Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_pqo16mh0kfgv36c3mpvfimqv37, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 FIST Tossups by Chicago
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A mutation that reduces coenzyme affinity in an enzyme unique to this process leads to a disease characterized by memory loss, confusion, and partial paralysis, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Deficiency of one enzyme used in this process can result in hemolytic anemia and primaquine sensitivity; that condition, favism, is named for the bean whose consumption can cause the symptoms. One reaction in this process sees the transfer of C1 and C2 from one compound to another; that reaction sees TPP act as a coenzyme to transketolase. That reaction is followed by the transfer of a dihidroxyacetone moiety from a ketose seduheptulose compound; the latter transfer is catalyzed by transaldolase. The first phase of this pathway begins with a xylulose compound produced by the epimerization of a ribulose compound. Its oxidative phase generates six NADPH for every three glucose-6-phosphate molecules that enter this pathway. For 10 points, identify this pathway, usually named for its five-sugar intermediate.
Answer: pentose phosphate shunt [or hexose monophosphate shunt; or phosphogluconate pathway]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One scandal that rocked this political party was investigated by the Gomery commission and occurred when a department headed by Alfonso Gagliano inappropriately funneled funds to anti-separatist movements. This party's economic policy of "reciprocity" made it popular around the turn of century, though it was defeated after its advocacy of a strong navy angered Henri Bourassa. Briefly led by Edward Blake, it emerged out of a coalition between the "Clear Grits" faction and a few other groups, and its current leader is Michael Ignatieff. Other recent candidates have included Paul Martin and Stephane Dion, who both lost to Stephen Harper. FTP, identify this party whose leaders have also included Wilfrid Laurier, Pierre Trudeau, and Lester Pearson - a Canadian party opposed to the Conservatives.
Answer: The Liberal Party of Canada (accept "Grits" or "Clear Grits" before that's given)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This play's title and epigraph come from a verse in the Song of Solomon that ends with the line "for our vines have tender grapes." One woman in this work resolves at the end that she will not be one of the people who stand around and watch other people eat the earth. That woman, who is nicknamed Zan, is particularly loved by her aunt, who longs for Lionnet, her family's old plantation. A message to Mr. Manders frightens Leo, who stole eighty-eight thousand dollars' worth of bonds from his uncle Horace's safety box. Horace makes a desperate attempt to climb a staircase when he has a heart attack and his wife refuses to give him medicine so that he will die and she can reclaim a stake in her brothers' cotton mill scheme. FTP, name this play about the Hubbard brothers and Regina Giddens, written by Lillian Hellman.
Answer: The Little Foxes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In a namesake essay, L.P. Brockett claimed that this group was an early protestant sect. Much like the Paulicians, a major influence on them was Paul of Samosasta. One important source on the history of this sect was Presbyter Cosmas' sermon on them, in which he expresses disgust that they allow one to confess to women. Members of this faith were divided into two classes, Perfectes and Credentes, and they notably did not believe in infant baptism. Named for a priest whose name meant "Beloved of God," this sect's beliefs were written in their "Secret Book." The belief that a goose gave birth to the Virgin Mary was one of many held by, FTP, what heretic sect led by Basil the Physician who believed that the Devil was God's elder son and were centered in Bulgaria.
Answer: Bogomils (Accept Bogomilism)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The composer of this work inscribed the autograph of its third movement "to my brothers in Apollo." It features a theme possibly drawn from Beethoven's "Les Adieux," known as the "Lebwohl" or "Farewell" theme. Bruno Walter decided to use two harps for a theme originally stated by the cellos and the horns, which Leonard Bernstein said was a representation of the composer's irregular heart beat. The second movement is a distortion of a landler dance, while the third movement is to be played "very defiantly" and is a Rondo-Burleske. This work's last movement is an adagio marked "very slowly and held back," which ends with the violins quoting "The day is fine on yonder heights" from its composer's Kindertotenlieder. Opening with a movement marked andante comodo, FTP, name this work, whose number indicates that its composer did not consider his earlier Song of the Earth a symphony.
Answer: Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 9 or Mahler's Ninth
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Early in this man's reign, he won a key victory in the Valley of the Lion against a force whose leaders included Talha and al-Zubayr, who had earlier supported his rise to power. He agreed to the arbitration of Adrhuh after an opposing army showed up for battle with copies of the Koran impaled on their lances. His son's entire army was beheaded at the Battle of Karbala. Some of this man's followers split off and formed the Kharijite sect following the battle of Siffin, which he fought against the man who would eventually replace him, Mu'awiya. This man's assassination ended the first Fitnah, which he sparked by assuming the Caliphate before punishing murderers of his predecessor Uthman. FTP, name this man regarded as the fourth and final Rashidun Caliph by Sunnis and the first Imam by Shi'ites.
Answer: Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Because of this phenomenon, the flux of a monopole is concentrated in Abrikosov vortices. Equating the time evolution of the current with a constant times the electric field and taking the curl of both sides allows one to derive a lambda that measures the length scale of this effect. This phenomenon can be derived by noting that the Laplacian of the magnetic field is equal to the magnetic field times the squared reciprocal of the aforementioned lambda, which is also known as the London penetration depth. First explained by the London equations, this phenomenon implies that for relevant materials the magnetic susceptibility is negative one, and hence that those materials display perfect diamagnetism. Sometimes named for Ochsenfeld, for 10 points, name this phenomenon in which a magnetic field is excluded from a superconductor.
Answer: Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The kind of auction named after this man is exemplified by the London Gold market, where an auctioneer matches buyers and sellers who have pre-submitted prices, a process called tatonnement or "groping." The neo-version of this man's namesake school included members like Jacob Marschak, Charles Roos, and the man who won a Nobel Prize with Kantorovich, Tjalling Koopmans. Arrow and Debreu proved this man's namesake law, which shows that excess market demands always sum to zero. The model named after this man and Gustav Cassel was corrected by Abraham Wald. Paired with his successor Pareto as the most influential figure of the Lausanne school, this man's best-known work is Elements of Pure Economics. FTP, identify this proponent of General Equilibrium Theory, who along with Jevons and Menger, led the Marginalist Revolution.
Answer: Marie-Esprit Leon Walras
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel describes some out-of-place clothes like a San Jose State t-shirt, a pair of overalls with "TREEFELLER" written on them, and a set of ambulance clothes given to the main character. At the end, that character falls in with a gang led by December, who plies the main character with alcohol and gets his sister to fellate him. A nameless pharmacist working as a medical officer narrates part of this novel, and is fascinated by how thin the title character is. That man works alongside Noel at the training camp Kenilworth, where the title character is taken after escaping Jakkalsdrif and being captured on the Visagie farm, where he settles after his mother Anna dies in Stellenbosch. Featuring a title character who's fixated on pumpkin seeds, FTP, identify this novel about a hare-lipped gardener who leaves Cape Town, a work by J.M. Coetzee.
Answer: Life and Times of Michael K
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Recent olympians to have graduated from this school include the Winklevoss brothers, who were on the US rowing team in Beijing, and this school hosted the first ever Japanese college football game played in America. In 1920 this school was victorious in the 1920 Rose Bowl, defeating Oregon by a score of 7- This school's hockey team was the first team to win the Beanpot Torunament, doing so in 1952, and one current alumni of this school in the NFL is Ryan Fitzpatrick. This school had the only women's basketball team to win a game as a sixteen seed, defeating Stanford in 1998 and its basketball team is currently coached by former Michigan coach Tommy Ammaker. One movie declared that this team beat Yale 29-29. FTP, name this school whose nickname is the "Crimson," and whose other athletic stars include Dallas Simons and Bruce Arthur.
Answer: Harvard Crimson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The background of one of this man's portraits shows an owl being attacked by birds, as well as a man standing on a Gothic tower, praying to a star painted with real gold. In another work, a cavalier stands before a tent at the right, while wrinkled old women are carted over to a large pool. His works are often signed with the winged serpent of his insignia, while Cupid ensconced in a black cloud aims at a nude Venus in one of this man's depictions of The Judgment of Paris. This painter of the Portrait of Dr. Cuspinian and The Fountain of Youth also did various nude depictions of Adam and Eve as well as nudes for Frederick the Wise. FTP, name this German Renaissance painter, known for his depictions of Martin Luther.
Answer: Lucas Cranach the Elder
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This conflict saw one side take Rachel and Sylvia Hall as captives, who were ransomed in large part due to the efforts of Henry Gratiot. The decisive battle in this conflict saw the losers massacred by a ship named the Warrior, and it also included the battle of Pecatonica. One cause for the conflict was an order delivered by Thomas Forsyth and General Henry Atkinson commanded the winning side, which initially saw casualties at the battle of Stillman's Run. Later, this conflict would witness the Bad Axe Massacre and a battle at Wisconsin Heights, after the war's namesake was opposed by his rival Keokuk. FTP, name this 1832 war whose belligerents included the Sauk and Fox tribes, fought mostly in Illinois.
Answer: Black Hawk War
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These phenomena are often strongly affected during the winter by the Madden-Julian Oscillation, which typically acts in the North Pacific to split one of these prior to so-called "pineapple express" events. Data from a rawinsonde that encounters one of these can be difficult to interpret, as they can greatly perturb the ascent rate. They develop troughs and ridges in a pattern of large meanders due to Rossby waves, and they flow around blocking anticyclones. Two of the strongest examples of these phenomena are associated with the polar fronts. They generally are found near the tropopause and their strong vertical shear is thought to be the cause of clear air turbulence. For 10 points, name these "rivers of air" that affect travel times on some flights.
Answer: jet streams
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one story by this author, an aged grandmother claims that other ethnicities are inferior, saying the "sound of the Irish voice is distressing to the sick," but she changes her mind after accidentally rescuing her own granddaughter. The actor Adrienne Farival gets banned from a convent in this author's story "Lilacs," while another work concerns Louise Mallard, who rejoices at a railroad accident that she thinks kills her husband Brently only to die of a heart attack when he comes home. Besides "A Matter of Prejudice" and that work, "The Story of an Hour," this author is known for a story that ends with a bonfire of dresses belonging to the adoptive daughter of the Valmondes, in which Armand finds a letter from his mother revealing that he is a mulatto. This author's best known work sees Robert Lebrun and Edna Pontellier's doomed affair lead to the latter's suicide. FTP, identify this American author of "Desiree's Baby" and The Awakening.
Answer: Kate Chopin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker describes being recruited by the CIA to tunnel under Tulsa, with the side-effect that he sees his own brain in a vat. That essay, "Where Am I?" appears in a collection alongside "Skinner Skinned" and "Are Dreams Experiences?" in this philosopher's collection Brainstorms. Another essay by this author invokes the taste of steaming cauliflower and two employees of Maxwell House coffee as part of 15 "intuition pumps" meant to complete the title task. With a title derived from this author's own Philosophical Lexicon, that essay "Quining Qualia" advances an eliminativist position much like this author's Consciousness Explained. With his best-known book describing the power of evolution, FTP, identify this author of Darwin's Dangerous Idea, a philosopher of mind based at Tufts.
Answer: Daniel Dennett
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
While working for the Bauhaus, Marcel Breuer designed one of these that was innovative for its use of tubular steel, which has since become associated with Wassily Kandinsky. Verner Panton designed a Flying version, though his namesake type of this was notable for its innovative use of air. Arne Jacobsen is known for an oft-imitated "3107" version, which was in part inspired by the work of Charles and Ray Eames. Eero Saarinen was commissioned for multiple of these by the Knoll company, including one famously adapted for use on the Star Trek set. Another type of these objects was designed in collaboration with Lilly Reich and appeared in the 1929 International Exposition in this object's namesake city. Saarinen's Tulip type and Mies van der Rohe's Barcelona type are examples of, FTP, what type of object usually made for sitting?
Answer: chair (I can't really think of any obvious equivalents, but prompt on them should they be given)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work mentions a singer born under the sky of Hellas who "gave up his whole heart to the wonder-child" and travels to Palestine and Hindustan. It speaks of "the magic oil of the almond tree" and the "golden flood of the grapes" as among the places fools do not find a certain thing, and it claims that "unholy visit consumes the angel visit" of the title object. Its last section claims "a dream will dash our chains apart / and lay us in the Father's lap," while it opens asking "what living, sentient thing loves not the all-joyous light?" Earlier, it discusses "the crystal wave" which is the "barren mound" of the author's wife Sophie von Kuhn. A collection by the author of Heinrich von Ofterdingen, FTP, name this set of prose and verse works by Novalis, dedicated to the title figure.
Answer: Hymns to the Night or Hymnen an die Nacht
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Vieth, Kolinski, and Skolnick develop Monte Carlo methods for approximating the partition function as well as this quantity. One is subtracted from this quantity and multiplied by beta, representing the fraction of vaporized feed, in the denominator of the Rachford-Rice equation. For multicomponent systems, this quantity's relation to temperature and pressure is graphed in Depriester charts. The change in the partial molar volume over RT is equal to the partial with respect to pressure of this quantity's natural log, and the temperature partial of the log of this quantity equals the negative change in enthalpy over ideal gas constant by the van 't Hoff equation. Defined as the ratios of the activities of the products to the activities of the reactants, for 10 points, name this quantity usually symbolized k-eq.
Answer: equilibrium constant [accept k-eq before read]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work, this man argues that it is a "vulgar" position to hold that innate drives like aggressiveness are realized in social institutions, while he discusses Ratu Tanoa in a chapter entitled "The Culture of an Assassination." This author of The Use and Abuse of Biology and Apologies to Thucydides divided societal evolution into "general" and "specific" varieties in Evolution and Culture. He collaborated with Barrere on studies of Hawaii, drawn on for his Anahulu, and he entered into a debate with Gannath Obeyesekere over native perception of Captain Cook's death, prompted by his Historical Metaphors and Cultural Realities. He claimed that the flow of goods is constrained by etiquette in "On the Sociology of Primitive Exchange," which appears in a work that opens by claiming hunters are free from market obsessions. FTP, name this anthropologist who discussed "The Original Affluent Society" in his book Stone Age Economics.
Answer: Marshall David Sahlins
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This king's reign saw his nation win the battle of Ceserole against his arch rival and defeat a Swiss army at the battle of Marignano. Shortly after that latter victory, he agreed to the Concordat of Bologna which increased his power to tithe and appoint bishops, while deferring to the conciliar supremacy of Pope Leo X. Another event during his reign was the Affair of the Placards, which helped turn him against Protestant concessions. He was influenced by his sister, Marguerite d'Angouleme, and he married Claude, the daughter of his predecessor. He surrendered Burgundy to Spain by the Treaty of Madrid and famously met an English king at the "Field of the Cloth of Gold." Also known for patronizing artists like Del Sarto, Cellini, and Da Vinci, FTP, name this king who was defeated by Charles V at the Battle of Pavia, and who ruled France from 1515 to 15
Answer: Francis I
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This movement led one college student to declare that his people have given, "Blood, sweat and toil" to defend "bureaucratic organs." Roderick McFarquhar argued against the belief that this movement was actually an attempt by one man to identify his enemies, and this movement lead to a speech about 600,000 plows by Li Kouzi. One element of this effort was an attempt to cooperate with the CUF and it was introduced in a speech entitled, "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People." This campaign was followed quickly by the Anti-Rightist campaign and was led by Zhou Enlai. FTP, name this brief effort by the Chinese Communist Party to encourage a variety of new opinions on various issues.
Answer: the Hundred Flowers Campaign
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Two answers required. One of these two scientists used analogies with electrodynamics to derive a set of four theorems of vortex motion that inspired the other of these scientists to introduce the concept of circulation. Goldstein proved Taylor's conjecture that one phenomenon named for these two scientists can only occur if the gradient Richardson number is less than one-fourth. These two scientists name a process that occurs near virial equilibrium in protostars prior to their entering the Hayashi track, and one of these two scientists used that work to derive an incorrect upper bound on the age of the Sun. A velocity-shear-based instability and a quasi-static contraction are named for, FTP, what two scientists who lend their names separately to a temperature scale and a free energy?
Answer: William Thomson, 1st Baron (or Lord) Kelvin and Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (also accept Thomson-Helmholtz)
2009 FIST Bonuses by Chicago
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He once tricked the populace into granting him a bunch of bodyguards by slashing himself and his mules, then complaining about attacks from his enemies. FTPE:,
[10] Name this tyrant of Athens who eventually handed off power to his sons Hippias and Hipparchus.
Answer: Pisistratus or Peisistratus
[10] Pisistratus organized and led the Hillsmen that clashed with Lycurgus's Plains group and the Coast faction led by this man. An earlier man by this name had been convicted of killing Cylon, bringing a legendary curse on the Alcmaeonidae family.
Answer: Megacles
[10] Pisistratus installed his ally Lygdamus as tyrant of this island, the largest of the Cyclades. A Persian-supported attack against this island led to the Ionian rebellion that sparked the first Persian War.
Answer: Naxos
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In honor of Supreme Court justice Harlan Fiske Stone, answer the following questions on the career of his son, mathematician Michael Stone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Stone generalized this man's polynomial approximation theorem. His other accomplishments include the first continuous but nowhere-differentiable function and developing a namesake M-test for uniform convergence.
Answer: Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass
[10] Every continuous map on a completely regular space has a unique extension to a continuous map on the Stone-Cech version of this related space. For the real line, the one-point version of this related space is homeomorphic to a circle.
Answer: compactification
[10] Stone lends his name to topological spaces that are compact, Hausdorff, and totally disconnected. This Stone space consists of the real numbers between 0 and 1 whose ternary representation consists solely of 0s and 2s.
Answer: Cantor set
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This friend of Giuseppe Parini dedicated his Dei Sepolcri to Ippolito Pindemonte. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Italian poet who authored The Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis.
Answer: Ugo Foscolo
[10] This Italian poet wrote La Ginestra or The Flower of the Desert as well as the Operette Morali and poems such as "L'Infinito."
Answer: Count Giacomo Leopardi
[10] This has been a bonus on Italian writers of the 19th century. Another one of those was this author of the Adelchi, who wrote about Renzo and Lucia in The Betrothed.
Answer: Alessandro Manzoni
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man is the most important student of Johann Georg Hamann, and he was for a time an associate of a young Goethe. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this author of This Too a Philosophy of History and Treatise on the Origin of Language, a work that strongly influenced the Strum und Drang movement.
Answer: Johann Gottfried Herder
[10] Through Hamann, Herder was strongly influenced by this Italian philosopher whose New Science described a cyclical theory of history.
Answer: Giambattista Vico
[10] This 20th century philosopher wrote the books Vico and Herder as well as Three Critics of Enlightenment: Vico, Hamann, Herder. He also wrote "Two Concepts of Liberty."
Answer: Isaiah Berlin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One game coming out for this system in Japan is Shukeban Shachou Rena, in which the playable character is a cat getting initiated into a corporation run by another cat. FTPE:,
[10] Name this video game console whose games include Mad World, Super Mario Galaxy and Super Smash Brothers Brawl.
Answer: Nintendo Wii
[10] A recent game released for the Wii had the subtitle Extraction. That game was a prequel to this 2008 survival horror game which saw Isaac Clarke fight Necromorphs on the Ishimura.
Answer: Dead Space
[10] This woman recently released a pilates game for the Wii. But, I'll bet you remember her as the host of America's Funniest Home Videos with John Fugelsang.
Answer: Daisy Fuentes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The only time this political party nominated a candidate who won the presidency was in 1928 when it also nominated the Republican ticket of Hoover and Curtis. FTPE:,
[10] Name this party that nominated people such as Earl Dodge, John Bidwell and James Black, and supported the passage of the Volstead Act.
Answer: Prohibition Party
[10] 1933 saw the passage of this act which allowed manufacturers to produce 3.2% alcohol beer, preceding the December passage of the 21st amendment.
Answer: Cullen-Harrison Act
[10] Howard Hyde Russell founded this temperance organization in Oberlin, Ohio in 1893. One notable member of this group, Wayne Wheeler, rode house to house on a bicycle to defeat a pro-alcohol state senator.
Answer: Anti-Saloon League
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These paths are the shortest route between two points on curved spaces; for a sphere they correspond to great circles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of path which is traced out by an inertial test particle in free fall according to general relativity.
Answer: geodesics
[10] The geodesic equation includes this man's namesake symbols, which can be expressed in terms of the metric and its coordinate derivatives. He also lends his name, with Schwarz, to a conformal mapping used in potential flow problems in fluid dynamics.
Answer: Elwin Bruno Christoffel
[10] This curvature tensor is a contraction of the Riemann tensor that can be expressed in terms of the Christoffel symbols; it relates the size of a volume element in a manifold to its size in Euclidean space. Its namesake flow was used to prove the Poincare conjecture.
Answer: Ricci curvature tensor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The prologue to this work describes the transcriber finding the letters in a pharmacy in Almendralejo and his unwillingness to have them published. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this novel where the narrator kills the pimp El Estirao and his mother and possibly some other people too, and then writes out his story while waiting to be hung.
Answer: The Family of Pascual Duarte (La Familia de Pascual Duarte)
[10] The Family of Pascual Duarte is written by this Spanish author, who also wrote The Hive.
Answer: Camilo Jose Cela
[10] The Cela novel Christ Versus Arizona inspired one of the greatest teams in quizbowl history. That novel is a 100-page long single sentence about the events at this place, which was also fictionalized in Emma Bull's Territory.
Answer: OK Corral (prompt on Tombstone)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about the academic career of Paul Fauconnet, FTPE.,
[10] Fauconnet frequently collaborated with this man. They co-wrote the Grande Encyclopedie article on Sociology and Fauconnet studied with this man's uncle Durkheim. With Henri Hubert, this man wrote Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function.
Answer: Marcel Mauss
[10] Fauconnet's essay "Sociology and the Social Sciences" was written about this author of The Metropolis and Mental Life and On Social Differentiation.
Answer: Georg Simmel
[10] Fauconnet's cruelty during a thesis committee impacted this man. He wrote Peace and War and The Opium of the Intellectuals, in which he attacks Western leftists' love of communism.
Answer: Raymond Aron
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He met his demise in 1870 while acting as a second, helping his journalist friend Paschal Grousset challenge a conservative nobleman to a duel. FTPE:,
[10] Name this leftist journalist who sparked outrage when he was shot while offering that challenge. Bizarrely, a statue of this man in Paris has had most of its groin worn away because it has become a fertility symbol.
Answer: Victor Noir
[10]The Victor Noir incident was a scandal because the murderous nobleman was a cousin of this man, the leader of France in 1870. This king commanded at Magenta and Solferino.
Answer: Napoleon III (the cousin was Pierre Bonaparte)
[10] This socialist rabble-rouser nearly started a riot at Victor Noir's funeral. Other exploits include seizing the Hotel de Ville and being elected leader of the Paris Commune despite being imprisoned at the time.
Answer: Louis-Auguste Blanqui
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Flame ionization detectors are commonly utilized in this technique. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this technique often carried out in packed or capillary columns with a carrier such as argon, helium or carbon dioxide.
Answer: gas chromatography
[10] This quantity relates a certain volume of eluent gas minus the hold-up volume for a sample component and two standards. For gas chromatography it is typically calculated using logarithmic interpolation, with n-alkenes serving as the standards, and is named for Kovats.
Answer: retention index
[10] The Rohrschneider and McReynolds constants standardize calculation of the retention index using this compound as a non-polar reference phase. This linear triterpene is used in the body as a common starting point for synthesis of steroids.
Answer: squalene
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man helped complete the Pinakes started by Callimachus, organized Plato's dialogues into groups of three, and wrote one of the preeminent grammars from ancient times, About Analogy. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Greek literary critic and Librarian of Alexandria.
Answer: Aristophanes of Byzantium (prompt on Aristophanes)
[10] Aristophanes of Byzantium was a huge fan of this playwright, musing whether he copied life or life copied him. This New Comedy advocate's only complete surviving play is Dyskolos or The Grouch.
Answer: Menander
[10] Aristophanes of Byzantium is credited with showing that Precepts of Chiron was not actually the work of this author as had been previously claimed. Other works by this man include the poem "Shield of Herakles" and the "Catalogue of Women."
Answer: Hesiod
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His son Meghanada managed to capture Indra, earning the name Indrajit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this brother of the giant Kumbhakarna who stole the chariot Pushpaka and the island of Sri Lanka from his half-brother Kubera.
Answer: Ravana
[10] This other brother of Ravana betrayed him, joining Rama. After Ravana's defeat he ruled over Sri Lanka.
Answer: Vibhishana
[10] This brother of Rama killed Indrajit and collaborated with Rama to kill Kumbhakarna. He had earlier accompanied Rama and Sita into the forest following Rama's exile.
Answer: Lakshmana
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The fourth of these works in D major features an "alla zingarese" movement, while the fifth in F minor has a siciliana slow movement. FTPE:,
[10] Name this set of six works, the opus 20 of a composer who also created symphonies like La Roxelane.
Answer: Sun Quartets
[10] The Sun Quartets are works by this man, who also composed The Seasons and The Creation.
Answer: Franz Joseph Haydn
[10] This set of six works by Haydn contains The Bear, The Hen, and The Queen.
Answer: Paris Symphonies
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man claimed that there were no Marxist-Leninists in his work Imperialism and the Revolution and he was replaced in 1985 by Ramiz Alia. FTPE:,
[10] Name this communist ruler who may have killed his longtime premier Mehmet Shehu.
Answer: Enver Hoxha
[10] Enver Hoxha was a ruler of this Eastern European nation, home to King Zog. In 1939, it was invaded by an Italian army led by Alfredo Guzzoni, and the Italians would occupy it until 1943.
Answer: Albania
[10] Hoxha modified some of the laws contained in this Albanian law that was named for a 15th century prince it was attributed to. One important aspect of this code was its regulations on Kanun, a type of blood feud.
Answer: Code of Leke Dukagjin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Sirtuins are a group of deacetylases that depend on this molecule to function. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this coenzyme that is reduced in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle and contains a derivative of vitamin B3.
Answer: NADH [or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide]
[10] This nucleotide-binding protein motif is a particular fan of binding NAD. It is composed of alternating alpha helices and beta sheets, and it is commonly found in dehydrogenases and glycosyltransferases.
Answer: Rossman fold [whatever, give it to them if they say Rossman]
[10] This other coenzyme of the citric acid cycle receives electrons from NADH and FADH2. Cytochrome C reductase facilitates the transfer of said electrons to cytochrome C.
Answer: ubiquinone [or coenzyme Q 10]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Tired of questions on Krik? Krak!? Here's a bonus on story collections by other Latin American authors. FTPE:,
[10] Borges's Ficciones includes the earlier-published collection titled for this story in which Dr. Yu Tsun kills his friend Dr. Stephen Albert in order to signal the location of a British artillery park to the Germans.
Answer: El Jardin de senderos que se bifurcan or The Garden of Forking Paths
[10] A woman who ate dreams and consequently turned into a mound of earth is saved when her husband adopts the title animal's form in this author's story "Anteater Juan," found in his collection The Mirror of Lida Sal. His other works include the novel Strong Wind, found in his "Banana Trilogy."
Answer: Miguel Angel Asturias Rosales
[10] This author's story collections include The Foreign Legion and Family Ties, but better known are novels like Near to the Wild Heart, The Apple in the Dark, and The Passion According to G.H.
Answer: Clarice Lispector
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This mezzo-soprano aria ends with the singer exclaiming "Ah! Respond to my tenderness! Fill me with ecstacy", while another character interjects with "Je t'aime!" in between verses. FTPE:,
[10] Name this aria which compares how "the flowers open to the kisses of the dawn" to the event mentioned in the first line.
Answer: "Mon cœur s'ouvre a ta voix" or "My heart opens to your voice" or "Softly awakes your heart" or anything close to either of those translations
[10] This character sings "Mon cœur s'ouvre a ta voix" and "Printemps qui commence" and attempts to learn the source of Samson's power in a Camille Saint-Saens opera.
Answer: Delilah or Delila
[10] Samson et Delila is a staple of French opera, much like this work, in which Sophie tries to cheer up the title character, who sings "O Nature, pleine de grace" and ""Pourquoi me reveiller?"
Answer: Werther
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This book inspired Marshall Blonsky to write a book about American versions of the title entities, and this book discusses things such as the film Julius Casear and a Citroen. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1957 work that includes semiotic analysis in essays such as "The World of Wrestling" and "The Brain of Einstein."
Answer: Mythologies
[10] Mythologies is a work by this French philosopher who wrote works such as Camera Lucida and The Death of the Author.
Answer: Roland Barthes
[10] One essay in Mythologies is named for these objects which Barthes calls "a microcosm of the adult world." Charles Baudelaire once wrote an essay called "A Philosophy of" these in which he describes being given one of these by Madame Pancouke.
Answer: toys
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man sort of proposed to his second wife by taking her to the grave of his first wife, pointing to a nearby plot, and saying it was reserved for her. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man whose Poems of 1912-1913, inspired by the death of his first wife Emma Gifford, appeared along with some "Lyrics and Reveries" in the collection Satires of Circumstance.
Answer: Thomas Hardy
[10] This poem from Satires of Circumstance ends with the presumable disappointment of the central dead woman at discovering that her dog has visited her resting-place only to bury a bone.
Answer: "Ah, are you digging on my grave"
[10] In this other poem from Satires of Circumstance, Parson Thirdly's corpse confesses he wishes he'd stuck with pipes and beer rather than preaching. It opens with the dead sitting up in their coffins, thinking it's the hour of judgment, until God tells them the noise they hear is "gunnery practice out at sea."
Answer: "Channel Firing"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
FTPE, name these things about false pretenders to various thrones of Europe.,
[10] Three different men claimed to be this son of Ivan the Terrible, who was rumored to have escaped an assassination attempt orchestrated by Boris Godunov.
Answer: Dmitri Ivanovich
[10] This man's attempt to take the throne of England was ended with his defeat at the Battle of Stoke Field. He had previously allied with the Earl of Lincoln.
Answer: Lambert Simnel
[10] Pierre Plantard, who invented the fictional secret society, The Priory of Sion, claimed to be a descendent of Dagobert II. Dagobert II was a member of this dynasty, whose other members include Childeric II.
Answer: Merovingian

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_pqo16mh0kfgv36c3mpvfimqv37, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0