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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Illinois
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This thinker wrote a work in which he argued for the preservation of certain elements of upper-class mentality, entitled Beginnings of the Bourgeois Philosophy of History. That essay, along with others like one concerned with the pernicious influence of fascism, were collected in Between Philosophy and Social Science. One of his most important works contains sections such as "Means and Ends" and "Conflicting Panaceas;" those sections discuss distinctions between subjective, objective, and instrumental versions of the title concept, with emphasis on how the Nazis applied it. Along with another writer, this author of The Authoritarian State and The Eclipse of Reason wrote a work which contained two Excurses on Odysseus and Juliette and a discussion of anti-Semitism, in addition to an exposition of what he called the "culture industry." FTP, name this man who wrote The Dialectic of Enlightenment with Theodor Adorno.
Answer: Max Horkheimer
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This substance determines the sex genotypes of cucurbits because the genes associated with its production occur on its sex chromosome. A hydrolase derived from the T3 phage can be used to stop its production, and FE(II) dioxygenase can be used to synthesize it. The gas 1-MCP is used to counteract its effects, and this substance is responsible for the behavior of epinasty. Discovered in organisms by Gane, it is produced when ATP and water are combined with methione to form ACC. Able to cause downward-oriented growth in organisms, it's responsible for shrinkage of the hypocotyls and the presence of an apical hook in seeds, known as the "triple response." Other substances involved in the production of this hormone include indole acetic acid, and cytokinins are responsible for its occurrences. Responsible for abscission, germination and the ripening of fruit, FTP, name this gaseous plant hormone that is also the simplest alkene.
Answer: ethylene
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One side theater in this conflict weakened King Woo's forces enough to allow his overthrow by a general made famous through his exploits in that theater at Yi Song-gye. Some recent scholarship has attributed doctrinal innovations underlying one side's recruiting success to a monk named P'eng Ying-yu, who promoted the merging of Manichaeism with a cult that elevated Han Shantong to divine status. After apparent defeat, Liu Futong's army was supplemented by rebels under Zhu Yuanzhang, resulting in the torching of the capital Dadu and the purging of the Mongols from power in 13 FTP, name this rebellion by which the Hongwu Emperor overthrew the Yuan dynasty in favor of the Ming.
Answer: the Red Turban rebellion
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One of this author's poems imagines a "hundred negroes with a hundred lances" and a prince that draws near "with sword and goshawk," and begins by asking "Why from her lips are song and laughter dying?" and "Why is the princess sighing?" A different poem discusses "foam pregnant with salt and iodine" and a man who has seen "the forceful typhoons of China?while drinking from his flask of gin." In another work, this author writes "You join the cult of Hercules to the cult of Mammon, / and illuminating the road of easy conquest," concluding by saying "although you count on everything, you lack one thing: God!" This author of "Sonatina" and "Symphony in Gray Major" also wrote the lines "you are the future invader of the naive America that has Indian blood?you are an Alexander-Nebuchadnezzar." FTP, name this author of "To Roosevelt," Prosas Profanas, and Azul - a poet and diplomat from Nicaragua.
Answer: Ruben Dario
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Labor economist Beth Hayes pioneered the application of this concept to her field, writing a work about "Labor and Unions" under this condition. One early work by Michael Spence discussing this concept described ways to evade it during the hiring process and is entitled "Job Market Signaling." Another economist developed a way around this problem by utilizing a "menu of choices" and analyzing the actor's selection; that method is known as "screening." That work was written by Joseph Stiglitz, but this term was first utilized in a work which described the used car market, George Akerlof's The Market For Lemons. FTP, identify this condition which can result in moral hazard or adverse selection, an economic problem which arises when one party in a transaction knows more than the other.
Answer: information asymmetry (accept clear-knowledge equivalents)
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An early corpus of dance music by this composer attempts to sample all national styles and is known as the Suite Caracteristique. In one work by this composer, the Countess Sybille points to a statue called the White Lady, and in accordance with tradition several presents are laid by the statue, including those of the Saracen knight Abderakhman. Following the premiere of this man's Second Symphony dedicated to Liszt at the Paris World Exhibition, he fell into a crisis of creativity until publication of that ballet Raymonda. He became director of the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1905 and re-wrote the overture from Prince Igor from memory to facilitate the project of finishing Mussorgsky's works, along with his teacher Rimsky-Korsakov. FTP, name this Russian composer of eight symphonies and the ballet The Seasons.
Answer: Aleksander Konstantinovich Glazunov
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This quantity can be understood in general as an ensemble average of a sum of products of coordinate and momentum delta functions, the product of which represents a single particle. The aforementioned sum is the Klimontovich density, so evolution equations for this quantity itself are given by ensemble averages of the Klimontovich equation, the most obvious of which gives rise to the first BBGKY hierarchy equation. The BBGKY hierarchy connects these mathematical objects corresponding to different numbers of particles. Components of the pressure tensor are centered second moments of this quantity. In a non-collisional system, the total time derivative of this quantity is zero according to the Liouville equation. Multiplying this quantity with a differential volume of phase space gives the expected number of particles in that volume. FTP, name this quantity fundamental to statistical mechanics that gives the probability density for finding particles.
Answer: the particle distribution function [prompt on probability density or f]
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A work of fiction in this book describes a couple embracing and kissing each other while standing in a field of violets. One character in this book discusses his theories on how all scenic glances are composed of air and distance, but it's the supernaturalism that makes them special. George tosses some pictures besmirched with blood into a river after an Italian is stabbed. The protagonist of this work is disappointed while traveling with Mr. Eager, because the book-writing Miss Lavish is using a murder for her novel. It begins at the Bertolini Pension, where Reverend Beebe does a room swap with Charlotte Bartlett. FTP, name this novel in which Cecil Vyse and Lucy Honeychurch interact with George Emerson and spend some time gazing out from the title location, a work written by E.M. Forster.
Answer: A Room with a View
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One treaty signed at this site resulted in the surrender of Istria, Venetia, and Dalmatia to Michael I of the Byzantine Empire in 812 CE. A different treaty signed here was mediated by a triple alliance of England, Sweden and the United Provinces - it resulted in one party acquiring twelve towns in the Lille territory of the Spanish Netherlands, in exchange for restoring the Franche-Comte - two years later, the Treaty of Dover settled outstanding matters. The best known treaty at this place created a principality consisting of Guastalla, Piacenza, and Parma for Don Philip, and saw Britain acquire Madras in return for the fort of Louisbourg. FTP, name this site of a treaty that ended the War of Devolution, and one that ratified the conquest of Silesia by Frederick II of Prussia, ending the War of the Austrian Succession.
Answer: Aix-la-Chapelle (also accept Aachen)
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One interpretation of a myth says that this deity performed self-sacrifice, along with Tecciztecatl and Nanahuatzin, to create the sun. Another myth states that this deity was involved in the creation of the wind deity Ehecatl, who is usually an aspect of one of this god's children. This deity was the subject of a murder plot by Coyolxauqui who rallied the "four hundred southerners" into a mass beheading, until another deity sprang into life fully armed and slew them. Known for wearing a necklace of hearst, ahnds, and skulls and a skirt of writhing snakes, she was impregnated by a ball of feathers while sweeping a temple, leading her to birth twins. FTP, name this mother of Xolotl, Huitzlipoctli, and Quetzalcoatl, the Great Mother goddess of Aztec mythology.
Answer: Coatlicue
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A re-release of this album contains a cover of the Marvin Gaye song "Baby Don't You Do It." One song on this album was contributed by the bassist, noting that "I ain't been home since Friday night," and thus "murdered in cold blood is what I'm gonna be," by the title person "My Wife." This album absorbed ideas from a project which caused the departure of producer Kit Lambert, Lifehouse. Another song suggests that the singer "puts my finger down my throat" after reflecting that "No one knows what it's like to be the bad man." Yet another song begins with a synthesizer solo, finishes with a gypsy fiddle solo, and contains a bridge that implores "Don't cry. Don't raise your eyes" because "It's only teenaged wasteland." FTP, name this fifth album by The Who, which contains "Behind Blue Eyes" and "Baba O'Riley."
Answer: Who's Next?
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This play features a character who claims he is a "mere shadow of a man; of all ghosts haunting this town today, none is ghostlier than I." In the final scene, that character tells the story of a flute player who was able to chase away all the rats of a city before disappearing. One scene in this play begins with the protagonist and his tutor observing a cavern with a huge black boulder in front of it, and the play begins with images of an Idiot Boy and a statue of Zeus with white eyes and blood smeared on his cheeks being shown onstage. The protagonist seeks refuge in the Temple of Apollo, because he kills Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. FTP, name this play in which Zeus is the God of the title creatures, an adaptation of the Oresteia with an existential overlay, written by Jean-Paul Sartre.
Answer: The Flies
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A visit to the site of this battle, which is identified as Maiden Island, is recounted in "Two Weeks in the Wilderness" by Alexis de Tocqueville. When the first lieutenant of the winning side was wounded, the militia officer Robert Irvine was forced to take command, after that army had stripped the cannon at Fort Malden. During the departure from Black Rock, a thick fog briefly came to the aid of Robert Barclay. The other side's commander transferred to the Niagra after the flagship Lawrence was damaged; both of those ships were part of a ten-ship fleet hastily constructed at Put-In Bay, Ohio. FTP, name this battle that decided the Northwest phase of the War of 1812 as Oliver Hazard Perry destroyed the British fleet on the namesake body of water.
Answer: Battle of Lake Erie
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The number of secondary peaks produced by this phenomenon is governed by a theorem proved by McKenzie using Morse theory and known as the odd number theorem. The presence of external shear in the system causing this effect alters it per the formulation of Chang and Refsdal. Paczynski created a mass probe based on this effect that is used to find extra-solar planets when applied to the "micro-" form of this phenomenon. This phenomenon is exhibited in the appearance of the cloverleaf quasar and the Einstein cross. Perfect alignment of three bodies involved in this phenomenon leads to the formation of Einstein rings. FTP, name this phenomenon in which multiple images of a radiation source are produced due to the presence of a body between source and observer, a consequence of general relativistic bending of light's path by mass.
Answer: gravitational lensing (prompt on lensing)
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This artist's work was rediscovered when a monograph consisting of a five-point star enclosing a symbol resembling an inverted "m" was uncovered by curators at the Louvre. A late self-portrait by this painter utilizes the motif of a double-bowed violin, while another piece shows an oil lamp casting a long shadow off canvas at left, its flame flickering above the open hand of a fur-hatted man offering seven gold coins to a woman who is sewing and ignoring him. In addition to that work, Man Offering Woman Money, this artist's nominal Self-Portrait shows the painting of a man in blue playing a double-bowed violin by a woman reclining on a chair wearing a black, boned chest garment, circular lace collar, and sheer bonnet. Also known for The Flute Player and Jester with a Lute, FTP, name this painter who worked in Haarlem during the Dutch Renaissance, a female protegee of the Hals brothers.
Answer: Judith Jans Leyster
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W.H. Auden wrote a poem dedicated to this man that ends "He saves by suffering in a public place / a death reserved for slaves." Mary Glazener fictionalized the life of this man in her novel The Cup of Wrath. This figure was assisted by Payne Best, and he argued for the divine reality of the church by urging Christians not to wait for divine revelation. Another of his works argues that humanity should not believe in Christ's resurrection, putting that concept into a "realm of ambiguity," and argues against literal interpretation the Old Testament. This figure also informed Bishop George Bell of his plans to assist Abwehr, before he was arrested. FTP, name this author of The Cost of Discipleship and Letters and Papers from Prison, a German theologian executed by the Nazis for trying to assassinate Hitler.
Answer: Dietrich Bonhoeffer
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The title figure of this work walks like a black mist when shot at and groans like a thousand sinners when he died. One character tells about how he had to dive into a lake, only to be laughed at because the creature killed by his dog Bowie Knife was female. The title location of this story is described as a place where potatoes look like Indian Mounds. Found in its author's The Hive of "The Beehunter," this tale is set as a frame narrative in which the unnamed narrator listens to a story on a steamboat on the Mississippi. FTP, name this short story in which Jim Doggett kills the title ursine creature, written by Thomas Bangs Thorpe.
Answer: "The Big Bear of Arkansas"
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Though this man was better known for studying a different group, two of his late works are a study of German society, including Towards an Understanding of Germany. He wrote about the tendency to venerate elders and accord them special prestige in a work on "Age Societies," and wrote about evolution of social hierarchy and organization in The Origin of the State. His best known works argued that cultural traits frequently cross boundaries, making cultural evolutionism an untenable theory - those works include Primitive Religion and Primitive Society. Known for fieldwork among the Crow Indians, he notably argued that anthropologists should preserve aspects of indigenous culture before they disappear. FTP, name this man who developed salvage ethnography with his colleague Alfred Kroeber.
Answer: Robert Lowie
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Social reforms accomplished under this monarch include implementation of the "reduktion" campaign, which returned several estates from the nobility to the crown. This ruler acquired the repurchase of Gotland from the Livonian Order, and rejected a double-wedding proposal from England which would have married Henry V to this ruler's niece, Catherine, who later wed John of Neumarkt. The Compact of Nyborg returned Holstein to this ruler, who feuded with Henry of Mecklenberg when Henry attempted to establish his own rule. This monarch was succeeded by Eric of Pomerania, after previously serving as regent for him, and her marriage to Haakon allowed her to obtain one of her three seats of authority. FTP, name this queen who founded the Kalmar Union, uniting Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Answer: Queen Margaret I of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
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The Eisenberg group's Nazarov-Michael sequence used a catalyst employing this element for both steps, and the dodecacarbonyl of this element is used to prepare catalysts for the water gas shift reaction. George Morris and his mentor discovered a square planar catalyst with this element for alkene hydrogenation that is far faster than Wilkinson's; that compound is called Crabtree's catalyst. Another catalyst of this element was replaced when a rhodium catalyst was used instead to carbonylate methanol - that reaction is the Cativa Process. This element is the central component of Vaska's complex, and it was the first one to be shown to display the Mossbauer effect. The second-densest element after osmium, FTP, name this element shown to exist near the K-T boundary in support of the Alvarez Hypothesis, and is named for its rainbow-like color.
Answer: iridium
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One legend states that, on this holiday, one could throw a ninth of an apple over one's shoulder to obtain the answer to a question. Celebrants of this holiday put extra chairs around their tables to welcome the influence of spirits, though at other times, they practice transvestitism to fool the spirits into thinking that they are other people. One celebration of this holiday involves sticking one's head in a tub of apples and attempting to remove them with one's mouth; that bobbing is meant to commemorate the tree in the middle of Emhain Abhlach. Situated opposite Beltrane on the calendar, FTP, name this Pagan harvest holiday celebrated on November 1, which means "Summer's End."
Answer: Samhain (you can prompt "Halloween" until Emhain)
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In this work, one figure caries on his left side an abnormally short quiver seemingly made from a different, joined piece of material, though that join is less prominent in the plaster cast. A finished version of this work is held by the Louvre and the Hermitage, and its artist created a second depiction using apparently different models of the figures, where they are shown standing as one places a butterfly onto the hand of the other. In this work itself, the left arm of the higher figure supports the breasts of the lower, whose shroud is falling from her as her hands clasp the back of his head just below his wings. This marble sculpture, now located at the Met in New York, depicts an Apuleian variant of a myth in which the title god resurrects a woman with a kiss. FTP, name this Neo-Classical sculpture by Antonio Canova.
Answer: Cupid and Psyche by Antonio Canova [accept Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss or Psyche ranimee par le baiser de l'Amour]
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The symmetry group corresponding to this operation is Thompson's group F. Given two of one of the objects that this operation acts upon representing the same set, an important open question is the existence of a polynomial time algorithm to determine how many of these operations are required to convert one into the other; that number is known as this operation's namesake distance. Given an n-item example of the data structures that use this operation, deletion requires big-o of log n of these operations to maintain a log n height bound, though insertion requires only one of these operations, at the root, to do the same. This operation is used in the way just discussed to maintain balance in self-balancing binary trees. FTP, name this binary tree operation in which the positions of a parent and child node are switched.
Answer: a tree rotation
 
2009 FIST Bonuses by Illinois
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This short story sees Sylvia fail to disclose the location of the title creature to the hunter, passing up her chance to be rich. FTPE:,
[10] Name this story in which working for Mrs. Tilley in the wilderness allows the protagonist to observe a lot of nature, to the point that she's the only one who knows the location of the title creature.
Answer: "A White Heron"
[10] "A White Heron" was written by this author of The Country of Pointed Firs.
Answer: Sarah Orne Jewett
[10] In this other Jewett novel, Katherine Brandon perishes and bequeaths the family estate at the title town to Kate Lancaster's mother.
Answer: Deephaven
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This leader created the farming organization CNC to support his agrarian reforms and founded a national union known as CTM. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who ran on a platform of the Six Year Plan, and after fending off a revolt by Saturnino Cedillo, stepped down to serve as secretary of defense for Manuel Comacho.
Answer: Lazaro Cardenas del Rio
[10] One of Cardenas' most momentous decisions was his nationalization of Mexico's oil industry, which is controlled to the present day by this Cardenas-founded and state-owned company.
Answer: Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex)
[10] In a lavish ceremony, Cardenas burned the Plan of San Luis Potosi that had been issued by this previous Mexican president, whose term was ended when he was murdered by the forces of Victoriano Huerta during the ten tragic days.
Answer: Francisco Madero
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This lobe of the brain controls speech and visual perception. FTPE:,
[10] Name this lobe of the brain often associated with anomia, which sits above the temporal lobe. Pain and physical sensations of touch arise from here.
Answer: parietal lobe
[10] Damage to the left portion of the parietal lobe can result in this syndrome. Usually marked by damage to the gyruses of the parietal lobe, it can make it hard to write, do math, or distinguish the fingers. Its namesake also names a prion disease with Straussler and Scheinker.
Answer: Gerstmann's syndrome
[10] Gerstmann's syndrome can occur with or without the fluent form of this condition, a class of speech disorders with examples named for Broca and Wernicke.
Answer: aphasia
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This post-Impressionist often used pairs or trios of young women walking on beaches of his native Valencia, as seen in The Sisters and Walk on the Beach. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Spanish painter who frequently depicted boats pulled in from the sea, often by oxen, and showed a priest helping crippled boys bathe in his social-commentary-laden canvas Sad Inheritance.
Answer: Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida
[10] The canvas My Family by Sorolla shows the artist in the corner of a mirror at center holding palate and brush and his youngest daughter in white dress with red bow. These are almost certainly references to this work by Velazquez, which was given a large number of Cubist renderings by Picasso.
Answer: The Maids of Honor or Las Meninas or The Family of Felipe IV, or La familia de Felipe IV
[10] Wikipedia informs me that Sorolla gave a copy of his Sad Inheritance to this American impressionist painter. This teacher of Charles Demuth and Georgia O'Keefe founded the New York School of Art and painted Ready for the Ride.
Answer: William Merritt Chase
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Dark Beast created this group of mutants, who dwell in the sewers under New York City. FTPE:,
[10] Name this group of mutants, including Plague and the future Horseman of Death and Pestilence, Caliban. They were led by Callisto.
Answer: the Morlocks
[10] Callisto lost control of the Morlocks to this member of the X-Men after she won a duel. This X-Woman has the power to control the weather, and her real name is Ororo Munro.
Answer: Storm
[10] After the events of M-Day, Storm marries the Black Panther, making her the Queen of this fictional African kingdom.
Answer: Wakanda
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This article described the author's theory that the title proportion of his race was capable of becoming leaders through achieving a classical liberal education. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work which appeared in The Negro Problem, and was a description of the importance of African-American public intellectualism.
Answer: The Talented Tenth
[10] This author wrote The Talented Tenth in addition to pacifist works like Peace is Dangerous and In Battle for Peace. He also wrote The Souls of Black Folk.
Answer: William Edward Burghart DuBois
[10] Backed by Susan Wharton and funded by Samuel Lindsay, W.E.B. Dubois' second study was titled after a "Negro" from this city. The study included a demographic appendix by Isabel Eaton.
Answer: Philadelphia
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In this story, the narrator owns Mr. Tick, his cat, and decides to spend some time telling the reader everything owned by a dude in Brookston. FTPE:,
[10] Name this story whose other characters include Mrs. Desmond and Billy Holsclaw. It focuses on the narrator-poet living in B--, Indiana.
Answer: "In the Heart of the Heart of the Country"
[10] This postmodern author of "In the Heart of the Heart of the Country" wrote about the title character Brackett in his Omensetter's Luck.
Answer: William Gass
[10] Gass also wrote some "Reflections on the Problems of Translations" in a non-fiction work about "reading" this author, whose poems include "Archaic Torso of Apollo."
Answer: Rainer Maria Rilke
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This agreement consisted of three documents, the first of which recognized one party's control of Egypt and the other's control of Morocco. FTPE:,
[10] Name this set of agreements signed in 1904 which divided spheres of influence at the Mekam basin. Leon Gambietta and Albert Edward negotiated the agreement in London.
Answer: the Entente Cordiale [or cordial agreement]
[10] The Entente Cordiale was signed under the rule of this British monarch, who succeeded Victoria and was the only monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha before it was renamed Windsor.
Answer: King Edward VII of the United Kingdom
[10] The first document of the Entente Cordiale formally enforced this 1888 meeting, at which many European nations agreed to the free navigation of the Suez Canal.
Answer: The Convention of Constantinople
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In an ideal conductor, this quantity is quantized in units of Planck's constant over twice the electron mass. FTPE:,
[10] Name this quantity, the rate of change of which through an open surface is equal to the emf induced in the bounding curve of the surface.
Answer: the magnetic flux [prompt on flux or phi]
[10] The amount of magnetic flux subtended by the drift orbit of a particle in a magnetic field is this type of quantity. These quantities are formal constants of the motion of a system to first order in a time scale.
Answer: adiabatic invariants
[10] In a magnetic circuit, the magnetic flux is proportional to the line integral of this quantity. The curl of this quantity is the free current density.
Answer: the magnetic field strength [or H-field; prompt on magnetic field]
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The Isthmian Games were reportedly instituted to appease the ghost of this giant. FTPE:,
[10] Name this bandit who lived on the road to Athens and tied his victims to two bent pine trees, after which he'd let them go, ripping them apart.
Answer: Sinis or Siris
[10] This hero captured bad dudes like Sinis and Procrustes on his way to Athens. He did other cool things like killing the Minotaur, and not-so-cool things like leaving Ariadne on Naxos to die.
Answer: Theseus
[10] Sinis had a daughter named Perigune whom Theseus viciously raped in an asparagus patch, resulting in this son. A better known figure of this name was decapitated by Amphiaraus as part of an attempt to disgust Athena.
Answer: Melanippus
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This composer expounded his theory of future composition in Sketch for a New Aesthetic of Music, which he applied in works like 1914's Indian Fantasy for piano and orchestra. FTPE:,
[10] Name this piano prodigy who died before he could finish his ambitious opera Doktor Faust.
Answer: Ferruccio Dante Michelangelo Benvenuto Busoni
[10] Busoni wrote a suite of incidental music and an opera based on this play by Carlo Gozzi, which also titles an opera featuring the aria "Nessun dorma."
Answer: Turandot
[10] Busoni was perhaps best known in his lifetime as a transcriber and interpreter of this composer, especially of his Fantasie and Fugue in A Minor. Busoni's Fantasia Contrappuntistica is based on an unfinished work by this composer.
Answer: Johann Sebastian Bach (accept Sebastian Bach; prompt on partial answers)
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At one point, the speaker declares "I lift my voice aloud, / make Mantra of American language now, / I here declare the end of the War! Ancient days' Illusion!" FTPE:,
[10] Name this Allen Ginsberg poem that begins "I'm an old man now, and a lonesome man in Kansas."
Answer: "Wichita Vortex Sutra"
[10] Sutras are from India, which features Buddhism, which figures into the poetry of this man, who urged everyone to read his poetry and then bury it in the ground along with all the seeds the poetry collection came from. This man wrote In Watermelon Sugar and Trout Fishing in America.
Answer: Richard Brautigan
[10] Brautigan spent a good deal of time hanging out at the City Lights bookstore founded by this man, who wrote Pictures of the Gone World.
Answer: Lawrence Ferlinghetti
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Answer the following about computer graphics, FTPE.,
[10] This equation, introduced in a paper by James Kajiya, describes how light suffuses an environment given any number of collisions, conserving radiance. This integral equation is solved using a Monte Carlo Path.
Answer: rendering equation
[10] One way to approximate a solution to the rendering equation is by using this computationally intensive algorithm. It finds the trajectory of light beams by taking them from the camera out to objects in the scene.
Answer: ray tracing
[10] Ray tracing algorithms often employ this technique, present in divide and conquer algorithms like mergesort. Algorithms that use it call themselves.
Answer: recursion
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The triarchic theory of this concept divides it into analytic, creative, and practical, and was first described by Robert Stenberg. FTPE:,
[10] Name this concept which can be measured with the general factor g, or by the Stanford-Binet test, which determines its namesake quotient.
Answer: intelligence [accept clear-knowledge equivalents]
[10] This psychologist wrote about the "Structure and Function" of intelligence in one of his works, which describes the difference between fluid and crystallized versions of that concept. He also wrote the influential Factor Analysis.
Answer: Raymond Cattell
[10] This psychologist proposed a theory of multiple intelligences, including naturalistic and interpersonal. His works include beginning Project Zero.
Answer: Howard Gardner
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This sultan moved the Ottoman capital to Adrianople, which he renamed Edime, after subjugating John V Palaeologus and before defeating a crusade led by Amadeus VI of Savoy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Ottoman sultan whose forces won impressive victories at Maritsa River and Konya.
Answer: Murad I of the Ottoman Empire [prompt on Murad]
[10] A major victory for Murad's forces was this 1389 battle, which saw the smashing of a Bosnian-Serb coalition that had defeated the Ottomans at Plocnik.
Answer: the Battle of Kosovo
[10] Unfortunately for Murad, he was assassinated by this Serbian national hero toward the end of that very same Battle of Kosovo.
Answer: Milos Obilic (prompt on Milos)
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Name these poems by Charles Baudelaire…or in other words, name these poems from Flowers of Evil, FTPE.,
[10] This poem imagines "If rape, poison, daggers, arson / Have not yet embroidered with their pleasing designs, the Banal canvas of our pitiable lives / It is because our souls have not enough boldness." It ends by calling the title character "my fellow -, my brother!"
Answer: "To the Reader" or "Au Lecteur"
[10] The title creature of this poem "glides over the deep, briny sea." The winged creature that titles this poem also appears in another poem that features a Wedding Guest.
Answer: the Albatross or L'Albatross
[10] This sonnet personifies the title object as a woman that "sheds a furtive tear upon this globe." It is partially set on "the satiny back of the billowing clouds."
Answer: "Sadness of the Moon" or "Tristesses de la Lune" [accept reasonably close English translation]
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Answer some questions about the biggest source of unbuzzable clues in quizbowl, FTPE.,
[10] These constitutive equations include ones named for Benedict, Webb, and Rubin used to model petroleum, while the virial one takes the form of an infinite series.
Answer: equation of state
[10] This cubic equation of state originated as an empirical modification of the van der Waals equation. Poor for liquid-gas equilibria, its Soave modification replaces its a over the square root of T term with a general function of T and the acentric factor.
Answer: Redlich-Kwong equation
[10] Another cubic equation of state, this one was developed for modeling light liquid hydrocarbons. Ignoring differences in constant factors, it differs from the Soave equation in that its second term's denominator is greater by the product of molar volume and repulsive parameter b minus b squared.
Answer: Peng-Robinson equation
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One side in this conflict was able to gain a naval advantage by utilizing the corvus. FTPE:,
[10] Name this conflict which included battles at Mylae, the first victory for the Romans, and at Ecnomus. The treaty of Lutatius ended this war after a battle at the Aegadian Islands.
Answer: First Punic War
[10] During the land action of the First Punic War, the Carthaginians employed the Spartan General Xanthippus, who won a major battle at this African city, capturing Marcus Regulus in 255 BCE.
Answer: Tunis
[10] However, it was this general who oversaw most of the land fighting on behalf of the Carthaginians during the First Punic War. He was the father of Hannibal and father-in-law of Hasdrubal.
Answer: Hamilcar Barca
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In the Vedanta school, this concept is generalized to refer to the life spirit that animates the entire universe. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this concept from Hinduism and other eastern religions which more typically refers to the individual embodiment of the world soul.
Answer: atman
[10] Whereas the atman refers to a more cosmic self embodied in an individual, this concept refers solely to the indestructible individual soul.
Answer: jiva
[10] Although the ultimate goal of the jiva is sometimes considered to be moksha, or liberation from the world entirely, the jiva can sometimes achieve the goal of ultimate happiness while still on earth, in which case it is said to attain this state.
Answer: jivanmukti
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Let's name some German playwrights, FTPE.,
[10] This author wrote about the sprite Rautendelein in The Sunken Bell, in addition to Griselda and the novel Atlantis.
Answer: Gerhart Hauptmann
[10] This author of Emilia Galotti and The Jews wrote about the Ring Parable being told to Saladin in Nathan the Wise.
Answer: Gotthold Lessing
[10] This author of the excellent play The Last Days of Mankind put his aphorisms into Dicta and Contradicta.
Answer: Karl Kraus
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This incident provides the title of a book by John Marszalek partly subtitled "Manners, Mutiny, and Sex." FTPE:,
[10] Name this incident which occurred after the death of John Bowie Timberlake, and resulted in the replacement of Samuel Ingham with Louis McLane.
Answer: Peggy Eaton affair or the Petticoat Affair of 1831
[10] This second Postmaster General under Andy Jackson was prominent in his role as co-leader with Blair of the Kitchen Cabinet and as editor of the arch-Jacksonian Washington Globe.
Answer: Amos Kendall
[10] This strong backer of an independent Treasury served in Jackson's Cabinet as the second Secretary of the Navy and last Secretary of the Treasury, in which capacity he drafted and issued the Specie Circular.
Answer: Levi Woodbury
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This founder of La Nacion wrote a novel in which the titular woman, Soledad, lives in a rectangular house on the River Plate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author also known as a writer for the historical tomes Historia de Belgrano and Historia de San Martin.
Answer: Bartolome Mitre
[10] Bartolome Mitre ascended to the presidency of Argentina partly by securing the overthrow of this Argentine dictator in 1852 by leading forces against him at the Battle of Caseros.
Answer: Juan Manuel de Rosas
[10] Rosas was subsequently exiled to this city, the largest in Hampshire and closest city to the New Forest. This busy port city on England's south coast was the home port of RMS Titanic and the Mayflower.
Answer: Southhampton
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In one poem, this author talks about receiving a crown from Leigh Hunt. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of "On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again" who also wrote "Silent, upon a peak in Darien" in a work that begins "Much have I travell'd in the realms of gold."
Answer: John Keats
[10] In La Bell Dame Sans Merci, Keats discusses how the narrator was taken to one of these places, where the title character "wept, and sigh'd fill sore." It is also where the narrator "shut her wild wild eyes, with kisses four."
Answer: an elfin grot [prompt on "grot," prompt on "grotto" grudgingly accept "elfin grotto"]
[10] After the narrator-knight in La Belle Dame Sans Merci sat the title character on her "pacing steed," she sang this type of song.
Answer: faery song

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