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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Editors 4
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In one part of it, polymerization increases as the temperature drops. The structures of elements the it describes include island, chain, double chain, and sheet structures. Other elements on it react to form an albitic phase as temperature decreases. At low temperatures, it predicts that elements that fail to react with excess liquid approach eutectic crystallization. It progresses from peridotite to graphite and is divided into a continuous series, consisting of feldspar, and a discontinuous series that transitions from olivine to quartz. For 10 points, the order of crystallization of silicate minerals from cooling magma can be depicted using what progression?
Answer: Bowen's reaction series
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The expression "twenty-three skidoo" was coined by police officers to disperse the men gathering around this building to watch the drafts it created lift up women's skirts. Using rusticated buff limestone on the base, its three-level construction was intended to make the entire building resemble a Greek column. This structure was built without any advance tenants as part of a developer's plan to create a rival business district to Wall Street in another part of Manhattan. Upon its 1902 completion, this building surpassed another Burnham and Root design, the Masonic Temple, as the world's tallest building. Though originally known as the Fuller Building, the shape it was forced to adapt in order to fit into the intersection of Fifth Avenue and Broadway garnered it an appliance-based moniker. For 10 points, name this wedge-like skyscraper.
Answer: the Flatiron Building [accept Fuller Building before it is read]
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It results from the quantum electrodynamic requirement of an absence of vacuum polarization near a hydrogen atom nucleus, and it receives contributions from both the electron mass renormalization and the anomalous magnetic moment. It is an exception to the quantum theory proposed by Dirac and Schrodinger, which holds that states with the same n and j quantum number should be degenerate. It is caused because, when the electromagnetic force is viewed as an exchange force, an electron can interact with itself, smearing itself out over a range of 0.1 fermi. This smear causes the electron spin g-factor to deviate from 2, weakening the electrostatic force between the electron and the nucleus. For 10 points, what is this effect that results in a 2s electron being slightly higher in energy than the 2p electron?
Answer: Lamb shift
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One storyline on this show involves the priest Brian's attempts to fend off the return of his long-absent mother, and an episode told in flashback form showed the effect of the main character's father Dutch on each member of the central family. This show began in 2007 as a man who died in a suspicious plane crash was revealed to have had a four-decade affair with Letitia, and that man's son takes on his job with a wealthy New York family. For 10 points, name this ABC show in which Donald Sutherland's character Tripp Darling is the source of the title lucre that flows to conflicted attorney Nick George, played by Peter Krause.
Answer: Dirty Sexy Money
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One member of this philosophical school identified gods as "henads" who facilitate the correspondence of mental states to levels of reality. In its later days, this school endorsed a form of magic called theurgy. This school explained certain metaphysical aspects as vertical and horizontal triads, and a member of this philosophical tradition explained its differences from Christianity in the treatise called Against the Christians. The originator of this school was a colleague of the Christian writer Origen and student of Ammonius, and its ideas are best laid out in a set of nine treatises, the Enneads, which were written by Porphyry, a disciple of its founder. For 10 points, name this school of thought which synthesized mystical cycles of returning to and receding from a monotheistic God with the ideas of the writer of Critias and Phaedo.
Answer: Neoplatonism
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One member of this group summarized his ideas in the book The Gist of Art and painted "Sunday, Women Drying Their Hair." Another member of this group painted The Spielers after quitting his job as the artist of the comic strip Hogan's Alley. In addition to John Sloan and George Luks, it included the painter of Both Members of This Club who showed a man in black shorts bloodying the face of a man in green shorts as a referee intervenes in the boxing scene Stag at Sharkey's. This group was eventually subsumed into an ideologically similar but more ambitious movement that included Eugene Higgins and Edward Hopper, the Ashcan School. For 10 points, name this artistic circle that included Arthur Davies and George Bellows, and was led by Robert Henri in its attempt to depict ordinary urban life.
Answer: The Eight [prompt on Ashcan School before it is read]
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Irving Horowitz's biography of this man is subtitled "an American utopian," and other figures associated with him include Hans Gerthe, who co-wrote his book Character and Social Structure. He analyzed labor politics in The New Men of Power and explained the ability to generalize problems beyond one's immediate range of experience as the title quality of his The Sociological Imagination. His major works include a series of interviews with Cubans about the United States, an analysis of middle-class professionals who wear a certain garment, and a treatise about the interlocking political, military, and business leaders who make decisions in the U.S. For 10 points, name this sociologist who wrote Listen, Yankee; White Collar; and The Power Elite.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
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Members of this group who cannot claim ancestry in the Yamani or Qaysi kin groups occupy peripheral jobs as performing artists or blacksmiths. A group that is related to these people raises cattle in the Sudan and is called the Baqqarah. A ranking of prestige within this group is based on which animal a particular subgroup cultivates, with the camelworking tribes taking precedence over the sheep- and goatherders. Led by a hierarchy of sheiks, for 10 points, name this Arab cultural group, consisting of Middle Eastern desert nomads.
Answer: Bedouins
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One episode described in this writing ends with the narrator finishing his errand of getting a shoe mended and joining a huckleberry party. After describing a visit to the Navy Yard, where the author saw a Marine who appeared to be a machine rather than a human, it asks why some wish to "crucify Christ and excommunicate Copernicus and Luther." This work predicts that "one honest man" could choose to end American slavery, noting that "any man more right than his neighbors constitutes a majority of one." It begins, "I heartily accept the motto, 'That government is best which governs least'" and describes the night that the author spent in jail for refusing to pay a poll tax in protest of the Mexican War. For 10 points, name this essay by Henry David Thoreau.
Answer: "Civil Disobedience" [or "Resistance to Civil Government"]
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In the seventeenth century, this present-day country was the site of civil war between the Ava and Taungoo dynasties. In the eleventh century, the south of what is now this country was controlled by the Pyu kingdom until King Alaungsithu conquered the whole territory for the Kingdom of Pagan. It was ruled by a council called the Hluttaw during its three namesake wars with Britain, and its anti-colonialist movements included the Saya San rebellion and the Thakin party. Ruled in the mid-twentieth century by the dictator Ne Win, it has lately been controlled by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. For 10 points, name this Southeast Asian country where Aung San Suu Kyi remains under house arrest.
Answer: Burma [or Myanmar]
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One author laments that no contemporary figures can perform this action as well as Mrs. Maybrick or Dr. Palmer of Rugby. Another essay on this topic justifies itself by analogy to a certain Mr. Howship's book on indigestion. The author warns that this action starts a chain of events which could end with incivility and procrastination. That essay was written by Thomas de Quincey and considers this activity "as one of the fine arts," while George Orwell wrote on "the decline of the English" one. In two titles by another author, it happens to Roger Ackroyd and on the Orient Express. For 10 points, name this deed, notably committed with an axe by Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment.
Answer: murder
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The strongly interacting type of this substance occurs when the Coulomb interaction energy exceeds thermal energy and results in the placement of particles in a Debye sphere. Alfven waves are characteristic of this substance in space and electrostatic Langmuir waves only propagate in this substance. The self-consistent motion of this substance produces electric and magnetic fields which results in high energy acceleration and generates sychrotron radiation. Auroras, the earth's magnetic field, and comet tails are generated by this substance in the form of solar wind. For 10 points, what is this conducting medium, composed of charged particles produced by the ionization of gas atoms?
Answer: plasma
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One of his longtime political rivalries began when he referred to an influential party figure as a "turkey gobbler." This man advocated the newly formed Republican Party when he bought the Kennebec Journal, and he was later given one of his nicknames by Robert Ingersoll. He pushed for the formation of the Pan-American Movement as Secretary of State to Garfield and Harrison, though the defection of the Mugwumps and a few hundred votes in New York kept him from becoming President himself following his supporter's remark about "rum, Romanism, and rebellion." For 10 points, name this man known variously as the "Plumed Knight" and the "continental liar from the state of Maine."
Answer: James Gillespie Blaine
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The "neo" form of this group was advocated by such nineteenth-century figures as Vincenzo Gioberti, who explained its revival in On the Moral and Civil Primacy of the Italians. Earlier, this group controlled the cities of Montepulciano, Orvieto, and Bologna and drew support from merchants. Its later form sympathized with Angevin control of south Italy, and this group, named after the dynasty which held the dukedom of Bavaria, was defined by its support for the Papacy against the Holy Roman Emperor. For 10 points, name this faction, which in Florence was further divided into the Black and White parties, the opponents of the Ghibbelines.
Answer: Guelphs
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The pianist Vladislas Perlemuter was such a big fan of this composer that Perlemuter performed all of his works in a two-day concert in 1929 and wrote the study named after this man "according to" himself in 1953. A scandal caused by this man's rejection by the Prix de Rome committee led to Romain Rolland pressuring Theodore Dubois to yield his seat on the jury to Gabriel Faure. Rudolf Escher wrote a chamber piece about this man's tomb, perhaps a nod to this composer's own patriotic piece The Tomb of Couperin. His small quantity of operatic work includes The Spanish Hour and The Child and the Enchantments; perhaps his best-known work is a ballet originally written for Ida Rubenstein, which consists of a steady crescendo. For 10 points, name this French composer of Pavane for a Dead Princess and the repetitive Bolero.
Answer: Maurice Ravel
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When this man died, his followers diverted a river, buried him in the exposed bed, and then returned the river to its original course, so that his grave could never be defiled. He won his appointment as magister militum from Flavius Arcadius after raiding several Greek towns, but he met stiffer opposition at Pollentia, where Stilicho briefly turned him away from Italy. He intervened against emperor Honorius in order to install the more favorable Attalus, but foot-dragging on approval of this man's planned expedition against Africa led to his displeasure with both candidates. For 10 points, name this chief of the Visigoths who took out his frustrations in 410, when he led a sack of Rome.
Answer: Alaric
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It can be applied to the theory of local breeding values to predict the effects of random drift on genetic architecture. Its presence in founder events, inbreeding, and bottlenecking can produce an increase in additive genetic variance. Analysis of this type using double mutants is employed to develop order-of-function maps for genes that regulate cellular pathways, and it can result in the nonpenetrance of mutant genes such as the gene for Marfan syndrome. Individuals who have a homozygous recessive mutation that blocks the addition of fucose to an H substance precursor fail to express A and B type blood groups and posses the Bombay phenotype, an example of this effect. For 10 points, the gene for albinism is an example of what type of gene, which masks the phenotypic effects of a hypostatic gene?
Answer: epistatic gene or epistasis
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Two characters in this book achieve fame as singers, and are respectively nicknamed Wee Willie Winkie and The Brass Monkey. William Methwold is secretly the father of one character in this book, and Mary Pereira, who later opens a pickling concern, is responsible for the deception that drives the plot. A child in this novel, Aadam, has enormous ears, which are attributed to his arrival in the world during a state of emergency proclaimed in 1975. The knees and nose of the two central figures have magic powers, though one such character exposes the secret, causing all of his cohorts to be sterilized. For 10 points, name this novel about the Indians born just as the country received its independence, a story of Shiva and Saleem Sinai by Salman Rushdie.
Answer: Midnight's Children
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This inventor of "reciprocal anthropology" published his letters on religion with Cardinal Martini as Belief or Nonbelief. In one of his novels, a book dealer is stricken with an amnesia for everything except what he has read. In addition to The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loanna, he wrote about Father Caspar's attempt to time-travel with Roberto della Griva in The Island of the Day Before. Casaubon's hoax of a Knights Templar conspiracy that centers on a Parisian scientific experiment drives the plot of another of his works, and he also wrote about a blind librarian who hides the second book of the Poetics by murdering monks in a story about Adso of Melk and William of Baskerville. For 10 points, name this author of Foucault's Pendulum and The Name of the Rose.
Answer: Umberto Eco
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One figure in this myth system was sent to the bottom of the sea to find a lost fish-hook. While on the question, he married the daughter of the god of the sea and got all the fish to help in his search. Other exciting undersea objects in this culture include the Tide Jewels, which can cause high and low tide, respectively, when thrown into the water. Some demons in this mythology have three eyes and scratch people with their fingernails, while others have the bodies of tortoises, ride flying cucumbers, and pull children into the water. In addition to the oni and the kappa, this mythology believes in an incident where a storm god annoyed his sister by throwing a flayed horse into her hall, leading to Uzume needing to lure the sun out of a cave. For 10 points, name this mythology, whose chief deities include the sun goddess Amaterasu.
Answer: Shintoism [feel free to accept answers along the lines of "Japanese mythology"]
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One ruler of this name was overthrown when his quarreling with Pope Sergius I and misappropriation of funds led his people to revolt against him. Upon regaining the throne he put the rebels Leontius and Tiberius Apsimarus to death and betrayed his ally King Tervel, to whom he had married his daughter Anastasia, leading to an unsuccessful war against the Bulgarians. Before his first overthrow, he lost the Battle of Sebastopolis to the Umayyads, after which this ruler ordered the butchering of all the Slavs in Bithynia. His return to power erased a centuries-old tradition which prevented the mutilated from ruling, and he was known as Rhinometus, or, "nose-cut." For 10 points, that was the second emperor of what name, who shares his name with a more famous ruler who sent Narses to spy on Belisarius and survived the Nika Riots while married to Theodora?
Answer: Justinian
 
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Editors 4
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The title figure of this book is contrasted with the "autonomous man," who lives in the present and has high self-esteem. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1951 work of aphoristic philosophy, which posited that self-doubting individuals subsume their identities in future-directed mass movements, and blames such self-loathing for the rise of Nazism and Communism.
Answer: The True Believer
[10] This amateur philosopher, who never attended a school and worked his entire life as a longshoreman, wrote The True Believer. His other works include Before the Sabbath and The Ordeal of Change.
Answer: Eric Hoffer
[10] In one section of the book, Hoffer explains how to participate in ideological movements non-destructively, giving as an example Gandhi, who was also studied in social science in a psychological biography by this man who put forth an eight-stage model of developmental conflicts.
Answer: Erik Homburger Erikson
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Located on the Svisloch River, this city is the headquarters of the Commonwealth of Independent States. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this home to the Marrinsky Cathedral, a city located a hundred miles southeast of Vilnius.
Answer: Minsk
[10] Minsk is the capital of this Alexander Lukashenko-ruled former Soviet republic.
Answer: Belarus
[10] This major river of southern Belarus flows through its namesake marshes until it becomes a tributary of the Dnieper. It shares its name with the northern Ukrainian city that was abandoned following the Chernobyl disaster.
Answer: Pripyat
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He fled to Kufah after his brother Ibrahim was arrested by Marwan II, the final caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this successor of as-Saffah, who betrayed his supporter Abu Muslim and built Baghdad as his new capital while ruling from 754 to 775.
Answer: Abu Ja'far Abd Allah Al-mansur Ibn Muhammad
[10] Al-mansur was the second caliph of this Iraq-based dynasty, which remained in nominal power until its last ruler was killed by the Mongols under Hulegu Khan in 1258.
Answer: Abbassids
[10] The Abbasid caliph from 786 to 809, this notoriously indulgent ruler intrigued with his vizier Yahya the Barmakid and split the empire in two in order to placate his sons. He is the subject of some of the tales in the Arabian Nights.
Answer: Harun ar-Rashid ibn Muhammad al-Mahdi ibn al-Mansur al-'Abbasi
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Also known as Sezessionstil, Stile Floreale, and Jugendstil, this movement's practitioners included the tapestrist Hermann Obrist and the architect Victor Horta. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this movement from the turn of the twentieth century which used curved lines as the dominant aesthetic and is notably seen in the glassware of Louis Comfort Tiffany.
Answer: art nouveau
[10] This British aesthete began in an art nouveau style when doing the illustrations for Salome, Le Morte Darthur, and The Yellow Book, but by the time he illuminated Lysistrata, he was simply drawing unmasked erotica.
Answer: Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
[10] Henri Guimard used an art nouveau style to design the ironwork signs and entranceways to this facility.
Answer: the Paris Metro [accept equivalents; prompt on partial answer]
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It is the most common large branch of Buddhism in China and Japan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "greater vehicle," which venerates bodhisattvas and is contrasted with the Theravada school of Southeast Asia.
Answer: Mahayana
[10] This most popular bodhisattva is this patron of compassion and mercy and is the earthly representative of the Buddha Amitabha or Amida.
Answer: Avalokitesvara [or Kuan yin; or Kannon]
[10] This sect of Mahayana Buddhism believes that repeating the name of Amitabha, in the practice of nembutsu, will earn rebirth in the namesake western paradise, Sukhavati.
Answer: Pure Land Buddhism [or Qingtu; or Jodo]
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The timespan in its title begins with the 1772 partition of Poland, which brought a large number of Jews into Russia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 2003 history, which ungracefully examines the interaction of Jews and Christian Russians, with a focus on Jewish involvement in Bolshevik atrocities.
Answer: Two Hundred Years Together
[10] Two Hundred Years Together was the last and perhaps most troublesome publication by this late writer of One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich and The Gulag Archipelago.
Answer: Alexander Solzhenitsyn
[10] In this Solzhenitsyn novel, such figures as Pavel Rusanov and Oleg Kostoglotov seek treatment in the title place.
Answer: Cancer Ward [or Rakovy korpus]
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Answers some unrelated physics questions, for 10 points each.,
[10] The original experiment verifying this effect showed that a solenoid could shift the interference pattern of a source of uniform energy electrons even though the magnetic field is confined within the solenoid.
Answer: Aharonov-Bohm effect
[10] This assumption of quantum physics states that the electronic wavefunction is independent of nuclear velocities due to nuclear motion being significantly slower than electronic motion.
Answer: Born-Oppenheimer approximation
[10] Arnold Sommerfeld introduced three refinements to this Danish physicist's model of the hydrogen atom.
Answer: Niels Bohr
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The in vitro form of this process occurs externally and utilizes progesterone injections to prepare the uterine linning for implantation of the blastocyst. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this biological process that involves the fusion of a spermatozoal nucleus and an egg nucleus to generate a primary embryo nucleus?
Answer: fertilization
[10] This calcium mediated process can be induced by ionomycin and involves the exocytosis of enzymes such as hyaluronidase from a modified lysosome located on the anterior half of the sperm head.
Answer: acrosome reaction
[10] The acrosome reaction allows the sperm cell to penetrate this egg extracellular matrix produced by the oocyte and surrounding follicle cells, which contains the binding proteins ZP3.
Answer: zona pellucida or zona striata
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She was locked in a bronze room by her father, who feared that if she had a male child, that son could prove fatal to him. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mother of Perseus, who was put into a chest that washed ashore at Seriphus after she got pregnant anyway.
Answer: Danae
[10] Danae was impregnated by Zeus in this unusual form, which entered the room through gaps in the ceiling.
Answer: a shower of gold [or obvious equivalents]
[10] During the funeral games at Larissa, Perseus accidentally killed this grandfather of his with a discuss, proving that his fears of Danae's child were well-founded.
Answer: Acrisius
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Name these discrimination cases in Supreme Court history, for 10 points each.,
[10] Frank Murphy made a vociferous dissent to this 1944 ruling, in which the majority upheld FDR's racially based Civilian Exclusion Order Number 34.
Answer: Korematsu v U.S. [either order]
[10] This unanimous 1954 ruling overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and ruled that segregation of public schools is unconstitutional.
Answer: Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas [either order]
[10] The creation of a black-only law school at Texas State to remedy the exclusion of a black applicant from the University of Texas was deemed insufficient in this 1950 ruling.
Answer: Sweatt v Painter [either name, either order]
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Harold MacMillan was in power in Britain from 1957 to 1963. For 10 points each:,
[10] MacMillan's most important legacy was this 1960 speech to the South African Parliament, which proclaimed Britain's intent to divest itself of African colonies.
Answer: "Winds of Change" [or "Wind of Change"]
[10] This 1962 pact with Kennedy allowed Britain to purchase American-made Polaris missiles. Its entanglement of the U.S. in the defense of Europe led Charles de Gaulle to withdraw France from NATO.
Answer: Nassau Agreement
[10] Macmillan's government was brought down by this sex scandal, in which the namesake Secretary of State for War had a relationship with Christine Keeler at the same time that she was seeing Soviet agent Eugene Ivanov.
Answer: Profumo affair
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The protagonist of this book has relationships with both Anna Sergeyevna and Anna's daughter. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1994 novel, a fictionalized account of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's investigation into the death of his stepson in the title city.
Answer: The Master of Petersburg
[10] This South African author of Age of Iron, Waiting for the Barbarians, and Life and Times of Michael K wrote The Master of Petersburg.
Answer: John Michael Coetzee
[10] The poetry instructor David must now teach "communication skills" and considers being castrated before becoming embroiled in a sexual harassment case with Melanie in this Coetzee novel.
Answer: Disgrace
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Name these popular video games of 2007, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Xbox 360 "action RPG" follows Commander Shepherd of Spectre as he uses the namesake technology to defend humans, salarians, and turians in Citadel Space.
Answer: Mass Effect
[10] In this game, Jack crashes into the ocean in alternate 1960 and must make his way through the city of Rapture in order to either hoard ADAM for himself or save the Little Sisters.
Answer: Bioshock
[10] Packaged with Portal and the various Half-Life 2 titles in the Orange Box, this sequel uses such classes as the Demoman, Heavy, and Pyro.
Answer: Team Fortress 2
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This composer of a noted Passacaglia was accidentally shot and killed by an American soldier in 1945. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Austrian twelve-tone composer of Six Pieces for Orchestra and Three Avenarius Songs.
Answer: Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern
[10] Webern was a student of this inventor of atonality, whose works include Transfigured Night, Pierrot Lunaire, and the Gurrelieder.
Answer: Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg
[10] Webern's more traditional work includes an arrangement of portions of this Bach piece, a collection of canons and fugues which vary a theme written by King Frederick II.
Answer: The Musical Offering
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Compiled into its final form by Yukinaga and Kakuichi, this text describes the fall of Tairi Kiyomori and the Battle of Dannoura. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this so-called "Japanese Iliad" which begins and ends by describing a bell ringing at a monastery.
Answer: The Heike Tale [or The Tale of the Heike; or Heike monogatari]
[10] This four-or-five-stringed Japanese lute, which is strummed with a bachi, is played to accompany recitations of the Heike Tale.
Answer: biwa
[10] This other medieval Japanese text is for some reason called the first novel a lot, even though the Satyricon has it beat by about a thousand years. Anyway, it was written by Murasaki Shikibu and is about a slutty prince.
Answer: The Tale of Genji [or Genji monogatari]
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Name these reduction reactions, for 10 points each:,
[10] A 1,4-cyclohexadiene can be generated from benzene in the presence of sodium metal, ammonia, and an alcohol in this reduction reaction.
Answer: Birch reduction
[10] This doubly eponymous reaction occurs through a hydrazone intermediate and reduces aldehydes and ketones to alkanes using hydrazine.
Answer: Wolff-Kishner reduction
[10] Like the Wolff-Kishner reduction, this reduction converts ketones and aldehydes to alkanes, but instead uses a zinc mercury catalyst in presence of hydrochloric acid and heat.
Answer: Clemmensen reduction
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Rose Driffield elopes with George Kemp in this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1930 novel, which follows Ashenden's attempt to help Alroy Kear write a biography.
Answer: Cakes And Ale
[10] This author of The Razor's Edge and The Moon and Sixpence wrote Cakes and Ale.
Answer: William Somerset Maugham
[10] In this Maugham novel, Cronshaw outlines the doctrine of "the figure in the carpet" to the club-footed Philip Carey, who pines for Sally Athelney and Mildred Rogers.
Answer: Of Human Bondage
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He memorialized the loss of his brothers to tuberculosis in Sleep and his Half-Brother Death, and his later paintings include Diogenes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painter who was inspired by a Tennyson poem to create his companion pieces I Am Half-Sick of Shadows and The Lady of Shalott.
Answer: John William Waterhouse
[10] This contemporary of Waterhouse painted The Blind Girl and was denounced by philistine asshole Charles Dickens for his Christ in the House of His Parents. He drew on Shakespeare to paint Ophelia.
Answer: John Everett Millais
[10] Along with such figures as Thomas Woolner and William Holman Hunt, Millas was a part of this simplifying movement centered on Dante Gabriel and Christina Rossetti. Waterhouse was peripherally associated with it.
Answer: the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
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Passed in the namesake month of 1873, they included the secularization of education, the revocation of political privileges for clergy, and the requirement that all marriages be performed by civil authorities. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of laws designed to restrict Catholic influence on Germany.
Answer: the May Laws
[10] The May Laws were the most explicit manifestation of this Bismarck-initiated program against Catholic political involvement.
Answer: the Kulturkampf
[10] This minister of ecclesiastical affairs under Bismarck promulgated the May Laws.
Answer: Adalbert Falk
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A clockwise-setting example in the North Atlantic Ocean is the Canaries while a surface one flowing along the Kamchatka peninsula is known as the Oya. For 10 points each:,
[10] What are these horizontal and vertical circulation systems produced by gravity, wind friction, and variations in water density in the ocean?
Answer: ocean currents
[10] This cold water current of the Pacific ocean receives a contribution from the West Wind Drift current and from upwellings of deep water produced by the Southeast Trade Winds.
Answer: Humboldt current [or Peru current]
[10] Wind-driven currents occur in this upper layer of the ocean. Below this layer, deep currents that are generated from the convection pattern of surface currents occur.
Answer: Ekman layer
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Name these Russian treaties, for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1878 settlement of the Russo-Turkish War created several new Slavic states with autonomy from the Ottoman Empire, but it was modified at the Congress of Berlin after Bismarck found it upsetting to the balance of power.
Answer: Treaty of San Stefano
[10] Russia lost control of Bessarabia and demilitarized the Danube and Black Sea under the terms of this 1856 treaty that concluded the Crimean War.
Answer: Treaty of Paris
[10] Voided eight years later by the London Straits Convention, this 1833 treaty gave sultan Mahmud II Russian aid against Muhammad Ali in exchange for exclusive military access to the Dardanelles.
Answer: Treaty of Hunkar Iskelesi [or Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel includes the neighbor Adele Courtland, who teaches in Mount Salus, and a black maid named Missouri. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1972 novel in which Laura McKelva Hand, the title character, returns home for her father's funeral.
Answer: The Optimist's Daughter
[10] This author of The Ponder Heart, Delta Wedding, and "Why I Live at the P.O." wrote The Optimist's Daughter.
Answer: Eudora Welty
[10] Rosamond breaks her promise to marry Goat and instead purses Jamie Lockhart in this novel by Eudora Welty, which begins with Clement Musgrove's marriage to Salome.
Answer: The Robber Bridegroom
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work was written contemporaneously with the novel The Last Puritan and immediately after Skepticism and Animal Faith. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this four-volume metaphysical treatise, which distinguishes essence from matter and puts forth a form of naturalism based on the primacy of material reality over all others.
Answer: Realms Of Being
[10] This author of The Sense of Beauty wrote Realms of Being. A Spanish-American philosopher, he observed that those who do not learn from history are condemned to repeat it.
Answer: George Santayana [or Jorge Augustin Nicolas Ruiz De Santayana]
[10] This "biography of the human intellect" written by Santayana builds on Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind and explains that abstract art is not conducive to developing the mind.
Answer: The Life Of Reason

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