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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Michigan A
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He abolished the unpopular annual army "geld" and sent his wife, Edith, to a monastery. He and his brother were led by their mother, Emma, into exile for over fifteen years while his father Ethelred the Unready led the defense against a Norse invasion. Three men claimed to be his heir to the throne: his great nephew Edgar Atheling, the Norse king Harald Hardrada, and a certain duke of Normandy, William. William claimed this man had named him successor while in exile at his court in Normandy, which was the basis for the Norman conquest. The last king of the Wessex line, for 10 points, name this most famous Anglo-Saxon king, who built Westminster Abbey and who was canonized a century later.
Answer: Edward the Confessor
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A famous one of these types of poems ends "Hell blot back for always the thought `Peace!'," while a "double" one of these depicts a dialogue between Strephon and Klaius. In addition to Ezra Pound's Altaforte and Philip Sidney's Ye Goat Herd Gods, examples of this poetic form include Elizabeth Bishop's A Miracle for Breakfast and John Ashbery's Farm Implements and Rutabagas in a Landscape, each of which uses the F-D-B form for its envoi [AHN-voy], which can also be called a tornada. Consisting of six sestets and a final tercet, for 10 points, name this poetic form that mathematically reuses six end-words in its thirty-nine lines, from the Italian for "sixth."
Answer: sestina [or sestine or sextain or sextina]
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Dogs with this disease may receive injections of prednisolone or DOCP. It affects levels of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase and can rarely be caused by HIV or a certain kind of tuberculosis. Tests for this disease include long CRH stimulation tests and characteristic symptoms include hyperpigmentation of non-exposed skin. It results in insufficient secretions of the zona fasciculate and can result from withdrawal of glucocorticoid hormones such as prednisone. For 10 points, inadequate secretion of ACTH by the pituitary gland or a primarily adrenal insufficiency are the primary causes of what endocrine disorder that causes the adrenal glands to produce insufficient amounts of cortisol?
Answer: Addison's disease [accept also hypocorticism or hypocortisolism or hypoadrenocorticism before "cortisol"; prompt on "adrenal insufficiency"]
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The ideas set forth in this were first espoused in the Locarno treaties, and its eastern counterpart was the Litvinov agreement. The Senate approved it 85-1, but stipulated that they themselves were not obliged to enforce it. Its notion of "crime against peace" was the basis of the Nuremburg trials, but its mission ultimately failed, as it did not stop the Italian invasion of Ethiopia or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, and because of its unenforceability, many countries completely ignored it. For 10 points, name this treaty signed by 62 countries that banned "war as an instrument of national policy" proposed by a French foreign minister and U. S. secretary of state.
Answer: Kellogg-Briand Pact [or Kellogg-Briand Treaty or Pact of Paris]
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In the Nibelungenlied it is called Balmung, and in the Ring Cycle it is called Nothung, but its most common name comes from the Old Norse word for "anger." It was created by Weyland, and its first owner received it in the hall of the Volsung after retrieving it from the tree Branstock. After its first owner's death, its two halves were reforged by Regin for its most famous use, though its second owner decapitates Regin with it in self-defense. For 10 points, name this sword once owned by Sigmund and eventually wielded by Sigurd to destroy Fafnir.
Answer: Gram [accept "Nothung" before mentioned, give a suspicious look to anyone who gives "Balmung" before mentioned]
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When referring to electrons, it is approximately equal to the Fermi energy when the temperature is substantially less than the characteristic temperature. When equated with the electrical potential, it can be used to derive the Nernst equation and it is defined as the partial derivative of the free energy of a system with respect to the amount of a substance. For a substance in phase equilibrium the gas and liquid phase values for this quantity are equal. Sometimes known as the partial molar Gibbs Energy, for 10 points, name this "energy" that explains diffusion as particles flow from higher concentrations to lower concentrations.
Answer: chemical potential
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The author of this text notes that it is embarrassing to have spoken about someone without noticing that they could hear you. The author also remarks that summer and winter, laughter and anger, and rain and mist are all things that cannot be compared, and also lists duck eggs, a white coat worn over a violet waistcoat, and a pretty child eating strawberries as "elegant things." Widely cited at the epitome of zuihitsu, for 10 points, name this collection of loosely connected lists and musings, written in the Heian period by Sei Shonagon.
Answer: The Pillow Book [or Makura no Soshi]
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John McCarthy wrote a 1982 paper discussing the prosodic structure of this linguistic phenomenon, and James MacMillan wrote a 1980 paper on it in which he discusses five forms in which it can occur, including genuine tmesis, and shows where it might occur in words like "OK," "incredible," and "fantastic." The required modification usually happens immediately preceding the syllable with primary lexical stress or in the middle of a two-word phrase, a common example being after the word "Jesus" in "Jesus Christ." For 10 points, name this specialized linguistic process in which an emotive intensifier is inserted into a word or phrase to heighten its impact, as in "Ala-bloody-bama" and "un-fucking-believable."
Answer: expletive infixation [also accept expletive infixing, prompt on "tmesis" before mentioned, prompt on "infixing"]
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With doubles partner Natasha Zvereva, she lost in the finals of all four Grand Slam events in 1998, three times to Jana Novotna and Martina Hingis. The year before, she had partnered with Novotna to win the U.S. Open doubles title, and in 1998 she defeated Martina Hingis in the U.S. Open to win her first Grand Slam singles title. She withdrew in the second round of Wimbledon in 2008 due to a knee injury; three years earlier, she lost to Venus Williams in the finals of Wimbledon in a marathon 4-6, 7-6, 9-7 match. For 10 points, name this former world No. 1 tennis player, a 6'2 American who won the 1996 women's singles gold medal in Atlanta.
Answer: Lindsay Davenport
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He enjoyed his first great success in 1822 for his opera Zoraida di Granata. He drew from a Schiller play for his 1835 opera Maria Stuarda, and he wrote a Larghetto for Piano in A minor based on the aria Una furtiva lagrima; that aria is sung by Nemorino in Act II of his opera The Elixir of Love. Drawing heavily from Sir Walter Scott, both Il Castello di Kenilworth and a work concerning the tragic love of Edgardo and the title character are operas by, for 10 points, which Italian composer of Lucia di Lammermoor?
Answer: Gaetano Donizetti
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Some of the participants in this event include Martin Bucer, Phillipp Melanchthon, and Johannes Oecolampadius. The participants attended at the behest of Philip of Hesse, and while one of the participants had hoped to "end the strife of blind fury," bitter differences still remained between the two sides at the following year's Diet of Augsburg. While the minor concern of `withholding the cup from the laity' was raised, it was primarily held to consider the meaning of the phrase "hoc est corpus meum," For 10 points, name this 1529 debate the presence of Christ in the Eucharist, a meeting between Huldrych Zwingli and Martin Luther in the namesake German city, which later became the name of a virus.
Answer: Marburg Colloquy [accept equivalents such as Marburg summit, etc]
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A black dog is laying at the far right of this painting, while a strange white bird at the far left, in the artist's words, "represents the uselessness of words." In the upper right-hand corner of the painting is the artist's signature and the date of the painting's creation, 1897, while in the upper left-hand corner is the painting's title, inspired by a particular catechism during the artist's time in a seminary near Orleans. Depicting a blue Buddha and a progression of aging Tahitian women symbolizing the cycle of life, this is, for 10 points, what inquisitve masterpiece of Paul Gauguin?
Answer: Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous?, prompt on "Where Do We Come From?" or "D'ou Venons Nous?"]
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He wrote several children's works in the 1920s, including See the Gypsies Munching Cheese and The Straw Guy. His 1943 Missa Brevis was dedicated to his wife, but the year after she died, he married a 19-year-old student. His peak decade of composition was the 1930s, in which he produced his Peacock Variations, Spinning Room, Te Deum of Budavar, and Dances of Galanta, but he may be best known for a suite from a 1926 opera, based on The Veteran by Janos Garay, about a hussar in the Austrian army. For 10 points, name this Hungarian composer of the opera Hary Janos, the namesake of a "method" of musical education that stresses children's education and the right to musical literacy of every human being.
Answer: Zoltan Kodaly
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The final chapter in which she appears is prefaced by two lines from the Thomas Moore poem "Weep Not for Those." When she asks the title character where he thinks Jerusalem is, he replies "up in the clouds." Her mother, Marie, is described as "a merciless extractor of love," and her father, Augustine, is the sickly son of a wealthy planter. Just over two years after the title character saves her from drowning, she contracts what appears to be tuberculosis and dies, but not before convincing Topsy that she, too, can be saved, and giving locks of her hair to everyone in the household. For 10 points, name this child of the St. Clare household, a friend of Uncle Tom and an allegory for Harriet Beecher Stowe's evangelism.
Answer: Evangeline St. Clare [accept either underlined part, also accept "Little Eva"]
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In magnetohydrodynamics it determines whether or not a magnetic field will diffuse away or remain frozen in the plasma and its magnetic version is dependent on the velocity and electrical conductivity of a plasma. It is involved in a solution of the Hagen-Poiseuille equation used to approximate the Darcy friction factor and the drag coefficient must be a universal function of it. This quantity is highly dependent on the characteristic length of the region of fluid flow, and is proportional to the ratio of a fluid's inertia to its kinematic viscosity. When this value is low, it corresponds to a smooth, layered flow. For 10 points, identify this dimensionless quantity related to the turbulence of a fluid.
Answer: Reynolds number
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Joseph Bucklin fired the only shot and the event occurred after the townspeople met at Joseph Sabin's tavern. Their complaint was the seizure of personal property by Lieutenant Dudingston who had been pursuing the packet boat Hannah when he ran aground near Namquid Point. John brown organized this event, which occurred three years after a similar event involving the Liberty. Ephraim Bowen was the only survivor of this event when the party of arsonists led by Abraham Whipple was warned to stay away from the grounded schooner in, for 10 points, what incident where Rhode Islanders burned a ship sent to enforce the Stamp Act in 1772.
Answer: Gaspee Affair
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The protagonist of this novel is described as handsome and rich and that he frequently dreams of trees or birds in trees. If that character had lived longer he would have most likely seduced a girl, much like his father seduced his mother Victoria. Cristo Bedoya searched for him all morning to warn that figure in this novel, but did not know that he was at Flora Miguel's house. The butcher, the police and the colonel all were repeatedly warned about Pablo and Pedro's intent to murder him yet did not think they were serious. Clothilde Armenta yelled at him to run, but he could not open his front door. For 10 points, taking the virginity of Angela Vicario leads Santiago Nasar to be stabbed to death in what novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez?
Answer: Chronicle of a Death Foretold
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This group of structures in the brain appears especially dense after a tyrosine hydroxylase stain, due to high levels of a certain neurotransmitter and one of its subdivisions is responsible for the organization of posture. Damage to certain parts of it contribute to Huntington's disease, and a loss of pigmented neurons of the substantia nigra, an accessory to this structure, is characteristic of Parkinson's disease. Its subdivisions include the subthalamic nucleus, caudate nucleus, putamen, and globus pallidus. For 10 points, identify this system of neural nuclei crucial for fine motor control, one of the major sites of dopamine production.
Answer: basal ganglia [also accept basal nuclei]
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His reign is associated with a serious pandemic, which scholars believe to be either plague, polio, or the first recorded outbreak of influenza. He was succeeded by Smenkhkare who was co-regent with him towards the end of his reign and a collection of messages on clay tablets, the Amarna letters, give us insight into his foreign policy views of the Assyrians and the Hittites. His wife was the daughter of Ay and he constructed many temples near Karnak to a certain solar god. A statue of his wife is on display in the Altes Museum of Berlin and is one of the most recognized works of Art from the ancient world, the bust of Nefertiti. For 10 points, name this "Servant of the Aten" who as Pharaoh tried to replace the traditional polytheistic religion of Egypt with monotheism and was the father of Tutankhamen.
Answer: Akhenaten [or Akhnaten or Ikhnaton or Amenhotep IV]
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The first expedition to climb this mountain landed at McMurdo Sound in December of 1966, and, led by Nicholas Clinch, all seven members reached its peak. In 2001, NOVA sponsored a group including author Jon Krakauer to ascend its East Face, and that expedition logged its height at about 16,000 feet. Located in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, the highest point at its southern end is Mount Craddock. The second-shortest and by far the southernmost of the Seven Summits, this is, for 10 points, which tallest mountain in Antarctica?
Answer: Vinson Massif [I think "Mount Vinson" is acceptable too]
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The depth of the call tree of this algorithm is theta log of n, and in its worst case runtime, the call tree becomes a linear chain of n nested cells. That worst-case scenario can be avoided by using a selection algorithm to pick the kth smallest element in its first step. Like mergesort, it is easily parallelized because it is a "divide-and-conquer algorithm." Developed by C.A.R. Hoare, for 10 points, name this algorithm that selects a pivot, divides the set, and recursively reorganizes each set, an algorithm named for its ability to partition elements in a set relatively rapidly.
Answer: quicksort
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Michigan A
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Fought on the Pampa de la Quinua on December 9, 1824, it ended with Jose de la Serna signing the final surrender of the Royalist army. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle that secured the independence of Peru.
Answer: Battle of Ayacucho
[10] The Independentist army was led by this man, Simon Bolivar's lieutenant. He would later lend his name to a capital city of Bolivia.
Answer: Antonio Jose de Sucre
[10] Two years earlier, Sucre had scored a decisive victory over Aymerich's Royalist army at this battle, which ended 3500 meters above sea level in what is now Ecuador.
Answer: Battle of Pichincha
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Below a certain temperature, superconductors expel a magnetic field. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this effect called, named for the German physicist who discovered it in 1933?
Answer: Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect
[10] Superconductors displaying the Meissner effect attained this property, meaning that magnetic permeability is completely absent. Materials with this property have a magnetic susceptibility of -1.
Answer: perfect diamagnetism [accept superdiamagnetism, should someone be prompted on "diamagnetism?"]
[10] The Meissner effect provides strong evidence for this mechanism, a form of superconductivity in a vacuum. It assumes that space is filled with a namesake quantum fluid made up of gauge bosons and some theoretical namesake bosons.
Answer: Higgs mechanism
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First-wave feminists - now THAT'S old school. For 10 points each:,
[10] This Brit's unfinished work about a wrongly-imprisoned wife, titled Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman was meant to be a sequel to two of her earlier "Vindications."
Answer: Mary Wollstonecraft
[10] Her support of "free love," her role in the adultery trial of Henry Ward Beecher, and her fervent support of women's suffrage have all largely been overshadowed by her groundbreaking 1872 presidential campaign.
Answer: Victoria Woodhull
[10] Considered to have been more radical than Susan B. Anthony or Elizabeth Cady Stanton, this founder of the Women's National Liberal Union [WNLU] opposed abortion because she believed it served men's desire to retain their wealth by limiting their offspring.
Answer: Matilda Joslyn Gage
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One of its stories, "This is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona," features its two most prevalent characters, Victor Joseph and Thomas-Builds-the-Fire. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1993 short story collection that won its author a PEN/Hemingway Award.
Answer: The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven
[10] The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven is by this Native American author of The Absolute True Diary of a Part-Time Indian and the screenplay for Smoke Signals.
Answer: Sherman Alexie
[10] Though it is a short story collection, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven shares many characteristics with the novel Love Medicine, written by this Ojibwe author of Tracks and The Beet Queen.
Answer: Louise Erdrich
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Answer some questions about condensation reactions, for 10 points each.,
[10] This carbon-carbon bond forming reaction occurs in the presence of a strong base and requires at least one enolizable ester to produce its characteristic beta-keto ester.
Answer: Claisen condensation [do not accept "Claisen rearrangment"]
[10] This is the intramolecular form of Claisen condensation, in which diesters react with a base to form a beta-keto ester.
Answer: Dieckmann condensation
[10] The most common type of this modification, a sort of biological condensation reaction, occurs on serine. It generally requires a protein kinase.
Answer: phosphorylation
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It is the first of its author's for ""Berenger" [BAY-rahn-zhay] plays." For 10 points each:,
[10] In this play, Berenger tries to convince the title character that his titular occupation is wrong. He fails miserably.
Answer: The Killer [also accept Tueur sans gages]
[10] The Killer is by this Absurdist author of The Lesson, The Chairs, and Amedee, or How to Get Rid of It.
Answer: Eugene Ionesco
[10] In this play, perhaps Ionesco's most famous work, the Smiths and the Martins spout nonsense at each other. When the fire chief mentions the title character, Mrs. Smith notes that "she always wears her hair in the same style."
Answer: The Bald Soprano [also accept The Bald Prima Donna or La Cantatrice Chauve]
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It is defined as the curve down which a bead sliding from rest and accelerated by gravity will slip, without friction, from one point to another in the least time. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this curve, whose name derives from the Greek for "shortest" and "time?"
Answer: brachistochrone curve
[10] The brachistochrone problem was first posed by this Swiss mathematician, the teacher of a young Leonhard Euler.
Answer: Johann Bernoulli [prompt on "Bernoulli," do not accept "Jakob" or "Daniel"]
[10] All brachistochrone curves are merely upside-down sections of this type of curve, defined by the path of a point on the edge of a circular wheel as that wheel travels in a straight line.
Answer: cycloid
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The name "Carlos," spelled out in lights, is slightly obscured. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting, which also depicts a red sign reading "Bill" as well as three of the titular form.
Answer: I Saw The Figure 5 in Gold
[10] I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold is a work by this artist of Chimney and Watertower and The Boat Ride from Sorrento.
Answer: Charles Demuth
[10] Demuth's late works are some of the earliest examples of this artistic movement of the 1920s. Sometimes called "Cubist-Realism," its works were sharp-edged, cleanly painted, and highly simplistic and geometric.
Answer: Precisionism [also accept Sterilism or Immaculatism]
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It resulted in the excommunication of the entire invading army by Pope Innocent III. For 10 points each,,
[10] Name this 1202 engagement in what is now Croatia, which was to stand as payment for the fleet of ships Pope Innocent III had commissioned from the Republic of Venice.
Answer: Siege of Zara [accept Zadar]
[10] The Siege of Zara was the first major action of this crusade, which lasted until 1204 and which saw the creation of the Latin Empire and the completion of the Great Schism.
Answer: Fourth Crusade
[10] Upon the death of Theobald III of Champagne, this man was chosen to be the leader of the Fourth Crusade. After the crusaders' conquest of Constantinople, he founded the Kingdom of Thessalonica.
Answer: Boniface I, Marquess of Montferrat
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Those darn hormones! For 10 points each:,
[10] This hormone is responsible for a large part of lactation, as well as for uterine dilation contractions in the later stages of labor. It is notably similar to vasopressin.
Answer: oxytocin
[10] In men, this hormone stimulates Leydig cells, which produce testosterone, while in women, a "surge" in it triggers ovulation. Certain eating disorders can lead to lower production of this glycoprotein.
Answer: leutinizing hormone [accept LH or lutropin]
[10] This hormone, secreted by the delta cells of the pancreas, inhibits the production of insulin and glucagons as well as GH.
Answer: somatostatin [also accept Somatotroping Release-Inhibiting Factor, prompt on "growth hormone inhibiting hormone" or "GHIH"]
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It consists of 18 short films set in different arrondisements of the title city. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 2006 Emmanuel Benbihy and Claudie Ossard project, a selection at both the Cannes and Toronto Film Festivals.
Answer: Paris, je t'aime [also accept Paris, I love you]
[10] The Parc Monceau [or 17th arrondisement] film was directed by this director of Y tu mama tambien, Children of God, and Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.
Answer: Alfonso Cuaron
[10] The Faubourg Saint-Denis [or 10th arrondisement] film, which starred Natalie Portman, was directed by this man. He may be best known for directing Run Lola Run.
Answer: Tom Tykwer
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Born to a Khoikhoi family in South Africa, she was taken by Hendrick Cezar to Great Britain, where she gained great notoriety. For 10 points each,,
[10] Name this woman, exhibited in Britain and France in the early 1800s and famed for her sizable buttocks.
Answer: Saartjie/Sarah Baartman [prompt on "The Hottentot Venus"]
[10] The Khoikhoi were colloquially known in Europe by this other term, Dutch for "stutterer." Baartman's famous nickname incorporated the term.
Answer: Hottentot
[10] This Frenchman performed a detailed autopsy on Baartman in 1817, but may be better known today for establishing the fact of extinction as well as being an active proponent of the theory of catastrophism.
Answer: Georges Cuvier
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He was murdered by his own son in 757 AD. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, name this Tang Dynasty general, of Turkish origin, who established the short-lived Yan Dynasty.
Answer: An Lushan [or Xiongwu or An Rokhan]
[10] Sometimes called the An Lushan Rebellion, this 755 AD rebellion saw An Lushan become emperor after capturing both Luoyang and Changan.
Answer: An Shi Rebellion [or Tianbao Rebellion]
[10] Killed during the An Shi Rebellion, this consort of Emperor Xuanzong had adopted An Lushan as her son.
Answer: Yang Guifei [or Yang Yuhuan or Taizhen]
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Greek myth sure has inspired some great tone poems. For 10 points each:,
[10] Three of his four tone poems, Le Rouet D'Omphale, Phaeton, and Le jeunesse d'Hercule, are based on Greek myth. However, the fourth, Danse Macabre, is the one most often performed today. He also write Carnival of the Animals and the Organ Symphony.
Answer: Camille Saint-Saens
[10] His Prometheus: The Poem of Fire includes a part for Color Organ, though many scholars doubt that this composer of Vers la Flamme actually experienced synaesthesia.
Answer: Alexander Scriabin
[10] His tone poem The Sirens is less remembered today than the "Russian Sailors' Dance" from his 1927 opera The Red Poppy.
Answer: Reinhold Gliere
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2008 Grammy winners, for 10 points each:,
[10] This troubled songstress picked up 5 Grammys in 2008, including Song of the Year and Record of the Year for her hit "Rehab."
Answer: Amy Winehouse
[10] Of Winehouse's 6 nominations, she only failed to win Album of the Year, which went to this contemporary jazz performer's "River: The Joni Letters."
Answer: Herbie Hancock
[10] Both or nothing, the Grammy for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals went to these two singers for their "Gone Gone Gone [Done Moved On]." One is the former lead singer of a British rock band, and the other is a 21-time Grammy-winning bluegrass singer.
Answer: Robert Plant and Alison Krauss
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Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, for 10 points each:,
[10] In this 1872 work, Nietzsche develops the idea of the balance of the Apollonian, or orderly, and the Dionysian, or chaotic, in dramatic art.
Answer: The Birth of Tragedy [or Die Geburt der Tragodie]
[10] This 1887 book deals with the concepts of power and eternal recurrence, and it contains the first of Nietzsche's famous propositions that "God is dead." It also contains a great deal of his poetry, to which the title partly refers.
Answer: The Gay Science [or Die frohliche Wissenschaft]
[10] This 1895 work puts forth "The Problem of Socrates," which deals largely with his ugliness, as well as "The Four Great Errors," which deal with confusions causality and the absence of free will. Its title is a cynical parody on the title of a Wagner opera.
Answer: Twilight of the Idols, or How to Philosophize with a Hammer [or Gotzendammerung - any more German than that is just showing off and should be duly scorned.]
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Let's take a tour of scenic West Africa! For 10 points each:,
[10] We get off the plane in this city, the capital of and largest city in Burkina Faso.
Answer: Ouagadougou
[10] The northern portion of West Africa is largely composed of this semi-arid savannah region that forms the transition between the Sahara and the Sudan.
Answer: the Sahel Belt
[10] No tour of West Africa would be complete without visiting this portion of the Gulf of Guinea that receives a portion of the Niger River Delta. It is named for one of the countries it borders, whose capital is Porto Novo.
Answer: Bight of Benin
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Jews in American government, for 10 points each:,
[10] In addition to starting `Women Strike for Peace' in the 1960s, she ran successfully in Manhattan for a seat in the House of Representatives and defended Willie McGee against false charges of raping his white partner.
Answer: Bella Abzug
[10] He resigned his position as a senator from Louisiana when that state seceded from the Union; he would go on to become the first Attorney General, the second Secretary of War, and the third Secretary of State of the CSA.
Answer: Judah P. Benjamin
[10] This senior senator from Pennsylvania is [as of October 2008] one of only three Jewish Republicans in Congress. He worked on the Warren Commission and currently chairs the Judiciary Committee, but lately he has made more news with his involvement with Spygate.
Answer: Arlen Specter
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It begins with the eight-year-old main character describing his first notions of the meanings of "bad" and "good." For 10 points each,,
[10] Name this 1954 novel in which that boy is forced to flee into a tropical forest after being left behind during a slave raid.
Answer: My Life in the Bush of Ghosts
[10] My Life in the Bush of Ghosts was written by this Nigerian author of The Palm-Wine Drinkard.
Answer: Amos Tutuola
[10] This Tutuola work is structured as a series of stories narrated by an aging chief. In the first tale, he and his brother, Alabi, are enchanted by the title character until their sister Ashabi rescues them by breaking ostrich eggs in a magic pit.
Answer: The Feather Woman of the Jungle
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And now for some actual Greek myth! Name these women with unnatural lusts, for 10 points each:,
[10] She lusted after her father Theias, the king of Assyria. She went to his bed in a veil, he found out it was her and chased her with a knife - long story short, the gods turned her into a tree and she gave birth to Adonis.
Answer: Myrrha
[10] The daughter of Miletis, according to Ovid this woman fell in love with her brother, Caunus. Understandably, he ran away, and she chased him until she died and was turned into a spring.
Answer: Byblis
[10] This Phoenician was seduced by Zeus in the form of a white bull, by whom she gave birth to the three judges of the Underworld: Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon.
Answer: Europa
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Shakespearean man-crushes, for 10 points each:,
[10] In The Merchant of Venice, Antonio is totally crushing on this suitor and eventual husband of Portia, loaning him a huge sum of money for no good reason.
Answer: Bassanio
[10] In Twelfth Night, a different Antonio lends this twin brother of Viola his coin-purse and lets him go in the city unattended. Antonio had only known this man for a few days before deciding to risk his life for him in Illyria.
Answer: Sebastian
[10] This good friend of Coriolanus calls the general his "lover" in Act V, though he is more famous for comparing the Roman Senate to the stomach of a body.
Answer: Menenius
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pillars of Islam, for 10 points each:,
[10] This is the name given to the fifth pillar of Islam, the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Answer: hajj
[10] This is the term for the ritual of praying to Allah five times a day, the second pillar of Islam.
Answer: salah [or salat or namaz]
[10] From the Arabic for "to grow" or "to purify," this third pillar of Islam requires all faithful to give up 1/40 of their income when that wealth exceeds a minimum level, or nisab.
Answer: zakah [or zakat]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Major players in the formation of the theory of continental drift, for 10 points each:,
[10] In his 1915 work The Origin of Continents and Oceans, this German put forth his theory that there had once been a supercontinent, which he called Pangaea, and that landmass had split apart nearly 180 million years prior.
Answer: Alfred Wegener
[10] In 1620, this philosopher and author of The New Atlantis and a famous eulogy for Queen Elizabeth the First noted the striking similarity in the coastlines of Africa and South America.
Answer: Francis Bacon
[10] This cartographer from Antwerp, in his 1596 work Thesaurus Geographicus, suggested that the Americas were "torn away from Europe and Africa... by earthquakes and floods." He is also considered the creator of the first modern atlas.
Answer: Abraham Ortelius

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