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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Florida SSI Tossups by 4
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According to tradition, when physicist Wolfgang Pauli was approached by the wife of Niels Bohr, he famously exclaimed, "I'm unhappy! I don't understand the anomalous [version of this]...effect!" That version occurs when nonzero spin exists for either the initial or final states of a particle in a weak field, as opposed to the normal version which applies to transitions between singlet states. In strong fields, it is referred to as the Paschen-Back effect, though it is classically named for the 1902 Dutch co-winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. FTP, identify this phenomenon which describes the splitting of spectral lines within a magnetic field.
Answer: Zeeman effect
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While editing this work, the decision was made to kill off Betsy Hale, Rowena, and Patsy Cooper by having them fall down a well and drown. Next the author killed off the conjoined Italian twins by falling in the same well. In the next revision, the twins became identical and move to the town of Dawson's Landing. In the final version of this work, Tom Driscoll and Valet de Chambers are switched shortly after birth by Chamber's mother, Roxy. FTP, name this novel whose title character got his name from making a dumb comment about killing half a dog, written by Mark Twain.
Answer: The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson and the Comedy of Those Extraordinary Twins
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The earliest extant manuscript of this was placed within the False Decretals, a 9th centruy collection of ecclesiastical legislation. It was inspired by "The Legend of St. Sylvester," a 5th century account that resurfaced during the coronations of Pippin and Charlemagne. Pope Leo IX was the first to cite it as an authority in an official act, and it continued to be referenced until 1440, when Lorenzo Valla proved it to be a forgery. Based on the conversion of a certain Roman emperor and his subsequent generosity towards the inheritors of St. Peter, FTP, what is this 8th-centruy document which gave vast amounts of power and territory to the Pope?
Answer: Donation of Constantine
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This work is a study in Gestalt psychology, most obviously illustrated by the highly contrasted image of a Dalmatian in the bottom right which is a common example of the principle of emergence. Other Gestalt images include a man in a green tie created by the repeated silhouettes of the Venus de Milo, and an image of the title character's defeated nemesis also derived from optical illusion. On display in St. Petersburg, Florida, FTP, identify this bullfighting scene, a massive work by Salvador Dali.
Answer: Hallucinogenic Toreador
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Many of these agents appear to gain their reputation through sympathetic magic?either through the imitative look of the object or in an attempt to capture the virility or aggressiveness of the source. The result is the poaching of many different animals including turtles, for their eggs, and tigers, for their penis. There is some debate as to whether the chemical phenylethylamine is responsible for these reported effects in chocolate, but its quick degradation upon entering the body means that only low concentrations reach the pituitary gland, where the stimulation of sexual activity takes place. FTP, give this term for any substance which arouses or increases carnal desire, derived from the name of the Greek goddess of love.
Answer: aphrodisiacs
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"When reason fails, the devil helps!" exclaims the protagonist in chapter six of this work, who was portrayed by Peter Lorre in the 1935 film of the same name. In it, Semyon Marmeladov's unexpected death results in a large endowment to his family that endears his daughter Sofya to the generous donator, a penniless student. Coincidentally, Sofya is the friend of Lizaveta, the simple sister of the pawnbroker, Alyona. It is this pair of sisters that is brutally killed with an axe by that student who believes himself to be a "superhuman" like his idol, Napoleon. FTP, name this Russian novel about Raskolnikov's murder of two women and his subsequent guilt, a work by Dostoevsky.
Answer: Crime and Punishment
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Like the alkali metals, this group displays regular trends in their physical properties; however, whereas melting and boiling points and heats of fusion and vaporization decrease down Group 1A, these properties actually increase down this group. The reason for this opposite trend is that elements in the group exist as diatomic molecules that interact though dispersion forces. This group also exhibits the largest range in electronegativity of any group, with fluorine having the largest value. With members including chlorine, bromine, and iodine, FTP, identify this group of elements possessing seven valance electrons and known as the salt formers.
Answer: halogens or Group 7A
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British travel writer Jonathan Raban once described this river as beginning "in the mountains of Turkey and [ending] in a brown bog at the neck of the Persian Gulf?it's the town drain of Asia Minor and one of the two oldest superhighways of the world. It is an Arab river with a Greek name, meaning `of good fellowship.'" FTP, what river was Raban describing, one that allowed Sumeria to prosper and formed the Cradle of Civilization along with the Tigris?
Answer: Euphrates
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This amendment has been used in the most Supreme Court cases since its addition. It is the second time an amendment has declared that "Congress shall have the power to enforce the provisions of this article" and it contains four other sections on various subjects. Section four discusses "debts incurred for payments of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion" and states that the United States will not pay them. Section two states that no one holding political office shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion and, FTP, Section one of this 1868 amendment gave citizenship to the freed slaves.
Answer: 14th Amendment
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In the article From Sarajevo to September 11, John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge argue that this was one of the reasons for Osama bin Laden's attack on the US. The term is usually attributed to a 1983 Harvard Business World article by Theodore Levitt, which he used to describe what was happening to Japanese electronics companies, among other things. In Benjamin Barber's work Jihad vs McWorld he demonstrates how it, along with tribalism, is changing the world today using the title example of McDonalds and other big corporations. FTP, name this economic concept, described in Thomas Friedman's The World is Flat, which consists of the series of changes that is causing the world to be more interdependent and integrated.
Answer: Globalization
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This structure contains the largest object ever lifted by people without mechanical aid. Charles Warren and Charles Wilson surveyed it in the 1860s, and its underground portions were opened to tourists in the 1980s following twenty years of excavations, which began after the Six-Day War when the site came back under Israeli control. It is currently divided into men's and women's portions, and visitors often leave slips of paper in its cracks. It started out as an unimportant structural feature, but gained independent significance after the building it supported was destroyed in 70 CE. FTP, name this wall of the Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism.
Answer: Western Wall or HaKotel (accept Wailing Wall)
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Of the three divisions of the alveolates, this group is characterized by internal plates of cellulose and a high concentration of carotenoids. Several thousands of species are known, with most being unicellular and photosynthetic, including the diatoms. They exist mainly in marine environments, where they can live in groups known as blooms which are occasionally characterized by high levels of lethal toxins and uniform pigmentation. FTP, identify these protists responsible for red tides whose primary mode of transportation is flagella.
Answer: dinoflagellates
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The title of this work was taken from a line penned by Ernest Dowson in a poem about a man's inability to forget his lost lover, Cynara. This is fitting, as one of the central motifs of this novel is alcohol abuse, especially as a tool to drown out one's pain as experienced in the wake of Bonnie's death, the daughter of the protagonist. That protagonist was born a spoilt Southern belle who witnesses a fall from grace as the Civil War sweeps through the south, forcing her to re-establish her family's estate, Tara, while she gets involved with the dashing Rhett Butler. FTP, name this Margaret Mitchell classic about the life and hardships of Scarlett O'Hara.
Answer: Gone With the Wind
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When Spanish Lieutenant Juan de Ayala discovered this location in 1755 he named it for the large flocks of pelicans found there. It currently houses one of the oldest operating lighthouses in the western United States, first erected in 1853 to facilitate the large volume of west coast shipping resulting from the sudden surge of the gold rush. The United States Department of Justice used the location until 1933 for military detainment, housing individuals like conscientious object Philip Grosser, who later wrote about his time there in "Uncle Sam's Devil Island." Officially logging zero successful escapes, FTP, name this island in San Francisco Bay home to a historic federal prison.
Answer: Alcatraz Island
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In the wake of WWII, this man went to study radio electricity in Paris but ultimately failed at his coursework, prompting a return to his home country where he joined Vietnamese forces attempting to overthrow the French. His success in that endeavor left him with a desire to overtake his home country by deposing King Norodom Sihanouk and establish a Communist government. He would later rise to the top of the guerilla unit CPK and ultimately seize power of his country in 1976 as the first prime minister of the Khmer Rouge. FTP, identify this political leader whose attempts to reform Cambodia resulted in nearly 2 million civilian deaths.
Answer: Pol Pot or Saloth Sar
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In Fortran, the standard collating sequence follows this scheme, allowing for intrinsic commands like ICHAR (eye-char) and CHAR to generate and manipulate strings. It can be divided into two 128-unit sets, either standard or extended, depending on the number of bits being assigned per code. The extended set is somewhat analogous to the rival EBCDIC system, which uses one byte per item. In the standard set, the first 32 values are designated for nonprinting characters, with a capital "A" given a value of 65 and its lowercase occurring 32 values later. FTP, name this standard code for information interchange between a program and a computer, often used for formatting text files.
Answer: ASCII
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This novel is said to have been inspired by a visit to Leicester University where the author's friend, Philip Larkin, once held a teaching post. Like Larkin, the protagonist is employed as a lecturer. Aware that his tenure could end at the end of the month, he decides to gives a lecture on "Merrie England" in order to win over his superior, Professor Welch. However, after drinking heavily as a result of a brawl with Welch's son, Bertrand, the protagonist botches the speech and is fired, yet at novel's end, he finds himself in a lucrative position under Gore-Urquhart. FTP, name this work about a fortunate man by Kingsley Amis.
Answer: Lucky Jim
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Losing his Bulgarian citizenship by fleeing to Paris, this man earned money by portrait painting, which he likened to prostitution. The works for which he is best known seek to prove the susceptibility of contemporary consumer society to external aesthetics while also providing new ways to see familiar landscapes and buildings. His first major project, Iron Curtain, was undertaken with his wife and fellow artist, Jeanne-Claude, and nearly resulted in this man's arrest for blocking a French street with oil barrels. FTP, identify this artist whose later works include Running Fence and Valley Curtain and who may be best known for wrapping the Reichstag.
Answer: Christo Javacheff
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They became known as the "Keepers of the Eastern Door" after the formation of the Iroquois confederation. They originally called themselves the Kanienkehaka, meaning "People of the Flint," perhaps from one of the gifts Sky Woman provided in their creation myth. Their traditional homeland includes area to the east of Vermont's Green Mountains and is bordered by the St. Lawrence to the north and their namesake river to the south which is the chief tributary of the Hudson. FTP, identify this Native American tribe who lends its name to a certain style of hair.
Answer: Mohawk
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In calculus, her name can be associated with the isoperimetric problem. Told to escape her homeland of Tyre in a dream from her murdered husband, the inhabitants of the region in which she lands agree to give her as much territory as can be encompassed by the hide of an ox. By cutting the hide into strips, she is able to surround the entirety of a nearby hill that would eventually be encountered on the journey of Aeneas, who would eventually witness the smoke rising from her funeral pyre. FTP, name this mythological queen and founder of Carthage.
Answer: Dido (also accept Elissa)
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The Inuit call him Attaniout Ikeneego, meaning "The Son of the Big Boss," but that's only in Canada. He is also known as the Earl of Carrick, but that title is rarely used. Among his other titles are Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Great Master and First and Principal Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, and, as known to most people, the Prince of Wales. FTP, identify this British royal, the next in line to the throne behind his mother, Queen Elizabeth II.
Answer: Prince Charles Windsor (prompt on Prince of Wales)
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If one receives less than seven on this test, then they are to be reevaluated every 5 minutes until 20 minutes have passed or until two successive scores of seven or greater are obtained. Scores on it are determined using five criteria, each of which award values from zero to two and are broken down into skin color, muscle tone, respiration, heart rate, and reflex irritability. Usually administered one to five minutes after birth, FTP, what is this medical rating procedure used to evaluate the condition of newborn babies?
Answer: Apgar Score System
2007 Florida SSI Bonuses by 4
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Answer the following about cancer---the disease, not the crab, FTPE:,
[10] This is the name given to malignant tumors derived from epithelial cells; this group includes the most common types of cancer.
Answer: carcinoma
[10] This is the stage of the disease in which cancerous cells are transported throughout the body by the lymphatic system.
Answer: metastisis (accept words forms)
[10] This is the term given to the modified gene or nucleotide set that codes for a protein which increases the malignancy of a tumor cell.
Answer: oncogene
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FTPE, name these Knights of the Round Table.,
[10] Based on a Welsh character named Peredur, this knight was transformed into his modern version by Chrétien de Troyes. His father is Pellinore and he is famous for his naivete and for being one of the three finders of the Holy Grail.
Answer: Sir Percival
[10] Apparently an original creation of Malory, this knight was a brother of Gawain, Agravaine and Mordred but lived for a year as a kitchen-boy in Camelot under the name Beaumains. He was accidentally killed by his beloved mentor Sir Lancelot.
Answer: Sir Gareth
[10] This knight appeared in the earliest Welsh romances as an ally of Arthur, along with Sir Kay. He was one of the last survivors of Arthur's final battle, and was famous for twice refusing to throw Excalibur into a lake before finally doing so.
Answer: Sir Bedivere
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Identify the following Union losses in the American Civil War, FTPE:,
[10] Confederate General PGT Beauregard led an army against Union Commander Irwin McDowell, and achieved a route of the Union when Thomas Jackson held the Confederate line on Henry House hill. Reporters and spectators from DC subsequently fled in panic, having expected a Union victory in this July 1861 battle.
Answer: 1st Bull Run (or the 1st Battle of Manassas)
[10] This December 13, 1862 Union loss saw Ambrose Burnside lead troops across the Rappahannock River into a slaughter by Lee's forces, which had the superior position. More than 13, 000 Union soldiers fell, compared to barely 5000 Confederates, and those remaining of Burnside's troops had to make the "Mud March" back across the Rappahannock.
Answer: Fredericksburg (or Marye's Heights)
[10] Hooker took a Union force of 134, 000 against Lee and Jackson's numerically inferior 60, 000 Confederate troops, in this May 1863 battle. A cannonball blast ripped through the house Hooker was in, knocking him unconscious and leading to a Southern victory, but at great cost—Jackson was shot by his own troops while on a reconnaissance mission and died several days later.
Answer: Chancellorsville
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Identify the following concerning the development of health care, FTPE:,
[10] This 2nd century Greek physician gained much experience in trauma and wound treatment from his work at a gladiator school, as well as developing many surgeries that would not again be performed for nearly two millennia, such as a well known treatment for cataracts.
Answer: Galen
[10] By the age of twenty, Galen had become an attendant in a local temple to this Greek demigod of healing and medicine.
Answer: Asclepius
[10] In the 1530's, this famed anatomist and physician began to translate many of Galen's Greek texts into Latin, before going on to pen his own masterpiece, On the Fabric of the Human Body, in which he describes mechanical ventilation.
Answer: Andreas Vesalius
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Identify the following concerning an American author, FTPE:,
[10] A lifelong abolitionist, he attacked the Fugitive Slave Law in his lectures, but remains best known for his works Walden and Civil Disobedience.
Answer: Henry David Thoreau
[10] Delivered in October, 1859, two weeks after the raid on Harper's Ferry, this essay by Thoreau espoused the fight for abolition.
Answer: "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
[10] This Thoreau essay chronicles a journey undertaken by Thoreau and Richard Fuller from Concord to the titular summit.
Answer: "A Walk to Wachusett"
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It was a brand new duralumin design, 245 m long, 41 m in diameter, and powered by four reversible 890 kW engines, with which it could reach a speed of 84 mph. Identify the following, FTPE:,
[10] Ironically similar in length to the Titanic, it could fortunately only hold up to 72 passengers and 61 crew members, and was carrying less than full capacity on May 6th, 1937.
Answer: LZ 129 Hindenburg
[10] This was the Naval Air Station at which the Hindenburg was trying to land when it was destroyed by a fire, made worse by the use of hydrogen as the lift gas.
Answer: Lakehurst Naval Air Station
[10] Founded in 1926, this German manufacturer provided the diesel engine for the Hindenburg, in addition to producing the Mercedes series of automobiles.
Answer: Daimler-Benz (do not accept Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, Mercedes-Benz, or DaimlerChrysler)
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FTPE, name these foods that are considered to be acquired tastes.,
[10] This disgusting-sounding dish, often served at Christmastime in Norway and Minnesota, is prepared by soaking whitefish in a solution of cold water and lye. It is the only food that Jeffrey Steingarten won't eat and is often made fun of by Garrison Keillor.
Answer: Lutefisk
[10] The most famous example of Korean cuisine, this food consists of fermented cabbage or radish seasoned with chili pepper and other spices. South Koreans supposedly say its name instead of "cheese" when taking photographs.
Answer: Kimchi
[10] This Southeast Asian delicacy is one of the world's most expensive fruits, and also one of the most dangerous, because of its thorny exterior. It's notable for its sweet taste and horrible odor, and eating it has been compared to eating vanilla custard in a latrine.
Answer: Durian
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Identify the following concerning a two act 1791 opera, FTPE:,
[10] This Masonic opera premiered in Vienna, with the character of Papageno portrayed by the librettist himself, and the role of the Queen of the Night going to the composer's sister in law.
Answer: The Magic Flute or Die Zauberflote
[10] The Magic Flute was composed by this man, also known for his Cosi fan Tutte and The Marriage of Figaro.
Answer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
[10] The German libretto to The Magic Flute was written by this man, also known for his performances in the FJ Moser theatrical troupe.
Answer: Emanuel Schikaneder
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One theory attributes it to pluralistic ignorance. FTPE:,
[10] What is this psychological effect which is sometimes attributed to a diffusion of responsibility that occurs in the presence of others?
Answer: bystander effect
[10] One of the most notorious instances of the bystander effect was the 1964 stabbing murder of this New York woman whose death was witnessed by 38 unresponsive onlookers.
Answer: Kitty or Catherine Genovese
[10] A possible curb to the bystander effect are these laws which are aimed to encourage citizens to assist during an emergency. Violators of them could face prosecution, as immortalized in the series finale of Seinfeld.
Answer: Good Samaritan laws
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Identify the following concerning a form of ionizing radiation, FTPE:,
[10] With wavelengths ranging from 10 to .01 nanometers, this type of radiation is most typically used for diagnostic radiography and crystallography.
Answer: X-rays
[10] X-rays are also sometimes known by the name of their discoverer, this scientist, who with the help of a later experiment also realized their visibility to the human eye.
Answer: Wilhelm Röntgen (pronounced Rent-ghin)
[10] In medicine, X-ray's can be administered in much lower doses to a patient through the use of these, electronic detectors, sometimes known as filmscreens, that use sodium iodide to convert X-ray photons to visible photons.
Answer: Scintillators
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Identify these Scandinavian music groups who are not ABBA, FTPE:,
[10] This Norwegian group performed the theme song for the James Bond film, The Living Daylights, but will always be known as a one-hit wonder with their 1985 song, "Take On Me."
Answer: a-ha
[10] Bjork got her first start as the lead singer of this Icelandic group, who had hits in the late 80s with the songs "Birthday" and "Motorcrash."
Answer: The Sugarcubes
[10] This Swedish group had hits in the early 90s with the songs "The Sign" and "Don't Turn Around."
Answer: Ace of Base
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FTPE, identify these ancient historians:,
[10] This Athenian general was exiled for his role in the fall of Amphipolis, and spent the next twenty years researching his History of the Peloponnesian War, which includes his version of Pericles's funeral oration. He was the founder of modern historiography.
Answer: Thucydides
[10] This Grand Historian of the Han Dynasty was sentenced to death for defending the disgraced general Li Ling, but chose to be castrated instead so he could live to finish his Shi Ji or Records of the Grand Historian, the greatest work of Chinese history.
Answer: Ssu-ma Ch'ien or Sima Qian
[10] Believed to have been exiled from Halicarnassus for conspiring against Persian rule, this Greek historian was the first to carry on research into events of the past and treat them in a logical rather than mythical manner.
Answer: Herodotus
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FTPE, name these Jewish holidays.,
[10] Otherwise known as the Sabbath of Sabbaths, this holiest day in the Jewish calendar occurs ten days after Rosh Hashanah. Rituals observed on this day include the prayer Kol Nidre, the blowing of the shofar, and a 25-hour fast.
Answer: Yom Kippur
[10] On this day, a man is supposed to get so drunk that he can't distinguish between "Blessed is Mordechai" and "Cursed is Haman." It commemorates the events of the Book of Esther and is celebrated with masquerades and the eating of hamentaschen.
Answer: Purim
[10] Supposedly, this was the date when the Israelites despaired of entering the Promised Land, as well as the date on which both Temples were destroyed. It is now a sad holiday dedicated to fasting and commemorating the various calamities of Jewish history.
Answer: Tisha B'Av
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Answer the following about a certain type of substance, FTPE:,
[10] These are any stable system of particles dispersed in another substance.  Examples include milk or smog.
Answer: colloids
[10] This type of colloid is characterized by a dispersed gas within a continuous liquid medium, analysis of which led to the discovery of the Weaire-Phelan structure.
Answer: foam
[10] This Scottish chemist's studies of colloids led to the discovery of dialysis.  He is also remembered for a namesake law of effusion.
Answer: Thomas Graham
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Situated in a region of forested rolling hills home to a number of resorts including Watkins Glen, there are eleven of them in total. FTPE:,
[10] What is this chain of long, narrow lakes located in central New York?
Answer: Finger Lakes
[10] This Finger Lake, the largest in area, is also the second deepest lake in the United States with a depth of 600 feet. It shares its name with a nearby town that was the birthplace of the women's suffrage movement.
Answer: Seneca Lake
[10] The western half of the Finger Lakes region was purchased in this 1790 land deal named for the two men who bought the area from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Answer: Phelps and Gorham Purchase
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FTPE, identify these terms from Aristotle's Poetics:,
[10] This term, usually opposed to diegesis, is often translated as "imitation." It refers to the way in which a poem simulates or represents imaginary characters and events so that the audience can relate to them. It is also the title of a book by Erich Auerbach.
Answer: mimesis
[10]For Aristotle, the goal of tragedy is to create this effect, which means "purification" or "cleansing" but is often left untranslated. It is the overwhelming experience of emotions, including pity and fear, that is produced by the climax of a tragedy.
Answer: catharsis
[10] This is the climactic moment at which a character comes to understand his own identity or the real nature of the situation, as when Oedipus realizes he's killed his dad and married his mom. It leads to peripeteia, or a reversal in the plot. You can give either the Greek word or the English translation.
Answer: recognition or anagnorisis
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Given the Super Bowl, name the winning team FTPE, or F5PE if you need the MVP:,
[10] Super Bowl XXIX (29)
Answer: San Francisco 49ers (accept either)
[5] Steve Young
Answer: San Francisco 49ers (accept either)
[10] Super Bowl III (3)
Answer: New York Jets (prompt on just New York)
[5] Joe Namath
Answer: New York Jets (prompt on just New York)
[10] Super Bowl XXXVI (36)
Answer: New England Patriots (accept either)
[5] Tom Brady
Answer: New England Patriots (accept either)
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Name the following battles of the Hundred Years' War given a brief description FTPE.,
[10] Henry V defeated the French in this 1415 battle on St. Crispin's Day.
Answer: Battle of Agincourt
[10] The longbow was first utilized in this 1346 battle which ended in a decisive English victory.
Answer: Battle of Crecy
[10] This 1429 battle was a French victory led by Joan of Arc, where there were supposedly barrels of fish in addition to the artillery, giving the battle its unusual name.
Answer: Battle of the Herrings
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Given works, name their Asian authors, FTPE:,
[10] "A Fishing Rod for my Grandpa" and Soul Mountain
Answer: Gao Xingjian
[10] The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle and Kafka on the Shore
Answer: Haruki Murakami
[10] Ghare Baire and The Post Office
Answer: Rabindranath Tagore

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