Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_g4eib10fjfn4radecnbfvjot60, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Minnesota
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Two leaders of this organization are mentioned in the subtitle of a 2001 book by William Harris entitled Keeping the Faith. Its female members included Rosina Tucker and Halena Wilson, who founded the Ladies' Auxiliary branch of the movement. Another of its leaders founded the Citizens Overall Committee as a local tool and was named Edgar Daniel Nixon, while C.L. Dellums served as vice president. It employed the motto "Fight or Be Slaves" and, under the leadership of men like Milton Price Webster, its threats results in acts like the Fair Employment Practices Committee. SCLC member and noted homosexual Bayard Rustin aided the most dramatic action of this group, which later merged with the BRAC. Founded by A. Philip Randolph, FTP, name this primarily black trade union that launched the March on Washington and bargained with the Pullman Company.
Answer: The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (or The BOSCP, prompt on partial answers)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
While exploring a series of dusty, unused rooms, one character in this work says "I'm your novice" to express her sexual desire, referencing a story her lover once told her at a dinner party. While taking a break from a ball, this novel's protagonist stops to examine a painting called Death of the Just Man. Later, that protagonist sees a cart of bloody bulls and contemplates Venus; on his deathbed he sees Venus again, this time in the form of a beautifully-dressed woman. This book's famous final scene sees the embalmed body of the protagonist's dog Bendico thrown out of a window onto a trash heap. In Chapter 4, this book's protagonist refuses Chevalley di Monterzuolo's offer to become a member of the new Senate, recommending instead the mayor of Donnafugata, Don Calogero. Earlier, the protagonist forces himself to petition Don Calogero for his daughter Angelica's hand in marriage on behalf of his nephew Tancredi Falconeri. FTP, identify this novel set during and after the Risorgimento which follows the life of Don Fabrizio, Prince of Salina, and is the best-known work of Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa.
Answer: The Leopard [or Il Gattopardo]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One modification of this reaction proceeds under irradiation in the presence of the DIB, and is usually applied to steroidal compounds. In addition to that modification by Suarez, modifications of this reaction proposed by Barton, which use agents such as t-BI and thiohydroxamate esters to achieve the final product. A reaction similar to this one, that uses lead (IV) tetra-acetate, was developed by Kochi, and mercuric salts can also be used in the Christol-Firth modification of this reaction. The second step of this reaction sees the formation of a diradical pair after the initial attack by the halogen, and it subsequently proceeds via the elimination of carbon dioxide and the reaction of the alkyl radical with the halogen radical. For 10 points, identify this reaction which is sometimes named for Russian composer Alexander Borodin, which sees the halogenation of carboxylates in the presence of silver salts.
Answer: Hunsdiecker reaction [accept Hunsdiecker-Borodin reaction until "Borodin"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of these works, a woman standing on a brick wall shields her face with a cloth as she pries the title objects from the mouth of a hanged man. The third of these works was described by their artist as depicting a "Lamentable use of early education"; in that work, a pair of terrified and ugly children attempt to hide behind their mother as a hooded and cloaked figure approaches them. In another of these works, two old peasant women sit gossiping on a rock as an upper-class couple flirts and ignores them. The titles of those members of this series are Hunting for Teeth, Here Comes the Bogey Man and Birds of a Feather Flock Together. This series also contains a work in which a large catlike creature perks up in the lower-right-hand corner as owls and bats swarm around a self-portrait of the artist, who has his head buried in his arms on a desk. For 10 points, identify this series of prints that contains The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, created by Francisco de Goya.
Answer: Los Caprichos [or The Caprices]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work asserts that the secular world is full of contradictions that allow it to mirror the holy one and establish itself independently "in the clouds," and that it must be annihilated both "theoretically and practically." One section maintains that all "mysteries that lead theory to mysticism" can be solved through understanding human practice. This work rejects "religious sentiment" as a "social product" and argues against the equating of the "essence of man" with the "essence of religion". Its last section claims that previous philosophers have only interpreted the world, but what is "crucial? is to change it". It contends that the title thinker does not understand the meaning of "revolutionary" and blasts him for limiting authentic human activity to theoretical sensuous contemplation. A critique of the author of Thoughts on Death and Immortality, FTP, name this collection of eleven statements that outline objections to the author of The Essence of Christianity, written by Karl Marx.
Answer: Theses on Feuerbach
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One dissent in this case attacks the majority for acting "as a Platonic guardian admonishing those responsible for public opinion as if they were truant schoolchildren." This decision was upheld a year later by two cases, United States v. Haggerty and U.S. v. Eichman, which invalidated analogous federal laws and were argued by the same attorney David Cole. The majority cites the closely-related case Spence v. Washington to dismiss the asserted government interest and references Stromberg v. California. A somewhat surprising dissent by Justice Stevens relies upon the unique nature of the interest at stake to disagree with Brennan's majority. It invalidated the conviction of a man fined $2000 and sentenced a year in prison, much to the dismay of Rehnquist, whose dissent quotes from "Barbara Fritchie" and the "Concord Hymn." FTP, name this 1989 case which upheld the protected nature of flag burning.
Answer: Texas v. Johnson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one novel by this author, Thomasina Moore is a nearly white woman who'd once danced in the chorus lines of the Cotton Club, and is the friend of the protagonist who's taken in by Rosalie Parvay, the daughter of a rum shop owner. This author wrote about a teacher Merle Kimbona who refuses to teach English history, and titles a novella in this author's collection Reena and Other Stories. In addition to writing the memoir Triangular Road and Soul Clap Hands and Sing, this author created protagonists like Avey Johnson and Selina Boyce, who struggles with her parents Deigton and Silla and their Bajan culture. Also the author of Praisesong for the Widow, FTP, name this female writer best known for Browngirl, Brownstones, whose own parents were from Barbados.
Answer: Valenza Paul(in)e Marshall or Valenza Paul(in)e Burke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In his memoirs, this work's composer complained about the "tepid applause" received by the debut of its first movement, which he attributed to conductor Narcisse Gerard failing to create the necessary accelerando at the end. Its composer also blasted Gerard for fucking up the encore of this work's second movement by skipping fifty bars after the harpist lost his place shortly after playing two tones representing the sound of convent bells. Its third-movement scherzo sees the strings provide the effect of a bagpipe-like musette while the oboe and piccolo represent the other instruments played by folk musicians called pifferari, which this work's composer encountered while travelling in the Abruzzi. Its first movement recycles themes from the composer's discarded Rob Roy overture and depicts the title character "in the mountains". The second movement depicts singing of an evening prayer and is called "Marche des pelerins", while the final movement is the "Orgy of the Brigands". FTP, name this symphony which prominently features a solo viola, a work by Hector Berlioz inspired by a Lord Byron poem.
Answer: Harold in Italy [or Harold en Italie; accept Hector Berlioz before "this work"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lasers create disorder in these substances to model a process in which the mean free path of electrons approaches their Fermi wavelength, which causes a metal-to-insulator transition. In addition to their use in the macroscopic modeling of Anderson localization, these substances display a certain effect when a magnet is dragged through them, which decouples the degree of freedom of their constituent parts from the reaction coordinate of those parts. The Hartree free particle is not one of these entities, but does satisfy an equation that models them. That equation adds a coupling term to the Schrodinger equation to model their behavior. A two-dimensional form of these substances is a Tonks-Girardeau gas. These substances form when a bunch of confined integer spin particles collapse to the lowest available quantum state, and were first observed in rubidium atoms by Cornell and Wiemann. For 10 points, name this phase of low-energy matter whose wavefunctions are notably given by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, named for two scientists.
Answer: Bose-Einstein Condensates [accept BECs]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A goalie named Jumal can be recruited in once city of this name, which is also home to Abus, Bickson, and other players from the Goers, one of the teams that play in that city's huge blitzball sphere. In addition to that city from Final Fantasy X, this is the given name of the "Mad Prince" of the Highland Kingdom, the primary antagonist of Suikoden II. It's also the name of a scientist whose inventions include a training robot named Gato and a teleporter that sent Marle back in time, a character from Chrono Trigger. A song with this title repeats the line "You just don't argue any more" after noting "They only hit until you cry". That song's title figure says "Just don't ask me how I am" and is said to "live on the second floor". FTP, identify this name, given to the subject of that Suzanne Vega song, as well as a certain character who's said to "sleep with the fishes", a character from The Godfather surnamed Brasi.
Answer: Luca [or Lucca or Luka; they're all pronounced the same; accept Luca Blight if someone buzzes on the Suikoden II clue]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel cries "I suppose that accursed pair in the temple are jealous because I have a red robe to a town goddess," when an overseer is found dying after his first grandson's birth. That protagonist also intends to feed his "poor fool" some poison after he dies in this novel, and after his wicked uncle reveals his false red beard to him, he starts feeding that uncle opium to placate him. Years after traveling south on a fire-wagon, the protagonist falls out with his son after learning of his desire for the master of the slave Cuckoo, a woman by the name Lotus, who was his concubine. This first book in the trilogy including Sons and A House Divided features a woman bought from the Great House of Hwang and named O-Lan. FTP, name this novel about the rise of the Chinese farmer Wang Lung, written by Pearl S. Buck.
Answer: The Good Earth
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Surah 34 of the Quran, Allah grants this figure command of the winds, which allows this figure to complete a two-month journey in one day. This figure banished Abiathar to Ananoth after Abiathar sided with this man's brother Adonijah. Towards the end of his life, this ruler's gentile wives convinced him to worship Asteroth and Milcom which led Ahijah of Shiloh to predict the fracturing of this man's kingdom. At this wishes of his father, this man killed off Joab in the Tabernacle. He was succeeded by his son Rehoboam who later lost the control of ten tribes to Jereboam. This man's most famous construction project featured cedar from Tyre and was intended as a permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant, and he was once visited by the Queen of Sheba. FTP, name this Israelite king who constructed the first Temple and once ordered the halving of a baby, the second son of Bathsheba and David.
Answer: Solomon [or Shlomo or Suleiman or other things that sound like that]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Commanders on the losing side of this battle included Servius Fidenas and Cornelius Maluginensis, and in its aftermath, the victor reportedly threw his sword onto a scale and declared "Vae victis," thereby increasing the amount of tribute to be paid to him. Another story says that the sacred geese aroused M. Manlius Capitolinus in time to repel a surprise attack. The victorious commander was Brennus, who forced the losing force to flee to Veii, which had recently been captured by Camillus. FTP, name this battle probably fought in 390 BC, which saw the Gauls crush the Romans, and was named for a tributary of the Tiber River.
Answer: Battle of the Allia River
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One classification system for these constructs adds to their names letter suffixes, like c, e, h, p, and s, the latter of which denotes sesquioxide accumulation. The three most popular classifications for these constructs are the American, Australian, and Stellenbosch University ones. The smaller "E" type of these constructs is present when there is pronounced eluviation of iron and aluminum. Boundaries between these regions are difficult to detect in so-called laterite or oxisol materials. Calcium carbonate characteristically accumulates in the second-highest of these regions in substances called pedocals, and ones smaller than two inches thick are sometimes called "pans." They are most basically arranged in the sequence of O-A-B-C-R from top to bottom; the topmost "O" stands for "organic" contains plant and animal life. For 10 points, name these strata of varying organic and mineral composition in dirt.
Answer: soil horizons [prompt on horizons; don't accept specific ones]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this work tells a story about stopping at a monastery to ask for shoes, only to be told to "Piss off" by a monk. That character also complains about "Blacks, Greeks, Poles" "doing [him] out of a seat" and vows revenge against an ex-co-worker. In another scene in this work, one character chases another around with a vacuum cleaner. One character in this work repeatedly asserts a need to "get down to Sidcup" to recover his papers, which would prove that the name "Bernard Jenkins" was only an alias. This play ends after one character smashes a statue of the Buddha, while its second act ends with a monologue in which one character expresses the desire to build "that shed out in the garden" and reveals that his brain damage arose from botched electroshock therapy. Opening with Aston inviting the homeless Davies into his messy apartment, FTP, identify this play whose only other character is Aston's brother Mick, who looks after both his brother and the central house, a work by Harold Pinter.
Answer: The Caretaker
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Richard McKelvey and Thomas Palfrey developed the "quantal response" model of this idea. Drew Fudenberg and David Levine created a "self-confirming" type often used in political science, while Robert Aumann introduced a "correlated" variety by looking at reactions to identical public signals. David Kreps and Robert Wilson introduced the "sequential" type by factoring in their concept of beliefs. Earlier, Reinhard Selten had suggested the existence of a "Trembling Hand" type, while Roger Myerson defined it as "proper" when all pure strategies have increasingly lower probabilities than the best response. A situation where no player has incentive to unilaterally change his position is described as, FTP, what type of game theoretical solution, named for John Nash?
Answer: equilibriums (accept "Nash Equilibrium" at any time - since most of the mentioned clues are refinements or extensions of Nash equilibrium theory)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After the passing of its founder, this empire adapted the traditional system of titled offices known as sarauta, though it had initially been prohibited. That founder of this dynasty appointed his brother to rule its twin capital at Gwandu, and himself was a Fulbe scholar of the Qadiriyya brotherhood. This polity came into being after the forceful unification of states like Kano and Gobir that had belonged to the confederacy of Hausaland. Founded after the jihad of the scholar Usman Dan Fodio, a man of the Fulani tribe dubbed "Commander of the Faithful," it was easily the largest post-16th century empire on the African continent. Founded in 1815, FTP, name this caliphate that stretched from modern Burkina Faso to Cameroon.
Answer: Sokoto Caliphate
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author took the pseudonym Emmet Street for his crime novel published serially in thirty installments, The Scarperer. A play by this author ends with the rising of a corpse who sings "The bells of hell go ting-a-ling-a-ling for you, but not for me" after that young solder Leslie Williams had fallen in love with Teresa only to be killed. This author collected his newspaper articles in Hold Your Hour and Have Another. In another work, he relates the hanging of a man at Montjoy Prison for a mysterious crime, in a play whose title refers to a homosexual inmate, The Quare Fellow. FTP, name this author of The Borstal Boy, a former member of the Irish Republican Army who drunk himself to death at age
Answer: Brendan Francis Behan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Much like the reovirus 1, these agents have fibers which exhibit a triple beta spiral motif. Those fibers protrude from the penton base protein present in their capsids and interact with integrins alpha v beta 3 and alpha v beta 5, which facilitates their internalization. An avian variant of these agents causes the Marble Spleen disease, and systems utilizing these which maintain only the 5' and 3' ITR sequences are called the "gutless" or "helper dependent" versions of these. They recognize the CAR protein present on the cell surface of their hosts. A virus often found in cells simultaneously infected with these viruses is known as a virus "associated" with these viruses; those "associated" viruses are prime candidates for gene therapy vectors. For 10 points, identify these infectious agents which got their name because they were first discovered in adenoid tissue.
Answer: adenovirus [or adenoviridae]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One artist associated with this movement created a series of bronze Civitas sculptures at Rock Hill, South Carolina and a bronze Islandia at the New York City Technical College. Another artist of this movement created a "Double Self-Portrait" of himself showing a diner with six red bar stools and a Coca Cola machine behind a large glass window - that artist also painted Via Condotti. Other members of this movement include Ralph Goings and Denis Peterson, in addition to the Minnesota-born creator of a fiberglass sculpture entitled Abortion. Those previously-mentioned artists are Audrey Flack and Duane Hanson, while another artist of this movement created a Big Self- Portrait and is now partially paralyzed. A movement pioneered by Richard Estes, FTP, name this artistic style associated with Chuck Close, so named because its artistic output tends to look like pictures.
Answer: American Photorealism or American Photorealist Movement (prompt on realism, hyperrealism, superrealism, etc.)
2009 FIST Bonuses by Minnesota
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One section of this work meditates on the wonders of the City of God, and argues that only clean souls can attain the title state, in the passage the "tablet of the true seeker". FTPE:,
[10] Name this book that asserts that Biblical and Quranic scripture is allegorical and that divine revelation has progressed but is also unified.
Answer: Book of Certitude [or Kitab-i-Iqan]
[10] This man argued against a Muslim cleric in The Epistle to the Son of the Wolf and wrote both Gems of Divine Mysteries and The Book of Certitude. He also founded Baha'i.
Answer: Baha'u'llah [or Mirza Husayn-`Ali Nuri]
[10] Baha'u'llah also penned this theological work that outlines the title number of stages through which a mystical soul can progress when seeking closeness with God, beginning with "Search" and ending with "True Poverty and Absolute Nothingness."
Answer: The Seven Valleys [or Haft Vadi; accept The Seven Valleys and Four Valleys since they are often published together according to Wikipedia]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work describes the administration of a benge, or poison, to a chicken to detect the presence of one of the title concepts. FTPE:,
[10] Name this study of a Sudanese tribe that argues that the three titular elements of their supernaturalism, while strange to Westerners, are entirely logical when considered within their cultural framework.
Answer: Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande
[10] Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande was written by this social scientist who examined the psychological and social aspects of "natural religions" in Theories of Primitive Religion and studied the Nuer people.
Answer: Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
[10] This student of Evans-Pritchard was inspired by his work to complete a study of The Kababish Arabs in which he asserted that Western attempts to eliminate non-Western practices were driven by a "desire to create new human subjects." He also argued for a new anthropology of religion in Formations of the Secular.
Answer: Talal Asad
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This dude names a confusing method of using fixed Lagrangian zones to calculate the structure and mass density of stars, or something like that. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this scientist who also names a track by which sufficiently large protostars leave the Hayashi track and enter the Main Sequence.
Answer: Louis George Henyey
[10] Of course, the Henyey track, Hayashi track, and Main Sequence are all found on this ubiquitous stellar diagram that plots absolute magnitude, spectral class, luminosity, and temperature.
Answer: Hertzsprung-Russell diagram [or H-R diagram]
[10] Much like a party doesn't begin until Bruce Arthur arrives, star formation only begins with the onset of this type of diffusion; it sees a decoupling of the magnetic field result from the decoupling of neutral and charged species of the protostellar hydrogen.
Answer: ambipolar diffusion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It ends with its speaker's claim that "…all night long we have not stirred/and yet God has not said a word!", and it begins with the first title figure coming in from the rain, which "set in early tonight". FTPE:,
[10] Identify this dramatic monologue by Robert Browning in which the speaker briefly debates "what to do", before deciding to strangle the first title figure with her hair.
Answer: "Porphyria's Lover"
[10] The speaker of this Browning monologue outlines his hatred for his "heart's abhorrence", his fellow monk Brother Lawrence. Its speaker considers pledging his soul to Satan or entrapping Lawrence with a "scrofulous French novel", but at the end is only able to impotently mutter "Gr-r-r—you swine!"
Answer: "Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister"
[10] "Some lump, ah God, of lapis lazuli / Big as a Jew's head cut off at the nape" is among the decorations the title speaker of this Browning poem desires for the title building, with which he wants to outdo the "onion-stone" of his predecessor Gandolf.
Answer: "The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed's Church"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In his final book, Infiltration, he questions his own knowledge of the actions of the SS. FTPE:,
[10] Name this minister of armaments who constructed the Reich Chancellery and Zeppelinfeld as architect of the Third Reich.
Answer: Albert Speer
[10] Speer served in the post-Hitler German government at Flensburg during May of 1945. That government was headed by this grand admiral, Hitler's hand-picked successor as President.
Answer: Karl Donitz
[10] This engineer preceded Speer as minister of armaments and constructed much of the national highway system. He founded a namesake Organization that gathered forced labor and private companies to construct defense systems like the Siegfried Line.
Answer: Fritz Todt
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these cities in northern Alabama, FTPE.,
[10] This city features a noted iron statue of Vulcan, and is the largest in the state by population. It witnessed a tragic bombing at its 16th Street Baptist Church in 1963.
Answer: Birmingham
[10] This city of about 175,000 people is the 4th largest in the state, and is known as "Rocket City." This seat of Madison County is home to the Marshall Space Flight Center.
Answer: Huntsville
[10] This city of about 9,500 people in the northwestern Colbert County lies on the Tennessee River and forms a metropolis with Muscle Shoals, Florence, and Tuscumbia.
Answer: Sheffield
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist painted The Beguiling of Merlin, which was on the cover of A.S. Byatt's novel Possession, and depicts Merlin tangled in a bush while the Lady of the Lake trances him with an open book. FTPE:,
[10] Name this uncle of Rudyard Kipling who painted The Mirror of Venus and Love Among the Ruins.
Answer: Sir Edward Colly Burne-Jones
[10] This Burne-Jones painting named for two characters shows two children looking over a balcony as a regally dressed figure in blue sits on wooden steps and looks up at a woman with long brown hair. Albert Pynkham Rider also created a painting with this title.
Answer: King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid
[10] Burne-Jones was a member of this artistic movement along with the artist of The Light of the World, William Hunt, and the artist of Christ in the House of his Parents, John Millais.
Answer: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood or PRB
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are occasionally considered to be the mothers of Heimdall, though the Hyndluljod includes among its list of Heimdall's mothers such non-members of this group as Gjolp, Greip, and Jarnsaxa. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this group of nine figures that includes Drofn, Hronn, and Kolga, whose names mean "Foam-Fleck", "Welling Wave", and "Cool Wave" respectively. Their mother is Ran.
Answer: the daughters of Aegir [or the billow-maidens]
[10] This god got kicked out of a party held by the Aesir after killing Aegir's servant Fimafeng. This husband of Sigyn fathered Hel, Fenrir, and Jormungandr with the giantess Angrboda.
Answer: Loki Laufeyarson [or Loptr]
[10] Either Aegir or this giant was said to own a giant cauldron that Thor and Tyr were sent to retrieve. This cowardly giant more famously cut Thor's fishing line while Thor was attempting to reel in Jormungandr.
Answer: Hymir
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Both this and its logarithmic analogue for channel capacity, Hartley's Law, must satisfy the Raabe condition. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this theorem sometimes co-named for Whittaker and Kotelnikov that states that in order to avoid information loss, the minimum frequency for analog-to-digital conversion of a signal must be at least twice the bandwidth of the input signal.
Answer: Whittaker-Kotelnikov-Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem [accept names in any order; prompt on "the sampling theorem"; accept the Cardinal Theorem of Interpolation Theory]
[10] One proof of the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem involves taking the Fourier transform of the sum from negative to positive infinity of one of these constructs, which consist of a periodic Schwartz distribution of a group of its namesake's delta functions.
Answer: a Dirac comb [accept impulse train or Shah function; prompt on sampling function]
[10] Attempting to sample frequencies above the Nyquist frequency can become indistinguishable due to this type of distortion. It can appear in the form of moire patterns and can be counteracted through the use of a low-pass filter.
Answer: aliasing [accept word forms]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The secular songs of this composer are collected in a volume entitled The Mirror of Narcissus. FTPE:,
[10] Name this medieval French composer most famous for the Notre Dame Mass, the first attributable setting of the Ordinary of the Mass, likely composed while he was canon at the Reims Cathedral.
Answer: Guillaume de Machaut
[10] If Machaut was the rock star of the 14th century, this dude was pretty great in the 15th century. He created the faux-bourdon technique resulting in parallel sixth chords and wrote motets like Ecclesia militantis while being patronized by the Este family in Florence.
Answer: Guillaume Dufay
[10] It's only a matter of time before this bonus works its way to the greatest post-Dufay composer, this Franco-Flemish fellow known for the soggetto cavato in his mass Hercules dux Ferrariae written for Ercole d'Este.
Answer: Josquin Desprez (accept either Josquin or Desprez)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its speaker notes that he "hesitated/before untying the bow/that bound this book together", referring to the photo album central to this work. It also contains repeated references to a "mechanism", most often representing a camera "forever dividing that from this". FTPE:,
[10] Identify this poem that was originally published on a floppy disk programmed to erase itself after a single use, which itself was bundled with a hand-singed book containing columns of DNA and etchings by Dennis Ashbaugh.
Answer: "Agrippa (A Book of the Dead)"
[10] "Agrippa" was written by this author of stories like "New Rose Hotel" and "Burning Chrome", which like his novels Count Zero and Mona Lisa Overdrive were set in "The Sprawl".
Answer: William Ford Gibson
[10] Gibson may be best known for this first novel in the Sprawl trilogy, which sees the hacker Case and the "street samurai" Molly Millions find the AI Wintermute while working for Armitage, a former military officer.
Answer: Neuromancer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer stuff about xenophobic American legislation of the 1790s, FTPE.,
[10] This infamous set of four acts passed in 1798 included the Naturalization Act, setting a period of 14 years of residence, and an act facilitating deportment.
Answer: Alien and Sedition Acts
[10] Named for a Pennsylvania politician, this act was passed a year after the Alien and Sedition Acts forbids any action taken with the intent to influence a foreign government's activities.
Answer: Logan Act
[10] This Federalist enforced the Alien and Sedition and Logan Acts. He was the third Secretary of State in American history, succeeding Edmund Randolph and serving from 1795 to 1800.
Answer: Timothy Pickering
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It improved upon a similar theory which was developed by Hans Bethe. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this theory which incorporates molecular orbital theory to explain covalent interactions in coordination complexes. The angular overlap model was an important development in this theory.
Answer: ligand field theory [accept LFT]
[10] Halides are much lower than NH3 on this series which ranks ligands according to the magnitude of the splitting they induce. Ligand field theory does a much better job of explaining the relative rankings in this series than does CFT.
Answer: spectrochemical series
[10] For a coordination complex, this term describes the number of donor atoms on a ligand which coordinate with the same metal atom. It is different from hapticity, as the latter describes the number of contiguous atoms which coordinate with a metal.
Answer: denticity
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The second half of this work presents depictions of ancient figures, as the author argues that the title dialect should emulate Latin in order to purify itself, which advice was taken by his followers Jean Doart and Etienne Jodelle. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1549 treatise that claims that the title dialect is "as worthy as any Tuscan of Petrarch or Dante."
Answer: The Defense and Illustration of the French Language (Defense et illustration de la langue francaise)
[10] This author of The Antiquities of Rome and The Olive created the manifesto of a literary movement by writing The Defense and Illustration of the French Language.
Answer: Joachim du Bellay
[10] du Bellay belonged to this French literary movement that also featured the author of Sonnets For Helen, Pierre de Ronsard, as well as Remy Belleau.
Answer: La Pleaide
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This card game comes in rubber and duplicate varieties, and noted practitioners include Bob Hamman, Omar Sharif, Bill Gates, and Warren Buffett. FTPE:,
[10] Name this card game, whose 2009 Open World Championship, called the Bermuda Bowl, was won by a team from the United States.
Answer: Contract Bridge
[10] Two noted bridge players with this last name have first names Oswald and Jim. Oswald developed the two-level transfers that bear his name, and Jim played on the Dallas Aces teams of the early 1970s.
Answer: Oswald and Jim Jacoby
[10] This card game has "Call-Ace" and "Minnesota" versions. It features 13 tricks where players must follow the suit of the card led, but can trump if they have no such suit. A team gains a point for every trick they take over six and, typically, the game ends when a team gets five points.
Answer: whist
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel features characters like Aunt Maw, Esther Jack and the protagonist, author George Webber. FTPE:,
[10] Name this posthumously published novel whose title refers to its setting of Libya Hill.
Answer: You Can't Go Home Again
[10] You Can't Go Home Again was written by this North Carolinian author who wrote about the Catawba Indians, and some works like Of Time and the River and The Web and the Rock.
Answer: Thomas Clayton Wolfe
[10] This character's coming of age in Altamont, where he encounters the mulatto whore Ella Corpening and takes to reading books under his teacher Margaret Leonard, is the subject of Wolfe's Look Homeward, Angel.
Answer: Eugene Gant
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about 19th century Uruguayan revolutionaries, FTPE.,
[10] Juan Antonio Lavalleja returned to Uruguay in 1825 after his imprisonment to lead this numerical group of legendary soldiers in fight against the Brazilians.
Answer: 33 Immortals (or 33 Orientals, it seems)
[10] Manuel Oribe was the primary early leader of this political party, which opposed the reds or Colorados during the Uruguayan civil strife.
Answer: Blancos or whites
[10] On the other hand, Fructuoso Rivera was supported by this Argentinian president in office from 1854 to 1860 who often gets forgotten about as he followed Juan Manuel de Rosas, whom he upended at the Battle of Caseros. He was followed in two years by Bartolome Mitre.
Answer: Justo Jose de Urquiza y Garcia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some cool stuff from evolutionary biology, for 10 points each.,
[10] In these types of experiments, pathogens are used to infect a novel host from a particular strain, and the infection is subsequently passed on to other organisms of the same strain. Such experiments typically show that after a while, the pathogens become attenuated and are not able to infect many other species.
Answer: serial passage experiments [or SPE]
[10] The increased virulence of pathogens in SP experiments can be interpreted through this hypothesis, which states that evolution helps species maintain relative fitness with other species that are co-evolving with them.
Answer: Red Queen hypothesis
[10] This biologist is a noted supporter of the Red Queen hypothesis. He also developed an inequality which implies that an organism will perform an altruistic act if the the degree of relatedness and the benefit of the act is larger than the cost of performing the act.
Answer: William D. Hamilton
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work was adapted from a drawing published in Harper's magazine and originally presented as a gift to Theodore Roosevelt. FTPE:,
[10] Name this sculpture that shows a man struggling to stay astride a bucking horse.
Answer: Bronco Buster
[10] In addition to sculpting Bronco Buster, Remington painted this work that depicts a seated cowboy with a rifle on his lap sharing camp with three Native Americans.
Answer: Shotgun Hospitality
[10] This artist of the mural Lewis and Clark Meeting the Flathead Indians was a pioneer of western art with Remington, so much so that he was called the "Cowboy Artist."
Answer: Charles Marion Russell

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_g4eib10fjfn4radecnbfvjot60, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0