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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Florida SSI Tossups by 3
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Among this man's feats was dividing 15,000 prisoners into groups of 100 and blinding 99 of them, leaving the remaining man a single eye to guide the others home. That act may have given this son of Romanos II his nickname, since it marked the final defeat of Czar Samuel whose people he had waged a war on for nearly two decades. Their destruction gave way to peace in the west, allowing this Byzantine to concentrate on his Armenian campaigns. FTP, name this emperor popularly known as the "Bulgar-Slayer."
Answer: Basil II (accept Basil the Bulgar-Slayer before mentioned)
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Scientists are currently experimenting with the idea of using this element as a heat source for future space applications, as the half-life of its most common naturally occurring isotope lasts nearly 138 days. Through alpha decay, it can be produced from an atom of radon, while the same process will decompose this element into radioactive lead. Like selenium and tellurium, it is a rare 6A element, found mainly in trace amounts in the uranium ore, pitchblende. FTP, identify this radioactive element discovered alongside radium by the Curies used in late 2006 to poison former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko.
Answer: polonium
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His first name is said to be John in a film adaptation, yet no basis for this exists in the novel. He courts his infatuation, Trina, unknowing that he would find himself handcuffed to the corpse of her cousin?his best friend?at the novel's end. Unfortunately, once married, Trina becomes a miser, hoarding the two's lottery winnings in her bedroom before being beaten to death by her once-loving husband, a fate hardly imaginable when he met her in the dentist's chair. FTP, name this title character of a novel by Frank Norris about the titular dentist's descent into evil.
Answer: McTeague
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In a Neil Gaiman short story, Mrs. Whitaker finds this object under a fur coat. Originally described as a wide dish or bowl, it makes an early literary appearance in a romance in which the hero is punished for not asking about its significance. Some have connected it with the bottomless cauldron of the Dagda, as suggested by a vision in which it serves each knight of the Round Table with his favorite food. Sir Pelleas is once mentioned as having found it, but the usual list of the knights who achieved it includes Sir Bors and Sir Galahad. FTP, name this sacred vessel brought to Britain by Joseph of Arimathea, the cup Jesus drank from at the Last Supper.
Answer: Holy Grail or Sangrail
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The year before this work was created, its composer wrote Imaginary Landscape #4, a piece where a dozen radios are tuned to prescribed dial settings allowing for variations in location to create new experiences in every performance. The composer continued that idea of audio variety with this work, which was inspired by the paintings of Robert Rauschenberg. Written as a three movement piece for piano, each movement is given the direction to be played tacet as a way to aurally simulate Rauschenberg's empty white on white canvasses. FTP, name this composition by John Cage.
Answer: 4'33"
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Through crystalline polymers, this process is slower than through amorphous polymers which have no long-range order and an overall lower density. It is proportional to the concentration gradient of a substance and is related to a material's flux according to Fick's First Law. In the interstitial version of this process, no material vacancies are required for it to occur, thus allowing smaller atoms to navigate between the spaces of existing structural lattices. Historically, it was the subject of Thomas Graham's first important paper, in which he developed a namesake law governing its rate with respect to gases. FTP, name this process resulting from the random motion of particles moving from higher to lower regions of concentration.
Answer: diffusion
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A brand of pencils claims this as part of its name, as does the long hulled variant of the Essex class aircraft carrier. There are cruisers that go by this name, as well as a clipper ship and five ships of the USS variety. With a 2005 population of roughly 5,000, the New York town of this name sees over 90,000 tourists a year visiting the restored military fortress located there. Giving its name to both a steamboat that operates on Lake Champlain and a Fort formerly known as Carillon, FTP, identify this historic battle site.
Answer: Ticonderoga
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One Canadian man was killed last year doing it when he fell of the hood of his truck and struck his head on the pavement. California police have reported eight deaths in association with "sydeshows" where this action is common. This activity originates in the Hyphy culture of the Bay Area, but gained national popularity after it was mentioned in E-40's song "Tell Me When to Go" as a way of "going dumb" along with "puttin' your stunna shades on" and "shakin' them dreads" and is a playable feature in the Xbox 360 game, Pimp My Ride. FTP, name this action of putting a car in neutral, getting out and dancing around or on it.
Answer: Ghost riding the whip
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His most famous single work begins "The sun and the moon are eternal voyagers; the years that come and go are travelers too." That work recounts his tour of his homeland on foot in the company of his disciple Sora. The son of a petty samurai, he was originally called Munefusa but took his more famous name from a banana plant that grew outside his hut. He was a great composer of collaborative linked verse, or renga, but is more famous for poems written in a form that he raised to perfection, one of which goes "Old pond - frog jumped in - water sound." FTP, name this Edo-period Japanese poet, the greatest composer of haiku.
Answer: Matsuo Basho (accept Matsuo Munefusa on early buzz)
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All members of this classification lack peptidoglycan in their cell walls and have transcription and translation mechanisms are similar to those of eukaryotes. Carl Woese was the first to define them and suggested that they be put in their own domain separate from Eukaryota and Bacteria. Most often found in extreme environments, FTP, name this classification of organisms which is divided into three groups: methanogens, thermoacidophiles, and halophiles.
Answer: Archaebacteria (or Archaea)
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The supreme governing institution of this religion is the Universal House of Justice, a building resting along the slopes of Mount Carmel overlooking Haifa. Historically, it had prophesized that in 1863, a divine figure would appear, "him whom God should manifest." In that year in Baghdad, a man emerged claiming to be this figure. After achieving a substantial following, he would go on to compose the Kitab-i-Aqdas and Seven Valleys, two of the holy texts central to this faith which has nearly 6 million followers worldwide. FTP, what is this religion founded in 19th century Persia as the fulfillment of the prophecy of Mirza Ali Muhammad by the mystical prophet Baha'u'llah?
Answer: Baha'i
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In the Lay of Leithian, he turns into a wolf to battle Huan the Hound of Valinor and defeats Finrod Felagund in a singing contest. Because he had forgotten his real name, the Lieutenant of Barad-dûr, is known as the Mouth of him. He was originally a Maia of Aule and served as a lieutenant of Morgoth. At the end of the Second Age, Gil-galad and Elendil defeated him at the cost of their own lives, but Isildur refused to destroy his most famous possession, which thus came into the hands of Sméagol. His death resulted from the destruction of that item in the fires of Mount Doom. FTP, name this title character of Tolkien's Lord of the Rings.
Answer: Sauron (accept Gorthaur; prompt on Dark Lord or Lord of the Rings or Necromancer)
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Its former mayor Pape Diop is now the country's President of the National Assembly. Founded as a French fort, it became a town in 1857 when residents of the nearby island of Goree settled there. As the settlement grew, it became an important port city and in 1902 it became the capital of French West Africa, replacing Saint-Louis. In July of 2003, President Bush along with 700 security agents and bomb sniffing dogs visited this city, cutting down trees up to 100 years old in all places where Bush would be traveling for security reasons. Located on the Atlantic coast on the Cape Verde Peninsula is, FTP, this westernmost African city and capital of Senegal.
Answer: Dakar
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In a work by Grant Wood, one of this man's paintings can be seen suspended behind three elderly women. That painting was a second version, as a studio fire had damaged the first in 1850 while this artist was studying in Dusseldorf. In it, this artist depicted a number of figures navigating against floating ice. Also seen are two future US presidents, one a lieutenant supporting a flag and the other a general. FTP, identify this German-born painter of Washington Crossing the Delaware.
Answer: Emanuel Leutze
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The first settlement there was on Saint Croix Island in 1604, but it was moved a year later after a difficult winter and an outbreak of scurvy, further encroaching upon the lands of the Abenaki. Captured by the British in the course of King Williams War, it was returned to France before being recaptured and officially assimilated by the British in the Treaty of Utrect. As a result, the native French residents were given a year to declare allegiance to Britain, and those who didn't were expelled from Nova Scotia in the Great Upheaval. Given its name, meaning "land of plenty," by explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, FTP identify this French territory, the initial setting for Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Evangeline."
Answer: Acadia (Fr. Acadie)
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"Hashish in Marseilles" is one of his lesser-known works. He wrote a Habilitationsschrift on the origins of German tragic drama, but never held a regular academic post. The outdoor shopping malls of Paris were the subject of his most ambitious work, which was unfinished when he committed suicide in 1940, because he thought that his emigration from Spain would be blocked. FTP, name this German-Jewish critic associated with the Frankfurt School, whose works include the Arcades Project and "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction."
Answer: Walter Benjamin
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Gambling is encouraged during this time in honor of dice games played by Shiva and Parvati on Mount Kailasa.  In Bengal, the festival honors Kali, and in North India Rama, but the primary purpose is to bid the presence of Lakshmi, who is called by the lighting of earthenware lamps.  Lasting five days from the end of Ashvina to the beginning of Karttika, FTP, name this Hindu festival of lights.
Answer: Diwali or Dipavali
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In 1914, this activist was indicted for circulating The Woman Rebel, a magazine in which she attacked legislation surrounding the Comstock Law. Having been trained as a nurse at the White Plains Hospital in New York, her time around large numbers of the poor prompted her to eventually organize the first World Population Conference in order to bring awareness to potential Malthusian disaster. In an effort to curb over-active reproduction, she would establish both a Brooklyn clinic and an organization that would eventually become the Planned Parenthood Federation. FTP, identify this female crusader and founder of the American Birth Control League.
Answer: Margaret Sanger
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This writer is a close friend of Julio Ortega and Juan Goytisolo and holds a faculty position at Brown University. He is well known as a political commentator but is more famous for his novels, one of which imagines what happened to Ambrose Bierce after his disappearance. His most recent works include En esto creo and The Years with Laura Diaz but his greatest works include the magical realist novella Aura and another novel which tells a Mexican industrialist's life story through a combination of first-, second- and third-person narration. FTP, name this dean of Mexican novelists and author of The Death of Artemio Cruz.
Answer: Carlos Fuentes Macias
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In the Flood-Dresher experiment conducted at RAND, friends John Williams and Armen Alchian were used as the subjects in a system based on this. The computer program TIT FOR TAT won two tournaments hosted by Robert Axelrod in an attempt to uncover the best recursive strategy for it, though it was originally proposed as a one-time event that John von Neumann considered a provocative challenge to Nash equilibrium theory. In it, mutual cooperation proves to have the best net result, though common sense often causes one to defect. FTP, name this concept from game theory, whose best-known statement involves two captured criminals that are faced with the problem of confessing.
Answer: prisoner's dilemma
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Of the two subclasses, only the organisms of Digenea infect humans while Aspidogastrean forms only infect aquatic animals. All of the organisms are hermaphroditic except for those in the genus Schistosoma. All of the organisms also follow a similar life cycle beginning with the miracidia form penetrating an aquatic snail and ending with the metacercaria form encysting within the flesh of a secondary intermediate host or on vegetation, such as in the species Fasciola hepatica. FTP, name these types of flatworms which are often known to infect the liver.
Answer: Trematodes or Flukes
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Of those who had participated, 289 went to trial, 31 were imprisoned, 5 were executed, and the rest exiled. Many were members of societies like the Union of Salvation, the Union of Welfare, the Southern Society, and the Northern Society. It was the latter which had staged an easily suppressed uprising that demanded the accession of Constantine and a constitutional form of government which resulted in Colonel Prince Sergey Trubetskoy to flee persecution by Tsar Nicholas I. FTP, identify this unsuccessful 1825 revolt led by young Russian nobles that took place during a certain winter month.
Answer: Decembrist revolt
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James Fennimore Cooper's The Pioneers, Tennessee Williams' Period of Adjustment, Puccini's La Boheme, and Henry James' The Turn of the Screw all begin on this day which is marked by the attendance of the Misa de Gallo in the Philippines and the delivery of the Mass of the Vigil by the Roman Catholic Church. Historically, it is distinct as being the first night that New York's Macy's stayed open until midnight, likely as an accommodation for last minute shoppers. FTP, what is this December day known in Spanish as "La Nochebuena" and which happens to precede a certain winter celebration?
Answer: Christmas Eve (accept December 24th)
2007 Florida SSI Bonuses by 3
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Identify the following documents from US history, FTPE:,
[10] This not-so-secret document written in 1854 by three U.S. diplomats, including future president James Buchanan, described a plan where the United States would purchase Cuba for $130 million.
Answer: Ostend Manifesto
[10] This treaty marked the end of the Aroostook War, settling the border dispute between Maine and New Brunswick.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton Treaty
[10] George Mason penned this 16-article document which states that "all men are by nature equally free and independent," thereby directly influencing other important documents of the day.
Answer: Virginia Declaration of Rights
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Answer the following about American author, Tom Wolfe, FTPE:,
[10] Set in New York, this Wolfe novel describes the greed and selfishness encountered on Wall Street that consumes a Manhattan yuppie millionaire who becomes embroiled in the racial tensions of the time.
Answer: The Bonfire of the Vanities
[10] Mixing the techniques of reportage and fiction to create a memorable account of the psychedelic era, this Wolfe work recounts the cross-country shenanigans of Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters.
Answer: The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
[10] Wolfe was a major exponent of this style of journalism that arose in the 1960s and `70s which relied heavily on author creativity when retelling events. Despite being criticized as too impressionistic, its popularity eventually caught on with the writings of Norman Mailer and Truman Capote.
Answer: new journalism
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FTPE, identify these famous orators.,
[10] This most famous Attic orator supposedly trained by speaking with his mouth full of pebbles. He opposed Philip of Macedon in his Philippics and Olynthiacs, and defended his reputation against the attacks of Aeschines in his greatest speech, "On the Crown."
Answer: Demosthenes
[10] This three-time presidential nominee was known as the "Boy Orator of the Platte." He is most famous for his "Cross of Gold" speech opposing the gold standard at the 1896 Democratic national convention, and as the prosecutor in the Scopes Monkey Trial.
Answer: William Jennings Bryan
[10] This Native American orator was named for a garment he received as a gift from the British, but had another name which meant "He keeps them awake." His most famous speech is a reply to a missionary named Cram who requested to preach to the Senecas.
Answer: Red Jacket or Sagoyewatha
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One of the best known paintings of all time, this poplar wood masterpiece is a major showcase at the Louvre. FTPE:,
[10] What is this famous portrait of a smiling woman by Leonardo da Vinci?
Answer: Mona Lisa (or La Giocanda)
[10] This painter of Nude Descending a Staircase painted a parody of the Mona Lisa, entitled L.H.O.O.Q. which shows the subject with a goatee and moustache.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
[10] Another painter who created a work featuring the Mona Lisa was this Russian suprematist whose other works include Black Square and White on White.
Answer: Kazimir Malevich
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Ken Jennings once claimed that his three-year old son couldn't pass this after the youngster had stated that "crime tastes like oranges." FTPE:,
[10] What is this test which examines the capability of a machine to perform human-like conversation?
Answer: Turing test
[10] The Turing test was first introduced in this 1950 paper in which Alan Turing famously declared that "we can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done."
Answer: "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"
[10] A man who receives and returns foreign symbols without actually knowing what they mean is the subject of this thought experiment by John Searle which argues against the Turing test.
Answer: Chinese room
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It is exhibited by such metals as aluminum, titanium, and copper alloys. FTPE:,
[10] What is this type of magnetism that results from the temporary alignment of dipoles due to a weak magnetic field?
Answer: paramagnetism
[10] Materials that are ferromagnetic tend to behave like paramagnets once they are heated beyond this threshold temperature. It was discovered in 1895 by a namesake French physicist.
Answer: Curie temperature
[10] This is the type of loop traced out by magnetization in a ferromagnetic material as the magnetic field is cycled. It is characterized by a lag in the response of dipole realignment once the induced field has been removed.
Answer: hysteresis
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Her first major novel, Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book explores the issues of Chinese-Americans in society. FTPE:,
[10] Who is this female author whose other works include The Fifth Book of Peace and Through the Black Curtain?
Answer: Maxine Hong Kingston
[10] This memoir is Kingston's best known work. Its sections include "A Song for a Barbarian Reed Pipe" and "At the Western Palace."
Answer: The Woman Warrior
[10] Kingston was a fan of this American poet, who was the basis for her protagonist in Tripmaster Monkey. He may be best remembered for the poems "I Sing the Body Electric" and "Song of Myself."
Answer: Walt Whitman
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His time in Africa provided the inspiration for a number of his writings. FTPE:,
[10] Who is this author of Lost World literature, whose works include Ayesha, Montezuma's Daughter, and Eric Brighteyes?
Answer: Henry Rider Haggard
[10] Perhaps Haggard's best known work is this novel about an English explorer trying to find a lost man among the ruins of a wise and legendary monarch. That explorer is aided in his search by Ignosi, the rightful king of Kukuanaland.
Answer: King Solomon's Mines
[10] The protagonist of King Solomon's Mines, this character lends his name to that work's sequel. He was portrayed on the silver screen by Sean Connery in the classic film, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen.
Answer: Allan Quartermain
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FTPE, name these characters from Doonesbury.,
[10] No one knows what his initials stand for, but he was based on a quarterback at Yale. This former roommate of Mike fought in the Vietnam War and both Gulf Wars and has recently started to appear without his trademark helmet, after losing a leg in battle.
Answer: B.D.
[10] Otherwise known as Viscount St.-Austell-in-the-Moor-Biggleswade-Brixham, this asexual, pot-addicted, chronically unemployed hippie was an internationally famous suntanner and has also been the live-in nanny for Mike and J.J.'s daughter Alex.
Answer: Zonker Harris
[10] Zonker's uncle is this bald, bespectacled Hunter S. Thompson lookalike who has been the governor of American Samoa, the general manager of the Washington Redskins, and an unsuccessful presidential candidate. His sidekick is Honey Huan.
Answer: Uncle Duke
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FTPE, identify the following fabrics from short descriptions:,
[10] This soft, easy to spin fabric derives its name from an archaic spelling of a disputed region between Pakistan and India.
Answer: Cashmere
[10] This finely woven cotton fabric sometimes associated with femininity derives its name from an Iraqi city, even though it originated in Dhaka in modern-day Bangladesh
Answer: Muslin
[10] Also called Hessian cloth or sack cloth, this heavy fabric is made of jute and allied vegetable fibers.
Answer: Burlap
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Identify the following sociological theories FTPE.,
[10] This jointly named theory asserts that social stratification is a universal pattern, because it has beneficial consequences for the operation of a society.
Answer: Davis-Moore thesis
[10] This hypothesis puts forth that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language. It was originally based on observations of the Hopi Indians.
Answer: Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (also accept Whorf-Sapir hypothesis)
[10] This theory puts forth that a subject's behavior changes based on the awareness of being studied. Tiki Barber once famously cited it with reference to new coaching staff at the NY Giants.
Answer: Hawthorne effect or theory
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One of the most infamous of these phenomenon occurred at the Battle of Iuka by a northerly wind which prevented Ulysses Grant from hearing the sounds of combat. FTPE:,
[10] What is this term for an area in which some frequency regions become so attenuated that they are nearly inaudible?
Answer: acoustic shadow
[10] Acoustic shadows can often be caused by this type of effect in wave propagation as sound waves pass around obstructions, causing a redistribution of energy within the wave front.
Answer: diffraction
[10] In the short story, "Silence Please," this science fiction author introduced an improbable device that functions by blocking sounds using an acoustic shadow; he may be best remembered for the classic 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Answer: Arthur C. Clarke
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FTPE, identify these novels that employ unusual structural features.,
[10] This novel by Laurence Sterne is about the life and opinions of a certain gentleman. It features two completely black pages, chapters consisting of only two or three lines, and an Author's Preface that occurs in Volume 3, Chapter 20.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
[10] This Julio Cortázar novel, whose protagonist is Horacio Oliveira, can be read in two different ways: either by reading the first 56 chapters sequentially, or by reading all 155 chapters according to a nonlinear order provided at the beginning of the novel.
Answer: Hopscotch or Rayuela
[10] The protagonist of this Italo Calvino novel is known simply as the Reader. Every other chapter of the novel reproduces the first chapter of a novel that the Reader starts to read but is somehow prevented from finishing.
Answer: If on a winter's night a traveler or Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore
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Twelve delegates from five states met to call for a constitutional convention. Identify the following about that meeting, FTPE:,
[10] Formally known as the Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government, this 1786 gathering sought to overcome barriers limiting trade and commerce between states.
Answer: Annapolis Convention (1786)
[10] Name any of the four states who had appointed commissioners for the convention, without having any of them arrive in time to participate.
Answer: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, North Carolina
[10] Of the delegates who actually did attend was this Virginian, who later went on to serve as Governor of that state, as well as Secretary of State and the first Attorney General.
Answer: Edmund Jennings Randolph
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Answer these questions about statistics, FTPE.,
[10] This is the test that determines the "goodness of fit" between two qualitative variables. It is the summation of an observed value minus its expected value squared.
Answer: Chi-squared test
[10] This is a graphic representation of the distribution of data. If the data is normal, it will look like a bell.
Answer: Density curve (prompt on partial answer)
[10] The Empirical rule states that if the distribution is normal, this amount of data will be contained within three standard deviations from the mean.
Answer: 99.7%
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Answer the following about molecular geometry, FTPE:,
[10] Of the fourteen types of Bravais lattice structures for crystalline systems, this is the most efficient cubic structure, having a packing factor of 0.74 and a coordination number of 12.
Answer: FCC or face-centered cubic
[10] This is the system of directions used as a shorthand notation to describe locations in a unit cell of a molecular lattice. The process for determining them involves applying a right-handed coordinate system to create an indicial vector, clearing any resulting fractions, and enclosing that result in square brackets.
Answer: Miller indices
[10] In VSEPR models, this is the shape taken when two atoms bonded to a central atom are 180 degrees apart; an example is BeF2.
Answer: linear
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Given the assassin or attempted assassin, give their target, FFPE:,
[5] John Wilkes Booth
Answer: Abraham Lincoln
[5] Leon Czolgosz
Answer: William McKinley
[5] Col. Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg
Answer: Adolf Hitler
[5] Mehmet Ali Agca
Answer: Pope John Paul II (prompt on the Pope)
[5] Arthur Bremer
Answer: George Wallace
[5] Ramon Mercador del Rio
Answer: Leon Trotsky
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Names these avatars of Vishnu, FTPE:,
[10] The subject of a Hindu epic, this avatar joins with Hanuman in a quest to rescue his beloved Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Answer: Rama (also accept Ram or Ramachandra)
[10] After the Great Flood, Vishnu assumed the form of this tortoise avatar upon whose back a mountain was placed.
Answer: Kurma
[10] The tenth and last incarnation of Vishnu is this being, which will come from the sky upon a white horse and wreak final destruction upon the wicked, thus ending the current Kali Yuga.
Answer: Kalki or Kalkin
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Name these famous mathematical inequalities FTPE:,
[10] This very basic, yet useful, inequality says that the absolute value of a sum is always less than or equal to the sum of the individual absolute values.
Answer: Triangle Inequality
[10] For the case of two real numbers x and y it states that one half the sum of x and y is greater than or equal to the square root of x times y.
Answer: Arithmetic Mean--Geometric Mean Inequality
[10] The triangle inequality follows this inequality, for two vectors it says that the magnitude of their inner product is less than or equal to the product of their magnitudes.
Answer: Cauchy-Schwartz Inequality or Cauchy Inequality or Schwartz Inequality
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Given a monarch, identify his or her successor, FTPE:,
[10] England's Elizabeth I
Answer: James I
[10] Russia's Peter I
Answer: Catherine I or Catherine the Great
[10] Sweden's Gustavus II Adolphus
Answer: Christina I

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