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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Maryland A
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If this property's value cannot be expressed in terms of smaller values for it, as in the case of irregular Mose-Kelly sets or non-well-ordered sets, it is called "inaccessible." For the set containing only itself and the empty set, it is one; its value for the power set of any set with value A is given by 2A. It is usually notated by enclosing a set in flat brackets. Its first use was Cantor's "Diagonal Argument" for the Continuum Hypothesis, which states that the value of this property must be a nonnegative integer. For 10 points identify this property, which for the integers has the value aleph-null and is used to designate the relative sizes of infinite sets.
Answer: Cardinality
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This thinker cited external trade demands and internal population rise as the factors that created the titular phenomenon of his Agricultural Involution, and he claimed that a scholar must focus on destroying fear in "Anti-Anti-Relativism." He called upon society to launch the so-called "the Metacognitive Revolution," and asserted that folk myths and legends function as drama in a certain "Theatre State." His essay collection "Local Knowledge" is best-known for its denunciation of structuralism as "a sort of high-tech rationalism," though he is better-known for "Islam Observed" and his investigation of the social function of symbols in "Peddlers and Princes" and "The Religion of Java." For 10 points, name this American anthropologist whose essay "Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight" appears in The Interpretation of Cultures."
Answer: Clifford Geertz
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It is thought that these objects could be formed by the quick burning of Population III stars into heavier elements - a hypothesis that also explains why a metal-free object of this type has never been observed. The structures of these objects are entirely convective and therefore causes them to display prominences and flares more often then similar objects leading to many of these objects being described as `flare stars'. One of these objects, Gliese 581, was found to have an extrasolar planet of only 5 Earth masses and the closest star to our sun, Proxima Centauri is classified as one. Constituting the majority of all stars, for 10 points, identify these objects classified as K and M on the HR-diagram - low mass and low temperature stars that are able to burn hydrogen unlike brown dwarfs.
Answer: red dwarfs
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2006's Operation Astute saw this name adopted by the central Battle Group. The more famous entity of this name was rerouted to Egypt for after a similar Canadian body faced much-publicized difficulties during a winter on Salisbury Plain. Alexander Godley collaborated with William Birdwood to oversee its operations, which didn't formally cease until another branch of it disbanded after Villers-Bretonneux. Its divisions included two infantry as well as two mounted brigades who performed well in Palestine but were cited as proof of tired strategy after this group's most famous defeat. For 10 points, name this subdivision of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force active during World War I, which sustained heavy casualties at the Battle of Gallipoli and was mostly drawn from two Pacific countries.
Answer: ANZAC or Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
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This author commanded "let the man be dead" and "leave his verse" in his poem "Verlaine," while he claimed that the author of Germinal "put the compromising chart of hell before your eyes" in "Zola." Those poems appear in a collection that was followed by Man Against the Sky that this author of the novel Tristram addressed "To the Memory of my Father and Mother." He wrote of the centuries since the Persians lost at Marathon in "Villanelle of Change" and told a man to "go to the Western Gate" in "Luke Havergal" in that collection, Children of the Night, which also features his poem about an "imperially slim" man who "glittered when he walked" before committing suicide. Known for creating the "child of scorn," Miniver Cheevy, and for his poems set in Tillbury Town, for 10 points, identify this American poet of Richard Cory.
Answer: Edward Arlington Robinson
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One of their sects was the Ophites, who venerated the serpent and glorified the heroism of Eve. Though doctrines varied from sect to sect, they viewed the Incarnation as a complete abrogation of the Abrahamic Covenant, because the created was actually the work of an evil Demiurge called either Ialdabaoth or Abraxas. Their mythologies, such as that of Marcion of Sinope, featured beings called "aeons" gradually immanating from the Pleroma, or Primal Fullness, culminating in Christ and his female counterpart Sophia. Simon Magus promoted similar myths. For 10 points identify this broad group of semi-Christian heresies united by their rejection of all corporeality and faith in the fragmentary Godhood of every person, named for the Greek for "knowledge."
Answer: Gnosticisms
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After these characters were burned alive, they were reincarnated as catfish which eventually transformed into human children. In another story, these characters summoned spirits in the form of an elderly couple which then removed the jewels around the eyes and in the teeth of the arrogant bird god, Seven Macaw, causing him to die of shame. These characters once used ants to gather an offering of well-guarded flowers for the rulers of the underworld and one member of this group had his head replaced with a turtle and then a gourd after it was lopped off by a bat. Known for beating the Lords of Xibalba in a ballgame, for 10 points, identify these characters from Mayan mythology, two brothers named Xbalanque [Sha-BAL-an-kay] and Hunahpu.
Answer: The Mayan Hero Twins [or Hunahpu and Xbalanque before mentioned]
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He noted that literary criticism should resemble an adventure novel in the preface to his On Life and Letters, which contains stories like "The Seven Wives of Bluebeard" and "The Garden of Epicurus," as well as as one in which Catherine Montaine sees a parade of the dead, "The Mass of Shadows." Gamelin finds himself unable to stop executing people in his The Gods Are Athirst, while he explored feminism in The Red Lily and Thais, which got him in trouble with the Church. Zita and Prince Istar join a campaign against Ialdabaoth led by Arcade in one work, while another centers on a philologist who encounters Clementine's orphaned daughter Jeanne Alexandre. His most famous work sees Mael baptize a community dominated by Draco the Great, Oberosia, and Kraken, who then get souls. The author of Revolt of the Angels and The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard, for 10 points, identify this French Nobel Laureate who wrote Penguin Island.
Answer: Anatole France
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One character in this novel was only able to escape a life with the crime lord Skinny through sexual favors to his godmother. Shortly before a sudden interior monologue about the prostitute Golden Toes, one narrator in this work expresses concern for the dog Skimpy, who is being molested by Boa. That narrator ultimately chooses a comfortable middle class life, spurning Teresa and his future as "the Poet" after previously joining"the Circle." After cramming into a bathroom, a dice roll of four sends Cava on a mission to steal a chemistry answer sheet, prompting an eventual confession by "The Slave" and his subsequent murder by Jaguar. Lieutenant Gamboa, however, is unable to report the crime due to the corruption and indifference of the Peruvian military. Set at the Leoncio Prado Academy, for 10 points, identify this novel by Mario Vargas Llosa.
Answer: The Time of the Hero or The City and the Dogs or La Ciudad y los Perros
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The poems "Philosophy of the Cool" and "Bombs from Bullshit" appear on spoken word album by Sekuo Sundiata named for the "Blue Oneness" of these entities. The Ruthwell Cross contains part of an early Anglo-Saxon poem called one of these "of the Rood," while this word appears an adjective in Norman Mailer's portrait of Stephen Rojack. Indra's daughter Agnes observes how much humanity sucks in a Strindberg work titled as this kind of "Play," while a Qing dynasty work about Jia Baoyu and written by Cao Xueqin is sometimes titled as one of these "of the Red Chamber." For 10 points, identify these entities in which the narrator of Rebecca went to Manderley as the novel opens, presumably while she was asleep.
Answer: Dreams
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One scene in this film involves a character asking for Novocaine although `such a thing is not known to medical science' while another has Bea Arthur handing out unemployment funds to a main character and asking "Did you bullshit last week?" A song in this movie discusses the agony and shame of "making your privates public for a game" and several times throughout the film, characters are saved by the white racehorse, Miracle. The movie opens with a group of masturbating prehistoric men labeled as "Our Forefathers" and the ending of this film promises a sequel with scenes of 'Jews in Space' and `Hitler on Ice'. The origin of the phrase "It's good to be the king", for 10 points, identify this 1981 Mel Brooks film that parodies the Dawn of Man to the French Revolution.
Answer: The History of the World, Part 1
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In the Povarov reaction, an aromatic one of these compounds reacts with an electron-rich alkenol molecule in order to form a quinoline. Tetrahydropyrines can be formed from a molecule of this type and a diene in the Aza modification of the Diels-Alder reaction. When used in an addition reaction with a secondary amine, an ionic salt of this type of compound is formed and can further react to create a Mannich base. They can be formed from the use of hydrozoic acid and alkenes in one version of the Schmidt reaction. Including such types as Schiff bases and azomethines, for 10 points, identify these functional groups that are characterized by a carbon-nitrogen double bond.
Answer: imines
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One member of this group showed an elderly reflection as a young girl stairs into a vanity in Woman and Mirror and depicted himself in full uniform with a severed right hand in front of a nude figure in Self Portrait as a Soldier. That man's later depictions of prostitutes, the "Metropole" series, coupled with his publication of a "Chronicle" of this group that led to its dissolution. One member attempted to re-establish woodcuts as a popular medium, while another produced Candle Dancers and Flower Garden, both watercolors. A focus on entertainment culture and gypsies by later members Otto Mueller and Max Pechstein helped brand much of this movement's production as Degenerate Art. Founded by Schmidt-Rottluff, Bleyl, Heckel, and Kirchner and later joined by Emil Nolde, for 10 points, identify this German expressionist school which sought to connect the old and the new, whose name translates to English as "The Bridge."
Answer: Die Brucke or The Bridge before mentioned
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Along with Thomas Young, this man names a theory that primates see color using three different cone sensitivities and his elliptical partial differential equation is the simplest eigenvalue equation in two dimensions.This man has a set of three eponymous theorems that govern the motion of a fluid in the presence of a vortex. Some of this man's lone contributions to psychology include publishing a Handbook of Psychological Optics and determining that nerve impulses move at a finite speed - a discovery that would lead to this man publishing a paper on the law of conservation of energy. For 10 points, identify this German scientist with a namesake type of free energy that is often symbolized A.
Answer: Hermann von Helmholtz
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This document points to one man's discussion of the "physiognomy of society" in a work on historical materialism to assert that rulers cannot afford parting with organs of suppression. It references Mann's Buddenbrooks to describe "self-delusion," and its final form emerged following a series of debates with Charles Bohlen. The precursor to this document was created under W.A. Harriman before being synthesized with a report compiled by Clifford and Elsey. Noting that one entity's structure fundamentally prevented an accurate view of the world and that that same entity perceives a perpetual war against capitalism, it advises action that is "long-term, patient, and vigilant." Drawing from its author's previous Long Telegram, it appeared in Foreign Affairs under the title The Sources of Soviet Conduct. For 10 points, identify this article advocating Containment against the Soviet Union, named for George Kennan's single letter pseudonym.
Answer: X Article (accept The Sources of Soviet Conduct before mentioned, be kind and prompt on "Long Telegram")
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One of his works uses the example of considering train schedules to discuss "feigned hesitancy" and transubstantiation to establish the primacy of sensible effects. That work's third section considers physics, particularly weight and force, before concluding that there is "no royal road to logic." Identifying the ability to appease doubt as one of the properties of belief, this author criticized the logicians for their ambiguity, and Leibnitz for failing to account for the base assumptions in Cartesian thought, which has led to the "ornament of logic" that must be discarded. For 10 points, name this author of "On a New List of Categories" who discussed two distinctions of conception and laid out three grades of accomplishing the title task in "How to Make Our Ideas Clear," and also wrote "The Fixation of Belief" to lay the basis for pragmatism.
Answer: Charles Sanders Peirce
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Eduard Totleben claimed that he could have changed the outcome of this specific event with two months and a shovel, and one domestic response to it was the poem "Brother, Do Not Die." During this event, the phrase "persevering through hardship" was repeated over and over to incite anger over the Triple Intervention, and its key events revolved around Orphan Hills and Fort Erhlung. The cost of this action contributed heavily to the resentment on one side that triggered the Era of Crowd Violence following a protest in Hibiya Park, as the leasing of the area central to this event was one of few gains in the treaty it helped prompt. Anatoly Stoessel was court-martialed over unused rations after this event, which saw the much-criticized "human wave" tactics of Maresuke Nogi. Lasting five months and costing 100,000 lives, it was followed by the naval victory of Tsushima. Leading to the Treaty of Portsmouth, for 10 points, identify this protracted fight over a certain coastal city during the Russo-Japanese War.
Answer: Siege of Port Arthur (accept any answer that conveys people killing each other at Port Arthur)
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Its three grand facades depict the Nativity, the Glory, and the Passion, sculpted in relief by Josep Subirachs; when its architect was reproached for the slow process being made on the cathedral, he remarked, "My Client is not in a hurry." Saints Mark and Matthew are commemorated by the Tower of the Lion and the Tower of the Winged Man, respectively. Though the project began in 1822, it has in fact not been completed yet, so the Towers of the Bull and Eagle, for Saints Luke and John, as well as the Virgin Tower & Tower of the Christ, which is to feature a 170 meter cross. For 10 points identify this work of Antoni Gaudi, a massive unfinished church in Barcelona.
Answer: El Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia or Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family
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One class in this phylum consists of tiny flat and round members that are exclusively parasites of crinoids, the Myzostomida. Another class, the Hirudinea, has its coelom filled with spongy tissue reducing a normally open space into a series of narrow canals. Another class of this phylum consists of marine creatures that possess hundreds of chitin bristles and some can be found living in self-secreted tubes in deep-sea vents. Terrestrial members of this phylum hold their eggs in a glandular sac called a clitellum and though they are hermaphroditic, usually must make contact with another individual to reproduce. Named after the many ring-like structures found on their bodies, for 10 points, identify this phylum of segmented worms that includes leeches and earthworms.
Answer: Annelida or Annelids or segmented worms (before stated)
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The origins of this event include the death of John Stone, a smuggler and privateer, and the later killing of merchant John Oldham. The latter death prompted Governor Henry Vane of the to send a force led by John Endecott to Block Island, where Endecott and his men attacked and burned a Niantic village to the ground. A winter siege of Fort Saybrook and raids on local towns by this conflict's namesake led the Connecticut Colony to raise a force consisting of 90 militia and 70 Mohegans. Mason's force conducted the Mystic Massacre in, for 10 points, what 1636-1637 war in which Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies pretty much exterminated the namesake tribe?
Answer: Pequot War
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It was discovered on Jan. 29, 1606 when Portuguese sailor Pedros Fernandes de Quieros sited it and named it San Joao Baptista. It was rediscovered by its eponymous British explorer on June 17, 1819, when he sailed here aboard the Hercules, a ship of the British East India Company. The Essex landed here and stayed from Dec. 20, 1820 until Dec. 27, 1820, believing it to be Ducie Island despite the fact that it is not an atoll. American businessman Arthur Ratliff attempted to buy the island in the 1980s, but his forays were rejected by the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and the island was named a World Heritage site in 1988 for its bird life and pristine phosphate reserves. For 10 points, name this uplifted coral island with no fresh water and four native bird species, located 120 miles northeast of Pitcairn Island.
Answer: Henderson Island
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This play took first place in the tragedy festival of 448 B.C. In it, Lichas is sent by the heroine to her husband, whose affections have been inconstant, with a shirt which she thinks he will like, but does not know that Nessus has poisoned. He puts on the shirt and, when it starts to be painful but can't be removed, calls Hyllus to build a funeral pyre for his apotheosis. The husband, Herakles, charges Hyllus to kill his own mother, the heroine Deianeira, in revenge, but Hyllus does not when he learns she acted innocently. Herakles curses them and Deianeira commits suicide. For 10 points identify this tragedy named for the city where Deianeira resides, a work of Sophocles.
Answer: The Women of Trachis or Trachiniae
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The first man to hold this title, who enjoyed it for sixteen years before being killed at Northampton, while a later holder of the title was executed in 1521 for treason due to his opposition to Thomas Wolsey. It was fused with Normanby in 1703 when it was awarded to John Sheffield, and was fused with Chandos when the title was given to Richard Nugent Temple Grenville. The most famous holder of this position held it as a viscount, earl, marquess, earl and eventually duke before being assassinated by John Felton, a Puritan extremist, in 1628 before he could go to La Rochelle to aid the Huguenots. For 10 points, name this title in the British peerage, most famously held by James I's probable gay lover, George Villiers.
Answer: Duke of Buckingham
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It was largely based on an oriental poetry anthology translated by Hans Bethge into German under the title "The Chinese Flute;" the first movement, is an allegro in A flat called "the Heavens Are Ever Blue." "The Lonely One in Autumn" movement is made more plangent by separating each of the contralto's lines with wholly orchestral sections. The final movement, "Der Abscheid" or "the Farewell," signifies the transcendence gained by accepting the cyclic renewal of the cosmos, and is based on another poem by Li-Po. For 10 points identify this symphony in six movements for solo voice and orchestra, a work of Gustav Mahler.
Answer: The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
 
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Maryland A
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Answer some questions about the country formerly once ruled by the Alaouite Dynasty, for 10 points each.,
[10] This country gave protection to U.S. merchants in their dispute with the Barbary Pirates in 1777, becoming the first nation to formally recognize the independent nation.
Answer: Morocco
[10] This city located at the Western entrance of the Strait of Gibraltar in northern Morocco hosted the first property ever owned abroad by the U.S. government. It was also a famous haven for intelligence operatives during the Cold War.
Answer: Tangier
[10] This European power, which gained control of Morocco through the Treaty of Fez in 1912, granted it independence in 1956. The Second Moroccan crisis saw a German gunboat enter Agadir in an attempt to diplomatically target this country.
Answer: France
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Identify the following about parts of the brain that play a role in sensation, for 10 points each.,
[10] In addition to playing a major role in consciousness, this portion of the brain and major component of the diencephalon relays sensory information for all of the senses except for olfaction.
Answer: thalamus
[10] Located towards the back of the brain, this smallest of the four major lobes acts as a primary processing center of mammalian vision.
Answer: occipital lobe
[10] This portion of the midbrain that takes its name from the Latin for `roof' is the primary visual center in non-mammalian vertebrates and also relays information to the auditory cortex in all vertebrates.
Answer: tectum
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Identify each of the following related to American poetry, for 10 points each.,
[10] Such of her poems as "The Author to Her Book" and "Upon the Burning of our House" were published without herconsent under the title "The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America."
Answer: Anne Bradstreet
[10] This poet, associated with the Confessional school and whom Bradstreet predeceased by exactly 300 years, first came to critical attention with 1953's "Homage to Mistress Bradstreet."
Answer: John Berryman
[10] Berryman is better known for this collection, the first 77 of which were published in 1959. The stazaic form he invented is named for this collection; the poems are characterized by a bizarre mixture of high-modernist anguish, heavy-handed irony, and bizarre slapstick dialogues.
Answer: The Dream Songs (prompt on "77 Dream Songs" or "More Dream Songs.")
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The modern incarnation of this school of thought has its foundations with William Godwin's An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice and Peter Kropotkin's The Conquest of Bread. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this philosophy, whose name coming from the Greek for "without rulers" was coined when Proudhon declared that "property is theft," which generally supports the absence of a formal governing state.
Answer: Anarchism (or just Anarchy)
[10] This author of Appeal to the Slavs published The Bell with Alexander Herzen and advocated Socialist Anarchism in Statism and Anarchy. He is best known for God and the State, which includes a memorable assertion about philosophical vinegar sauce.
Answer: Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin
[10] This leading Chinese anarchist, whose pseudonym was supposedly taken from Bakunin and Kropotkin, put forth his views in Random Thoughts and Ward Four. He is best known for the "Love" and "Torrents" trilogies, the latter of which includes his master work, Family.
Answer: Ba Jin or Pa Chin or Li Yaotang
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Identify the following things related to plate tectonics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This phenomenon occurs most often at convergent plate boundaries in which denser oceanic crust slides under the lighter continental crust, resulting in an area high in seismic activity.
Answer: subduction zones
[10] Subduction zones are often associated with this doubly-eponymous type of region that is characterized by a large amount of earthquakes as deep as 700 kilometers beneath the Earth's curst.
Answer: Wadati-Benioff zones
[10] The 2004 tsunami was due in part by the subduction of this plate beneath the Eurasian plate. It borders the Pacific Plate to the East and the Antarctic Plate to the South.
Answer: Indo-Australian plate
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He got his start in an early 70s hard rock band called Attila. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, name this musical artist who created the song, "We Didn't Start the Fire".
Answer: William `Billy' Martin Joel
[10] This 1977 song by Joel tells the story of former prom queen and king, Brenda and Eddie from the viewpoints of two friends meeting in the title location where you could enjoy `a bottle of red or a bottle of white' thought `it all depends upon your appetite'.
Answer: "Scenes from an Italian Restaurant"
[10] "Scenes from an Italian Restaurant" was released on this album that also includes such hits as "Only the Good Die Young" and "Movin' Out" along with the title track that begins "We all have a face/that we hide away forever".
Answer: The Stranger
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For 10 points each, name these rivers of Russia.,
[10] It flows through St. Petersburg on its way from Lake Ladoga into the Gulf of Finland. It has the third-highest discharge of any European river.
Answer: Neva River
[10] Its main tributary is the Donets, and it flows from Novomoskovsk to Voronezh on Rostov before emptying into the Sea of Azov.
Answer: Don River
[10] Its source is in the Baikal mountains and it flows to the northeast, where it is joined by the Kirenga and the Vitim before emptying into the Laptev Sea.
Answer: Lena River.
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Some dude named Fakombe was nominated Chief of Hunters according this Kingdom's constitution, the Kouroukan Fouga. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this African empire created after Sundiata defeated the Sosso army of Sumanguro at the Battle of Kirina.
Answer: Mali Empire
[10] This emperor, the first of the Laye lineage, was a devout Muslim who made a famous gold standard-ruining Hajj.
Answer: Mansa Musa
[10] Among the tremendous amount of things that went wrong under this later ruler of Mali were the Kaabu Rebellion, the formation of the Denanke state, and the sacking of Niani by Songhai forces under Askia Ishaq and Askia Daoud.
Answer: Mansa Mahmud III
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The victorious force under Daniel Morgan was bolstered by the Overmountain men, who had fought at Musgrove Hill and King's Mountain. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Revolutionary War battle fought between the Broad and Pacolet Rivers, which saw a defeat for Banastre Tarleton.
Answer: Battle of Cowpens
[10] After Cowpens, this British general burned his supplies in an attempt to catch Nathaniel Greene, the "Race for the Dan," an effort frustrated at the Battle of Cowan's Ford. This later Governor-General of India would later surrender at Yorktown.
Answer: Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
[10] Before he could get with the surrendering, Cornwallis had to lose at this battle, which came in the wake of Pyle's Massacre and was prompted by Richard Butler's approach of Deep River. Benjamin Williams and Light Horse Harry Lee became famous for the roles under Greene in this battle, which occurred near the namesake structure on Salisbury Road.
Answer: Battle of Guilford Court House
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Identify these works of Claude Debussy, for 10 points each.,
[10] The libretto of this opera is a more-or-less verbatim transcription of Maurice Maeterlinck's symbolist drama of the same name, famously un-Wagnerian despite leitmotifs & orchestral interludes.
Answer: Pelleas et Melisandre
[10] The author of the poem on which this orchestral work was based, Stephane Mallarme, remarked, "The music prolongs the poem's emotion and fixes the scene more vividly.
Answer: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or La Prelude a l'apres-midi d'une faune
[10] In 1903 while preparing this work, Debussy wrote to Messagere "You may not know this but I was destined for a sailor's life." Its subtitle is "Three Symphonic Sketches" and includes "Play of Waves" and concludes with "Dialogue of the Winds and the Waters."
Answer: La Mer
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Identify the following things about the life of Heracles that aren't part of his 12 labors, for 10 points each.,
[10] Before the labor days, Heracles was driven mad by Hera and ended up killing this wife, a daughter of King Creon.
Answer: Megara
[10] Later in life, Heracles was captured by this brutal king of Egypt who desired to sacrifice Herc in order to please the gods. At the last minute before the sacrifice, Hercules broke his chains and killed this king and his entire entourage.
Answer: Busiris
[10] Heracles eventually married this chick who earlier had punished him for murdering Iphitus by having him work as a slave in women's clothing while she got to wear the luxurious skin of the Nemean Lion.
Answer: Omphale
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An eponymous one was famously used to determine that light did not need luminiferous ether for propagation. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, name this type of device that usually operates by superposing and then reconstructing light in order to create an interference pattern that differs depending on the distance the said light traveled.
Answer: interferometer
[10] All or nothing. Name the two scientists who used an interferometer and huge block of marble in a vat of mercury to find that light needed no medium to travel.
Answer: Albert Michelson and Edward Morley
[10] This other important type of doubly-eponymous interferometer is a essentially a set of two parallel mirrors that, when arranged in thin arrays, forms a dichroic filter.
Answer: Fabry-Perot interferometer or etalon
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This author followed up his breakout collection with works like The Spinoza of Market Street, A Friend of Kafka, and A Crown of Feathers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Nobel Laureate who wrote about the wake of the Chmelnicki Massacre in Satan in Goray and Holocaust survivor Herman Broder in Enemies, A Love Story, a major figure of Yiddish Literature.
Answer: Isaac Bashevis Singer
[10] This short story collection was the first Singer published. It is titled for a much-maligned Jewish baker who is central to the collection's first story.
Answer: Gimpel the Fool
[10] An conversation transcript between Singer and this author, apparently a big fan of Yiddish, was published as Rencontre au Sommet. He is better-known for authoring The Long Day Wanes, Earthly Powers, and Nothing Like the Sun, and for creating the operetta Blooms of Dublin and the criminals George, Pete, and Dim.
Answer: Anthony Burgess
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This artist depicted a red skeleton emerging from ashy fog in Death on a Pale Horse and a towering pyre against some foggy ash in his The Eruption of Vesuvius. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painter of Dido Building Carthage and Glaucus and Scylla, whose fondness for poor visibility and boats can be seen in The Fighting Temeraire and The Slave Ship.
Answer: Joseph Mallord William Turner
[10] This J.M.W. Turner work, subtitled The Great Western Railway, depicts a locomotive emerging from - you guessed it - ashy fog on Maidenhead Bridge over the Thames. There's also allegedly some kind of rabbit there.
Answer: Rain, Steam, and Speed
[10] A lone black dog wails on an empty beach in this Turner painting, which shows only the slightest sign of the previous night's occurrences at bottom right.
Answer: Dawn After the Wreck
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Mahmud of Ghazni refused to pay this man for his major work, likely because Mahmud was not is hero. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Shia poet whose magnum opus includes figures like Keyumars, Rostam, Sohrab, and Ardashir, the first Sassanid ruler.
Answer: Ferdowsi or Hakim Abu I-Qasim Firdawsi Tusi
[10] This epic poem, moving from Fereydun in the mythical age through Rostam in the heroic age and finally to the foundations of the present historical age, is that masterpiece by Ferdowsi. It's also the national epic of Persia.
Answer: Shahnameh or Shahnama or the Book of Kings or the Epic of Kings
[10] This descendant of Nariman and Sam was left on Mount Damavand as an infant for being a badass albino, but a gigantic, carnivorous bird named Simurgh decided to take care of him. He later fathered Rostam with Rudaba.
Answer: Zal
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Identify the following concepts pertaining to mathematical logic, for 10 points each.,
[10] This other law of Aristotelian logic holds that no statement may be neither true nor false, although Aristotle argued that there was an exception to it for future events in his example of the sea-battle.
Answer: Law of the Excluded Middle or Principle of Bivalence
[10] In the modern age, many new logics have been invented which reject the Law of the Excluded Middle to justify partly true statements, including fuzzy logic and probabilistic logic. This term designates any such logic wherein truth and falsehood are not a binary dichotomy.
Answer: non-monotonic logics
[10] This system of non-monotonic logic, popularized by Australian math-celebrity Graham Priest, is distinct from the others insofar as it also dispenses with the Law of Noncontradiction to allow for certain kinds of contradictory statements such as the Liar Paradox. Its name is Greek for "double-truth."
Answer: dialeitheism
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Identify each of the following concerning a certain temperamental French painter, for 10 points each.,
[10] This friend of Baudelaire and leader of the French Romantic school in art is probably best-known for his "The Massacre at Chios."
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
[10] Also very famous is this 1827 Delacroix work in which the title figure, crowned and robed in white and gold, is supine on a scarlet featherbed in the upper left, preparing to set himself on fire, while all around him the invading soldiers sack his palace and rape his harem.
Answer: The Death of Sardanapalus or La Morte de Sardenapale
[10] Though he'd been rejected twice, in 1822 this work got Delacroix admitted to the Salon de Paris. In it the title figure cringes in the bow while Virgil takes him fearlessly by the hand; all around them the Wrathful Dead churn in the Sea of Dhis.
Answer: The Barque of Dante or Le Barque de Dante
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Identify the following from linguistics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Although Chomsky posed the question of transformational grammar in his 1955 "The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory," this 1957 book which made his reputation was also successful when simplified & published for a lay audience in 1968 as "Language and Mind."
Answer: Syntactic Structures
[10] This linguist's 1982 book "The Bioprogram Hypothesis" analyzed child-language-acquisition as calibration of default binary settings in the brain's language center.
Answer: Derek Bickerton
[10] This Canadian-American linguist is known for such works as "The Blank Slate," a criticism of the concepts of tabula rasa, the noble savage, & "the ghost in the Machine" as well as his 1994 popular linguistics exegesis, "The Language Instinct."
Answer: Steven Pinker
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about the events leading up to William the Conqueror's victory in the Conquest of 1066.,
[10] William fought an army led by this son of an Earl of Wessex at the Battle of Hastings.
Answer: Harold I or Harold Godwinson
[10] A couple of weeks before Hastings, Harold had to defeat a Norwegian army led by his brother Tostig and this Norwegian king at Stamford Bridge.
Answer: Harald Hardraada or Harald III of Norway.
[10] None of that wonderful conquesting could have been accomplished if Charles the Simple hadn't signed the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte and allowed a bunch of rowdy vikings under this man to establish a kingdom in Normandy, which then passed to his awesomely-named kid, William Longsword.
Answer: Rollo the Viking (or Robert of Normandy if you're lame)
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Identify the following related to chemical kinetics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This type of chemical kinetics describes a system of many enzymes and is most relevant to the case where the concentration of the enzyme is lower than that of the substrate. It is based off its namesake equation.
Answer: Michaelis-Menten-Henri kinetics
[10] Michaelis-Menten kinetics cannot be used for this type of enzymatic regulation in which an effector molecule binds to a site different from that of the active site.
Answer: allosteric regulation
[10] In reactions that exhibit Michaelis-Menten kinetics whose rate-limiting step results in a product, the Michaelis constant is approximately equal to this value often symbolized as Kd [kay sub dee].
Answer: dissociation constant
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Identify these Charles Dickens characters whose names are much more entertaining than actually reading about them, for 10 points each.,
[10] This character from David Copperfield is modeled off of the author's father, and is jailed in a debtor's prison. He ends up making money as a magistrate in Australia.
Answer: Wilkins Micawber
[10] The wife of Ernest, she plots against the Evremondes throughout A Tale of Two Cities, creepily knitting the names of those to be guillotined as a secret code. She gets capped by Miss Pross when she goes after Lucy Manette.
Answer: Madame Therese Defarge
[10] This bumbling detective can't prove Hortense's guilt in time to stop Lady Dedlock from checking out. He investigates the death of Tulkinghorn against the backdrop of the Jarndyce case in Bleak House.
Answer: Inspector (Mr.) Bucket
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these thrilling questions about agrarian reform in feudal China, for 10 points each.,
[10] The name of this system is derived from the shape of a Chinese character that depicts a division of eight private fields surrounding a central, public field. It was in use for most of the Zhou period before being banned by Shang Yang, although Wang Mang tried to bring it back.
Answer: Well-Field System
[10] The Equal Field system, which replaced the Well-Field system, itself fell into disuse after aristocratic holdings became more autonomous in the wake of this man's An Shi Revolt. This drunken jerk of a Sogdian overthrew Xuanzong and his adviser Yang Guozhong, but moped around the palace beating servants after being unable to save concubine Yang Guifei.
Answer: An Lushan or La of Yan or Aluoshan or Kang Lo or Xiongwu
[10] An Lushan's revolt helped prompt the eventual collapse of this dynasty into the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Considered a high point of Chinese culture, it saw the writing of poets Bai Juyi, Du Fu, and Li Bai and the rule of Taizong and Aidi from its sprawling capital, Chang'an.
Answer: Tang Dynasty

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