wolverine or Logan
[10] Perhaps the most hated X-Man, this rat bastard married a woman who looked just like his deceased true love, then abandoned her and their son when that true love came back to life. He has to wear a ruby quartz visor to control his optic blast powers.
Answer: Cyclops or Scott Summers
[10] Unquestionably the best X-Man, this cute Jewish dancer and computer expert from Deerfield, Illinois recently consummated her relationship with Peter Rasputin. She has also been a member of Excalibur and has the power to phase through solid objects.
Answer: Shadowcat or Kitty Pryde (accept Sprite or Ariel)
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FTPE, name the following about the planet Mars:,
[10] First, these are its two moons.
Answer: Phobos and Deimos (in any order)
[10] This is its highest point.
Answer: Olympus Mons
[10] This was the first spacecraft to successfully fly past the red planet.
Answer: Mariner 4
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FTPE, name these classic nonfiction works of Asian literature.,
[10] This central text of Confucianism probably reached its definitive form in the Warring States period. It consists of sayings and anecdotes recorded by Confucius's students.
Answer: Analects or Lun Yu
[10] This work by the Heian period court lady Sei Shonagon is a collection of miscellaneous material, including anecdotes and lists such as "Elegant Things" and "Surprising and Distressing Things."
Answer: Pillow Book or Makura no soshi
[10] Written by Lao Tzu, this text provides the outline of Taoism as it discusses such concepts as the wuwei, or the action of non-action.
Answer: Tao Te Ching
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Though legend holds that the leader only took a small force because he intended to go to his doom, a more likely account suggests it was merely poor planning due to the festival of Carneia. FTPE, identify:,
[10] The leader of that small force, who, as mentioned, led the band of 300 Spartans in the 480BC battle in which all but two lost their lives.
Answer: Leonidas
[10] Leonidas was fighting to hold this pass against the army of Persia, in order to delay their advance until the Spartan army was better prepared.
Answer: Thermopylae
[10] This treacherous Malian caused the defeat of Leonidas at Thermopylae by helping Xerxes find another route, and thereby outflank the Spartans.
Answer: Ephialtes of Trachis
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Given some works, identify the artist responsible for them for ten points. If you need additional works, you'll only receive five points:,
[10] The Loveletter, Girl with a Flute
Answer: Johannes Vermeer
[5] The Milkmaid, View of Delft
Answer: Johannes Vermeer
[10] The Overture to Tannhauser, Woman in a Green Hat
Answer: Paul Cezanne
[5] The Cardplayers, Mont Sainte-Victoire
Answer: Paul Cezanne
[10] Hippopotamus Hunt, The Garden of Love
Answer: Peter Paul Rubens
[10] The Raising of the Cross, The Descent of the Cross
Answer: Peter Paul Rubens
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At a height of nearly 8,600 meters, it is the third highest peak in the world. FTPE:,
[10] What is this mountain, the tallest in India, finally climbed in 1955 by an expedition led by Welsh educator and mountaineer, Charles Evans?
Answer: Kanchenjunga
[10] Evans was one of the leaders of the expedition that conquered this other peak two years earlier. Recently, it has become the subject of a new attraction at Disney's Animal Kingdom.
Answer: Mount Everest
[10] Kanchenjunga and Everest are both members of this Asian mountain range.
Answer: Himalayas
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FTPE, identify the following parts of a neuron:,
[10] The central part of the neuron, this bulbous body contains the cell nucleus.
Answer: Soma or perikaryon
[10] These are the cable-like projections that carry nerve signals away from the soma. They can be up to 1 meter in length and come in myelinated and unmyelinated varieties.
Answer: Axons
[10] Shorter than axons, these convey electrical signals toward the soma and are usually multiple and branching, hence their name from the Greek for "tree."
Answer: Dendrites
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Identify the following works of Henrik Ibsen from clues, FTPE:,
[10] Because it both is critical of the Victorian marriage standards and portrays Nora Helmer leaving her husband, this play was debuted in Germany, and not Ibsen's home country of Norway.
Answer: A Doll's House or A Doll House
[10] This Ibsen play was controversial in that it portrayed a woman who conformed to society's standards of morality, but had no protection against the venereal disease of her philandering husband.
Answer: Ghosts
[10] This was Ibsen's first play; it provides the prototype for such characters as Hedda Gabler and Halvard Solness of The Master Builder. It was written while Ibsen was studying Cicero's orations of this titular conspirator.
Answer: Catiline
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Name these cognitive biases from description, FTPE:,
[10] In this phenomena, observers believe that bad things happen to people for a reason that is their own fault. For example, the idea that women who have been raped probably acted seductively.
Answer: just world phenomenon
[10] The just world phenomenon fits under this umbrella term of cognitive bias, which states that people contribute behavior to personal disposition, and not to situational circumstances.
Answer: fundamental attribution error
[10] Much like groupthink, this cognitive bias, often found with winning sports teams, occurs when someone does something because they perceive other people doing the same thing.
Answer: bandwagon effect
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It was said that the only thing willed to this figure after his acclaimed father's death was a kazoo. FTPE:,
[10] Who was this slapdash composer of Iphigenia in Brooklyn, The Stoned Guest, and Fanfare for the Common Cold?
Answer: P.D.Q. Bach
[10] Described as a "Simply Grand Opera," this P.D.Q. Bach masterpiece combines both its title and its plot from two of Mozart's most famous works. In it, the titular character is kidnapped by the very bad Captain Kadd from the court of Count Alma Mater.
Answer: The Abduction of Figaro
[10] P.D.Q. Bach, along with his musical repertoire, is the invention of this musical satirist and renowned bassoonist, a former member of the chamber rock trio Open Window.
Answer: Peter Schickele
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FTPE, name these nonstandard units of measurement.,
[10] This unit is used to measure the amount of money in Scrooge McDuck's money bin. It is the three-dimensional version of a unit which is equal to 4,840 square yards.
Answer: cubic acre
[10] The Harvard Bridge measures 364.4 of these units plus one ear, as was determined after a certain MIT freshman was rolled head over heels from one end of the bridge to the other. This unit shares its name with one of the nameakes of a famous 1930 tariff.
Answer: smoot
[10] This unit, based on a famous line from Marlowe's Doctor Faustus, is defined as the amount of beauty sufficient to launch one ship.
Answer: millihelen
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FTPE, name these speeches from before the 20th century.,
[10] This most famous sermon of Puritan New England argues that God abhors you and it's only His grace that keeps you from dying right this minute. It was delivered in Enfield, Connecticut in 1741 by Jonathan Edwards.
Answer: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
[10] Shortly after achieving Enlightenment, the Buddha gave this oration in which he claimed that all things are consumed by the title thing. T.S. Eliot used the name of this speech as the title for part 3 of The Waste Land.
Answer: Fire Sermon
[10] Daniel Webster gave this speech in 1830 during a Senate debate over tariffs with the title person. In the speech Webster argues against nullification, praises New England, and ends with the famous maxim "Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable!"
Answer: Second Reply to Hayne
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Answer the following about mechanical properties of materials, FTPE:,
[10] This is the change in dimension per unit length when a force is applied to a material; for a substance that's elastic, this quantity forms a linear relationship with stress.
Answer: strain
[10] The slope of that linear relationship between stress and strain is commonly represented by a capital E and is known as this man's modulus, sometimes referred to as the modulus of elasticity.
Answer: Thomas Young
[10] If the relationship between the applied stress and shear strain rate of a material is linear, it is considered this, where the slope of the curve is defined as viscosity. Water and light oil are both examples.
Answer: Newtonian
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FTPE, name these short stories by everyone's favorite blind librarian, Jorge Luis Borges.,
[10] The narrator of this story is a fictionalized version of Borges himself. Its title refers to a point that contains all other points in the universe.
Answer: The Aleph or El Aleph
[10] The title of this story describes a view of reality in which all possibilities are true at the same time; it also refers to a labyrinthine Chinese novel that is based on this theory. Its principal characters are the spy Yu Tsun and the Sinologist Stephen Albert.
Answer: The Garden of Forking Paths or El jardin de senderos que se bifurcan
[10] This story is a survey of the literary work of a certain French scholar, whose greatest achievement was a partial rewriting of the exact text of a classic Spanish novel.
Answer: Pierre Menard, Author of Don Quixote or Pierre Menard, Autor del Quijote
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FTPE, identify these things related to the unification of Japan.,
[10] This daimyo was the first of the three leading figures in Japanese unification. He conquered most of Japan before being forced to commit suicide at the Honnoji Temple by his lieutenant Akechi Mitsuhide.
Answer: Oda Nobunaga (accept either)
[10] At this battle on September 15, 1600, a coalition army led by Ishida Mitsunari was defeated by Tokugawa Ieyasu, who thus became the first leader of a newly unified Japanese state.
Answer: Battle of Sekigahara
[10] Ieyasu and his successors were given this title, whose full form can be roughly translated as "barbarian-subduing generalissimo." This title was previously used by Minamoto no Yoritomo and Ashikaga Takauji.
Answer: Sei-i taishogun
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Answer the following about Buddhism, FTPE:,
[10] Meaning "Great Vehicle," this term refers to the branch of Buddhism practiced in such places as China, Korea and Japan.
Answer: Mahayana
[10] This famous text contains the "Parable of the Burning House," the prime example of a key Mahayana concept called skillful means.
Answer: Lotus Sutra
[10] Gautama Buddha was born at Lumbini in this Asian nation with present capital at Kathmandu.
Answer: Nepal
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Consider for a moment all of the national flags of the world. Given a description of a nation's flag, name the nation, FTPE. If you need their capital, you'll receive only five points.,
[10] A red flag with a gold five pointed star.
Answer: Vietnam
[5] Hanoi
Answer: Vietnam
[10] A light blue flag with a white five pointed star.
Answer: Somalia
[5] Mogadishu
Answer: Somalia
[10] A blue bar over a yellow bar.
Answer: Ukraine
[5] Kiev
Answer: Ukraine
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FTPE, name these terms from literary theory.,
[10] This term, in its narrowest sense, refers to a poem or part of a poem that describes an item of visual art. It is sometimes considered as an application of the maxim ut pictura poesis. The most famous example of it is the description of Achilles's shield in the Iliad.
Answer: ekphrasis
[10] This concept, created by Harold Bloom, is what a young poet experiences on reading the work of earlier poets. It creates a conflict, or agon, between the poet and his or her influences, forcing the poet to either copy those influences or use their work productively.
Answer: anxiety of influence
[10] This term, coined by Gerard Genette, refers to everything contained inside a book that is not part of the main body of the text, including covers, title pages, prefaces, etc. It represents a liminal, transitional space between the text and what is outside the text.
Answer: paratext
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Name these early art historians FTPE.,
[10] This Roman's The Ten Books of Architecture is the only surviving ancient treatise on architecture. He said that architecture must be durable, useful and beautiful, and Leonardo's famous drawing of a man inscribed in a square and a circle is named for him.
Answer: Vitruvius
[10] This Renaissance Italian was a working architect whose works include the fa├žade of S. Maria Novella. He is most famous for his treatise De pictura, in which he provided the first theory of linear perspective and explained his ideal of the istoria or history painting.
Answer: Leon(e) Battista Alberti
[10] A biography of Alberti appears in this man's Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects, a standard reference work on Italian art. This man was also an architect and painter and built the walkway from the Palazzo Vecchio to the Pitti Palace.
Answer: Giorgio Vasari
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Name the psychologist from clues, FTPE:,
[10] This man founded the first psychology lab in Germany and is best known for establishing both the experimental and cognitive branches of psychology.
Answer: Wilhelm Wundt
[10] The writer of this question portrayed this man in his girlfriend's video project for her high school psych class in March 2006. He is best known for conducting the infamous Stanford prison experiment.
Answer: Phillip Zimbardo
[10] This Austrian may be best known for his works Beyond Psychology and The Trauma of Birth.
Answer: Otto Rank

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