Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_9sq7nbtsecmrbqqvj1pg48v3l5, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Harvard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man drove his rival Edward Collins out of business by refusing to accept a subsidy, but he shut down a venture nicknamed the "People's Line" after being paid off by his competitors. His wife Sophia operated a riverside hotel known as "Bellona Hall," and his longtime rivalry with Daniel Drew led him to be the target of a conspiracy by C.K. Garrison and Charles Morgan, his former business agents. Also known for financing the stock-broking career of Victoria Woodhull, his youth was spent working for Thomas Gibbons. He famously wrote "I will not sue you, as the law is too slow; I will destroy you" as part of the so-called "Erie War," in which he opposed Gould and Fisk for control of New York railroads. FTP, name this railroad baron nicknamed the Commodore, the namesake of a private university in Tennessee.
Answer: Cornelius Vanderbilt
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One historical sound change in this language family saw high vowels changed to non-high vowels where the following syllable was a non-high vowel, which is known as the "a-mutation" of this family. Certain consonants assimilate in the presence of "t" according to this family's spirant law. The doubling of y and w in this language family is explained by Holtzmann's Law. This family witnessed the changing of Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops into voiceless fricatives, setting off a chain shift, and one language in this family has the dialect Bokmal. FTP, name this linguistic family subject to Verner's Law and Grimm's Law, which includes Frisian, English, and Deutsch.
Answer: Germanic Languages (do not accept "German")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Schneider's theorem states that this property holds if the dimension of the incidence poset is equal to or less than 3, while Whitney's criterion states that this property holds if the structure in question has a dual. The Robertson-Seymour theorem is a generalization of another result that tests for this property, which deals with forbidden minors, and a depth-first search for branch points is performed in the Hopcroft-Tarjan algorithm for determining this property. Another result states that a structure has this property if and only if it doesn't have K sub 5 or K sub 3,3 as a subgraph; that result is Kuratowski's theorem. FTP, name this property of certain graphs that allows them to be embedded on a two-dimensional surface.
Answer: planarity [accept equivalents, like being planar]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel promises not to interfere with the property rights of the Rozlogi estate in return for consent to marry his beloved, and later that character is saved from Tugai Bey's wrath by a stranger who he found injured in a marsh and nursed back to health at the beginning of this novel. A maiden held captive by the witch Horpyna is rescued by a party led by the boisterous knight Zagloba, who learns the evil Bogun had orchestrated the kidnapping of Princess Helena because she promised her hand in marriage to the protagonist. At the end of this novel the protagonist, Lieutenant Pan Yan, alerts King Kasimir of the siege of Zbaraz in which Prince Yeremi fought off Hmelnitski's Cossack and Tartar forces. Forming a trilogy with Fire in the Steppe and The Deluge, FTP, name this bloody historical novel written by Henryk Sienkiewicz.
Answer: With Fire and Sword
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this man's contributions was proposing an "aesthetics from below," an empirical theory by which simple objects were ranked by how many subjects found them visually pleasing. He satirized the apparent medical belief that iodine was a panacea in "Proof That Man is Made of Iodine," written under his pseudonym Dr. Mises. He posited three periods of human existence beginning with sleep until birth, then "sleeping and waking," then permanent wakefulness after death in his The Little Book Concerning Life after Death. He also composed a work on the "Nanna" or "soul of plants," a worldview he continued to expound in his treatise Zend Avesta: On the Things of Heaven and the Hereafter. More famously, he showed that the log of the physical magnitude of stimulus multiplied by a constant is equal to perceived magnitude of a sensation. FTP, name this man who, along with Ernst Weber, was a founder of psychophysics.
Answer: Gustav Theodor Fechner
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the music video to this song, one speaker raps from a couch in front of an impressionist painting of a naked woman with a wine bottle covering her head, while another speaker wears a white dress with a woman's head on it. Lyrics sung by the main speaker include "watch me, I'm intoxicated," "watch me getting physical and out of control", and "I like to move it / come and give me some more." That singer, whose temperature is rising and about to explode, exhorts the listener to steal the night, kill the lights, and feel it under your skin. She's also infected by the sound and being killed by the beat, necessitating the title public health measure. FTP, name this summer 2009 hit by Cascada, whose refrain implores that part of a club be cleared of people.
Answer: Evacuate the Dancefloor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This treaty was first proposed by a mysterious diplomat by the name of "M. Bixio," and it was made public on the following New Year's Day in a threat to the ambassador Count Hubner. It was controversially negotiated without the participation of Count Walewski, one side's foreign minister, and a result of this treaty was the defeat of the army of Ferenc Gyulai. After being promised Savoy, one party to this agreement dispatched an army under Patrice MacMahon that won the Battles of Solferino and Magenta. FTP, name this treaty between Louis Napoleon and the Count di Cavour, in which France agreed to support Sardinian-led Italian unification.
Answer: Treaty of Plombieres [accept: Treaty of Plombieres-les-Bains]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author wrote a short story in which Rudolf Miller agonizes over confessing sins to Father Schwartz, like yelling "23 Skadoo" at an old woman. Another story sees a protagonist classify people as "feline" or "canine," and a man named in honor of Robert Service, Dangerous Dan McGrew - though the protagonist, a native of Tarleton, gets trapped in the title structure. In addition to "Absolution" and "The Ice Palace," this author wrote about a run-in with a girl from Harrisburg, during which Gordon asks Dean for a $300 loan in the story "May Day." Another story sees a descendant of George Washington read his slaves a proclamation by Nathan Bedford Forest stating the South won the civil war. In that work, a man from the town of Hades named John T. Unger witnesses Braddock trying to bribe god with a gigantic jewel. FTP, name this author of stories like "Babylon Revisited" and "The Diamond as Big as the Ritz".
Answer: Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Jacobsen's synthesis of quinine relied on one of these reactions, followed by epoxide formation, immediately before the final cyclization step. The main reagent used in this reaction can be regenerated using potassium ferricyanide or NMO, and stereoselectivity in this reaction is achieved by using either AD-mix-alpha or AD-mix-beta. Controversy exists as to whether the ligand complex adds to the reactant via a [3+2] cycloaddition or [2+2] addition followed by expansion, and the ligand consists of two DHQD units bound to PHAL, which creates an enzyme-like binding pocket. This reaction is a stereoselective modification of the Upjohn method and uses osmium tetroxide. It shares its namesake with an oxyamination and an epoxidation. FTP, name this reaction used to synthesize diols, named for the pioneer of click chemistry, the great American chemist K. Barry.
Answer: Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hegemony. Andre Gunder Frank's book ReOrient argues for a single one of these centered in China and lasting the last five thousand years. Theories about these entities divide countries into core, semi-peripheral, and peripheral zones. Dependency theorists argue that, in the modern one of these, the wealthy core countries exploit the poorer periphery. FTP, name these economic entities consisting of an international division of labor, whose analysis was pioneered by Immanuel Wallerstein.
Answer: world systems (prompt on just systems)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Visitors to this city might enjoy visiting the Jeevanjee Gardens, Sorsbie Art Gallery, David Sheldrick Centre, or Railroad Museum and they might arrive via the domestic Wilson Airport in the south. The dam named after this city is produced by the Motoine River, and its namesake river flows into the Athi River system in the southeast, though those waters have been polluted by this city's Kibera slums. Situated northwest of Machakos, it's sometimes called the "green city in the sun" and its name means "place of cool waters" in Masai, though the majority of its current residents are Kikuyu. Connected by rail to its country's second biggest city Mombasa, FTP, name this African capital home to plenty of stuff named for Jomo Kenyatta.
Answer: In one speech, this man cited his high school teacher Julia Coleman as saying "we must adjust to changing times and still hold to unchanging principles," while another speech criticizes "the mistaken idea of freedom, the right to grasp for ourselves some advantage over others." He gave the nickname "Cufflinks Carl" to one opponent of his, Carl Sanders, whom he defeated to occupy a post previously held by Lester Maddox. Known for signing the bill that created US Bankruptcy courts, he named Hamilton Jordan as his Chief of Staff and replaced William Miller in another post by nominating Paul Volcker as Chairman of the Federal Reserve. After Operation Eagle Claw, his Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigned. Criticized for his "malaise" speech and his handling of the Iran Hostage Crisis, FTP, name this 39th President of the United States and noted Georgia peanut farmer. James Earl Carter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Rox Anderson developed a method to use these devices to melt subcutaneous fat, and Copeland, Conrad, and Edwards at Vanderbilt pioneered their use in precision surgeries. Seeding via high-harmonic generation is used in one type of these devices.* One type of these devices relies on a process that creates microbunches separated by a distance of lambda, known as the SASE process. Examples of these devices include the XFEL in Germany, the LCLS device at SLAC, and FLASH in Hamburg. They require an array of magnets with an alternating pole known as an undulator, which then forces the relativistic particle beam into a sinusoidal configuration, which then emits photons via synchrotron radiation. FTP, name these laser devices which use a beam of negatively charged particles rather than bound states to generate light.
Answer: Nairobi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of these musical compositions opens with a unison F- G-flat - E-F motif in the strings. Another ends with a fermata chord to be held "tres long" and contains directions for the choir to perform all solos; that work was written by Maurice Durufle. Luigi Cherubini composed a notable one in C minor dedicated to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, which Beethoven remarked should be a model for all future versions. Dvorak's Opus 89 is another example in B-flat minor, while the first polyphonic setting is attributed to Johannes Ockeghem. Robert Schumann composed one of these "for Mignon" based on the work of Goethe, while a more famous one in fourteen movements was commissioned by Franz von Walsegg and completed by Franz Sussmayr. FTP, name this type of composition from which the "Dies Irae" was omitted by Faure, another example of which is the "German" one by Brahms.
Answer: free electron laser [accept laser until *; prompt after *]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to one legend, this emperor dreamed of a broken bow on the night that a barbarian leader he was at war with died. He reversed the foreign policy of his predecessor's favorite eunuch, Chrysaphius, most notably the payment of tribute to the Huns. He came to power after marrying that predecessor's sister, Pulcheria. This emperor refused to aid his counterpart Petronius Maximus against Geiseric, after allowing the assassination of Valentinian III and the sack of Rome by the Vandals in 4 One of the first acts of this successor to Theodosius II was to repudiate the "Robber Synod" and call a council condemning the Monophysites. FTP, name this Eastern Roman Emperor who convoked the Council of Chalcedon.
Answer: requiem masses
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of the final scenes in this novel gives details about the Morningdale Scandal, while much earlier the narrator describes the Tokens Controversy. Homosexuals in the novel are given the name "Umbrellas", and when the narrator gets caught going through a dirty magazine, she's looking at women's faces. Miss Lucy is found crying in Room 14 at one point, though earlier she indicated it wasn't crucial for students to get their work accepted to Madam Claude's gallery. The narrator admits to holding to an incorrect assumption about a woman told she couldn't have babies who ended up having them, while interpreting the title song as a youth. That protagonist, a long-time friend of Ruth, becomes a Carer, while her lover Tommy becomes a donor. FTP, identify this novel about children cloned to harvest organs by Kazuo Ishiguro.
Answer: Marcian
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This molecule's production by a namesake sulfurylase from PP-i is a coupling step in the pyrosequencing reaction, and this molecule is swapped into some proteins by MGE or GrpE. The N-terminal domain of Hsp70 binds it with the help of BAG- This compound binds to P2X ionotropic and P2Y metabotropic receptors. A vanadate bound analogue of it is used in crystallographic studies, while its gamma-S variety is hydrolyzed more slowly. AP-PNP is a non-hydrolyzable analogue of this compound, which is usually present as a negative 4 anion in solution. Like NAD and FMN, it can bind to a Rossman fold, and this compound is an inhibitor of both PK and PFK in glycolysis. It functions as the substrate for adenylate cyclase in the production of cAMP. Produced by a namesake rotor-like synthase from the electron transport chain, FTP, name this nucleotide, the primary energy currency of the cell.
Answer: Never Let Me Go
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this man's future projects is a scimitar-shaped apartment complex in Warsaw called Zlota 44, while another project is the white polyhedral addition to the City University of Hong Kong, the Creative Media Centre. He designed a cube-shaped building with diagonal slits for Bar-Illan University, the Wohl Convention Center. A shattered globe design was the inspiration for his Imperial War Museum in Manchester, and he added a glass courtyard to the Jewish museum in Berlin in addition to constructing the 2008 version of the Contemporary Jewish Museum in the Yerba Buena Gardens of San Francisco. He designed a series of residences and the spike-shaped Frederick C. Hamilton building as an extension to the Denver Art Museum, while another project will contain a transit station by Calatrava, a cultural complex by Gehry, and a centerpiece tower by David Childs planned to be 1776 feet tall. FTP, name this architect who won the contest to design the 9/11 memorial.
Answer: adenosine triphosphate [or ATP]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Bonuses
Answer: Daniel Liebskind
 
2009 FIST Bonuses by Harvard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He rides in a chariot driving by A Xiang, and is said to not enter houses in which two people are having sex, so you can ward him off using porn. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this figure that grew wings and obtained a hammer after eating some heavenly peaches, the Chinese god of Thunder.
Answer: Lei Gong
[10] Speaking of peaches, this Shinto diety uses peaches to knock over Yakusa-no-Ikazuchi during his escape from Yomi. He was running away from his maggot-ridden wife.
Answer: Izanagi
[10] Speaking again of plants, Thiazi kidnapped Idunn, the keeper of the golden eagles, away to this abode of his in Jotunheim. Its name means "Noisy Home."
Answer: Thrymheim
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His private designs include the Palazzo Dolfin and the Villa Garzoni at Pontecasale, but more famous is his 1529 designs at the Piazza di San Marco in Venice - including the Mint, or Zecca, and the Biblioteca Marciana. FTPE:,
[10] Name this late Renaissance sculptor who adopted the last name of his teacher Andrea, changing his name from Tatti.
Answer: Jacopo Sansovino
[10] The Biblioteca Marciana faces this Venetian building whose facades were once designed by Giovanni and Bartolomeo Buon. After its destruction by fire, it was connected by Antoni Contino to adjoining prisons via the Bridge of Sighs.
Answer: Doge's Palace (or Palazzo Ducale di Venezia or "Doge's Residence," etc.)
[10] For several years, Sansovino shared a studio with this painter. His most famous painting was done for the Poor Clares at the convent of San Francesco de Macci. That painting shows two putti grasping at the legs of a woman on a marble pedestal.
Answer: Andrea del Sarto
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
John P. Slough commanded the victorious militia at this battle, which according to Nolan Esser saved Denver from Confederate control. FTPE,,
[10] Name this 1862 Civil War battle, sometimes called the "Gettysburg in the West," a victory for Union forces over Pyron and Scurry.
Answer: Battle of Glorieta Pass
[10] Glorieta Pass and the Battle of Valverde were Civil War battles fought during the campaign of Henry Sibley in this present U.S. state.
Answer: New Mexico
[10] Upon returning from Glorieta Pass, a Colorado militia unit under J.M. Chivington committed this massacre of Cheyene Indians in Colorado. According to his Wikiquote, Chivington declared "I have come to kill Indians, and believe it is right and honorable to use any means under God's heaven to kill Indians."
Answer: Sand Creek Massacre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These complexes contain a zero ionic layer buried within the leucine zippers, and obey the so-called Zipper hypothesis. FTPE:,
[10] Name these complexes that include the calcium sensor synaptotagmin, which are responsible for the fusion of vesicles to the cell membrane during exocytosis.
Answer: SNAREs or Soluble NSF Attachment Protein Receptors
[10] SNAREs are particularly important for the release of neurotransmitters into these spaces between neurons, which can be either chemical or electrical.
Answer: Synapses
[10] This other protein, which is a GTPase, is responsible for breaking vesicles off of the golgi apparatus and other organelles. It forms a spiral structure which it uses to pinch the vesicles off.
Answer: Dynamin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The escape of a Cristero soldier named Feliciano Ruelas is the subject of one story in this collection, "The Night They Left Him Alone." FTPE:,
[10] Name this collection which also includes the story of Juvencio, who begs his son Justino to help stop his execution in "Tell Them Not To Kill Me!"
Answer: The Burning Plain and Other Stories (or En Llano en Llamas)
[10] This author of The Burning Plain and Other Stories wrote about Juan Preciado and his conversations with ghosts in Pedro Paramo.
Answer: Juan Rulfo
[10] This short story from The Burning Plain opens with the sentence "Everything is going from bad to worse here" and discusses how the twelve-year-old Tacha's cow was washed away in a flood as well as what happened to Tacha's lascivious older sisters.
Answer: "We're Very Poor" (or "Es que somos muy pobres")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about Slovakian geography FTPE.,
[10] Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, sits on this flat eastern European plain, which stretches all the way to northern Serbia and also includes virtually all of modern Hungary.
Answer: Panonian Plain
[10] The high Tatras Mountains of northern Slovakia are a sub-range of this major mountain system which arcs from Bratislava to the Iron Gate. It features little and white divisions, and serves as the source of rivers like the Dniester and Vistula.
Answer: Carpathian Mountains
[10] The border between Slovakia and Austria is formed by this river that forms from the Ibar River and flows into the Danube at Bratislava. It gives its name to a geographic region associated with Slovakia.
Answer: Morava River (or Morva, but not Moravia)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about religious music and dance, FTPE.,
[10] This ram's horn is blown in synagogue on Rosh Hashanah, as indicated by its designation as Yom T'ruah, to commemorate its initial blowing on Mount Sinai.
Answer: shofar
[10] The binghi, or nyabinghi, is a dance held at important times of the year in Rastafarianism, such as the coronation of Haile Selassie. It features lots of ritual drumming, which is said to represent the voice of this deity, the word for "god" in Rastafarian teaching.
Answer: Jah
[10] This term refers to the ceremonial dance of Shinto tradition, supposedly introduced by descendants of Uzume. It is sometimes accompanied by gagaku court music, and when preceded by sato, it refers to village folk dancing.
Answer: kagura
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work suggests that the title subject is "a science, or an answering of questions" that is pursued by interpretation of evidence "for the sake of human self-knowledge." FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1946 work collected by the author's student T. Malcolm Knox from his lecture notes, which analyzes the thought of figures from Herodotus and Thucydides to Croce and Toynbee.
Answer: The Idea of History
[10] This British philosopher and archaeologist wrote The Principles of Art and The Idea of History.
Answer: R(obin) G(eorge) Collingwood
[10] In his final book, Collingwood reflected on World War II by writing a "new" version of this philosophical classic, which describes the life of man in the state of nature as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short."
Answer: Leviathan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about Type II superconductivity, none of which have to do with d-wave symmetry or Uemura plots, which are now in the canon, sucker! FTPE:,
[10] Like Type I superconductors, type II superconductors may be described by this triply-eponymous theory, whose second namesake also lends his name to two-electron pairs which, as bosons, can all occupy the same ground state.
Answer: BCS theory [or Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer theory]
[10] Type II superconductors uniquely have these vortices of supercurrent, which has the size of about the coherence length from Ginzburg-Landau theory.
Answer: Abrikosov vortex [or fluxons]
[10] Wu and Chu synthesized this crystalline solid, which was the first material to exhibit superconductivity above 77 K.
Answer: YBCO or Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
While fleeing town dressed as a woman, this man was arrested by Jonas Bond. FTPE,,
[10] Name this colonial royal governor who was appointed by James II to head the short-lived Dominion of New England before being overthrown during the Glorious Revolution.
Answer: Edmund Andros
[10] Along with his chief henchman Francis Nicholson, Sir Edmund Andros was the target of this 1689 rebellion in New York.
Answer: Jacob Leisler's Rebellion
[10] In Massachusetts, the colonists proclaimed this direct ancestor of John Lithgow as their new Governor after Andros was overthrown; he stayed in office for three years before the King replaced him.
Answer: Simon Bradstreet
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It traditionally includes a solo dance for Myrthe, queen of the spirits, as well as a dance in which Hilarion reveals the identity of the aristocrat-in-disguise Loys. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ballet whose title character saves Albrecht from some malevolent female sprites.
Answer: Giselle (or Les Wilis)
[10] This composer of Giselle also did an opera about a fickle coachman named Chapelou called The Coachman of Lonjumeau.
Answer: Adolphe Adam
[10] Adam also wrote this opera about Don Belflor, the title character whose wife Coraline tricks him into moving her flute-playing lover Tracolin into the house with them. Its extended title is "The Perfect Agreement."
Answer: The Toreador (Le Toreador)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel's protagonist sends a call to Lapps for help and is sent a harelipped woman in return. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel in which Isak leaves his small Norwegian village to find a new homestead and fathers four children by his wife Inger.
Answer: Growth of the Soil or Markens grode
[10] This Norwegian dude wrote Growth of the Soil and described the wanderings of a nameless narrator around Kristiana in Hunger.
Answer: Knut Hamsun
[10] Subtitled From the Papers of Lieutenant Thomas Glahn, this other Hamsun novel recounts that character's stormy romance with Edvarda Mack. Glahn eventually pisses off the narrator, his hunting partner, so much that the latter decides to shoot him.
Answer: Pan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His trio sonatas include "La Visionnaire" and "La Superbe," and this composer of Les Nations also wrote four books of "orders" for the instrument in which he specialized. FTPE:,
[10] Name this composer sometimes given the epithet "le Grand" and always considered a master of the harpsichord.
Answer: Francois Couperin
[10] This composer and performer wrote a Chanson et Pavane for Louis XIII and La Precieuse "in the style of Couperin." For years, those works were attributed to Couperin because this composer of Praeludium and Allegro in the style of Pugnani didn't want critics to lambaste him for his compositions. When they found out he wrote them, they complained anyway.
Answer: Fritz Kreisler
[10] Kreisler also transcribed many works for violin and piano, such as the string orchestra piece "Molly on the Shore" by this Australian composer of Country Gardens. This Australian composer found Kreisler "uncharming and unmusical." He was Australian.
Answer: Percy Grainger
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It differs from Shannon-Fano coding in building the tree from the bottom up, and a version of it is used in some forms of JPEG compression. FTPE:,
[10] Name this encoding algorithm that creates a prefix code for each symbol, with a longer code going to a less frequent character.
Answer: Huffman coding
[10] This other compression algorithm creates a dictionary by scanning for successively longer substrings and adding unknown ones to the dictionary, and decodes via a concatenation process.
Answer: Lempel-Ziv-Welch coding or LZW coding
[10] This value is equal to the information content of each symbol multiplied by its weight, summed over all symbols, or alternately as the sum of the product of each weight times its log base 2.
Answer: Entropy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Sometimes the bear fucks up. Answer the following about Russian foreign policy mistakes FTPE.,
[10] Nicholas II sent a Russian fleet around the world to get sunk at the Tsushima Straits, resulting in this humiliating treaty that ended the Russo-Japanese war.
Answer: Treaty of Portsmouth
[10] Tsar Paul, the son of Catherine the Great, created this alliance of countries that refused to help Britain against Napoleon. A young Horatio Nelson sent their navy to the bottom of the jolly roger at the Battle of Copenhagen and Paul was killed in a coup shortly thereafter.
Answer: League of Armed Neutrality [accept: League of the North]
[10] In the fiasco that was the Cuban Missile Crisis, Khrushchev managed to negotiate the US removal of this class of medium-ranged ballistic missiles from Turkey. Too bad they were obsolete and going to be removed anyway.
Answer: PGM-19 Jupiter MRBM
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
As a youth, the title character is crushed by the death of his friend Flavian, remarking that with his death went "all the religion of his childhood.",
[10] Name this novel in which the pagan title character lives on the estate Whitenights in Italy and is joined by Cornelius, whom he assumes is the husband of the Christian philanthropist Cecilia.
Answer: Marius the Epicurean
[10] This British critic wrote Marius the Epicurean, as well as Imaginary Portraits and Studies in the History of the Renaissance.
Answer: Walter Pater
[10] One source says that Pater couldn't get enough of this titillating Victorian novel. This best known work by Mary Elizabeth Braddon focuses on Lucy Graham, who conceals her role in the supposed murder of George Talboys.
Answer: Lady Audley's Secret
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
I'm sitting in an immunology class; play along with me and answer these questions about T cells and immunlogical tolerance, for 10 points each.,
[10] As their name might suggest, T cells are generated in the bone marrow but mature in this small, fatty organ located in the neck. Mice were recently found to have a second one.
Answer: Thymus
[10] Peripheral T cell tolerance is often mediated by this process, in which a T cell that encounters a compatible antigen without a co-stimulatory signal becomes unresponsive to that antigen.
Answer: Anergy
[10] This class of T cells, alongside helper and cytotoxic T cells, are responsible for down-regulating immune responses to prevent runaway activation. Their production is thought to be a "goldilocks" process dependent on the Foxp3 transcription factor.
Answer: Regulatory or Suppressor T cells
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Members of this group include Douglas Gordon and Rachel Whiteread, and their first major exhibition was called Freeze. FTPE:,
[10] Name this group with members like the artist of The Virgin Mother as well as Tracey Emin.
Answer: Young British Artists
[10] This artist of The Virgin Mother created a shark "sculpture" in some formaldehyde, entitled The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Something Living.
Answer: Damien Hirst
[10] This group formed to oppose the Young British Artists. Members included Ella Guru, Frances Castle, and Billy Childish.
Answer: Stuckism
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Several of this man's embarrassing dreams, including one in which he converted to Catholicism, became public knowledge when his private diary was published prior to his execution. FTPE,,
[10] Identify this high-church Archbishop of Canterbury appointed by Charles II, who was harshly criticized by Puritans in the run up to the English Civil War.
Answer: William Laud
[10] The trial that executed William Laud was presided over by this Puritanical House of Commons leader and prolific pamphleteer. Ironically, for his Presbyterian views, he was purged during Pride's Purge.
Answer: William Prynne
[10] State-sanctioned Popery had returned to English soil when this Catholic wife of James I was allowed to open a Jesuit-staffed chapel at the royal residence of Somerset House.
Answer: Anne of Denmark
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An effort to show that this experiment's results were due to unique aspects of American culture was foiled when its results were replicated in Portugal. FTPE,,
[10] Name this conformity experiment involving lines of different length, named for a Polish psychologist.
Answer: Solomon Asch Experiment
[10] Solomon Asch helped define this concept, in which the source of an opinion influences whether it is adopted. He used an experiment in which a quote was attributed to Jefferson or Lenin.
Answer: prestige suggestion
[10] Suggestion is also associated with this 19th century school of hypnosis studies named for a French city. It held that hypnosis was just a special case of the larger phenomenon of suggestion, and its leaders included Ambroise-Auguste Liebeault and Hippolyte Bernheim.
Answer: Nancy school

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_9sq7nbtsecmrbqqvj1pg48v3l5, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0