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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Editors 3
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This god was attacked by one of the avatars of Vishnu, Rama-with-an-axe. He won his wives in a contest to circumnavigate the earth with his brother; he won by travelling mentally through study while Kartikkeya trudged on foot. Those wives, who represent prudence and wisdom, are Siddhi and Buddhi. This god's mother asked Sani to look at him as a newborn, even though Sani was cursed to destroy anything he gazed upon; that, combined with his task of guarding the cave where his mother Parvati was bathing, led to his present appearance. For 10 points, name this remover of obstacles who has a one-tusked elephant's head.
Answer: Ganesha
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One leading political group in this country signaled its changing affinity for Communism by adding and then dropping the phrase "party of labor" from its name. Militant groups in this country were founded by Holden Roberto and Agostinho Neto in the 1950s, though the National Front for Liberation became less relevant by the 1990s, ceding the leftist position in national politics to the MPLA. Its civil war was briefly ended by a pact signed in another country, the Lusaka Accord, but clashes resumed and in 2002, government troops killed Jonas Savimbi, the leader of UNITA. A proxy war between Cuba and South Africa had previously raged in, for 10 points, what former Portuguese colony on Africa's south Atlantic coast?
Answer: Angola
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One ruler of this dynasty sent the general Petronas to fight Arabs and saw his forces defeated in a naval battle near Chios. The founder of this dynasty settled the dispute between Ignatius and Photius for the patriarchy after deposing Michael III. Chief military figures from this period include Nicephorus Phocas and an Armenian usurper, John Tzimisces, though its most notable battlefield accomplishment may have come against the army of Tsar Samuel. In that incident, a ruler from this dynasty blinded ninety-nine out of every hundred opponents, earning the epithet "Bulgar-Slayer." For 10 points, name this house of Byzantine emperors which included Basil I and Basil II, and was named for their former power base in a northern Greek territory once home to Alexander the Great.
Answer: Macedonian dynasty
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The stability of the continuous parameter type can be determined by Foster-Lyapunov criteria, and the application of Dynkin's formula can demonstrate that they are Harris recurrent. If it is possible to go from each state to every other state, then they are ergodic, and the rate at which they converge to a stationary distribution is the mixing rate. Ehrenfest, Bernoulli and Laplace used them to develop discrete models for the exchange of gas molecules between two containers. The Gibbs sampler is an example of the Monte Carlo type of this process, that simulates direct draws from a complex distribution of interest. For 10 points, what is this stochastic process, named for a Russian mathematician, in which the future value of a variable is independent of its past history?
Answer: Markov chain or Markov process [prompt on stochastic]
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A Warren Ellis series about a "plasborg" who can generate weapons from his body tissues is named for a man of this appellation and the last name "Churchyard." The third novel in the Destination: Void series, which was itself followed by The Ascension Factor, is named for this "effect." Ra's al Ghul regenerates his body using this kind of "pit" in the Batman universe. A man once known as Woodrow Wilson Smith learns he is immortal in Time Enough for Love, and also appears in Methuselah's Children, another Robert Heinlein novel about a figure of this name and the last name "Long." For 10 points, what is this common fantasy name, derived from the figure in the Gospel of John whom Jesus raised from the dead?
Answer: Lazarus
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She identified herself, apart from the collective pseudonym that she was assigned, as "Orphan Ann," while working for the program Zero Hour. Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee tracked her down, and Walter Winchell led a public outcry for her arrest and trial. She claimed she was actually working with Australian prisoners of war, who were inserting subversive messages into the English-language material that they were forced to write for her and her twelve colleagues. As a result, she was pardoned by Gerald Ford in 1977. For 10 points, name this American citizen who read demoralizing propaganda on behalf of Japan during World War II.
Answer: Tokyo Rose [or Iva Toguri D'Aquino]
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This nonagenarian author has not written fiction in the last fifteen years, instead focusing on histories of American Jews such as This is My God and The Will to Live On. Slattery's Hurricane was his followup to a book about a Jewish girl who meets with family disapproval on trying to become an actress, Marjorie Morningstar. A man who is finally granted his ambition of commanding a ship, only to see the ship immediately sunk at Pearl Harbor, Pug Henry, is the protagonist of two of his works. In another of h is novels, Thomas Keefer and Stephen Maryk's doomed attempt to save their ship from the incompetent, paranoid Commander Queeg leads to a court-martial. For 10 points, name this author of The Winds of War, War and Remembrance, and The Caine Mutiny.
Answer: Herman Wouk
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The fifth one uniquely uses a double fugue at the conclusion, and the last one, in D minor, only had three movements written when the composer died in 1894. Often containing thirty-minute adagios and "blaze up" codas, one example of these works includes the "hunting scherzo." Otto Dessoff's disapproval of the lack of a main theme in one of these led its composer to withdraw it from performance, which is why it is now numbered as the "zeroth" one. For 10 points, name this works, also including number four or the Romantic and written by an Austrian of the Wagner school.
Answer: symphonies by Anton Bruckner
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A subplot in this novel follows a man's quest to protect a cherry tree that he believes is holy from scientific experiments. Vernon Whitford becomes the guardian of the orphaned relation Crossjay in this novel, while Horace de Craye intrigues against the wedding of the protagonist. Harry Oxford succeeds in getting Constantia Durham to elope rather than marry the man who uses claret to make a doctor do what he wants. For 10 points, name this novel which follows Clara Middleton and Letitia Dale's romances with Willougby Patterne, a novel by George Meredith about a self-centered man.
Answer: The Egoist
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Polyacrylate elastomers can be produced by copolymerizing acrylic esters with monomers containing these compounds, and a cyanogen compound of this type is used to hydrolyze peptide bonds of methionine at the C terminus. Although these groups deactivate the benzene ring, they are ortho, para directing and they are replaced in nucleophilic substitution reactions of benzene. Compounds with this functional group can be used to form Grignard reagents, and alkyl compounds with this functional group undergo SN2 reactions with alkoxides in the Williamson ether synthesis. For 10 points, what is this functional group that is composed of an group 17 element, such as fluorine or chlorine?
Answer: halide [prompt on halogen]
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It is separated from its western neighbors by the Aras and Arpacay rivers. The cities of Goris and Mogrhi are found in this country's southernmost area, Syunik. The provinces of Tavush and Gegharkunik in this country border its major body of water, Lake Sevan. Its military administers a neighboring country's province of Nagorno-Karabakh, and in turn this country separates the exclave of Naxcivan from Azerbaijan. For 10 points, name this homeland to a group that was once the object of genocide by Turkey, a former Soviet republic whose capital is Yerevan.
Answer: Armenia
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One of these is a musical, which includes such songs as "Learn to Be Lonely" and involves a lawyer and a composer competing for a fish cannery employee, was composed by Larry Grossman. A work on this theme in epistolary form sees the main character become a nurse to the indigent and reconcile with a man who has newly learned altruism; written by Ednah Cheney, that one was in epistolary form and is titled for a certain "return." Another work of this type sees the protagonist become an expensive dominatrix and an anarchist philosopher before reuniting with a budding Nazi sympathizer; that one was written by Elfride Jelinek. George Bernard Shaw published a refutation of a work on this topic by Walter Besant; that one ends with the suicide of a now-grown Emmy, who breaks her engagement to the son of Nils Krogstad. For 10 points, what are these works, which attempt to answer questions such as the title of Jelinek's "What Happened After Nora Left Her Husband"?
Answer: sequels to A Doll's House [or continuations of A Doll's House or responses to A Doll's House or anything reasonably similar; accept either A Doll House or A Doll's House or Et Dukkejhem for the title of the play]
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It is produced by a cytochrome P450 isoenzyme with 18-hydroxylase activity. The prostaglandins PGE2 and PGI2 of the macula densa stimulate the secretion of a peptide hormone which regulates the release of this compound. The nonselective receptor antagonist to this compound, spironolactone, can control plasma levels, unlike ACE inhibitors. Its over-expression is known as Conn's syndrome and can very rarely cause hypernatremia. It is secreted by the endocrine secretory epithelium of the zona glomerulosa region of the adrenal cortex and is regulated by conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I by renin. For 10 points, what is this cholesterol. derived from the steroid corticosterone, the primary regulator of water and salt balance in the body?
Answer: aldosterone
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In one of this writer's novels, Jasper and Bert decide to leave in order to pursue a gay relationship with each other, abandoning their mother figure Alice Mellings after a car bomb causes scrutiny of the Communist Centre Union. The main character marries Douglas Knowell and Anton Hess over the course of such books as Landlocked and A Ripple from the Storm in a series by this author. In addition to The Good Terrorist and the story of Martha Quest, the Children of Violence cycle, this writer created a science fiction series involving emissaries from Canopus and described Molly Jacobs and Anna Freeman Wulf's attempts to protect black rights in Rhodesia. For 10 points, name this writer of The Golden Notebook, the reigning Nobel laureate in literature.
Answer: Doris Lessing
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This book claims that God cannot actually cause events since he is above time and space, and thus an omniscient God does not imply predestination. Thirty-nine poems appear intermittently in the five books of this work, which claims that happiness and the good are the same. It explains the difference between fate and providence and refers to the title personification as "a physician." It was written from a prison in Pavia, where the author had been placed by Theodoric. Representing the transition between late Roman and medieval Scholastic thought, for 10 points, name this 523 work by Boethius.
Answer: The/A Consolation Of Philosophy [or Consolatio Philosophiae]
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An important document of this artist's creative process is his red chalk and silverpoint sketch before a portrait of Jacob Meyer and his wife. His Passion Scenes are found in the Basel Town Hall, and this creator of the Solothum Altarpiece also did a woodcut series about the Dance of Death. Texts he illustrated include the German Bible translation made by Martin Luther and In Praise of Folly, and this painter of Madonna of Burgomaster Meyer also painted portraits of such figures as Thomas More and Henry VIII. In another of his works, a bird, a frustrum, a lute, two globes, and an elongated skull adorn the room where the titular diplomats stand. For 10 points, name this painter of The French Ambassadors.
Answer: Hans Holbein the Younger
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When the constant surface mass density is above some critical value in this phenomenon, the source can be imaged as a circularly symmetric ring with an angular radius known as the Einstein radius. Refsdal showed how this phenomenon, applied to a variable source, could be used to calculate the Hubble Constant and giant blue luminous arcs and smaller arclets are the result of distortions generated by it. The micro regime results in a single brighter image, while the weak regime results in shear and convergence of the image. For 10 points, what is this phenomenon, the strong type of which creates multiple images when the light from a source such as a quasar is deflected due to the curvature of spacetime by a massive object such as a galaxy cluster?
Answer: gravitational lensing
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He influenced all of Europe through his student Archbishop Egbert, who in turn taught Alcuin and thus brought this man's ideas to the Carolingian Renaissance. Those ideas included the AD system of dating, which this man invented in his work On the Reckoning of Time. Working for thirty years at St. Paul's Monastery at Jarrow, his hagiographies include On the Lives of Abbots and a credulous account of the miracles of St. Cuthbert. Another of his works starts with the raids of Julius Caesar and continues for six centuries until the landing of Augustine of Canterbury. For 10 points, name this author of the Ecclesiastical History of the English People, whose Biblical commentaries earned him the epithet "Venerable."
Answer: the Venerable Bede
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Taban lo Liyong wrote about the "uneven ribs" of this man, who edited the radical newspaper El Moudjahid in the 1950s. In one of his works, this man advocated violent revolution as a "collective catharsis" of psychological indignities. His For the African Revolution was published posthumously, and this former head of psychology at an Algerian hospital also wrote such chapters as "The Fact of Blackness" and "The Negro and Language" in his study of the dual identity of colonized Africans, Black Skin, White Masks. For 10 points, name this anti-French political writer, who justified violence in the expulsion of colonialist powers in a work named for a line from the Internationale, The Wretched of the Earth.
Answer: Franz Fanon
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This man joined Herbert Read, Paul Nash, Ben Nicholson, and another longtime colleague in the artistic circle Unit One. His first public commission was the North Wind project undertaken by the London Transport Board, while the Northampton Church of St. Matthew hosts his Madonna and Child. The Warrior With Shield series was one of the few male subjects he created after experiencing an epiphany at the Trocadero Museum, where he viewed a Chac Mool and decided to create a female equivalent. His career path often intersected with that of Barbara Hepworth, the other major figure, besides this man, in twentieth-century English sculpture. For 10 points, name this creator of many Reclining Figures.
Answer: Henry Moore
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Answer: 21. One short story by this author centers on Elena, a boardhouse worker who attempts to seduce her mother's boyfriend Bernal. In addition to "Wicked Girl," she wrote about a journalistic investigation of the alleged paranormal abilities of Evangelina Ranquileo in the novel Of Love and Shadows. Many of this author's recent works feature the child adventurer Alexander Cold, while an earlier work details Eliza Sommers' following of her boyfriend to gold rush-era California. For ten points, identify this author of Daughter of Fortune best known for a novel about Clara and Esteban Trueba, The House of the Spirits. Isabel Allende
 
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Editors 3
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Its most prominent user claimed to find it in Piers Plowman and nursery rhymes, but is usually credited with inventing it for such works as "The Windhover" and "Pied Beauty." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this unusual approach to poetic meter, which binds the writer only by the number of stressed syllables in a line.
Answer: "sprung rhythm"
[10] This author of "The Wreck of the Deutschland" was the chief exponent of sprung rhythm.
Answer: Gerard Manley Hopkins
[10] This Hopkins poem about a "farrier" asks "O he is dead then?" and concludes by discussing "the great grey drayhorse" for which a "bright and battering sandal" is "fettled."
Answer: "Felix Randal"
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It receives the Ganges and Kaveri rivers, and its eastern boundary is the Nicobar and Andaman islands, beyond which the Andaman Sea lies. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this body of water which forms the eastern coast of India.
Answer: Bay of Bengal
[10] Another river which ultimately flows into the Bay of Bengal is this river, the longest river to flow for any part of its course through India. It forms the Padma near Goalundo Ghat in Bangladesh at its confluence with the Ganges.
Answer: Brahmaputra [or Jamuna]
[10] This major Bangladeshi port on the Bay of Bengal is found at the mouth of the Karnaphuli River.
Answer: Chittagong
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It was written by Ludvik Vaculik and signed by diverse members of society when it appeared on June 27, 1968 in the Literary Gazette. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this manifesto, named for its length, which said that "the socialist program...fell into the hands of the wrong people" and encapsulated the complaints of Czech reformers.
Answer: "The Two Thousand Words" [or "Dva tisice slov"]
[10] "Two Thousand Words" was a product of this movement, led by Alexander Dubcek, which sought "socialism with a human face" in Czechoslovakia and was crushed by a Russian invasion.
Answer: Prague Spring
[10] Following the deposition of Dubcek, this sometime Soviet ally was installed as first secretary and ruled Czechoslovakia from 1969 until the fall of Communism twenty years later.
Answer: Gustav Husak
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He wrote about a film score composer who is sent to South America by a museum curator in The Lost Steps. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Cuban-born author, who contrasted the noble slave Ti Noel with the dullwitted planter Lenormand de Mezy in The Kingdom of This World.
Answer: Alejo Carpentier
[10] This other Spanish-language writer, a Peruvian, wrote Who Killed Palomino Molero? and The Green House as well as a book about insane soap opera writer Pedro Camacho, Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] Alejo Carpentier wrote a novel about an "explosion" in one of these structures, while Vargas Llosa wrote of a "conversation" in one.
Answer: a cathedral
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This chronicle describes a meeting with Vic Lovell that leads to another figure enrolling in a drug experiment at Menlo Park Veterans Hospital. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1968 work of New Journalism, in which Neal Cassady and Ken Kesey's time with the Merry Pranksters is described.
Answer: The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
[10] This man wrote The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. His later nonfiction includes The Right Stuff, while among his novels are I Am Charlotte Simmons and The Bonfire of the Vanities.
Answer: Tom Wolfe [do not accept Thomas Wolfe]
[10] The companion piece to the illustrations in The Metropolitan Sketchbook, this collection of Wolfe essays is named for a piece about a car and includes sections on Dick Dale, Phil Spector, Muhammad Ali, and the architecture of Las Vegas.
Answer: The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby
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Following the failure of a series in which he teamed up with Cole Hauser to play cops in post-Katrina New Orleans, K-Ville, this actor joined Law & Order as new detective Kevin Bernard. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this actor who played Brown in The Departed, Mahalik in Scary Movie 3 and 4, and Key in Hustle & Flow, but whose best performance was as the creepy Burger Shack cashier in Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle.
Answer: Anthony Anderson
[10] Anthony Anderson's prior recurring TV roles include a turn as Cofeld on this FOX show, in which Brad Garrett and Joely Fisher are the Stark family, whose painfully unfunny marriage is formulaically joked about.
Answer: Til Death
[10] Anderson appeared in this 2000 sequel, starring Jennifer Morrison as an Alpine University student whose film crew dies in folklorish ways.
Answer: Urban Legends: Final Cut
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It's time to kill a cow in the kosher way. For 10 points each:,
[10] The prescribed method of killing an animal for use as kosher meat requires cutting across the neck in order to instantly sever the carotid arteries and this blood vessel.
Answer: jugular vein
[10] After killing, these organs must be examined for "glatt" or smoothness. Any lesions on them render the meat unkosher.
Answer: lungs
[10] This Hebrew word indicates a qualified kosher slaughterer.
Answer: shochet
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They are a group of 16 coupled hyperbolic-elliptic nonlinear partial differential equations; however, symmetry reduces them to 10. For 10 points each:,
[10] In general relativity, what set of equations governs the gravitation effects generated by masses?
Answer: Einstein field equations
[10] This exact unique solution to the Einstein field equations for the general static isotropic metric can be used as the exterior solution for a black hole with zero charge and angular momentum.
Answer: Schwarschild metric
[10] Permutation of the covariant derivative of the Riemann tensor produces this set of four differential identities to the Einstein field equations.
Answer: Bianchi identities
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It was instigated by Saigo Takamori, and among the reasons that it failed was because it sent samurais wielding swords against government troops armed with guns. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1877 attempt to overthrow the government of Japan.
Answer: the Satsuma rebellion
[10] The Satsuma rebellion was a reaction to this modernization drive, which included the creation of a diet, a constitution, and a western-style military as power was removed from the shoguns.
Answer: the Meiji restoration
[10] The cost of opposing the Satsuma rebellion led Japan to cease using this economic system. In the United States, it was ended for good in 1971 when Richard Nixon withdrew from the Bretton Woods System.
Answer: the gold standard [accept obvious equivalents]
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This man's namesake thesis about Protestant theology influencing the Scientific Revolution was first laid out in his Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth Century England. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Social Theory and Social Structure, who coined such terms as "role model" and "self-fulfilling prophecy" and has a similarly-named economist son.
Answer: Robert King Merton [or Meyer Robert Schkolnick]
[10] Merton applied this concept developed by Emile Durkheim to criminology. It is the absence of a meaningful connection between goals and means, which leads individuals to feel that they are bound by no values.
Answer: anomie
[10] Robert King Merton's son, Robert Cox Merton, performed revisions on the stock option pricing model first developed by, and named for, Fischer Black and this man, who also joined with Merton to lose four billion dollars at Long Term Capital Management.
Answer: Myron Samuel Scholes
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Along with his wife Harmonia, he ended his life in Illyria by being transformed into a serpent. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mythical Greek, who founded the city of Thebes by sowing some teeth in the ground that grew into warriors.
Answer: Cadmus
[10] Cadmus had arrived at the site of Thebes by following one of these animals from the oracle of Delphi.
Answer: a cow
[10] Cadmus, along with his brothers Cilix and Pheonix, was dispatched from Tyros by this son of Poseidon, Cadmus's father, in order to find the abducted Europa.
Answer: Agenor
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Her own works include the lauded cantata La Sirene, but she stopped composing after the death of her sister Lili. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this musician who achieved greater influence as an organist and a teacher, instructing such figures as Darius Milhaud, Roy Harris, and Aaron Copland as an American expatriate in France.
Answer: Nadia Boulanger
[10] This Boulanger student wrote the Lincoln Center Festival Overture, eight symphonies, and the ballet The Incredible Flutist.
Answer: Walter Piston
[10] Another pupil of Boulanger, this man scored such films as The Plow that Broke the Plains and composed the operas Lord Byron, The Mother of Us All, and Four Saints in Three Acts.
Answer: Virgil Thomson
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It struck on April 26, 1478 at the Florence Cathedral, where two men were stabbed during mass. The Archbishop of Pisa was killed in retaliation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this attempted coup against the government of Florence by the namesake family, which sparked a two-year war between Florence and the Papacy.
Answer: Pazzi conspiracy
[10] The Pazzi conspiracy killed Giuliano of this family and wounded Lorenzo in an attempt to dislodge them from power in Florence.
Answer: de Medici
[10] This Franciscan Pope, the namesake of a certain chapel, orchestrated the Pazzi conspiracy and later incited a war between Venice and Ferrara.
Answer: Sixtus IV [or Francesco Della Rovere; prompt on partial answer]
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He became maestro di cappella at St. Mark's in Venice in 1613. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of Return of Ulysses to His Country and the oldest extant opera, Orfeo.
Answer: Claudio Monteverdi
[10] This Monteverdi opera depicts the marriage of a Roman gold-digger to Emperor Nero.
Answer: The Coronation Of Poppea
[10] Monteverdi wrote several key works in this form, such as "Behold the Murmuring Sea." It consists of a two-stanza vocal setting of a poem in AAB form.
Answer: madrigals
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Answer some questions about buffer systems in the human body, for 10 points each.,
[10] This important open buffer system in blood plasma utilizes the enzyme carbonic anhydrase to rapidly catalyze the hydration of carbon dioxide and maintain the buffer system at physiological pH.
Answer: bicarbonate buffer system
[10] Intracellular fluid is primarily buffered by the histidine buffer system and this other buffer system, which uses an anion that is present in both an inorganic form and as a functional group on organic molecules.
Answer: phosphate buffer system
[10] The two most common buffers employed for gel electrophoresis experiments, TAE and TBE, employ a combination of EDTA and this tertiary amine with three hydroxyl groups.
Answer: tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane or Tham-E or Talatrol
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It overcame some of the shortcomings of Lewis theory and valance bond theory through the analysis of atomic orbital overlap. For 10 points each:,
[10] Atomic orbitals that overlap and posses similar energies and symmetries can combine to produce bonding orbitals in what theory of bond formation?
Answer: Molecular Orbital theory or MO theory
[10] In MO theory, the interaction of two atomic orbitals that are out of phase produces this type of high energy molecular orbital where there is little if any electron density between the bonding atoms.
Answer: anti-bonding orbital
[10] Molecules and atomic orbitals can be classified into these divisions based upon what symmetry operations can be applied to them. C 3 V and D 3 h are the classifications given ammonia and boron trifluoride respectively.
Answer: point groups
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It pitted the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers against Pinkerton detectives at a Carnegie Steel plant. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1892 labor action which ended in violence at the namesake plant outside Pittsburgh.
Answer: the Homestead Strike
[10] This Carnegie Company chairman and art benefactor took a hard line against the strikers, leading to his nonfatal shooting and stabbing by anarchist Alexander Berkman.
Answer: Henry Clay Frick
[10] Alexander Berkman was dispatched to kill Frick by this female companion, who expounded her anarchist views in the journal Mother Earth, the book The Social Significance of the Modern Drama, and the anti-Bolshevik chronicle My Disillusionment in Russia.
Answer: Emma Goldman
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Mr. Farraday purchases Darlington Hall in this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1989 story which follows a car trip taken by the butler Stevens.
Answer: The Remains of the Day
[10] This author of When We Were Orphans and An Artist of the Floating World wrote The Remains of the Day.
Answer: Kazuo Ishiguro
[10] Expanded from his earlier story "A Strange and Sometimes Sadness," this Ishiguro novel examines the effects of Keiko's suicide on her mother Etsuko and sister Niki.
Answer: A Pale View of Hills
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Sketches made before this painting show several moments before and after what is depicted, and bear titles such as Cannibalism and Sighting of the Argus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1816 painting, which takes place near Mauritania.
Answer: The Raft of the Medusa
[10] This painter of The Madwoman created The Raft of the Medusa.
Answer: Theodore Gericault
[10] Four elongated horses, two brown, one black, and one grey, compete in the title event in this 1821 Gericault canvas.
Answer: The Epsom Derby [or Derby at Epsom]
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It can be used to model the number of heads that occur in a series of coin tosses and de Moivre developed the normal or Gaussian distribution as an approximation for it. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this distribution that models the number of successes in a series of independent trails, where the probability of success is constant?
Answer: binomial distribution or binomial probability function
[10] When the probability of success is not constant over the trials such as the case of drawing a red ball without replacement from an urn containing a finite number of multiple color balls, this type of distribution can be applied.
Answer: hypergeometric distribution
[10] If two uncorrelated random variables have Poisson distributions with different expected values, this distribution can be used to represent the probability distribution of the difference of the two variables.
Answer: Skellam distribution
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Name these Russian poets, for 10 points each.,
[10] This husband of Isadora Duncan ended his career with "The Black Man" and "Confessions of a Hooligan." Though he praised Bolshevism in "Inonia," he killed himself at age thirty.
Answer: Sergei Esenin
[10] This author of A Precocious Autobiography and "Yes and No" described a wartime massacre of Jews in "Babii Yar."
Answer: Yevgeny Yevtushenko
[10] His many long poems include The Tale of Tsar Saltan, Ruslan and Liudmila, and Evgeny Onegin. He also wrote plays, such as Mozart and Salieri and Boris Gudonov.
Answer: Alexander Pushkin
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Subtitled "A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud," this book never once mentions the name of Marx. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1955 text, which posits that capitalism prevents psychological fulfillment of sexual drives.
Answer: Eros And Civilization
[10] Eros and Civilization was written by this leftist philosopher, whose other works include An Essay on Liberation and One-Dimensional Man.
Answer: Herbert Marcuse
[10] Marcuse joined with such figures as Erich Fromm, Walter Benjamin, and Theodor Adorno in this German philosophical circle, named for the location of the Institute for Social Research were they worked.
Answer: Frankfurt School
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He successively became king of England, Denmark, and Norway; the period in which he held all three titles lasted from 1028 to his death in 1035. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who dispatched Thorkell the Tall to extend his power to East Anglia after defeating Edmund Ironside at Ashingdon.
Answer: Canute the Great [or Canute I of England; or Canute II of Denmark]
[10] Canute was a grandson of Harold Bluetooth and a son of this man, who allied with Erik of Lade and Olaf Skotkonung to win the Battle of Svolder and avenge the St. Brice's Day Massacre.
Answer: Sweyn Forkbeard [or Sweyn I]
[10] An earlier Scandinavian invader of England was this Norse king who twice occupied the throne of Northumberland before his 954 death at Stainmore at the hands of Eadred.
Answer: Erik I [or Erik Bloodaxe; prompt on Erik]

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