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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Editors 2
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This group of pieces includes one that quotes the "Valhalla" and "Magic Fire Music" motifs from Wagner's Ring cycle and repeats a triplet rhythm in the timpani in all of its movements. That three-movement piece was conducted at its premiere by Bedrich Smetana. The third movement of another of these compositions contains a trio on a theme from its composer's opera The Stubborn Lover. That piece's fourth movement opens with a trumpet fanfare, followed by a lyrical cello theme and orchestral variations on that theme - and it is the eighth of this group. The first of this group originally had only three movements; that C major work is subtitled "The Bells of Zlonice." FTP, name this group of works, the most famous of which may or may not incorporate Native American tunes, and is subtitled "From the New World."
Answer: symphonies of Anton Dvorak
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The tensions of the title character in this novel are eased by a gilded birthday gift, after his rival suitor breaks his pipe and calls up a debt of four bits. The chief female character makes Noah's Ark toys for her rich Uncle Oelbermann, and she was courted by her husband at a vaudeville show where her younger brother August peed his pants. Two characters in the work were based on the author's earlier short story "Judy's Service of Gold Plate" - those characters are the red-headed Polish Jew Zirco and the wife he ends up killing, Maria Macabo. Trouble arises when the protagonist calls his miser - and Marcus Schouler, the cousin of his wife Trina who wins the lottery, ends this work by hunting him down in Death Valley. FTP, name this "Story of San Francisco," a novel about a dentist by Frank Norris.
Answer: McTeague: A Story of San Francisco
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These cells appear to be the cause of Gorham-Stout syndrome. TheY secrete cathepsin-K and sit in cavities called Howship's lacunae, attaching to their target using integrins like alpha v beta three. RANK ligand, also known as TNF-related activation-induced cytokine, is essential to their formation, and they function by using carbonic anhydrase to pump out protons, which helps the target decay into a certain cation, as well as phosphoric acid and carbonic acid. Prostaglandin E and vitamin D3 oddly lack receptors on these cells. Parathyroid hormone increases the number of these TRAP-positive differentiated macrophages, while calcitonin inhibits their activity. FTP, name these cells whose role it is to resorb bone, which are often contrasted with osteoblasts.
Answer: osteoclasts
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One ruler of this name was married to Saint Itta, by whom he gave birth to Saint Gertrude of Nivelles. Another ruler of this name married a woman named Plectrude, who after his death, attempted to install their son Theudwald. That ruler won the pivotal Battle of Testry over Bertaire and Theoderic to cement dominance of his tribe. The first figure bore the epithet "of Landen," while the second figure was dubbed "of Heristal." A more famous one laid siege to Pavia in order to defeat king Aistulf of the Lombards, after which he was anointed by Pope Stephen II. The second one subjugated the Neustrian line of Franks to the Austrasian line while he acted as mayor of the palace. FTP, give this name shared by the father of Charles Martel, and the father of Charlemagne known as "the Short."
Answer: Peppin (or Pippin)
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Along with Holbrook Working, this man is the namesake of hyperbolic confidence bands which were first introduced in their work "Applications of the Theory of Error to the Interpretation of Trends." He also gives his name to the fundamental rule of natural resource extraction, which says that optimal exploitation of such resources happens when unit price is equal to discount rate. Another result named for this man is demonstrated by considering two ice cream vendors on a mile of beach with an even distribution of customers. That law, formulated in his work "Stability in Competition," predicts that producers in some commodity markets will make their products as similar as possible, reducing variety for the consumer. FTP, name this American economist who also gives his name to a T-square distribution.
Answer: Harold Hotelling
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One artist with this last name depicts four seated men playing instruments while three woman watch in The Quartet, while four seated women in gold gowns rest on a couch in The Dreamers. That man painted a bare-footed woman in a long pink gown against a background of small white flowers in a canvas inspired by Japanese art, Blossoms. Another artist with this last name made several drawings for his daughter Mary while preparing for an exhibition in Florence - those works became known as his Sheep Sketchbook. He also used intertwining red and blue string in a piece called Bird Basket, and created a work entitled King and Queen at the Hirshorn Gardens in Scotland. But, he's better known for pieces at the UNESCO in Paris and the Lincoln Center pool, as well as Knife Edge Mirror Two Piece at the National Gallery of Art. FTP, give the last name of Victorian artist Albert Joseph, or the last name of the man who worked on several Reclining Figures, a 20th century British sculptor.
Answer: Moore (accept Henry Moore or Albert Joseph Moore)
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The German critic Friedrich Luft notably called this work the "twilight of the Gods in the gutter," while Mary Anderson examined it as a "sociopolitical tract." At one point, a character asks "but that was the jazz of a very special hotel, wasn't it?" after he relates his homosexual experience with a Greek boy, and then he discusses the "value difference between pornographic playing cards when you're a kid?and when you're older." We are then told the story of a dog, who's all black except for his bloodshot eyes and constant erection, and gets fed hamburger meat for several days, but keeps attacking so he's fed rat poison. We constantly hear how one character has two daughters instead of a son, and has two cats and two parakeets in a cage, which appear in this work's prequel Homelife. FTP, name this play which ends when Jerry stabs himself after lunging at Peter, the first play by Edward Albee.
Answer: The Zoo Story
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This woman's daughter wrote an essay entitled "Communism and its Tactics," which prophesied the coming of glorious socialism and was serialized in a magazine she founded, the Workers Dreadnought. This woman's interviews with Rheta Child Dorr were published as her autobiography My Own Life, which devotes several chapters to her husband, a lawyer known as the "Red Doctor." She promoted the motto "Deeds, not words" as the leader of an organization targeted by the so-called "Cat and Mouse" Acts, during which time she worked with her daughter Christabel to sanction a string of arson attacks. FTP, name this founder of the Women's Social and Political Union in 1903, who antagonized the government of H.H. Asquith as a leading suffragette in Britain.
Answer: Emmeline Pankhurst (accept Sylvia Pankhurst if someone says it before "Red Doctor")
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Livio, Ogilvy, and Pringle argued that viscous heating in these entities dominates the energy emissions owing to another mechanism of emission attacked by Ghosh and Abramowicz. That mechanism, which suggests that in the presence of a poloidal magnetic field, rotational energy could be extracted into a toroidal field, is the Blandford-Znajek mechanism. Balbus and Hawley proposed that a magnetorotational instability in these objects could provide necessary angular momentum transport, while at one time turbulence-enhanced viscosity was thought to permit matter in these to radiate energy outwards, compensating for angular momentum lost from infalling matter, in the alpha model of Shakura and Sunyaev. In pulling off the outer layers of its red giant partner, white dwarfs form these structures. The namesake of a model of quasar energy generation, FTP, name these structures formed from material orbiting and spiraling inward towards a massive body, especially black holes.
Answer: accretion discs
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One of this god's sons was kept a secret by enclosing him in a box and sending him down the Asva River, but he was pulled out by Adhiratha who raised him with his wife Radha. That son was born when Kunti summoned this god using a mantra of Durvasa, only to discover that she'd obliged herself to have a virgin birth. This god's wife escaped him by creating a shadow of herself named Chaya, which bore him children like Tapati. When he found that Chaya was not his true wife, this god took the form of a stallion and seduced his wife in the forest to produce Nasatya and Dasra, also known as the Aswin twins. This god is commonly cited as a member of the first Vedic triad along with Indra and Agni, and he's often depicted with seven horses and Aruna, who drives his one-wheeled chariot. FTP, name this ancient Hindu god of the sun.
Answer: Surya
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This architect wrote "Order is intangible. It is a level of creative consciousness forever becoming higher in level" in his statement often called "Order Is." He advocated the idea of a "society of rooms" in which rooms of a residence speak to one another, and consist of "servant" and "served" spaces - an idea on display at his Esherick House in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania. Later on, he worked with his wife, the landscapist Harriet Pattison, and during that time finished the Capital Complex in Dhaka, Bangladesh complete with a man-made moat surrounding the National Assembly. Also known for the Kimbell Museum in Fort Worth and the Exeter Library in New Hampshire, his most famous commission may be the Salk Institute in La Jolla. FTP, name this architect extensively used brick and poured-in concrete and was, much like our good buddy Arvo Part, born in Estonia.
Answer: Louis Kahn
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This author wrote about two rival spies in Paris who get involved with the nightclub dancer Nicolette Alford in his early novel File on a Diplomat. The actor Joseph Malan sits in jail after killing his lover Jessica Thomson in the novel Looking on Darkness. Three days in the life of Martin Mynhardt, the chairman of the Mining Chamber, is the subject of Rumours of Rain. Together with Etienne Le Roux and Breyten Breytenbach, this writer founded a literary movement called Die Sestigers, or the "Sixtyers." He's better known for a book about teacher Ben Du Toit, who works with the barrister Ian McKenzie to help a black janitor Gordon investigate the death of his son - that novel is A Dry White Season. Also the author of An Instant in the Wind, FTP, name this man from South Africa who wrote anti-Apartheid works and is the best known author of Afrikaans literature.
Answer: Andre Brink
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This scientist gives his name to a model with modifications including the Cole-Cole equation and, more generally, the Havrilak-Negami equation. He names a family of functions, f of x equals n over x to the n times the integral from zero to x of t to the n over quantity e to the t minus one dt. His name is sometimes given to a solution of Maxwell's equations for spherical particles of non-negligible radius. This namesake of a model of dipole relaxation is the partial namesake of a quantity giving the attenuation of Bragg scattering, and the partial namesake of a law that sets a term proportional to the square of charge number, the square of elementary charge, and his namesake screening depth equal to the log of the activity coefficient. That factor is named for him and Waller, while the law is named for this man and Huckel, and he also developed a t-cubed dependent heat capacity model. FTP, name this physicist, whose namesake length describes shielding in plasmas.
Answer: Peter Joseph William Debye
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This man co-authored a book which ends with an afterward entitled "T.C.B.," standing for his motto "Take Care of Business" - other chapters in the book include "The Search for New Forms" and "Dynamite in the Ghetto." In his early years, he was a member of the Morris Park Dukes, a street gang in New York, and later was a founder of the Lowndes County Freedom Party in Alabama. In quick succession, he married the singer Miriam Makeba and the doctor Marlyatou Barry, a few years after writing the above book with political scientist Charles V. Hamilton. He attained his first notable position by succeeding John Lewis, but later he chose to serve as an aide to Sekou Toure, moving into a seaside villa in Guinea and taking the honorary name Kwame Ture. FTP, name this one-time chair of SNCC in 1966, who controversially raised the slogan of "Black Power."
Answer: Stokely Carmichael (accept Kwame Ture before "Toure," and accept Charles Hamilton before "Morris Park" in case anyone wants to guess the other co-author of the book)
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One character does modeling work under the alias Finn Smulders, as evidenced by a large photo of him advertising for Mighty Meat Sausages in the Sunday newspaper, which is used to blackmail him. A recurring meeting spot is the restaurant CheeseyBeards, which is referred to as an "extortion hut" by Herman, who brings his own sliced cheese so he can save 5 cents per cheeseburger, since his "non-paying job" forces him to live off his grandfather's inheritance and birds he's captured in the alley. Recently, we've been introduced to Mr. Wiggly, who's chosen to join the central group instead of Riley, the sadistic roommate of stuntman Wade. Season one ends with the Indian mother of Zaboo punching the protagonist in the face, while Clara still has no idea where her kids are. Cyd Sherman goes by the name Codex and is played by Felicia Day in, FTP, what online series about MMORPG players?
Answer: The Guild
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At one point, this work quotes Cardinal de Retz as saying that great dangers have their charms, because there is some glory to be got even when we miscarry. In an oft-cited passage, the author writes that a certain "spirit of system" and a "love of art and contrivance" can cause us to value the means more than the end, in a chapter entitled "Of the beauty which the appearance of Utility bestows upon the productions of art." The second part discusses the "merit and demerit" of actions as their "good or ill desert," while earlier the author claims that "imaginary change of situation" is the main characteristic of sympathy. More famously, this work claims that the "man within the breast" is the abstract and ideal spectator who must be awakened and put in mind of his duty by the real spectator. Inspired by the author's teacher Frances Hutcheson, FTP, name this ethical treatise, the first major work by Adam Smith.
Answer: The Theory of Moral Sentiments
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This dynasty saw a particularly chaotic time known as the period of "four moons and three kings," during which one king agreed to the Harmand treaty. One of its rulers sparked an incident by refusing to meet with the commander of the gunboat Cleopatra. That ruler symbolized the power of this family by ordering construction of the Nine Dynastic Urns, cast from bronze and associated with seven altars at a site called the "Temple of Generations." The first of its thirteen rulers came to power by defeating the Tay Son monarchy with help from the missionary Pierre Pigneau de Behaine. That ruler took the name Gia Long as a symbol of national unity in 1802, and this dynasty lasted until the abdication of Bao Dai in 19 FTP, name this last ruling family in Vietnam.
Answer: Nguyen Dynasty
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One class of instruments used in this field is sometimes used in a BEB combination and may be arranged in geometries like Hinterberg-Konig and Mattauch-Herzog. Those "sector instruments" complement other methods, of this, such as a method employing Bradbury-Neilson shutters, the so-called time-of-flight method, which is often paired with soft techniques best for large biomolecules like MALDI and electrospray ionization. This technique attains energies that may result in the McLafferty rearrangement, and that time-of-flight method sees particles accelerated by an electric field of known strength, which has predictable results because this technique is meant to separate particles by the ratio of a certain property and charge. FTP, name this analytic technique whose "base peak" represents the most abundant fragment size, a technique that breaks up molecules into little chunks and forms a spectrum of their sizes.
Answer: mass spectrometry [or MS; or mass spectroscopy]
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Kenneth Miner wrote about noun stripping and loose incorporation in the language of these people, while Carol Condie wrote about "problems of Chomskyan analysis" of transitivity in their language. A more recent book about their "enigma" was written by Nancy Yaw Davis, and compares cognates in their language with those in Japanese. The "cult of the Beast Gods" is discussed in a notable work on them by Bunzel. The "Lhamana" is a person in this culture who fills both male and female roles - a fact discovered by Frank Hamilton Cushing when he met what he thought was one of their princesses. Cushing was made a member of their "priesthood of the bow" after having gone native amongst these peoples, and Alfred Kroeber wrote a text on their "kin and clan." FTP, name these peoples whose mythology was written about by Ruth Benedict, a Pueblo Indian tribe of the southwest.
Answer: Zuni (or Zuni Pueblo, but has to mention Zuni)
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One poem titled after this object declares "the voiceless dead of long-forgotten lands proclaim to us their heaviness and wrong" - that poem was written by Sara Teasdale. In another poem by this name, the poet rejects "these shapings of the unregenerate mind" as "bubbles that glitter as they rise and break on vain Philosophy's aye-babbling spring." At its beginning, the poet sits beside a "Cot o'ergrown with white-flower'd Jasmin" and "broad-leav'd Myrtle," and declares "My pensive Sara! Thy soft cheek reclined thus on mine arm." In a more famous passage, that poem notes the "soft floating witchery of sound as twilight Elfins make," while this object leans up against an ivy-covered wall as the addressee of an Eduard Morike poem. FTP, give the title of the aforementioned Samuel Coleridge poem, or the instrument these works are all named after, played by the Greek god of wind.
Answer: the Aeolian Harp (accept "To an Aeolian Harp" at any time, the title of Teasdale and Morike poems)
2009 FIST Bonuses by Editors 2
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This thinker considers strategies of balancing and bandwagoning as they apply to strong and weak states in his 1987 work The Origins of Alliances. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Harvard-based IR theorist who more recently wrote Taming American Power: The Global Response to U.S. Primacy, and who developed "balance of threat" theory.
Answer: Stephen Walt
[10] Walt is a proponent of this IR school founded by Kenneth Waltz, named because it grew from an earlier approach of men like E.H. Carr. It focuses on balances of power amongst sovereign states.
Answer: Neorealism
[10] Walt co-authored The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy with this fellow neorealist. This author of Conventional Deterrence is best known for promoting "offensive realism" in his 2001 book The Tragedy of Great Power Politics.
Answer: John J. Mearsheimer
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Name these combative personas in American history, FTPE.,
[10] After Monck's Corner and the surrender of Charlestown, this general was given command over the remaining guerilla force in South Carolina. He was chased around by Banastre Tarleton, whose observations led this man to be known as the "fighting Gamecock."
Answer: Thomas Sumter
[10] The "Fighting Little Judge" is a popular nickname of this man, who was nearly assassinated by Arthur Bremer in 1972 partway through his second term as governor of Alabama. He ran for president as an independent in 1968.
Answer: George Wallace
[10] The most amusing person with the nickname the "Fighting Quaker" is undoubtedly this author of the book War is a Racket. Also known as "Old Gimlet Eye," this well-traveled Marine decried industrial profiteering when he testified to Congress about a supposed "Business Plot" to overthrow FDR.
Answer: Smedley Darlington Butler
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This process is thought to occur via the deamination of a cytosine residue. FTPE:,
[10] Name this process, which forces genetic changes at or around the site of deamination by making error-prone polymerases, sensing a mismatch, replace the resulting uracil bases.
Answer: somatic hypermutation [or SHM]
[10] That process occurs particularly in genes coding for these proteins, whose enormous variability is ensured by V(D)J recombination.
Answer: immunoglobulins [or Ig; or antibodies]
[10] Antibody production is downregulated by the namesake "cationic protein" of these cells. Like basophils and neutrophils, they are granulocytes.
Answer: eosinophils
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Alicia Mindreau is the daughter of the Colonel who is involved with an air force lieutenant named Dufo. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1986 novel in which Officer Lituma and Lieutenant Silva of the Civil Guard investigate the death of the title character, a guitar player in the Peruvian town of Talara.
Answer: Who Killed Palomino Molero? (Quien mato a Palomino Molero?)
[10] Along with The Buccaneer and The First Flight, Maxwell Anderson collaborated with Laurence Stallings on this 1926 play, which sees Captain Flagg command a group of Marines including Lipinsky, Kiper, and Sergeant Quirt.
Answer: What Price Glory?
[10] Henryk Sienkiwicz is well known for this "tale of the time of Nero" about the Christian Lygia and Marcus Vinicius.
Answer: Quo Vadis?
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Answer the following about mythological judges, FTPE.,
[10] The mountain god Tmolus was appointed to judge a contest between Apollo and either Pan or this satyr, who failed at playing his flute upside down and was flayed.
Answer: Marsyas
[10] This son of Balder and Nanna occupies the golden hall Glitnir, from which all contentious parties emerge satisfied.
Answer: Forseti
[10] This Egyptian goddess often depicted as an erect cobra was known as the "lady of the fertile lands" and is an upholder of Ma'at as the "lady of justification." She was part of a triad with Sobek and Horus in the Fayum, and her cult site was at Dja.
Answer: Renenutet (or Renenet)
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The marshland mouth of this river is home to a namesake type of lightning which constantly exists in the sky and spawns massive quantities of ozone. FTPE:,
[10] Name this river which rises in northern Colombia and joins the Zulia River as it flows east to empty at La Empalizada.
Answer: Catatumbo River
[10] Both the Zulia and the Catatumbo empty into this super big body of water in Venezuela connected to the Gulf of Venezuela by the Tablazo Strait.
Answer: Lake Maracaibo
[10] If you love rivers in Colombia, you no doubt love this longest one which begins in the south and flows up through Neiva until it's joined by the Cauca River and empties at the booming seaport of Barranquilla.
Answer: Magdalena River (or the Yuma River, as it's apparently sometimes called)
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Answer the following about the World War I triumphs of Paul von Hindenburg, FTPE.,
[10] This smashing German victory in August 1914 saw the newly-installed Hindenburg effectuate Max Hoffman's plan and encircle the Russian Second Army of Samsonov, who reportedly shot himself rather than return to the czar.
Answer: Battle of Tannenberg
[10] A month after Tannenberg, Hindenburg proceeded to attack the Russian First Army under Rennenkampf in the first battle at this site. Five months later, the second battle here saw Hindenburg dispatch two armies in East Prussia around the Angerapp Line to fight the Russians under General Siever.
Answer: Battle(s) of the Masurian Lakes
[10] In August 1916, Wilhelm II promoted Hindenburg to general Chief of Staff in place of this cautious general, who had succeeded Moltke in that role and planned the siege of Verdun. This man was sent to Transylvania and won a victory at Red Tower Pass.
Answer: Erich von Falkenhayn
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Answer some questions about approximation, FTPE.,
[10] This theorem of analysis holds, in simplest terms, that a continuous function on a closed interval may be approximated as well as necessary by a polynomial. Its first namesake generalized the original interval to a Hausdorff space X and polynomials to elements of other subalgebras.
Answer: Stone-Weierstrass theorem
[10] The most often used of this doubly-eponymous set of iterative methods for approximating the solutions to differential equations has fourth-order error term.
Answer: Runge-Kutta methods
[10] Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature approximates the value of integrals by expanding the integrand in terms of this family of polynomials named for a Russian dude.
Answer: Chebyshev polynomials
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Answer these literature questions, FTPE.,
[10] This first novel by George Sand is about an innocent girl raised by her Creole cousin Ralph and her maid Noun who becomes Madame Delmare.
Answer: Indiana
[10] The Gentleman from Indiana is a novel about John Harkless by this author of The Conquest of Canaan, Alice Adams, and The Magnificent Ambersons.
Answer: Booth Tarkington
[10] This regionalist author from Indiana includes a young Abraham Lincoln in his late historical romance The Graysons, and wrote about the Millerite cult in The End of the World, but he may be best known for his 1871 work The Hoosier School-Master. And, he's not James Whitcomb Riley.
Answer: Edward Eggleston
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Based on a folk tale by Pavel Bazhov, this work contains the Waltz of the Diamonds and opens by introducing the Mistress of the Copper Mountain. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ballet in which the stonecutter Danilo leaves his betrothed Katerina, who gets bothered by the drunk Severyan until she's able to find Danilo and get him to return from the idyllic mountain.
Answer: The Stone Flower (or Tale of the Stone Flower)
[10] The Stone Flower was the last ballet of this composer, after works like Trapeze and Cinderella. He's also known for operas like The Fiery Angel and The Love for Three Oranges.
Answer: Sergei Prokofiev
[10] Prokofiev's first ballet, Ala I Lolli, later evolved into this orchestral suite, his Opus 20. It contains the "Dance of the Pagan Monsters" and the pursuit of the "Evil God," who is battled by Lolli, a hero of the title region.
Answer: Scythian Suite
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This work champions the "pure feeling in creative art" and its author seeks "the rediscovery of pure art that, in the course of time, has become obscured by the accumulation of `things'." FTPE:,
[10] Name this "Manifesto of Suprematism" published in 1926, in which the author describes how he took refuge in the form of the square.
Answer: The Non-Objective World
[10] This Russian founder of Suprematism and author of The Non-Objective World exhibited his famous Black Square on White at the 0.10 Exhibition.
Answer: Kazimir Malevich
[10] Heavily inspired by the theory in The Non-Objective World, this Hungarian artist published his own work The New Vision. This teacher at the Bauhaus incorporated his hometown in his hyphenated name, and became renowned for work in photography.
Answer: Laszlo Moholy-Nagy
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This religious sect rose to power on the support of the lower classes and resulted in a mass closing of Fire Temples, though it floundered after 501 A.D. after the overthrow of Sassanid ruler Kavahd I. FTPE:,
[10] Name this often-overlooked Gnostic sect named after a 5th century Zoroastrian priest from Fesa who was called the son of Bamdad.
Answer: Mazdakism (Mazdakites)
[10] The cosmic duality of Mazdakism, dividing the world into lightness and dark, is obviously connected to this more famous sect founded by an Iranian prophet with scripture like the Book of Giants.
Answer: Manichaeism
[10] This son of Kavahd didn't care much for Mazdak or his sect and ousted them. This ruler is likely the most renowned Sassanid king and warred with Justinian after concluding the Eternal Peace with him. His grandson, the second ruler of his name, was busted up by Heraclius.
Answer: Chosroes I (or Khosrau or Khusrav or Khosrow or Osroes or Husrev)
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The Young-Laplace equation is a partial differential equation that gives the difference in capillary pressure across the interface of two fluids arising from this property. FTPE:,
[10] Name this property of liquids, arising from attractive forces that ordinarily, in the bulk liquid, sum to zero, whose influence gives drops of liquids the smallest surface area to volume ratio possible.
Answer: surface tension
[10] This phenomenon, often co-named for Gibbs, causes mass transfer along an interface in the presence of a surface tension gradient.
Answer: Gibbs-Marangoni effect
[10] This rule gives the temperature-dependence of surface tension as proportional to the critical temperature minus the temperature, all over the two-thirds power of the molar volume.
Answer: Eotvos rule
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The end of this song features a spoken-word poem "Late Lament" written by the band's drummer Graeme Edge. FTPE:,
[10] Name this last track on the album Days of Future Passed, in which the singer references "Letters I've written, never meaning to send."
Answer: "Nights in White Satin"
[10] "Nights in White Satin" was a hit for this symphonic rock band formed in 1964 with Edge, Ray Thomas, and Michael Pinder. Their other hits include "Tuesday Afternoon" and the 80s single "Your Wildest Dreams."
Answer: The Moody Blues
[10] Another Moody Blues song, "Legend of a Mind," claims that this iconic figure is dead or "outside looking in." This man wrote about the eight circuits of consciousness with Robert Wilson and designed the Concord Prison Experiment at Harvard.
Answer: Timothy Leary
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The main character's friend Billy Biasse operates a longshoremen's gambling apartment, and he's taken as a lover by Congo Rose. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel about Jake Brown, who deserts the American army in France and works as a cook aboard a Pullman car.
Answer: Home to Harlem
[10] This Jamaican-born author of the Constab Ballads wrote Home to Harlem and Banana Bottom.
Answer: Claude McKay
[10] This other Harlem Reanissance writer describes the black lawyer Ralph Merrit and the piano mover Shine in his book The Walls of Jericho.
Answer: Rudolph Fisher
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This work famously claims that the first man who, having enclosed a piece of ground, declared "This is Mine!" and found people simple enough to believe him, was the founder of civil society. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work dedicated to the republic of Geneva which distinguishes between men and animals on the criterion of perfectibility.
Answer: Discourse on Inequality (or "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men," prompt the "Second Discourse")
[10] This author of Letters Written from the Mountain wrote discourses on political economy and inequality, as well as a work which claims "man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains."
Answer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
[10] Book IV of Emile contains a frequently excerpted section titled after the "creed of" this character, who claims he is no great philosopher and does not desire to be one. Rousseau adopts this persona in Emile to develop his notion of natural or revealed religion.
Answer: Savoyard Priest (or Savoyard Vicar, "Creed of a Savoyard Priest")
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This son of Emperor Toba battled his brother Sutoku and emerged victorious in the Hogen Disturbance, after which Sutoku was exiled to Sanuki and composed sutras with his own blood FTPE:,
[10] Name this cloistered emperor who ascended the throne in 1156 with the aid of Tadamichi, and abdicated to his son Nijo shortly before the Heiji Rebellion.
Answer: Go-Shirakawa
[10] Shirakawa's counselor was Shinzei, a member of this clan, just like Yorinaga and Tadamichi who had feuded in the Hogen Disturbance. This clan of regents dominated Japan in the Heian period up until the rise of Taira and Kamakura.
Answer: Fujiwara
[10] Shirakawa was also supported by this leader of the Taira clan, who defeated Minamoto Yoshitomo during the Heiji Rebellion. Depicted as a tyrant in the Tale of the Heike, he later dethroned Shirakawa and brought the Taira clan to dominance.
Answer: Taira no Kiyomori
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Based on a play by Henri Meilhac entitled The Embassy Attache, its libretto was written by Viktor Leon and Leo Stein. FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera that opens at a ball in Pontevedro where Baron Zeta orders Count Danilo Danilowitz to marry the fabulously rich Hanna Glawari.
Answer: The Merry Widow (Die lustige Witwe)
[10] Sure, The Merry Widow is by Franz Lehar, but I'm feeling charitable enough not to make him the easy part of this bonus. Lehar also wrote an operetta about this composer's fictional affair with the Duchess of Lucca - this guy is famous for his 24 Caprices, the last of which is in A minor.
Answer: Niccolo Paganini
[10] This operetta by Lehar contains the "Gold and Silver Waltz" and features a character who gets paid to enter a sham marriage with Angela so that she may attain a title and wed the Grand Duke.
Answer: The Count of Luxembourg (Der Graf von Luxembourg)
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This function is often used to describe superacids, since the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation generally fails for such substances. FTOE:,
[10] Name this acidity function, a pH replacement equal to the negative log of the sum of the concentration of hydronium plus the ratio of the activity coefficient of the base over the activity coefficient of its conjugate acid.
Answer: Hammett acidity function
[10] This principle, partially named for Hammett, states that when you have a pair of interconverting intermediates, each of which may irreversibly form a product, the product ratio does not depend on the equilibrium constant between the intermediates, but rather the difference in free energy between the transition states.
Answer: Curtin-Hammett principle
[10] The Hammett equation examines the effects of different substituents on this compound, which is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid.
Answer: benzoic acid
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During the initial rehearsals of this work, Vienna Philharmonic conductor Otto Dessorf asked "Where is the main theme?" FTPE:,
[10] Name this symphony which was actually its composer's third work of that genre but to which he gave an unusual number because he felt it was invalid.
Answer: Symphony No. 0 or `Die Nullte' or any word form of `zero'
[10] That Zeroeth Symphony was written by this Austrian composer whose fourth symphony is called the Romantic. He presents a problem for conductors because of the myriad editions of his very long symphonies.
Answer: Anton Bruckner
[10] Bruckner was much more successful with this later symphony, whose second movement may have been inspired by a premonition of Richard Wagner's death. Another symphony of this number is Einojuhani Rautavaara's Angel of Light.
Answer: Symphony No. 7

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