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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Rutgers
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When one character in this work is asked whether he believes in the crucifixion, he qualifies his response by noting "that chickens are roughly egg-shaped" and he's been raised in an "Episcopal cruciform box." In order to get a real estate deal for an airport, the work's protagonist gives $1000 to the town drunk, Danny Taylor, so that he will drink himself to death. The protagonist's daughter Ellen tips off the "I Love America" essay committee about her brother, Allen, who plagiarized Henry Clay. Upon seeing the talisman in his pocket, the protagonist decides against suicide at his seaside grotto, after he failed to pull off a bank heist next to the store he inherited from his boss, Alfio Marullo, whom he reported on immigration charges. Telling of the moral decay of Ethan Allen Hawley, this is, FTP, what novel by John Steinbeck, which takes its name from the opening line of Richard III?
Answer: The Winter of Our Discontent
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This model was generalized to two-product systems with any number of intermediates by Bloomfield, Peller, and Alberty. King and Altman laid the groundwork for Hill's diagram method for this model. It is extended into a two-state system by the Goldbeter-Koshland formula, and the Hill equation measures a factor that leads to deviations from this model. The Hanes-Woolf plot is an attempt to linearize this model, which invokes quasi-steady-state conditions set out by Briggs and Haldane. In other linearizations, the even weighting of the Eadie-Hofstee diagram is preferred to the uneven weights implicit in the double-reciprocal Lineweaver-Burk plot. FTP, name this model which gives initial reaction rate as equal to maximum rate times substrate concentration over a constant plus substrate concentration.
Answer: Michaelis-Menten-Henri kinetics
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The claims of one side in this conflict were recognized at the First Diet of Speyer. The leaders of the other side often carried a flag depicting a tied shoe, referring to a prior movement that opposed the count of Armagnac. Their plan of action was expressed in the "Federal Ordinance" and a document which called for the abolition of the Todfall death tax, known as the Twelve Articles. The Duke of Helfenstein was forced to "run the gauntlet" in the infamous Weinsberg Massacre during this conflict, after which thousands were decimated at the Battle of Frankenhausen. Partially inspired by the "vanguard of true believers" set up at Muhlhausen by Thomas Muntzer, this war prompted a tract by Martin Luther against its namesake "murderous, thieving hordes." FTP, name this 1524-26 uprising of the German lower classes.
Answer: German Peasants' War (or Deutscher Bauernkrieg; do not accept "Peasants' Revolt")
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The most northerly confirmed site of this culture was Aztalan, which has been associated with cannibalism because of its lack of mortuary artifacts. Barton Incised pottery and Nodena arrows are associated with its late site at Parkin, which may have been the capital of Casqui. Its other characteristic artifacts include ovate hoes produced with Mill Creek chert. The spread of its iconic motifs, such as the paisa - a creature featuring bird, snake, and cat features - and the chunkey player are evidence for its Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Sites such as Spiro are associated with the Caddoan subtradition, the westernmost advance of this culture, whose other noteworthy sites include Kincaid, Etowah, and one home to the Monk's Mound. FTP, name this culture associated with Cahokia, a Native American mound-building society centered along its namesake river.
Answer: Mississippian Culture (prompt on "Mound-Builders" and similar answers)
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The second act of this opera features the performance of "Comme autrefois dans la nuit sombre," a solitary cavatina recalling a past experience. Another character sings the aria "Je crois encore entengre," or "I Hear as in a Dream," at the sight of a woman who wears a necklace given to her by a fugitive, which she reveals after making a prayer to Brahma. More famous is the opening-act aria "Au fond du temple saint" sung as a duet of friendship in this work, first performed at the Theatre Lyrique with libretto by Eugene Cormon and Michel Carre. In the end, the camp is set on fire by Zurga to save his beloved Leila, which runs afoul of the high priest Nourabad. FTP, name this three-act opera by Georges Bizet, set at a beach in Ceylon.
Answer: The Pearl Fishers (Les Pecheurs de Perles)
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In one essay, this author asks "When the Furniture is Talking, how Can You Sleep?" - in another essay, he discusses the "Joys of Degradation" in Dostoyevsky's Notes Form the Underground. A craftsman in one of his works laments that the faces in his city are unsuitable for the creation of mannequins, and a prince laments that it's impossible for him to do anything but die or go mad. In another work, a man is obsessed with his poor cousin, a salesperson at a clothing boutique, who purposely crashes his car into a tree and dies. A production of Thomas Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy sees an actor in another work stage his own death, after agreeing to release a man named Blue. This author of the collection Other Colors also wrote of an Italian scholar captured by pirates en route to Naples, and enslaved by his double Hoja. FTP, name this author of The Black Book, The White Castle, and Snow, a modern writer from Turkey.
Answer: Orhan Pamuk
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This man names a result where the removal of a countable set from the two-sphere results in three congruent subsets A, B, and C that are also congruent to B union C, this man's paradox. With Baker and Campbell, he names a formula that gives Z if Z is equal to the log of e to the X times e to the Y, if X and Y do not commute. Also called the Kuratowski lemma, his earlier formulation of Zorn's lemma is called his maximality principle. A form of convergence also named for Gromov is based in part on the distance between two subsets of a metric space, which is named for him, and another concept named for him may be estimated by Frostman's lemma. FTP, give this namesake of a kind of space separated by the T2 [T-2] condition, where there exists a neighborhood that includes one of two distinct points, as well as a quantity equal to two for the Mandelbrot set.
Answer: Felix Hausdorff
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Although the use of this amendment was watered down by cases like Robertson v. Baldwin and Butler v. Perry, the same era witnessed it used to strike down a law in Bailey v. Alabama. Potter Stewart used this amendment as the basis of his controversial decision in Jones v. Mayer, which empowered Title 42, Section 1982 of the U.S. Code. This amendment's language resulted from a combination of the proposal of James Wilson with that of James Ashley and John Henderson. Its text was based on a portion of the Northwest Ordinance, and much of its jurisprudence concerns "badges and incidents." Discussed extensively in the Peonage Cases, it was explicitly expanded to Mexican and Chinese labor by the Slaughterhouse Cases. FTP, name this amendment ratified shortly after the Civil War, which bans slavery.
Answer: Thirteenth Amendment
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In one myth, this figure eases the labor pains of the Maid-of-the-Moon, or the "Cow of Sin," by employing his daughter, a demon named Lamashtu. He was said to have created the brick god Kullu and he is the father of seven demons called the Utukki. In another story, this figure denies immortality to Adapa, after he refuses the food of life offered by this deity. The special stones of this god were objects of Gilgamesh's misplaced affections in dreams which portended the coming of Enkidu. In Hurrian tradition, this deity's son Kummarbi bites off his penis, and is impregnated as a result of that act. In Babylonian myth, this son of Anshar and Kishar is often said to send the Bull of Heaven against Gilgamesh on behalf of his daughter Ishtar. FTP, name this member of a triad with Enlil and Ea, the Mesopotamian god of the sky.
Answer: Anu [or An or Anum or Anos]
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The south transept of one chapel in this building contains the deposition and entombment frescoes of Pietro Lorenzetti, and the same chapel features episodes from the life of St. Martin by Simone Martini, along with his portraits of Louis of France and others. The F.M. Perkins collection is housed in the Sacro Convento attached to this building, which according to Vasari was originally constructed with a secret third section underground. Elias of Cortona may have been responsible for hiding the tomb of its namesake. Its lower church contains a Cimabue fresco showing St. Dominic and two angels flanking a seated Madonna and Child. The upper basilica features 28 panels depicting scenes from the life of this building's namesake, such as his stigmata and sermon to the birds. FTP, name this important pilgrimage site, an Italian basilica dedicated to the founder of the Friars Minor.
Answer: Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi [or Basilica di San Francisco d'Assisi]
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This athlete was once videotaped holding a cigar in his mouth emerging from the Mecklenburg County Jail after a DUI, before which he'd caught fire for referring to teammates by racial slurs as a means of bonding. He was picked up in 1998 by the New Orleans Saints, but benched after 7 games in favor of Danny Wuerffel and Billy Joe Tolliver. With his next team, he came in as the backup to Kent Graham but was quickly promoted. He was the first player drafted in the history of the Carolina Panthers, taken fifth in 1995, after an undefeated collegiate season which saw him throw to teammates like Kyle Brady and hand the ball to Ki-Jana Carter. His appearance in the Super Bowl saw him throw four interceptions and lose to opposing QB Trent Dilfer of the Baltimore Ravens. FTP, name this former Penn State quarterback who now starts ahead of Vince Young for the Tennessee Titans.
Answer: Kerry Collins
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Mark Womack authored an essay "on the value of" this poem, which Arthur Barker argued is composed of three separate but parallel movements. Its final passage refers to the "uncouth Swain" who "touch'd the tender stops of various Quills," and appears to introduce a new narrator in ottava rima. Earlier, the poet refers to the "fair Guerdon when we hope to find and think to burst out into sudden blaze" before speaking of the "blind Fury with th' abhorred shears" who "slits the think spun life." More famous passages refer to the "two-handed engine" which may represent a sword and the "Pilot of the Galilean lake." Opening "yet once more, O ye laurels, and once more ye myrtles brown," this self-described monody was written on the death of Edward King by drowning on the Irish Seas. FTP, name this elegy for a dead shepherd by John Milton.
Answer: Lycidas
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One attempt to model this phenomenon involves a Schrodinger analogue called the Wheeler-deWitt equation, as well as a set of variables that employ an SU(2) gauge field, and its complement named for Ashtekhar. A unification of this force with electromagnetism has only been developed to one plus one dimensions and involves a particle called the dilaton. Models requiring the carriers of this force work on tree and one-loop diagrams, but additional loops in Feynman diagrams result in ultraviolet divergence. These objects, under string theory, would be able to move between branes. FTP, name this force, whose bosons are predicted by string theory to be closed strings and which quantum theory knows to be spin-two, the weakest of the fundamental forces, since it varies with the inverse square of distance, the product of masses, and a tiny coefficient G.
Answer: gravity
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The characteristic pottery style of these people is marked by Yahudiya-style jugs, and one vase traced to them bears the name of a princess Herit. One source says that their leader once sent a messenger to say that their citizens could not sleep in the day or the night because of noise at the eastern canal. They often patronized the temple at their site of Gebelein in the south, under their second ruler Yaqub-Har. He succeeded their first king Salitis, or Sheshi, whose seals indicate that they were allied with the kingdom of Kerma. Their longest-reigning king, known as the "Prince of Retenu," ruled from their capital at Avaris. That ruler went by the name Apepi and had his defeat recorded in stelae erected by Khamose. FTP, name this powerful group of the Second Intermediate Period whose name translates as "kings of foreign lands," and who dominated the Nile delta.
Answer: Hyksos [or Hekaw-Khasut]
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Based on gestural data and the words nayra and q''ipa, this concept has been said to be regarded by speakers of Aymara as behind the self. In Arabic, this grammatical category is expressed with the particle sawfa or the morphological affix sa-. In Modern Greek, it is marked by the use of a particle, tha, derived from thelo, while in Ancient Greek, it was derived from a short-vowel variant of the subjunctive. In many Romance languages, this grammatical category developed from a left-branching construction semantically limited to expressions of obligation and consisting of an infinitive + habeo. In the majority of Spanish-speaking contexts, the morphological expression of this concept has greatly decreased in favor of a periphrastic construction using the modal verb ir. FTP, name this mood-tense verbal category which is expressed in English with the modals shall or will.
Answer: futurity (accept word forms)
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A treatise on the technique for this instrument was written by Evelyn Rothwell, whose husband John Barbirolli wrote a concerto for it using themes of Pergolesi. It introduces a fugue in C which represents God in Stravinsky's Symphony of Psalms, and the refrain of the rondo finale from a concerto for this instrument was re-used in the aria "Welch' Wonne, Welch' Lust" from The Abduction from the Seraglio - that concerto was reworked by Mozart into his Flute Concerto in D major. An exchange between a shepherd and shepherdess is represented by two of these in Symphonie Fantastique. This instrument represents birds in the triplet opening of Delius's On Hearing the First Cuckoo of Spring, as well as in The Four Seasons and the Danse Macabre by Saint-Saens where it depicts a roosters' show. FTP, name this instrument which also represents a duck in Peter and the Wolf.
Answer: oboes
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In one scene, the title character declares that he has eyes like stone and that no one in his family can cry as a result, but he offers to help his friend by shouting out "Woe!." Later, that friend says that the fun of being a lover lies in acting like a fool and begs the title character to give him that pleasure. The prologue is noted for its brevity, declaring that the audience should take advantage of the brief pause to stretch their legs, because this work is its author's longest. One character adopts the pseudonym Syrus after promising another that he would cheat him of all of the money that he needs and then tricking Harpax into giving him a letter with an important seal. The reading of a letter at the beginning reveals that the pimp Ballio has sold the central female to a Macedonian general, but the title character sets out to help his master Calidorus rescue his love. FTP, name this play by Plautus, named after a character whose name is Greek for "liar."
Answer: Pseudolus
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This movement was foreshadowed seven years earlier by a group called the "Company of the Caterpillar," or the Bruco. An early version of the movement may have been recognized by the Duke of Athens, Walter of Brienne, though the Duke and his men originally used its name to refer to worthless subjects. This group's formation was often seen as divine retribution for the War of the Eight Saints, which concluded in the same year. Their request for participation in government was formalized by a declaration at Ronco. Shortly thereafter, Michele de Lando was awarded the office of gonfaloniere, though this group would soon be defeated at the Piazza della Signoria. FTP, name this revolutionary group of disenfranchised wool-workers, who controlled Florence as part of a certain "tumult" in 13
Answer: Ciompi
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The L1 ligase one of these objects was developed by Robertson and Elington. One of these objects creates a five prime lariat cap, increasing the half-life and therefore the fitness of a homing endonuclease. That object occurs in the gene I-DirI and is called the GIRI branching one. One of these objects is found in tobacco ringspot virus and is called "hairpin," and the B61 one of these can add twenty nucleotides to a primer template before decomposing. The best known of these has invariant positions G12 and G8 serving as general base and general acid and can cleave between one base and an A, C, or U base. Many of these entities require divalent metal cofactors like magnesium, and most of them conduct their own hydrolysis or hydrolysis of similar structures, like the best-known Hammerhead one. FTP, name this class of RNA enzymes.
Answer: ribozyme
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One thinker with this last name explains why it's impossible for a penny to have two different diameters in his essay "Logic Without Ontology," and collected other essays in his book Sovereign Reason. He presents four patterns of explanation - the teleological, genetic, probabilistic, and deductive - and he writes that that the clash between instrumentalist and realist "views of theory" is simply a conflict over "preferred modes of speech." Along with James Newman, he authored the book Godel's Proof, and he collaborated with his teacher Morris Raphael Cohen on another work, but he's best known for the 1961 book The Structure of Science. Another thinker with this last name provides a "very short introduction to philosophy" in his book What Does It All Mean?, and elsewhere explains how humans come to adopt a perspective he calls the "View From Nowhere." FTP, give the surname of the author of The Possibility of Altruism, or the surname of Austrian-born philosopher of science Ernest, the former of whom asked "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
Answer: Nagel (accept Ernest Nagel or Thomas Nagel)
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This event was inspired by the similar "Fala Episode" eight years earlier. It prompted a rally in Wheeling, West Virginia, which was noteworthy for the quote, "You're my boy", and followed an investigation by Price Waterhouse. This event was prompted by claims that $18,000 had been misappropriated through a shady campaign finance committee, and it featured accusations leveled at John Starkman for having his wife on his Senatorial payroll. It called for Adlai Stevenson to acknowledge his financial supporters and referred to the "respectable Republican cloth coat" of the wife of the speaker, whose whistle-stop tour through California was suspended. FTP, name this 1952 speech by Richard Nixon, which takes its name from "a little cocker spaniel dog."
Answer: Checkers Speech
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In his discussion of the prophet Yunus, Ibn Taymiyyah describes this section as proof of its author's sidq and al-risalah, or truth and messengership. It is known as the Gharaniq because of its comparison of Al-Lat, Al-Uzza, and Manat to cranes or other birds. This passage was found in the Surah of the Star and allegedly made prayer to those goddesses acceptable, resulting in temporary cessation of persecution by the Quraysh. Their authenticity has been rejected due to modern conceptions of isnad and `ismat al-anbiya, the latter of which is taken to suggest infallibility. FTP, name these passages which, possibly at the command of Gabriel, were expunged from the Quran and now lend their name to a Salman Rushdie work.
Answer: Satanic Verses [accept "Gharaniq Verses", "Qissat al-Gharaniq", "Story of the Cranes", "Bird Verses", or similar answers before they are mentioned]
2009 FIST Bonuses by Rutgers
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Answer the following about a philosophical thought experiment, FTPE.,
[10] This mythical craft first mentioned by Plutarch is often used in discussions of identity, as it is constantly repaired over the course of its voyage until all of its parts have been replaced in some form or other.
Answer: Theseus's Ship [accept obvious equivalents]
[10] This philosopher, who argues for a relation-based approach to the problem in "Personal Identity," is the writer of On What Matters and Reasons and Persons.
Answer: Derek Parfit
[10] In "The Self and the Future," this other 20th century British philosopher refutes the Lockean position that the transfer of memory and character is sufficient to "body swap," or transfer personal identity. He also wrote works like Morality: An Introduction to Ethics and Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline.
Answer: Bernard Williams
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Attempts were made to restore this state by Togha Temur from his base in Khurasan, before his assassination. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Mongol state, founded by Hulegu Khan and noted both for attempts to ally itself with the Crusaders and for its conflicts with the Mamelukes.
Answer: Ilkhanate [accept word forms]
[10] These successors to the Ilkhanids were responsible for the assassination of Togha Temur. Originally brigands revolting under Abd al-Razzaq, they were quickly enmeshed with a messianic Shi'a group led by Shaikh Khalifa and Hasan Juri.
Answer: Sarbadars [or Sarbadarids]
[10] Abu Sa'id, the final Ilkhan was poisoned while on campaign against this khan of the Golden Horde. Under him, the Horde officially adopted Islam and his reign from 1313 to 1341 is generally regarded as the "Golden Age" of the Horde.
Answer: Uzbeg Khan [or Uzbek Khan or Mohammed Ozbeg]
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This tissue has one subtype usually made into rope or fabric, as in the case of jute, and another that forms tough layers, like apple cores. FTPE:,
[10] Name this type of plant cell, with tremendous, often lignin-rich cell walls, which contrasts with the parenchyma and collenchyma.
Answer: Sclerenchyma
[10] Sclerenchyma fibers can add support and strength to this type of vascular tissue that is made up of both sieve tube members and companion cells. It notably transports organic nutrients, rather than providing water.
Answer: phloem
[10] This polymer of D-galacturonic acid linked in a 1-4 manner has "hairy regions" where that sugar is replaced with 1-2 linked L-rhamnose, from which side-chains can branch. This compound is used as a thickener and gelling agent in food, and it breaks down as fruit ripens, allowing it to soften.
Answer: pectin
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One poem from this collection, "Nightpiece," features such church imagery as "bleak incense surges, clouds on clouds,/ voidward…" and "night's sindark nave." FTPE:,
[10] Name this collection of 13 poems which begins with "Tilly" and includes "A Flower Given to My Daughter" and "Watching the Needleboats at San Sabba."
Answer: Pomes Penyeach
[10] The writer Richard Rowan and journalist Robert Hand are involved in love triangles with Beatrice Justice in this only play by the author of Pomes Penyeach.
Answer: Exiles
[10] Pomes Penyeach and Exiles were both written by this author, who also wrote Finnegans Wake.
Answer: James Joyce
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This jazz musician's band, housed at Chicago's Grand Terrace, was noted for its theme song "Deep Forest." FTPE:,
[10] Name this pianist and bandleader, known as "Fatha," who formed a traveling band with Billy Eckstine, Charlie Parker, and Dizzy Gillespie, among others in the 1940s, but never recorded due to a musicians' strike.
Answer: Earl Kenneth "Fatha" Hines
[10] One of Hines most important recorded works is a two-LP set playing works of this musician, including "C Jam Blues," "Don't Get Around Much Anymore," and "Black Butterfly." Other works by this artist include "New Orleans Suite" and "Sophisticated Lady."
Answer: Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington
[10] Prior to leading his own band at the Grand Terrace, Hines served as the pianist in the New Orleans-style "Hot Five" and traditional "All-Stars" bands of this trumpeter. With this man, Hines produced a noted version Joe Oliver's "West End Blues." Also, he was known as "Satchmo."
Answer: Louis David Armstrong
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The author writes that "cosmos in its totality then becomes hierophany" to demonstrate how one group views the world and all of space outside of the amorphous "formless white." FTPE:,
[10] Name this work by Mircea Eliade subtitled "The Nature of Religion," which divides the worldviews of past religious cultures from modern secular cultures.
Answer: The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion [or Das Heilige und das Profane: Vom Wesen des Religioesen]
[10] The "sacred and profane" are introduced as key oppositions in this sociologist's work The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life.
Answer: Emile Durkheim
[10] This man tackled the idea of the "sacred and profane" in his posthumously-published Angels Fear, co-authored by his daughter Mary, arguing that the sacred may be determined through "local epistemologies." Much of this man's thought is collected in Steps to an Ecology of Mind.
Answer: Gregory Bateson
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Answer the following about pre-Revolutionary War protests of British duties, FTPE.,
[10] Opposed in the "Letters of a Westchester Farmer" by Samuel Seabury, this organization was created in 1774 by the Continental Congress to ensure the enforcement of non-importation of dutied goods. It was based on a similarly named program started in Virginia in response to the Townshend Acts.
Answer: Continental Association (or "the Association")
[10] The custom officials of Boston were forced to retire to Castle William during this riot in 1768 caused by seizure of a namesake sloop owned by John Hancock on charges of smuggling wine from Madeira.
Answer: Liberty Riot
[10] In 1772, this British revenue vessel commanded by Lt. Dudingston was seized by merchants from Providence led by John Brown and Abraham Whipple, and burned, after running aground chasing a smuggler.
Answer: HMS Gaspee
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This phenomenon occurs when a clock which is closer to a massive body or else moving faster is observed to be running slower. FTPE:,
[10] Name this phenomenon, the cause of the twin paradox.
Answer: time dilation
[10] This relativistic recasting of the Schrodinger equation, in natural units, just gives the three plus one dimensional d'Alembertian of the wavefunction as equal to mass squared times the wavefunction.
Answer: Klein-Fock-Gordon Equation
[10] This other eponymous equation applies to massive spin-one particles and is merely an Euler-Lagrange equation. It arises from fixing phi at zero from the Stueckelberg action.
Answer: Proca equation (or Proca action)
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In one story by this author, an old man discusses his past with a deaf boy, relating his childhood in Europe before joining the Children's Crusade. FTPE:,
[10] That story, "Sea and Sunset," is joined by "Raisin Bread" and a tale of a man who courts a woman just to experience dumping her, "Fountains in the Rain," in this author's collection Acts of Worship.
Answer: Mishima Yukio
[10] Mishima also wrote this novel about Mizoguchi, who sets the titular building on fire out of vengeance and despair.
Answer: The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (or Kinkaku-ji)
[10] Mishima's Sea of Fertility tetralogy centers around this character, who encounters reincarnations of his friend Kiyoaki Matsugae, for example Isao Iinuma during his time as a judge in Runaway Horses.
Answer: Shigekuni Honda (accept either name)
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Its name may have originally meant "forking way" and, on the sarcophagus of K'inich Jakaab' Pacal, that king is depicted as a sun passing down a tree into a giant skeletal mouth representing this place. FTPE:,
[10] Associated with the forking Milky Way in the winter, name this underworld of Mayan mythology.
Answer: Xibalba [or Xiba; accept Metnal]
[10] Associated with the Aztec Mictlantecutli, this figure, and his twin Vucub Came, rules the Lords of Death and Xibalba. Along with Vucub Came, he gets tricked into asking to be sacrificed by the Hero Twins.
Answer: Hun Came [or 1-Death; do not accept "7-Death"]
[10] The Yucatec Maya believed that these objects were the "flatulence of demons," and that they arose from Xibalba or Mitnal via dry wells. Ix Chel's name translates as one of these objects, symbolizing her role as deity of death as well as moon goddess.
Answer: rainbows
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Important sections of this work include the prayer offered by the title figure before his martyrdom and a section with the anointing of the recently converted Mygdonia. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Gnostic, apocryphal work, which describes the mission of the namesake apostle in India, after the resurrected Jesus sold him into slavery to the merchant Abbanes.
Answer: Acts of Thomas [accept any equivalent containing part of the full name of Judas Thomas Didymos; do not accept "Gospel of Thomas" or similar answers]
[10] Preserved in the Acts of Thomas and elsewhere is this Gnostic poetic parable which tells of a youth's attempts to recover the titular object guarded by a great serpent. After eating Egyptian food, he forgets himself only to be reminded by a letter from his father, the "King of kings."
Answer: The Hymn of the Pearl [accept similar answers; also accept The Hymn of the Soul or The Hymn of the Robe of Glory; prompt on "The Hymn of Judas Thomas"]
[10] The hesitancy and great success of Thomas in India mirror that of this minor Old Testament prophet, who before bringing the people of Ninevah to God, was swallowed by a "great fish" while trying to flee his vocation.
Answer: Jonah
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This artist produced two similar depictions of a hanging ox carcass, one showing a woman bent behind the carcass mopping up blood with a rag, and the other depicting the carcass as the only lit object in a dark room. FTPE:,
[10] Name this artist, who also depicted dead animals in Self-Portrait with a Dead Bittern and Still Life with Two Peacocks and a Girl. Other works include Ganymede in the Talons of the Eagle, which shows a urinating baby Ganymede.
Answer: Rembrandt van Rijn
[10] This artist produced a work in which two sides of beef flank a distorted, seated man, Figure with Meat, as part of his series on Velazquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X, often called the "Screaming Popes".
Answer: Francis Bacon
[10] A small depiction of the "Flight into Egypt" is surrounded by skinned heads of a pig and a cow, and other pieces of meat, in this artist's Butcher Shop. This Dutch Renaissance painter of historical scenes was known as "Long Peter" for his height.
Answer: Pieter Aertsen
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Michaelist sources, such as The Chronicle of Nicholas the Minorite, were cited as proof of the intransigency of this Pope during the Apostolic Poverty Controversy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Pope during the Avignon Papacy who succeeded Clement V in 1316. He quarreled with Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria, who under advice of William of Ockham, set up the antipope Nicholas V.
Answer: John XXII [or Jacques d'Euse]
[10] Under the personally appointed inquisitors of Bernard Gui and Jacques Fournier, the future Benedict XII, John XXII oversaw the destruction of this heretical sect, formerly the object of the Albigensian Crusade, from their base at Montaillou.
Answer: Cathars
[10] In addition to William of Ockham, Louis IV of Bavaria was advised by this scholar to invade Italy against John XXII. This man opposed the Church's temporal power in his influential treatise Defensor Pacis.
Answer: Marsiglio of Padua (or Marsilius of Padua)
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This equation sets the sum over a system's components of moles times chemical potential increase equal to negative entropy d temperature plus volume d pressure. FTPE:,
[10] Name this equation, which leads to the "phase rule" of its first namesake when temperature and pressure may vary.
Answer: Gibbs-Duhem equation
[10] This equation may be derived from Gibbs-Duhem. It holds that the temperature derivative of pressure equals the latent heat over the product of temperature and the volume change that results from a phase transition.
Answer: Clausius-Clapeyron equation [or Clausius-Clapeyron relation]
[10] These thermodynamic equations describe second-order phase transitions, which the Clausius-Clapeyron relation cannot address since they feature specific heat capacity and specific volume changes.
Answer: Ehrenfest equations
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The titular location is destroyed, sinking into the river, leading to the death of that location's owner because of the loss of his seven daughters in the collapse. FTPE:,
[10] Name this short story, in which Colonel De Charleu-Marot attempts to acquire the property of his "low-down" relative "Injin Charlie" De Carlos, before the destruction of his own.
Answer: "Belles Demoiselles Plantation"
[10] "Belles Demoiselles Plantation" appears in this 1879 collection, which also includes "Cafes des Exiles," "Tite Poulette," "Madame Delphine," and "Sieur George."
Answer: Old Creole Days
[10] Old Creole Days is a collection written by this native of New Orleans and regionalist author of The Grandissimes.
Answer: George Washington Cable
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Clocks inspired the "mechanical" third movement of this composer's Chamber Concerto, as well as a piece for 100 metronomes, Poeme Symphonique, and one that takes its name from Karl Popper, Clocks and Clouds. FTPE:,
[10] Name this composer whose other works include Ramifications, San Francisco Polyphony, and Atmospheres.
Answer: Gyoergy Ligeti
[10] This choral work by Ligeti for 16 voices was used by Stanley Kubrick in 2001: A Space Odyssey without the composer's permission and is the most celebrated example of his "micropolyphony."
Answer: Lux Aeterna
[10] Ligeti created an obvious parody of this American composer with his piece 0'0'' [Read: "Zero Minutes, Zero Seconds"], which is unsurprisingly quite short.
Answer: John Cage
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Answer the following about the history of Wales, FTPE.,
[10] This last independent prince of Wales was the second ruler of his name from the "ap Gruffyd" line. Recognized briefly by the Treaty of Montgomery, he'd be stripped of his insignia by Edward I in 1277 and die five years later.
Answer: Llywelyn ap Gruffyd (or "Llewelyn the Last" or Llewelyn II of Wales)
[10] This figure allied himself with Edmund Mortimer, Harry Hotspur, and others after declaring himself "Prince of Wales" and rebelling against Henry IV in 1400. Hotspur was beaten at Shrewsbury and he lost at Aberystwyth.
Answer: Owen Glendower [or Owain Glyndwr or Owain IV or Owain ap Gruffydd]
[10] This industrial town in southern Wales surpassed Swansea as most populous in Wales partway through the 19th century. It witnessed a namesake workers' uprising in 1831, in which "Dic Penderyn" became a Welsh national hero after his execution.
Answer: Merthyr Tydfil
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The narrator of this work roams around St. Petersburg resolving to commit suicide until he meets and shouts at an eight-year old girl. FTPE:,
[10] Name this short story in which the title figure falls asleep and imagines that he's pulled from a grave and transported to a utopian island on another planet, which he corrupts with his evil ways.
Answer: The Dream of a Ridiculous Man [or Son Smeshnogo Cheloveka]
[10] This author of The Dream of a Ridiculous Man wrote about the clerk Makar Devushkin in Poor Folk, and about the naive Prince Myshkin.
Answer: Fyodor Dostoevsky
[10] In this Dostoyevsky short story, an outcast attends a party during the holidays and quietly watches guests like Julian Matsakovich, and a bunch of kids opening their presents.
Answer: "A Christmas Tree and a Wedding" (or "The Fir Tree and a Wedding")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about mythography, FTPE.,
[10] This American mythographer applied Jungian archetypal theory to world mythologies, devising an idea of the heroic monomyth, in his famous work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces.
Answer: Joseph Campbell
[10] This 1948 work subtitled "a Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth" introduces a title deity by examining the magical "true poetic" language inherent in religious ceremonies from the "Old Stone Age" forward.
Answer: The White Goddess
[10] This French mythographer and Indo-Europeanist posited a three-function division of Indo-European society and myth in such works as Flamen-Brahman, Mitra-Varuna, and Ancient Roman Religion.
Answer: Georges Dumezil
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A high evapotranspiration rate results in a negative value for this quantity over desert oases, while high positive values are seen for urban heat islands and deserts. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this value which relates sensible heat flux to latent heat flux over a surface. Its namesake also names a reaction series with continuous and discontinuous branches.
Answer: Bowen ratio
[10] Sensible heat flux may also be downward after a cold clear night, when we frequently observe this phenomenon of increasing temperature with height, just above Earth's surface.
Answer: Radiative Inversion
[10] The temperature of unsaturated air naturally decreases with height at this rate, approximately 9.8 K/km. As vertical mixing returns air temperature distribution to this rate, conditions under which air temperature cools more quickly are not sustainable.
Answer: dry adiabatic lapse rate [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the Roman calendar, this goddess, sometimes called Pelagia, was the object of the March 5 Navigium which opened the sailing season and was the end of the stormy Mediterranean winter. FTPE:,
[10] Name this goddess, who served as the patron and protector of sailors, mainly due to her navigations of the Nile in search of the body parts of her husband Osiris.
Answer: Isis
[10] Protection from dangers at sea, particularly drowning, was the boon received by the iron ring-wearing initiates in the decidedly non-Greek mysteries of the Karbeiroi or "Great Gods" on this northern Aegean island.
Answer: Samothrace
[10] Herakles was frequently syncretized with this Phoenician god of Tyre, who was a patron of promontories and protector of sailors. A temple to this god in Cadiz was noted for oracular dreams, including one famously had by Julius Caesar in which the rape of his mother foretold of world domination.
Answer: Melqart

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